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Index to the Old Testament.

Kumund, a sort of running loop among the Persians, for what | Lentulus, the augur, the immense wealth this man is said to
purpose employed, Job xix. 6.

have possessed, Esth. in. 9.
Kurtuk Dumnik, Frazer's account of the, Judg. ix., in fine. Leopard, proverbial among the ancients for its swiftness,
Kypke, a great Biblical critic, General Preface, p. 12.

Hab. i. 8.

Leper, an emblem of the wretched state of man by the fall,
L.

acc ing to Dr. Lightfoot, as contradisti hed from the
Lachrymatories or Urnæ Lachrymales, small vials so named, NAZARITE, an emblem of man in his state of innocence,

into which it was customary among the ancient Greeks and Num. vi. 2.
Romans to put the tears shed for the death of any person, Leprosy, Maundrell's account of the appearance of several
and offer them upon the tomb of the deceased, Psa. lvi, 8. persons whom he saw infected with this disorder in Pales-
Of what materials these lachrymatories were constructed, tine, Lev. xu. 2. This malady a most expressive emblem

ibid. Account of one in the author's possession, ibid. of the pollution of the soul of man by sin, Lev. xii., in
Lad, a word supposed to be of Hebrew origin, Gen. xxxvii. 2. fine, xiv. in fine.
Ladder of Jacob, very probably an emblem of the providence Lethe, among the ancient mythologists, what, Psa. lxxxviii.

of God, by which he watches over and regulates all terres- 12.
trial things, Gen. xxviii. 12.

Letters, alphabetie, when and by whom invented, Exod. xxxi.,
Lahatim, -273, rendered enchantments, what the probable

in fine.
import of this term, Exod. vii. 11.

Lellers, sent to chiefs and governors in the East, always
Lake below the wine-press, what, Isa. V. 2.

carefully folded up, and put in costly silken bags, and
Lambs, immense number of, amually slain in Jerusalem at these carefully sealed, Neh. vi. 5. An open letter sent by

the seast of the passover, in the time of Cestius, the Roman Sanballat to Nehemiah a mark of contentpt, itd.
general, Num. xxix. 12.

Levi, import of the name, Gen. xxix. 34. Conjectures why
Lamech's speech to his wives, as it stands in the Hebrew the posterity of this patriarch were appointed to the service
original, probably the oldest piece of poetry in the world, of the sanctuary, Num. iii. 12. Very beautiful paronoma-
Gen. iv. 23. Inquiry into the cause of this remarkable sia on the name of Levi, Num. xviii. 2.
speech, ibid.

Levi ben Gershom, (Rabbi) account of this commentator,
Lamentations, very noisy among the Asiatics, Gen. xlv. 2. General Preface, p. 3.
Lamentations of Jeremiah, Hebrew names of this portion of Leviathan, supposed to be the crocodile, Job xli. 1 ; Isa.

the sacred canon, Introduction to the Lamentations. Its xxvin. 1. This hypothesis not without its difficulties, Job
appellation in the Septuagint version, ibid. Singular opi- xli., in fine. Not impossible that the animal described in
won of Herman Van der Hardt, relative to this poem, ibrid. Scripture under this name is now wholly extinct, ibid.
Its very technical character, ibid. Observations of Drs. Leviticus, the third book of the Pentateuch, why soʻnamed,
Lowth, Smith, and Blayney, on the peculiar style of this Preface to Leviticus.
composition, ibid.

Ler, derivation and import of the word, Exod. xii. 49.
Lamp, to raise up a, to a person, what intended by this Ler talionis, earliest account we have of the, Exod. xxi. 24.

phrase both in sacred and profane history, 2 Sam. xiv. 7. Constituted a part of the Twelve Tables so famous in an-
Lamps first introduced into the pagan temples by the Egyp- tiquity, ibid.
tians, Exod. xxv., in fine.

Libations of water, wine, milk, honey, and blood, frequent
Lampsacus, singular preservation of this city by Anaximenes, among the Greeks and Romans, 1 Sam. vii. 6 ; 2 Sam.
Eccles. ix. 14.

xxiu. 16. The term libation sometimes synonymous with
Lance, usual in Arab camps for every man to have his lance covenant, Isa, xxx. 1.

stuck in the ground beside him, that he may be ready for Libnah, the sixteenth station of the Israelites in the wilder.
action in a moment, 1 Sam. xxvi. 12.

ness, uncertain where situated, Num. xxxii. 20.
Land, measurement of, by the ancients by lines or cords of Lick, supposed to be of Hebrew origin, Prov. ü. 16.

a certam length, in a similar way to that by - the chain Lie, definition of a, Gen. xx. 12.
among us, and the schænus or cord among the Egyptians, Life, unreasonable attachment to, strongly ridiculed by the
Deut. u. 4.

hcathen poets, Gen. xxv. 8. Probable origin of the phrase,
Land of promise, some account of the, Num. xxxiv. 13. "I put my life in my hands," Judg. xii. 3.
Landmarks of the ancients, in what they generally consisted, Psa. cxix. 109.

