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the notion, that it is wrong to thwart them in such matters, and that restraint may disgust them with religion. But surely this is being wiser than God. He approved Abraham because he commanded his children and his household after him;' (Gen. xyin. 17–19;) and when authority is not exercised, it is to be feared either that the welfare of the children's souls is not constantly kept in view, or that the mind is not really persuaded (though it affects to be so) of the evil of the company or pleasures deprecated. Parental authority is a talent for which all are responsible, both as regards its use and abuse; and surely a father or a mother never more legitimately exercises it than in keeping their children from that which they esteem an evil.

“ The next consideration I would affectionately submit to those who are mothers in Israel. They will admit that the head of every family is undoubtedly the man; in which view even the wife, though endowed with authority from him, is required to be subject to him. And women are not only reminded, under the Gospel, of the example of Sarah, who obeyed Abraham calling him, lord' (1 Pet. 111. 1–6); but they are required to submit themselves unto their own husbands, as unto the Lord.' (Ep. v. 22.) It has come to pass, however, that the propriety of such submission is, among carnal and worldly women, greatly questioned ; and I have been pained to hear even female professors of religion make a jest of that portion of the marriage service in which obedience is vowed, and treating the notion of the thing itself with anything but seriousness and reverence. Yea, I have known mothers openly inculcate on their daughters, that it would be the mark of a mean spirit in them, should they ever be married, not to contend for the mastery; and an excellent Christian woman once assured me, that she had been counselled by different females to resist marital authority ; but never, in any instance, was counselled to submit to it. Now the genius of Christianity is such, that it has necessarily endowed women with a degree of liberty they did not enjoy before; but the two passages which I have quoted evince that it never intended to go to an opposite extreme : nor is it possible that any deviation from the precepts and spirit of the Gospel can take place without a series of evil consequences following. In this instance, I fear much of that spirit of disobedience which exists may be traced to it; for when children and servants perceive that individual in a house, whose duty it is first to show subjection, treat the notion of it, in their own case, with lightness, (to go no further,) must it not insensibly encourage a spirit of insubordination through all the downward gradations in which submission is required? This is the more important in the wife, seeing that it is her province to train up the children of the family to show proper reverence and respect to the father, and to impress upon them, that he is the individual to whom all must be subject."

No. V.- Page 55.



" To extinguish human life by the hand of violence, must be quite a different thing in the eyes of the sceptic from what it is in those of a Christian. With the sceptic it is nothing more than diverting the course of a little red fluid, called blood; it is merely lessening by one the number of many miserable or contemptible beings. The Christian sees in the same event an unaccountable being cut off from a state of probation, and hurried perhaps unprepared into the presence of his Judge, to hear that final sentence which is to fix him for ever in an unalterable condition of felicity or woe. ...

This reasoning serves more immediately to show how the disbelief of a future state endangers the security of life; but though this be its direct consequence, it extends by analogy much further, since he who has learned to sport with the lives of his fellow creatures will feel but little solicitude for their condition in any other instance. . ;. Let the state be convulsed, and the still small voice of law be drowned in the tempest of popular fury, it will then be seen that atheism is a school of ferocity; and that having taught its disciples to consider mankind little better than a nest of insects, they will be prepared, in the conflict of party, to trample upon them without pity, and destroy them without

.. Atheism is an inhuman, bloody, ferocious system, equally hostile to every useful restraint and to every virtuous affection, that leaving nothing above us to excite awe, nor round us to awaken tenderness, it wages war with heaven and with earth ; its first object is to 'dethrone God, the next, to destroy man. The efforts of infidels to diffuse the principles of infidelity among the common people is another alarming symptom peculiar to the present time ;-Hume, Bolingbroke, and Gibbon addressed themselves solely to the polished classes of society, and would have thought their refined speculations debased by an attempt to enlist disciples from among the populace. Infidelity has lately grown condescending, bred in the speculations of a daring philosophy, immured at first in the cloisters of the learned, and afterwards nursed in the lap of voluptuousness and of courts; having at length reached its full maturity, it boldly ventures to challenge the suffrages of the people, solicits the acquaintance peasants and mechanics, and seeks to draw the whole nation to its standard. ... There is much, it must be confessed, in the apostacy of multitudes, and the rapid progress of infidelity, to awaken our fears for the virtue of the rising generation ; but nothing to shake our faith, nothing which Scripture itself does not give us room to expect. The features which compose the character of apostates, their profaneness, presumption, lewdness, impatience of subordination, restless appetite for change, vain pretensions to freedom, and to emancipate the world, while they themselves are the slaves of lust. The weapons with which they attack Christianity, and the snares they spread for the unwary are depicted in the clearest colours by the pencil of prophecy."

