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Index to the Old Testament.

Handmills formerly in use among the ancients, and still used their name, Gen. x. 21. Highly probable that the language
in many parts of the East, Deut. xxiv. 6.

of this people was the only one spoken in the earth till the
Hands, stretching out of the, and lifting them up to heaven, time of Peleg, ibid.

in frequent use among the ancients, Exod. ix. 29. This Hebron, conjecture why so named, Josh. xiv. 15, 11. 7
practice of antiquity illustrated by quotations from Homer Hegiage, remarkable harangue of this prince to his people,
and Virgil, ibid. See also 1 Kings vili, 22.

Job xxxiv., in fine. Singular anecdote respecting, as re-
Handwriting on the wall of Belshazzar's palace, conjecture lated by Jami in his Baharıstan, ibid.

why it could not be read by the wise men of Babylon, Dan. Helen compared by Theocritus to a horse in 3 - Thessalian
v. 8. Exhibition of the writing in the ancient Hebrew chariot, Song i. 9.
characters, in which it is thought to have been originally Hell, whence derived, and what it now imports, 1 Sam ii. 6.
written, Dan. v. 25.

Mohammed's description of hell, Psa. xi. 6.
Hanger, origin of this word, Gen. xxvii. 3.

Hennah, Hasselquist's description of this plant, Deut. xi. 12.
Hanging up by the hand, very probably a mode of punish- How the leaves of this plant are prepared by the Indians
ment in former times, Lam. v. 12.

for the purpose of staining with a beautiful reddish vellow
Hannah, import of the name, 1 Sam. i. 2. Dr. Hales' the nails of their fingers and toes, and other parts of their

observations on her prophetic song, 1 Sam. ii. 1. Exhibi- bodies, ibid.
tion of the whole of this hymn in hemistich or poetic lines, Henry, (Dr.) his account of the English dress in the reign
ibid.

of Edward III., Lev. xix. 19.
Hannets, a rabbinical memorial symbol, Masoretic notes Henry, (Rev. Matthew) author of a very extensive and popa-
at the end of Deuteronomy.

lar commentary on the whole Scriptures, General Preface,
Hanno the Carthaginian, remarkable among the ancients p. 8.

for having sailed round the Cape of Good Hope, Isa. ii. Heraldry, whence it probably originated, Dan. viii. 4.
13–16.

Herberi, advice of, respecting the spirit in which religious
Haphtorah, see Sections of the Law and Prophets.

disputation should be always conducted, Job xx., in fine.
Haradah, the twentieth station of the Israelites in the wilder- Herculaneum and Pompeii, observations on the ruins of,
ness, Num. xxxii. 24.

2 Chron. xxxiv. 12.
Hardening of Pharaoh's heart, inquiry into the import of this Hercules, statue of, mentioned by Cicero as having its chin

phrase, Exod. iv. 21. When properly understood, gives and lips considerably worn by the frequent kissing of its
not the least countenance to the doctrine of unconditional worshippers, 1 Kings xix. 18.
election and reprobation, ibid. Exod. ix. 15, et in fine. Hercules and Samson, parallel between, traced by M. de
Hardicanule, quotation from the old ballad of, relative to Lavaur, Judg. xvi., in fine.
predatory excursions, Job v., in fine.

Herodotus, his account of the mode of embalming among the
Hardy, publisher of a Greek Testament with notes, General Egyptians, Gen. 1. 2. His description of the principal
Preface, p. 7.

annual feast held by the Egyptians in honour of Diana,
Hareth, an eminent Arabian poet, Psa. lx., in principio.

Exod. x. 9. In what the dress of the Babylonians con-
Harlot, conjectures respecting the origin of this word, Gen. sisted, according to this writer, Dan. ii. 21.
xxxiv. 31.

Heroopolis, thought to be the same with Goshen, Gen. xlvi.
Harmer, (Rev. Mr.) author of a very useful work, entitled 28.

"Observations on various Passages of Scripture,” General Herschel, see Georgium Sidus.
Preface, p. 9.

Hertham or Herthum, an object of idolatrous worship among
Harpocrates, the god of silence, represented with his finger our Saxon ancestors, Exod. xxv., in fine. Whence the
compressing his upper lip, Job xxi. 5.

name of this idol is plainly derived, itd.
Hart, reason assigned by Alian, Appian, Nicander, and Pliny, Hewers of wood and drawers of water, Harmer's observations

why this animal more than any other thirsts for the waters, on the condemnation of the Gibeonites to this employment,
Psa. xlü, in fine. Ridiculous assertion of several of the Josh, ix. 23. In what the disgrace of it consisted, itd.
primitive fathers relative to this animal, ibid.

Hhadesi, a people of Arabia, living in cities, Isa. xli. 11.
Harvest-field, Homer's description of the labours of a, as Hidilen chambers of the south, a phrase supposed to allude to

represented by Vulcan on one compartment of the shield those constellations around the antarctic pole which never
which he made for Achilles, Ruth ii. 5.

appear above the horizon of Arabia, Job xxu. 9.
Harvest-home, probable origin of this custom, Exod. xxii. Hiel the Bethelite, thoughts on his rebuilding of Jericho,
29.

