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Inder to the Old Testament.

-very remark ,בנר איש ,and bency ish ,בני אדס ,Bency adam

Behemah, ruania, transiated cattle, import of the term, Gen. | Blair's affecting picture of the death of a wicked man, Job i. 24.

xxvii. 8. Behemoth, various conjectures respecting the animal intended Blayney, (Rev. Dr.) translator of the Prophet Jeremiah, with by this name in Scripture, Job xl. 15.

Reasons for sup- notes, General Preface, p. 10. posing it to have been a species now extinct, perhaps the Blasphemy of Shelomith's son, very doubtful in what it conmammoth, ibid.

sisted, Lev. xxiv. 16, &c. Belial, its derivation and import, Deut. xiii. 13, xv. 9. Blemishes, curious rabbinical enumeration of the, which disBelibbo, 7232, import of this memorial symbol of the rabbins, abled a Jew from entering into the priest's otce, Lev. Masoretic Notes at the end of Exodus.

xxii. 20. Bellerophon, son of Glaucus, king of Ephyra, story of, sup- Blessings and curses of the law, observations on the mode in

posed to be a fabulous formation from the Scripture account which these were pronounced, and the arrangement of the of David's adultery with Bathsheba, and his murder of tribes for this purpose on Mounts Gerizim and Ebal, Deut. Uriah, 2 Sam. xi. 14.

xxvii. 26. Bells on horses, camels, &c., account of the, Zech. xiv. Blood, prohibition of the eating of, one of the seven Noahic 20.

precepts, Gen. ix. 4. Philosophical reasons for the prohiBelt, the chief ornament of a soldier, and highly prized in all bition, ibid. The eating of blood forbidden by the law of

ancient nations, 2 Sam. xviii. 11. Considered a rich pre- Moses, Lev. iii. 17, xvii. 10–14. Dr. Hunter's theory of sent from one chieftain to another, ibid.

the vitality of the blood, Lev. xvii. 11. Ben, 15, a son, whence derived, Ruth iv. 11; Psalm Blotting out of the book of God, what meant by this phrase, cxxvii. 1.

Exod. xxxii. 32. Beneficiarii, among the Romans, who, Hab. ii. 6.

Board, account of the, borne by the criminal in China, to Bene-jaakan, the twenty-seventh station of the Israelites in which the accusation is affixed, Job xxxi. 36. the wilderness, Num. xxxiii. 31.

Boccore, Dr. Shaw's account of this species of fig, Isa. , , , * a,

xxviii. 4. able distinction between, Psa. Ixii. 9.

Bochart, (Samuel) author of a very accurate work on the Bengel, (John Albert) author of an edition of the Greek Tes- geography of the sacred writings, General Preface, p. 9.

tament, with various readings and critical notes, General | Bochim, why probably so named, Judg. ii. 5. Preface, p. 10.

Bodies of the illustrious dead, how treated, according to VisBenjamin, why so named, Gen. xxxv. 18. Remarks upon gil, 2 Chron. xvii, in fine.

the provisions set before this patriarch by Joseph being Bolled, import of this word, Exod. ix. 31. much greater than what were set before each of his breth- Bones, enumeråtion of the, in the human body, Job xxxm. 19. ren, Gen. xliii. 34.

Bonny, inhabitants of, mode in which these people construct Benjamite messenger, remarks upon his very laconic relation their dwellings, Deut. xx. 5.

of the discomfiture of the Israelites by the Philistines, and Book of Life and Book of Death, among the Chinese, what, of the taking of the ark of God, 1 Sam. iv. 17.

Exod. xxxii. 32. - See also Ezek. ix. 1. Benson, (Dr.) a commentator on different portions of the Book of the Wars of the Lord, Dr. Lightfoot's opinion conNew Testament, General Preface, p. 8.

cerning the, Num. xxi. 14. Bereshith, the first book of the Hebrew Scriptures, whence Booths or sheds, erected in the East by the keepers of the so named, Preface to the Book of Genesis.

vineyards, to cover them from the scorching sun while Berith, n, rendered covenant, what it imports, Gen. vi. watching the ripening grapes, made of the lightest and 18; Lev. xxvi. 15.

most worthless materials, Job xxvi, 18. Beryl, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17; Boruvlaski, (Count) some account of this famous Polish Ezek. X. 9.

dwarf, 1 Sam. xvii., in fine, Bethany, why so named, Isa. x. 30.

Bosom, the place where the Asiatics carry every thing preBeth-el, meaning of this name, Gen. xxviii. 19.

cious or valuable, Job xxu. 12. Beth-jesimoth, the forty-second and last station of the Israel Bottles of the ancients ordinarily made of goat's skin, Gen.

ites in the wilderness, where situated, Num. xxxii. 49. xxi. 14 ; 2 Sam. xvi. 1. Description of one in the author's Bethron, why probably so named, Song ii. 17.

possession, 2 Sam. xvii. 28; Job xxxü. 19. Beth-shean, the same that was afterwards called Scythopolis, Bów, the grand weapon of our English ancestors, 2 San. Josh. xvii. 11.

vui. 18. Beth-shemesh, various conjectures concerning the number of Box, song of the, remarks upon its great ercellences, 2 Sam.

the inhabitants of, who were smitten for looking into the i., in fine. Dr. Kennicott's Latin version, ibid. ark, 1 Sam, vi. 19. The words 20*

238 grunn chame- Bmw of the Asiatics, description of the, Psa, laxvu. 57. shim, elaph ish, fifty thousand men, which stand in our Figure of its form in its quiescent state, and when ready present Hebrew copies, most probably an interpolation, to discharge the missile, ibid. ; Hos. vii. 16, Zech. ix. 14. ibid.

