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Grant of Privy Seal:"6th June 1655, To Major Robert Sedg“wick, £ 1,793. 78. 8 d., in full of his Account for service done " against the French.” And
Ditto, “28th July 1656, to Captain John Leverett, £4,482. “38. 11;d., in full satisfaction of all sums of money due to him “upon Account of his receipt and disbursements about the "Forts taken from the French in America, and of his Salary for “760 days, at 15 s. per diem.”*
Oliver kept his Forts and his Acadie, through all French Treaties, for behoof of his New-Englanders: not till after the Restoration did the country become French again, and continue such for a century or so.
9. Is a small domestic matter:
For Colonel Alban Cor, in Hertfordshire.
Whitehall, 24th April 1655. Having occasion to speak with you upon some Affairs relating to the Public, I would have you, as soon as this comes to your hands, to repair up hither; and upon your coming, you shall be acquainted with the particular reasons of my sending for you.
I rest, your loving friend,
OLIVER P. *
At Blackdown House in Sussex, now and for long past the residence of a family named Yaldwin, are preserved two Letters Patent signed “Oliver P.," of date 3d December 1656, appointing “William Yaldwin Esq.” High Sheriff of Sussex. Printed in Dallaway's Rape of Arundel (p. 363); need not be reprinted here.
SUFFOLK YEOMANRY. THE Suffolk Commission for a select mounted County-Militia, still remains; one remaining out of many that have perished.
* Fourth Report of Deputy Keeper of the Public Records (London, 1843), Appendix ii. p. 192; Fifth Report (London, 1844), Appendix ii. p. 260.
Š Gentleman's Magazine (London, 1788), lviii. 379.
Addressed to the Humphrey Brewster whom we have occasionally met with before. * Instructions unto Colonel Humphrey Brewster, commissionated by his High
ness the Lord Protector 10 be Captain of a Troop of Korse to be raised ' within the County of Suffolk, for the service of his Highness and the Commonwealth.
1. You shall forthwith raise, enlist, and have in readinese under your command as Captain, and such Lieutenant, Cornet and Quarter-Master as his Highness shall commissionate for that purpose, One-hundred able Soldiers, the three Corporals included, well mounted for service, and armed with one good sword and case of pistols, holsters, saddle, bridle, and other furniture fit for war, to serve as a Troop of Horse in the service of the Commonwealth, as is hereafter required.
2. You shall use your utmost endeavour that the said Troops shall be men of good life and conversation; and before their being listed shall promise that they will be true and faithful to his Highness the Lord Protector and the Commonwealth, against all who shall design or attempt any thing against his Highness's Person, or endeavour to disturb the public Peace. And the like engagement shall be taken by the Lieutenant, Cornet and Quarter-Master of the said Troop.
3. You shall be ready to draw forth and muster the said Troop, armed and fitted as aforesaid, upon the 25th day of December next ensuing, from which time the said Troop, Officers and Soldiers, shall be deemed to be in the actual service of his Highness and the Commonwealth, and be paid accord. ingly. And you shall also draw forth the said Troops four times in every year within the county of Suffolk, completely furnished as before mentioned, to be raised and mustered by such persons as shall from time to time be appointed by the Protector.
4. You shall also at all other times have the said Troops in all readiness as aforesaid at forty-eight hours' warning, or sooner if it may be, whensoever his Highness, or such as he shall appoint for that purpose, shall require the same for the suppressing of any invasion, rebellion, insurrection, or tumult,
Antea, vol. iv. p. 384.
or performing of any other service within England and Wales. And in case that any of the said service shall continue above the space of Twenty-eight days in one year, the said Officers and Soldiers shall, after the expiration of the said Twentyeight days, be paid according to the establishment of the Army then in force, over and besides what is agreed to be paid unto them by these presents, for so long as they shall continue in the said service.
5. That in case any shall make default in appearance, without just and sufficient cause, or shall not be mounted, armed and provided as afore-said, or shall offend against good manners or the laws of war; that every person so offending shall be liable to such punishment as the Captain or chief Officer present with the Troops, with advice of the persons appointed to take the said musters, shall think fit: provided the said punishment extends no further than loss of place or one year's pay.
