« PreviousContinue »
Inder to the Old Testament.
-very remark ,בנר איש ,and bency ish ,בני אדס ,Bency adam
Behemah, ruania, transiated cattle, import of the term, Gen. | Blair's affecting picture of the death of a wicked man, Job i. 24.
xxvii. 8. Behemoth, various conjectures respecting the animal intended Blayney, (Rev. Dr.) translator of the Prophet Jeremiah, with by this name in Scripture, Job xl. 15.
Reasons for sup- notes, General Preface, p. 10. posing it to have been a species now extinct, perhaps the Blasphemy of Shelomith's son, very doubtful in what it conmammoth, ibid.
sisted, Lev. xxiv. 16, &c. Belial, its derivation and import, Deut. xiii. 13, xv. 9. Blemishes, curious rabbinical enumeration of the, which disBelibbo, 7232, import of this memorial symbol of the rabbins, abled a Jew from entering into the priest's otce, Lev. Masoretic Notes at the end of Exodus.
xxii. 20. Bellerophon, son of Glaucus, king of Ephyra, story of, sup- Blessings and curses of the law, observations on the mode in
posed to be a fabulous formation from the Scripture account which these were pronounced, and the arrangement of the of David's adultery with Bathsheba, and his murder of tribes for this purpose on Mounts Gerizim and Ebal, Deut. Uriah, 2 Sam. xi. 14.
xxvii. 26. Bells on horses, camels, &c., account of the, Zech. xiv. Blood, prohibition of the eating of, one of the seven Noahic 20.
precepts, Gen. ix. 4. Philosophical reasons for the prohiBelt, the chief ornament of a soldier, and highly prized in all bition, ibid. The eating of blood forbidden by the law of
ancient nations, 2 Sam. xviii. 11. Considered a rich pre- Moses, Lev. iii. 17, xvii. 10–14. Dr. Hunter's theory of sent from one chieftain to another, ibid.
the vitality of the blood, Lev. xvii. 11. Ben, 15, a son, whence derived, Ruth iv. 11; Psalm Blotting out of the book of God, what meant by this phrase, cxxvii. 1.
Exod. xxxii. 32. Beneficiarii, among the Romans, who, Hab. ii. 6.
Board, account of the, borne by the criminal in China, to Bene-jaakan, the twenty-seventh station of the Israelites in which the accusation is affixed, Job xxxi. 36. the wilderness, Num. xxxiii. 31.
Boccore, Dr. Shaw's account of this species of fig, Isa. , , , * a,
xxviii. 4. able distinction between, Psa. Ixii. 9.
Bochart, (Samuel) author of a very accurate work on the Bengel, (John Albert) author of an edition of the Greek Tes- geography of the sacred writings, General Preface, p. 9.
tament, with various readings and critical notes, General | Bochim, why probably so named, Judg. ii. 5. Preface, p. 10.
Bodies of the illustrious dead, how treated, according to VisBenjamin, why so named, Gen. xxxv. 18. Remarks upon gil, 2 Chron. xvii, in fine.
the provisions set before this patriarch by Joseph being Bolled, import of this word, Exod. ix. 31. much greater than what were set before each of his breth- Bones, enumeråtion of the, in the human body, Job xxxm. 19. ren, Gen. xliii. 34.
Bonny, inhabitants of, mode in which these people construct Benjamite messenger, remarks upon his very laconic relation their dwellings, Deut. xx. 5.
of the discomfiture of the Israelites by the Philistines, and Book of Life and Book of Death, among the Chinese, what, of the taking of the ark of God, 1 Sam. iv. 17.
