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Amphibious ($ios, life). Living
under two differentconditions.

Amphoric (amphora,apitcher).
Applied to a peculiar sound,
like one speaking into an
empty pitcher.

Ampulla. The dilated portions
of the semi-circular canals in
the ear, 385; the dilated lac-
tiferous ducts in the mamma.

Amylaceous Substances (a-
mylum, starch). Bodies re-
sembling starch, 42—diges-
tion of, 84.

Amyloid. Resembling starch.

Anemia (o not; oijuo, blood).
Want of blood. 420.

Anaesthesia (anot; aloBavoftai,
I feel). Loss of feeling or

Analogy (avaAoyta, an agree-
ment). Functional similarity.

Anasarca (ava, through; iropf,
flesh). Effusion of serum into
the general cellular tissue of
the body.

Anastomosis (o-to^a, a mouth).
A direct communication be-
tween vessels as by open
mouths. 141.

Anatomy (ava, asunder; nfxvw,
I cut). The science which
treats of the structure of or-
ganized beings.

Anchylosis (ayKvKtw, I bend).
An immovable state of a joint.

Anencephalic (a, not; cyKe-
<pa\ov, the brain). Without

Aneurism (ava, through; tvpv-
vw, I widen). A dilation of
an arteryfromdisease or injury
of its coats.

Aneurism by anastomosis. 467.

Anfractuosity (anfractus, a
winding). Irregularities of
surface usually applied to
brain. 283.

Angina Pectoris. A painful
chest disease.

Anhydrous (a, not; vBu/p,
water). Without water.

Angioleucitis (ayyetov, a ves-
sel; Aeiwcos, white). Inflam-
mation of the lymphatics or
white vessels.

Animal, characters of an, 51—
food, 54—heat, 168.

Anodyne (a. not; oSvvn, pain).
A medicine which relieves pain.

Anomalous (6fx.aKos, equal).
Irregular, a departure from a
general rule.

Anoplotherium (a,not;oir\ov,
a weapon; (hipiov, a beast).
A pachydermatous fossil ani-
mal without organs of de-
fence. 20.

ANORExiA(opcfis,desires). Loss
of appetite.

Anterior pyramids of medulla
oblongata. 274.

Anthelmintic (&vti, against;
eXfitvs, a worm. Capable of
destroying entozoa or internal

Anthropoid (avBponos, a man).
Resembling man. 18.

Anthropology. The science
which concerns itself with
mankind. 17.

Antiperistaltic Action. 90.

Antiseptic (o-riirw, I separate).
Preventing putrefaction.

Antispasmodic (<riro«, I draw).
Preventing or stopping spasm.

Aorta (aeicra, I carry). The
vessel which carries arterial
blood from the heart. 141.

Aortic Values. 128.

A i- N 1,1 \ (4, not j irvett, I breathe
Suspension of breathing. 165.

Aponeurosis (euro, from; vev-
pov, a nerve or tendon. A
fibrous expansion or fascia.

Apophysis (oito, from, <pvu>, I
grow). A prominence from
the surface of a bone. 311.

Apoplexy (ir\riaau, I strike).
Loss of consciousness and
voluntary motion from a cere-
bral lesion.

Aqua Morgagni. Fluid sup-
posed to exist within the cap-
sule of the crystallinelens.307.

Aciueductus Cochlee. A
canal leading into the cochlea.

AauEDucTus Fallopii. The
passage for the transmission
of the portio dura nerve.

Aoueductus Vestibuli. A
canal transmitting a vein from
the vestibule. 394.

AauEOus Humour. The fluid
occupying that portion of the
eyeballinfront of the lens.366.

Aoueous Food. 52.

Arachnoid (apax>"j, a spider's
web). The serous membrane
covering the brain. 259.

Arbor-vitae. 277.

Archencephala (ipyor, chief;
eyK«pa\os, the brain). The
highest sub-class of mammalia
according to Owen, including
man only. 17.

Archetype (aoxts a beginning;
tinros, atype). A model. 25.

Arciform (arcui, a bow).
Curved, applied to some fi-
bres in the medulla oblon-
gata. 274.

Aliens Senilis. A fatty ring
round the cornea indicative of

Area Pellucida. Part of the
germinal vesicle. 409.

Areolar Tissue. The con-
nective tissue, consisting of
interlaced fibres of white and
yellow fibrous tissues. 299.

