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Court, who shall return to the Council their deliverances thereon.

The Chancellor and one of the Assessors in the University Court are elected by the Council. The manner in which these officers are elected is regulated by Ordinance of the Universities Commissioners, No. 11, § ix. The President of the Council is the Chancellor; whom failing, the Rector; whom failing, the Principal; whom failing, the Senior Professor present.

The General Councils of the Universities of Glasgow and
Aberdeen jointly return a representative to Parliament.
Number of Members of the General Council, 3717.
names of Members, see Appendix.

Members of Parliament for the Universities of Glasgow
and Aberdeen.


1868. Right Hon. James Moncreiff, LL.D., Lord Advocate. 1869. Right Hon. Edward S. Gordon, LL.D., Dean of the Faculty of Advocates.

1876. Right Hon. William Watson, LL.D., Lord Advocate. 1880. JAMES ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, LL.D.


The Rector is elected by the matriculated students of the University, divided into four nations.* In the case of an equality of nations the Chancellor has the casting vote. The election takes place upon the 15th November (the 16th, if the 15th falls on Sunday); the term of office is three years. Rector is the official President of the University Court.

Rectors from 1773.

1773. Charles Cathcart, Lord Cathcart.

1775. Lord Chief Baron Montgomerie.

1777. Andrew Stewart, Esq., of Torrance.

1779. Campbell B. Cochran, Earl of Dundonald.
1781. Right Hon. Henry Dundas.

*The nations are constituted as follows:


1. The Natio Glottiana consists of all matriculated students born within the County of Lanark.

2. The Natio Transforthana consists of all matriculated students born within any of the Counties of Orkney and Shetland, Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Inverness, Cromarty, Nairn, Moray, Banff, Aberdeen, Perth, Forfar, Kincardine, Clackmannan, Fife, Kinross, Argyle, Stirling, and Dumbarton.

3. The Natio Rothseiana consists of all matriculated students born within any of the Counties of Bute, Renfrew, and Ayr.

4. The Natio Loudoniana consists of all matriculated students not included in any of the other nations.

1783. Right Hon. Edmund Burke.
1785. Robert Graham, Esq. of Gartmore.
1787. Adam Smith, LL.D.

1789. Walter Campbell, Esq. of Shawfield.
1791. Thomas Kennedy, Esq. of Dunure.
1793. William Mure, Esq. of Caldwell.
1795. William M‘Dowall, Esq. of Garthland.
1797. George Oswald, Esq. of Auchincruive.

1799. Right Hon. Sir Ilay Campbell, Lord President.
1801. William Craig, a Lord of Session.

1803. Lord Chief Baron Dundas.

1805. Henry Glassford, Esq. of Dugalston.
1807. Archibald Colquhoun, Esq. of Killermont.
1809. Archibald Campbell, Esq. of Blythswood.
1811. Lord Archibald Hamilton.

1813. Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch.
1815. David Boyle, Lord Justice Clerk.
1817. George Boyle, Earl of Glasgow.
1819. Kirkman Finlay, Esq., M.P.
1820. Francis Jeffrey, Esq., Advocate.
1822. Sir James Mackintosh, M.P.
1824. Henry Brougham, Esq., M.P.
1826. Thomas Campbell, LL.D.

1829. Heury Petty, Marquis of Lansdowne.
1831. Henry Cockburn, Esq., Solicitor-General.

1834. Lord Stanley, M.P.

1836. Sir Robert Peel, Bart., M.P.

1838. Sir J. G. R. Graham, Bart., M.P.

1840. John Campbell, Marquis of Breadalbane.

1842. Right Hon. Fox Maule, M.P.

1844. Andrew Rutherford, Esq.

1846. Lord John Russell.


Colonel Mure of Caldwell.

1848. Thomas Babington Macaulay, Esq.

1850. Archibald Alison, Esq., Sheriff of Lanarkshire.

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Viscount Palmerston.

1865. John Inglis, Lord Justice Clerk.

1868. Lord Stanley (now Earl of Derby).

1871. Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P. (Earl of


1877. Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, M.P. 1880. Right Hon. JOHN BRIGHT. M P


The University Court consists of the following members:1. The Rector. 2. The Principal. 3. The Dean of Faculties.* 5. An Assessor nominated by the Rector. 6. An Assessor elected by the General Council of the University. 7. An Assessor elected by the

4. An Assessor nominated by the Chancellor.

Senatus Academicus. †

The Dean of Faculties is elected annually by the Senate. The Rector's Assessor continues in office three years, and the other Assessors four years. The University Court has the following

powers, viz. :—

1. To review all decisions of the Senatus Academicus, and to be a Court of Appeal from the Senatus in every case, except as otherwise provided for by the Universities (Scotland) Act, 1858.

* Deans from the year 1800.