Exod. xxxii. 32. - See also Ezek. ix. 1. Benson, (Dr.) a commentator on different portions of the Book of the Wars of the Lord, Dr. Lightfoot's opinion conNew Testament, General Preface, p. 8.
cerning the, Num. xxi. 14. Bereshith, the first book of the Hebrew Scriptures, whence Booths or sheds, erected in the East by the keepers of the so named, Preface to the Book of Genesis.
vineyards, to cover them from the scorching sun while Berith, n, rendered covenant, what it imports, Gen. vi. watching the ripening grapes, made of the lightest and 18; Lev. xxvi. 15.
most worthless materials, Job xxvi, 18. Beryl, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17; Boruvlaski, (Count) some account of this famous Polish Ezek. X. 9.
dwarf, 1 Sam. xvii., in fine, Bethany, why so named, Isa. x. 30.
Bosom, the place where the Asiatics carry every thing preBeth-el, meaning of this name, Gen. xxviii. 19.
cious or valuable, Job xxu. 12. Beth-jesimoth, the forty-second and last station of the Israel Bottles of the ancients ordinarily made of goat's skin, Gen.
ites in the wilderness, where situated, Num. xxxii. 49. xxi. 14 ; 2 Sam. xvi. 1. Description of one in the author's Bethron, why probably so named, Song ii. 17.
possession, 2 Sam. xvii. 28; Job xxxü. 19. Beth-shean, the same that was afterwards called Scythopolis, Bów, the grand weapon of our English ancestors, 2 San. Josh. xvii. 11.
vui. 18. Beth-shemesh, various conjectures concerning the number of Box, song of the, remarks upon its great ercellences, 2 Sam.
the inhabitants of, who were smitten for looking into the i., in fine. Dr. Kennicott's Latin version, ibid. ark, 1 Sam, vi. 19. The words 20*
238 grunn chame- Bmw of the Asiatics, description of the, Psa, laxvu. 57. shim, elaph ish, fifty thousand men, which stand in our Figure of its form in its quiescent state, and when ready present Hebrew copies, most probably an interpolation, to discharge the missile, ibid. ; Hos. vii. 16, Zech. ix. 14. ibid.
General dimensions of the Persian bows, according to Bethyllia or consecrated stones, remarks upon the, Gen. xxvii. Xenophon, Isa. xi. 18. 18; Job xxxi. 1 ; Isa. Ivii. 6.
Bowing the body, manner of, in Eastem countrics, Exod. iv. Bey of Tunis, his manner of living, as mentioned by Pococke, 31. The Jewish custom in this respect described, ibid. Neh. iv. 18.
Brain, contained in the cranium, and enveloped with the dura Beza, (Theodore) account of this commentator, General Pre- and pia mater, the golden bowl of Scripture, Eccles. xu. 6. face, p. 8.
Why so named, ibid. Bezer, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name, Josh Branches, feast of, for what purpose instituted, Exod. wä.
14. Bibliotheca Magna Rabbinica of Bartolocci, account of this Brass, a factitious metal known from very remote antiquitv, great work, General Preface, p. 3.
Exod. xxv. 3; Psa. xvi. 34. How made, ibid. ; Job Bildad, the Shuhite, who, Job. ii. 11
xxviii. 2. Bipens, a military weapon of the ancients, Eph. vi. 13. Breaking the jaws of the wicked, a metaphor taken from huntBirds, thoughts on the wonderful structure of their wings and ing, Job xxix. 17. feathers, Gen. i. 22.
Breastplate of judgment, why so named, Exod. xvi. 15. Birth-days, keeping of, a custom of very remote antiquity, Its description and ornaments, ibid. Breastplates, someGen. xl. 20.
thing like that of the Jewish high priest, formerly wom by Bishebuak, nyawa, a Jewish memoriał symbol, Masoretic the president of the courts of justice in Egypt, Exod xxvi. Notes at the end of Deuteronomy.
30. Bishop, remarkable saying of a, Job xix. 15.
Bribery, ordinance against, in Magna Charta, Erod. um. 8; Bitter waters of jealousy, rabbinical notion how a Jewess, i Sam. viii. 3; Mic. vii. 9. Some account of the intolera
suspected of adultery, could be said, in drinking these ble abuses which prevailed in this country before the waters, to drink the very words of the execration written publication of the great charter, ibid. by the priest, Nuin. y. 23.
