Page images

Index to the Old Testament.

Deuteronomy, the last book of the Pentateuch, why so named, | Dreams, enumeration of their causes, Gen. xli., in fine; I
Preface to Deuteronomy.

Kings iü. 5; Jer. xxin. 27. Gregory Nyssen's theory
Devil, whence this word is derived, Job i. 6. The name of respecting dreams, 1 Kings iii. 5. Joseph's dream of the
this apostate spirit nearly the same in most European lan-

eleven stars bowing down to him, supposed by Vallancy to
guages, Psa. cix. 6.

have reference to the signs of the zodiac, Gen. xlix., in
Deư, thoughts on the manner of its production, Deut. xxxii. fine. Discourse on Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the me-
2; Job xxxviii. 28.

tallic image, Dan. ii., in fine.
Diadem of the earth, a most elegant expression to show the Dress of an English beau in the fourteenth century, as de-

progress of the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac scribed by Dr. Henry, Lev. xix. 19. Curious extract
in a natural year, Psa. lxv. 11.

against luxury in dress, taken from a sermon composed in
Dial of Ahaz, observations on the nature and structure of the, the fourteenth century, ibid.

with a diagram of its supposed form, 2 Kings xx., in fine. Drinking, regulations respecting, among the ancient Greeks
Diamond, some account of this precious substance, Exod. and Romans, in their entertainments, Esth. i. 8.
xxviii. 17.

Druids, Pliny's account of their great veneration for the oak
Diana of Ephesus, image of, supposed to have been an aero-

and misletoe, Gen. xxi. 33.
lith bearing some rude resemblance to the human form, Drunkenness, Herbert's nervous description of the baleful
Josh. x. 11.

effects of, xxiii. 33.
Dibon-gad, the thirty-eighth station of the Israelites in the Drusius, (John) account of this commentator, General Pre-
wilderness, where supposed to be situated, Num. Xxxiii. face, p. 6.

Dudaim, 277, import of this word extremely uncertain,
Didymus, import of this name, Gen. xxv. 24.

Gen. xxx. 14.
Dinah, why so named, Gen. xxx. 21.

Duelling, when the general practice of, is supposed to have
Diodorus Siculus, his account of the funeral ceremonies of taken place, Num. v., in fine. Account of the duel between
the Egyptians, Gen. 1. 2.

Dioxippus the Athenian, and Horatus a Macedonian, as
Diospolis, or Thebes, the No of Jerenniah. See chap. xlvi. given by Quintus Curtius, 2 Sam. xxn. 21. Description
25. See also Ezek. xxx. 14.

of the ancient mode of duel between the retiarius and secu-
Dipsas, mortal effects of the bitc of the, as described by Lu- tor, Mic. vii. 2. Observations on the practice of duelling
can, Num. xxi. 6.

in this country, Hos. iv. 2.
Diseases, charming array of, how professed to be done by Duke, derivation and import of this word, Gen. xxxvi. 15.
ancients and moderns, Psa. Ivii. 4, ct in fine.

Dung of the ox and cow in a dried state a common fuel in the
Divinution by arrows, manner of, among the Arabs, Ezek.

East, Isa. xxvii. 11; Ezek. v. 12.
xxi. 21.

Dura, plain of, uncertain where situated, Dan. iii. 1.
Divination by cups, of very remote antiquity, Gen. xliv. 5. Durandus, his account of the manner of constructing the
Divination by serpents, common among the ancients, Deut. pallium or pall, 1 Kings xix., in fine.
xvui. 10.

Dust, throwing of, into the air, a mark among the ancients
Dirine Being, some observations on the manner of approach- of the greatest contempt, 2 Sam. xvi. 13.
ing the, in prayer, Exod. ix. 29.

Dyrbeans, anecdote concerning these people, Lev. vi. 3,
Divinity of Christ demonstrated, Psa. xlv. 8; Isa. vü. 15,
ix. 7; Mic. v. 2, vii. 20; Zech. ii. 8, xiii. 7.

Divorcement, form of -a bill of, among the Jews, Deut. Eagle

, esteemed by the heathens as a bird sacred to Jupiter,
xxiv. 3.'

and thought by them to be employed in carrying the souls
Dirit insipiens, remarks on six verses supposed to be cited of departed heroes, kings, &c., into the celestial regions,
by St. Paul from this Psalm, but which do not exist in the

Exod. xix. 4. Whence this fable probably originated,
present copies of the common Hebrew text; Psa. xiv. 3, ibid. The cagle was the Roman ensign, Deut. xxviii. 49.
el in fine.

A golden eagle was the ensign of Cyrus, according to
Doild, (Rev. Dr. William) aythor of a very excellent com- Xenophon, Isa. xlvi. 11. The eagle proverbial among
mentary on the Scriptures, General Preface, p. 9.

ancients and moderns for its strong and clear sight, Job
Doddridge, (Dr. Philip) account of this commentator, Gene- xxxix. 27-29, Some eagles stated to have attained a very
ral Preface, p. 8.

great age, Psa. cüi. 5. A very current opinion among the
Dogs, remarks upon the howlings of, Exod. xi. 7.

ancients that the eagle moults in his old age, and renews
Domesday book, account of, 2 Sam. xxiv. 8. At present in his feathers, and with them his youth, Isa, xl. 31.

a state of great preservation in the Chapter House, West- Ear, boring of the, an ancient custom in the East, Exod. xxi. 6,
minster, ibid.

