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Index to the Old Testament.
Oded, remarks on the beautiful speech of this prophet to the Orpheus, remarks on the fable concerning this very celebratec
Israelites, 2 Chron. xxvii. 9.

musician of antiquity, 2 Chron. xxxiv. 12.
Offerings, Jewish, general account of the, Lev. vii., in fine. Osiris, description of a beautiful marble figure of, in the au-
The reference in which they all stood to the great sacrifice thor's possession, 1 Sam. vi., in fine.
offered by Christ, ibid.

Ossifrage, why this animal is so named, Lev. xi. 13.'
Og, king of Bashan, remarks upon his very great stature, Ostracism, among the Greeks, what, Gen. xxvi. 16. Re-

Dout. iii. 11. Extreme trifling of the rabbins upon this markable saying of Bacon upon this subject, ibid.
subject, ibid.

Ostrich, observations on its remarkable fleetness, Job xxxix.
Oil, anointing with, an ancient method of installation to par- 13, 18. Natural history of this bird, as given by Dr. Shaw,
ticular offices, Exod. xxix. 7.

Job xxxix., in fine ; Mic. i. 8.
Oil, holy anointing, its component parts, and the quantity of Oth, 6a, translated sign, inquiry into its import, Gen. i. 14;
each ingredient, Exod. xxx. 21.

Deut. xiii. 1.
Oil, trial by boiling, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos, Ottoman court, conjecture why called the Porte, Isa. ixix.
Num. v., in fine.

Olam, 379, inquiry into its general import, Gen. xiii. 15, Ovid's account of the ceremonies used in laying the founda-

xvii. 7, 8, xxi. 33; Exod. xii. 14; Num. xxv. 13; 2 Kings tions of the walls of the city of Rome by Romulus, Neh.
v. 27; Eccles. iii. 11, 12, xii. 15; Mic. v. 2; Hab. iii. 6. xii. 27. The fable of Dædalus and Icarus very beautifully
Olam habu, 4370379, the world to come, a phrase applied by moralized by this great Roman poet, Prov. xxv. 7.
the Jews to the days of the Messiah, Heb. ii. 5.

Ost, particular description of its four stomachs, Lev. xi: 3.
Old age, great reverence paid to, by the ancient and modern This animal, an object of idolatrous worship among the

Egyptians, Gen. xlviii. 12; by the ancient Romans, ibid; ancient Egyptians, Hos. viii. 5.
and even to this day by the Mohammedans, ibid. Bacon's Oxen, the Hebrew word thus rendered most clearly a corrup-
grand secret for the strengthening of the natural heat in tion of the sacred text, 2 Chron. iv. 3.
aged persons, Ruth iv. 16; 1 Kings i., in fine.

Oxurunchus, an Egyptian idol, Exod. xx. 4.
Olives, mount of, Zech. xiv. 4.

Oxygen, a constituent part of water, Gen. vii. I1, viii. 1;
Omer, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity,

Job xxxviii. 26 ; Jer. x. 13.
Exod. xvi. 16.
Omniscience of God, thoughts concerning the, Gen. xvi. 15.

On or Aven, the famous Heliopolis, Ezek. xxx. 17.

Padan-aram, the same with Mesopotamia, Gen. III. 26.
Only Son, Christ the, see on Psa. xxii. 20.

Pagan priests believed by their adherents to have been able
Onycha, account of this perfume, Exod. xxx. 34.

to walk on burning coals unhurt, Dan. iii. 27. Quotation
Onyt, the name of a precious stone, whence it has its name, from Virgil in illustration of this circumstance, ibid. How

Gen. ii. 12; Exod. xxv. 7; Job xxviii. 16. The Hebrew the feet of the priests were enabled to resist the action of

word so translated of uncertain import, Exod. xxvii. 17. the fire, according to Varro, ibid.
Opal, its component parts, Job xxxvu. 38.

Pagans, notion among the, that every district had its tutelary
Opes, riches, whence derived, Gen. xxxiii. 19.

deity, who could do nothing out of his own sphere, 1 Kings
Ophel, a part of Mount Sion, rising higher than the rest, Isa. xx. 23; 2 Kings xvii. 25.
xxxi. 14.

Pall, ceremony of the, among the Romanists, 1 Kings xix.,
Ophiamanteia of the Greeks, what, Lev. xix. 26.

in fine.
Ophir, situation of, utterly unknown, 1 Kings ix. 28. Dr. Pallacopas or Naharaga, a canal made by Nebuchadnezzar,
Jubb's conjecture, Isa. ii. 13–16.

by which the redundant waters of the Euphrates were car-
Ophthalmia, how generally caused in Egypt, Deut. xxviii. 24. ried into a vast lake forty miles square, Isa. xliv. 27.
Optic nerve, account of the, Eccles. xii. 3.

Palladium, the Greeks employed all their artifice to steal away
Oracles of the heathens expressed in such dubious language this from the Trojans, and why, Num. xxv. 6. Conjecture

as to appear to be fulfilled in whatever way the events might that the Trojan palladium was an aerolith, Josh. x. il.
happen, 1 Kings xxii. 15. Some examples produced, ibid. Pallas, distances from the sun and earth, diameter, and rela-
The pagan oracles generally delivered their answers from tive surface and volume, of this primary planet, Gen. i. 1.
some deep and obscure cavern, Isa. xlv. 19.

