## The Elements of Euclid: The Errors, by which Theon, Or Others, Have Long Ago Vitiated These Books, are Corrected and Some of Euclid's Demonstrations are Restored. Also, to this Second Edition is Added the Book of Euclid's Data. In Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, together with the eleventh and twelfth |

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Page 51

THEOR ( F a straight line be divided into two equal , and also into two unequal

parts ; the squares of the two unes qual parts , are together double of the square

of

the ...

THEOR ( F a straight line be divided into two equal , and also into two unequal

parts ; the squares of the two unes qual parts , are together double of the square

of

**half**the line , and of the square of the line between the points of section . Letthe ...

Page 244

F from the greater of two unequal magnitudes there be taken more than its

and from the remainder more than its

remain a magnitude less than the least of the proposed magDitudes . Let AB and

C be ...

F from the greater of two unequal magnitudes there be taken more than its

**half**,and from the remainder more than its

**half**; and so on . there shall at lengthremain a magnitude less than the least of the proposed magDitudes . Let AB and

C be ...

Page 247

In Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, Robert Simson. bout the circle ;

and the circle is less than the square described about Book XII . it ; therefore the

square EFGH is greater than

...

In Like Manner Corrected. viz. the first six books, Robert Simson. bout the circle ;

and the circle is less than the square described about Book XII . it ; therefore the

square EFGH is greater than

**half**of the circle . Divide the circumferences EF , FG...

Page 262

Book XII greater than the

a prism of the same altitude with the cylinder ; this prism is greater than

cylinder ; because if a square be described about the circle , and a prism ...

Book XII greater than the

**half**of the circle ABCD + . upon the square ABCD erecta prism of the same altitude with the cylinder ; this prism is greater than

**half**of thecylinder ; because if a square be described about the circle , and a prism ...

Page 263

Nor can the cylinder be less than the triple of the cone . let it be less if possible .

therefore , inversely , the cone is greater than the third part of the cylinder . In the

circle ABCD describe a square , this square is greater than the

Nor can the cylinder be less than the triple of the cone . let it be less if possible .

therefore , inversely , the cone is greater than the third part of the cylinder . In the

circle ABCD describe a square , this square is greater than the

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### Common terms and phrases

added alſo altitude angle ABC angle BAC baſe BC is given becauſe Book Book XI caſe circle circle ABCD circumference common cone cylinder Definition demonſtrated deſcribed diameter divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equimultiples exceſs fame fides firſt folid fore four fourth given angle given in poſition given in ſpecies given magnitude given ratio given ſtraight line greater Greek half join leſs likewiſe magnitude manner meet muſt oppoſite parallel parallelogram perpendicular plane priſm produced PROP proportionals Propoſition pyramid reaſon rectangle remaining right angles ſame ſecond ſegment ſhall ſhewn ſides ſimilar ſolid ſquare ſquare of AC taken THEOR theſe third thro triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 5 - Let it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point.

Page 163 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 48 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the squares of the whole line, and of one of the parts, are equal to twice the rectangle contained by the whole and that part, together with the square of the other part. Let the straight line AB be divided into any two parts in the point C; the squares of AB, BC are equal to twice the rectangle AB, BC, together with the square of AC.

Page 73 - The straight line drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle, from the extremity of it, falls without the circle; and no straight line can be drawn from the extremity between that straight line and the circumference, so as not to cut the circle...

Page 105 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz. either the sides adjacent to the equal...

Page 3 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 167 - Similar triangles are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.

Page 54 - AB be the given straight line ; it is required to divide it into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 47 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 37 - To describe a parallelogram that shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.