Earing, whence derived, and its ancient and modern accep-
Domine, Dominus noster, the whole of this Psalm given at

tations, Gen. xlv. 6.
full length from an ancient manuscript, Psa. viii., in fine.

Ear-rings, formerly worn as amulets and charms, Gen. xxxv.
Domitian, account of the expulsion of the Jews from Rome

4. The Ishmaelites or Arabs had probably a crescent in
by this emperor, Psa. cix. 11.

each ear-ring, Judg. viii. 21.
Doors of the courts and houses in Palestine made very low to Earth, rotation round its axis the cause of the regular suc-

prevent the Arabs, who seldom leave the backs of their cossion of day and night, Gen. i. 4; Psa. xix. 5. Its
horses, from riding into the courts and houses, and spoiling superficial and solid contents, Psa. vii. 3.

Its sphe-
the goods, Prov. xvii. 19.

roidal figure, Gen. i. 10. What to be understood by the
Dophkah, the eighth station of the Israelites in the wilderness, pillars or compressors of the earth, 1 Sam. ii. in fine,
Num. xxxi. 12.

Earth, tico mules' burden of, inquiry into what Naaman meant
Dothan, where supposed to have boen situated, 2 Kings. vi. by this phrase, 2 Kings v. 17.

Earth and water, annual offering of, to the Persian monarchs,
Dove's dung, the Hebrew word so rendered probably means and its signification, Neh. ii. 3.

a kind of pulse, 2 Kings vi. 25. Dove's dung of great Earthen jars, vessels in which the people of the East keep
value in the East for its power in producing cucumbers, their corn and meal to preserve them from insects, 1 Kings
melons, &c., ibid.

xvii. 12.
Dowry, to give a, for a wife, a custom very frequent among Earthquakes, description of, with their accompaniments,

all ancient nations, Gen. xxix. 20. The Tartars and Turks 1 Kings xix, 11.
still buy their wives, ibid.

Eastern boro, description of the, Psa. lxxvii. 57. Its figure,
Drag, an instrument used in threshing, Isa. xxviii. 27, 28. and what named by the Greeks when in a quiescent state,
Its description, ibid.

and when ready to discharge the missile, ibid. ; Hos. vii,
Dragon-well at Jerusalem, why probably so named, Neh. ii. 16; Zech. ix. 14.

Eastern divan, in what its furniture chiefly consists, Isa.
Dream, ineffectual working of the imagination in a, figura-

Xxxviii. 2.
tively employed by sacred and profane writers, Isa. xxix. East Indian ink, readily discharged from the paper by the
7. Citation of instances from Virgil and Lucretius, ibid. application of a wet sponge, Nunn. v. 23,

Index to the Old Testament.

et seq.

Ebronah, the thirtieth station of the Israelites in the wilder- | Encampments of the Israelites in the wildemess, Scheuchzer's
ness, Num. xxxii. 34.

description and plan of the, Num. ii. 2. The Arabs always
Eden, its derivation and import, Gen. ii. 8.

form a circle in their encampments, and put their principal
Edge-tools of the ancients commonly made of stones and officers in the centre, 1 Sam. xxvi. 5.
flints, Josh. v. 2.

Enemies, a practice annong the ancients of disabling, by cut-
Edicts of the Persian monarchs could not be formally repealed; ting off their thumbs and great toes, Judg. i. 7. Customary

but new edicts could be issued by which the preceding with the Persians, after they had slain, strangled, or be-
might be counteracted, Esth. viii. 8.

headed their enemies, to hang their bodies upon poles, or to
Edomites, their origin, and frequent hostilities with the Israel- empale them, Lam. v. 12.

ites, Gen. xxv. 23 ; Isa. xxxiv., in principio. Fulfilment Encta, or Henctæ, where these ancient people were situated,
of the prophecies concerning these people, Gen. xxvii. 28, Gen. xxxvi. 24. Whence the fabulous account of their

'origin is possibly derived, ibid,
Edoth, 177, its derivation and import, Lev. xxvii. 15. Engines for the attack or defence of besieged places invented
Education of children, instructions for the proper discharge in the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah, 2 Chron. xxvi 15.

of this duty, 1 Sam. iii., in fine. Fearful consequences to Enigmas proposed at ancient entertainments, some examples
be apprehended from a neglected religious education, ibid. of, Judg. xiv. 14. Ancient enigma in which the double
Thoughts on the mode of education in our national schools use of the style is pointed out, 2 Kings xxi 13.
and universities, Dan. i. 5.