Palliatus, why this word is used to signify'a Greek, 1 Kings
Orange garden of the emir of Beroot, Maundrell's description xix., in fine.
of the, Isa. i. 30.

Palma Christi, account of the, as given by Celsus, Jonah
Orbits, mean hourly motions of the primary planets in their, iv. 6.

Gen. i. 1. Inclination of the axes of rotation of the earth, Palm tree, its description and various uses, Pa. xcii. 12.
moon, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn to the planes of their Leaves of the palm tree used in the East instead of paper,
orbits, Gen. i. 1. Angles with the semidiameters of the Job xix, 23.
orbits of the satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, and Herschel sub- Palm wine, how made by the ancients, according to Pliny,
tend, as seen from the earth, when the radii vectores of Isa. v. 11. The Jews had plenty of this wine, ibid. Ac-
their primaries are equal to one half of the latera transversa, cording to Theodoret and Chrysostom, the saine with the
or principal diameters of the ellipses in which they move aw sacar of the Hebrews, and the olkepa of the Greeks,
round the sun, ibid.

Ordeal, trial by, some account of the, Num. V.,. in fine. Palmyra, some account of the ruins of, 1 Kings ix. 18.

Why called Judicium Dei, “The judgment of God,ibid. Panoply, ordinary weight of a soldier's, according to Plutarch,
Supposed to have taken its origin from the waters of jea- 1 Sam. xvii. 7.
lousy, ibid.

Paphlagonians, conjecture concerning their origin, Gen. 1. 3.
Oreb, a prince of the Midianites, import of his name, Judg.vii. 25. Papyrus of Egypt, description and use of this very celebra-
Origen, account of this commentator, General Preface, p. 3. ted plant, Exod. ii. 3; Esth. x., in fine; Isa. xviii

. 1. Its
Specimens of his very fanciful interpretation of Scripture, Linnæan classification and description, Job viii: 11. Ge-
Exod. i., in fine. Num. xii. 14. His thoughts on the rarde's account of this plant, ibid.
miracle of the fleece, dew, and dry ground, Judg. vi., in Parable or allegory, example of a, in which a variety of ima-
fine. Origen's account of a dispute he had with some of ges are employed, all taken from the science of agriculture,
the Jews relative to a passage in Isaiah, Isa. liii

. 8.

Isa. xxviij. 23–28.
Original sin, doctrine of, Job xiv. 4; Psa. li. 5.

Parabolic style of the Hebrews, some very striking examples
Orion, Hebrew word so translated of very uncertain import, of the, Isa. ii. 13-16, xii. 10, xxiv. 21-23, xxvü. 1,

Job ix. 9. The constellation of Orion, according to Mr. xli. 19, xlii. 7, xlviii. 21, xlix. 23, liv. Il, 1, iv. 13,
Good, a correct and elegant synecdoche for the winter at lx., in principio
large, Job xxxviii. 31.

Paradise, its derivation and import, Gen. ü. 8; Eccles. Ü. 5.
Ornaments upon the heads, necks, bodies, and legs of camels, Notion of the Mohammedans respecting Paradise, ibid,

horses, and elephants, common from the remotest antiquity, Great variety of 'opinions concerning its situation, Gen. ii.
Judg. viii. 21. Seven kinds of ornaments still in use in 10.
Asiatic countries, Gen. xxiv. 22.

Paragogic letters in the Hebrew always increase and deepen
Index to the Old Testament.

,פז ,Paz

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the meaning of the words to which they are attached, Psa. | Pharmacy, in great repute among the ancient Egyptians,
Ixxxix. 16.

Exod. xii., in fine.
Parce, or the Fates, fable of; Job vii. 6, xxxii. 22. Pharpar, a river of Damascus, reason for supposing that the
Pareshioth, see Şections of the Law.

river known by this name, in the time of Elisha, is a branch
Paronomasia or play upon words, instances of, Num. xviii. of the Barrady, 2 Kings v. 12.

%; Job xxxi., in fine; Isa. v. 7, xxiv. 17, 18, xxv. 11, Philo, bishop of the Carpathians, author of a comment on So-
xxxi. 7, xxxviii. 17, Ixi. 3; Jer. i. 12 ; Amos v. 5, viji. lomon's Song, General Preface, p. 4.
2; Mic. i. 10.

Philo Judæus, account of this Jewish commentator, General
Paros, one of the Cyclade islands, famous for its white mar- Preface, p. 2.
ble, 1 Chron. xxix. 2.

Philosopher, anecdote of a, Jer. v. 1. Remarkable saying of
Parr, (Thomas) his great age, Job xiv. 5; Psa. xc., in fine. a philosopher when at sea in a violent storm, Jonah'i. 7,
Partridges, manner of hunting, among the Arabs, 1 Sam. Dinocopos, probable origin of this word, Gen. xli. 8.
xxyi. 20.

