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when they come home! Indeed this makes the Nation not only commit those abominable things, most inhuman things, but hardens men to justify those things; - as the Apostle saith, “Not only to do wickedly themselves, but to take pleasure in them that do so." And truly, if something be not done in this kind, 'in the way of reforming public morals,' without sparing that condition of men, without sparing men's sons, though they be Noblemen's sons —! [Sentence breaks down] - Let them be who they may that are deboist, it is for the glory of God that nothing of outward consideration should save them in their debauchery from a just punishment and reformation! And truly I must needs say it, I would much bless God to see something done in that matter heartily, not only as to those persons mentioned, but to all the Nation; that some course might be taken for Reformation; that there might be some stop put to such a current of wickedness and evil as this is! And truly, to do it heartily, and nobly and worthily! The Nobility of this Nation, they especially, and the Gentry, would have cause to bless you. And likewise that some care might be taken that those good Laws already made for punishing of vice might be put in execution.
This I must needs say of our Major Generals who did that service: I think it was an excellent good thing; — I profess I do! [Yes; though there were great outcries about it.] And I hope you will not think it unworthy of you to consider,' that though we may have good Laws against the common Country disorders that are everywhere, yet Who is to execute them ‘now, the Major-Generals being off?' Really a Justice of the Peace, — he shall by the most be wondered at as an owl, if he go but one step out of the ordinary course of his fellow Justices in the reformation of these things! [Cannot do it; not he. And therefore I hope I may represent this to you as a thing worthy your consideration, that something may be found out to repress such evils. I am persuaded you would glorify God by this as much as by any one thing you could do. And therefore I hope you will pardon me.
[His Highness looks to the Paper again, after this Digression. Article Fifteenth in his Highness's copy of the Paper, as we understand, must have provided, “That no part of the Public Revenue be alienated except by consent of Parliament:" but his Highness having thus remonstrated against it, the Article is suppressed, expunged; and we only gather by this passage that such a thing had ever been.]
I cannot tell, in this Article that I am now to speak unto, whether I speak to anything or nothing! There is a desire that 'no part of "the Public Revenue be alienated except by consent of Parliament.” I doubt “Public Revenue” is like “Custodes Libertatis Angliæ;" a notion only; and not to be found that I know of! (It is all alienated; Crown Lands &c. are all gone, long ago. A beautiful dream of our youth as the “Keepers of the LIBERTY of England” were 'a thing you could nowhere lay hands on, that I know. of!] But if there be any, and if God bless us in our Settlement, there will be Public Revenue accruing the point is, Whether you will subject this to any alienation without consent of Parliament?
(We withdraw the question altogether, your Highness: when once the chickens are hatched, we will speak of selling them! - Let us now read Article Sixteenth:
“ Article Sixteenth," in his Highness's copy of the Paper,
"provides that no Act or Ordinance already extant, which is "not contrary to this Petition and Advice, shall be in the least "made void hereby." — His Highness, as we shall se, considers this as too indefinite, too indistinct; a somewhat vague foundation for Church-Land Estates (for example), which men purchased with money, but hold only in virtue of Writs and Ordinances issued by the Long Parliament. - A new Article is accordingly added, in our Perfect-copy; specifying, at due breadth, with some hundreds of Law-vocables, that all is and shall be safe, according to the common sense of mankind, in that particular.]
Truly this thing that I have now farther to offer you, - it is the last in this paper; it is the thing mentioned in the Sixteenth Article: That you would have those Acts and Ordinances which have been made since the late Troubles, and during the time of them, 'kept unabrogated;' that they should, if they be not contrary to this Advice, * — that they should remain in force, in such manner as if this Advice had not been given. Why, what is doubted is, Whether or no this will be sufficient to keep things in a settled condition ?** Because it is but an implication ‘that you here make;' it is not determined. You do pass-by the thing, without such a foundation as will keep those people, who are now in possession of Estates upon this account, that their titles be not questioned or shaken,
if the matter be not explained. Truly I believe you intend very fully in regard to this ‘of keeping men safe who have purchased on that footing.'. If the words already 'used' do not suffice That I submit to your own advisement.
But there is in this another very great considerar * Petition and Advice; but we politely suppress the former part of the ** It was long debated ; see Burton.
tion. There have been, since the present Government 'began,' several Acts and Ordinances, which have been made by the exercise of that Legislative Power that was exercised since we undertook this Government: (Very cumbrous phraseology, your Highness for indeed the subject is somewhat cumbrous. Questionable, to some, whether one can make Acts and Ordinances by a mere Council and Protector!) And I think your Instrument speaks a little more faintly 'as' to these, and dubiously, than to the other! And truly, I will not make an apology for anything: but surely two persons, two sorts of them, 'very extensive sorts,' will be merely concerned upon this account; They who exercised that authority, and they who were objects of its exercise! This wholly dissettles them; wholly, if you be 'not clear in your expressions. It will dissettle us very much to think that the Parliament doth not approve well of what hath been done 'by us' upon a true ground of necessity, in so far as the same hath saved this Nation from running into total arbitrariness. Nay, if not,' why subject the Nation to a sort of men who perhaps would do so?* We think we have in that thing deserved well of the State. [Do not “dissettle” his Highness! He has "in that thing," of assuming the Government and passing what Ordinances &c. were indispensable, "deserved well. — Committee of Ninety-nine agree to what is reasonable.]
If any man will ask me, “But ah, Sir, what have you done since?" - Why, ah, — as I will confess my fault where I am guilty, so I think, taking things as they “then' were, I think we have done the Commonwealth service! We have therein made great settlements, that have we. We have settled almost all the whole affairs in Ireland; the rights and interests of the Soldiers there, and of the Planters and Adventurers. And truly we have settled very much of the business of the Ministry; [“ Triers" diligent here, “Expurgators” diligent everywhere; much good work completed] - and I wish that be not an aggravation of our fault;*. I wish it be not! But I must needs say, If have anything to rejoice in before the Lord in this world, as having done any good or service, 'it is this. I can say it from my heart; and I know I say the truth, let any man say what he will to the contrary, - he will give me leave to enjoy my own opinion in it, and my own conscience and heart; and 'to' dare bear my testimony to it: There hath not been such a service to England since the Christian Religion was perfect in England! I dare be bold to say it; however there may have, here and there, been passion and mistakes. And the Ministers themselves, take the generality of them - ["are unexceptionable, nay exemplary as Triers aud as Expurgators:" but his Highness, blazing up at touch of this tender topic, wants to utter three or four things at once, and his “elements of rhetoric" fly into the ELEMENTAL state! We perceive he has got much blame for his Two Church Commissions; and feels that he has deserved far the reverse.] — They will tell 'you,' it is beside their instructions, if they have 'fallen into . "passion and mistakes," if they have 'meddled with civil matters, in their operations as 'Triers!' And we did adopt the thing upon that ac
* Why subject the Nation to us, who perhaps would drive it into ar. bitrariness, as your pon-approval of us seems to insinuate?