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ANGER. GOOD SPELLING.
3 shamefaced in company, they try a variety of ways to keep
themselves in countenance: thus, they fall into those awkward habits I have mentioned, which grow upon them, and in time become habitual. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Silly trick-foolish way, manner, habit. Define laughing, whenever, grin, distorted, scratching, twirling, fumbling, shamefaced, company. Keep themselves in countenance-to remain selfpossessed, to keep courage up. Define mentioned, grow, in time.
SECT. CCXXXIV. -ANGER.
HEAR me, rash man: on thy allegiance hear me.
Cursed be your senate : cursed your constitution :
Hateful to you, as these base chains to me. DEFINITIONS, &c.-Define rash, allegiance, striven, vow, (break a vow as you would a stick ?) banish, kingdom, (the king's dom, or dominion ?) Define expired, hated, trunk, (this properly means the body of a man without head, arms, or legs; but here it is used for the whole body, tho man.) What other meanings has trunk! I think of two at least just now: what are they? Define cursed, senate, factions, councils, safety, robes, base, chains.
SECT. CCXXXV.-GOOD SPELLING. 1 If writing well shows the gentleman, much more so does
spelling well. It is so essentially necessary for a gentleman, 2 or a man of letters, that one false spelling may fix a ridicule
on him for the remainder of his life. Words in books are 3 generally well spelt, according to the orthography of the
age : reading therefore with attention will teach every one to spell right. It sometimes happens that words shall be 4 spelt differently by different authors; but if you spell them
upon the authority of one in estimation of the public, you 6 will escape ridicule. Where there is but one way of spell
ing a word, by your spelling it wrong, you will be sure to 6 be laughed at. For a woman of a tolerable education would
laugh at and despise her lover, if he wrote to her, and the 7 words were ill-spelt. Be particularly attentive then to your
spelling DEFINITIONS, &c.—Define writing, spelling, essentially. A man of letters—a literary man, a writer of books. Define orthography, authority, estimation, (esteemed ?) escape, tolerable, (this word properly means, possible to be endured, borne. A tolerable education is therefore one which people will perhaps bear, put up with, i. e. allow to be just sufficient to escape the condemnation of ignorance.) Define despise, lover, words, ill-spelt, then
Let me think :
Would he were fatter, but I fear him not'.-
THE PERFECT SPEAKER.
That could be moved to smile at any thing. 16 Such men as he be never at heart's ease,
Whilst they behold a greater than themselves ;
And, therefore, are they very dangerous. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Pause some time after Sent. 1st, as if thinking to yourself. Define mean, aversion, bred up, count. Given his hand-engaged to marry. Deed—i. e. fulfilling the engagement, being married. Define statesman, esteem, trust. Where is Sicily? Define bribe, fatter, liable, avoid, spare, observer, plays, music, seldom, sort, mocked, scorned, at heart's ease, (content?) dangerous. Ha! in Sent. 3, expresses surprise, and should therefore be delivered with the rising slide. What must be supplied before perhaps in the same sentence ?
SECT. CCXXXVII.-NEVER INTERRUPT A STORY. 1 It is a piece of politeness not to interrupt a person in a
story, whether you have heard it before or not. Nay'; if a 2 well-bred man is asked whether he has heard it, he will
evade the question, and let the person go on, though he knows it already. Some are fond of telling a story, be3 cause they think they tell it well; others pride themselves
in being the first teller of it; and others are pleased at being thought intrusted with it.
Now, all these persons you would disappoint by answering yes; and, as I have 4 told you before, as the greatest proof of politeness is to
make everybody happy about you, I would never deprive a person of any secret satisfaction of this sort, when I could gratify him by a minute's attention. DEFINITIONS, &c.—A piece of politeness—a dictate or rule of polite
Define well-bred, evade, person, fond, intrusted, disappoint, proof, (evidence or trial?) deprive, secret, sort, (manner, as in the precoding piece ? or kind ?) What is a minute's attention ?