No. VI.- Page 65.


“Another feature in the history of the Papacy is that in Rev. XVII., the tenhorned beast is represented as of a scarlet colour, and the woman who is seated upon it is 'arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls (ver. 3, 4.) The pontifical cope worn on the eve of St. Peter, is made of fine red or scarlet stuff. The cardinals are clothed in scarlet. Eight men in long scarlet robes bear the . Sedia Gestatoria,' and the palfrey, whereon the Pope rides, is covered with scarlet cloth. There is a profusion of gold and jewellery and costly stones likewise displayed. The cope already alluded to is fastened with a hook or buckle of gold, called pectoral, enriched with precious stones, which alone is estimated at more than 50,000


A farther illustration of the gold and precious stones exhibited on him will lead us to another singular coincidence. It is said in Rev. XIII., that the dragon gave to this beast his power, and his seat, and great authority; and the pope has actually adopted the dragon as part of his armorial bearings. For Pope Gregory removed the cross from the top of the papal tiara, or triple crown, made by Pope Julius II., and replaced it by a brilliant emerald, supported by two golden dragons ; and caused his own arms to be quartered therewith, and then his name and title in diamonds, so that the dragon became at once his crest and his supporters : thus significantly, though unconsciously on his part, seeming to point out on whose authority he leaned and glorified.

“ Those who see in the two-horned beast of Rev. XII., an emblem of the secular and spiritual, or ecclesiastical power of the Pope, point to the farther circumstance of the Pope causing to be carried before him, upon state occasions, two swords as the mark of his two-fold sovereignty and dominion. (Habershon, p. 315.) And it is farther remarkable, that as the two horns of the beast are like a lamb,' whilst yet he spake as a dragon ;' so, whilst the Popes have mounted the dragon as their crest, they have also assumed as the device upon their banner, a lamb passant.

“I am aware that some of these things are merely symbols or emblems in the word of prophecy, and are therefore significant of other things; but so are they significant emblems also in the instance of the popes, and apparently shadow forth the very same circumstances and characteristics which are designed in Scripture; and that mystically and literally there is a resemblance.

“ Had the Romish church but kept the word of God continually before her, a recollection that these things are described therein would have led her upon every principle of good taste and of discretion to have avoided them, that there might be at least no external resemblance betwixt herself and the antichrist; but having shut up the Scriptures, and especially the Apocalypse, she has been led in her pride and infatuation to decorate herself with his very badges, and livery, blindly mistaking them for the garments of Messiah. Pope Innocent III., in whose reign the inquisition was founded, writes


• Christ hath set one man over the world; him whom he hath appointed his vicar on earth : and as to Christ is bent every knee in heaven, in earth, and under the earth, so shall obedience and service be paid to his vicar by all, that there may be one fold and one shepherd.' The Roman pontiff,' says Gregory VII., in his Epistle, “is by right universal. In him alone is the right of making laws. Let all kings kiss the feet of the pope. His name alone shall be heard in all the churches : it is the only name in the world. It is his right to depose kings. His sentence is not to be repealed by any one : it is to be repealed by himself alone. He is to be judged by none.'

“ Various instances are adduced by writers on the subject of the blasphemous flattery and adulation which has been addressed to the popes, and which flatteries have been approved, encouraged, and rewarded in the writers of the church of Rome, and the style of which is even adopted in the language of public decretals and acts of council. The Rev. R. Rabett has a pithy collection of them in his work upon the number of the beast, as -The countenance of thy divine Majesty'--'All power is delivered by the Lord to THEE ALONE, both in heaven and upon earth ;'-another God upon earth! 'O pope, thou art not God, nor man—but betwixt them both thou art.' Mr. Keith has a similar collection, from which the following may be added : 'Our Lord God the Pope, (which is the common style of his holiness' in Italy); --the power of the pope is greater than all created power, and extends to things celestial, terrestrial, and infernal ;-the pope doth whatsoever he listeth, even things unlawful, and is more than God ! Mr. Rabett refers for authorities for the titles he cites. And in regard to the sitting as God in the temple of God, Mr. Wright, confirms, as an eye-witness, what has been often before declared by other writers, that at the inauguration of a new pope, at which he was present, the pope sate on the grand altar, and received the adoration of the cardinals, who kissed his foot, hand, and cheek.

