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not improper to myself from the Party interested, forasmuch as it is the word and the faith of the Army engaged unto a performance; and understanding by what steps it hath proceeded, which this enclosed Letter of the Gentleman's will make manifest unto you: — I make bold humbly to present the Business to the Parliament.

If he desires that which is not just and honourable for you to grant, I shall willingly bear blame for this trouble, and be glad to be denied: but if it be just and honourable, and tends to make good the faith of your servants, I take the boldness then to pray he may stand or fall according to that. And this desire, I hope, is in faithfulness to you; and will be so judged. I take leave; and rest, Sir,

Your most humble servant,

Oliver Cromwell. §

No. 21.

Letter To The Speaker In Behalf Of Colonel Clayton.

i[Vol. Hi. p. 67.] j

. .'To the.Right Honourable William Letithall, Esquire, Speaker of the

\Parliament of England: These.'i i

Sir, Edinburgh, 10th May 1651.

I am very desirous to make an humble motion unto you on the behalf of Colonel Randall Clayton; — who, being taken prisoner* when I was in Ireland, was with some other Officers judged to die, as those that had formerly served the Parliament, but were then partakers with the Lord Inchiquin in his Revolt: and although the rest suffered, according to the sentence passed upon them, yet, with the advice of the chief Officers, I thought meet to give him, the said Colonel Randall Clayton, his life, as one that is furnished with large abilities for the service of his Country: and indeed there was the appearance of such remorse, and of a work of grace upon his spirit, that I am apt to believe be will hereafter prove an useful member unto the State, upon the best account.

(Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 213.)

* See Letter CXXX. and Whitlocke, p. 432.

Having thus given him his release, and observing his Christian candour, I then promised him to negotiate with the Parliament for the taking-off the sequestration that is upon his estate, which indeed is but very small. I do therefore humbly entreat you To pass such a special act of favour towards him, whereby he will be engaged and enabled to improve his interest the more vigorously, in his place, for the advantage of the Public.

I would not address such an overture to you, did I not suppose that the placing of this favour upon this person will be of very good use, and an act of much charity and tenderness. I rest,


Your most humble servant,

Ouvee Cromwell. §

No. 22.

Lettek To The Speaker In Behalf Of Colonel Borlack. [Vol. iii. p. 68.]

'7'i'o the Honourable William Lenlhall, Enquire, Speaker of the Parliament fit England: These.' *"

Sir, Edinburgh, 13th Jane 1651.

Having received the enclosed Petition and Letter from the Officers of a Court of War at Whitehall, representing unto me that the faith of the Army concerning the Articles of Truro,*, in the particular case of Colonel Nicholas Borlace, is violated; and the Petitioner himself having come hither to Scotland, desiring me to be instrumental that the said Articles be performed, and that the faith of the Army thereupon given might' be made good: — I do therefore humbly desire That the Parliament will take his case into consideration, and that his Business may receive a speedy hearing (he being already almost quite exhausted in the prosecution thereof); that so justice

§ Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 272.)

* Hopton'a Surrender, 11th March 1615-6 (Antea, i. 233); a hurried Treaty, which gave rise to much doubting and pleading, in other instances than this.

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may be done unto him, and that the faith of the Army may be
preserved, I crave pardon for this trouble; and rest,
." Sir,

Your most humble servant,

Oliver Cromwell. §

No. 23.

March To Worcester,
[Vol. ill. p. 83]
Oliver, in his swift March from Scotland towards Wor-
cester, takes Ripon andDoncaster as stages: Provision for us
must be "in readiness against our coming.

^To the Mayor and Corporation of Doneasler: These.'
Gentlemen, Ripon, 18th August Ibm.

I intend, God willing, to be at Doncaster with the Army on Wednesday* night or Thursday morning: and forasmuch as the Soldiers will need a supply of victual, I desire you to give notice to the country, and to use your best endeavours to cause bread, butter, cheese and flesh to be brought in, and to be in readines there against our coming; for which the country shall receive ready money. Not doubting of your care herein, I rest, Your very loving friend,

Oliver Cromwell. §§

No. 24

After Worcester Battle : Letters To The Speaker.
[Vol. iii. p. 3i.]

