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Table of Passages of the Old Testament cited or referred to in the New. Chap. Ver. i 32. Whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord.

4. But the just shall live by faith. John iï. 36 ; Rom. x. 13.

Rom. i. 17; Gal. iii. 11; Heb. x. 38.

Chap: Ver.

11.

AMOS. v. 25. Have ye offered to me sacrifices. Acts vii. 42. vi. 1. Wo to them that are at ease in Zion. Luke vi. 24. ix. 11. I will raise up the tabernacle of David. Acts

xv. 16, 17.

HAGGAI. ii. 6. I will shake the heavens and the earth. Heb.

xii. 26.

JONAH. i. 17. Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and

three nights. Matt. xii. 40, xvi. 4; Luke xi. 30. iii. 4-9, The people of Nineveh repented. Matt. xii.

41; Luke xi. 32.

ZECHARIAH. vii. 16. Speak every man truth to his neighbour. Eph.

iv. 25. ix. 9. Behold thy King cometh. Matt. xxi. 5; John

xii. 15. xi. 11, 12. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces

of silver. Matt. xxvi. 15, xxvii. 9, 10. xii. 10. They shall look upon me whom they have pierced.

John xix. 34, 37; Rev. i. 7. xiii. 7. I will smite the Shepherd. Matt. xxvi. 31;

Mark xiv. 27.

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MALACHI. 1. 2, 3. I loved Jacob, and hated Esau. Rom. ix. 13. ui. 1. Behold, I send my messenger. Matt. xl. 10;

Mark i. 2; Luke i. 76, vii. 27. iv. 5. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet. Matt.

xi. 14, xvii. 11; Mark ix. 11; Luke i. 17. 6. He shall turn the hearts of the fathers to the children. Luke i. 17.

827

>

GENERAL INDEX

TO THE

NOTES ON THE OLD TESTAMENT.

N. B. In principio refers to the observations at the beginning, and in fine to those at the end, of the chapter.

A.

Gen. ii. 18. Calculation of the number of individuals that AARON, why called “God's holy one,” Deut. xxxiii. 8. could proceed from a single plant in four years, ibid. Abana, a river of Damascus; reasons for believing that the Acarus sanguisugus, description of this animal, Exod. vii.

river known in the time of Elisha by this name is a branch 16. of the Barrady, 2 Kings v. 12.

Achad, 754, probable reason why the Jews, asseinbled i Abarim, mountains of, Dr. Shaw's description of the, Num. synagogue, so frequently repeat, and loudly vociferate, this

xxvii. 12. The fortieth station of the Israelites in the wil- word, whenever that very celebrated passage in the Pertaderness, Num. xxxii. 47.

teuch relative to the unity of the Divine Being occurs in Abed-nego, derivation of the name, Dan. i. 7. How it should the Sabbath readings, Deut. vi. 4. be pronounced, ibid.

Achan, inquiry whether the sons and daughters of this man Aben Ezra, account of this commentator, General Preface, were stoned to death and burnt as well as their father, Josh. p. 2.

vii. 25. Abenım, buy, why weights were originally so named by the Achashdarpeney, 77008, import of this word, Ezra vii. Hebrews, Lev. xx. 36.

36 ; Esth. ii. 12; Dan. ii. 2. Abib, constituted the first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical Achmetha, the same with Ecbatana, Ezra vi. 2. year, Exod. xii. 2.

Adad, a Syrian idol, supposed to have been the same with Abijah, battle of, with Jeroboam, great discordances in the Jupiter and the sun, Isa. Ixvi. 17. Meaning of the name,

versions respecting the number of the combatants and of according to Macrobius, ibid. The appellation of this idol the slain, 2 Chron. xii. 3. The number of men engaged formed a part of the name of some Syrian kings, ihre and slain, probably only a tenth part of that stated in the Adam, meaning of this word, Gen. i. 26. The names given present copies of the Hebrew, ibid.

by Adam to the animals, a strong proof of the original perAblutions, before offering sacrifice to the gods, evidently bor. féction and excellence of man, Gen. ii. 20.

rowed by the heathens from the Jewish purifications, Éxod. Additions in the versions to the commonly received Hebrew xix. 10.

text, Gen. iv. 8; xlvi. 20; Num. X. 6; Judg. iv. 9; Abner, observations on David's lamentation over, 2 Sam. iii. Neh. vii. 69; Esth. ii. 20; Psa. xiv. 3, et in fine; uwii. 33.

20; cxlviii. 8; Prov. iv., in fine ; xii. 11; xix. 22; xxii. 1. Aboras, where this river is situated, Ezek. i. 1.