1800. James Couper, D.D.
1802. Archd. Campbell, Esq., of Succoth.
1804. Gavin Gibb, D.D.

1806. Duncan Macfarlan, D.D.
1808. Gavin Gibb, D.D.
1810. Duncan Macfarlan, D.D.
1812. Gavin Gibb, D.D.

1814. Stevenson Macgill, D.D.

1815. Archibald Campbell, Esq., M. P. 1817. Sir John Connel.

1819. Archibald Campbell, Esq., M.P. 1821. Sir John Connel.

1823. Archibald Campbell, Esq., M.P. 1825. Sir John Connel.

1827. Archibald Campbell, Esq., M.P. 1829. Sir John Connel,

1831. Archibald Campbell, Esq. 1833. Sir A. Campbell, Bart.

1835. Archibald Campbell, Esq.

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1841. Lord Dunfermline.

1843. Sir T. Makdougall Brisbane, Bart. 1845. A. Maconochie, Lord Meadowbank. 1847. Earl of Eglinton.

1849. Colonel Mure of Caldwell, M.P.
1851. W. Lockhart, Esq., M.P.
1853. Colonel Mure.

1854. W. Lockhart, Esq.

1857. W. Stirling, Esq., of Keir, M.P. 1860. J. Moncreiff, Lord Advocate. 1863. Sir A. I. Campbell of Succoth. 1865. Henry Glassford Bell, Esq. 1868. Sir James Fergusson, Bart.

1869. Sir Thos. E. Colebrooke, Bart., M.P. 1872. Archd. Orr Ewing, Esq., M.P. 1876. Alexander B. M'Grigor, LL.D. 1879. James King, Esq.

1882. R. W. COCHRAN-PATRICK, Esq., LL.D., M.P.

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2. To effect improvements in the internal arrangements of the University, after due communication with the Senatus Academicus, and with the sanction of the Chancellor, provided that all such proposed improvements shall be submitted to the Univer sity Council for their consideration.

3. To require due attention on the part of the Professors to regulations as to the mode of teaching and other duties imposed on the Professors.

4. To fix and regulate from time to time the fees in the several classes.

5. Upon sufficient cause shown, and after due investigation, to censure a Principal or Professor, or to suspend him from his office, and from the emoluments thereof, in whole or in part, for any period not exceeding one year, or to require him to retire from his office on a retiring allowance, or to deprive him of his office; and, during the suspension of any Professor, to make due provision for the teaching of his class; provided always that no such sentence of censure, suspension, or deprivation, or requisition on a Professor to retire from office, shall have any effect until it has been approved by Her Majesty in Council.

6. To inquire into and control the administration by the Senatus Academicus, or Principal and Professors, of the revenue, expenditure and all the pecuniary concerns of the University, and of any College therein, including funds mortified for bursaries and other purposes.

The Court is also intrusted with the patronage of several of the Professorships, appoints the Assistant-Examiners for Degrees, and is a court of final appeal in any dispute which may arise in making up the Register of the General Council. Five Members of the Court constitute a quorum. The Rector is President-in his absence, the Principal.

An abstract of the minutes of the meetings of the University Court during 1882-83 will be found in the Appendix.


The office of Principal or Principal Regent of the College was almost coeval with the foundation of the University, and was regulated anew by James VI, in 1577. It is in the appointment of the Crown. The Principal is President of the Senatus Academicus; and is also, ex officio, a member of the University Court.

Principals from the year 1574.

1574. Andrew Melville.
1580. Thomas Smeaton.
1582. Patrick Sharpe.
1615. Robert Boyd.
1622. John Cameron, D.D.
1626. John Strang, D.D.
1650. Robert Ramsay.
1653. Patrick Gillespie.
1661. Robert Baillie, D.D.
1662. Edward Wright.

1684. James Fall.
1690. William Dunlop.
1701. John Stirling.
1728. Neil Campbell.
1761. Wm. Leechman, D.D.
1786. Archd. Davidson, D.D.
1803. William Taylor, D.D.
1823. Duncan M'Farlan, D.D.
1858. Thomas Barclay, D.D.
1873. JOHN CAIRD, D.D.


The Senatus Academicus consists of the Principal and the whole of the Professors, and is entrusted with the ordinary superintendence and regulation of the teaching and discipline of the University, and administration of its property and The Principal, as President, has a deliberative and One-third of the Senate constitute a quorum.


a casting vote.


By ordinance No. 22 of the Universities Commissioners, of date 25th November, 1861, it was provided that an Assistant should be attached to each of the Professorships of Humanity, Greek, Mathematics, and Natural Philosophy, and two (a Teaching Assistant and a Laboratory Assistant) to the Professorship of Chemistry, each of whom should receive a salary of £100, to be annually voted by Parliament. By the same ordinance provision was made for the appointment of an Assistant to the Professor of Anatomy, who should receive a salary from the General University Fund, and of a Joint-Assistant to the Professors of Materia Medica and Forensic Medicine, who should receive a salary of £50 by annual Parliamentary vote, instead of whom (by an alteration of the ordinance sanctioned by the Queen in Council) two assistants are now appointed, one to the Professor of Materia Medica, and the other to the Professor of Forensic Medicine, each of whom receives a salary of £25. These Assistants are all appointed by the Professors, subject to the approval and control of the University Court. Besides the Assistants for whom provision is made by ordinance, there are attached to several of the classes other Assistants, appointed and paid by the Professors.

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