6. That in consideration of the service to be performed as aforesaid, you shall receive for the use of the said Troop the sum of One-thousand pounds per annum, to be paid out of the public revenue by quarterly payments, to be distributed according to the proportions following: To yourself, as Captain, one-hundred pounds per annum; to the Lieutenant fifty pounds per annum; to the Quarter-Master thirteen pounds six shillings and eight-pence per annum; to each of the three Corporals, two pounds additional' per annum; one Trumpet, five pounds six shillings and four-pence per annum; and to each Soldier eight pounds per annum... "
OLIVER P.S Whitehall, 26th October 1655. :
No. 32. . .n isi its TITLE OF KING ERASED. SPEECH SHOULD-BE XV.!.4" i
1. (Vol. iv. p. 134.) 'I . .... . FINAL Speech on that matter of the Kingship (concerning which it is gracefully altogether silent); that is to say, Speech on accepting the Humble Petition and Advice, with the Title of
§ In the possession of Charles Meadows, Esq., Great Bealings, Woodbridge; a descendant of Brewster's.
King withdrawn, and that of Protector substituted as he had required: Painted Chamber, Monday, 25th May 1657.*
MR. SPEAKER, – I desire to offer a word or two unto you; which shall be but a word. I did well bethink myself, before I came hither this day, that I came not as to a triumph, but with the most serious thoughts that ever I had in all my life, to undertake one of the greatest tasks that ever was laid upon the back of a human creature. And I make no question but you will, and so will all men, readily agree with me that without the support of the Almighty I shall necessarily sink under the burden of it; not only with shame and reproach to myself, but with that that is more a thousand times, and in comparison of which I and my family are not worthy to be mentioned,
with the loss and prejudice of these Three Nations. And, that being so, I must ask your help, and the help of all those that fear God, that by their prayers I may receive assistance from the hand of God. His presence, going along, will enable to the discharge of so great a duty and trust as this is; and nothing else. will.'
Howbeit, I have some other things to desire you, I mean of the Parliament:- That seeing this is but, as it were, an introduction to the carrying-on of the government of these Nations, and forasmuch as there are many things which cannot be supplied, for the enabling to the carrying-on of this work, without your help and assistance, I think it is my duty to ask your help in them. Not that I doubted; for I believe the same spirit that hath led you to this will easily suggest the rest to you. The truth is, and I can say 'it' in the presence of God, that nothing would have induced me to have undertaken this insupportable burden to flesh and blood, had it not been that I have seen in this Parliament all along a care of doing all those things that might truly and really answer the ends that have been engaged: for you have satisfied ** your forwardness and readiness therein very fully already. 1. I thought it my duty, when your Committee which you
* Commons Journals, vil. 539, 537 (last entry there). ** Query, testified ?
were pleased to send to me to give the grounds and reasons of your proceedings to help my conscience and judgment, - I was then bold to offer to them several considerations: which were received by them, and have been presented to you. In answer to which, the Committee did bring several resolves of yours, which I have by me. I think those are not yet made so authentic and authoritative as was desired; and therefore, though I cannot doubt it, yet I thought it my duty to ask it of you, that there may be a perfecting of those things. Indeed, as I said before, I have my witness in the sight of God, that nothing would have been an argument to me, howsoever desirable great places may seem to be to other men; I say, nothing would have been an argument to me to have undertaken this; but, as I said before, I saw such things determined by you as makes clearly for the liberty of the Nations, and for the liberty and interest and preservation of all such as fear God, of all that fear God under various forms. And if God make not these Nations thankful to you for your care therein, it will fall as a sin on their heads. And therefore I say, that hath been one main encouragement.
I confess there are other things that tend to reformation, to the discountenancing of vice, to the encouragement of good men and virtue, and the completing of those things also, concerning some of which you have not yet resolyed any. thing; save to let me know by your Committee that you would not be wanting in anything for the good of these Nations. Nor do I speak it as in the least doubting it; but I do earnestly and heartily desire, to the end God may crown your work and bless you and this Government, that in your own time, and with what speed you judge fit, these things may be provided-for. §. io
Commons Journals, vii. 439-40.'.