Bricks, dimensions of the, commonly used by the ancients in
Index to the Old Testament,
building, according to Palladius, Ezek. v. 1. Manner of Calres of gold, set up by Jeroboam, remarks concerning the,
their formation, Isa. ix. 9, xii. 19, xxx. 13; Nah. u. 14. 1 Kings xii. 28, 29.
. 15. This illustrated by quotations froin evangelists, General Preface, p. 6.
Cambyscs, king of Persia, the Gog of Ezekiel, according to
Ascending scale of ranks which every officer Camel, Volncy's description of the, Job v. 5.
, (Dr.) author of a treatise on the evangelists, Ge.
neral Preface, p.
Canaanites, where those people, particularly so named, were
Tarshish, and Ophír, 1 Kings ix., in firm. His account of Candle or lamp, often used as the emblem of prosperity and
posterity, Job xxi. 17.
Canıllesticks in the heathen temples, bearing a great number
Canoes, formerly wholly constructed from the papyrus, Isa.
account of the creation, drawn from the cruptions of Mount. Cantate Domino, great similarity between this psalm and the
fine. List of the most striking parallels, ibid.
hold their principal annual feast in honour of Diana, Exod, the fourteenth century in the editor's possession, Introduce
tion to Solomon's Song, in fine.
when making offerings to their deinon gods, 1 Kings xviii. Isa. ü. 13-16. This navigation recovered by the Portu-
Caphtor, the island of Crete, Amos ix. 7.
Caraba, description of the, Isa. xxv: 6,
Caravans in the East, some account of the, Song vi. 4.
This name sup-
Manner in which the hadgees or pilgrims are conducted by
these conveyances in their travels by night, ibid.
Carduus vulgatissimus, a species of thistle amazingly prolific,
- Gen. ii. 18.
Carmel, altar on this mount mentioned by Tacitus and Sue-
Carmelites, religious order of the, different opinions respect-
Carolina sylvestris, a species of thistle amazingly prolific,
Caryl, (J.) a commentator on the book of Job, General Pre-
Casiphia, generally supposed to be the same with the Cas-
phan moitrans, Ezra vui. 17.
Cassiopeia, form of the constellation of, resembled by Aratus
to a key, Isa. xxii. 22.
wall, Isa. ii. 13-16.
Castrametation of the ancient Israelites, Scheuchzer's re-
the Scripture account of the rod of Moses, Exod. iv. 17. Catancans, from whom supposed to be descended, Gen.
Cato's directions in the construction of threshing-floors,
the time of Pliny, Isa. ii. 13–16. This writer assures us Cattle, mischievous, customary among the Romans to twist
them, Exod. xxi. 28.
Causes, two supreine, coeternal, and independent, according
to the magian theology, Isa. xly. 7.
themselves before Edward III., with ropes round their Pococke, 1 Sam. xxiv. 3; Isa. i. 19-21.
xxiv. 6. Some curious particulars concerning this tree re-
upon the whole Scriptures, General Preface, page 5. His of Mount Libanus, ibid. Maundrell's description of the
Psa. xcii. 12.
Ceeneth, ny, various conjectures respecting the meaning of
part, will diffuse itself to all bodies with which it comes in Celibacy has no countenance in the sacred oracles, Gen. ji.
Index to the Old Testament.
Cemarim, an order of idolatrous priests in Judea in the time body, a general custom in the East, according to Chardin,
of Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 5. Why Christian ministers have Isa. lx. X. Children formerly sometimes employed to des-
patch captives, Judg. viii. 21. Considered disgracelul to
their departure from Egypt, compared with another census Chiliarch, its import, Gen. xxxvi. 15.
that by these terins the constellations Taurus and Scorpio
Chinnereth, sea of, where situated, Num. xxxiv. 11.
fine. Its import among the Jews when used as a memorial ture foundation, according to John Taisnier, Job xxxvii. 7.
kings, Isa. lii. 2. Eastern chairs always so high as to xxiii. 1; Ezek. xxvii. 6.