General dimensions of the Persian bows, according to Bethyllia or consecrated stones, remarks upon the, Gen. xxvii. Xenophon, Isa. xi. 18. 18; Job xxxi. 1 ; Isa. Ivii. 6.

Bowing the body, manner of, in Eastem countrics, Exod. iv. Bey of Tunis, his manner of living, as mentioned by Pococke, 31. The Jewish custom in this respect described, ibid. Neh. iv. 18.

Brain, contained in the cranium, and enveloped with the dura Beza, (Theodore) account of this commentator, General Pre- and pia mater, the golden bowl of Scripture, Eccles. xu. 6. face, p. 8.

Why so named, ibid. Bezer, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name, Josh Branches, feast of, for what purpose instituted, Exod. wä.

14. Bibliotheca Magna Rabbinica of Bartolocci, account of this Brass, a factitious metal known from very remote antiquitv, great work, General Preface, p. 3.

Exod. xxv. 3; Psa. xvi. 34. How made, ibid. ; Job Bildad, the Shuhite, who, Job. ii. 11

xxviii. 2. Bipens, a military weapon of the ancients, Eph. vi. 13. Breaking the jaws of the wicked, a metaphor taken from huntBirds, thoughts on the wonderful structure of their wings and ing, Job xxix. 17. feathers, Gen. i. 22.

Breastplate of judgment, why so named, Exod. xvi. 15. Birth-days, keeping of, a custom of very remote antiquity, Its description and ornaments, ibid. Breastplates, someGen. xl. 20.

thing like that of the Jewish high priest, formerly wom by Bishebuak, nyawa, a Jewish memoriał symbol, Masoretic the president of the courts of justice in Egypt, Exod xxvi. Notes at the end of Deuteronomy.

30. Bishop, remarkable saying of a, Job xix. 15.

Bribery, ordinance against, in Magna Charta, Erod. um. 8; Bitter waters of jealousy, rabbinical notion how a Jewess, i Sam. viii. 3; Mic. vii. 9. Some account of the intolera

suspected of adultery, could be said, in drinking these ble abuses which prevailed in this country before the waters, to drink the very words of the execration written publication of the great charter, ibid. by the priest, Nuin. y. 23.

Bricks, dimensions of the, commonly used by the ancients in

xx. 7.

Index to the Old Testament,

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building, according to Palladius, Ezek. v. 1. Manner of Calres of gold, set up by Jeroboam, remarks concerning the,

their formation, Isa. ix. 9, xii. 19, xxx. 13; Nah. u. 14. 1 Kings xii. 28, 29.
Brimstone, used by the ancients in their superstitious purifi- Calvin, (John) a commentator on all the prophets and the
cations, Job xviii

. 15. This illustrated by quotations froin evangelists, General Preface, p. 6.
Pliny, Ovid, and Servius, ibid.

Cambyscs, king of Persia, the Gog of Ezekiel, according to
British army, descending scale of commanders in a, Num. ii., Calmet, Ezek. xxxvii. 2.
in fine.

Ascending scale of ranks which every officer Camel, Volncy's description of the, Job v. 5.
must pass through, ibid.


, (Dr.) author of a treatise on the evangelists, Ge.
British constitutim, great advantages of the, pointed out,

neral Preface, p.

1 Sam. viii., in fine. Shown to be much more excellent Canaan, land of its superficial contents, Num. xviii. 21.
than even the constitution of the kingdom of Israel, in the What proportion of the promised land belonged to the Le-
reign of David, 2 Sam. v., in fine

vites, ibid.
Broidered coat, what, Exod. xxvii. 4.

Canaanites, where those people, particularly so named, were
Bruce's opinion respecting the situation of Ezion-geber, situated, Josh. m. 10.

Tarshish, and Ophír, 1 Kings ix., in firm. His account of Candle or lamp, often used as the emblem of prosperity and
. Solomon's voyage to Ophir, 1 Kings X., in fine.


posterity, Job xxi. 17.
description of the manner in which the rain-clouds are fre- Candlestick, golden, of the temple or tabernacle, description
quently collected together in Abyssinia, 1 Kings xviii. of the, Exod. xxv. 31.

Canıllesticks in the heathen temples, bearing a great number
Brundusium, import of this name in the ancient language of of lamps, Exod. xxv., in fine.
that country, Isa. v. 1.'

