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cannons to secure his, and laid his Musketeers strongly in the hedges. We beat-off his cannon, fell down upon his Musketeers, beat them off from their strength, and, where our Horse could scarcely pass two abreast, I commanded Major Bethel to charge them with two Troops of about one-hundred-andtwenty Horse. Which he performed with the greatest gal. lantry imaginable; - beat back two bodies of the Enemy's Horse, being Goring's own Brigade; brake them at sword'spoint. The Enemy charged him with near 400 fresh Horse; set them all going, – until, oppressed with multitudes, he brake through them, with the loss not of above three or four men. Major Desborow seconded him, with some other of those Troops, which were about three. Bethel faced about; and they both routed, at sword's-point, a great body of the Enemy's Horse. Which gave such an unexpected terror to the Enemy's Army, that it set them all a-running. Our Foot, in the mean time, coming on bravely, and beating the Enemy from their strength, we presently had the chase to Langport and Bridgewater. We took and killed about 2000, – brake all his Foot. We have taken very many Horses, and considerable Prisoners. What are slain we know not. We have the Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance; Colonel Preston, Colonel Heveningham, Colonel Slingsby, we know of, besides very many other Officers of quality. All Major-General Massey's party was with him, seven or eight miles from us, - and about twelve-hundred of our Foot, and three Regiments of our Horse. So that we had but Seven Regiments with us.

Thus you see what the Lord hath wrought for us. Can any creature ascribe anything to itself? Now can we give the glory to God, and desire all may do so, for it is all due unto Him! Thus you have Long-Sutton mercy added to Naseby mercy. And to see this, is it not to see the face of God! You have heard of Naseby: it was a happy victory. As in this, so in that God was pleased to use His servants; and if men will be malicious, and swell with envy, we know Who hath said, If they will not see, yet they shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at His people. - I can say this of Naseby, That when I san

the Enemy draw up and march in gallant order towards us, and we a company of poor ignorant men, to seek how to order our battle, – the General having commanded me to order all the Horse, – I could not, riding alone about my business, but smile out to God in praises, in assurance of victory, because God would, by things that are not, bring to naught things that are. Of which I had great assurance; and God did it. O that men would therefore praise the Lord, and declare the wonders that He doth for the children of men!

I cannot write more particulars now. I am going to the rendezvous of all our Horse, three miles from Bridgewater; we march that way. — It is a seasonable mercy. I cannot better tell you than write, That God will go on! – We have taken two guns, three carriages of ammunition. In the chase, the Enemy quitted Langport; when they ran out of one end of the Town, we entered the other. They fired that at which we should chase; which hindered our pursuit: but we overtook many of them. I believe we got near Fifteen-hundred Horse.

Sir, I beg your prayers. Believe, and you shall be established. I rest;

Your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL. ' * A couple of months after this battle, Oliver is before Winchester, and makes this Summons:

To the Slayor of the City of Winchester. .

Before Winchester,' 28th September 1645, ** ¿

5. o'clock at night. I come not to this City but with a full resolution to save it, and the Inhabitants thereof, from ruin.

I have commanded the soldiers, upon pain of death, That". no wrong be done: – which I shall strictly observe; only I. expect you give me Entrance into the City, without neces. sitating me to force my way; which if I do, then it will not be

& Pamphlet in Lincoln College, Oxford, no. 10: "Battles of Sieges." Letter entitled “The Copy of Lieutenant-General Cromwell's Letter to a. worthy Member of the House of Commons, published by Authority, London,

SIR,

in my power to save you or it. I expect your Answer within half an hour; and rest

Your humble servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.

No. 9.
ARMY TROUBLES IN 1647.

(Vol. i. p. 274.) Tux Vote "that Field-Marshal Skippon, Lieutenant-General Cromwell, Commissary-General Ireton and Colonel Fleetwood," all Members of this House, “shall proceed to their charges in the Army," and endeavour to quiet all distempers there, — was passed on the 30th of April: day of the Three Troopers and Army Letter, and directly on the back of that occurrence.* They went accordingly, perhaps on the morrow, and proceeded te business; but as nothing specific came of them, or could come, all the sth or Mar, that day is taken as the date of the lepratation - Here are Three Letters from them; one prior and ane pasteptar; which, copied from the Tanner XSS., have * Anta paring, but cannot throw much light on the affair.