Adjuration, most solemn form of, in use among all nations, Abrabanel or Abarbanel, (Rabbi Isaac) account of this com- Deut. iv. 26. mentator, General Preface, p. 2.

Adonai, 1978, its derivation and import, Gen. xv. 8; Psa. Abraham, import of the name, Gen. xii. 2; xiv. 13; xvii. 5. xcvii. 1.

In what it differs from Abram, Gen. xii. 2. Extreme tri- | Adonis, situation of this river, 1 Kings v. 9. Probable origin Aing of rabbins and others upon this name, Gen. xvii. 5. of the fable concerning, Ezek. vii. 14. Reasons for believing that the righteous man spoken of in the Adoration, origin of the word, 1 Kings xix. 18; Job mi. forty-first chapter of Isaiah refers to Abraham rather than 26; Hos. xiii. 2. The kings of Persia never admitted any to Cyrus, Isa. xli. 2. Character of Abraham, Gen. XXV., to their presence without first requiring the act of prostrain fine.

tion, called alloration, Isa. xlix. 23. Very remarkable Abraham's bosom, lying in, and to recline next to Abraham in example of adoration as related by Harmer, ibid.

the kingdom of heaven, images by which the state of the Adrammelech, an object of idolatrous worship among the blessed is represented, Isa. Ixvi. 24. A similar imagery Sepharvites. 2 Kings xvii. 31, et in fine. Meaning of the employed by heathen writers, ibid.

name, ibid. Represented, according to Jarchi, under the Abrech,

7778, rendered bow the knee, of doubtful signification, form of a mule, 2 Kings xvü. 31. Gen.'xli. 43.

Adullam, where situated, Mic. i. 15. Absalom, David's very pathetic lamentation on the death of, 2 Adultery, anciently punished by burning, Gen. xxxvii. 24.

Sam. xviii. 33. In what order the words were probably Derivation of the word, according to Minshieu, ild. How pronounced, ibid.

the crime of adultery was punished among the Chaldeans, Absalom's hair, substance of Bochart's dissertation on the Persians, and Romans, Prov. vi. 33; Ezek. IX. 25.

weight of, 2 Sam. xiv. in fine. The reasoning of this great Adulteresses, punishment of, among the ancient Germans, Hebrew critic not conclusive, and another mode proposed Hos. ii. 3. of removing the difficulties which exist in the present He- Adytum, Adurov, definition of this word by Hesychius, Isa. brew text upon this subject, ibid.

xlv. 19. Abre Thaher, a chief of the Carmathians, singular anecdote Æge or Ægea, the usual burying-place of the ancient Macerespecting, Gen. xxxiv. 24.

donian kings, Dan. viii. 5. Abyssinia, list of the monarchs of, from Maqueda, queen of Ægeada, the people that inhabited Æge or Ægea, Dan. vii. 5. Šaba, to the nativity, 1 Kings x., in fine.

Ælian, remark of, how common angelic appearances are to be Acacia Nilotica, some account of the, Exod. xxv. 5. Sup- distinguished from those of the gods, Ezek. i. 7.

posed by some to be the Shittim wood of Scripture, ibid. Ænigma, see Enigma. Acanthum vulgare, a species of thistle extremely prolific, Aeroliths, Izarn's table respecting, showing the places and Index to the Old Testament.

15;

times in which these substances fell, and the testimonies by | Alnajab, an Ethiopian tribe who perform the rite of crrcumwhich these facts are supported, Josh. x. 11. Chemical cision with knives made of stone, Josh. v. 2. analyses of two aeroliths by Fourcroy and Vauquelin, ibid. Altar, derivation and import of the term, Gen. vij. 20. Hypotheses by which the falling of stones from the atmos- Deemed sacrilege to molest a man who had taken refuge phere have been accounted for, ibid:

there, 1 Kings i. 50; ii. 30. The altar no asylum for a Æschylus, citation of a very beautiful passage from this poet presumptuous murderer, 1 Kings ii. 30.

respecting the omnipotence of the Divinity, Hab. iii. 6. Al-taschil, import of this tern, Psa. Ivii., in principio. Æthiopians, conjecture concerning their origin, Gen. x. 6. Alting's ingenious method of reconciling the discrepances in Æthiopic version, account of the, General Preface, p. 21. the sacred text with respect to the nuinber of captives that Æthon, one of the horses of the sun, according to the pagan

returned from Babylon, Ezra ii. 2. mythology, meaning of the name, 2 Kings ii. 11. Alukah, apy3y, rendered “horseleech,” probably a proper Afghans, singular and very interesting remark of Sir William name, Prov. xxx. 14.

