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p. 4.

IV. 19.

Index to the Old Testament.
Theocracy, the political state of the Jews, before the reign of Toleration, unlimited, in religious matters, should be allowed
Saul, Judg. iii. 10; 1 Sam. vii. 5.

under the Christian dispensation, and why, Num. xv. 14.
Theodotion, à translator of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, Tombs of the dead very sacred among the ancients, Neh. u. 5.
some account of, General Preface, p. 21.

Toozuki Teemour, beautiful saying in the, quoted, Deut.
Theodulus of Cælesyria, a commentator on the Epistle to the xxxii. 24 ; Lam. ii. 12.
Romans, General Preface, p. 4.

Topaz, description of this precious stone, Exod. xxvu. 17;
Theophilus of Antioch, a commentator on the Four Gospels, Job xxviii. 18, 19. Where found in abundance, according
General Preface, p. 4.

to Diodorus Siculus, Job xxviii. 19.
Theophylact, account of this commentator, General Preface, Toph, gn, its import, Exod. xv. 20; 1 Sam. x. 5; Job xxi.

12; Psa. lxxxi. 2.
Ocos, several citations from the Septuagint in which this word Tophet, Jerome's account of, 2 Kings xxi. 10. Derivation

with the article prefixed has the import of Oce, O God, Psa. of the name, according to the rabbins, ibid. Farther
xlv. 8.

description, Isa, xxx. 33.
Thomas, import of this name, Gen. xxv. 24.

Torah, n, its derivation and import, Exod. xii. 49; Lev.
Thracians, from whom descended, Gen. x. 2.

XXVI. 15.
Three, a mystical number in Scripture, according to Ains- Toston, (Peter) extraordinary longevity of this man, Psa. xc.,
worth, Gen. xxii. 4.

in fine.
Three and four times, a mode of expression among the Transpositions in the Hebrew text, some instances of, Isa.

ancients, denoting abundance and excess, Amos i. 3. Se. vii. 4, vii. 12; Jer. xxiv. 1.
veral examples produced, ibid.

Trap to catch rats, foxes, &c., particular description of the,
Threshing, different ways of, in use among the Hebrews, and Amos li. 5.

the manner of performing them, Isa. xxviii. 27, 28. Treading of cattle, a method employed by the ancients in
Threshing-floors, Cato's directions in the construction of, separating the corn from the ear, Isa. xxvui, 27, 28.

1 Sam. xxi., in fine. How to be constructed, according Tread-mill, in this country, the revival of an ancient employ
to Columella, ibid.

ment for slaves, Isa. xlvii. 2.
Throne, description of a, by Athenæus, Isa. lii. 2.

Tree, accounted by the Jews as accursed and polluted, on
Throne of Solomon, curious account of the, extracted from a which a malefactor had been executed, or on which he had
Persian manuscript, 2 Chron. X., in fine.

been hanged after having been put to death by stoning, Isa.
Thunder and lightning, according to the pagans, the mode by

which Jupiter testified his approbation of the sacrifices Tree of the knowledge of good and evil, observations concerne
offered to him, Lev. ix. 23.

ing the, Gen. ü. 9.
Thunder clap, how caused by the lightning, Job xxxviii. Tree of life, observations on the, Gen. ii. 9, i. 19.

26. Illustrated by an easy experiment on the air pump, Trees, remarkable longevity of some species, Isa. lxv. 22.
ibid.

Extravagant notions of the Chinese respecting what they
Thunder cloud, rule by which its distance from the spectator call the immortal tree, ibid. Trees in very ancient tunes

of the lightning issuing from it is calculated, Job xxxvii. 4. frequently served for the temples of the gods, Judg. m. 7.
Thyrsus of Bacchus, fable of the, evidently borrowed from Trefoil, this herb said to have been the means of fully con-
the story of the rod of Moses, Exod. iv. 17.

vincing the learned Erasmus of the truth of the doctrine of
Tiberius Cæsar, remarkable saying of, Mic. iij. 1.