Deut. xix. 14 ; Job xxiv. 2. Held very sacred among Liglu, inquiry into its production on the first day of the crea-
the Romans, and at last deified, Deut. xix. 14; Prov. xxii. tion, Gen. i. 3. Its immense diffusion and extreme velo-
28. A passage from Ovid in illustration of this circum-

city, itd. 1 Kings viii. 27; Job xxxviii. 26.
stance, Prov. xxii. 28.

Lightfoot, (Dr. John) a very learned commentator on the
Land-torrents, which make a sudden appearance, and as whole Scriptures, General Preface, p. 7.
suddenly vanish, allusion to, Job vi. 15.

Lignum infelix, the tree on which criminals were hanged so
Lapide, (Cornelius à) account of this voluminous commenta- named among the Romans, Josh. viii. 29.
tor, General Presace, p. 5.

Ligure, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17.
Lapis lazuli, its component parts, Job xxxviii. 38.

Limercece, a species of food, how prepared, 2 Sam. xvii. 28.
Lass, supposed to be a contraction of ladess, an old English Linen yarn, the import of the Hebrew word thus rendered
word sor a girl or young woman, Gen. xxxvi. 2.

extremely uncertain, 1 Kings x. 28.
Latter days, a phrase in Scripture generally importing the Lines in the writings of prose authors, as well as of poets,
tinies of the Messiah, Isa. ii. 2; Dan. ii. 28.

termed verses by the ancients, Introduction to Ezra.
Leaping on or over the threshold, what probably meant by Lion, Homer's beautiful description of the great courage and

this expression, Zeph. i. 9. Hariner's conjecture, ibid. fierceness of this animal after a long abstinence from food,
Leasing, derivation and meaning of this old English word, Isa. xxxi. 4. Five Hebrew words rendered lion in our
Psa. iv. 2, lv. 6.

version, with an inquiry into the particular import of each,
Leb, 23, and was, Lebab, what these words import when Job iv. 11.

employed by the Jews as memorial symbols, Masoretic Lion, the standard of Judah, Gen. xlix. 8.
notes at the end of Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Lion of God, an ancient appellation for a hero, a figure still
Lebeid, quotation of several sentiments from the poem of, employed in the same sense by the Arabians and Persians,

very similar to some in the book of Job, Job xxxi. 21. Isa. xxxiii. 7.
This poem contained in the Moallakat, Psa. lx., in Liverpool, great storm of hail near this town, Exod. ix. 17.
principio.

Living waters, what meant by this phrase among the an-
Lecha, 73, import of this Jewish memorial symbol, Masoretic cients, Gen. xxvi. 19; Lev. xiv. 5 ; Psa. xxxvi. 9; Zech.
notes 'at the end of Genesis.

xiv. 9.
Lectisternium, Jerome's account of this pagan festival of Lo, *3, the Hebrews had a peculiar way of joining this par-
antiquity, Isa. Ixv. 11.

ticle to a noun, to signify in a strong manner a total nega-
Leech, the ancient English word for a physician, Isa. iii. 7. tion of the thing expressed by the noun, Isa. x. 15. Seve.
Lemuel's description of a virtuous wife, Prov. xxxi. 10-31. ral examples produced, ibid.

Its import,

Index to the Old Testament.
Loudstone, probably known in the East long before its disco- | Magnitudes, bulks, or volumes of the sun, moon, and planets,
very by the Europeans, Job xxviii. 18.

compared with that of the earth, Gen. i. 1.
Lo-ammi, son of Hosea, meaning of the name, Hos. i. 9. Magog, conjecture where situated, Ezek. xxvi. 2.
Locke, account of this commentator, General Preface, p. 8. Maher-shalal-hash-baz, meaning of the name, Isa. viii. 1.
Locusts, description of the, Exod. x 4. Volney's account Maimonides, or Rabbi Moses ben Maimon, account of this

of their terrible devastations in Syria, Egypt, and Persia, commentator, General Preface, p. 3.
ibid. Dr. Shaw's relation of most formidable swarms of Major hostia, or chief sacrifice, what so considered by the
these insects in Barbary which came under his immediate

pagans, according to Livy, Lev. i. 2.
observation, ibid. ; Joel i. 12, ii. 2. Curious remark of an Makheloth, the twenty-first station of the Israelites in the
Arabic writer with respect to the similitude of the locust wilderness, Num. xxxm. 25.
to ten different kinds of animals, Joel ii. 4. Relation by Malachi, some account of this prophet, Mai. i., in prin
Livy and Augustine of a pestilence occasioned by an im- cimo.
mense swarm of locusts, Joel ii. 20.

Maldonat, (John) a commentator on particular parts of tbe
Log, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity, Old and New Testaments, General Preface, p. 5.
Exod. xvi. 16.