Enoch, meaning of the word, Gen. iv. 17. Remark upon the
Egypt, ancient constitution of, according to Diodorus Siculus, age of Enoch, the father of Methuselah, at the period of his
Gen. xlvu. 23. The earliest account of a religion sup- translation, Gen. v., in fine.
ported by the state is that which was established in this Enosh, 1774, a word rendered man in our version, its precise
country, ibid. Egypt has a double seed-time and harvest, import, Psa. Ixü. 9,
Exod. ix. 31. Amazing number of Jews in this country in Envy, definition of, Gen. xxxvii., in fine. Curious rabbrical
the time of Philo, Isa. xix., in principio. Brief sketch of story relative to this malignant passion, which has been
the revolutions of Egypt, Ezek. xxix. 14.

formed by the moderns into a fable, Prov. xxvi. 4.
Egyptians, why shepherds were_had in abomination among Eous, one of the horses of the sun, according to the pagan

these people, Gen. xlvi. 34. Excessive superstition of the mythology, whát the name imports, 2 Kings ii. 11.
Egyptians, Exod. viii. 26, xx. 4; Lev. xvii

. 7.

Ephah, sone account of this Hebrew measure of capacity,
Eheyeh asher eheyeh, 777 7777, rendered "I am that Exod. xvi. 16.

I amn," inquiry into the import of the original words, Exod. Ephod, account of the, Exod. xxv. 7. Its curious girdle,
ii. 14.

Exod. xxvii. 8. Observations on the ephod made by
Ei, -p, a Jewish momorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the end Gideon, Judg. viii. 27., et in fine.
of Exodus.

Ephraim, son of Joseph, why so named, Gen. xli. 50.
Eilon, 1738, rendered oak, what it properly signifies, Gen. Ephrem Syrus, some account of this commentator, General
xii. 6

Preface, p. 3.
Elam, probably the samo with the Elymais of the Greeks, Epithalamium, definition of the, Introduction to Solomon's
Jer. xlix. 34.

Elanitic Gulf, why so named, 2 Kings xiv. 22.

Equinoctial points, precession of the, occasioned by a slow
Eldest son, giving the estates to the, origin of this law, Gen. revolution of the celestial poles around the poles of the
xxv. 6.

ecliptic, Psa. xix. 5. In what time this revolution is per-
Electrical winds, Jackson's account of the, Hab. i. 9.

formed, ibid. From this cause the tropical year is shorter
Elephant, natural history of the, Job xl. 15. Supposed by than the siderial, ibid. In twenty-five thousand serer hun.

some to be the behemoth of Scripture, ibid. Manner of dred and sixty-Three complete revolutions of the earth
hunting the elephant in Ceylon, Job xviii., in fine.

round the sun, there are twenty-fere thousand sever hundred
Elephantiasis, description of this very horrible disorder, Deut. and sixty-four summers, and as many autumns, winters,

xxviii. 27; Job i. 7 vii. 5, xvi. 8, xxx. 18. In what it and springs, ibid. Remarkable phenomena in the starty
differs from the smallpox, Job ii. 7.

firmament occasioned by the precession of the equivoctial
Eliezer, son of Moses, why so named, Exod. xvüi. 4.

points, ibid.
Elihu, various conjectures respecting, Job xxxii. 2.

Equus hemionus, see Jichta.
Elijah the Tishlnte, idolatrous superstition of the Jews rela- Erasmus, (Desiderius) a commentator on the New Testa-
tive to this prophet, Mal. iv. 6.

ment, General Preface, p. 6. How fully convinced of the
Elim, the fifth station of the Israelites in the wilderness, some doctrine of the Trinity, Eccles. iii. 14.
account of, Num. xxxiii. 9.

Ereb, y, translated evening, import of the term, Gen. i 31.
Eliphaz the Temanite, who, Job ii. 11.

From this word is derived Erebus, the name of a heathen
Elisha, inquiry whether this prophet received his office by deity, ibid.
unction, 1 Kings xix., in fine.

Ermin or Erminage-strect, where situated, Job xu. 11.
Elishah, supposed to be the same with Elis, a part of the Ermine, royal robes of kings and great officers adorned with
Peloponnesus, Ezek. xxvii. 7.

the skin of this animal, 2 Kings i. 8.
Elixir vita, attempts at the discovery of the, in most nations, Esau, import of this name very uncertain, Gen. xv. 25.
Job xiv. 5.

Dr. Shuckford's character of Esau, Gen. xxxvi, in fine.
Ellipsis, instances of the, Isa. i. 9, x. 26, xli. 2, xliii. 19, Eshcol, valley of, where situated, Isa. v. 2.
lvii. 2.

Esob, 274, rendered hyssop, of doubtful import, Exod. xi.
Elm, prodigious quantity of seeds produced by this tree, Gen. 22.
i. 12.

Esquire, derivation and original import of this word, 1 Sam.
El Maamah, Dr. Pococke's account of this very large Eastern xiv. 1. Its modern acceptation, ibid.
grotto, 1 Sam. xxiv. 3.

Esther, biographical sketch of, by Prideaux, Introduction to
Elohim, 1738, demonstrated to be the plural form of a Esther.