1 Kings xvi. 34.
Hashem, b07, possibly the name of some Egyptian deity, Hieroglyphics of Scripture, explanation of the, Introduction
Lev. xxiv. 10.

to Isaiah.
Hashmonah, the twenty-fifth station of the Israelites in the Highlanders, Sir Walter Scott's account of their superstitious
wilderness, conjecture respecting, Num. xxxii. 29.

modes of inquiring into futurity, Isa. lxv. 3.
Hassan Sabat, anecdote respecting, Gen. xxxiv. 24. High place of Isaac, where situated, Amos vii. 9. Demo
Hawk, the flight of this bird wondersully swift, Job xxxix. lished by Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 8; Amos vii. 9.

26. Instances produced, ibid. From the swiftness of High priest, consecration of the, among the Romans, bore a
this bird the Egyptians, in their hieroglyphics, made it the considerable resemblance to the consecration of the Jewish
emblem of the wind, ind.

high priest, Lev. viii. 23. A long quotation from Aurelius
Huyemim, by rendered mules, numerous conjectures Prudentius in attestation of this circumstance, ibid.
respecting its import, Gen. xxxvi. 24.

Highwayman, singular case of the conversion of a, Job xiv.,
Hazcroth, the thirteenth station of the Israelites in the wilder- in fine.

ness, where situated, according to Dr. Shaw, Num. Xxxiii. Hin, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity,
17.

Exod. xvi. 16, xxix. 40.
Head, covering of the, the attitude not only of a mourner, Hind, natural history of the, Job xxxix. 1-4. Remarkable
but of a culprit, 2 Sam. xv. 30.

longevity attributed to some individuals, Job xxxix. 1.
Head, lifting up of the, inquiry into the import of this phrase, Hindoos, remarkable law among these people respecting mar-
Gen. xl. 20.

riage, Gen. xxix. 26.
Head, putting dust upon the, a mark of deep affliction and Hinnom, valley of the son of, where situated, Josh. rv. 8.
distress, Josh. vii. 6.

Appears to have been the re tacle of all the filth and
Heathen rites, enumeration of, which greatly resemble those impurities which were carried out of Jerusalem, shid.

contained in the Jewish worship, Exod. xxv., in fine ; Continual fires are supposed to have been kept up in this
xxvü., in fine.

valley to consume those impurities, and prevent infection,
Hebrew manuscripts, account of, formerly in the possession ibid. ; and see 2 Kings xxu. 10. The rites of Moloch are

of the Rev. Cornelius Schulting, a Protestant minister at said to have been performed in this valley, 2 Kings wi.
Amsterdam, Isa. Ixvi., in fine.

10; Isa. xxx. 33, Ixvi. 24.
Hebrew moneys, table of the, Exod. xxxviii. 24.

Hippopotamus, or river horse, natural history of the, Job xl. 15.
Hebrews, whence these people are supposed to have derived Supposed by some to be the behemoth of Scripture, ibid.

Index to the Old Testament.

in fine.

X. 2.

Hitopodesa, Sir William Jones's account of the, Judg. ix., Human friendship, striking view of the fickleness of, as given

by Mr. Heath, Job xlii. il.
Hittites, where these people were situated, Josh. iii. 10. Human knowledge, thoughts on the great imperfection of,
Hivites, where these people were situated, Josh. ni. 10. even in the wisest men, Job iv., in fine.
Hoar-frost, phenomena of the, Job xxxviii. 29. Their causes Human victims offered, on extraordinary occasions, by almost
not yet well ascertained, ibid.

all nations to their gods, Deut. xi. 31; 2 Kings i. 27.
Holiness unto the Lord, observations on this inscription upon Method by which the rabbins account for the horrible sa-
the high priest's forehead, Exod. xxviii. 36.

crifice of the eldest son of the king of Moab in the time
Holinshed's account of the condition of the English and of Elisha, 2 Kings iii. 27.

French armies previous to the battle of Agincourt, Esth. Hunger, particular effects of, upon the animal system, Psa.
iii. 7.

cix. 24.
Holocaust, account of the, Lev. i. 8.

Hunter, (Dr.) his theory respecting the vitality of the blood,
Homage, Eastern modes of, Isa. xlix. 23, li. 23.

Lev. xvii. 11.
Homer, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity, Hunting, various arts and methods practised in, Job xviii. 9;

Exod. xvi. 16. In what it differed from the omer, ibid. Isa. xxiv. 17, 18. Account of a treatise on, by Tuber-
Lev. xxvii. 16.

ville, Psa. xvii., in fine.
Homer, cities which claimed the honour of giving birth to this Husband, its derivation and original import, Gen. ix. 20.
celebrated Greek poet, Preface to Job.

Hycsos, or king-shepherds, account of the, Gen. xliii. 32,
Honey-comb, flavour of the honey in the, much finer than after xlvi. 34.

it has been expressed from it, and exposed to the action Hydrogen, a constituent part of water, Gen. vii. 11, viii. 1;
of the air, Prov. xxiv. 13.

Job xxxviii. 26; Jer. x. 13.
Hoop-net, among the Goths, what, Job xix. 6.