Choheleth, or The oyal Preacher, some account of this
Gen, xi. 34 ; Isa. xxiii. 13. Some account of the ancient Chonin, an idol worshipped among the Peruvians from the
remotest antiquity, Amos v. 26.
Christ, of the same import with Messiah, Exod. xxix. 7.
Esth. vi, 1.
named in the versions, Preface to Chronicles. The author
bably borrowed from the Mosaic account of the creation, the supposition that Ezra was the compiler, ibid. Jerome's
opinion of these books, ibid.
from Adam to Malachi, Introduction to Isaiah. Chrono
effected, Introduction to Ezra. Instances of the very inju- in the book of Genesis, according to the computation of
upon the same plan, to the book of Exodus, Exod. xl., ix
Julian period, synchronized with the reigns of the sovereigns
Sicyon, the Argivi, and the Athenians, from the death of
Obscrvations on it by the continuator of the Historical Dis- M. 2514, ibid. General chronological table for the Perr
tateuch and Joshua, containing in five and six different
fessed to be done both by ancients and moderns, Psa. lviii. the antediluvian and postiiluvian patriarchs, and also of
the years of the reigns of contemporary monưrchs, Josh.
xxiv., in fine. Chronological table of the book of Judgesi,
nological table of this book, according to the scheme of
according to Dr. Hales, ibid. Table of the kings of Israel
7830, import of this word when used as a memo- and Judah in the consecutive order of their reigns, from
their commencement to the destruction of the former by
spersed with contemporary events from profane history,
Jews had a mosi horrible form of excommunication called of Jeremiah, according to Drs. Dahler and Blayney, Intra
duction to Jeremiah. Chronological table of the pro-
Ezekiel. Chronological table of the prophecies of Daniel,
according to Calmet, Introduction to Daniel.
How represented, ibid ; Exod. xxv. 18, xxxvi. 8; Psa. 17; Ezek. X. 9.
p. 3. Why so named, Psa. xvi., in principio.
ing the slaying of Sir Hugh Montgomery, 1 Kings xxii. 34. Church, what constitutes a, according to Tertullian, Judg.
perty of their parents, who had a right to dispose of them even the heathens derived consolation from the reflection
( 53 )
Index to the Old Testament.
Columella's directions in the construction of threshing-floors,
ages, Num. v., in fine.
known to the writer of the book of Ecclesiastes, Eccles. neral Preface, p. 17.
Concubine, its derivation and import, Gen. xxii. 24.
considered, Gen. xvii. 10. This rite performed by the Jews attributed to this great Chinese lawgiver, Deut. xxxiv., in
of two heathen poets upon this subject, ibid., 1. 15.
built, Jonah iv. 11. Consecrated to their gods, and the vi. 3.
Contingency shown to exist in human affairs; that is, that
and not being, leaving it to the will of the creature to turn
Hebrews, some account of the, the scale, 1 Sam. xxiii. il, 12.
Cor, its content in English measure, Ezra vii. 22.
Cords of vanity, what meant by this expression, Isa. v. 18.
most honourable place, Isa. xxxviii. 2; Amos ii. 12.
Cornwall, what this county was named in the ancient British
Camden's observations on the origin of
its present appellation, ibid. Conjecture of Sammes, ibid.
Corsned, trial by the, a species of ordeal common among the
Cosha, trial by the, species of ordeal among the Hindoos,
Coune, description of this Eastern vehicle, Isa. lxvi. 20.
the fourth consulship of Honorius Augustus, in illustration and where he is supposed to be always present, Psa.
covenant, Num. xviii. 19.
pression used by the ancients to denote persect security
from evil of any sort, Isa. xxviii. 15.
pretended manifestations to men, as always encompassed formation of, Gen. vi. 18, xv. 10, xxvii. 4; Josh. ix. 6;
with a, Exod. xii. 21. Probable origin of this custom, ibid. Jer. xxiv. 18.
respecting the, 2 Kings, xvi. 18.
the present day called Jeus' bread, and used by them at
the passover, 1 Kings xiv. 3.