Manasseh, why so named, Gen. xli. 51.
Long, (Dr.) his ingenious experiment to ascertain the super- Mandrakes, some account of these plants, Gen. xxx. 14.

ficial proportion of land and water on the whole terraqueous Manes, or ghosts of the dead, or spirits presiding orer the
globe, Gen. i. 10, vü. 11; Job xxvi. 25.

dead, formerly supposed to have their habitation in the
Longevity, some instances of, among the moderns, Psa. xc., centre of the earth, or in the deepest pits or cavems, Job
in fine.

xxviii. 11. A quotation from Ovid to this effect, ibid.
Longinus, ( Dionysius) his remarkable criticism upon passages Several captives have sometimes, in tune of war, beca

in the first chapter of Genesis, Gen. i. 3; Preface to sacrificed to the mancs of the departed hero, 2 Chron. ivi,
Job.

in fine.
Lord, its derivation and import, Gen. ii. 4.

Manifesto of the Duke of Brunswick, reflections on this
Lord's day, or Christian Sabbath, should be kept strictly document, 2 Kings xviii. 17; Isa. xxxvi. 9.
holy, Amos viu. 5.

Manna, why so named, Exod. xvi. 15.
Lord's prayer, as it stands in the present authorized version, Manners of the ancients and moderns compared, 2 Sam. vi,

exhibits the best specimen of our ancient language now in in fine.
use, Preface to Job.

Mantes, or bald locusts, Dr. Shaw's account of the, Joel
Lo-ruhamah, import of the name, Hos. i. 6.

ii. 2.
Lost property, laws relative to the finding of, among the Mantle or pallium, the peculiar garb of a Hebrew prophet,
Hebrews, Romans, and others, Lev. vi. 3.

1 Kings xix. 19; 2 Kings ii. 8. Probably dressed with
Lol, meaning and use of the, Num. xxxvi. 55. Manner of the hair on, ibid. A sort of mantle was the habit of the

casting lots in the case of the scape-goat, Lev. xvi. 8, 9. Greek philosophers, 1 Kings xix., in fine
How the land of Canaan was divided to the Israelites by Marah, the fourth station of the Israelites in the wildemess,
lot, Josh. xiv. 2, xvii. 11.

where supposed to be situated, Num. xxxm. 8.
Lo techsar, nonn 43, import of these words when used as a Marble, temple built of large blocks of white marble, beauti-
memorial symbol, Vlasoretic notes at the end of Deutero- fully polished, according to Josephus, i Chron. xxix 2.

Mareshah, Maresheth, or Marasthi, a place famous for being
Louis de Dicu, account of this commentator, General Pre- the birth-place of the prophet Micah, and for a battle fought
face, p. 5.

near it between Asa, king of Judah, and Zerah, king of the
Louis XIV., motto on the brass ordnance of, Judg. xiv. 3. Ethiopians, Josh. xv. 44.
Love of God, Deut. vi. 5, X. 12, xi. 1.

Mark, variety of opinions respecting that which God set upon
Love of neighbour, Scripture prccept concerning, Lev. xix. Cain, Gen. iv, 15.
18.

Marks indelibly printed on the hands and other parts of
Lowth, (Dr.) a very celebrated commentator on portions of the body, both by ancients and moderns, Isa. xliv. 5,

the Old Testament Scriptures, General Presace, pp. 8, xlvi. 16.
10.

Maroth, xina, rendered looking-wasses in our version,
Lu, 73, import of this Hebrew interjection when used as a signifies polished metallic surfaces of any description, Exod.

memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the end of Numbers. Xxxvii. 8.
Lucan's description of the splendour of the apartments of Marriage, a very solemn contract among the ancients, Gm.
Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, Ezek. xxviii. 14.

xxix. 22.

Reason for believing that sacrifices were offered
Lud, the same with Lydia, Ezek: xxvii. 10.

and libations poured out on such an occasion, ibid. Cus-
Luther, (Martin) character of, 2 Kings xij. 6.

tomary in the East, according to Sir John Chardın, for
Lurury, formerly the characteristic of the Eastern princes, youths that were never married always to marry rirgins,
and particularly of the Persians, Esth. i. 4.

and widowers, however young, to marry widows, Isa. in.
Lying, excellent advice of a genuine Christian poct against, 5. Remarkable law among the Gentoos respecting mar-
Josh. ii., in fine. Saying of Diphilus upon this subject riage, Gen. xxix. 26. Customary in ancient times for a

not defensible upon Christian principles, 1 Sam. xxi. 2. king or great man to promise his daughter in marriage to
Lyranus, or Nicholas de Lyra, account of this commentator, him who should take a city, kill an enemy, &c. Josh sv.
General Preface, p. 3.

Marriage ceremonies among the Romans, Song v. 5.
M

Marrou, in what manner this substance is contained in the
Maachah, mother of Asa, king of Judah, inquiry into the bones, Prov. iii. 8. The solidity and strength of the bone

nature of the idolatry patronized by this woman, 1 Kings occasioned by the marrow which is diffused ihrough it, ihd.
xv. 13.

This circumstance illustrated oy an easy experinent,
Mabul, 379, a word applied only to the general deluge, ibid.
Gen. vi, 17. Its derivation, Gen. vii. 11.

