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of salvation,-and the theatre of many supernatural interventions,—wherein God has frequently manifested his glory, and will farther manifest it. Accordingly, their forces are directed against “the camp of the saints,—the beloved city,--mount Zion, the joy of the whole earth."-They will probably imagine that by subjugating this, they establish a universal government founded on such laws as the enemy of mankind shall have suggested. But their entire destruction for ever terminates on earth the dreadful consequences of the fall. Satan has completed his final efforts; and is cast "into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet,his fit associates, already are;"—and who, at his instigation, so unremittingly destroyed the fair face of the earth, and so unreluctantly persecuted the people of God.
SECOND RESURRECTION, FINAL JUDGMENT, AND FUTURE
CONDITION OF MANKIND.
John v. 28, 29. The hour is coming in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth ; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life ; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
Acts xxiv. 15. There shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. See also x. 42.
Romans xiv. 10, and 2 Corinthians v. 10. We must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
Revelation xx. 11-15. I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened : and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
From the above passages we may discover a strong reason why both periods of the resurrection should be represented at one view; for as we find that there will be births and deaths among those who dwell in the flesh during the Millennium, their righteous dead must be raised, as well as the wicked at this period. This affords a satisfactory reason why a resurrection of the wicked is never mentioned apart, or wholly detached from that of the righteous. It would appear incorrect to term this period 6. The Resurrection of the Wicked;" as conveying an exclusive signification.
The "white throne" appears to be emblematical of the “true and righteous” judgment which the Saviour will pronounce. The earth and the heavens have disappeared, no longer to continue the habitation of the children of God. A separate book is opened, which is termed in other parts of the Revelation, “the Lamb's book of life," and has respect only to the righteous. For we find in Psalm LxIx. 14, 18, 19, 28, that the enemies of Christ, those who hate him,—who are his adversaries, shall “be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous." This is the period in which “God will judge the secrets of men's hearts by Jesus Christ.” See Eccles. xi. 9, and xii. 14. The wicked will be conscious that their secret sins are disclosed; and,"condemned already,” they will be already separated the one from the other by Christ, “as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats,—the sheep on the right hand, and the goats on the left.” He will speedily pronounce sentence. Their condition cannot be qualified, their consciousness corresponding with those things which are written in the books.
Here the literal sea appears to be clearly expressed; and the wicked who have perished or been deposited therein, shall now be raised ; and death and hell, which, we think, represent the souls of the wicked in Hades, will be delivered up to be judged, every man according to his works. Death
will be cast into the lake of fire and brimstone ; i.e., will be converted into eternal death, or Gehenna, so, consequently, will Hades. This, which is the “second death," shows that the wicked do not receive their full measure of retribution when their souls depart out of this life, neither at the coming of the Lord. And as "there is nothing hid but what shall be revealed," so it will be necessary that they be condemned before an assembled universe. It is observable, likewise, that the books first mentioned are opened exclusively for the wicked, as all who are not written in the book of life will be cast into the lake of fire. We
may imagine that intimation is given of the different sentences to be pronounced on the various classes of sinful men, from the plural (Bißra, books) being used; i. e., on those who have committed the most atrocious and cruel,--the most murderous and oppressive crimes,—down to “whatsoever" deceiveth or "maketh a lie.” On the contrary, one book suffices for the followers of the Lamb.
“ The certainty of future judgment appears from the justice of God, which requires it; for it is evident that this attribute is not clearly displayed in the dispensation of things in the present state.
Things seem to be carried on in this world with an unequal balance.
The candle of God shines upon the wicked. They that tempt God are delivered, Mal. iii. 15. The wicked and disobedient persons are often as happy as if they were rewarded for their iniquity, whilst the innocent and religious are often as miserable as if they were punished for their innocency.
“ God being invisible in his own nature, has most wisely ordained the . . . judgment of the world to be transacted by a visible person;
.. this is Jesus Christ the Son
of God united to the human nature; for the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son; that all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father.' John v. 22, 23.
“ The Father ‘has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.' John v. 27. We must distinguish between the essential and economical power and authority of Christ. The Son of God, considered in his divine nature, has an original power and authority of judgment equal with the Father; but considered as Mediator, he has a power and authority committed by delegation.
“ Conscience, awakened by sharp afflictions, by sudden dangers, and the approaches of death, makes a sad detection of past sins, and forecasts cruel things; it cites the offender before the enlightened tribunal of heaven, scourges with remorse, and makes him feel, even here, the strokes of hell. Though the sin be secret, and the guilty person powerful, and not within the reach or cognizance of human justice, yet conscience has a rack within, and causes pain and anxiety, by fearful expectations of judgment to come. Hence the mere handwriting on the wall made king Belshazzar tremble, as much as Felix did at the preaching of St. Paul.
“ Fallen angels also will be judged. They are said to be reserved unto the judgment of the great day.” Jude vi. They shall receive their final sentence. Matt. viii. 29; xxv. 46; 1 Cor. vi. 3; 2 Pet. ü. 4; Rev. xx. 10.
“ The heathen will be judged by the light of nature : * For as many as have sinned without law, shall also perish without law.' Rom. ii. 12. Our people the Jews will be judged by the law of Moses : 'Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you,