Canoes, formerly wholly constructed from the papyrus, Isa.
Brydone, (Mr. Patrick) his argument against the Mosaic xviii. 1, 2.

account of the creation, drawn from the cruptions of Mount. Cantate Domino, great similarity between this psalm and the
Ætna, and the formation of the different lavas, considered, Magnificat, or Song of the Blessed Virgin, Psa. xcviii., in
Gen. i., in fine.

fine. List of the most striking parallels, ibid.
Bubastis, a city in which the Egyptians were accustomed to Canticles, book of, carefully transcribed from a manuscript of

hold their principal annual feast in honour of Diana, Exod, the fourteenth century in the editor's possession, Introduce
X. 9.

tion to Solomon's Song, in fine.
Budhoo, priests of, manner of their dancing, jumping, &c., Cape of Good Hope, passage round the, known to the ancients,

when making offerings to their deinon gods, 1 Kings xviii. Isa. ü. 13-16. This navigation recovered by the Portu-
26. Priests of this idol shave their heads close to the skin, gucse, after it had been lost for many centuries, ibid.
Ezek. xliv. 20.

Caphtor, the island of Crete, Amos ix. 7.
Buildings, Eastern, description of the walls, &c., of the, Isa. Cappadocians, from whom descended, Gen. x. 2.
ix. 9, xiü. 19, xxx. 13.

Caraba, description of the, Isa. xxv: 6,
Bul, an ancient Hebrew month, answering to a part of our

Caravans in the East, some account of the, Song vi. 4.
October and November, 1 Kings vi. 38.

This name sup-

Manner in which the hadgees or pilgrims are conducted by
posed to be of Chaldean origin, 1 Kings vi. 1.

these conveyances in their travels by night, ibid.
Burdensome stone, what probably meant by this expression, Carinuncle, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17.
Zech. xii. 3.

Carduus vulgatissimus, a species of thistle amazingly prolific,
Burkitt, (Rev. William) author of a very useful commentary

- Gen. ii. 18.
on the New Testament, General Preface, p. 8.

Carmel, altar on this mount mentioned by Tacitus and Sue-
Burkius, (Phil. David), author of notes on the twelve minor tonius, which Vespasian went to consult, 1 Kings xviii. 30.
prophets, General Preface, p. 10.

Carmelites, religious order of the, different opinions respect-
Burns, (Charles) extraordinary stature of this man, 1 Sam. ing the time of the foundation of this order, Josh. xix. 26.
xvii., in fine.

Carolina sylvestris, a species of thistle amazingly prolific,
Burnt-offerings, have been common among almost all the Gen. ii. 18.
people of the earth, Lev. i. 4.

Caryl, (J.) a commentator on the book of Job, General Pre-
Burying in towns, churches, and chapels, observations on the face, p. 7.
great impropriety of, Levi. xi. 8.

Casiphia, generally supposed to be the same with the Cas-

phan moitrans, Ezra vui. 17.

Cassiopeia, form of the constellation of, resembled by Aratus
Cab, see Kah.

to a key, Isa. xxii. 22.
Cables, made by the Egyptians of the leaves of the flag, Job Cassiterides, the same with the islands of Scilly and Corn-
11. 11.

wall, Isa. ii. 13-16.
Cabod, 7759, a memorial symbol of the rabbins, Masoretic Castor oil, whence obtained, Jonah iv. 6.
notes at the end of Deuteronomy.

Castrametation of the ancient Israelites, Scheuchzer's re-
Caduccus, the, or rod of Mercury, evidently borrowed from marks on the, Num. ü., in fine.

the Scripture account of the rod of Moses, Exod. iv. 17. Catancans, from whom supposed to be descended, Gen.
Cali enarrant, first six verses of this Psalm from an old
English manuscript, Psa. xix. 3.

Cato's directions in the construction of threshing-floors,
Calius Antipater, an accredited historian who lived before 1 Sam. xxiii., in fine.

the time of Pliny, Isa. ii. 13–16. This writer assures us Cattle, mischievous, customary among the Romans to twist
that he had seen a merchant who had made a voyage from hay about the horns of, that people seeing it might shun
Gades to Ethiopia, ibid.

them, Exod. xxi. 28.
Cain, import of this name, Gen. iv. I.

Causes, two supreine, coeternal, and independent, according
Cairns, what, Josh. vi. 26; 2 Sam. xviii. 17.

to the magian theology, Isa. xly. 7.
Caluis, affecting history of the six citizens of, who presented Cares, vast capacity of, in the East, according to Strabo and

themselves before Edward III., with ropes round their Pococke, 1 Sam. xxiv. 3; Isa. i. 19-21.
necks, and the keys of the town and castle in their hands, Cedar of Lebanon, Gabriel Sionita's description of the, Num.
1 Kings xx., in fine.

xxiv. 6. Some curious particulars concerning this tree re-
Calmet, (Dom. Augustine) a very celebrated commentator lated by De la Roque, which he learned from the Maronites

upon the whole Scriptures, General Preface, page 5. His of Mount Libanus, ibid. Maundrell's description of the
enumeration of the different ways in which a Hebrew might cedars he found growing on Mount Libanus in 1697, ibid.
lose his liberty, Exod. xxi. 2.