Phlegon, one of the horses of the sun, according to the pagan
Passages, tables of, in the New Testament cited from the mythology, what the name signifies, 2 Kings ii. 11.
Old, Mal. iv., in fine.

Phoceans, remarkable imprecation of the, when resolved to
Passover, a Jewish festival, whence so named, Exod. xii. 11; leave their country, and never to revisit it, Jer. li. 64.

Deut. xvi. 1; Isa. xxxi. 5. Its typical import, Exod. xii. Phocylides, citation of a very remarkable passage from this
27. The heathen sacrifice termed propter viam probably

poet, Jer. ix. 24.
borrowed from this Jewish ordinance, Exod. xii. 10. Phosphorescence of the sea in certain states of the weather,
Pastoral, definition of the, Introduction to Solomon's Song. Job xli. 32.
Pathros, conjectures where situated, Ezek. xxix. 14, xxx. 14. Phrygians, Bochart's conjecture concerning their origin,
Patrick, (Dr. Simon) a celebrated commentator on the Old Gen. x. 2.
Testament, General Preface, p. 7.

Phut, a people of Africa, Ezek. xxvii. 10.
Pavilion, derivation of this word, 1 Kings xx. 12; Psa. Phylacteries, particular account of the, Exod. xiii. 9.
xxyii. 5.

Pibeseth, probably the same with Bubastuin, or Bubasto,
its derivation and import, Job xxyiii

. 17.

Ezek. xxx. 17.
Pearce, (Dr. Zachary) author of an excellent commentary on Pihahiroth, the third station of the Israelites in the wilder-

the Four Gospels, the Acts, and the First Epistle to the ness, what supposed to be its present appellation, Num.
Corinthians, General Preface, p. 8.

xxxii, 7.
Pearl, the production of a shell-fish of the oyster kind, called Pikudim, bopp, its derivation and import, Lev. xxvi. 15.

berberi, Job xxviii. 18. Sometimes found in the common Pilgash, wasb, rendered concubine, inquiry into its import,
oyster and muscle, ibid. Six pearls taken out of one oyster Gen. xxii. 24, xxxiv. 31.
by the author, ibid. Account of a pearl which formed the Pilgrim, a word of French or Latin origin, Gen. xlvii. 9.
entire body of a Hindoo idol, ibid.

Pilkington's reasons for the supposition that from the 12th to
Pecunia, money, whence derived, Psa. xv. 5.

the 31st verse of the first book of Samuel is an interpola,
Peleg, the son of Eber, from what circumstance he had his tion of some rabbin, 1 Sam. xvii., in fine.

name, Gen. x. 25. What is probably meant by the division Pillar of a cloud in the wilderness, observations concerning
of the earth which happened in his time, ibid.

the, Éxod. xiii. 21, xiv. 20.
Peninnah, import of the name, 1 Sam. i. 2.

Pillar of salt into which Lot's wife was changed, various
Pentateuch, Dr. Priestley's excellent observations respecting opinions and legends concerning the, Gen. xix. 26.
the, Deut. xxiv., in fine.

Pillars of heaven, what intended by this strongly figurative
Pentecost, feast of, why, instituted, Exod. xxiii. 14.

expression, Job xxvi. 11.
Peraoth, nonp, rendered revenges, what it properly imports, Pindar's elegant ridicule of the work of the statuary, when
Deut. xxxi. 42.

set in competition with his own poetry, Isa. xlvi. 3.
Perfection; Christian, doctrine of, stated and defended, Gen. Pinna magna, a species of muscle found on the shores of
xvü. 1; Psa. cxix. 96.

the Mediterranean, 1 Chron. xv. 27; Prov. xxxi. 22.
Perfume, holy, its component parts, Exod. xxx. 34.

Description of a pair of gloves which the author has seen
Perfumes, Eastern, aecount of the, Isa. iii. 24.

made of this very rich stuff, ibid.
Persuming the head, beard, and other parts of the bodies of Piscalor, (John) author of a comment on the whole Scrip-

guests very frequent in the East, Prov. xxvii. 9. Descrip- tures, General Preface, p. 6.
tion of two vessels in the author's possession, employed for Pitcher broken at the fountain, what meant by this phrase,
this purpose, ibid.

Eccles. xii. 6.
Peri, -p, import of this word when employed as a memorial Pitfall or fovea, among the ancients, what, Psa. vii. 15, lvii.

symbol, Masoretic notes at the end of Deuteronomy. 6; Isa. xxiv. 17, 18; Ezek. xix. 4.
Perillus, the first person burned alive in the brazen bull which Plagues of Egypt, times of their happening, according to

he had made for the punishment of others, Esth. vii. 9. Archbishop Usher, Exod. vii. 17. Critical observations on
TIeplynua, a sacrificial term among the ancient pagans, Lev. these Divine judgments, Exod. vii., et seq. Seven of these
xvi. 10.

plagues more largely described in the Samaritan copies than
Perizzites, where these people were probably situated, Josh. in the Hebrew, Exod. xi., in fine. Translation of the
üi. 10.

cleventh chapter of Exodus from the Samaritan text ranged
Perpetual fire of the Hebrews imitated by the ancient Persian in collateral columns with that in our common version, to