Mars, periodic and sidercal revolutions, semimajor axis of
Maccabees, very fanciful rabbinical derivation of the name of orbit in English miles, perigea, and apogeal distances,
this people, Psa. xxi. 15.

diameter, relative volume or bulk, time of rotation, inchina-
Machpelah, care at, the first public burying-place mentioned tion of axis to orbit, mass or attractive power compared
in history, Gen. xlix. 29.

with that of the earth, (from which the density or specific
Macknight, (Dr.) author of a translation of the Epistles, with gravity is easily deducible,) and mean hourly orbitical mo-
notes, General Preface, p. 8.

tion, of this primary planet, Gen. 1. 1.
Macdi, a tribe of Arabs, whence so named, Isa. xlii. 11. Marseilles, ancient inhabitants of, when afflicted with any
Magian religion, great principle of the, Isa. xlv. 7.

pestilence, sacrificed one of their citizens to appease the
Magnet, reasons for believing that this stone was known in wrath of the divinity, Lev. xvi. 10.

the East long before its discovery by the Europeans, Job Martın, (David) translator of the Scriptures into French,
xxviii. 18.

with notes, General Preface, p. 7.

noiny.

16.

Index to the Old Testament.

20.

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Maschil or Maskil, why this title is given to several of the perigeal and apogeal distances, when the radius vector is
Psalms, Psa. xxxii., in principio.

precisely one half of the line of the apsides ; diameter ;
Mashal, what, among the Hebrews, Isa. vi. 10, xiv. 4, xxvii. relative magnitude ; volume or bulk; mass or attractive
20, xxix. 17.

power, that of the earth being considered as unity; and
Mask, definition of a composition so named, Introduction to mean hourly orbitical motion, of this primary planet, Gen.
Solomon's Song

i. 1.
Masoretes, account of these eminent Jewish commentators, Mercury, considered by the ancients as the deity who pre-
General Preface, p. 2.

sided over highways, Prov. xxvi. 8.
Masoretic punctuations, critical observations on the, Isa. Ixvi., Mercy-seat, why so named, Exod, xxv. 17. Its description,
in fine.

ibid.
Massa, Ana, rendered burden, inquiry into the meaning of Merib-baal, the same with Mephibosheth, 1 Chron. viii. 34.
this word, Nah. i. 1 ; Hab. i. 1; Zech. ix. 1.

Why the Israelites changed Merib-baal into Mephibosheth,
Masses, or attractive powers, of the sun, moon, and primary ibid.

planets, compared with that of the earth, Gen. 1. 1. Meshach, import of the name, Dan. i. 7.
Mastodon, or Mammoth, an animal long since extinct, Gen. Meshelim, of the ancient Asiatics, probably the same with the

i. 24; Job xl. 15. Description of a part of a skele- poeta of the western world, Num. xxi. 27, xxii. 6.
ton of this animal, ibid. Calculation of the probable stature Mesopotamia, why this country was so named, Gen. xxxv.
of the mammoth, iInd. Reasons for the supposition that 26 ; Judg. iii. 8. Where situated, ibid. ; Amos ix. 7.
the mammoth is the same with the behemoth of Job, ibid. Messiah, import of the term, Gen. xlix. 8; Exod. xxix. 7.
Materia medica of the ancients extremely simple, Isa. i. 6. Metal, some account of a factitious, in use among the Asiatics,
Materiality of the human soul, a doctrine which has no place as bright and fine as gold, Ezra vùi. 26.

in the sacred records, Num. xvi. 22 ; Job xiv. 12 ; Psa. ¡ Metallic image, discourse on Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the
Ixxviii, 39; Eccles. ii, 21.

Dan. ü., in fine.
Maurbanie, what the Aleppines mean by this term, Song Metallurgy, the Israelites employed in, in Egypt, Deut. iv.

Ï. 11.
Maver-al-nahar, where situated, and why so named, Jer. Metheg-ammah, a word of very doubtful import, 2 Sam, vüi.
ii. 18.

1. Variously rendered by the versions, ibid.
Maxim advanced by some, that children ought not to be Methuselah, the oldest man on record, Gen. v. 27. Meaning

taught religion, but should be left to themselves till they of his name, Gen. v., in fine. Apparently prophetical of
are capable of making a choice, considered, Deut. vi., in the destruction of the world by water, ibid.
fine.

Mezahab, rabbinical gloss on this name, 1 Chron. i. 50.
Measures of capacity among the Hebrews, short account of Micah, some account of this prophet, Introduction to Micah.
the, Exod. xvi. 16.

Newcome's observations on the style of his writings,
Mecasheph, apan, its import, Deut. xviii. 10.

ibid.
Mecholoth, 55 ha, rendered dances, what it properly signifies, Michtam, or Mictam, meaning of this word, Psa. xvi, in
Exod. xv. 20.

principio, lx., in principio.
Medicine, art of, in the East, in what it principally consists, Mid-day, the time allotted by the heathens for the worship-
Isa. i. 6.

ping of demons, Psa. xci. 6.
Mediterranean, why called the Great Sea in Scripture, Josh. Migdol, the same with Magdolum, Jer. xlvi. 14.
i. 4.

