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Broken up

Broken up. .

Laid up


1832 United States........ 450 Jos. Whitusy 1833 Black Hawk.. ..100

Changed to Dolphin 1833 Wm. Avery.

.200 Vaughn 1834 Oswego...... .400 Capt. Evans

do. 1836 Oneida.. 1.300 do Child

do. 1837 Telegraph.

..200 do Mason Lows'n to Ham'ton. 1838 John Marshall..

60 J. F. Tyler

Lost in 1814. 1839 St. Lawrence...

.450 J. V. Cleve 1839 Express..... .150 H. N. Throop

Tow-boat. 1841 Geo. Clinton...... .100 Chapman Oswego to Kingston. 1841 President....

60 Isaac Green

Lost in 1844. 1842 Lady of the Lake... ..425 S. H. Hoag Lows'n to Ogdenes. 1843 Rochester. ..............

.400 H. N. Throop do. do 1845 Niagara.... .476 R. F. Child

do. 1847 Cataract..

.620 J. Van Cleve do. do. 1847 New steamer building, 800 tons.

DEFINITIONS, &c.—What is meant by navigation, (steam navigation, tho history of it ?) What between the words increase and improvement in sentence 1st ? (of ?) By commercial marino is meant ships and men engaged in commerce : what is commerce ? Define impart, progress, collected, compiled, tonnage, trip, proprietors, propelled, experiment, enterprise, magnitude. Where is Lake Ontario ? Sackett's Harbor ? Oswego? What are extravagant demonstrations ? enthusiastic greetings ? Define night: wheels, reached, next, after, demolished, tremendous. Of what kind of things only should we speak of as being tremendous ? Is a sheep tremendous ?

I Supply what is necessary to make out the sense of the words, built, names, tons, commander, remarks, at the head of the columns at the end of this section. e. g. [This column of figures declares when each vessel was] built. Again. Read across the columns and supply what is necessary to the sense ; putting the first mn after the column of comi nders where it really belongs; thus : “ The Ontario, (carrying] 400 [tons and commanded by] J. Mallaby (was built in) 1816: [she is now) broken up, [i. e. taken apart : in pieces.]


1 THERE is a story in the Arabian Nights Tales, of a king,

who had long languished under an ill habit of body, and had

taken abundance of remedies to no purpose. At length, 2 2 says the fable, a physician cured him by the following meth

od: he took a hollow ball of wood, and filled it with sev, eral drugs; after which he closed it up so artificially that nothing appeared. He likewise took a mall, and after having 3 hollowed the handle, and that part which strikes the ball,

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enclosed in them several drugs after the same manner as in

the ball itself. 4 He then ordered the sultan, who was his patient, to exer

cise himself early in the morning with these rightly prepared instruments, till such time as he should sweat; when, as the story goes, the virtue of the medicaments perspiring through the wood, had so good an influence on the sultan's constitutin that they cured him of an indisposition which all the compositions he had taken inwardly had not been able to

remove. 5

This eastern allegory is finely contrived to show us how beneficial bodily labor is to health ; and that exercise is the most effectual physic. I have described in my

hundred and 6 fifteenth paper, from the general structure and mechanism

of a human body, how absolutely necessary exercise is for its preservation : I shall in this place recommend another great preservative of health, which in many cases produces the same effects as exercise, and may in some measure sup

ply its place, where opportunities of exercise are wanting. 7 The preservative I am speaking of is Temperance; which

has those particular advantages above all other means of

health, that it may be practised by all ranks and conditions, 8. at any season, or in any place. It is a kind of regimen into

which every man may put himself, without interruption to business, expense of money, or loss of time. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Define languished, under, to no purpose, at length, fable, method, drugs, artificially, mall, sultan, medicaments, compositions, (does not this mean medicines composed of different ingredients ?) remove, allegory, beneficial, temperance, regimen.



1 IF it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge. He 2 hath disgraced me, and hindered me of half a million, laugh

ed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation,

thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine ene3 mies. And what's his reason? 4 I am a Jew. Hath not a

Jew eyes ? hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, 5 affections, passions ? is he not fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter

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6 and summer, as a Christian is ? If you prick us, do we not bleed ? if you

tickle us, do we not laugh ? if you poison us, do we not die ? and, if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? 7 If we are like you in the rest, we will resemble you in that. 8 If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility? 9 Re10 venge. If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his suffer11 ance be by Christian example? Why, revenge. The villany 12 you teach me, I will execute; and it shall go hard, but I

will better the instruction. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Define revenge, hindered, laughed it, losses, mocked, scorned, thwarted, bargains, hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions, same, weapons, summer, winter, tickle, poison, resemble. Is not something understood after “half a million” in Sent. 2d? Of ducats ? What are ducats? Ducats were at Venice, where the Jew lived, what dollars are with us: the principal coin.