Hydrus, terrible effects with which the bite of this serpent is
Hor, the thirty-third station of the Israelites in the wilderness, accompanied, Num. xxi. 6.

remarkable for the death of Aaron, Num. xxxii. 37. Hygeia, a certain mixture of flour mingled with oil and wine,
Horace, sentiment of, respecting the training up of children, used as a charm against sickness, Lev. ii. 1.

not unlike that celebrated one of Solomon, Prov. xxii. 6. Hykes, among the Arabs, what, Exod. xx. 34, xxii. 26;
His description of the commonwealth of Rome under the Judg. xiv. 12.
emblem of a beautiful ship, Ezek. xxvii. 4.

Hypocrile, description of the, in Scripture sense of the term,
Horatius Caius, daughters of, remarkable for having six Job, viit. 13, xxxvi. 13.
fingers on each hand, 2 Sam. xxi. 20.

Hyppolitus, account of this commentator of the third century,
Hor-hagidgad, the twenty-eighth station of the Israelites in General Preface, p. 4.

the wilderness, conjecture why so named, Num. xxxi. Hyssop, its description and medicinal properties, Exod. xii.
32.

22.
Horites, where this ancient people resided, Isa. ii. 19-21.
Horn, its symbolical import, Deut. xxxiii. 17; 1 Sam. ii. 1;

I.
Job xvi. 15; Psa. lxxv. 10; Lam. ii. 3 ; Dan. vii. 7; | Iberians, conjecture concerning the origin of this people, Gen.
Amos vi. 13. Frequently worn on crowns and helmets,
Job xvi. 15. Bruce's description of that worn by the Iber, or mountain goal, natural history of the, Job xxxix. I.
Abyssinian chiefs, ibid.

Ice, supposed to be the natural state of water, Job xxxviii.
Horné, (Rev. Dr.) author of an excellent commentary on the 29. Specific gravity of ice, ibid. To what the rarefaction
Psalms, General Preface, p. 10.

of ice is thought to be owing, ibid.
Hornet, natural history of the, Exod. xxiii. 28.

Ichnograph of the temple, with elevations, sections, and spe-
Horse, among the ancient Asiatics used only for war, Prov. cifications, of every part, given by David to Solomon,

xxi. 31. Because of his swiftness and utility, formerly 1 Chron. xxvü. 11.
dedicated to the sun, 2 Kings xxiii. 11. Extract from the Icknild or Ricknild-street, where situated, Job xxii. 11.
Guardian of 1713, containing a critique on the description Iddo the seer, author of a history of the reign of Solomon,
of the horse in the book of Job compared with similar de- the whole of which work is lost, except some slight frag-
scriptions in Homer and Virgil, Job xxxix. 19. Why the ments preserved in the books of Kings and Chronicles,
horse is one of the most timid of animals, Job xxxix. 20.

1 Kings xi. 41.
How brought to bear the din of arms and the thundering Idolatrous practices among the Jews, Isa. Ixv. 3, 4, 11.
cannon, ibid. Price of a horse in the time of Solomon, Idolatry, origin of, as stated by Maimonides, Gen. iv. 26.
2 Chron. i. 17.

The sacred writers generally large and eloquent upon the
Hosca, time of his prophesying, and a sketch of his life, Intro- subject of idolatry, treating it with great severity, and set-
duction to Hosea, and chap. i., in principio.

ting forth its absurdity in the strongest light, Isa. xliv. 12.
Host of God, a Hebraism for an exceedingly numerous army, Citations from Horace and Juvenal, in which idolatry is
1 Chron. xii. 22.

very severely ridiculed, Psa. cxv. 4 ; Isa. xliv. 12.
Hostilities, commencement of, among the ancients signified Idyl, definition of the, Introduction to Solomon's Song, p. 2.

by casting into the country to be invaded a dart, spear, or 'Iepodovhol yuvaikes, who, Gen. xxxviii. 21.
arrow, 2 Kings xii. 17.

Ije-abarim, the thirty-seventh station of the Israelites in the
Houbigant, some account of this very celebrated Hebrew wilderness, why probably so named, Num, xxxii. 44.

critic, Gen. Preface, p. 6. His table of the booty taken Iliad of Homer, what verse in the, in the opinion of Alexan-
by the Israelites from the Midianites, with ite division der the Great, the most correct in sentiment, 1 Sam. ix.
among the soldiers and people, and the proportion given by 16. Quotation of a line in this poem in which the rolling
cach to the Lord and to the Levites, Num, xxxi. 32,

up of the waves into a swell, and the break of the top of
Hours, Jewish day divided into, Exod. xii

. 6.

the swell, and its dash upon the shore, are surprisingly re-
House, warming the, a custom observed in some parts of presented, Psa. xlii. 7, Very remarkable passage on the
England, Deut. xx. 5.

subject of prayer, Psa. lxxxviii. 2. Citation of a passage
Houses in the East, how generally constructed, Deut. xxii. in which the ancient pagan notion relative to the cause of
8; Josh. ii. 6; 1 Sam. ix. 25; Îsa. xxii. 1.

good and evil is exhibited, Isa. li. 21.
Houses of the soul, what meant by this expression, Isa. iii. llluminated manuscripts, account of, Psa. Ix., in principio.
20.