Psa. xcii. 12.
Calneh, the same with Ctesiphon, according to Calmet, Amos Cedreans, their origin, Gen. xxv. 13.
iv. 2.

Ceeneth, ny, various conjectures respecting the meaning of
Calorie, or natural heat, when accumulated in any particular this word, Ezra iv. 11.

part, will diffuse itself to all bodies with which it comes in Celibacy has no countenance in the sacred oracles, Gen. ji.
contact, till their temperature be equal, 2 Kings iv. 35.

18, 24.

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XXV. 2.

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Index to the Old Testament.

Cemarim, an order of idolatrous priests in Judea in the time body, a general custom in the East, according to Chardin,

of Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 5. Why Christian ministers have Isa. lx. X. Children formerly sometimes employed to des-
been called cemarim by the Jews, ibid.

patch captives, Judg. viii. 21. Considered disgracelul to
Census of the children of Israel, in the second year after fall by the hand of a child, ibid.

their departure from Egypt, compared with another census Chiliarch, its import, Gen. xxxvi. 15.
of the same people made thirty-eight years afterwards, Chilmal, possibly Chalmadora on the Euphrates, Ezek.
Num. i. 46. Curious observation of Ainsworth on the xxvii. 23.
number of families in the twelve tribes at the second cen- Chimah and Chesil, Dr. Hales' reasons for the supposition
sus, Num. xxvi. 51.

that by these terins the constellations Taurus and Scorpio
Centurion, derivation and import of this word, Gen. xxxvi. 15. are intended, Job ix., in fine.
Cerastes, whence this artimal has its name, Gen. xlix. 17. Chinese chronology of ancient events of a very extravagant
Chocameyah, 17-an, rendered wise men, Porphyry's defini- and fabulous complexion, Isa. lxv. 22.
tion of the original term, Gen. xli. 8.

Chinnereth, sea of, where situated, Num. xxxiv. 11.
Chag, an, Parkhurst's definition of this word, Lev. vii., in Chiromancy, upon what the doctrine of, is built as its Scrip-

fine. Its import among the Jews when used as a memorial ture foundation, according to John Taisnier, Job xxxvii. 7.
symbol, Masoretic notes at the end of Deuteronomy. Chittiin, the island of Cyprus, according to Josephus, Jer, ü.
Chairs, never used in Persia but at the coronation of their 10. Bochart's conjecture, ibid. Other conjectures, Isa

kings, Isa. lii. 2. Eastern chairs always so high as to xxiii. 1; Ezek. xxvii. 6.
make a footstool necessary, ibid.

Choheleth, or The oyal Preacher, some account of this
Chalal, 337, a word very improperly rendered in our version, work, as given by the late Rev. John Wesley, Introduction
Ezek. xxi. 14. Its gonuine import, ibid.

to Ecclesiastes.
Chaldaic version, account of the, Gencral Preface, p. 21. Chomesh, 1977, , rendered the fifth rib, what it properly
Chaldeans, from whom these people probably had their name, imports, 2 Sam. xx. 10.

Gen, xi. 34 ; Isa. xxiii. 13. Some account of the ancient Chonin, an idol worshipped among the Peruvians from the
condition of this people, Isa. xxiii. 13.

remotest antiquity, Amos v. 26.
Chalil, 3-317, a wind-instrument, 1 Sam. x. 5.

Christ, of the same import with Messiah, Exod. xxix. 7.
Champion, whence derived, and what its import, 1 Sam. Chronicle, remarks on the, which was read to Ahasuems,
Ivii. 4.

Esth. vi, 1.
Chance, inquiry into the derivation and meaning of this word, Chronicles, books of, this portion of holy writ variously
1 Sam. vi. 9.

named in the versions, Preface to Chronicles. The author
Chaos, notions of the heathens concerning this divinity pro- or authors of the Chronicles not known, ibid. Reasons for

bably borrowed from the Mosaic account of the creation, the supposition that Ezra was the compiler, ibid. Jerome's
Gen. i. 2.

opinion of these books, ibid.
Chaplets, wearing of, at banquets, customary among the an- Chronological list of the prophets of the Old Testament
cient Jews, Greeks, and Romans, Isa. xlviii. 1.

from Adam to Malachi, Introduction to Isaiah. Chrono
Chappelow, a commentator on the book of Job, General Pre- logical list of the sixteen prophets whose writings are pre-
face, p. 7.

served, ibid.
Chapters, division of the Holy Scriptures into, by whom Chronological Tables.—Table of the principal events recorded

effected, Introduction to Ezra. Instances of the very inju- in the book of Genesis, according to the computation of
dicious division of the chapters of holy writ, Isa. iv. 1, Archbishop Usher, interspersed with a few connecting cir-
ix. 7, xi., in principio; xv., in principio; xxvii., in prin- cumstances from profane history, Gen. l., in fine. Table

upon the same plan, to the book of Exodus, Exod. xl., ix
Charashim, , rendered carpenters, inquiry into the true fine. Table of the great epochs, A.M., B. C., and the
import of this word, Zech. i. 21.