the Trinity, Eccles. iii. 14.
Tides, phenomena and cause of the, Job xxxviii. 11. Tremellius, author of a Latin version of the Hebrew Bible,
Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, supposed by Prideaux to with critical notes, General Preface, p. 6.

have been the same with Arbaces, called by Ælian Thilga- Trial by jury, one of the greatest ornaments of the British
mus, and by Usher Ninus junior, 2 Kings xv. 29.

constitution, Gen. xxxvi. 36.
Tigris, account of a very remarkable overflowing of this river, Trinity, doctrine of the, shown to be a doctrine of Scripture,
Introduction to Nahum. See chap. ii. 6.

Gen. i. 1, 26; Deut. vi. 4; Isa. xlvii. 16.
Time, idden, and 78179 moad, thus rendered in our com- Troglodytes, who, Isa. ii. 13–16.

mon 'version, the prophetic symbol for a year, Dan. iv. 16, Troy, calamities of, described by Virgil under imagery similar
vii. 25, xii. 8.

to what Jeremiah employs in narrating the miseries of Je-
Tin, method adopted in Cornwall of purifying this metal from rusalem, Lain. i. 20.
all its dross, Jer. xxiii. 29.

Trumpets, feast of, why so named, and when celebrated,
Tippoo Sultan, description of a seal of, in the author's pos-

Exod. xxui. 14.
session, Esth. u. 9.

Tryphon, human beings sacrificed to, in several cities of
Tirshatha, probably the name of an office, Ezra ii. 63; Neh. Egypt, according to Plutarch, Exod. xii., in fine.
vii. 9.

Tsach, nx, a memorial symbol of the rabbins, Masoretic
Tilans, fable of the, Job xxvi. 5; Hesiod's description of notes at the end of Leviticus.

Jupiter fighting against the Titans, one of the grandest Tsahar, oy, rendered window, of very doubtful significa-
things in all pagan antiquity, Psa. xviii. 7.

tion, Gen. vi. 16.
Tithes, disquisition concerning, Gen. xxviii., in fine ; Ezek. Tsal, sy, literally importing to overspread or odershadow,
xliv. 28.

how metaphorically applied, Num. xiv. 9.
Tithing the sheep, manner of, among the Jews, Ezek. xx. 37; | Tse, an, import of this word among the Jews, when
Zech. xi. 7.

employed as a memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the
Titles given to the sovereigns and great men of the East end of Genesis.

extremely pompous, Job xxxii., in fine. Some examples Tseba, xəy, host or army, inquiry into the meaning of the
produced, ibid.

original term, Gen. ï. Í.
Titus, triumphal arch of, particular description of the devices Tscbn, -y, Dr. Shaw's opinion relative to the meaning of
and inscription on the, Exod. xxv. 31.

this Hebrew word, Deut. xii. 15.
Tobh, 2n, generally translated good, inquiry into its import, Tsidekah or T'sidekath, , its derivation and import, Lev.
Gen. 1. 10.

xxvi. 15. A beautiful paronomasia on this word, Isa. v. 7.
Toga prætexta, description of this Roman vestment, Gen. Tug, a species of cord among the Irish, how manufactured,
xxxvii. 3.

and for what purposes employed, Jodg. xvi. 7.
Toga dirilis or toga pura, account of the, Gen. xxxvii. 3. Tumeet, a species of food, how prepared, 2 Sam. xvii. 28.
Togarmah, what people possibly meant by this namne, Ezek. | Tumuli or barrows, in England, what, 2 Sam. xvii. 17. To
xxvii. 14.

make the tumulus still more elevated and conspicuous, a
Togatus, why this word is employed in speaking of a Roman, pillar or some other ornament was osten erected upon it,
1 Kings xix., in fine.

Isa. lui. 9.
Tohoo, and bohoo, 7073, translated " without form and Turkish couch, description of a, Song iii. 10.

void,” inquiry into the import of these words, Gen. i. 2. Tutelar deity, among heathen nations, every city said to have
The names of the Syrian and Egyptian gods Theuth and a, Jer. ii. 28. The tutelary saints of the Romanists a copy
Baū, probably borrowed from these terms, ibid.

of this pagan superstition, ibid.