Mikoch, 177p, a word of very uncertain import, 1 Kings x.
Mcdulla oblongata, or spinal marrow, the silver cord of 28. Variously rendered in the versions, ibid.
Scripture, Eccles. xi. 6.

Milcom, an idol of the Ammonites, 1 Kings xi. 5; 2 Kings
Megiddo, the same with Magdelum, according to Usher, xxii. 13 ; Jer. xlix. 1; Amos i. 15.
2 Kings xxiv. 30.

Milk and honey, land flowing with, a figure used by sacred
Megilloch, what books of the sacred canon are so named by and profane writers to denote great fertility, Exod. iii. 8;
the Jews, Introduction to the Lamentations.

Job xx. 17; Ezek. xx. 6.
Meimra, wyna, and bang pithgam, very remarkable dis- Milly-way or Galary, Dr. Herschel's idea of the nature of

tinction between, in the Targum of Joseph, 2 Chron. i. 9. the, Gen. i 16. Prodigious multitude of stars in the
See Word.

milky-way which passed through the field of view in his
Melancthon, (Philip) character of, 2 Kings xii. 6.

telescope in the space of forty-one minutes of time, ibid.
Melas, why the Nile was so named by the Greeks, Isa. Mill, when the noise of the, is not heard, how a sign of deso-
xxii. 3.

lation, Jer. xxv. 10.
Melchizedek, king of Salem, derivation and import of his Mill, behind the, inquiry into the meaning of this phrasc,
name, Gen. xiv. 18; Josh. x. 1.

Exod. xi, 5.
Melitta, every young woman of Babylon obliged. once in her Millenary of the world, reflections upon our Saviour's being
life, according to Herodotus, to prostitute herself to some born at the termination of the fourth, Gen. i. 16.
stranger in honour of this idol, 2 Kings xvii., in fine. Mills, grinding at, the work of females in Algiers, Tunis,
Melitta the same with the Venus of the Greeks and and other places, Isa. xlvii. %.
Romans, ibid.

Mingrelia, inhabitants of, sleep with their swords under their
Melo, the same with the Nile, Isa. xxii. 3, Why so named, heads, and their other arms by their sides, Isa. xii., in
ibid.

principio.
Memorial symbols of the Jews, several curious examples of Mining, process of, among the ancients, Job xxviii. 1, &c,

the, Masoretic notes at the end of Genesis, Exodus, Levi- Difficulties miners had to encounter previously to the in-
ticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua.

vention of the steam-engine, Job xxviii. 4, &c.
Memphis, now Cairo, Hos. ix. 6.

Minister, anecdote of a, Psa. Ixv. 2.
Menachash, phun, its derivation and import, Deut. xviii. Ministry, Divine call to the, and directions for the proper
10.

discharge of the ministerial office, Ezek. xxxiv. 6.
Meni, supposed to have been an object of idolatrous worship Minor prophets, order and time in which they flourished, ac-
among the ancient Hebrews, Isa. lxv, 11.

cording to Archbishop Newcome, Introduction to Hosea.
Menochius, (John) account of this commentator, General Mirrors of brass, steel, tin, copper, and silver, in use among
Preface, p. 5.

the ancients, Exod. xxxviii. 8; Isa. viii. 1.
Menu, some account of the institutes of, by the late Sir Misenus, funeral rites paid to, as related by Virgil, 2 Chron.
William Jones, Deut. xxxiv., in fine.

xvi., in fine.
Merab, or Saba, city of

, account of a dreadful inundation by Misery, in what manner the animal system is affected at the
which this ancient city was overthrown, Isa. i. 30.

sight of, Jer. iv. 19.
Merachepheth, nennp, inquiry into the meaning of this term, Mishael, import of this name, Dan. 1. 7.
Gen. i. 2.

Mishemerotim, buninnwn, its derivation and import, Lev.
Mercury, revolutions as measured by the cquinoxes and xxvi. 15.

ixed stars ; semimajor axis of orbit in English miles ; | Mishnah, or oral law of the Jews, account of the, Genera

Index to the Old Testament.
Preface, p. 2. When composed, according to Prideaux | Mourning songs or lamentations, composed by the Hebrews
and Lardner, Isa. lii. 8.

upon the death of great men, princes, and heroes, Lam. v.,
Mishpal, ubirn, its import, Isa. xlii. 1. A beautiful parono-

in fine.
masia on this word, Isa. v. 7.

Mourning women, account of the, among the ancients, who
Misletoe, held in extraordinary veneration among the ancient were hired to make lamentations for the dead, Jer. ix. 17.

Druids, Gen. xxi. 33. The golden branch mentioned by Muagrus of the Eleans; why this idol was so named, Exod.
Virgil apparently an allusion to this plant, ibid.

viii. 24.
Mithcah, the twenty-fourth station of the Israelites in the Muahada uvanelv, a Greek paronomasia, Job xxxi., in

wilderness, Calmet's conjecture concerning, Num. xxxii. fine.
28.

Multitia, multicia, or coavestis, a name given by the
Mitre, its derivation and import, Exod. xxviii. 4.