Magi, and their descendants the Parsees, Lev. vi. 13. Per- show the great additions in the former, ibid. General ob-
petual fire in the temple of Vesta, Lev. ix. 23.

servations on the ten plagues of Egypt, Exod. xii., in fine.
Perpetual table, showing, through the course of thirteen lunar Plane tree, conjectures why this tree was so named, Gen,

cycles, the day of the week with which the Jewish year
begins, and on which the passover is held, as also the length Planets, primary and secondary, tables of their revolutions,

of the months Marchesvan and Cisleu, Deut. xxxiv., in distances, &c., Gen. i. 1. To prevent mistake, it will be

proper to observe that the least and greatest distances of
Persic version of the Pentateuch, some account of the, Ge- the planets and satellites from the earth, contained in these
neral Preface, p. 22.

tables, are their perigeal and apogeal distances when the
Phagrus, an ancient object of idolatry, Exod. xx. 4.,

radii vectores of the planets are equal to the semimajor
Phalarica or falarica, a dart or spear with a spherical leaden axes of their orbits, the earth being in every case assumed

head, to which fire was attached, Psa. lxxvi. 3, cxx. 4. to be at its mean distance from the sun. But on account
Why so named, ibid.

of the eccentricities of the planetary orbits, the distances
Pharaoh, a common name for the kings of Egypt till the com- of the planets from the earth, when in perigec and apogee,

mencement of the monarchy of the Greeks, Gen. xii. 15, are very variable. The nearest possible approaches of the
xli. 44; Exod. i. 11. Why Pharaoh is called in the Koran inferior planets Mercury and Venus to the earth (viz., when
the lord or master of the nails, Isa. xxii. 23.

the inferior conjunction of each takes place in the higher
Pharez, import of the name, Gen. xxxvii. 29.

apsis) are, respectively, 52,376,602 and 27,339,176 English

xxv. 37.

Index to the Old Testament.

miles. The greatest possible distances of these planets sage in the Psalms which the Romanists allege in favour
from the earth (viz., when the superior conjunction of each of, Psa. cxxxviii. 1.
is made in the aphelion) are, respectively, 138,620,495 and Preaching from a text, probable origin of, Neh. vin., in fine.
163,667,549 English miles. The perigeal distances of Precession of the equinoxes, quantity of the, in 4138 years,
Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and Herschel (when the opposition Job ix., in fine. The precession caused by a very slow rero-
of each to the sun takes place in the lower apsis or perihe- lution of the celestial poles around the poles of the ecliptic,
lion) are respectively, 35,357,826, 376,944,330, 766,223,- Psa. xix. 5. See Equinoctial points, precession of the.
200, and 1,642,663,450 English miles. The greatest pos- Predestination, unconditional, to eternal life and to eternal
sible apogeal distances of these planets (viz., when the death, cannot be supported by the example of God's deal-
conjunction of each with the sun is in the higher apsis) are, ings with Jacob and Esau, or their posterity, Gen. Ixv. 23,
respectively, 255,709,508, 616,586,248, 1,056,059,684 and xxvii. 28–40, et in fine; xxix. 31 ; Mal. i. 3.
2,002,487,006 English miles. In these calculations the Presents to the great indispensable in Eastern countries, Isa.
eccentricities of the orbits of the planets, in English miles, lvii. 9. When accepted by the superior, a certain pledge
have been assumed as follows:-that of Mercury, 7,598,- of favour, Gen. xxxiii. 10. Offered with very great cere-
601; Venus, 471,320; the Earth, 1,604,800; Mars,

mony, Judg. ii. 18.

Numerous examples in Homer and
13,665,466; Jupiter, 24,346,964; Saturn, 50,988,386 ; other ancient writers of presents of arms and clothing made
and Herschel, 85,035,892.

by warriors to each other in token of friendship, 1 Sam.
Plant of renown, observations on the Hebrew words thus xviii. 4.
rendered, Ezek. xxxiv. 29.

Prevent, acceptation of this term among our English ances
Platforms common on the houses of the East, Judg. iii. 20. tors, Psa. xxi. 3.' Whence derived, ibid.
Plato, republic of, thoughts concerning the, Deut. xxxiv., in Pride ever makes its possessor unhappy, Esth. v. 13. Exam-

ples produced, ibid.
Pleilge of the beard, in the East, the most secure of all Prideaur's account of the monies of different nations, Exod.

pledges, which the owner will redeem at the hazard of his xxxix. 24.
life, 2 Sam. x. 4.

Priesthood, Jerish and pagan, none eligible to the, that had
Pleiades, Hebrew word so translated of very uncertain import, any sort of blemish, Lev. xxi. 17-21.
Job ix. 9, xxxviii. 31.

Priestley, (Rev. Dr.) author of a useful commentary on the
Ploughing the foundations of cities, a custom among ancient Scriptures, General Preface, p. 9.

conquerors to signify an irreparable and total destruction, Primasius, of Utica, account of this commentator, General
Mic. ii. 12.

Preface, p. 4.
Ploughing with one's heifer, or ploughing in another man's Primogeniture, rights generally supposed to have been attached

ground, what meant by this phrase among the ancient Jews, to, in ancient times, Gen. xxv. 31.
Greeks, and Romans, Judg xiv. 18.