אדן

,תחו

Index to the Old Testament.

at

Twilight, how caused, 2 Kings xx., in fine; Job xxxviii. 12; | Veil of the tabernacle, description of the, Exod. xxvi. 31. Its
Prov. iv. 18.

great costliness, ibid.
Tympanum, description of this musical instrument, Gen. Veil on the face of Moses, its typical import, Exod. xxxiv.
xxxi. 27.

32.
Typhon, the evil demon, worshipped among the Egyptians, Veil to shade the court, of what form, Isa. xl. 22.

Num. xix. 2. Formerly cust ary to sacrifice red bully Vein of lives, a phrase probably alluding to the great aorta in
to appease this divinity, ibid.

the human system, Psa. xxxvi. 9.
Tyre, some account of this celebrated city of antiquity, and Velo hethmahmaheti, maanann 237, inquiry into this ox-
its great vicissitudes of fortune, Josh. xix. 29; Ezek. xxv., pression of the psalmist, Psa. cxix. 60.
xxvi., xxvii. ; Isa. xxii. Why called the daughter of Vena cava, the fountain of Scripture, why so named, Eccles.
Tarshish, Isa. xxii. 10.

xü. 6.

Venema, (Herman) author of a commentary on the Psalms
U.

and Malachi, General Preface, p. 10.
Ogab, 3279, rendered organ, what it imports, Gen. iv. 21; Venite, exultemus Domino, a Psalm long used in the Christian
Job xxi. 12 ; xxx. 31.

Church towards the commencement of public service, Psa.
Ulai, the same with the Eulæus, a river which divided Shu- xcv., in principio. Parts of which it is composed, ac-
shan or Susiana, from Elymais, Dan. viii. 2.

cording to Houbigant and others, ibid.
Ulaloo or Ullaloo, the funeral song of the Irish, Isa. lii. 5. Ventriloquism of the ancients, as described by Psellus, Isa.
Umbilical cord, the medium by which the fetus receives its xxiv. 4.

nourishment while in the womb of its mother, Prov. iii. 8; Venus, formerly customary for women to appear in armour in
Song vii. 2; Ezek. xvi. 4.

their worship of this idol, Deut. xxii. 5. Prostitutes
Ungodly, definition of this word, Psa. i. 1. In what it differs publicly kept in the temple of Venus Melytta, whose gains
in import from sinner and scornful, ibid.

were applied to the support of her abominable worship,
Unicorn, what animal probably intended by the Hebrew word Deut. xxii. 19; 2 Kings xvii. 30. Conjecture respecting

so translated, Num. xxxiii. 22 ; Deut. xxxi. 17; Job the origin of the name of this idol, 2 Kings xvii. 30.
xxxix. 9. The animal like a horse, with one long rich Venus, revolutions as measured by the equinoxes and fixed
curled hom growing out of his forehead, commonly called stars, mean distance from the sun, perigeal and apogeal
the unicorn, shown to be wholly fabulous, Job xxxix. 9. distances, diameter, relative volume, time of rotation, mass,
Very curious passage in an old Psalter respecting this and mean hourly orbitical motion, of this primary planet,
animal, Psa. xxii. 21.

Gen. i. 1.
Uniformity of worship, absolute necessity of, under the Mo- Vermilion, whence produced, according to Pliny, Isa. i. 18.

saic economy, Deut. xii. 14. Why not so necessary under Vespasian, description of the coin struck by this emper
the Christian dispensation, ibid.

the capture of Jerusalem, Isa. iii. 26; Lam. i. 1.
Uninterrupted succession, boasted of in the Romish Church, Vestry, the places where the sacerdotal robes and pontifical
a mere sable, Ezek. xxxiv. 23, 24.

ornaments are kept, whence the word is derived, 2 Kings
Universe, thoughts on the vast immensity of the, 1 Kings viii.

x 22.
27; Amos ix. 6.