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“knowledge, we shall represent it; — and in the mean time
“study to approve ourselves,
" "Your most humble servants,

“PA. SKIPPON.
“OLIVER CROMWELL.
"H. IRETON.” *

2. “Eo the Honourable William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker of the Commons

House: ghese.' .

“Saffron Walden, 8th May 1647. “SIR, – According to our orders sent out to the Officers of “the Army, many of them appeared at the time appointed. The "greatest failing was of Horse Officers; who, by reason of the “great distance of their quarters from this place (being some of "them above three-score miles off), could not be here: yet “there were, accidentally, some of every Regiment except “ Colonel Whalley's present at our Meeting; — which was upon “Friday morning, ** about ten of the clock.

“After some discourse offered unto them, About the oc“casion of the Meeting, together with the deep sense the Parlia"ment had of some Discontents which were in the Army, and of “our great trouble also that it should be so, we told them, “We were sent down to communicate the House of Commons' “Votes unto them; whereby their, 'the Parliament's,' care of “giving the Army satisfaction might appear: desiring them w furthermore' To use their utmost diligence with all good “conscience and effect, by improving their interests in the “Soldiers, for their satisfaction; and that they would communi"cate to their Soldiers the Votes, together with such informa“tions as they received then from us, to the end their distemper "might be allayed. — After this had been said, and a Copy of “the Votes delivered to the Chief Officer of every respective “Regiment, to be communicated as aforesaid, we desired “them To give us a speedy, account of the success of their "endeavours; and if in anything they needed our advice or "assistance for furthering the work, we should be ready here at “Saffron Walden to give it them, upon notice from them. "

“We cannot give you a full and punctual account of the par

"A Letter from Major-General" (elsewhere called Field-Marshal) "Skippon, Lieutenant-General Cromwell and Commissary General Ireton, was this day read" (Commons Journals, 4th May 1647).

** Friday, yesterday; not “Thursday," as at first proposed. Carlyle, Cromwell. IV.

22

Part of them likewise betook themselves to a strong House in Bletchington; where Colonel Windebank kept a Garrison, with near Two-hundred horse and foot therein. Which, after surrounding it, I summoned: - but they seemed very dilatory in their answer. At last, they sent out Articles to me of Surrender, which I have sent your Honour enclosed :* - and after a large treaty thereupon, the Surrender was agreed upon between us. They left behind them between Two and Three hundred muskets, Seventy horses; besides other arms and ammunition. - I humbly rest,

Your honour's humble servant, :

OLIVER CROMWELL.S

No. 7. .. ... isos a BATTLE OF NASEBY. BURIAL OF COLONEL PICKERING. Two

LETTERS CONCERNING Ely.

(Vol. i. p. 212, 336.] (a.) THE following very rough Notes of a studious Tourist will perhaps be acceptable to some readers. Notes dashed down evidently in the most rough-and-ready manner, but with a vigilant eye both on the Old Books and on the actual Ground of Naseby; taken, as appears, in the year 1842.

· "Battle of Naseby, 14th June 1645: From Sprigge (London, 61647); Rushworth, vi. (London, 1701); Old Pamphlets; and " the Ground.

Fairfax's Stages towards Naseby (Sprigge, p. 30 et seqq.). 66 Wednesday, 11th June, a rainy day: Marched from Stony “Stratford to Wootton,' – three miles south of Northampton. "Bad quarters there: 'but the Mayor came,' &c.— Thursday, 612th June: From Wootton to (not Guilsborough four miles 6 west of Northampton,' as Sprigge writes, but evidently) 6 Kislingbury and the Farmsteads round. The King 'lies enscamped on Burrough Hill' (five miles off); has been hunting,' o this day: ‘his horses all at grass.' The night again wet; "Fairfax, riding about, all night, on the spy is stopped by one 1 of his own sentries, &c.; "at Flower' (near Weedon), sees the “King's Forces all astir on the Burrough Hill, about four in the “morning; “firing their huts;' rapidly making off, — North

* Given in Rushworth, vi. 24.
§ King's Pamphlets, small 4to, no. 203, 8 7. .

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