Prisoners of the earth, Dr. Blayney's observations on the im-
Ploughing iniquity and reaping the same, a proverbial mode port of this phrase, Lam. ü. 34.

of expression, illustrated by quotations from sacred and Priry seal of many of our sovereigns appears to have been
profane writers, Job iv. 8.

inserted in their rings, Esth. ii. 9.
Plutarch's account of a man who, aiming a blow at his Probation, nature of a state of, defined, Num. v. 4.

enemy's life, cut open an imposthume, which, by a salutary Proclamation of T. Quintius, declaring freedom to the Gro-
discharge, saved his life, Prov. xxvii. 5.

cian cities, and the effect it had upon the inhabitants, as
Poetic compositions, titles of, among the Asiatics, frequently related by Livy, Psa. cxxvi. 1.

bore, no resemblance to the subjects, Psa. xxii, in princi- Prophecies of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Duniel, chronological
pio. Many examples produced, ibid.

arrangement of the, see chronological tables.
Poetry in use among all nations from the remotest antiquity, Prophecy of Isaiah against Babylon, one of the most beauti-

Exod. xv. I. Its advantages pointed out, ibid; Deut. ful examples that can be given of elegance of composi-
xxxi. 19. Character of the Hebrew poetry; and its great tion, variety of imagery, and sublimity of sentiment and
superiority, in many respects, over that of any other nation, diction, Isa. xiii., in principio.
Isa. ii. 13-16.

Prophecy concerning Nineveh, related by Diodorus Siculus,
Poison, trial by, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos, Nah. ii. 6.
Num. v., in fine.

Prophet, what this word imports in different parts of the sa-
Poison of serpents supposed by the ancients to consist in their cred oracles, Gen. xx. 7; 1 Sam. x. 5; 1 Kings Ivi. 29;

gall, which is thought to be copiously exuded when these 1 Chron. xxv. 1, 2. Celebrated prediction of Moses of a
animals are enraged, Job xx. 16.

prophet like unto himself, Deut. xvii. 15–19. Many rea-
Polygamy tolerated under the Mosaic dispensation, 2 Sam. v. sons advanced to show that this prophecy was fulfilled in

13. Shown to be unnatural, and what could not have Jesus the Christ, Deut. xviii, in fine, xxxiv. 10.
entered into the original design of God, ibid; Mal. i. 14, Prophetic song of Isaiah upon the overthrow of Babylon, see

Polytheism, in some of its branches, so utterly contemptible, Prophetical symbols, explanation of the, Introduction to Isaiah.

that it became an object of ridicule among the more serious Prophets, probably employed by the kings under whom they
heathens, Psa. cxv. 4. Quotation of a remarkable passage lived to compile the annals of their reigns, Preface to the
from Juvenal to this effect, ibid.

two books of Chronicles. Succession of prophets in the
Poole, (Matthcuo) account of this commentator, General Pre- Jewish Church, Introduction to Isaiah. Chronological ar-
face, pp. 7, 11.

rangement of the major and minor prophets, ibid. Dr.
Pools, Maundrell's description of the supposed remains of Smith's summary view and explanation of the writings of
those made by Solomon for the reception and preservation the prophets, ibid. Manner in which the prophets were
of the waters of a spring, Isa. i. 30.

generally clad, ibid. Former and latter, how divided by the
Popilius, remarkable aneodote concerning this Roman legate, Jews, Zech. vii. 7.
Dan. xi. 30,

Propter viam, a heathen sacrifice, in what it consisted, and
Porte, the, why the Ottoman court was probably so named, whence probably derived, Exod. xii. 10.
Isa. xxix. 21.

Prosclyte, derivation and import of the word, Exod. xi. 43.
Postdiluvian patriarchs, table of the great discrepances in Distinction between proselytes of the gate, and proselytes

the Hebrew, Samaritan, and Septuagint copies, with respect of justice, or of the covenant, ibid.
to the times they are stated to have lived before their sons' Prosopopæia, a figure of rhetoric very frequent in Scripture,
birth, Gen. v. 3.

Gen. 1. 25; Lev. xviii. 25 ; Isa. xiii., in principio; Jer. ü.
Potter's wheel, description of the, Jer. xviii. 3.

33, ix. 17; Lam. i. 4; Hos. j. 22; Zech. xii. 7.
Prester, terrible effects of the bite of the, as described by Prosperity and adversity shown to be no marks either of the
Lucan, Num. xxi. 6.

