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"knowledge, we shall represent it; — and in the mean time "study to approve ourselves,

"Your most humble servants,

"ph. Skippon.

"Oliver Cromwell.

"riketon."*

2. "lZo the Honourable William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker of the Commons Hou<«: Rhese.'

"Saffron Walden, 8th May 1647.

"Sir, — According to our orders sent out to the Officers of "the Army, many of them appeared at the time appointed. The "greatest failing was of Horse Officers; who, by reason of the "great distance of their quarters from this place (being some of "them above three-score miles off), could not be here: yet "there were, accidentally, some of every Regiment except "Colonel Whalley's present at our Meeting; — which was upon "Friday morning,** about ten of the clock.

"After some discourse offered unto them, About the occasion of the Meeting, together with the deep sense theParlia"ment had of some Discontents which were in the Army, and of "our great trouble also that it should be so, — we told them, "We were sent down to communicate the House of Commons' "Votes unto them; whereby their, 'the Parliament's,' care of "giving the Army satisfaction might appear: desiring them "'furthermore' To use their utmost diligence with all good "conspience and effect, by improving their interests in the "Soldiers, for their satisfaction; and that they would communi"cate to their Soldiers the Votes, together with such informa"tions as they received then from us, to the end their distemper "might be allayed. — After this had been said, and a Copy of "the Votes delivered to the Chief Officer of every respective "Regiment, to be communicated as aforesaid-, — we desired "them To give us a speedy account of the success of their "endeavours; and if in anything they needed our advice or "lassistance for furthering the work, we should be ready here at "jSaffron Walden to give it them, upon notice from them.

"We cannot give you a full and punctual account of the par

■ "A Letter from Major-General" (elsewhere called Field-Marshal) "Skippon, Lieutenant-General Cromwell and Commissary General Ireton, wag this day read " (Commons Journals, 4th May 1647).

«• Friday, yesterday, not "Thursday," as at first proposed.

Ca, lyle, Cromwell. IV. 22

m

*'ticular distempers, with the grounds of them: because the "Officers were desirous to be spared therein by us, until they "might make a further inquiry amongst the Soldiers, and see "what effect your Votes and their endeavours might have with "them. We desire as speedy an .account of this business as "might well be; but, rupon the desire of the Officers, thought it "necessary for the service .to .give Ahem until Saturday next* "to bring us an account of their business, by reason the Regi"ments were so far distant.

"As anything falls out worthy of your knowledge, we shall "represent it; and in the mean time study to approve ourselves, "Your most humble servants, "ph. Skippon. i... "Oliver Cromwell.

"H. Ireton. "'"''" "Charles Fleetwood." **

8. "'%o the Honourable William Lent hall, Esquire, Speaker of the Commons House: ~hese.'

"Walden, 17th May 1647.

"sir,— We having made some progress in the Business you "commanded us upon, we are bold to give you this account. "Which, although it come not with that expedition you may "expect and your other affairs require, yet we hope you will be "pleased to excuse us with the weight of the Affair: in com"parison whereof nothing that ever yet we undertook was, at "least to our apprehension, equal; and wherein, whatever the "issue prove, our greatest comfort is, That our consciences bear "us witness we have, according to our abilities, endeavoured "faithfully to serve you and the Kingdom.

"The Officers repaired to us at Saffron Walden upon Saturday last, according to appointment, to give us a return of *** "what they had in charge from us at our last Meeting; which "was, To fead your Votes to the Soldiers under their respective "commands for their satisfaction, and to improve their interest "faithfully and honestly with them to that end; and 'then' to "give us a perfect account of the effect of their endeavours, and "a true representation of the temper of the Army.

* This day week; the 15th.

** "Letter from the General Officers," " from Walden, of 8th Maii 1647, was this day read" 'twinn'u'i Journals, Tuesday, 11th May 1617). The Letter seems to be of Cromwell's writing. *** Means "response to."

"At this Meeting, we received what they had to offer to us. "Which they delivered to us in writing, by the hands of some "chosen by the rest of the Officers then present, and in the "name of the rest of the Officers and of the Soldiers under their "commands. Whioh was not done till Sunday in the evening. "At which time, and likewise before upon Saturday, we acquainted them all with a Letter from the Earl of Manchester, "expressingThat an Act of Indemnity, large and full, had passed "the House of Commons;* and that two weeks' pay more was "voted to those that were disbanded, as also to them that "undertook the service of Ireland. And, thinking fit to dismiss "the Officers to their several commands, — all but some that "were to stay here about further business, — we gave them in "charge To communicate these last Votes to their Soldiers, and "to improve |their utmost diligence and interest for their best "satisfaction.