Image of God, what is meant by man being made in this
Hugo de Sancto Claro, or Hugo Cardinalis, author of the similitude, Gen. i. 26.

division of the books of the Holy Scriptures into chapters, Image of jealousy, various conjectures concerning the, Ezek.
Introduction to Ezra.

vili. 3.
Huldah, the prophetess, Dr. Priestley's judicious remark re- Imagery of the prophets, explanation of the, Introduction to
specting her Divine call, 2 Kings xxii. 14.

Isaiah.
Human body, thoughts on the wonderful construction of the, Images, trial by, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos,
Psa. cxxxix. 14–16.

Num. v., in fine.
Human events, thoughts on the contingency of, Hos. xiv. 1. | Images of the destroyer, or of the things on which the plague

Index to the Old Testament.

particularly rested, were anciently made of gold, silver, Jer. xlvi. 20. The priests of this idol shave their heads
ivory, wax, clay, &c., under certain configurations of the close to the skin, Ezek. xliv. 20.
heavens, and set up in some appointed place, that the evils Isles of the Gentiles, very generally supposed to be a Hebrex

thùs represented might be driven away, 1 Sam. vi., in fine. periphrasis for Europe, Gen. x. 5.
Images of the gods, among rude people made of wood, Judg. Ismed, a powder with which the women of Barbary blacken
vi. 26.

Account of several ancient Egyptian images of the middle of their eyelids, 2 Kings ix. 30. Their method
Isis, Osiris, Anubis, &c., in the author's possession, Ezek. of doing it, as described by Russel, ibid.
i. 7.

Israel, why the patriarch Jacob was so named, Gen. xxxii.
Immanuel, a name given to the Messiah, Isa. vii. 15,

28. This term often used by Ezekiel for the Jacs, exclu-
Impaling, horrible punishment of, described, Esth. ii. 23. sively of the ten tribes carried into captivity by Shalmane-
Imprecation, form of, used by the Romans and Albans in their ser, Ezek. vi. 2.
solemnn leagues, Gen. xv. 10.

Israclites, observations on the travels of these people through
Impressions of various kinds indelibly made on the arms, the wilderness, Exod. xl., in fine. Scheuchzer's observa-

breast, and other parts, by the inhabitants of the East, tions and calculations relative to the prodigious multiplica-
Cant. vilj. 6.

tion of the children of Israel in Egypt, Num. i. 46. Their
Imrelh, 672x, its derivation and import, Ley. xxvi. 15. Dis- order of marching in the wilderness, Num. x. 14.

tinction between an imreth or imrath, and man dabar, Israclitish camp in the wilderness, Scheuchzer's plan of the,
both sometimes indifferently rendered word in our version, with a diagram, Num. ii., in fine.
Psa. cxix., in principo.

Issachar, why so named, Gen. xxx. 18.
Incantations, forins of, which were used to induce the tutelary Italian prorerb, in which the falsity diffused through the imre-

gods to forsake the cities, &c., over which they were repu- generate nature of man is finely expressed, Psa. cxvi. 11.
ted to preside, and to devote cities and whole armies to Italy, Mezeray's account of a very dreadful storm of hail in,
destruction, Num. Xxii. 6.

accompanied with a horrible darkness, Exod. ix. 18.
Incense, manner of burning, among the Jews, Lev. x, 1. Itinerant ministry, remarkable account of the established by
Indago, or Snare, description of the, as made by the ancients, Jehoshaphat for the diffusion of the worship of God through-
Isa. xxiv. 17, 18.

out his kingdom, 2 Chron. xvi. 7-9. Observations on a
In eeitu Israel, Anglo-Saxon version of this Psalm at full similar itinerant system established in these kingdoms loy
length, Psa, cxiv., in fine.

the late Rev. John Wesley, A. M., ibid.
Infant, reflections on the manner in which it extracts the Iturcans, from whom descended, Gen. xxv. 14.
milk from the breast of its mother, Psa. viu. 2.

Ivory house, what probably meant by this expression, Amos
Infernum Pocticum of the Hebrews, Isa. xiii., in principio. iu. 15,
Inhabitants, probable number of, in the world at the time of
Abel's murder, Gen. iv. 15.

J.
Inn, no such place of entertainment in the desert of Arabia, Jabbok, from whom this brook took its name, according to

Gen. xlii. 27; Jer. ix. 2. The Hebrew word so translated, Calmet, Gen. xxv. 2.
what it imports, ibid.

Jabesh-gilead, remarks of a literary friend upon the inhabit-
Inscriptions, Eastern, frequently in relievo, Dent. xxviij. 2. ants of this place taking the bodies of Saul and his sons

Account of one of these inseriptions in the author's pos- from the wall of Beth-shan, and burning them in Jabesh.
session, ibid. Remarkable inscription which Sesostris 1 Chron. X., in fine.
caused to be put on all the temples which he built in Egypt, Jubez, great discordances in the versions in their rendering
i Kings ix, 21.

of the sacred text relative to this man, 1 Chron. iv. 9.
Insurrection in England, chiefly under the direction of Wat Observations on the prayer of Jabez, 1 Chron. iv., in fene.
Tyler, history of the, Num. xxv. 8.