El, or 73Eloah, by a reference to thirty-one passages in Eternal filiation of the Son of God, remarks on the doctrine
the Old Testament, Gen. i. 1 ; see also Deut. vi. 4. Inquiry of the, Psa. i. 7 ; Prov. viii., in fine.
into the derivation and import of the word, ibid. A very Eternity of rewards and punishments, in a future state,
beautiful paronomasia upon this word, Psa. xcvi. 5.

shown to be a doctrine of Scripture, Gen. xvi. 7, 8, ul.
Embalming, art of, among the Egyptians, largely described, 33; Psa. Ixxiii. 27; Isa. Ixvi. 24.
Gen. I. 2.

Eternity, thoughts concerning this vast and incomprehensible
Emerald, some account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. subject, Job ix., in fine ; Psa. xc. 2.
17. Its component parts, Job xxxvi. 38.

Eternity of God, reflections upon the, Exod. ü., in fine;
Emeth, 6238, its derivation and import, Lev. xxvi. 15.

Mic. v. 2. Remarkable passages in Plutarch on this point,
Emim, some account of this ancient people, Deut. ii. 10. ibid.
Empneumatosis, or windy inflation of the womb, description Eth, hg, rabbinical glosses upon this Hebrew particle, Gen.
of this disorder by Michaelis, Isa. xxvi. 18.

i. 1,

Index to the Old Testament.

Ets, i


V. 6.

Elh, the old third person singular ending in, used by our , Fame, fine personification of, by Virgil, 2 Sam. xiii. 30.

English ancestors for the imperative mood, Isa. Iv. 1. Family religion, maintenance of, indispensable, Gen. xviii.,
This illustrated by a quotation from an old MS. Bible in in fine, xix., in fine; Deut. iv. 9, vi. 9.
the author's possession, ibid.

Famines that were decreed to take place before the coming
Etham, the second station of the Israelites in the wilderness, of the Messiah, according to the Targum, Ruth i. 1.
some account of, Num. xxxii. 6.

Father, probably a name of office in Eyypt, Gen. xlv. 8. Cer-
Ethanim, the name of a Jewish month, 1 Kings vi. 1, viii. 2. tain officers of state among the Phænicians, Persians, Ara-

rendered gallows, real import of the word, Esth. bians, and Romans, addressed by this title, ibid. Among
v. '14.

the Jews, father was the title of preceptor, and son, that
Evayyercov, Gospel, shown to signify the reward which the of disciple or scholar, Prov. i. 8.
bringer of good tidings is entitled to receive, 2 Sam. iv. Favouritism has often brought prosperous nations to the brink

of ruin, Eccles. x. 5.
Eudocus, remarkable among the ancients for having sailed Feasts, three principal, of the Jews, which, Zech. xiv. 16.
round the Cape of Good Hope, Isa. ii. 13-16.

Federal act formed by Joshua with the people of Israel, a little
Euphrales, reinarkable overflowing of this river, Nah. i. 8, before his death, outline of Saurin's excellent dissertation

11. 6. Time and cause of its ordinary overflowings, Isa. on the, Josh. xxiv., in fine.
xliv. 27. How Semiramis confined the waters of Euphra- Felling of trees, directions of Vitruvius respecting, 1 Kings

tes within its channel, Isa. xxi. 1.
Euripides, citation from, in which sense and sound are very Ferdinand IV., king of Naples and the Sicilies, institute of this
happily combined, Isa, i. 5.

monarch relative to mournings for the dead, Gen. 1. 7.
Euryalus, see Nisus.

Ferdoosy, remarks on the famous epic poem written by this
Eusebnuş, the reason given by this writer why the Egyptians man, Esth. vi. 1.

worshipped their deites under the form of certain animals, Festivals, Jewish, some account of the, Exod. xxiii. 14.
Exod. viii. 26.

Figs, Eastern, Dr. Shaw's account of the, Isa. xxvii. 4.
Evaporation, how instrumental in the production of rain, Citation from Pliny relative to the medical properties of
Psa. civ. 10.

the fig, with Philemon Holland's translation, Isa. Xxxviii.
Eve, meaning of the word, Gen. iii. 20. This name contains 21.

in itself a prophecy of the redemption of the world by Jesus Filigree silver-work, Asiatics greatly excel in this kind of
Christ, ind.

production, Prov. xxv. 11. Instances which have come
Events, enumeration of the different methods of recording, under the author's inspection, ibid.
among the ancients, Jer. xvii. I.

Final perseverance of the saints, doctrine of the, considered,
Eoermore, import of this term, Exod. xv. 18; Psa. xvi. 11. Deut. vii. 12; 2 Sam. vii. 15; Ezek. xviii. 24.
Evil report, fine personification of, by Virgil, 2 Sam. xiii. 30. Fine linen of Egypt, observations upon the, Gen. xli. 42.
Erecrations against those who should rebuild those cities Finger-mountain, the highest of the mountains of Ararat,

which had been destroyed in war, the revival of whose where some have supposed the ark of Noah to have rested,
power and influence was dreaded, frequent in ancient his-

Gen. viii. 4.
iory, Josh. vi., in fine. Some examples produced, ibid. Fire, among the Hebrews and many other ancient nations, a
Pouring execrations on an enemy previously to battle, an very significant emblem of the Deity, Exod. iii. 2. This
ancient custom; Num. xxii. 6; Psa. lxxxiii. 15.

element the offspring of Ormusd, according to the modern
Exodus, the second book of the Old Testament Scriptures, Parsees, ibid. Deified among the Egyptians, Exod. xii.,
whence so named, Preface to Exodus.

in fine.
Expeditions of the ancient Eastern monarchs, manner of the, Fire-cross, of the ancient Highlanders, what, Judg. xix. 29;
Isa. xl. 3.

