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Speech XI. Second Conference with the same, IS April 1657. . , 53

Endeavours to rebut their arguments, used in the

former Conference, in favour [of (the Title. Not of
necessity; at best (only of expediency or advantage.
John Hampden and the Ironsides. Leaves the matter
undecided: Conference to be renewed.

— XII. Third Conference with the same, 20 April 1G57 . . 75

Repliestotheir argument drawn fromtLaw; contends

that whatever Title they, the Parliament, establish, be
it that of Protector or another, will be law. For the
rest, the matter not an essential; unimportant in com-
parison with others in this New Instrument of Govern-
ment,—to which others let us rather address ourselves.
Conference to be renewed on the morrow.

— XIII. Fourth Conference with the Committee of Ninety-

nine, 21 April 1657 86

Animadverts on various Articles of the Petition and

Advice, or New Instrument, which seem to require re-

consideration: leaves that of the Kingship unmeddied

with.

— XIV. To the Second Protectorate Parliament in a body,

8 May 1657 129

Briefly refuses the Title of King.

— XV. To the same Parliament, 9 June 1657, on the Presen-

tation of some Bills for assent .... 134

. Thanks for their Supplies of Money, as the custom is.

Letter CCXVIIL To Gen. Blake: Whitehall, 10 June 1657 . . 136

Jewel for the Victory at Santa Cruz.

— CCXIX. To Gen. Montague: Whitehall, 11 Aug. 1657 . 139

Order to sail.'

— CCXX. To J. Dunch, Esq.: Hampton Court, 27 Aug. 1657 140

To call at Hampton Court.

— CCXXI. To Gen. Montague: Hampton Court, 30 Aug. 1657 140

In sanction of his treatment of the Dutch ships.

— CCXXII. To SirW. Lockhart: Whitehall, 31 Aug. 1657 141

Mardike and Dunkirk. Peremptory: To bring Ma-

zarin to the point.

— CCXXIII. To the same: same date . . . . . 146

Same subject.

— CCXXIV. To Gen. Montague: Whitehall, 2 Oct. 1657 . 147

Christian Denokson to strengthen Mardike.

Speech XVI. To the Two Houses of Parliament; Opening of the

Second Session of the Second Protectorate Par-

liament, 20 Jan. 1657-8 155

Reasons for thankfulness in such a Meeting: Reli-
gious Liberty, the great object of our struggles, gained,

Page1

and in the way of being made secure; Peace hitherto;

a Godly Ministry. Understand the works of God,

what God has done for you; — and persevere and

prosper.

Speech XVII. To the Two Houses of Parliament; the Commons
having raised debates as to the Title of the
other House, 25 Jan; 1657-8 . ... 165
Perils of the Nation; perils of the Protestant Inter-
est in Europe at large; pressing need there is of una-
nimity. Exhortation and Remonstrance: Do not sacri-
fice great vital interests for titles and niceties.

— XVIII. Dissolution of the Second Protectorate Parliament,

4 Febr. 1657-8 191

What he might have expected in this Meeting of Par-

liament\what he has found in it: Angry debating; and

the Nation on the verge of conflagration thereby. Dis-

solves the Parliament.

Letter'CCXXV. To Sir ty. Lockhart: Whitehall, 26 May 1658 . 204

Protestants of the Valleys.

Death Of The Protectoh .- 214

1. Letter to Downhall S10

2. At Ely 811

8. Letter to Cambridge, with "Protestation" and "Preamble" . 313

4. Eastern Association: Threatened Rising of Papists in Norfolk 317

5. Gainsborough Fight 320

6. Letter to Fairfax, on the Action at Islip-Bridge andBletcbington (28

7. Battle of Naseby. Burial of Colonel Pickering. Two Letters

concerning Ely 328

8. Langport Battle. Summons to Winchester 333

9. Army Troubles in 1647 336

10. Welsh Disturbances in 1648 339

11. Letter to the Derby House Committee after Preston Battle 343

12. Letter to Derby-House Committee: March into Scotland, 1643 . 345

13. Letter in Behalf of Young Cholmely 348

14. Correspondence with the Mayor of Waterford 349

15. Exchange of Prisoners: Renegado Wogan 353

16. Ireland: Arrangements for the Administration of Justice there . 354

OLIVER CROMWELL'S
LETTERS AND SPEECHES.

PAET X.

SECOND PROTECTORATE PARLIAMENT.

1657-1658.

LETTERS CCXV., CCXVI. Two Letters near each other in date, and now by accident brought contiguous in place; which offer a rather singular constrast; the one pointing as towards the Eternal Heights, the other as towards the Tartarean Deeps! Between which two Extremes the Life of men and Lord Protectors has to pass itself in this world, as wisely as it can. Let us read them, and hasten over to the new Year Fifty-Seven, and last Department of our subject.

LETTER CCXY.

Newcastle-upon-tyne, or the Municipal Authorities there, as we may perceive, are rather of the Independent judgment; and have a little dread of some encouragement his Highness has been giving to certain of the Presbyterian sect in those parts. This Letter ought to be sufficient reassurance.

To (he Mayor of Newcastle: To be communicated to the
Aldermen and others whom it doth concern.

Whitehall, 18th December 1656.

Gentlemen, And My Very Good Friends, My Lord Strickland, who is one of our Council, did impart to us a Letter written from yourselves to

Cartule, Cromwell. IT. 1

him, according to your desire therein expressed; which occasions this return /from us to you.

As nothing 'that may reflect to the prejudice of your outward Good, either Personal or as you are a Civil Government, shall easily pass with us; so, much less what shall tend to., your discouragement, as you are Saints, to your Congregations, gathered in that way of fellowship commonly known by the name of Independents, whether of one judgment or other: — 'this' shall be far from being actually discountenanced, or passively 'left to' suffer damage, by any applying themselves to me. I do, once for all, give you to understand, that I should thereby destroy and disappoint one of the main ends for which. God hath planted me in the station I am in.

Wherefore I desire you in that matter to rest secure. True it is that two Ministers, one Mr. Cole and one Mr. Pye, did present to me a Letter in the name of divers Ministers of Newcastle, the Bishoprick of Durham and Northumberland; of an honest and Christian purpose: the sum whereof I extracted, and returned an Answer thereunto; — a true Copy whereof I send you here enclosed. By which I think it will easily appear, that the consideration of my kindness is well deserved by them; provided they observe the condition 'there' expressed; which in charity I am bound to believe they will; and without which their own consciences and the world will know how to judge of them. »

Having said this, I, or rather the Lord, require of you, That you walk in all peaceableness and gentleness, inoffensiveness, truth and love towards them, as becomes the Servants and Churches of Christ Know

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