Romans to the transparent garments of the Greeks, Isa. ii.
Mitsevoth, syr, its derivation and import, Lev. xxvi. 15. 23. Sometimes worn even by the men, but looked upon
Mizbeach, nana, rendered altar, what it properly signifies, as a mark of great effeminacy, ibid. Humorous and sati-
Gen. viii. 20, xü. 18.

rical description of the multitia by Publius Syrus, ibid.
Mizmor, hopin, why a Psalm was so named among the Mummies, description of the Egyptian, Gen. I 2. Peter da

Hebrews, Introduction to the Psalms ; Psa. iii., in prin. Val's account of a mummy supposed to be the remains of
cipio.

one of the supreme judges, Exod. xxvii. 30. Manner in
Mneris, an object of idolatry among the ancient Egyptians, which the mummies were wrapped round with strong
Hos. viii. 5.

swathings of linen or cotton cloth, Job xl. 13; Prov. xxi.
Moab, plains of, the forty-first station of the Israelites in the 22.
wilderness, Num. xxxiii. 48.

Munster, (Sebastian) a Protestant commentator, General
Moadim, b-7872, translated seasons, inquiry into its import, Preface, p. 6.
Gen. i. 14.

Mvwdns, why this epithet was applied to the supreme divinity
Moallakat, some account of this collection of Arabic poems, of the heathens, Exod, vui. 24.
Psa. Ix., in principio.

Murder, the only crime for which a human being should be
Modhahebat, a collection of Arabic poems, why so named, punished with death, Gen. ix. 6.
Psa. Ix., in principio.

Murer or purpura, a species of shell-fish, from which the
Molech, curious rabbinical description of this idol, Lev. Tyrian purple is supposed to have been obtained, Exod
XX. 2.

XXV. 4 ; Deut. xxxu. 19.
Molech, passing through the fire to, several opinions con- Muscarum abactor, why this epithet was given to Hercules,
cerning the meaning of this phrase, Lev. xviii. 21.

Exod. vii. 24.
Monarchy, hereditary succession in a, to be preferred to the Music, Treatise on, by Philodemus, where discovered, 2 Chron
elective, 1 Kings i. 12.

Xxxiv. 12.
Mongoz, this animal kept by the inhabitants of the East for Music, strange effects of, 2 Kings, iii. 15.

the purpose of destroying the snakes that infest them, Musical instruments, observations on the use of, in the house
Amos v. 19.

of God, 1 Chron. v. 39, xvi. 42; 2 Chron. Iwx. 35 ;
Moneys of different ancient nations, tables of the, Exod. Amos vi. 5. Condemned, see Psa lxi. 1. Reasons for
Xxxviii, 24.

believing that musical instruments were employed to en-
Monoceros of Scripture, probably the same with the rhino- courage and enliven the workmen when engaged in the
ceros, Psa. xcii. 10.

repairs of the temple in the reign of Josiah, 2 Chron.
Monodon, see Naruall.

xxxiv. 12.
Montgomery's metrical version of the principal passages in Musine or Mosaic work, origin of, Esth. i. 6.
the seventy-second Psalm, Psa. Ixxii., in fine.

Myses, a name of Bacchus in the hymns of Orpheus, evi-
Months, names of the, among the Hebrews, 1 Kings vi. 1. dently borrowed from the name of the great Jewish legis-
Moon, great probability of her being a habitable globe, Gen. lator, Exod. iv. 17.

i. 16. Telescopic appearance of her disk, ibid. . Periodic Mystical or spiritual sense, very often the most literal of all,
and sidereal revolutions; mean distance from the sun;

Isa. lii. 13,
perigeal and apogeal distances ; diameter; relative magni-
tude, volume, or bulk ; time of rotation ; inclination of

N.
axis to orbit ; mass, quantity of matter, or attractive power, Nabatheans, their origin, Gen. xxv. 13.
that of the earth being considered as unity; and mean Nab, g, rendered prophet in our version, its precise import,
hourly orbitical motion; of this secondary płanet, Gen.

Num. xi. 25.
i: 1.

Nachash, wh, commonly translated serpent, has several
Moorish dress, Jackson's description of the, Judg. xiv. 12. meanings in the Old Testament, Gen. m. 1. A variety of
Mosaic chronoiogy, specious objections of modern 'skeptics, reasons produced to show that the animal instrumental in
against the, answered, Gen. l., in fine.

deceiving our first parents was probably of the simia genus,
Mosaic pavement, some account of the, Exod. xxiv. 10. ibid. Objection against this hypothesis, that the Septuagint
Its origin, Esth. i. 6.

version and the New Testament pri nachash is translated
Moscovites, from whom descended, Gen. x. 2.

by ools, answered, ibid.
Moseroth, the twenty-sixth station of the Israelites in the Naharaga, soc Pallacopas.