1 Sam. xi., in fine.
Erpation, scast of, why instituted, Exod. xxiii. 14.

Fire consuming the thorns, a beautiful metaphor used by
Expounding of the Scriptures, manner of, among the Jews, sacred and profane writers, Psa. cxvii. 12.
Neh. vii., in fine.

Fire-ordeal, among the Persians, account of the, Num. v., in
Ezekiel, Archbishop Newcome's historical sketch of the

times in which this prophet hived, Introduction to Ezekiel. Fire of God, import of this Hebraism, Job i. 16.
Character of Ezekiel as a poet drawn up by this great First-born, observations on the import of this term in various
prelate, ibid. Chronological table of the prophecies of parts of Scripture, Exod. xii. 29.
Ezekiel from Calmet, ibid. Plan and description of Eze- First-born, redemption of the, one of the rites still practised
kiel's temple, Ezek. xlviii., in fine.

among the Jews, Num. xviii. 16. How this rite was per-
Ezer kenegedo, 77933 , translated helpmeet, inquiry into formed, ibid.
the import of these words, Gen. ii. 18.

First-fruits offered to God not only by the Hebrews, but seve-
Ezion-güber, the thirty-first station of the Israelites in the ral quotations from ancient writers to show that the heathens
wilderness, some account of, Num. xxxii. 35.

also offered them to their idols, Exod. xxii, 29.
Ezra, biographical sketch of, by Prideaux, Introduction to Fishes, their amazing fecundity instanced in the tench, carp,

and cod, Gen. i. 20.
Ezra, book of, very remarkable passage said to have been Flag, Hasselquist's description of the, Job viii. 11. Ropes

originally contained in this portion of holy writ, which the made of its leaves by the Egyptians, ibid.
Jews are accused by Justin Martyr of erasing through their Flail or Staff, account of this instrument used in threshing,
enmity to the Christians, Ezra x.,

in fine.

Isa. xxvi. 27, 28,

Flesh, preservation of, by potting, common in Asiatic coun-

tries, Gen. xlv. 23.
Fable of Dadalus and Icarus, with its moral as given by a Flint, our ancestors had their arrow and spear-heads of this
Roman poet, Prov. xxv. 7.

substance, Josh. v. 2.
Face or Forehead, why the first part of the body whence the Flocks, why great care was necessary in driving them, among
sweat begins to issue, Gen. iii. 19.

the ancients, Isa. xl. 11.
Face, covering of the, a sign of mourning, 2 Sam. xix. 4. Flogging, system of, among the British, considered, Deut.

When a criminal was ordered to have his face covered, it xxv. 3. Saying of a Mandarin on this subject, ibid.
was a sign among the Persians and Romans of his being Flour of parched barley, according to Mr. Jones, the chief
devoted to death, Esth. vii. 8.

provision of the Moors in their journeys, 2 Sam. xvii. 28.
Falarica, see Phalarica.

Flur and reflux of the ocean, phenomena and cause of the,
Falcon, natural history of the, Job xxxix. 26.

Job xxxviii. 11; Psa. civ, 9.
False witnesses, laws of the Hebrews, Romans, and English Footstool, a necessary appendage to a throne, Isa. lii. 2,
against, Deut. xix. 19.

Ix. 13.
Falsity diffused through the nature of man, Psa. cxvi. 11. Formido or Terror, among the ancients, what, Isa. xxiv. 17, 18

This idea finely expressed by Herbert, ibid. Remarkable Forty, Ainsworth's observations opon the very frequent occura
Italian proverb to the same effect, ibid.

rence of this number in Scripture. Deut. xxv, 3.


Index to the Old Testament.


Forty days, a remarkable period in Scripture, Gen. vii. 4; | Gencalogical lists contained in the Old Testament Scriptures
Deut. xxv. 3.

of essential service in the cause of Divine revelation, Gen.
Forty years, which are stated to have elapsed from the com- Xxxvi., in fine.

mencement of Absalom's rebellion to his departure for He- Generation, various lengths of a, among the ancients, Gen.
bron, most manifestly a corruption of the sacred text, 2 xv. 16.
Sam. xv. 7.

Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament Scriptures,
Fosse-street, some account of, Job xxüi. 11.

whence so named, Preface to Genesis. General Observa-
Foxes, formerly a custom in Rome to let loose a number of, tions on the great importance of this book, Gen. l., in fine.

in the circus, with lighted flambeaux on their backs, that Genista, or common sürze, exceedingly prolific, Gen. ii. 18.
the people might be amused in seeing these animals run Genius, extraordinary, of some men, reflections couceming
about till roasted to death by the flames with which the, Exod. xxvui. 3 ; xxxi. 6.
they were enveloped, Judg. xv., in fine. Origin of this Gentilcs very probably borrowed their first sacrificial rites
custom as given by Ovid, and by Serrarius and Bochart, from the patriarchs, Num. xix. 2.

