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could lead any one to suppose, on such a subject, that because some had already written upon it, others should refrain from directing the attention of the public to it again. No. The theme is one on which all the moral creatures of God may profitably exert their powers without interruption. The subject is indeed exhaustless-it is a theme for eternity! Every writer, too, has his own mode of treating a subject, and his own proper circle of readers, who will peruse with interest what he has written, while the superior productions of others on the same topic may never be known to exist.

On the subject of the Intercession, the number of writers has been much more limited. It is, of course, introduced in works of systematic theology, as one of the functions of the Saviour's priesthood; but it has seldom received a full and separate discussion. To be sure, it admits not of the same amplitude of remark as the other topic; but, in a practical and consolatory point of view, its interest is not exceeded even by the Atonement. The two are, however, inseparably connected; although we fear that, in this instance, men have not been always sufficiently aware of the evil of putting asunder what God has joined together. The treatise of Charnock on this point is the most complete that has come under the Author's notice.

The present work was undertaken from the impulse of motives with which, perhaps, the reader is not greatly concerned. To supply what he conceived to be a desideratum in theological literature—to counteract the evils of prevalent erroneous sentiments—and to leave, in the district which has been the scene of his labours, some memorial of those official services which have been based on the principles of Atonement and

Intercession, are among the inducements by which he was stimulated to enter upon, and to prosecute, this work. When it had been little more than begun, all progress was suspended for nearly a year, in consequence of bodily indisposition. And, even after it pleased God to give health to resume it, it has been carried forward only at such snatches of leisure as could be obtained, amid a considerable variety both of official avocation and domestic affliction.

The writer cannot close without giving expression to the gratitude he feels to Him who has permitted him to complete a work on which he had set his heart. And he now commends it, with all due humility, to the blessing of that divine Intercessor, who can render the feeblest services of his people useful to men, and acceptable to God.

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CONTENT S.

PART I.

ATON EMENT.

SECTION 1.

NATURE OF ATONEMENT.

PAGE

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INTRODUCTORY Remarks
THE THREE SYSTEMS

Socinian · .
· Middle

Catholic. . .
DEFINITION OF ATONEMENT
TERMS EXPLAINED

Atonement .
Reconciliation
Redemption
Propitiation
Satisfaction .
· Substitution

Vicarious .
Expiation ,

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SECTION II.
OBJECTIONS TO ATONEMENT CONSIDERED.

18

I. OBJEC. IT REPRESENTS THE DEITY IN AN UNFAVOURABLE LIGHT
Reply 1. The objection proceeds on a mistaken assumption of

what the atonement is designed to effect .
2. It assumes, what is not proved, that God is ready to

pardon sin without satisfaction . .

what

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