wilderness, conjectures respecting. Num. xxxiii. 30, 37. | Naharmalca or the Royal River, a canal constructed by Ne-
Moses, why so named, Exod. ii. 10. His character as a buchadnezzar to let the abundant waters of the Euphrates

historian, philosopher, and chronologer, Gen. l., in fine. into the Tigris, Isa. xliv. 27.
Observations on the staying up of his hands in the conflict Nahum, some account of this prophet, Introduction to Nahum.
of the children of Israel with the Amalekites, Exod. xvii. Nails, staining of the, practised by the ancient Egyptians and
11. Enumeration by Moses of the seren different means modern Indians, Deut. xxi. 12.
used by the Almighty in effecting Israel's deliverance, Nails, spikes, or pegs of the ancients, some account of the,
Deut. iv. 34. Sketch of the history and character of

Isa. xxi. 23.
Moses, Exod. xix., in fine; Deut. xxxiv., in fine. Naksi Rustam, description of the, Isa. Xxii. 16.
Moths, various modes adopted in the destruction of these Names of the ancient generals and princes frequently taken
insects, Gen. xxvii. 27.

from those of birds and beasts, Judg. vii. 25.
Motto, very singular one affixed to a pamphlet written by a Names, changing of, frequent among the ancients, 3 Kings

young woman of the city of Gloucester against Bishop xxiii. 34. A mark of supremacy, in those wbo changed
Warburton's Doctrine of Grace, 2 Kings xix. 21.

them, ibid.
Mountain of God, import of this Hebraism, Psa. xxxvi. 6. Napcir, (John) account of his commentary on the revelation
Mountain torrents, how produced, Job xxiv. 8.

of St. John, General Preface, p. 22.
Mourning sometimes indicated among the ancients by the Naphtali, why so named, Gen. xxx. 8.

changing or reversing the harness or ornaments of cattle, Napkin or kerchief, by which a Jewish criminal was strangled,
Jonah u. 8.

why buried with him in the same grave, Isa. xv. 19.
850

( 54 )

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חרם

Index to the Old Testament.
Napolcon, reflections on the singular_fortune and sudden re- among the ancient Egyptians, Exod. vii. 15; viii. 26.

verses of this late emperor of the French, Psa. cvii. 40, Great salubrity and peculiar pleasantness of its waters,
Narwall or monodon, a species of whale, with a very fine Exod. vii. 18. Abounds with incredible numbers of all

curled ivory horn, Pșa. xxii. 21. Length of a horn of this sorts of fish, according to Diodorus, Isa. xix. 8.
animal in the author's possession, ibid.

Nilus, a name given to Bacchus, by Diodorus and Macrobius,
Nathan the prophet, author of a history of the reign of Solo- on account of his being said to have been exposed on the
mon, long since lost, 1 Kings xi, 41.

Nile, Exod. iv. 17.
Natron of the ancients, some account of the, Prov. xxv. 20. Nimbus. A practice among many nations to represent
Used in the East, according to Dr. Shaw, for the purposes

those men to whom they attributed extraordinary sanctity,
of washing, ibid ; Jer. ii. 22.

and whom they supposed to have had familiar intercourse
Nature, observations on this divinity of the modern infidel, with the Deity; with a lucid nimbus or glory round their
Job v. 5.

heads, Exod. xxxiv. 29.
Nature, divine and human, in Christ. See on Psa. xxii. 20. Nimrod, probably the same with Ninus, Gen. x. 11.
Navel-string, the medium by which the fetus receives nour- Nincreh, some account of this very celebrated city of anti-

ishment while in the womb of its mother, Prov. iii. 8; Song quity, Jonah i. 2, iii. 3. Bishop Newton's remarks upon
vit. %.

the fall and irretrievable ruin of Nineveh, Nah. iii., in fine.
Nausicaa, daughter of Alcinous, king of the Phæacians, anec- Ninyas, son of Ninus and Seniramis, supposed by Dr.
dote concerning, Exod. ii. 4.

Shuckford to be the same with Chedorlaomer, Gen. xiv. 1.
Nazarite, enumeration of the partieulars in which the vow of Nissah, 103, rendered tempt, what it properly imports, Gen.
a, consisted, Num. vi. 5.

xxii. 1.
Nebel, 379, probably a musical instrument similar to the bag. Noah, whence this name is probably derived, Gen. v. 29.
pipe, 1 Sam. x. 5; Psa. lxxxi. 2.

No-Ammon, the Diospolis of the Greeks, Nah. iii. 8.
Nebuchadnezzar, in what the malady of this Babylonish Nominative case often used for the vocalive by the ancient
monarch probably consisted, Dan. iv. 32.

Greeks, especially in the Attic dialect of their language,
Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the metallic image, discourse on, Psa. xlv. 6.
Dan. ii., in fine.

Nopos, its derivation and import, Exod. xii. 49.
Necoth, 6x5, rendered spices, what it imports, Gen. xliii. 11. Nonnus the poet, quoted Zech. ix. 14. See notes.
Necromancy, pretenders to the art of, among the ancients, | Noonday, the time allotted by the heathens for the worship-
chiefly women, Isa. xxix. 4.

ping of demons, Psa. xci. 6.
Neder, 57), account of this species of Jewish vow, Lev. Noph, the same which was afterwards named Memphis, and
xxvii. 29. In what it differed from the cherem,

,

ibid. now Cairo, Ezek. xxx. 13; Jer. ii. 16; xlvii. 14.
Negonoth, probable import of this term, Psa. v., in principio; Northern army, why this name is given to immense swarms
Hab. i. 19.

of locusts, Joel ii. 20.
Nego, one of the Babylonish divinities, Dan. 1. 7.