Gentoo laws, very interesting extract from Mr. Halhed's code
Frankincense, description of this resinous substance, Exod. of, relative to the Ashumined Jugg, Lev. xvi. 10.
XXX. 34.

Gentoos, remarkable law among these people respecting mar-
Fray, whence this word is derived, Zech. i. 21.

riage, Gen. xxix. 25.
Free agency of man demonstrated, Deut. v. 29, xi. 26, xxx. Georgium Sidus, or Herschel, periodic and sidereal revolu-

tions, distances from the sun and carth, diameter, volume,
Freemen forbidden by Diocletian and Maximian to be sold on density, and hourly orbitical motion, of this primary planet,
account of debt, 2 Kings iv. 1.

Gen. 1. l.
Friend, Cicero's definition of a genuine, Psa. xxxi. 7. Gerizim, soine account of this mount, Deut. xxvü. 4;
Frogs, according to Bryant, à sacred animal among the Gershom, why so named, Exod. 17. 22; xvii. 3.
Egyptians, Exod. xii., in fine., xx. 4.

Ghost, its derivation and import, Gen. xxv. 8.

Froissart's account of the six citizens of Calais, who came to the ghost, an act properly attributable to Jesus Christ alone,

Edward III. with ropes round their necks, and the keys of ibid.

the town and castle in their hands, 1 Kings xx., in fine. Giants, seven Hebrew words rendered thus in our English
Fuel, great scarcity of, in most parts of the East, Isa. xxvii. 11. Bibles, Gen. vi. 4. Fable of the giants, Job uvi. 5.
Funeral banquets to commemorate the dead, and comfort the Gibhorin, 223, rendered nighty men, what it properly sig-

surviving relatives, common among the ancients, Jer. xvi. 8. nities, Gen. vii 4.
Funeral ceremonies among the ancient Egyptians, account Giblites, an ancient people famous for their knowledge in
of the, by Diodorus Siculus, Gen. I. 2.

ship-building, 1 Kings v. 18; Psa. Ixxxiii, 7.
Fur, how this Latin word has been applied by the ancient Gibyle, where situated, Psa. Ixxxi. 7.
Roinans, Psa. lxxxvi. 16,

Gideon, principle which impelled him to slay Zebah and Zal-

munna illustrated by a quotation from Virgil, Judg. vi. 18.

Character of Gideon, Judg. viu., in fine.
Gad, why so named, Gen. xxx. 11.

Gifts, rabbinical enumeration of the, presented to the priests,
Gad, perhaps an object of idolatrous worship among the an- Num. xvui, 20.
cient Israelites, Isa. Ixv. 11.

Gigantic stature, account of persons of, in modern times,
Gal. 39, import of this term, Gen. xxxi. 46.

Num. xiii. 33.
Galbanum, description of this plant, Exod. xxx. 34. Gilgal, a place of great celebrity in the Jewish history, Josh.
Gall, anciently supposed to be that in which the poison of
serpents consists, Job xx. 16.

Gil, (Dr. John) author of a very diffuse commentary on the
Galvanism, method of decomposing water by, Job xxxvii. 26. Old and New Testaments, General Preface, p. 8
Gam, b), import of this Jewish memorial symbol, Masoretic Girba or Caraba, description of the, Isa. xxv. 6.
notes at the end of Genesis.

Girding up of the loins, what meant by this phrase among the
Gammadims, various conjectures respecting the import of ancients, Jer. i. 17.
the Hebrew tern so translated, Ezek. xxvii. 11.

Girdle, a very general and expensive article of dress in the
Gaon, (Rabbi Saadias) account of this comentator, General East, Prov. xxxi. 24. The girdle so essential a part of a
Preface, p. 3.

soldier's accoutrement, being the last he put on to make
Gaphrith, DJ, rendered brimstone, of very uncertain himself ready for action, that to be girdied anciently in-
etymology, Gen. xix. 24.

ported “ to be completely armed, and ready for battle, " Isa.
Gardens encompassing Damascus, Maundrell's description of

v. 27.
the, Isa. i. 30.

Girgashites, where these people were situated, Josh. iii. 10.
Garments, presents of, by Asiatic sovereigns to ambassadors Gitagovinda, or the songs of Jayadera, given at full length.

and persons of distinction, very frequent, Gen. xlv. 22. See the Song of Solomon, in fine.
Description of the garments appertaining to the Jewish Glass, manufacture of, known to the ancients, Deut. uri.

priesthood, Exod. xxviu. Custoinary in the East to pull 19; Josh. xi. 8.
- off the upper garments in times of great mourning, Exod. Glean, whence derived, Ruth ii. 2. Formerly a custom in
xxxiii. 5.