Jackal or Shiagal, howlings of the, by night most lainentable,
Interment, Asiatic inode of, for princes, saints, and nobles, Mic. i. 8. Hasselquist's account of this animal, Isa. 1. 8.
Job xxi. 33.

Jacob, why so named, Gen. xxv. 26. Dr. Kennicott's re-
Inrested with an office, origin of this phrase, Exod. xxix. 5; inarks relative to the time spent by this patriarch in the
Nun. xx. 26.

service of his father-in-law Laban in Mesopotamia, Gen,
Investigate, two derivations of this word, Psa. Ixiv. 6. Dis- xxxi., in fine.. Character of this patriarch, Gen. xlix., in
tinction between investigate and ransack, ibid.

fine.
Ionians of Asia Minor, whence these people had their origin, Jaddua, stratagem of, by which Jerusalen was prerented
Gen. x. 2.

from being destroyed by Alexander, Eccles. ix. 14; Zech.
Iphigenia, sucrifice of, supposed by M. De Lavaur and others

ix. 8.
to be a fable founded on the Scripture history of Jephthah's Jael, thoughts on her conduct towards Sisera, Judg. iv., in fine.
daughter; Judg. xi., in fine. Parallel between Jephthah. Jah, , a name of God, inquiry into its import, Exod. xv. 2.

and Iphigenia, as drawn up by M. De Lavaur, ibid. Jamaica, remarkable phenomena occasioned by an earth-
Ircland not infested with any venomous creature, 1 Sam. vi., quake in this island, Psa. xvi. 15.

in fine. Reason given by superstition for this fact, ibid. Jamii Jemsheed or The Cup of Jemsheed, traditions concem-
Iron, the ancient Gauls had no method of hardening this metal, ing, Gen. xliv. 5.
Psa. Ixxxix. 43.

Jao, law, evidently a corruption of Jehovah, frequent on
Iron, red hot, trial by, a species of ordeal among the ancient Egyptian monuments, Exod. ii. 15.
Greeks and modern Hindoos, Num. v., in fine.

Japheth, remarkable coincidence between the name of this
Iron age, degeneracy of man in the, as described by a heathen son of Noah and the political condition of his posterity,
poet, Job xxviii. il.

Gen. ix., in fine. Japheth supposed to have been the same
Irony, instance of, quoted from Ovid, Job ii. 9.

with the Japetus of the Grecks, Gen, x. 2.
Isaac, why so named, Gen. xvii, 17. Character of this patri- Jarchi or Isaaki, (Rabbi Solomon) account of this commenta-
arch, Gen. xxxv., in fine.

tor, General Preface, p. 2.
Isaiah, Vitringa's observations on the work of this prophet, Jarmain or Mishnical Doctors, some account of the, Intro-

Introduction to Isaiah. Calmet's division of the subjects duction to Ezra.
contained in Isaiah, Introduction to Isaiah.

Jasher, book of, possibly the same with the book of the wors
Ish, y, and Ishal, tiunx, observations on these words, of the Lord mentioned by Moses, Num. xxi. 14.

Gen. ii. 23. Very remarkable distinction between 7* Jasper, some account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviu 17.
Adam, and fish, which are rendered man in our version, Java, eldest son of the emperor of, who was reigning in 1648,
Psa. Ixii. 9. In what they both differ from w724 enosh, remarkable for having six fingers on each hand, and six toes
another word for man in the Hebrew, ibid.

on cach foot, 2 Sam. xxi. 20.
Ish debarim, po 1-4, a man of words, import of this Jayadeva, Songs of, given at full length. See Song of Solo-
Hebrew periphrasis, Exod. iv. 10.

mon, in fine.
Ishmael, its derivation and import, Gen. xvi. 11.

Jebusites, the ancient inhabitants of Jerusalem, Josh. ii. 10.
Isis, an Egyptian goddess of great celebrity, Exod. xii., in Jehoram, king of Judah, remarks on the writing said to have
fine. Worshipped under the form of a heifer, Num. xix. 2; 1 been sent to him from Elijah the prophet, 2 Chron. sxi. 12.

844

Index to the Old Testament

Jehovah, observations upon this appellative of the Divine Be- 1 Jordan, some account of this celebrated river of Israel, Num.
ing, Exod. vi. 3, ix, 1, xxxiv. 6.

xxxiv. 12. Description of its source as given by Josc-
Jehu, inquiry into the import of the original words rendered phus, Josh. i. 2. When it overflows its banks, and the

top of the stairs, where Jebu was proclaimed king, 2 Kings reason assigned, Josh. iii. 15.
ix. 13

Character of this prince, 2 Kings X., in fine. Joseph, why so named, Gen. xxx. 24. Extravagant notions
Jenkins, (Henry) his great age, Job xiv. 5; Psa. XC., in fine. of the Mohammedans with respect to the comeliness of
Jcopardy, a word of French origin, derived from the exclama- this patriarch, Gen. xxxix. 7, xlix. 22. Dr. Delaney's re-
tion of a disappointed gamester, Judg. v. 18.,

marks on Joseph's bowing himself, with his face to the
Jephthah, row of, inquiry into the meaning of the Hebrew text earth before his dying father, Gen. xlviii. The Doctor's
respecting the, Judg. xi. 31, et in fine.