'To the Right Honourable William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker of the
Parliament of England: These.'
SlR, Evesham, 8th September 1651.

The late most remarkable, seasonable and signal Victory, which our good God (to whom alone be ascribed all the glory) Was pleased to vouchsafe your servants against the Scottish Army at Worcester, doth, as I conceive, justly lengage me 'fffl i humfyy to present in reference thereunto this consideration:/"

I Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 276.) * Wednesday is 20th.

SS Original in the possession of Pudser Dawson, Esq., Hornby Castle, Lancashire (communicated, 19th October 1850).

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That as the Lord appeared so wonderfully in His mercies towards you, so it will be very just to extend mercy to His people, our Friends that suffered in these parts upon this occasion; and that some reparation may be made them out of the Sequestration or Estates of such as abetted this Engagement against you. The town being entered by storm, some honest men, promiscuously and without distinction, suffered by your Soldier; — which could not at that time possibly be prevented, in the fury and heat of the battle.

I also humbly present to your charity the poor distressed Wife and Children of one William Guise, of the city of Worcester, who was barbarously put to death by the Enemy for his faithfulness to the Parliament. The man (as I am credibly informed) feared the Lord; and upon that account likewise deserveth more consideration. Really, Sir, I am abundantly satisfied, that divers honest men, both in city and country, suffered exceedingly (even to the ruin of their families), by these parts being the seat of the War: and it will be an encouragement to honest men, when they are not given over to be swallowed-up in the same destruction with enemies.

I hope the Commissioners of the Militia will be very careful and discerning in the distribution of your charity. I cannot but double my desires, that some speedy course may be taken herein.

I have sent the Mayor and Sheriff of Worcester to Warwick Castle, there to attend the pleasure of Parliament concerning their Trial; I having not opportunity to try them by Court Martial. I have also taken security of the other Aldermen who remained in the city, to be forthcoming when I shall require them.

It may be well worthy your consideration, That some severity be shown to some of those of this Country, as well of quality as meaner ones, who, having been engaged in the former War, did now again appear in arms against you, I rest,| Sir,

Your most humble servant,

OliveE Crom Well. §

§ Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 378.)

'To (he Big/it Honourable William Lenlhall, Etquire, Speaker of the

Parliament of England: These.'

Sir, Chipping Norton, 8th September 1651.

I have sent this Bearer, Captain Orpyn, with the Colours taken in the late Fight; — at least as many of .them as came to my hands, for I think very many of them have miscarried, I believe the number of these sent will be about an Hundred; the remainder also being Forty or Fifty, which were taken at the Engagement in Fife.* I ask pardon for troubling you herewith; and rest,


Your inost humble servant,

Olitir Cromwell. §

No. 25.

Letter To Sister Elizareth.
[Vol. i. p. 20, note; jjj. p. 116.]
fiy accident, another curious glimpse into the Cromwell
family. "Sister Elizabeth," of whom, except the date of her
birth and that she died unmarried, ** almost nothing is known,
comes visibly to light here; "living at Ely," in very truth (as
Noble had [guessed she did); quietly boarded at some friendly
Doctor's there, in the scene and among the people always
familiar to her. She is six years older than Oliver; now and
then hears from him, we are glad to see, and receives "small
tokens of his love" of a substantial kind. For the rest, sad
news in this Letter! Son Ireton is dead of fever in Ireland;
the tidings reached London just a week ago.

For my dear Sister Mrs. Elizabeth Cromwell, at Doctor Richard Stand**
hit house at Ely: These.
Dear Sister, 'Cockpit,' 15th December 1651.

I have received divers Letters from you; I must desire you to excuse my not writing so often as you expect: my burden is not ordinary, nor are my weaknesses a few to go thorough therewith; but I have hope in a better Strength. — I have herewith sent you Twenty Pounds as a small token of my

* lnverkeithing Fight in July: aee Letter CLXXV. t Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 380). ** Antes, 1.

**« Query, not Hand f

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