Artery (arip, air; rripeu, I
keep). A vessel carrying red
blood from the heart. 138.

Arterial Blood, properties of.

Arteries, structure of, 138—
elasticity of, 141—irritability,
142—force of blood in, 135.

Arthrodia (ap9pou, I articu-
late). A movable articulation
between bones with flat sur-
faces. 305.

Arthritis. Inflammation of
joints.generally applied to gout.

Articulata (articulus, a joint).
That division of the animal
kingdom consisting of jointed
invertebrate animals.

Articulate Sounds. 329.

Arytenoid Cartilage (apu-
rcuva, a pitcher). One of the
cartilages of the larynx. 323.

Ascites (oktkos, a leather bag).
A collection of fluid in the

Asphyxia (4 not; <ro>uJis, the
pulse). Suffocation; formerly
failure of the pulse. 165.

Assimilation. The process by
which our food is converted
into living tissue. 244.

Asthenia (&, not; srBevot,
strength). Weakness, want
of strength.

Asthma (A», I blow). Spas-
modic dyspneea. 156.

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Astringent (ttringo, I bind).
Contracting, binding. 98.

Atavism. The transmission of
a peculiarity from grand-pa-
rent to grandchild. 416.

Atelectasis (t«aos, an end;
eKreiva, I stretch). Imperfect
expansion. 158.

Atheroma (19-tym, porridge).
A pulpy substance found in
diseased arterial coats.

Atrophy (4 not; rpespu, I
nourish). Wasting or want
of nourishment. 435.

Auditory Meatus, external,
381—internal, 387.

Auditory Nerve. 387.

Auricle. The external ear, 380
—of the heart, 127.

Automatic Action. 270.

Axis Cylinder of nerve fibre.

Azote or Nitrogen. 165.

Balanitis (jboawo;, the glans
penis). Inflammation of the
glans penis.

Barytone (Bapvs, heavy). A
variety of male voice inter-
mediate between bass and
tenor. 328.

Basement Membrane. 64.

Bass. The lowest variety of
the male voice. 328.

Bicuspid (bis, twice; ciupis, a
spear). Two-pointed teeth. 66.

Bifurcation (bis,twice; furca,
a fork.) Binary division.

Bile. Analysis of, 187—quan-
tity of, 187—uses of, 189.

Biliph.bin (Ai7»*,bile). The bile
pigmentor coloring matter. 49.

Bilivkrdin (viridig, green) A
supposed green colouring mat-
ter in the bile. 188.

Bilifulvin (fitleus, yellow).
A variety of bile pigment of a
yellow colour. 49.

Bimana (lik, two; manus,
hand). Two-handed, an or-
der of mammalia including
man only. 17.

Bladder, Urinary. 203.

Blephrospasmus (&\(fapov,
eyelid; awam, I draw). A
spasmodic closure of the eye-
lids, usually seen in strumous

Blennorrhea (0Au'i'a,mucus;
pea, I flow). A mucous dis-
charge, a term used for go-

Blood, 105—analysis of, 116—
coagulation of, 118—corpus-
cles, 107—force of, 135—
physical characters, 107—
quantity, 136—velocity, 136
—venous, 118—vital proper-
ties of, 118.

Bone. Structure of, 308—che-
mical composition, 306—mi-
neral matter, 306—repair of,

Brachial (brachium, the arm),
belonging to the arm.

Brain. Analysis of, 247—cir-
culation in, 260—fats of, 247
—development, 411.

BRANCHi.E,orgills; the aerating
organs of fishes.

Bread. 58.

Breathing or Tidal air. 158.

Bronchial Tubes (fipoyxos.
the windpipe). The second-
ary divisions of the air tubes.

Bronchophony (<pom), sound).
The sound produced by the
passage of air through the


Bronchotomy. The operation
of opening the air-passages.

Bruitmusculaire. The sound
of muscular contraction. 131.

Brunner's Glands. Small
glands in the duodenum. 88.

Buccal Glands. 71.

Buccinator (buccina, a trum-
pet). The muscle that com-
presses the air in the mouth
when blowing wind instru-
ments. 346.

Buffy Coat of blood. 122.

liciis.K. Synovial sacs to ob-
viate friction on prominent
bony points. 304.

Cachexia (kokos, bad; ^£«,
habit). A deranged state of
the constitution.

Cacoplastic (irAoo-ira, I form).
Badly organizable. 447.

Cecum (Ceecw, blind). The
commencement of the large
intestine. 90.

