Page images


children are hardened by being plunged, from early birth, in the coldest water, even in winter; but in either case,

where good is done once, evil is done ten, fifteen, or twenty 10 times. There is evil enough to try the child's character at

home, in the country, without sending him to a city or elsewhere, unless we are obliged to do so. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Give the meaning of sabbath-breaking, strolling, conversing, reeling, shudder. Habits-particular ways of thinking, feeling, or acting to which we have become addicted, or accustomed by indulgence. What kind of feeling is expressed by the word alas in Sent. Sth? Give the meaning of elsewhere and unless in Sent. 10th.

SECT. L.-GREAT EVENTS FROM SLIGHT CAUSES. 1 A Fly or an atom may set in motion a train of intermediate

causes, which shall produce a revolution in a kingdom. 2 Any one of a thousand incidents, might have cut off Alex

ander of Greece, in his cradle. But if Alexander had died 3 in infancy, or had lived a single day longer than he did, it

might have put another face on all the following history of the world.

A spectacle-maker's boy, amusing himself in his father's 4 shop, by holding two glasses between his finger and his

thumb, and varying their distance, perceived the weathercock of the church spire, opposite to him, much larger than ordinary, and apparently much nearer, and turned upside

down. This excited the wonder of the father, and led him 5 to additional experiments; and these resulted in that aston

ishing instrument, the telescope, as invented by Galileo, and perfected by Herschel.

DEFINITIONS, &c.Define atom, intermediate, revolution, incidents: spire, telescope. Who was Alexander ? Galileo? Herschel ?

SECT. LI.-BE SATISFIED; OR, ALL WILL YET BE WELL. 1 Oh, what a piece of service should. I render you, if I 2 could prevail on you to be satisfied! This would do more

toward making you happy, than if I could give you the 3 mines of Mexico. More peace, more heart's repose, more

real joy, would flow from such a source, than you could of obtain from the possession of a world. But though I may



not be able to give you such a precious treasure, I will still urge upon you the advantages of being satisfied, and of

hoping that all will yet be well. 5 I once knew a very rich, wise, and aged woman, who 6 lived in an almshouse.

" What !” say you.

7 “Lived in 8 an almshouse! That can be no proof of her wisdom'. 9 If she were really rich, why did she not dwell in a habita10 tion of her own, like other rich people ?" Ay, but, my friends, you are forgetting that

True riches are they, which pass not away;

And true wisdom, the fear of the Lord. Rebecca Roberts, it is true, had neither houses nor lands'; 11 and if she had any money, she kept it very snugly; for I

never knew her to possess more than a few shillings before12 hand in her life; yet for all this, Rebecca was rich. Though

she had neither mansions normoney, she was satisfied 13 without them: this satisfaction was her riches. In every

joy, and in every sorrow, she believed that all would yet be well. DEFINITIONS, &c.—What feeling do you express by the word oh at the beginning of this Section ? Give the meaning of the word satisfied, more, toward, mines, peace, repose, real, world, treasure, advantages, almshouse, habitation, forgetting. Where is Mexico ?

“ What! say you,” Sent. 6th, and “ Lived, &c.," Seut. 7th, should both be delivered with the upward siide.

SECT. LII.-A CURIOUS CALCULATION. 1 What is a billion ? 2 The reply is very simple : a million 3 times a million. This is quickly written, and more quickly 4 still pronounced. But no man is able to count it. You

count 160 or 170 a minute, but let us even suppose that 5 you may go as far as 200 : then an hour will produce

12,000, a day, 288,000, and a year, 365 days, (for every four years you may rest from counting, during leap year,)

105,120,000. Let us suppose now, that Adam, at the be8 ginning of his existence, had begun to count, had continued

to do so, and was counting still : he would not even now, according to the usually supposed age of our globe, have

counted near enough. For to count a billion, he would re7 quire 9,512 years, 34 days, 5 hours, and 20 minutes, ac44


cording to the rule taken above. Now supposing we were 8 to allow the poor counter 12 hours daily for rest, eating

and sleeping, he would need 19,024 years, 69 days, 10 hours, and 40 minutes. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Define simple, able, count, quickly, rest, leap year, globe, (why is the earth called a globe ?) Who was Adam? Was he an American?