strong encomium of Joseph on this account very reprehen-
Jeremiah, some account of this prophet, Introduction to Jere- sible, ibid. Strictures on the moral and political conduct

miah. Ilis character as a writer, ibid. Chronological of Joseph, Gen. l., in fine. History of this patriarch by
tables of his prophecies, as drawn up by Drs. Blayney and Justin, the Roman historian, ibid.
Dahler, ibid.' Remarks on a supposed interpolation in the Josephus, a celebrated Jewish historian and commentator,
tenth chapter of this prophet, Jer. x. 11.

account of, General Preface, p. 2.
Jericho, observations on the curse pronounced against this Joshua, brief sketch of his character, Josh. xxiv., in fine.
city by Joshua, Josh. vi. 26, and on its rebuilding by Hiel,

See also the Preface to Joshua.
1 Kings xvi. 34.

Josiah, king of Judah, very remarkable prophecy concerning,
Jeroboam I., king of Israel, his invention of a political reli- 1 Kings xii. 2, 3.

gion, something similar to that contained in the law of Jotbathah, the twenty-ninth station of the Israelites in the
Moses, 1 Kings xii. 28–33,

wilderness, Num. xxxii. 33.
Jerome, account of this celebrated commentator, General Jotham, parable of, the oldest and best fable or apologne in
Preface, p. 4.

the world, Judg. ix. 8. Its most excellent moral pointed
Jerusalem, conjecture concerning the derivation of this name, out, and illustrated by a quotation from Shakspeare, Judy.

Josh. x. 1. Surrounded by hills and mountains, Psa. ix. 14
Cxxv. 2.

Jove, or Jupiter, a corruption of Jehovah, Exod. m. 15.
Jeshurun, its derivation and import, Deut. xxxii, 15; Isa. Jubilate Deo, a Psalm which has long made a part of the pub-

xliv. 2. Conjecture of Grotius respecting it, Isa. xliv. 2. lic worship of the established church, Psa. c., in fine. The
Jether the Ishmaclile, why so nained, according to the Targum, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Scottish versions of this Divine
1 Chron. ii. 17.

ode given at full length, ibid.
Jew, remarkable saying of a, to the author, Zeph. iii. 13. Jubilee, institution of the year of; Lev. xxv. 8, &c. - Conjec
Jcucls of the sect, nostrils, &c., Isa. ii. 17.

ture rclative to the derivation of the word jubilee, Lev. xxv,
Jewish rolls, description of the, Jer. xxxvi. 2.

11. Typical import of this institution, according to Park-
Jews, particular description of their very gross idolatries pre- hurst, ibid. Calinet's thoughts on the very great advanta-

viously to the Babylonish captivity, Ezek. viii., passim. ges which the Jewish people derived from this Divine ordi-
Dr. Blayney's observations on the six deportations of these nance, Lev. xxv., in fine.
people in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Jer. lii. 28–30. Judah, why so named, Gen. xxix. 35. Illustrious prophecy
Circumstantial history of the Jews from the taking of Jeru-- concerning the Messiah, who was to spring from this patri-
salem by the Babylonians to their retreat into Egypt, Jer. arch, Gen. xlix. 8-12.
xl. xliv. Great favour shown to the Jews by Alexander Judah, kingdom of, its north and south boundaries, 2 Chron.
and the Ptolemies, }sa. xix., in principio. This the means xix. 4.
in the hand of God of diffusing the knowledge of the true Judas, whence this Asmonean prince is said to have obtained
God among heathen nations, and preparing them for the his surname of Maccabeus, Exod. xv. 11.
reception of Christianity, Isa. xxiv. 14. Citations from Juve- Judea, Iarmer's observations on the fertility of the land of,
tial and Seneca to show that the Jews were despised by Deut. viii. 8. Judea sometimes called The Mountain, and
the heathens for observing the Sabbath, Lant, i. 7. Re- why, Isa. v. 1.
markable custom among the ancient Jews in behalf of one Judges, book of, very uncertain by whom written, Preface to
capitally convicted, as related in the Mishna and the Ge- Judges. Chronological table of this book, according to
mara of Babylon, Isa. liii. 8. Prophetic penitential con- Archbishop Usher, ibid. Chronology of this book, accord-
session and supplication of the Israelites in their present ing to Sir John Marsham, ibid.
state of dispersion, Isa. Ixii. 7, &c. Brief sketch of the Judgment, great variety of acceptations of the Hebrew word
history of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity as given so translated, Isa. xlii. 1.
by Dr. Taylor, Esth. x., in fine. Bp. Newton's observations Juggernaut, a Hindoo temple, where human victims are fre-
on their wonderful preservation as a distinct people for so quently offered to Cali, a goddess of the Hindoos, Deut.
many ages, Jer. xlvi., in fine.

xii. 31.
Jezebel, reflections on the very tragical end of this wicked Juju, a serpent-god worshipped by the inhabitants of Bonny
woman, 2 Kings ix. 37.

in Africa, Deut. xx. 5 ; to whom they dedicate an apart-
Jezreel, import of the name, Hos. i. 4.

ment of their dwellings, ibid.
Jichta or Equus hemionus, natural history of the, Job xxxix. 5. Julius Cæsar, his letter to the Roman senate, communicating
Joachan beri Zachai, parable of this rabbi very similar to that of the total defeat of Pharnaces, king of Pontus, 1 Şam. iv.

our Lord relative to the wise and foolish virgins, Isa. Ixv. 11. 17. Great mouming for the death of Julius Cæsar as
Joash, curious circumstance mentioned by the Targum, rela- described by Virgil, Jonah 11. 8.
tive to the coronation of, 2 Chron. xxii. 21.