Julian period, synchronized with the reigns of the sovereigns
Charelummim, b20 777, import of this word, Gen. xli. 8; of the four principal monarchies, viz., those of Egypt,
Exod. vii. 11.

Sicyon, the Argivi, and the Athenians, from the death of
Chariot, emblematical of Jehovah, remarks upon the, Ezek. i. Jacob, A. M. 2315, to the erection of the tabemscle, A.

Obscrvations on it by the continuator of the Historical Dis- M. 2514, ibid. General chronological table for the Perr
courses of Saurin, Ezek. X., in fine.

tateuch and Joshua, containing in five and six different
Charming of serpents and other animals, how this was pro- eras) a synchronical arrangement of the years of the life of

fessed to be done both by ancients and moderns, Psa. lviii. the antediluvian and postiiluvian patriarchs, and also of
4, el in fine.

the years of the reigns of contemporary monưrchs, Josh.
Chasdim, the same with the Chaldeans, Isa. xxüi. 13.

xxiv., in fine. Chronological table of the book of Judgesi,
Chatath, non, and Chatah, 77807, commonly translated according to Archbishop Usher, Preface to Judges. Chro-
sin, import of these words, Gen. iv. 7.

nological table of this book, according to the scheme of
Chebar, Chaborus, or Aboras, where this river is situated, Sir Jolin Marsham, ibid. Chronological table of this book,
Ezek. i. 1.

according to Dr. Hales, ibid. Table of the kings of Israel

7830, import of this word when used as a memo- and Judah in the consecutive order of their reigns, from
rial symbol."Masoretic notes at the end of Numbers.

their commencement to the destruction of the former by
Chemosh, the grand idol of the Ammonites, Ruth i. 15; Jer. the Assyrians, and of the latter by the Babylonians, inter-
xlvui. 7.

spersed with contemporary events from profane history,
Cherem, Dan, what it imports, Lev. xxvii. 21, 28, 29. The 2 Chron., in fine. Chronological tables of the prophecies

Jews had a mosi horrible form of excommunication called of Jeremiah, according to Drs. Dahler and Blayney, Intra
by this name, Num. xxü. 6.

duction to Jeremiah. Chronological table of the pro-
Cherethiles, who, 1 Sam. xxx. 14; Exek. xxv. 16; Amos phecies of Ezekiel, according to Calmet, Introduction to
ix. 7; Zeph. ii. 5.

Ezekiel. Chronological table of the prophecies of Daniel,
Chersydrus, a very venomous reptile, Num. xxi. 6.

according to Calmet, Introduction to Daniel.
Cherubim, various opinions concerning the, Gen. iii. 24. Chrysolite, some account of this precious stone, Exod. xxvu.

How represented, ibid ; Exod. xxv. 18, xxxvi. 8; Psa. 17; Ezek. X. 9.
xviii. 10. Improperly written cherubims, Gen. iii. 24; Chrysostom, account of this commentator, General Preface,
Exod. xxv. 18; Ezek. x. 20.

p. 3. Why so named, Psa. xvi., in principio.
Chevy Chase, quotation from this old national ballad respect- Chukkoth, npr, its derivation and import, Lev. Ixvi. 15.

ing the slaying of Sir Hugh Montgomery, 1 Kings xxii. 34. Church, what constitutes a, according to Tertullian, Judg.
Chical, see Jackal.
Chickpea, Dr. Shaw's account of the, 2 Kings vi. 25. Cicer, Dr. Shaw's description of this pulse, 2 Kings ri. 25.
Children, among many ancient nations, considered the pro- Cicero, quotation of a beautiful passage from, to show that

perty of their parents, who had a right to dispose of them even the heathens derived consolation from the reflection
for the payment of their debts, 2 Kings iv. l. Carrying that after death they should meet their friends in a state
of children astride upon the hip, with the arın round their of conscious existence, 2 Sam. xi. 23. Commencement

( 53 )

XX. 2.

Index to the Old Testament.
of his celebrated oration against Cataline, Job xxxviii., in Coloquintida, description of this fruit, 2 Kings iv. 39.

Columella's directions in the construction of threshing-floors,
Cider, whence this word is probably derived, Lev. xi. 9. 1 Sam. xxiii., in fine.
Cimmerians, or Cimbrians, from whom these people are sup- Combat, trial by, a species of ordeal very frequent in the dark
posed to have originated, Gen. x. 2.

ages, Num. v., in fine.
Circulation of the blood in the animal system, evidently common prayer, book of, observations concerning the, Gom

known to the writer of the book of Ecclesiastes, Eccles. neral Preface, p. 17.
xü. 7.