England and Ireland for the poor to collect the straggling
Garments, transparent, of the ancient Greeks and Romans, cars of corn after the reapers, ibid. Present law of Eng.

Isa ii. 23. These garments called by the Romans multi- land with respect to gleaning, ibid.
tia and Cox, and why, ibid.

Glowing sandy plain, its deceptive appearance at a distance,
Garvanços, Dr. Shaw's account of this plant, 2 Kings vi. 25. Isa. xxxv. 7. Dr. Hyde's explanation and derivation of
Gate, the place of judgment in the East, Judg. v. 11; Job v. the original term so translated, ibid.
4, xxix. 7; Isa. xxix. 21,

Goadby, author of a work entitled, “An Ilustration of the
Gates of many Eastern cities closed at sunset, and on no con- Sacred Writings," General Preface, p. 9.

sideration opened till the following moming, Neh. vii. 3. Goat, an object of religious veneration in Egypt, 2 Chron, si.
Gates in Priam's palace covered with plates of brass, 15. Why a symbol of the Grecian ar Macedonian power,
1 Kings iv. 13.

Dan. viii. 5.
Gat phe, 9.08. import of this memorial symbol of the Goat's hair of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and Phrygia,
rabbins, 'Masoretic notes at the end of Leviticus.

description of the, Exod. xxv. 4.
Gava, 977, the authorized version frequently inaccurate in the Goat's skin used in Barbary for the carrying of meal, figs, and

rendering of this word, Gen. xxv. 8. What the original raisins, Deut. xxvii. 5. All sorts of things, both dry and
term properly imports, ibid.

liquid in Eastern countries, generally carried in a goat's or
Gaza, why so named, and where situated, Judg. xvi. 1.

kid's skin, ibid.
Gebal, where situated, Ezek. xxvi. 9.

God, derivation and import of the term, Gen. i. 1, m. 22 A
Gehenna, why this word is used by our Saviour for the place notion prevalent among the ancient Jews and heathens that
of punishment of the wicked in a future state, Isa. xxx. 33. if any man saw God or his representative angel, he must


IV. 19.

Index to the Old Testament.

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surely die, Judg. vi. 29, xi. 22. The Hebrew original of Great sea, a term in Scripture for the Mediterranean, Dan.
Esther, (as it has come down to us,) remarkable for not vii. 4.
containing the name of God or Lord, Esth. ii., in fine. Greaves of brass or iron, account of this species of armour
This circumstance not true of the Septuagint version of among the ancients, 1 Sam. xvii. 6.
this book, ibid.

Greek cities declared free by the Romans, and the rapture of
God the only ruler of princes, in what sense this phrase is to the inhabitants on the occasion, as related by Livy, Psa.
be taken, 1 Sam. xxiv. 7.

cxxvi. 1.
God be gracious unto thee, my son! a usual form of saluta- Greeks, from whom supposed to be descended, Gen. x. 2;
tion in the East from the aged and superiors to the younger

Joel m. 6.
and inferiors, Gen. xlui. 29.

Gregory the Great, account of this Catholic commentator,
God make thee as fruitful as Ephrain, and multiply thee as General Preface, p. 4.

Manasseh! a sorin of salutation still in use, Gen. xlviii. 20. Grief, excessive, its strong effect upon the mental faculty,
God make thee as Sarah and Rebecca! a salutation still in Lev. x. 3. Remarkable saying of Seneca on this subject,
use, Gen. xlviii. 20.

ibid. Passage in the Psalms in which deep-seated grief is
Gods, carrying of the, to battle, customary arnong most na- surprisingly expressed in the very sound of the words, Psa.
tions, 2 Sam. v. 21. Whence this custom probably origi-

Ixxxi. 13.
nated, Jer. xlviii. 7.

Grinding of corn; manner of doing this in the East, Exod.
Goel, Sp.), import of this term, Gen. xlvii. 16; Ruth ii. 20. xi. 5.

Applicable to our Lord Jesus Christ in a most eminent Grot between Aleppo and Bir capacious enough, according to
sense, ibid.

Tavernier, to hold near three thousand horse, Isa. ii. 19-21.
Gog, various conjectures concerning the person or people Maundrell's

's account of several grots of vast capacity, ibid.
intended by this name, Isa. lxm., in principio. Ezek. Grotius, (Hugo) or Hugh le Grooi, a celebrated commentator
· xxxviii. 2.

upon the whole Scriptures, General Preface, p. 6.
Golun, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name, Josh. Groves, plantations of, about idol temples, for the purpose of
XX. 7.

obscene worship, Deut. xvi. 21 ; Isa. i. 29, 30.
Gold, four Hebrew words so translated, Exod. xxv: 3; Job Grounds and Reasons of the Christian Religion, a Deistical
xxviii. 16, 17, 19. Calculation of the value of the gold, in work sò entitled, arguments of its author purporting to
British standard, which came to Solomon in one year, inde- show that the promise of the Messiah is not to be gathered
pendently of what the chapmen and merchants brought from the seventh chapter of the second book of Samuel,
him, 2 Chron. X., in fine.

stated and refuted, 2 Sam. vii., in fine,
Gold of Parraim, various conjectures respecting the meaning
of the Hebrew words so translated, 2 Chron. ij. 6.