Divine approbation or disapprobation, Job ix. 24, xli., in fine.
Prayer, observations on, Psa. Ixxxviii. 2. Citation of a very Proverb, its derivation and import, Introduction to Proverbs.

remarkable passage from the Iliad upon this subject, ibid. A collection of Asiatic proverbs extracted from Galand's
Prayers to angels and departed saints, examination of a pas- Maximes des Orientaux, Prov. xxxi., in fine,

Index to the Old Testament.
Providence, general and particular, doctrine of, Esth. iv. 14; their passions, by singing, and playing upon the harp, 2 Kings
Psa. xcvii. 1.

iii. 15.
Providentia, Cicero's definition of this Latin word, Psa. Pythius the Lydian, immense wealth of this individual, accord-
xcvü. 1.

ing to Herodotus, Esth. iii. 9.
Psalms, book of, why called by the Hebrews bon po
Sepher Tehillim, Introduction to the Psalms. General

2 division of this book, ibid. Table of the differences in Quails, Hasselquist's account of flocks of these birds which

dividing the Psalms between the Hebrew text and the ancient he saw in Egypt, Num. xi. 31. Allusion, in the book of
versions, ibid. Compilation of the book, and the authors Job, to the quails which God showered down upon the
to whom the Psalms have been attributed, ibid. Classifi- murmuring Israelites pointed out, Job. xx. 23, &c. The
cation of the Psalms as they stand in our common version, quail considered by the ancient Egyptians an emblem of
ibid. Chronological arrangement of the book of Psalms, safety and security, Exod. xvi. 13.
ibid. Psalms which contain no note or indication of the Quaker, thoughts concerning the affirmation of a, in a court
time when written, ibid. Psalms composed by David while of judicature, Deut. vi., in fine.
persecuted by Saul, ibid. Psalms composed after the com- Queen of Sheba or queen of the south, who was contem-
mencement of the reign of David, and after the death of porary with Solomon, called Balkis by the Arabians, and
Saul, ibid. Psalms composed during the rebellion of Ab- Maqueda by the Abyssinians, 1 Kings x. 1.
salom, ibid. Psalms written between the rebellion of Ab- Quenching the light of Israel, what intended by this phrase,
salom and the Babylonish captivity, ibid. Psalıns composed 2 Sam. xiv. 7, xxi. 17.
during the captivity, ibid. "Psalıns written after the Jews Querns, among our Saxon ancestors, what, Judg. xvi. 21.
were permitted by the edict of Cyrus to return to their own Quesnel, remarks upon his Moral Reflections on the New
land, ibid. General observations on the great difference Testament, General Preface, p. 5.
of character, between the Hebrew poets and those of Greece Quintius, (T.) proclamation by this Roman general of free-
and Italy, ibid. Manner in which several of the Psalms dom to the Grecian cities at the time of the Isthmian
appear to have been composed, ibid. On the use made of games, and the extraordinary effect the words of the
the Psalms in the New Testament, ibid. On the subject herald had on the inhabitants, as related by Liyy, Psa.
matter of the Psalms, and the method of applying them, cxxvi. 1.
ibid. On the particular subject and use of each Psalm,
ibnd. General use of the Psalms in the Christian Church,

ibid. Observations on the metrical version of the Psalms Rabanus Maurus, account of this very voluminous commen,
by Sternlold and Hopkins, and on that by Dr. Brady and tator, General Preface, p. 4.
Nahum Tate, ibid. Reasons for the great discrepances Rabbinoo Isaiah, acc unt of this commentator, General Pre-
between the Psalms in the Prayer Book, called The Reading face, p. 2.

Psalms, and those in our authorized version, ibid. Anglo- Rabdomancy, explanation of this species of divination, Hos.
Saxon version of the one hundred and fourteenth Psalın, iv. 12.
with a literal reading, line for line, as near to the Saxon as Rabsaris, the name of an office, and not of a person, according
possible, to show the affinity of the languages, Psa. cxiv., to Calmet, 2 Kings xviii. 17.
in fine. Psalms which constitute the Great Hallel, Psa. | Rabshakeh, the name of an office, and not of a person, according
cxiii., in principio.

to Calmet, 2 Kings xviii. 17.
Psalter, why the book of Psalms is so named, Introduction Rahab, generally called the harlot, inquiry into her character,
to the Psalıns.

and reasons advanced to show that the original word trans-
Psaltery of ten strings, singular reason given by Eusebius lated harlot should rather be rendered a tavern-keeper,

why this instrument was used by David in celebrating the Josh. ii. 1.
praises of God, Psa. xcii. 3.

Raiment, shaking of the, what it imported among the ancient
Psylli, a people of Libya, whose peculiar property, according Jews, Neh. v. 13.

to Lucan, was to be unhurt by the bite of serpents, Isa. Rain, how produced, Gen. ii. 6; Exod. ix. 27; Job xxxvi.
xxvüi. 15.

27; Eccles. i. 7. Rain, according to St. Jerome, never
Pudding, description of this large collar of iron fastened to falls in Judea in the time of harvest, 1 Sam. xi. 17
the feet of slaves, Job xiii. 27.

Times of the former and latter rain, Jer. iii. 3. v, 24,
Puffendorf's excellent remarks concerning the manner of Rainbowo, origin and nature of the, Gen. ix. 13. Reasons

the king which God directed Samuel to show to the Israel- for believing that this phenomenon was of as frequent
ites, 1 Sam. viii. 9.

occurrence before as after the flood, ibid. Quotations from
Puncturcs indelibly made on different parts of the body both Homer and Virgil to show that both the Greeks and
by ancients and moderns, Isa. xliv. 5, xlix. 16.

Romans considered the rainbow as a Divine token or por-
Punon, the thirty-fifth station of the Israelites in the wilder- tent, Gen. ix, 17.
ness, where situated, Num. xxxin. 42.