SECT. CCXXXVIII.—THE PERFECT SPEAKER. 1 IMAGINE to yourselves, Demosthenes, addressing the most
illustrious assembly in the world, upon a point, whereon 2 the fate of the most illustrious of nations depended. How 3 awful such a meeting ! how vast the subject! Is man pos4 sessed of talents adequate to the great occasion ? Ade
quate! Yes, superior: by the power of his eloquence, the 5 augustness of the assembly is lost, in the dignity of the
orator; and the importance of the subject, for & while
superseded, by the admiration of his talents. With what 6 strength of argument, with what powers of the fancy, with
what emotions of the heart, does he assault and subjugate
the whole man, and at once captivate his reason, his im7 agination, and his passions !—To effect this, must be the
utmost effort of the most improved state of human nature. 8 Not a faculty that he possesses is here unemployed : not a
faculty that he possesses, but is here exerted to its highest 9 pitch. All his internal powers are at worky: all his ex
ternal, testify their energies. Within, the memory, the 10 fancy, the judgment, the passions are all basy: without,
every muscle, every nerve, is exerted ; not a feature, not a
limb, but speaks. The organs of the body attuned to the 11 exertions of the mind, through the kindred organs of the
hearers, instantaneously, and, as it were, with an electrical
spirit, vibrate those energies from soul to soul.-Notwith12 standing the diversity of minds in such a multitude, by the
lightning of eloquence, they are melted into one mass : the
whole assembly actuated in one and the same way, become, 13 as it were, but one man, and have but one voice. The uni
versal cry is-Let us march against Philip : let us fight for our liberties : let us conquer-or die ! DEFINITIONS, &c.—What is meant by a perfect speaker ? who by Demosthenes ? Define addressing, most, illustrious, assembly, upon, point, (subject ?) whereon, fate, depended, awful, meeting, vast, possessed of, (in possession of, the owner ?) talents, adequate, superior, power, eloquence, augustness, dignity, orator, importance, while, superseded, admiration, strength, argument, fancy, assault, subjugate, captivate, reason, imagination, (the difference between this and fancy,) passions, effect, utmost, faculty, exerted, pitch, internal, external, testify, (show? What other meaning has it ?) energies, memory, judgment, busy, muscle xcrve, feature, limb, organs, attuned, mind, kindred, instantaneously electrical, vibrate, diver sity, multitude, lightning, melted, mass, actuated universal, cry, marci, fight, conquer, die.
Of many a hapless fight, with a fierce
Their dearest country. “If we fall," I cried,
Noʻ; let us live, or let us die like men !" DEFINITIONS, &c.—Define generous, fero, veteran, hardy, gleanings (remuins, remnants ?) hapless, (less, i. e. without, hap, i. e. good chances, happiness, fortune,-hapless, i. e. unfortunate ?) fierce, heroic, fire, (cour. age ?) inspirited, (put spirit, courage in ?) each. What little word is understood Letween this word and other ? the ? What is meant by resolved on deatz ? disdaining to survive? Does fall here mean simply to fall dowr. ? Define tamely, passive, cowards. Does dearest mean most ex. pensive, or most loved.? Aud does it mean dearer than any thing else, or dearer than any other country of ours ? Can a man have more than one country?
SECT. CCXL. THE PSALMS.
NEVER did the spirit of true piety breathe more strongly 1 than in these divine songs; which, being added to a rict
vein of poetry, makes them more captivating to my heart
and imagination, than any thing I ever read. You will con2 sider how great disadvantages any poem must sustain from
being rendered literally into prose, and then imagine how beautiful these must be in the original. May you be enabled
by reading them frequently, to transfuse into your own 3 breast that holy flame which inspired the writer! to delight
in the Lord, and in his laws, like the Psalmist; to rejoice in him always; and to think “one day in his courts better than a thousand !”—But may you escape the heart-piercing sor
row of such repentance as that of David, by avoiding sin, 4 which humbled this unhappy king to the dust; and which
cost him such bitter anguish, as it is impossible to read of without being moved.
Not all the pleasures of the most prosperous sinners, could counterbalance the hundredth part of those sensations which are described in his penitential Psalms, and which must be
the portion of every man, who has fallen from a religious 5 state into such crimes, when once he recovers a sense of re
ligion and virtue, and is brought to a real hatred of sin,
However available such repentance may be to the safety and 6 happiness of the soul after death, it is a state of such ex
quisite suffering here, that one cannot be enough surprised at the folly of those who indulge sin, with the hope of living to make their peace with God by repentance.