Vesuvius, some account of the eruption of, in A. D. 79, Gen.
Upper garments, customary in the East to pull off the, in 1., in fine.
times of deep mourning, Exod. xxxiii. 5.

Vetaron, 7707, import of this Jewish memorial symbol, Maso-
Ur, account of this very ancient city of Chaldea, Gen. xi. 31. retic notes at the end of Joshua.

Its primitive inhabitants generally supposed to have been Vicarious sacrifices, after the similitude of the Jewish scape-
ignicolists, ibid.

goat, have been common among most ancient nations, Lev.
Urim and Thummim, various conjectures concerning, Exod. xvi. 10.
xxviii

. 30. Inquiry into the mode of consultation by, Victim of the heathens being brought without reluctance to
ibid. ; Josh. vii. 14; 1 Sam. Xxviii. 6.

the altar considered by them a good omen, and vice versa,
Urna Lachrymales, see Lachrymatories.

Isa. Ix. 7.
Urns containing the ashes and half-calcined bones of the dead, Victima optima or chief sacrifice, what the pagans so con-

of frequent occurrence in barrows or tumuli in this country, sidered, according to Pliny, Lev. i. 2.
2 Chron. xvi., in fine ; Jer. xxxiv. 2.

Victor of Antioch, a commentator on St. Mark's Gospel,
Usury, observations concerning, Exod. xxii. 25 ; Psa. xv. 5. General Preface, p. 4.

The Jews remarkable for usury and usurious contracts, | Vile person, definition of the Hebrew word thus rendered,
ibid.

Isa. xxxii. 5.
Uror, why a married woman was so called among the Romans, Vine, when probably first cultivated, Gen. ix. 21. Mode
Song v. 5.

adopted in its cultivation, Psa. Ixxx. 8, &c. The vine
Uz, the country of Job, where probably situated, Preface to forinerly cultivated in Egypt for the sake of eating the
the book of Job, and chap. i. 1.

grapes, not for wine, Isa. v. 2. The leaves of this tree

often used by the Egyptians for wrapping up their mince-
V.

meat, Psa. Ixxviii. 47. This tree very frequently used in
Valerianus, how this Roman emperor was treated by Sapor, a mctaphorical sense in Scripture, Psa. lxxx. 8.
king of Persia, Isa. li. 23.

Vines, large trunks of the, in Persia, Isa. v. 2.
Vallancy, (General) his ingenious hypothesis that the twelve Vineyards of Tripoli, principally enclosed, according to Ra-

patriarchs are resembled to the twelve signs of the zodiac, olf, with' hedges of the rhamnus, paliurus, oxyacantha,
Gen. xlix., in fine. The asterism belonging to each patri- &c., Isa. xxvii. 4.
arch, ibid.

Vineyard toucer of the ancients, what, Isa. v. 2.
Valley of vision, what meant by this expression, Isa. xxii., in Vintage at Aleppo, its time and duration, Amos ix. 13.
principio.

Virgil's description of Neptune appeasing the storm raised by
Van of the ancients, what, Isa. xxx. 28.

Juno for the destruction of the feet of Æneas, Psa. xxix.,
Vasco de Gama, a celebrated Portuguese navigator, who in fine.

recovered the passage round the Cape of Good Hope aster Virgin, see Almah.
it had been intermitted and lost for many centuries, Isa. ii. Virtue, whence this word is derived, Prov. xii. 4.
13-16.

Vision, Mr. Mason Good's remarks on the related Eliphaz
Vates and poeta, synonymous terms among the Romans, the Temanite, Job iv. 13. Mr. Hervey's striking and natu.
Gen. xx. 7.

ral illustration, ibid.
Veeheyeh, 771784, import of this memorial symbol of the rab- Vision, manner of, described, Eccles, xii. 3.
bins, Masoretic notes, end of Leviticus.