Rakesh, pp rendered dromedaries, probably means post-
Pupil of the eye described, Eccles. xii. 3. Why so named, horse, l' Kings iv. 28.

Rakia, yp, translated firmament, proper meaning of the
Purim or feast of lots, for what purpose instituted, Exod.

term, Gen. i. 6.
xxii. 14; Esth. ix. 26. Manner in which the Jews at Ram, a sacred animal among the Egyptians, Exod. viii. 26.
present celebrate this festival, Esth. x., in fine. Part of Eusebius's reasons for this, ibid. Rams with red or violet-
the ceremony performed by the ancient Jews ordered to be coloured 'fceces often mentioned by ancient writers, Exod.
discontinued by the emperors Theodosius and Justinian,

XXV. 5.
and why, Esth. v., in fine, x., in fine,

Rameses, the same with Goshen, Gen. xlvi. 28, 34, xlvii. 23,
Purpura, a kind of shell-fish from which the famous Tyrian Ramoth, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name, Josh.
purple is supposed to have been obtained, Exod. xxv. 4;

XX. 7.
Prov. xxxi. 22.

Ranges for pots, description of an Arabian custom to which
Purver, (Anthony) author of an English translation of the this expression has an allusion, Lev. xi. 35.

whole Scriptures, with critical notes, General Preface, Rape of the Sabine women, substance of Livy's account of
p. 8.

the, Judg. xxi., in fine.
Pushtoo, the language of the Afghans, has a manifest resem- Raphelius, (G.) an eminent Biblical critic, General Preface,

blance to the Chaldaic, 2 Kings xvii. 6.
Pyramids of Egypt, conjecture respecting their origin, Exod. Rash judgments, doubly pernicious, 2 Sam. vi. 22.
'i. 11. Pliny's account of the time taken up in the erection Rushim, son, a degree of civil distinction among the
of one of the pyramids, and the number of men employed, Hebrews, Josh. xxiii. 2.
1 Kings vi., in fine.

Ravens, arguments to show that Elijah was not fed by these
Pyrocis, one of the horses of the sun, according to the pagan birds, as stated in our English version, but that the Hebrew

mythology, signification of the name, 2 Kings ii. 11. word om orbim, is probably the name of a people that
Pythagoreans accustomed to calin their minds, and sooth lived in or near Arabia, 1 Kings xvii., in fine,

p. 12.

"Index to the Old Testament.

Rebellion against the state, act of, defined, Judg. iii., in fine ; | Rimmon, a Syrian idol, possibly the same with the Remphan
Ezra iv. 19.

of the New Testament, 2 Kings v. 26. Supposed by
Rechabites, short sketch of their history, Jer. xxxv. 2.

Selden to be the same with Elion, a god of the Phæni
Red heifer, remarks upon several curious particulars respect- cians, ibid. Other suppositions, ibid.
ing the ordinance of the, Num. xix. 2.

Rimmon-parez, the fifteenth station of the Israelites in the
Red Sea, conjecture why so named, Exod. x. 19; Num. wilderness, Num. xxxii. 19.

xxiii: 10. Description of its two gulfs, ibid. - Observations Ring of Saturn, its perigeal and apogeal distances, diameter,
upon the miraculous separation of its waters in the time of time of rotation, and inclination of axis to the orbit of the
Moses, Exod. xiv. 21, et in fine. The sixth station of the planet, Gen. i. i.
Israelites in the wilderness was in the vicinity of this sea, Rings of gold, ensigns of civil power among the ancients,
Num, xxxiii, 10. Manifest allusion, in the book of Job, Psa. lxxiii. 6.
to the miraculous passage of the Israelites through the Red Rissah, the seventeenth station of the Israelites in the wilder
Sea, Job xxvi. 12.

ness, Num. xxxii. 21.
Redeemer of blood, who, among the Jews, Num. xxxv. 19. Rithmah, the fourteenth station of the Israelites in the wilder-
Redemption of the first-born, a rite still practised among the ness, where situated, and why so named, Num. XXXW.
Jews, Num. xviii

. 16. How performed, according to Leo 18.
of Modena, ibid.

River of the pool, see Pallacopas.
Refraction, observations on the nature of, 2 Kings XX., in Robe of the Jewish high priest, description of the, Exod.

fine. Extraordinary refraction of the rays of light in Nova xxviii. 4, 31.
Zembla in the year 1596, ibid.

Rock in Horeb, some account of the, Exod. xvü. 6; Psa. cv.
Rehoboam, Houbigant's conjecture relative to the age of this 41. Its present appearance, ibid.

prince at the commencement of his reign over Judah, 2 Rock of a sword, meaning of this phrase, Deut. vii. 8.
Chron. xii. 13.

Rolls of the Jews, how made, and in what manner written
Religion, in its pure state, the strongest bulwark of the state, upon, Jer. xxxvi. 2; Ezek. ii. 9, 10.

Chron. xxvi., in fine. Definition of true religion, Gen. Roman moneys, table of the, Exod. xxxviii. 24.
ix. 20; Prov. i. 7.