Juniper, roots of, formerly used for food aniong the Goths,
Job, reasons advanced to show that this man lived posterior to according to the testimony of one of their prclates, Job xxx.

the promulgation of the law, Job i., in finc, ix., in fine. 4. Charcoal made of this wood the most durable of all.
Sketch of his character, Job xlii., in fine.

others, ibid.
Job, book of, its character, and various opinions respecting the Juno, distance from the sun and earth, diameter, and relative

writer. See the Preface, and ehap. xlii., in fine. Very surface and volume, of this primary planet, Gen. i. 1.
remarkable prophecy in this book relative to the redemption Juno, worshipped under the form of a heiser by the ancient
of the world by Jesus Christ, and the general resurrection, Egyptians, Exod. viii. 26.
Job xix. 25, ct in finc.

Jupiter, periodic and sidereal revolutions, mean distance
Jonah, some accourt of this prophet, Introduction to Jonah. from the sun, perigeal and apogeal distances, diameter in

Fable of Laomedon, king of Troy, and his daughter Hesi- English miles, relative volume, time of rotation, inclination
one, supposed to be founded upon the story of Jonah being of axis to orbit, mass or quantity of matter, and mean
swallowed by a great fish, ibid.

hourly orbitical motion, of this primary planet, Gen. i. 1.
Jonathan ben Úzziel's curious reason for the command given Jupiter, worshipped by the ancient Egyptians under the form

by Pharaoh to the Egyptian women to destroy all the male of a ram, Exod. viii. 26. The infant Jupiter, according to
children of the Hebrews, Exod. i 16.

Callimachus, tenderly nursed with goat's milk and honey,
Joppa, where situated, Jonah i. 3.

Isa. vii. 15.

Index to the Old Testament.

14.

Jupiter and Semele, fable of, whence it originated, Exod. sage in Job. See Job xiv. 10. Citation of a very beauti-
xxxi. 20.

ful passage, in which the poet deplores the loss of all his
Jupiter Brontes, or Jupiter Keraunos, always represented friends, Psa. Ixxxvm. 18.

with forked or zigzag lightnings in his hand, Hab. i. 4. Kibroth-hattaavah, the twelfth station of the Israelites in the
Juror, among the Jews, lifted up his right hand to heaven, wilderness, some account of, Num. xxxiii. 16.
Ezek. xx.

Kidneys of wheat, inquiry into the meaning

this phrase,
Justification by faith, without any merit of works, shown to Deut. xxxi. 14.

be a doctrine of Scripture, Gen. xv. 6, xxvii. 4, xlvii.14; Kikayon, 722, rendered gourd, probably the ricinus, or
Job ix. 3; Mic. vi. 8.

palma Christi, Jonah iv. 6.
Justus, bishop of Orgelitanum, account of this commentator, Kimchi, (Rabbi David) account of this comentatator, General
General Preface, p. 4.

Preface, p. 3.
Juvenal, excellent advice of, with respect to putting confi- King, manner of the, which God commanded Samuel to show

dence in the Divinity, Psa. xxxvii. 7. Remarkable passages to the Israelites, Puffendorf's excellent observations con-
from this Roman poet, in which is described the miserable cerning the, 1 Sam. viü. 9.
condition of the Jews after the destruction of their polity King can do no wrong, on what ground this political maxim
by the Romans, Psa. cix. 11. .

in our laws is formed, 2 Sam. xix. 43.

King of terrors, an epithet given to death (either literally or
K.

substantially) by the ancient Greeks and Romans, Job xviii.
Kab, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity, The words so rendered in the book of Job shown not
Exod. xvi. 16 ; 2 Kings vi. 25.

to contain the sense of the original, ibid.
Kadim, or the cast wind, a very stormy wind in the Levant, King's mowings, what to be understood by this expression,

supposed to be the same with that called by the Greeks Amos vii. 1.
Euroclydon, Job xv. 2.

Kings, books of the, this portion of holy writ generally sup-
Karkor, rendered in our version as the name of a place, posed to have been compiled by Ezra, Preface to i Kings.
signifies' more probably rest, Judg. viii. 10.