1 “The Turks differ from the Franks,” says Dr. Walsh,

“in their most trifling habits. The barber pushes his razor from him ; ours draws it to him: the carpenter, on the contrary, drew the saw to him, for all the teeth were set in; ours pushes it from him, for all the teeth are set out: the

mason sat while he laid the stones ; ours always stands : 2 the scribe wrote on his hand, from right to left; ours always writes on a desk, and from left to right : the most ridiculous difference consisted in the manner of building a house : we begin at the bottom and finish at the top: the house we now saw was a frame of wood, which the Turks began at the top; and the upper rooms were finished and

inhabited, while all below was like a lantern." 3 APPLICATION.—There are two ways of doing a thing : a 4 right way and a wrong way. Now the right way is always

the easier and the more agreeable; while the wrong way is 5 always difficult and troublesome. Besides, when a thing is done

wrong, it has to be done over again. When children 6 do not know how to do any thing in the best manner, they

should inquire of their parents, teachers, or friends; and

when they are told, they should remember and attend to 7 what has been said. Many a mother has said to her little

girl, “ Your work is all wrong; do you not see how ill it 8 looks ? Go and pull it all out again.” And many a little boy 9 has had his sum rubbed out from his slate because he did

not mind what was said ; or, taking the wrong turning, and going down the wrong street, has not been able to find out the person to whom he was sent, and has had to go again, for his negligence and thoughtlessness. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Turks—inhabitants of Turkey: Where is Turkey ? Franks-Frenchmen literally; but by it are meant all Christians of

[blocks in formation]

Europe. Define barber, razor, draws, carpenter, pushes, mason, scribe, desk, ridiculous, bottom, top, lantern.-(In what state must a house bo to look like a lantern ? Must you be able to see through it ?) Define casier, difficult, troublesome.

What is meant by an application ?


1 “What do you mean by the old school, father ?” asked

little Joseph, looking up from the amusing and instructive 2 occupation of putting together a dissected map. “I have

often heard you say that such a person belongs to the old 3 school, and wondered what it could be. Is it a school for

old people ?" 4 The father smiled. “Not exactly that, my son, but the 5 school in which old people were taught, when they were

young. 6 “But was that any different from the schools we have 7 now?" the boy inquired. “Do tell me, father, all about it; 8 for I suppose you went to it ?" And Joseph left continents,

oceans and islands, in one confused heap, to draw his little

stool beside his father. 9 “No'; I was not educated in the old school'; still I can

tell you something about it." 10 “Were there desks and books and slates and maps, father ?

and were the boys taught in classes as they are at the school

I go to ?11 You wholly mistake my meaning, my boy,” Mr. Darwin

made answer: “the word school, though literally meaning

a place for education, is often used in another sense. Thus, 12 we speak of the school of experience, and the school of afflic

tion, because these circumstances produce a change in the

mind, similar to that which is accomplished in a child by 13 education. When we say, therefore, that an individual has

been brought up in the old school, we mean that he received and still retains the ideas of the age in which he formerly lived : ideas which, though once common to all men, like the clothes worn at the same time, are now old-fashioned, and laid aside for others of a different and newer pattern.



DEFINITIONS, &c.-Define amusing, instructive, occupation, dissected map, (a map cut into pieces, and to be put together as it was before being cut,) old, exactly, continents, oceans, islands, confused, heap, educated, desks, slates, classes, mistake, meaning, circumstances, (things,) similar (like,) accomplished, (effected, produced,) individual, (person,) retains. (holds,) ideas, (opinions,) age, (time,) pattern.

SECT. LV.WHEN TO THINK BEFORE SPEAKING OR ACTING 1 Think, boys, in all your pursuits ; and endeavor to prevail

on others to think also. 2 It is said, that a father once told his hasty son to think

three times before he spoke once. The father was standing 3 with his back so near the fire that the tail of his coat was

caught by the blaze; on seeing which the son said, "Father, 4 I think !"- !_“That is right,” said the father, “but what is the 5 subject of your thoughts ?"-"O, I think,” repeated the son. 6 “Very good !" the father added"; “but now tell me what 7 it is you are thinking of." “Why," rejoined the son, "I

think, father, that the tail of your coat is on fire." «You 8 young rogue !" cried the father, turning round in a passion,

and finding his coat skirt half burnt away, “you young

rogue, why did you not tell me at once that my coat was on 9 fire ?” “And so I should,” replied the son, but


told me always to think three times before I spoke once.

Now, my boys, when I tell you to think, I do not mean 10 that you should spend that time in thinking, which ought to

be employed in acting'; if the case require thought, never act without it; but many cases require prompt and immediate action. If a child is in danger of being run over by a

carriage, if another is in the act of drowning, a third near 11 to the brink of a precipice, or if an accident occur,

like that of the gentleman's coat on fire, he who would be of any

service must stretch forth his hand immediately, and act 12 with decision. Such cases, however, do not often occur: in

the main, we should think both before we speak and before 13 we act. He who thinks wisely, is the most likely to act

wisely; for actions proceed from thoughts. If the fool would 14 think, he would be a fool no longer : if the wise thought 15 more, they would be wiser than they are. Thinking aright

« PreviousContinue »