Vitringa, (Campegius) author of a comment on Isaiah, Gene-
Vegetable creation, astonishing power with which God has ral Preface, p. 10.

endued its different species to multiply themselves, instanced Vitruvius's directions relative to felling of trees, 1 Kings v. 6.
in the elm, Gen. i. 12.

Vitzliputzli, the supreme deity of the Mexicans, how repre-
Veil of the Eastern women, description of the, Song iv. 1. sentcd, Exod. xxv., in fine.

Index to the Old Testament.

Voice of the Lord, thunder frequently called by this name in Wells, scarce in every part of the East, Judg. v. 11 ; Job zi

Scripture, Exod. ix. 28 ; Job xxxix. 1; Psa. xxix. 3, &c. 18. Esteemed a great virtue in the East to furnish thirsty
Volcatius, the poet, according to Pliny, had six fingers on travellers with water, Job xxi. 7.
each hand, 2 Sam. xxi. 20.

Wells, (Dr. Edward) publisher of a New Testament in Greek
Voltaire, examination of a passage of Scripture grossly mis- and English, with notes, General Preface, p. 7.
represented by this philosopher, Ezek. xxxix. 19.

Wench, various opinions concerning the derivation of this
Volumen, volume, why the Romans gave this appellation to a word, 2 Sam. xvii. 17.
book, Ezek. ii. 9.

Wesley, (Rev. John) author of Notes on the Old and New
Volume, magnitudes, or bulks, of the sun, moon, and planets,

Testamert, General Preface, p. 8.
compared with that of the earth, Gen. i. 1.

Wesley, (Mrs.) mother of the late celebrated John and Charles
Vow, Ainsworth's definition of a, Lev. xxvii. 2. Enumera- Wesley, her character, Prov. xxxi. 29.

tion of the different kinds of vow, Num. xxx. 2. Dr. Wetstein, (J. James) a celebrated critic on the New Testa-
Hales' observations on the vow of Jephthah, Judg. xi., in ment, General Preface, p. 7.
fine. Saying of Philo relative to rash vous, Num. xxx. 3. Wheel broken at the cistern, what meant by this phrase,
Vulcan, a heathen deity, probably derived his name from Tu- Eccles, xii. 6.
bal-cain, the son of Lamech, Gen. iv. 22.

Wheels of Ezekiel, observations upon this very remarkable
Vulgate, or Latin version of the Scriptures by Jerome, some vision, Ezek. i. 15–21, X., in fine.

account of the, General Preface, p. 22. See also Isa. Ixvi., Wheel carriages in use from very remote antiquity, Gen. xlv.
in fine. High veneration entertained by the Romanists 21, xlvi. 29.
for the Vulgate version of the Scriptures, Isa. Ixvi., in Whirlwind, not suphah, and rihso searah, indifferently
fine.

thus rendered, in what they may possibly differ in import.

Job xxxvü. 9, xxxviii. 1 ; Psa. lvu. 9; Prov. i. 27.
W.

Whispering or chirping out of the dust, import of this phrase,
Wain, an instrument employed in threshing, Isa. xxviii. 27, Isa. xxix. 4.
28. In what it differed from the drag, ibid.

Whit or wid, derivation and import of this old English word,
Wall said to have fallen upon twenty-seven thousand Syrians, 1 Sam. ii. 18.

Dr. Kennicott's remarks concerning the, 1 Kings xx., in Whitby, (Dr.) a very able commentator on the New Testa-
fine.

ment, General Preface, p. 8.
Walls of ancient cities in the East built of unbaked bricks, White asses or ass colts, riding upon, anciently the privilege
Ezek, xij. 11; Mic. vii. 10.

of persons of high rank, Gen. xlix. 8.
Walls of the houses and gardens of Damascus, as described Whoredom, the idolatries of the Jews very frequently so
by Maundrell, Isa. xii. 19.

termed in the prophetical writings, 1 Chron. v. 25; Ezek.
Walls of the tombs of the kings and nobles of Egypt covered xvi. 23.

with figures of the ancient objects of idolatry, Ezek. viii. Wild ass, natural history of the, Job xxix. 5–8.
10.