Concubine, its derivation and import, Gen. xxii. 24.
Circumcision, remarkable passage in Herodotus respecting, Con fu tsee, character of the ordinances and institutions

considered, Gen. xvii. 10. This rite performed by the Jews attributed to this great Chinese lawgiver, Deut. xxxiv., in
and others with a knife made of stone, Josh. v. 2. Physi- fine.
cal reason why metallic euge-tools are improper in the per- Conscience, a terrible accuser, Gen. xxxii. 6. Fine sayings
formance of this rite, ibid.

of two heathen poets upon this subject, ibid., 1. 15.
Cities of the ancients, how the larger kind were generally Contempt of court, anecdote of a woinan punished for, Exod.

built, Jonah iv. 11. Consecrated to their gods, and the vi. 3.
very walls considered as sacred, Neh. xii. 27.

Contingency shown to exist in human affairs; that is, that
Cities of the Levites, with a diagram of their dimensions, &c., God has poised many things between a possibility of being
Num. xxxv. 5.

and not being, leaving it to the will of the creature to turn
Cities of refuge among

Hebrews, some account of the, the scale, 1 Sam. xxiii. il, 12.
Num. xxxv. 11. Their typical import, Nuin. xxxv., in Coptic version, some account of the, General Preface, p. 21.
fine. Josh. xx., in fine.

Cor, its content in English measure, Ezra vii. 22.
Cities walled up to heaven, What is the meaning of this Coral, account of the, Job xxviii. 17.
phrase, Deut. i. 28.

Cords of vanity, what meant by this expression, Isa. v. 18.
City, examples of the high acceptation of this word, Psa. Corner of the room, among the inhabitants of the East, tho
lxxxvii. 4.

most honourable place, Isa. xxxviii. 2; Amos ii. 12.
City of the sun, generally supposed to have been the same Cornet, what the import of the original word so translated,
with Heliopolis, Isa. xix. 18. Conjecture of Conrad Ike- Dan. ii. 5.
mius, ibid.

Cornwall, what this county was named in the ancient British
Clap, how caused by the lightning, Job xxxviii. 26. Illustra- tongue, Isa. v. 1.

Camden's observations on the origin of
ted by an easy experiment on the air-pump:

its present appellation, ibid. Conjecture of Sammes, ibid.
Clara, (Hugo de Sancta) see Hugh de St. Cler.

Corsned, trial by the, a species of ordeal common among the
Clarius, (Isidore) account of this commentator, General Pre- Catholic clergy, Num. V., in fine.
face, p. 5.

Cosha, trial by the, species of ordeal among the Hindoos,
Claudius, anecdote respecting this Roinan emperor, 1 Kings Num. v., in fine.
ui. 25.

Coune, description of this Eastern vehicle, Isa. lxvi. 20.
Claudius the poet, quotation of a part of his panegyric upon Court of King's Bench, the place where the king presides,

the fourth consulship of Honorius Augustus, in illustration and where he is supposed to be always present, Psa.
of i Kings i. 37.

lixxi. 1.
Clcopatra, queen of Egypt, Lucan's description of the splen- Covenant of salt, a figure of speech denoting an everlasting
dour of her apartments, Ezek. xxvii. 14.

covenant, Num. xviii. 19.
Cler, (Hugh de Si.) or Hugo, de Sancta Clara, account of Covenant with death, or the beasts of the field, a proverbial ex-
this commentator, General Preface, p. 5.

pression used by the ancients to denote persect security
Climax, double, remarkable instance of a, Psa. i. 1.

from evil of any sort, Isa. xxviii. 15.
Cloud, ancient heathen writers represent their gods, in their Corenants, inquiry into the practices of the ancients in the

pretended manifestations to men, as always encompassed formation of, Gen. vi. 18, xv. 10, xxvii. 4; Josh. ix. 6;

with a, Exod. xii. 21. Probable origin of this custom, ibid. Jer. xxiv. 18.
Couted, derivation and import of this old English word, Josh. Covert for the Sabbath in the temple, various conjectures
ix. 5.

respecting the, 2 Kings, xvi. 18.
Coats of mail, how formed in different countries, 1 Sam. xvii. Covetousness awfully punished in Gehazi, 2 Kings v. 27.
5. Weight of that which appertained to Goliath of Gath, Cracknels, the Hebrew word so translated signifies what is to
reduced to avoirdupois pounds and ounces, ibid.

the present day called Jeus' bread, and used by them at
Coa Vestis, see Multitia.

the passover, 1 Kings xiv. 3.
Cock, consecrated to Apollo, or the sun, among the later Crassus, Plutarch's account of the great wealth of this man,
heathens, 2 Kings xvii., in fine.

Esth. iii. 9.
Cockatrice, Kimchi's observation on the sparkling of the eyes Crimson, whence this word is derived, Isa. i. 18.
of this animal, Isa. xi. 8.

Critica Sacri, account of this immense collection of Biblical
Cæna, or Supper, why so named by the Romans, Job xxxi. 17. critics, General Preface, p. 11.
Coffins of the martyrs accustomed to be anointed by the primi- Crocodile, a sacred animal among the Egyptians, Exod. i. 11.

live Christians, Gen. xxviii. 18. For a dead body to be Number and curious disposition of its scales, Job xii. 21.
put in a coffin a mark of great distinction among the ancient Eyes of the crocodile among the Egyptians, the emblem
Egyptians, Gen. 1. 26. Some of the Egyptian coffins made of the morning, Job xli. 18. Amazing strength of this ani-
of granite, and covered over with hieroglyphics, ibid. mal in its tail, Job xli. 19. Particular description of the
Coin, in many countries, had its name from the image it bore, crocodile, Job xli., passim. This animal supposed to be
as instanced in the Jacobus, Carolus, &c., Gen. xxxiii. the leviathan of Scripture, ibid.