Norwich, ancient city of, formerly stood some miles from the
Nehemiah, biography of this eminent reformer of Israel, In- modern city so named, Josh. xvi., in fine.

troduction to Nchemiah, and chap. xiii., in fine. Eminent Nose or nostrils, considered by the ancients the seat of
men who were contemporary with Nehemiah, Chronologi- anger, Psa. xviii. 8.
cal notes at the commencement of Nehemiah.

Nose, cutting off the, a frequent punishment of adulterers
Nehiloth, probable import of this term, Psa. v., in principio. among the Persians and Chaldeans, Ezek. xxiii. 25. Adul-
Nchushtan, the name given by Hezekiah to the brazen serpent teresses formerly thus treated by the Egyptians, ibid.

of Moses, conjectures why so denominated, 2 Kings Nose-ring, or jewel for the nose, of very frequent use in the
xviii. 4.

East, Gen. xxiv. 22; Prov. xxv. 12 ; Isa. iii. 21.
Neith, a name of Diana, Exod. x. 9.

Nova Zembla, extraordinary instance of refraction of the solar
Nephalim, gay, rendered giants, much more probable light in this island in the sixteenth century, 2 Kings xx., in
meaning of the original word, Gen. vi. 4.

fine.
Neptune, remarkable speech of, to the winds, contained in the Norus, not unfrequently synonymous with magnus mirandus,
Æneid, Psa. xxvii. 13.

Psa. cxlix. 1.
Nergal, an idol of the Cutheans, supposed to have been the Numanus, remarkable saying of, to the Trojans, as related by

sun, and why, 2 Kings xvii., in fine. How represented, Virgil, Nah. iii. 13.
according to the rabbins, ibid.

Numbers, the fourth book of the Pentateuch, why so named,
Nesek, why usury was so named by the Jewys, Ezek. Preface. to Numbers..
xviii.

Numbers in the sacred Scriptures often erronevus, and why,
Ness's observations on the marriage of Orpah and Ruth, 2 Sam. x. 18.
Ruth i., in fine.

Nuptial crown, among the Greeks and Romans, what, Song
Net, description of that species of combat among the Ro-

11. 11,
mans, in which one of the combatants was armed with a
sword and shield, and the other with a trident and net, Job

0.
xix. 6.

Oak, a sacred tree among the ancient Greeks and Romans,
Newcomc, (Dr.) translator of the minor prophets, with critical Gen. xxi. 23; the Druids had their feasts and sacrifices
notes, General Prefacc, p. 10.

under it, ibid. Why this tree was named robur by the Ro-
New moon, feast of the, when celebrated, Exod. xxiii. 14; mans, Hos. iv. 13. ' Accounted one of the most long-lived

Psa. Ixxxi. 3. Method adopted by the ancient Jews of of all the trees of the forest, Isa. Ixv. 22.
ascertaining the day of the new moon, Psa. Ixxxi. 3. Oath, inquiry into the spirit and essence of an, Gen. xxiv. 9;
New song, meaning of this phrase illustrated by two quota- Deut. vi., in fine.
tions from Virgil, Psa. cxlix. 1.

Obadiah, some account of this prophet, Obad., in principio.
New-year's-day,,a time of festivity in all civilized nations, Obed, the father of Jesse, why so named, Ruth iv. 17.
Num. xxix. 1.

Obed-edom, very curious and whimsical rabbinical account of
Nibhaz, an object of idolatrous worship among the Avites, the mode in which God is said to have blessed this Gittite,

2 Kings xvii., in fine. According to the rabbins, was in while the ark remained in his house, 1 Chron. xiü. 14.
the shape of a dog, much like the Anubis of the Egyptians, Oboth, 6733, what this term imports, Lev. xix. 31.
ibid. Conjecture respecting the derivation of the name, Oboth, , the thirty-sixth station of the Israelites in the

ibid. Jurieu's ingenious idea upon this subject, ibid. wilderness, Num. xxxii. 43.
Night, very philosophical saying of Servius respecting, in his Ode, what is generally understood by this term, Introduction

comment upon a passage in the fourth Æneid, Job vii. 2. to the Song of Solomon Isaiah's prophetic ode on the
Nile, overflowing of the, of essential service in the fertiliza- destruction of Babylon by the Medes and Persians, and the

tion of Egypt, Gen. xli. 25, 31; Isa. xviii. 2. Pliny's deliverance of Judah from captivity, a composition of su-
scale of the different heights to which the waters of the preme and singular excellence, standing unrivalled among
Nile ascend, with the consequent degrees of plenty and all the monuments of classic antiquity, Isa. xiii., in prin-
dearth, ibid. The Nile an object of religious worship cipio.

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