Esth. iii. 9.
Critica Sacri, account of this immense collection of Biblical
live Christians, Gen. xxviii. 18. For a dead body to be Number and curious disposition of its scales, Job xii. 21.
The Jews had probably no coined or stamped money Crooked serpent, various conjectures respecting the meaning
canonical times of signing the body with the mark of the
cross, Psa. cxix. 164.
Cross, trial by the, a species of ordeal frequent in the middle
Crown taken from the king of the Ammonites, valuation of
ties of this see, and investing him with plenary sacerdotal Crusaders, instance of their horrible cruelties, as related in
Cubians, where these people were situated, according to
Cud, derivation and import of the term Lev. xi. 3. Philo-
Index to the Old Testament.
sophical observations relative to the faculty which certain English version, which states that David houghed all the
chariot horses of Hadadezer, shown not to contain the
meration of the wars which David righteously undertook,
years of his reign, 2 Sam. x. 19. The account of David's
13. This metaphor similarly employed among the hea- -recorded in the Old Testament) an illustrious proof of the
truth of Divine revelation, 2 Sam. xi., in fine. Dr. Kenni-
God had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies,
of taking off criminals by a cup of poison, Isa. li. 17. Song pointed out, where sense and sound are astonishingly
sublime image, frequently employed by the sacred writers, judicious observations on the Scripture statement that the
Isa. i. 22, li. 21. Whence this figure is taken, Isa. i. 22. kingdom of David shall be perpetual, 2 Sam. xxm., in fine.
Prov. xvü. 3. Its description and use, Psa. xii. 6; Jer. canus, the high priest, when besieged by Antiochus, and
three thousand talents taken from it, to induce Antiochus
on that part of the sacred text containing an account of
from which the derivation of mankind from one common Calculation of the equivalent in British standard to the
hundred thousand talents of gold and to the million talepts
of silver that were prepared by David for the temple, 2
the death of near relatives, Isa. xv. 2 ; Amos viii. 10; Mic. be understood which state David to have been a man after
God's on heart, 1 Sam. xu. 14. Sketch of the life and
ligious rites, Lev. xix. 28; Deut. xiv. 1 ; Jer. xvi. 16. Day, Jewish division of the, Exod. xii. 6. Natural division
Days of the crcation, supposed to typify the chiliods of the
world which are to elapse before the commencement of the
A gollen cagle, aeroc xpugovs, the ensign of Days of restraint, why this name was given to certain holy
Vast extent of his empire, Ezra i. 2; Esth. i. 1. and precious stones with the more illustrious dead, 1 Kings
contempt, Jer. viii. 1.
Dead Sea, desrription of its waters, Gen. xix. 25.
Death, tine saying of Seneca relative to, Job. i. 9.
Isa. xxii. 13. Impious epigram of Martial on this mage,
Death of the righteous, import of this phrase in the time of
Siculus, Judy. xvi. 23. A quotation from Horace, which Debush, 227, rendered honey, what it properly imports, Gen.
Derlication, feast of the, why instituted, Exod. xxu. 14.
Defunct, frequent repetition of the name of the, cominon in
Delhi, remarkable Persian couplet above the hall audience
Delaney's character of David, i Chron. xxix., in fine.
Isa. xlv. 19. Cicero's account of the answers generally
given by the, ibid.
duction to Daniel, p. 560. Chronological arrangement limity of its sentinent, as well as the harmony of its num-
of the events recorded in his book, ibid., pp. 562, 563. bers, Isa. xliv. 22.
Desolation, very nervously described by a Persian poet, Job
Destinies, or Fatal Sisters, fable of the, Job vü. 6.
Destaur's analysis of the book of Ecclesiastes, Introduction
very ancient custom, still observed among the Hindoos, Deus judicium, Montgomery's poctical version of the principal
passages in this Psalm, Psa. lxxii., in fine.
lem, according to the Hebrew text, 2 Sam. v. 14-16. that the triple mention of 34 Elohim, God, in the close of