Wild grapes, the Hebrew word so translated, in the opinion
War, manner of the proclamation of, among the ancients, of Hasselquist, means the solanum incanum or hoaty
2 Kings xiii. 17.

nightshade, known to the Arabs by the name of aneb el
Warburton's judicious remarks on Solomon's multiplying dib, Isa. v. 2.
horses, 2 Chron. i., in fine.

Will, observations on the freedom of the, Psa. cx. 3; Pror.
Wardrobes of the Asiatics, account of the, Isa. ii. 7. Isaiah's 1. 10.

inventory of the wardrobe of a Hebrew lady, as explained Wind-mills, an invention posterior to that of water-mills, Isa.
by Shroeder, Isa. iii. 16.

xlvii. 2.
Warfare, character of, in ancient times, Psa. cxxxvii. 9. Wine, anciently the expressed juice of the grape, without fer-
War song, Dr. Kennicott's remarks on a very ancient one of mentation, Gen. xl. i1. Method adopted by the inhabitants
the Hebrews, Num. xxi. 17, 18, et in fine.

of the East in cooling their wines, Prov. Ixv. 13. How
Washing the hands in token of innocence, an ancient rite the ancients preserved their wine, Song ü. 4. The wines

among the Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans, Job ix. 30; of Egypt, according to Hasselquist, not the produce of its
Psa. xxvi. 6.

own vineyards, Isa, v. 2. Account of the mized uine of
Watch, why a division in the seasons of darkness was so the ancient Greeks and Romans, Isa. i. 22. Observations

named, Exod. xiv. 24. Into how many watches the night on the mode of the treatment of wines, Isa. xxv. 6.
was divided, ibid.

Wine-presses in Persia, how formed, according to Chardin,
Watches in the East, how performed, Isa. xii. 6.

Isa. v. 2.
Watchmen in the temple, on constant duty, Isa. Ixii. 6. Wing, an emblem of protection, Ruth iii. 9.
Water, constituent parts of, Gen. vii. 11; Job xxxviii. 26 ; Winged cymbal, the same with the Egyptian sistrum, ac-

Jer. x. 13. Decomposed by the galvanic fluid, Gen. viii. cording to Bochart, Isa. xviii. 1.
1; Jer. x. 13. Expansive power of water in freezing, Winnowing of grain, how formerly effected, Ruth xii. 2;
Job xxxvii. 10.

Psa. i. 4. Nearly the same with that practised in various
Water, pouring out of, in the way of libation, a religious or- parts of England and Ireland besore the invention of the

dinance among the Hebrews and other nations, 1 Sam. vii. winnowing machine, ibid.
6. Deep penitential sorrow often represented under the Wisdom of Solomon, the sacred historian's resemblance of
notion of pouring out water, ibid.

the extraordinary greatness of the, to the sand on the sce-
Water, trial by, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos, shore, very beautifully illustrated by Lord Bacon, 1 Kings

and the Bithynians and Sardinians, Num. v., in fine. iv. 29.
Watering the ground with the foot, what intended by this Witches, consideration of the question whether the persons
phrase, Deut. xi. 10; Psa. i. 3.

thus denominated only pretended to have, or actually
Waters of jcalousy, rabbinical comment on the, Num. v., in possessed, the power commonly attributed to them, Exod.
fine.

xxii. 18.
Water-mills, not invented till a little before the time of Au- Withred, king of Kent, singular anecdote respecting, 2 Chron.
gustus, Isa. xlvii. 2.

ü, 11.
Water-spouts, description of, Psa. xlii. 7. Frequent on the Wives of the conquered king the property of the conqueror,
coast of Syria, ibid.

2 Sam. xvi. 21.
Watling-street, some account of, Job xxiï. 11.

Wizard, derivation and import of this word, Lev. xix. 31 ;
Wealth, instances of astonishing, possessed by some of the Deut. xviii. 11. Wizard usually considered the masculine
ancients, Esth. ii. 9.

of witch, ibid.
Wean, whence this word is derived, Gen. xxi. 8. Time for Wolf, remarkable for its fierceness and quick sight, Hab. i. 8.
wcaning children as fixed by the Koran, ibid.