Gold chain, in several nations, the emblem of civil authority, Habakkuk, some account of this prophet, Hab. i., in principo.
Gen. xli. 42; Psa. lxxiii, 6; Prov. i. 9.

His style as a poet, ibid.
Golden Psalm, the meaning of, see on Psa. xvi. I, and in Habergeon, or Hauberk, description of the, Exod. xxxix. 43,
title of Psa. Ix.

Probable derivation of the word, Nch. iy. 16.
Golden age, idea of the renewal of the, among the ancient Hachammah, 27, a rabbinical memorial symbol, Masoretic

Greeks and Romans, Isa. xi. 6-8. Citations from Ferdusi notes at the end of Deuteronomy.
and Ibn Onein upon the same subject, ibid.

Hades, image of, sometimes employed in ancient poetry, Isa.
Golden bowl, what meant by this phrase, Eccles. xii. 6. v. 13, 14, xii., in principio. Beautiful personification of,
Golden Flecce, probable origin of the fable of the, Exod. Ilos. xui. 14.
xxv. 5.

Hafiz, remarkable couplet in this author something similar to
Golden image of Nebuchadnezzar, calculation of its weight

a passage in the Psalms, Psa. xxvii. 9.
of gold; upon the supposition of its having been a circular Hagar, Abram's handmaid, import of her name, Gen. xvi. 1.
cohumn of solid gold, Dan. 11. 1. Highly probable that it Hagarites, tribes of Nomade or Scenite Arabs, 1 Chron. Vi
was only gilt, or covered with thin plates, of gold, itd.

Not likely that this image was in the human form, ibid. Huggai, some account of this prophet, Hag. i., in principio.
Goliath of Gath, his extraordinary stature reduced to English Hagiographa, what books of holy writ were known among
measure, 1 Sam. xvii. 4.

Description of his armour, the Jews by this name, Zech. vii. 7.
1 Sam. xvii. 4-6. Probable weight of his panoply, 1 Sam. Hail, general supposition respecting the mode of its formation,
xvii. 7.

Exod. ix. 18 ; Job xxxvii. 22.
Gomed, 727, rendered cubil, of very doubtful signification, Hail-storms, account of several in England and elsewhere,
Judy. ill. 16.

Exod. ix. 18; Josh. x. 11.
Good shepherd, qualifications of a, Ezek. xxxiv. 6.

Haime, (John) a preacher among the Wesleyan Methodists,
Good, (Mr. Mason) his reasons for the supposition that Moses singular anecdote respecting, 2 Samn. vii., in fine.
was the writer of the book of Job, Preface to Job.

Hair, much used in divination among the ancients, and for
Gopher wood, different opinions concerning the, Gen. vi. 14. purposes of superstition among the Greeks, Lev. xix. 27;

The same with the cypress, according to Bochart, ibid. Num. vi. 18. Tearing the hair a mark of deep affliction
Goshen, conjecture of Jerome and others why this land was and distress, Josh. vii. 6; 1 Sam. iv. 12; Job 1: 20 ; Jer.
so named, Gen. xlv. 10.

xvi. 6.
Gourd kind, fruits of the, in much request in the East, Isa. Halimus, a species of plant, where found, Job xxx. 4.
i. 8.

Ham, Dr. Hales' remarks on the political condition of the
Grain formerly separated from the husk, in Palestine, by the descendants of, Gen. ix., in fine.

feet of the oxen trampling among the sheaves, or by brigHaman the Agagite, remarks on his offer of paying out of
ing a rough-shod wheel over them, Prov. xx. 26.

his own private property into the exchequer of the Persian
Granite, its component parts, Psa. cv. 41.

monarch the enormous sum of ten thousand talents of sil-
Grapes, bunches of, grew to an extraordinary size in the pro- ver, to prevent any deficiency accruing to the revenue in
mised land, Num. xii. 23.

consequence of the execution of the projected massacre of
Grave the appointed house for the vhole human family, a the Jews, Esth. iii. 9.
most solemn truth well expressed in several quotations from Hamath, probably the famous city of Emessa, 2 Sam. viii. 9;

poets, ancient and modern, 1 Kings ii. 2; Job i. 19, xxx. 23. Amos vi. 2.
Great fish that swallowed up Jonah could not have been a Hammond, (Dr. Henry) account of this commentator, Gene-

whale, and why, Jonah i. 17. That it was a shark, not an ral Preface, p. 7.
improbable conjecture, ibid. Strange trifling of ancient Hananiah, import of the name, Dan. i. 7.
and modern commentators relative to this subject, Jonah Hand in the clouds, all the appearances of God thus repre-
ü. 10.

sented in a very ancient manuscript of the Septuagint, Dan.
Great lights, the sun and moon so called in Scripture, not

according to their bulk or solid contents, but from the pro- Hand placed on the head, a mark of deep sorrow occasioned
portion of light they shed on the earth, Gen. 1. 16.

by utter desolation, Jer. ii. 37.

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X. 10.

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