The Growth of English Industry and Commerce

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Contents

Human WeLfare
3
which were due to the discoveries at the close of the fifteenth century were
5
lution which began in England entails a complete alteration of social
7
the formation of capital rendered it possible to give effeot to these schemes
12
National Ambition for Maritime Power The rising patriotio
13
THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH
20
choice of employments so as to favour rural districts and corporate towns
25
stimulated the coal trade which had been growing through the demand
28
The War and Fluctuations in Maritime Intercourse The
256
frequent temptation to overtrading while Pitt used his power of borrowing
258
evitable difficulties of transition were aggravated by the fluctuations of trade
262
had been successful in both its objects for many years that of 1773
264
The Humanitarians and Robert Owen English public opinion
266
Most of the evils which were brought to light had attached to cottage
270
the African trade Several Companies were organised in succession under
278
successful jointstock Company The enterprise was opened up by French
284

wages should be assessed according to plenty or scarcity Parliament
44
overcome The granting of monopolies began with mining and metallurgical
53
and punish offences in connection with buying and selling The local
85
mediate steps were taken for restoring the silver coinage public suspicion
127
were chiefly of foreign issues and after the recoinage of silver it
137
Moneyed Men Banking business was being regularly practised by English
148
The Beginnings op Expansion
149
increased supply of silver available in the sixteenth century but it is not easy
164
The Statute of Artificers In Elizabeths reign the rules
167
the banking system of the day as it existed on the continent where
170
The Encouragement of Shipping Burleigh began the systematic
171
to the nation at that time was disadvantageous to the outports which were
176
contrast between the high aims of the Stuarts and the notorious corruption
180
of the Crown The Portuguese marriage and the treaty with Spain
186
clusive body through the first half of the eighteenth century The Turkey
193
Reasons for Colonisation During the seventeenth century
200
was continuously advancing daring the seventeenth century there
202
plantations was committed either to noble proprietors who had
204
controlled the administrative system The legislative method of fostering
211
made deliberate efforts to foster native industries and granted patents
212
Privileged Companies for Commerce
214
League were finally ousted from their privileged position and the Merchant
223
from time to time discussions which throw light on contemporary social
237
new processes nor of new implements had such marked results as
244
revolution first occurred through the inventions which Arkwright rendered
248
new power over the plantations in a jealous spirit as they were afraid
291
occurred in the local distribution of industry can sometimes be explained
294
view of maintaining the quality of goods arrangements were made
312
foundations were laid for English Empire in America Africa and Iudia
331
the chief force at work Virginia and tbe West India Islands attracted
342
The Landed Interest
372
century 37
379
phleteers treated economic questions according to empirical methods
380
the progress of the country appeared to be given by the prosperity
386
and other countries seemed to be shown by the balance of trade which
395
PARLIAMENTARY COLBERTISM
403
Public Finance
419
CoRRENCY AND CREDIT
431
which advanced money on more favourable terms than the goldsmiths
441
ditions of Credit were imperfectly recognised Business assumed a specu
450
ParLiamentary ReguLation of CommerciaL DeveLopment
456
rampant The malpractice of the officials and the impoverished condition
471
for the employment of shipping the statesmen of the day maintained their
483
organised under Elizabeth and was developed by the establishment of
490
communication had often been projected for conveying corn and the
532
Spirited Proprietors and Substantial Tenants
540
progress of improvement and enclosure put an end to subsistence farming
560
The encouragement of the English landed interest reacted unfavourably
580
American revolt to treat Ireland more favourably The Irish in 1783
588
were habitually taken to open and retain foreign markets for English cloth
603

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