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Old Names arranged

Alphabetically. Acid of fat

New Names.

sedative }

Sebacic acid

Laccic acid Lactic acid Saccho-lactic acid Gas

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of lac
of milk

of the sugar of milk Air

dephlogisticated
empyreal
vital
pure
impure, or vitiated
burnt
phlogisticated
inflammable
marine acid
dephlogisticated
marine acid
hepatic -

fetid of sulphur Air fixed

solid of Hales

alkaline Alkalies, fixed

volatile concrete volatile caustic effervescent, ae-7

rated, or mild vegetable mineral or marine

Prussian Alum Antimony, crude Aqua fortis

regia

ammonia pura Argil, or argillaceous earth Bezoar mineral Black lead Borax Butters of the metals Calces, metallic Ceruse

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Old Names arranged
Alphabetically.

New Names.
Ceruse of antimony

White oxide of antimony Charcoal, pure

Carbon Colcothar of vitriol

Red oxide of iron by the sul

phuric acid Copper, acetated

- Acetate of copper Copperas, green

Sulphate of iron blue

of copper Cream of tartar

Acidulous tartrate of potash Earth, calcareous

Lime aluminous

- Alumina, or alumine siliceous

Silex ponderous

Barytes magnesian, or muriatic Magnesia Emetic tartar

Antimoniated tartrate of potash Essences

Volatile oils Ethiops, martial

Black oxide of iron

Black sulphureted oxide of mineral

mercury Flowers, metallic

Sublimated metallic oxides of sulphur

Sublimated sulphur Fluors

Fluates Hepars

Sulphurets Heat, latent

Caloric

Red sulphureted oxide of anKermes mineral

timony Lapis infernalis

Fused nitrate of silver Leys

Solutions of alkalies Liquor silicum

Solution of siliceous potash of Aints

Semivitreous oxide of lead or Litharge

litharge Liver of sulphur, alkaline Sulphuret of potash calcareous

of lime Luna cornea

Muriate of silver Magistery of bismuth

Oxide of bismuth by the nitric

acid Magnesia alba 2 • Carbonate of magnesia black

Black oxide of manganese Masticot

Yellow oxide of lead Mephitis

Nitrogen gas Minium

Red oxide of lead Mother waters

Saline residues Nitre, or saltpetre

Nitrate of potass

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New Names.

Old Names arranged

Alphabetically.
Nitres
Oils, fat

etherial

of tartar per deliquium Phlogiston Phosphoric salts Precipitate, red

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Nitrates Fixed oil Essential oils A solution of potash A principle imagined by Stahl,

but now not admitted Phosphates s Red oxide of mercury by the

nitric acid Red oxide of mercury by fire Gallic acid Tannin Oxygen See Phlogiston Copper pyrites Iron pyrites, or sulphuret of

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Principle, astringent

tanning
acidifying

inflammable Pyrites of copper Pyrites martial

{ iron

SRed

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Realgar
Regulus of the metals
Rust of iron
Saffron of Mars
Sal ammoniac

polychrest
Salt, common or sea

febrifuge of Sylvius
fusible of urine
Glauber's
Epsom -
of sorret
of wormwood

vegetable
Saltpetre
Selinite
Spar, calcareous

Aluor

ponderous Spirit, ardent

of wine
of nitre

fuming
of salt

sulphuretted oxide of
arsenic
The metals in a pure state
Oxide of iron
Oxide of iron
Muriate of ammonia
Sulphate of potash
Muriate of soda
Muriate of potash
Phosphate of soda
Sulphate of soda

of magnesia Acidulous oxalate of potash · Carbonate of potash

Tartrite of potash
Nitrate of potash
Sulphate of lime
Crystallized carbonate of lime
Fluate of lime
Sulphate of barytes

!

Alkohol

Nitric acid Nitrous acid Muriatic acid

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Nero Names.

Old Names arranged

Alphabetically.
Spirit of sal ammoniac

of vitriol
Spiritus rector
Sublimate, corrosive
Sugar of lead
Tartar

emetic

vitriolated
Tartars
Tinctures, spirituous
Turbeth mineral
Vinegar, distilled 7

radical
Vitriols
Vitriol, blue

green

white Water acidulated

[blocks in formation]

hepatic

MANUFACTURES AND ARTS,

The modern sciences, and particularly chemistry, have been of late successfully applied to the improvement of several of the useful arts ; and some, in consequence, have undergone almost an entire change. Of the principles of some of them we propose to give a brief description.

MAKING BREAD.

Scarcely any nation exists, in which the use of bread is entirely unknown, or something as a substitute for it; a dry food appearing to be nécessary to promote the secretion of saliva, in the process of mastication.

In Lapland, where they have no corn, they make a kind of bread from dried fish, and of the inner rind of the bark of the pine. In some parts of America, they use, for this purpose, casava, the root of a plant which is poisonous till it is rendered wholesome by the extraction of its acrid juice. In the South Sea islands, the bread-fruit tree affords the natives a substance resembling bread.

From time immemorial, the farináceous seeds have been employed as food, and they are the most nutritive of all the vegetables. Few of the alimentary substances are used by man in å raw and crude state ; almost all undergo some preparation, by which they are rendered more easy of digestion, or are more palatable. The application of

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