Why the tribe of Benjanin was resembled to this animal,
Weights, anciently made of stone, Deut. xxv. 13. The Gen. xlix. 27.

standards of the Jewish weights and measures kept in the Wolf grapes, the same with the solanum incanum or hoery
sanctuary, 1 Chron. xxiii. 29.

nightshade, Isa. v. 2.

Index to the Old Testament.

Woman, inquiry into the derivation of the term, Gen. ii. 23., Zahab, 2-1, its derivation and import, Job xxviii. 17. .

To be slain by a woman considered by the ancients a mark Zalmonah, the thirty-fourth station of the Israelites in the
of great disgrace, Judg. ix. 54.

wilderness, where probably situated, and why so named,
Women employed in Eastern countries in grinding the corn, Num. xxxiii. 41.

Exod. xi. 5; Isa. xlvii. 2. Women, among the ancients, Zamarenians, from whom probably descended, Gen. xxv. 2.
generally kept houses of entertainment

, or in other words, Zamzummim, some account of this ancient people, Deut.
were tavern-keepers, Josh. ii. 1. Several quotations from ii. 20.
ancient writers in attestation of this circumstance, ibid. | Zaphnath-paaneah, import of this word very uncertain, Gen.
Women formerly employed in the tabernacle service, Exod. xli. 45. Probably an Egyptian epithet, ibid.
xxxviii

. 8; 1 Sam. ii. 22. The announcing and celebrating Zarah, import of the name, Gen. xxxvii. 30.
of great events formerly performed by women, Isa. xl. 9. Zarephath, the same with Sarepta of the Sidonians, 1 Kings
Word, citations from the Targums in which 72 meimra xvii. 9.

or word, is evidently used personally, Gen. xv. 1, xxvi. 5, Zebulun, why so named, Gen. xxx. 20.
xxxi. 3; Exod. iv. 12; Judg. i. 19; 1 Chron. v. 22, vii. Zechariah, some account of this prophet, Introduction to
21, ix. 20, xvi. 2, xxi. 13, 15; 2 Chron. ii. 1, xiv. 11, xv. Zechariah.
2, xvii. 3, xx. 17, 20, 29, 37, xxi. 14, xxv. 7, xxvi. 16, Zeeb, a prince of the Midianites, import of his name, Judg.
xxviii. 3, xxxii. 8, 16, 21, 31, xxxii. 13, 17, 18, xxxvi. 33; vii. 25.

Job xlii. 10; Psa. xxiii. 4, lv. 16, Lxviii. 16; Isa. xlv. 22. Zeh, nt, import of this word among the Jews, when used as
World, this word sometimes used for land or country, Isa. a memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the end of Genesis.
xiii. 11., xxiv. 14.

Zelgaphoth, a pestilential east wind, suddenly killing those
Worlds, thoughts respecting the plurality of, Deut. x. 14; who are exposed to it, 1 Kings xx., in fine. Highly pro-
1 Kings viii. 27.

bable that a wind of this description, and not a wall, as
Wormwood, figurative import of this word in Scripture, Deut. stated in our translation, occasioned the death of the twen-

xxix. 18; Lam. iii. 15. A man grievously afflicted termed ty-seven thousand Syrians in the time of Ben-hadad, ibid.
by an Arabic poet a pounder of wormwood, ibid. Zelophehad's daughters, peculiar case of, Num. xxvii

. 1.
Wotteth, its derivation and import, Gen. xxxix. 8.

Solemn trifling of some commentators relative to the mys-
Writing on the Egyptian papyrus, mode of, in ancient times, terious imports of their names, Num. xxvii. 7.

Num. ix. 1. Transpositions, errors of very easy occurrence, Zeradusht, Žerdust, or Zeratusht, see Zoroaster.
ibid. Account of the different modes of writing in the time Zidon, where situated, Ezek. xxvii

. 8.
of Job, Job xix. 23.