The Jews had probably no coined or stamped money Crooked serpent, various conjectures respecting the meaning
before the Babylonish captivity, Jer. xxxii. 9. Description of this phrase, Job xxvi. 13.
of the coin struck by Vespasian on the capture of Jerusa- Cross, curious extract from a Saxon homily relative to the
lem, Lam. i. 1.

canonical times of signing the body with the mark of the
Coke, (Reo. Dr.) account of this commentator, General Pre-

cross, Psa. cxix. 164.
face, p. 9.

Cross, trial by the, a species of ordeal frequent in the middle
Cold, at particular times so very intense in the East as to kill ages, Num. v., in fine,
man and beast, Psa. cxlvii. 17.

Crown taken from the king of the Ammonites, valuation of
Collation of an archbishop to the spititualities and temporali- the, 2 Sam. xü. 20.

ties of this see, and investing him with plenary sacerdotal Crusaders, instance of their horrible cruelties, as related in
authority by sending him the pallium or pall, whence the the Gasta Dei per Francos, Psa. Ix., in fine.
Romanists probably borrowed this rite, i Kings xix., in Crystal, some account of this mineral, Job xxviii

. 17.

Cubians, where these people were situated, according to
Collections, feast of, for what purpose instituted, Exod. xxiii. Ptolemy, Ezek. xxx, 5.

Cud, derivation and import of the term Lev. xi. 3. Philo-


Index to the Old Testament.

sophical observations relative to the faculty which certain English version, which states that David houghed all the
animals possess of chewing the cud, ibid.

chariot horses of Hadadezer, shown not to contain the
Cudworth, (Dr.) his excelent remarks on the ark, table of sense of the original, 2 Sam. viii. 4. Dr. Delaney's enu-
shewbread, &c., Exod. xxv. 23.

meration of the wars which David righteously undertook,
Cumean sibyl, Virgil's description of the seat of the, Isa. xlv. and gloriously terminated, in the first nineteen or twenty

years of his reign, 2 Sam. x. 19. The account of David's
Cup, its metaphorical import in Scripture, Psa. xi. 6, cxvi. adultery with Bath-sheba, and his murder of Uriah (as

13. This metaphor similarly employed among the hea- -recorded in the Old Testament) an illustrious proof of the
thers, as shown by a quotation from Homer, ibid.

truth of Divine revelation, 2 Sam. xi., in fine. Dr. Kenni-
Cup of consolation, its literal and metaphorical acceptation, cott's remarks upon the Song which David composed when
Jer. xvi. 8.

God had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies,
Cup of trembling, probably an allusion to the ancient method 2 Sam. xxii., in fine. A peculiarly sublime passage of this

of taking off criminals by a cup of poison, Isa. li. 17. Song pointed out, where sense and sound are astonishingly
Cup of the wrath of Jehovah, a very bold, highly poetical, and combined, 2 Sam. xxii. 11; Psa. xviii. 10. L. De Dieu's

sublime image, frequently employed by the sacred writers, judicious observations on the Scripture statement that the

Isa. i. 22, li. 21. Whence this figure is taken, Isa. i. 22. kingdom of David shall be perpetual, 2 Sam. xxm., in fine.
Cupel, a sort of instrument used in the purification of silver, The tomb of David said to have been ransacked by Hyr-

Prov. xvü. 3. Its description and use, Psa. xii. 6; Jer. canus, the high priest, when besieged by Antiochus, and
vi. 27.

three thousand talents taken from it, to induce Antiochus
Cupid and Psychc, an ancient allegory by which marriage is to raise the siege, 1 Kings ii. 10. Dr Kennicott's crucism
bappily illustrated, Gen. ii. 24.

on that part of the sacred text containing an account of
Customs and usages of universal preralence, enumeration of, David's dying charge relative to Shinei, 1 Kings ii., in hine

from which the derivation of mankind from one common Calculation of the equivalent in British standard to the
stock is demonstrable, Gen. x., in fine.

hundred thousand talents of gold and to the million talepts
Cruheans, who, 2 Kings xvii. 24.

of silver that were prepared by David for the temple, 2
Cutting off the hair, a sign of great distress, and practised on Chron. x., in fine. In what sense those scriptures are to

the death of near relatives, Isa. xv. 2 ; Amos viii. 10; Mic. be understood which state David to have been a man after
i. 16.

God's on heart, 1 Sam. xu. 14. Sketch of the life and
Cultings of the flesh, common among the heathens in their re- character of David, book of Psalms, in fene.

ligious rites, Lev. xix. 28; Deut. xiv. 1 ; Jer. xvi. 16. Day, Jewish division of the, Exod. xii. 6. Natural division
Cymbal, description of this ancient musical instrument, Isa. of the day for necessary refreshment, Eccles. x. 17,
xviii. 1.