Calamus Scriptorius. A
groove in the fourth ventricle.

Calcium. Fluoride of,in bones.

Calorific Digestion, 84—food,

Calculi. Concretions formed
in internal cavities. 232.

Calyces of kidney. 196.

Calyciform papillae of tongue.

Canaliculi. The minute ca-
nals in bones. 308.

Canal of Petit. A canal be-
tween the layers of the hya-
loid membrane as it splits to
enclose the lens. 364.

Cancer (KapKivos, a crab), so
named because the processes

or veins spread out like claws;
malignant disease. 473.

Cannula (dim. for canna, a
reed), a tubular surgical in-
strument introduced with a
trocar or stilette.

Canthus. The angle of the
eye. 354.

Capillaries. (Capillus.ahair),
the most minute blood vessels.

Capillary Attraction. 94.

Capillary Force. 146.

Capsule of Glisson. 184.

Cardia. The upper opening of
the stomach. 76.

Cardiac Valves. 127.

Carotid (Kapa, the head; oiis,
the ear). The artery which
supplies the head and neck.

Cartilage (cartilago, gristle).
A peculiar animal tissue con-
sisting of a gelatinous sub-
stance called chondrin and
lime salts. 301.

Casein (caseum, cheese). A
proximate animal principle
derived from milk; one of the
albuminoid bodies. 47.

Catalepsy (Kara, down; \Tityn,
a seizing). Loss of conscious-
ness with fixity of the extre-
mities. 484.

Catalysis (\vu, I loosen). A
term applied to certain che-
mical phenomena in which
changes in the composition of
substances are effected by the
presence of another body
which remains unaltered.

Catarrh (Karappea, I flow
down). Inflammation of the
mucous membrane.

Cathartics. Medicines which
purge. 98.

Catheter (ko0i7jju, I thrust
into). A tubular instrument
passed into the bladder.

Catoptrics (Karoirrpov, a mir-
ror). The phenomena of re-
flected light.

Catoptric Test. A test for
the soundness and transpa-
rency of the crystalline lens
by the position of the reflected
images of a candle. 377.

Caudal (cauda,atail). Relating
to a tail.

Cauda Equina. The termina-
tion of medulla spinalis. 264.

Caucasian Race. 33.

Cell. A simple bag consisting
of cell wall and contents. 13.

Cellular Tissue. More pro-
perly areolar 299.

Cellulose. A vegetable prin-
ciple resembling starch. 42.

Centrifugal (centrum, the
centre;fugio, I fly). Applied
to efferent or motor nerves.

Centripetal (peto, I seek).
Seeking the centre; applied to
afferent or sensitive nerves.

Centrum Ovale. The large
white surface seen on remov-
ing the upper portion of the
cerebral hemispheres.

Cerebellum. 277.

Cerebrum. The brain. 282.

Ceruminous Glands. Those
that secrete the wax in the
external ear. 381.

Cervical. Pertaining to the
neck, —vertebrae, number
of, 27.

Chemosis (xmra, I gape). A
turgid and raised state of the

Chiasma. The commissure of
the optic nerves, so called
from its resemblance to the
Greek letter, x- 371

Chloride of Sodium. 40.

Chlorine (xaojj>os, greenish
yellow). A yellowish ele-
mentary gas. 38.

Chlorosis. A disease of the
blood in young females, cha-
racterised by a greenish color
of the skin. 420.

Cholagogue (x»A7j, bile; cyca
I lead). A medicine which
causes evacuation of bile. 98.

Choleic Acid. An acid of bile.

Cholera (x»Aij, bile; pea, I
flow). Blood in cholera. 421.

Cholesterin (xoa7j, bile; ors-
peos, solid). The fat of bile. 44.

Chondrin. The proximate ani-
mal principle of cartilage. 48.

Chorion (xapea, I contain).
One of the membranes of the
foetus. 410.

Choroid Membrane. One of
the coats of the eye, con-
sisting mainly of vessels and
pigment. 361.

Choroid Plexus. A network
of vessels in the lateral cere-
bral ventricle.

Chronic (xpovos, time). Long
continued—in diseases, con-
trary of acute.

Chyle (xuAos, juice). The fluid
part of the food separated from
the chyme by the action of
the bile, to be absorbed by
the lacteals. 100.

Chylification. The process
of making chyle. 84.

Chyme (xvnos, juice). The
pulpy mass, formed by diges-

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