Zif, a Hebrew month answering to a part of our April and

May, 1 Kings vi. 38. This name supposed to have been
X.

borrowed from the Chaldeans, and to be an evidence that
Xerxes, immense wealth of this Persian monarch, Dan. xi. 3. the books of Kings were written after the Babylonish cap-
His prodigious armament against Greece, ibid.

tivity, 1 Kings vi. 1.
Xylophoria, a Jewish feast

, for what purpose instituted, Exod. Zikenim, -p, a degree of civil distinction among the
xxiii. 14; Neh. x. 34.

Hebrews, Josh. xxiii. 2.
Zimerah, 177791, probably a kind of musical instrument, Psa.

lxxxi. 2
Yad, 5“, a Jewish memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the Zin, wilderness of, the thirty-second station of the Israelites
end of Joshua

in the wilderness, some account of, Num. xxxiii. 36.
Yagid, 77, a Jewish memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at Zion, capture of this very celebrated fortress of the Jebusites
the end of Deuteronomy.

by David, 2 Sam. v. 7. Dr. Kennicott's translation of the
Yam, 64, rendered sea, its general import, Num. xxxiv. 6; Hebrew text which contains the account, ibid.

Deut. xxxiii. 23; Josh. 1. 4. Generally rendered in the Ziph, where situated, Psa. liv., in principio.
Septuagint by θαλασσα, Νum. Xxxiv. 6.

Zoan, the same with Tanis, Ezek. xxx. 14.
Year, length of a tropical or natural, according to the com- Zodiac, signs of the, known in Egypt and Chaldea in the
putation of modern astronomers, Gen. i. 14.

time of Joseph, Gen. xlix, in fine. Very elegant allusion
Year of release, institution of the, Deut. xv. 1. The whole in the book of Psalms to the twelve signs of the zodiac,

book of Deuteronomy appointed to be read at this time, Psa. Ixv. 11.
Deut. xxxi. 10, 11. This precept appears to have been, Zohair, an eminent Arabic poet, Psa. lx., in principio.
very little attended to by the Jews, ibid.

Zonah, 77377, commonly rendered harlot, what it properly im-
Yechaveh, 777, and yehegeh, rann, import of these Jewish ports, Gen. xxxvii. 15, 21. Distinction between 73

memorial symbols, Masoretic notes at the end of Exodus zonah and 1077, kedeshah, both indifferently rendered
and Leviticus.

harlot in our version, Gen. xxxviii. 21.
Yenachilam, D3-2759, import of this Jewish memorial symbol, Zophar the Naamathite, who, Job ii. 11.
Masoretic notes at the end of Deuteronomy.

Zoroaster or Zeradusht, traditions concerning, Exod. iii. 2.
Yideonim, bygh, why witches were so denominated by the Character of the institutes attributed to him, Deut. xxxiv.,
ancients, Lev. xix. 31 ; Deut. xviii. 11.

in fine. In what sense we are to understand the tradition
Yisadecha, 7790, import of this memorial symbol of the that the works of Zoroaster, which are in prose, contain
rabbins, Masoretic notes at the end of Exodus.

two millions of verses, Introduction to Ezra. Zoroaster
Yobelim, 643279, improperly rendered rams' horns, Josh. supposed by some to be a confused picture of the prophet
vi. 4.

Daniel, Introduction to Daniel.
Youth of both sexes in Eastern countries marriageable at a Zuleekha, the name of Potiphar's wife, according to the Asia-
very early age, 2 Kings xvi. 2.

tics, Gen. xxxix. 6. Remarkable anecdote concerning

this woman, as related in the Koran, ibid.
z.

Zumeet, a kind of food, how prepared, 2 Sam. xvii. 28.
Zabii, singular instance of superstition among the, Exod. Zuzim, a people of antiquity, possibly the same with the
xxiii. 19.

Zamzummim, Gen. xiv. 5 ; Deut. ii. 20.
Vol. IV.
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