“One of the most disgusting instances of the pride of the popes is mentioned by Mr. Edward Wright, in the narrative of his travels in Italy, and of which he was an eye-witness, viz., that at the ceremony of the coronation of the pope, he sucks the sacramental wine through a tube, not deigning to touch with his lips the chalice out of which the other priests and bishops have to drink.—Vol 1., p. 191 : London, 1730.'

“Mr. Rabett mentions also having himself seen a beautifully enamelled tablet, apparently executed when popery was in its zenith, which represented a trinity of persons-consisting of the Holy Ghost, in the likeness of a dove ; -our Lord Jesus Christ, in the likeness of a man ;-and the Pope, with his triple crown and the keys of St. Peter ; and then the following words in Latin underneath :-Holy Trinity, One God, whether we invoke thee, whether we adore thee, we praise thee, 0 Blessed Trinity, under the name of the One God.'”

No. VII.-Pages 65, 79.



“ Irenæus says, respecting the number 666, 'Oportet . . . tales dicere, et ad Verum recurrere Nominis Numerum ut non in PseudO-PROPHETARUM loco deputentur. Sed Sciences FIRMUM NUMERUM qui à SCRIPTURA (from SCRIPTURE) annunciatus est, id est, SEXCENTORUM SEXAGINTA Sex,' &c.; and in the same chapter he sets forth the name Aateīvos, as containing the number 666, . Sed et Lateinos nomen habet SEXCENTORUM SEXAGINTA Sex numerum : et valde verisimile est, quoniam NovissIMUM REGNUM Hoc habet VOCABULUM. Latini enim sunt qui nunc Regnant,' &c. And having summed up, in chapter XXIX., the iniquity and apostacy of the numbered Beast (deduced from the opinions of the ancients concerning the number x&s or 666), in whom would concentre LL unrighteous ess, Irenæus exclaims,-'Et propter hoc in BESTIA veniente Recapitulatio sit universa Iniquitatis et omnis doli, ut in Ea (scil. BesTIA) confluens et conclusa omnis virtus Apostolica, in caminum mittaturignis. Congruenter autem et NOMEN EJUS habebit NUMERUM, Sexcentorum Sexaginta Sex, recapitulans in semetipso omnem qua fuit antediluvium, malitiæ commixtionem; quæ facta est ex Angelica Apostasia.

“ Dr. Tulke, in his Annotations on Rev. XIII. 18, caused all private men to PRAY IN LATINE.' That he alloweth no TRANSLATION of the SCRIPTURE, as AUTHENTICAL, BUT HIS LATINE, NO NOT THE ORIGINALL of HEBRUE AND GREEKE, which he blasphemeth to be corrupted, and therefore MUST GIVE PLACE TO HIS LATINE. Insomuch that THE SETTER FORTH OF THE COMPLUTENSE Edition, in his PREFACE to him, saith, “He placed the LATINE NEXT BETWEEN the HEBREW and the GREEK, as CHRIST between Two thieves.'

says, the

pope hath


“ The following is the Court account of it, as set forth by the Sieur Motraye,

page 30 :

* La plus prétieuse des Tiares fait par l'ordre de JULES II., Genois de Nation, l'an 7me de son Pontificat, est representée à la Planche IV., dont le fond est tout convert de belles perles. Les cercles sont d'or battu : sur celui dubas sont le Nom, la Dignite, et la Patrie de ce Pape en Lettres des Diamans, en ces

termes :

• IVLIVS LIGVR II. PONTIFEX. "MAXIMUS ANNO SEPTIMO PONTIFICATVS. • Les autres sont admirablement bien émaillées et garnies de quantité de diamans, de rubis, d'emerauds, d'hyacintes, de saphirs et de topases, et toutes en un ordre qui plaît beaucoup. Dans l'espace qui regne au dessus du cercle d'en bas, sont trois escarboucles admirable pour leur grandeur et leur éclat, avec un gros saphir très parfait, et un autre de même grandeur. Sur la partie opposée, il y a aussi çà et là diverses perles d'une grosseur extraordinaire, et de très belle eau, qui sont disposées avec une admirable simetrie, entre de gros dia

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