Kings, folly of, to have foreigners for their valets and most
Kasheth, or The Song of the Bow, exquisite excellences of confidential servants, 2 Chron. xxiv. 26.

the, pointed out, 2 Sam. i., in fine. Dr. Kennicott's Latin Kings of Israel, how the ceremonies of their proclamation
version of this song, ibid.

and anointing were probably performed, 1 Kings i. 35.
Kadesh, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name, Josh. Kings of Israel and Judah, years of the reigns of the, syn-
XX. 7.

chronically arranged, from the commencement of the reigus
Kedeshah, nap, rendered harlot in our version, inquiry into of Rehoboam and Jeroboam to the destruction of the king
its precise import, Gen. xxxviii. 21.

dom of Israel by Shalmancser, 2 Chron., in fine
Kreumras, the first king of the Peeshdadian dynasty, accord- Kinnor, -73, rendered harp, what it imports, Gen. iv. 21;

ing to the Persian historians, Gen. xiv. 1. Possibly the 1 Sam. x. 5; Job xxi. 12; Psa. Ixxxi. 2. The lestudo,
saine with the Chedorlaomer of Scripture, ibid.

or lyre with three strings, according to Calmet, Psa.
Kchelathah, the eighteenth station of the Israelites in the wil- xxxii. 2.
derness, Num. xxxiii. 22.

Kir, thought to be the same with the country of Cyrene,
Keimuh, ninana, rendered the Pleiades, of very uncertain im- Amos i. 5.
port, Job ix., in fine.

Kir-haraseth, the royal city of the Moabites, 2 Kings iii. 35;
Kennicott, (Dr.) his account of the great differences in the Isa. xvi. 7, 11.

Hebrew and Samaritan copies with respect to the history Kirjath-arba, or City of the Four, conjectures why so named,
of the first seyen Egyptian plagues, Exod. xi., in fine. Gen. xxm. 2; Josh. xv. 15.
Observations of this great Biblical critic upon the four hun. Kishon, some account of this brook, Judg. iv. 6.
dred and thirty years' sojourning of the children of Israel, Kissing the beard, the neck, and the shoulders, in uso among
Exod. xii. 40. His removal of soine difficulties in the book the Asiatics to the present day, Gen. xlv. 14.
of Numbers, chap. xxi., in fine. Reasons advanced by Kissing the hand often practised by idolaters in honour of
him to show that from the twelfth to the thirty-first verse their divinities, 1 Kings xix. 18. How this ceremony was
(both inclusive) of the seventeenth chapter of the first book performed, ibid. Kissing the hand shown to be derived
of Samuel is an interpolation of some rabbin, 1 Sam. xvii., from and synonomous with adoration, ilud.
in fine. Ilis translation of that portion of the sacred his- Knave, ancient and modern imports of this word, Psa. lxxxvi.
tory which gives an account of David's taking from the 16, cxin. 1.
Jebusites the strong hold of Zion, 2 Sam. v. 6–8. His Kneading troughs of the Arabs, description of the, Exod. xii.
remarks upon the catalogue of David's mighty men of va- 34.
lour, as given in two different portions of Scripture, 1 Chron. Kneeling ever considered to be the proper posture of suppli-
xi. 11. His reasons for the supposition that the first four- cation, Exod. ix. 29; i Kings viii. 22. If the person to
teen verses of the fortieth chapter of Job are transposed, whom the supplication was addressed was within reach, the
Job xl., in fine.

supplicant caught him by the knees, ibid.
Kepler, curious notion of, relative to the animalion of the Knight, great stature of two brothers of this name, who were
whole material universe, Neh, ix. 6.

born in the same township with the author, 1 Sam. xvii.,
Kerchief, derivation and import of this word, Ezek. xiii. 18. in fine,
Kermes ouk, a shrub growing in Provence and Languedoc, Knives of rock, stone, or flint, coinmon among the ancients,
why so named, Isa. i. 18.

Josh. v. 2
Kermez, or summer sig, some account of the, by Dr. Shaw, Koheleth, derivation and import of this word, Eccles. i. 1.
Isa. xxviii. 4.

Korah and his company, probable allusion in the book of Job
Kernaw, the ancient name for Cornwall, Isa. v. 1. Its import to the destruction of, Job xx. 26, 27, 28.

in the ancient British and Phænician languages, ibid. Koran, for what excellences it possesses it is principally in
Kerub, nor 2703, translated cherub, derivation and import debted to the sacred Scriptures, Exod. xx., in fine; Num.
of the word, Gen. iii. 24.

iii. 1; Deut. xxxiv., in fine. The Mohammedans never
Kesil, 3-03, rendered Orion, of very uncertain import, Job write the Koran upon vellum or skin of any kind, Ezek.

xliv. 17. Copies of the Koran frequently highly illumina-
Kesitah, a word of doubtful signification, Gen. xxxiii. 19. ted, Psa. Ix., in principio. Citation of a beautiful passage
Kethem, ona, its derivation and import, Job xxviii. 16.

from the Koran, which is said to have been the means of
Kethubim, same as Hagiographa, see Zech. vii. 7.

converting Labid, an Arabian poet, to Mohammedanism,
Kels, beautiful paronomasia on this word, Ezek. vii. 6. Isa. viii. 21.
Hakels, the end, personified, ibid.

Korban, import of this word, Lev. i. 2.
Keys of the ancients, description of the, Isa. xxii. 2. When Kparandov, a term importing rather the fringe, than the hem
borne on the shoulder, a mark of office, ibid.

of a Jewish garment, Nam. xvi. 38.
Khondemir's fabulous relation respecting Job, Preface to Job. Krebsius, (Jo Tobias) an eminent Biblical critic, General
Khosroo, a verse in this Persian poet very similar to a pas- Preface, p. 12

ix., in fine.

קץ
הקץ

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