"We must acknowledge, we found the Army under a deep "sense of some sufferings, and the common Soldiers much un"settled; whereof, that which we have to represent to you will "give you a more perfect view. Which, because it consists of "many papers, and needs some more method in the representa"tion of themftpyou than can be done by letter, and forasmuch "as we werers.ent down by you to our several charges to do our "best to keep the Soldiers in order, — we are not well satisfied, "any of us, to leave the place nor duty you sent us to, until we "have the signification of your pleasure to us. To which we "shall most readily conform; and rest,

"Your most humble servants, *7 "ph. Skippon.

"Oliver Cromwell.

"H. Ireton.

"charles Fleetwood."**

Nr. 10. Welsh Disturrances In 1648. [Vol. ii. p. 8.] 1. Some charge of Welsh misbehaviour, perhaps treachery, in the late May revolt; charge which, if founded, ought to be made good against "Edwards!" Colonel Hughes has been Governor of Chepstow, from the time when it was first taken in * Commons Journals, v. 174 (14th May 1647). ** Tanner iiaa. (in Cary, 1. 205-16.)

autumn 1645;* and, we may infer, has returned to his post since Ewers (25th May 1648) retook the Castle. Of Edwards, and his misdeeds, and his accusers, no other clear trace has occurred to me. But in Movne's Court, Monmouthshire, the seat of this Colonel |Thomas Hughes, the following old Note had turned up, and was printed in 1791.

'Cfl Colonel Hughes, Chepstow Castle.' Colonel Hughes, 'Before Pembroke,' 26th June 1648.

It's of absolute necessity that Collington and Ashe do attend the Council of War, to make good what they say of Edwards. Let it be your especial care to get them into Monmouthshire thereunto. What Mr. Herbert and Mrs. Cradock hath (sic) promised to them in point of indemnity, I will endeavour to have it performed; and I desire you to certify as much to them for their encouragement. I pray do this speedily after receipt hereof, and I shall remain

Your servant,

Oliver Cromwell. §

g2. A short Letter to the Committee of Carmarthen. The ancient "Iron-furnaces" at Carmarthen, the "Committee" sitting there, the "Paper" or Proclamation from the Leaguer: these, and the other points of this Letter, will be intelligible to the reader.

For my noble Friends the Committee of Carmarthen: ^fiese.
Gentlemen, The Leaguer before Pembroke, 9th June 1648.

I have sent this Bearer to you to desire we may have your furtherance and assistance in procuring some necessaries to be cast in the Iron-furnaces in your county of Carmarthen, which will the better enable us to reduce the Town and Castle of Pembroke.

The principal things are: Shells for our Mortarpiece; the depth of them we desire may be of fourteen inches and threequarters of an inch. That which I desire at your hands is, To cause the service to be performed, and that with all possible expedition; that so, if it be the will of God, the service being done, these poor wasted countries may be freed from the burden of the Army.

* Commons Journals, iv. 321 and v. 115.

I The Topographer, edited by Sir £. Bridges (London, March 1791), iv. 125-9.

In the next place, we desire some D cannon-shot, and some culverin-shot, may with all possible speed be cast for us, and hasted to us also. .,

We give you thanks for your care in helping us with bread and [word lost]. You do herein a very special service to the State; and I do most earnestly desire you to continue herein, according to our desire in the late Letters. I desire that copies of this Paper* may be published throughout your county, and the effects thereof observed; for the ease of the county, and to avoid the wronging of the country men.

Not doubting the continuance of your care to give assistance to the Public in the services we have in hand, I rest, Your affectionate servant,

0. Cromwell. §

8. In the Town Archives of Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, are the following three Papers; footmarks, still visible, of Oliver's transit through those parts. Twelfth July, date of the. first Paper, is the morrow after Pembroke surrendered.

(a.) "go the. Mayor and Aldermen of Haverfordwest.

"We being authorised by Parliament to view and consider "what Garrisons and Places of Strength are fit to be de"molished; and we finding that the Castle of Haverford is not "tenable for the services of the State, and yet that it may be "possessed by ill-affected persons, to the prejudice of the peace "of these parts: These are to authorise you to summon-in the "Hundred of Roose and the inhabitants of the Town and "County of Haverfordwest; and that they forthwith demolish "the several walls and towers of the said Castle; so as that the "said Castle may not be possessed by the Enemy, to the endangering of the peace of these parts. ■' • A • • • .!

"Given under our hands, this 12th of July 1648. "roger Lort. Johnlort. "Samson Lort. Thomas Barlowe.

* Some Proclamation seemingly, — of the conceivable sort. S Bray ley's Graphic and Historical Illustrator (London, 1834), p. 355. "Original in the hands of Richard Williams, Esq., Stapleton Hall, Hornsey."

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