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CONTENTS.

PAGE

Introduction To The Second Edition . . . . v

No. L

The Cabinet 1

No. II.

The Monarchy 33

No. III.

The Monarchy {Continued) 57

No. IV.

The House Op Lords 89

No. V.

The House or Commons 130

No. VI.

On Changes Op Ministry 170
No. VII.

PAGE

Its Supposed Checks And Balances 219

No. VIII.

The Pre-requisites Op Cabinet Government, And The
Peculiar Form Which They Have Assumed In England. 254

No. IX.

Irs History, And The Effects Of That History.Con-
Clusion 272

INTRODUCTION

TO

THE SECOND EDITION.

There is a great difficulty in the way of a writer who attempts to sketch a living Constitution—a Constitution that is in actual work and power. The difficulty is that the object is in constant change. An historical writer does not feel this difficulty: he deals only with the past; he can say definitely, the Constitution worked in such and such a manner in the year at which he begins, and in a manner in such and such respects different in the year at which he ends; he begins with a definite point of time and ends with one also. But a contemporary writer who tries to paint what is before him is puzzled and perplexed; what he sees is changing daily. He must paint it as it stood at some one time, or else he will be putting side by side in his representations things which never were contemporaneous in reality. The difficulty is the greater because a writer who deals with a living government naturally

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