Rome, Ovid's account of the ceremonies used in laying the
Remes, pem, translated creeping thing, inquiry into its im- foundations of the walls of the city of, Neh. xii. 27.
port, Gen. i. 24.

Ropes of great strength made in Ireland of the fibres of bog.
Remigius of Auxerre, a commentator on the twelve minor wood, or the larger roots of the fir, Judg. xvi. 7. Ropes
prophets, General Preface, p. 4.

made of the leaves of the flag by the Egyptjans, Job vin.
Rending the clothes, a mark of deep affliction and distress 11.

among the ancients, Josh. vii. 6; 1 Sam. iv. 12; Ezra ix. Rotations of the sun, moon, and planets, in what times per-
3; Job i. 20, ii. 12; Jer. xvi. 6.

formed, Gen. i. 1.
Renominatus, derivation and import of this Latin term, Gen. Rough garments of the ancient prophets, some account of
vi. 4.

the, Zech. xiii. 4.
Rephaim, valley of, celebrated for its plentiful harvest, Isa. Rogal river, see Naharmalca.

xvii. 5. Used poetically for any fruitful country, ibid. Ruach, 7777, various opinions concerning the meaning of this
Repliidim, the tenth station of the Israelites in the wilderness, word, Gen. i. 2; Eccles. iii. 21.
Num. xxxii. 14.

Ruby, some account of the oriental, Job xxviii. 18. Its com-
Reprobation, unconditional, doctrine of, demonstrated to be a

ponent parts, Job xxxvii. 38.
lie against all the attributes of Deity, Psa. cxlv. 9; Jer. Rushn Achter's extraordinary fortune as expressed in a
xviii. 6.

Persian couplet, Eccles. iv. 15.
Responsive songs, frequent among the ancient Jews, Ísa. vi. Ruth, book of, uncertain by whom written, Preface to Ruth.
3, xxvii. 2, xl. 9.

Sum of its history, ibid.
Restitution, doctrine of, Gen. xlii., in fine.

Ratty, (Dr. John) extract from his Spiritual Diary, Introduc-
Resurrection of the dead, doctrine of the, a popular and com- tion to the Psalms.

mon doctrine among the Jews long before the advent of
our Lord, Isa. xxvi. 19, xlv. 8.

Retiarius, among the Romans, who, Job xix. 6; Mic. Saady, beautiful couplet in this poet, in which the work of
vii. 2.

, total desolation is most forcibly expressed, Job xviii. 15.
Reuben, import of the name, Gen. xxix. 32.

Saba, reservoir of, description of this stupendous work of
Revelation of God, particular explanation of the various terms antiquity, Isa. i. 30. By whom supposed to have been

employed to point out different properties of the, Lev. xxvi. constructed, ibid.
15 ; Psa. cxix., in principio.

Sabbath, observations on the institution of the, Gen ü. 3.
Reverend, and most reverend, observations on these ecclesi- Rigorous observances of this day by the ancient Jews,
astical titles, Psa. cxi. 9.

Exod. xvi. 29.
Revolutions, periodic and sidereal, of the sun, moon, and Sabbatus, Houbigant's excellent observations on the remarka-

planets, Gen. i. 1. Periodic and synodic revoluti of ble fulfilment of the prophecy that the land of Israel should
the satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, and the Georgium Sidus, enjoy her Sabbaths in a state of desolation which the Israel-

ites had profaned in the time of their prosperity, Lev. uri
Riblah, where this ancient city was situated, Jer. xxxix. 5. 34.
Rice, method practised by the ancients of sowing this grain, Sabbatical year, reasons for its institution, aecording to Cal-
Eccles. xi. 1 ; Isa. xxxii. 20.

met, Exod. xxiü. 11.
Rice, trial by, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos, Num. Sabeans, from whom descended, Gen. xxv. 3. In the opi-
v., in fine,

nion of Bruce, a distinct people from the Ethiopians,
Riches, instances of immense, possessed by some of the 1 Kings x. 1.
ancients, Esth. ii. 9.

Sabeism, in what this idolatrous system of religion consisted,
Ricinus or Palma Christ, account of the, as given by Cel- Job xxxi. 26.
sus, Jonah iv. 6.

Sanne women, account of the rape of the, Judg. xxi, iza
Ricknild or Icknild-street, where situated, Job xxiii. 11. fine.
Riddles or enigmas, customary among the ancient Greeks Sacceans, from whom thought to have descended, Gen.

to propose such at entertainments, and to give a recom- xxv. 2.
pense to those who found them out, Judg. xiv. 14. Ex- Sack, pw, a word that has passed into a great number of
amples of Greek enigmas, with their solutions, ibid. From languages, Job xvi. 15.

what the English word riddle is derived, Ezek. xvii. 2. Sackbut, why this musical instrument was probably so named,
Ridorus, (C. Cæcilius) immense wealth of this individual, Dan. iii. 5.
Esth. ii. 9.

Sacred hieroglyphics, explanation of the, Introduction to
Righlcous and righteousness, true etymology of these words, Isaiah,
Psa, xü. 8. Their import, ibid.

Sacrifices, design of the, under the Mosaic economy, twofold,

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