SECT. CXC. OF GENESIS. 1 I now proceed to give you some short sketches of the

matter contained in the different books of the Bible, and of

the course in which they ought to be read. 2 The first book, Genesis, contains the most grand, and to

us, the most interesting events, that ever happened in the universe: the creation of the world, and of man: the deplorable fall of man, from his first state of excellence and bliss, to the distressed condition in which we see all his descendants continue: the sentence of death pronounced on Adam, and on all his race, with the reviving promise of that deliverance which has since been wrought for us by our blessed Saviour: the account of the early state of the world; of the universal deluge: the division of mankind into different nations and languages: the story of Abraham, the founder of the Jewish people; whose unshaken faith and obedience, under the severest trial human nature could sustain, obtained such favor in the sight of God, that he vouchsafed to style him his friend, and promised to make of his posterity a great nation; and that in his seed (that is, in one of his descend. ants) all the kingdoms of the earth should be blessed : this, you will easily see, refers to the Messiah, who was to be the

blessing and deliverance of all nations. 3 It is amazing that the Jews, possessing this prophecy

among many others, should have been so blinded by preju..



dice, as to have expected, from this great personage, only a temporal deliverance of their own nation from the subjection to which they were reduced under the Romans: it is equally amazing, that some Christians should, even now, confine the blessed effects of his appearance upon earth, to this or that particular sect or profession, when he is so clearly and emphatically described as the Saviour of the whole world. DEFINITIONS, &c.—What means short sketches ? course ? interesting ? vents ? deplorable ? the fall of man ? (from what did man fall ?) descendo ants ? promise ? wrought ? language? style ? Messiah ? prophecy? Who were the Romans ? What mean universe and universal deluge in Sent 2d? vouchsafed?

SECT. CXCI.--DOVER CLIFFS. 1 Come on, Sir : here's the place' ; stand still.

How fearful 'tis to cast one's eyes so low !
3 The crows and choughs, that wing the midway air,
4 Show scarce so gross as beetles. Half way down,

Hangs one that gathers samphire. Dreadful trade!
Methinks he seems no bigger than one's head;
The fishermen that walk upon the beach,
Appear like mice; and yon tall anchoring bark

Seems lessened to a cock: her cock, a buoy
6 Almost too small for sight. The murmuring surge,

That on th' unnumbered idle pebbles chases, 7 Cannot be heard so high. I'll look no more,

Lest my brain turn, and the disorder make me

Tumble down headlong. DEFINITIONS, &c.—The speaker in this piece pretends to be looking down from the top of Dover Cliff. In what part of England is Dover ? Defino crows, choughs, beetles, samphire, trade, methinks, seems, bigger, beach, mice, anchoring bark, buoy, murmuring surge, pebbles, chases, brain, headlong

SECT. CXCII. SUMMARY PUNISHMENT. 1 It was under the burning influence of revenge that the

wife of MacGregor commanded that the hostage exchanged

for her husband's safety should be brought into her presence. 2 I believe her sons had kept this unfortunate wretch out of

her sight, for fear of the consequences; but if it was so, 8 their humane precaution only postponed his fate. They



dragged forward at her summons a wretch, already half dead with terror, in whose agonized features I recognised, to my

horror and astonishment, my old acquaintance Morris. 4 He fell prostrate before the female chief, with an effort to

clasp her knees, from which she drew back, as if his touch had been pollution ; so that all he could do in token of the

extremity of his humiliation, was to kiss the hem of her plaid. 5 I never heard entreaties for life poured forih with such agony 6 of spirit'. The ecstasy of fear was such, that, instead of

paralyzing his tongue, as on ordinary occasions, it even rendered him eloquent; and, with cheeks as pale as ashes, hands compressed in agony, eyes that seemed to be taking their last look of all mortal objects, he prayed but for life: for life he would give all he had in the world : it was but life he asked ; life, if it were to be prolonged under tortures and privations : he asked only breath, though it should be drawn

in the depths of the lowest caverns of their hills. 7 It is impossible to describe the scorn, the loathing, and

contempt, with which the wife of MacGregor regarded this

wretched petitioner for the poor boon of existence. 8 She gave a brief command in Gaelic to her attendants,

two of whom seized upon the prostrate suppliant, and hurried 9 him to the brink of a cliff which overhung the flood. He

set up the most piercing and dreadful cries, that fear ever uttered: I may well term them dreadful, for they haunted my sleep for years afterwards. DEFINITIONS, &c.—Burning_inflaming, exciting, maddening. Hostage -a person placed in the hands of the enemy during war, as a pledge for the safety of another. Define unfortunate, wretch, humane, precaution, postponed, summons, prostrate, effort, clasp, pollution, hem, ecstasy, paralyzing ordinary, eloquent, pale, life, tortures, privations, boon, cliff, haunted, afterwards.

SECT. CXCIII.- .-SOME QUEER FELLOWS. 1 “QUEER fellow! 2 Truly, that is the proper name for

all those who do not succumb to the common-places and dis3 orders of the age. Diogenes of Sinope was regarded as a

fool; Cato the Censor was considered a pedant by the Romans; Columbus was pointed at as a crazy man in the streets of Madrid; Olavides was condemned to the Inquisition; Rousseau driven from his asylum among the Bernese; and

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