Days of the crcation, supposed to typify the chiliods of the
Cynopolis, why this city was so framed, Exod. xi. 7.

world which are to elapse before the commencement of the
Cymus, wliy so partial to the Jews, according to Josephus, rest that reinains for the people of God, Gen. i. 16.
Ezra i. i.

A gollen cagle, aeroc xpugovs, the ensign of Days of restraint, why this name was given to certain holy
Oyrus, according to Xenophon, Isa. xlvi. 11. This Per. days ordained by the law, Isa. i. 13.
sian monarch very probably named by Isaiah way, acit, or Daysman, wbat intended by this term in our courts of juris-
the eagle, from this circunstance, ibid. Pliny's account prudence, Job ix. 30.
of the wealth taken by Cyrus in Asia, Isa. xlv. 3, Manner Deod, methods of honouring the, among the ancients, Gen.
of the death of Cyrus as related by Herodotus, ibiil ; Ezek. 1. 26. Customary in ancient times to deposit gold, silver,
XXXV. 6.

Vast extent of his empire, Ezra i. 2; Esth. i. 1. and precious stones with the more illustrious dead, 1 Kings
Xenophon's list of the nations conquered by Cyrus, Isa. ii. 10. Raising the bodies of the dead, and scattering their
xlv. 1. The righteous man mentioned by Isaiah to be umder- bones about, formerly the highest expression of hatred aud
stood of Abraham, and not of this monarch, Isa, xli. 2.

contempt, Jer. viii. 1.

Dead Sea, desrription of its waters, Gen. xix. 25.

Death, tine saying of Seneca relative to, Job. i. 9.
Dabar Ychorah, 1179 m27, import of this phrase, Lev. xxvi. Death, image of, why hung up by Domitian in his dining-room,

Isa. xxii. 13. Impious epigram of Martial on this mage,
Dedalus and Icarus, fable of, moralized by a Roman poet, ibiit.
Prov. xxv. 7.

Death of the righteous, import of this phrase in the time of
Dagon, description of this idol of the Philistincs by Diodorus Moses, Num. xxiii. 10.

Siculus, Judy. xvi. 23. A quotation from Horace, which Debush, 227, rendered honey, what it properly imports, Gen.
seems to have an allusion to the image of Dagon, ibid. ;

xliii. 11.
1 Sam. v. 4. This idol supposed to have been the same Decalogue, controversy whether this was written on the first
with Dirceto, Attergatis, the Venus of Askelon, and the tables, Exod. xxxiv. 1.
Moon, 1 Sam. v. 2.

Derlication, feast of the, why instituted, Exod. xxu. 14.
Daman-Israel, account of this animal, Prov. xxx. 24.

Defunct, frequent repetition of the name of the, cominon in
Damascenes, excessive superstition of the, according to the lamentations, 2 Sain. xix. 4.
Midrash, Isa. xvii. 1.

Delhi, remarkable Persian couplet above the hall audience
Damascus, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Syria, Amos in the imperial palace at, Neh, ii. 8.
i. 3.

Delaney's character of David, i Chron. xxix., in fine.
Damme, (Thomas) extraordinary longevity of this man, Psa. Delphic oracle, description of the, by Diodorus and Strabo,
xc., in fine.

Isa. xlv. 19. Cicero's account of the answers generally
Dan, why this patriarch was so named, Gen. xxx. 6.

given by the, ibid.
Daniel, sketch of the life and character of this prophet, Intro- | Demosthenes, passage in, admired by Longinus for the sub-

duction to Daniel, p. 560. Chronological arrangement limity of its sentinent, as well as the harmony of its num-

of the events recorded in his book, ibid., pp. 562, 563. bers, Isa. xliv. 22.
Daphne, Ovid's description of the beauties of, Song iv. 7. Desmond, countess of, extraordinary longerity of the, Psa.
D'Arvieur's account of the costly ornaments of the Arabian xc., in fine.
ladies, Song i. 10.

Desolation, very nervously described by a Persian poet, Job
Date, or palm tree, its description and various uscs, Psa. xcii. xvii. 15; Isa. xiii. 22 ; Zeph. ii. 14.

Destinies, or Fatal Sisters, fable of the, Job vü. 6.
Date wine, see Palm wine.

Destaur's analysis of the book of Ecclesiastes, Introduction
Duughters given in marriage according to their seniority, a to Ecclesiastes.

very ancient custom, still observed among the Hindoos, Deus judicium, Montgomery's poctical version of the principal
Gen. xxix. 26.

passages in this Psalm, Psa. lxxii., in fine.
David, number of the children born to this prince in Jerusa- | Deus miscreatur, an ancient opinion of the Christian Church

lem, according to the Hebrew text, 2 Sam. v. 14-16. that the triple mention of 34 Elohim, God, in the close of
Number according to the Septuagint version, ibid. Our this Psalm, has a reference to the Holy Trinity, Psa Lxvu. 7


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