Jones respecting the probable origin of this people, 2 Kings Aluph, 1738, what it imports, Gen. xxxvi. 15; Exod. xv. xvii. 6.

Jer. xi. 19. Afrasiab, an ancient king, when and where he flourished, Job Alush, the ninth station of the Israelites in the wildemess, xviii. 15.

Num. Xxxü. 13. Agate, some account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17. Ambidexter, to be an, in high repute among the ancients, Agriculture, in ancient times the principal employment, trade Judg. iii. 15. Quotations from Homer and Aristotle in

and commerce being little known, 1 Sam. xi. 4. General illustration of this circumstance, ibid. agreement among all nations in attributing the science of Amen, very whimsical rabbinical derivation of this word,

agriculture to the inspirations of their deities, Isa. xxviii. 26. Num. v. 22. Ahashteranim, anun, its derivation according to Bo-American Indians, singular opinion of the author of a work . viii. 10.

entitled The Star in the West, respecting the origin of Ahasuerus of Ezra, thought to be the same with the Cambyses these people, Hos. ix. 17.

of the Greeks, Ezra iv. 6. The Ahasuerus of Esther the Americans, the Gog of Ezekiel, according to Mede, Ezek. same with Artaxerxes Longimanus, according to Prideaux; Xxxviii. 2. Esth. i. 1.

Amethyst, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17. Ahava, a river supposed to be the same with that which is Amorites, where formerly situated, Josh. iii. 10. A name called Diara or Adiara, Ezra viii. 15.

often given to the Canaanites in general, 2 Sam. xxi. 2. Ahaz, observations on the nature and structure of the sundial Amos, short biographical sketch of, Introduction to Amos.

of, with a diagram of its supposed form, 2 Kings xx., in Observations of Jerome, Lowth, and Newcome, on the style fine.

of this prophet, ibid. Ahijah the Shilonite, author of a history of the reign of Solo- Amriolkais, an Arabic poet, whose works are in the Moalla

mon long since lost, 1 Kings xi. 29. Explanation of his kat, Pga. Ix., in principio. symbolical prophecy respecting the division of the monarchy Amru, an eminent Arabian poet, Psa. lx., in principio. of Solomon into two very unequal parts, to form two dis-Amygdalus communis, or common almond tree, description

tinct and independent kingdoms, 1 Kings xi. 31-39. of the, Num. xvii. 8. Ainsworth, (Henry) a celebrated commentator on the Penta- Anammelech, an object of idolatrous worship among the

teuch, Psalms, and Canticles, General Preface, p. 7. His Sepharvites, 2 Kings xvii. 31. Meaning of the name, ibid. curious conjecture respecting the typical import of the forty- Represented under the form of a horse, according to Jarchi, two stations of the children of Israel, Num. xxxii. 2. ibid. Probably the same with the Moloch of the Ammone His interesting observations on the travels of the Israelites ites, ibid. through the wilderness, Num. Xxxij., in fine.

Anathoth, situation of, according to Eusebius, Jerome, and Alv, inquiry into the proper meaning of this term, Gen. xxi. Josephus, Isa. x. 28.

Whence derived, according to Aristotle, ibid. Anav, 138, rendered meck, what it properly imports. Num. Akrabbim, why probably so named, Judg. i. 36.

xii. 3. Alamoth, possible import of this word, Psa. xlvi., in principio. Anarimander, supposed by the Greeks to have been the Al-cahol, Al-kahol, Alcohole, or Alcoholados, see Stibium. inventor of the division of the day into hours, Dan. iii. 6. Alcimus, a soldier in the army of Demetrius, extraordinary Anarimenes, singular anecdote concerning, Eccles. ix. 14.

weight of his panoply, according to Plutarch, 1 Sam. xvii. Ancient versions, readings in the, confirmed by Hebrew

7. Probably not equal to that of Goliath of Gath, ibid. manuscripts, Gen. xxv. 8, xlix. 25; Judg. iii. 7; Job v. Aldebaran, longitude of this fixed star, B. C. 2337, and A. 15, ix. 33, xxi. 13; Psa. ix., in principio, xvi. 10, xxiv. D. 1800, Job ix., in fine.

6, xxv. 5, xxxiv. 10, lü. 4, lvii. 8, lix. 9, lxxxix. 17, xc. 1, Aleppo, duration of the vintage at, Amos ix. 13. Commence- 17, ex. 1, 3, 6, 7, cxv., in principio; Prov. vii. 15; Isa. ment and termination of the sowing season, ibid.

i. 29, ii. 10, iii. 6, xiv. 3, xvii. 4, xxv. 2, xxix. 3, 11, IXX. Alexander's tomb, an Egyptian coffin vulgarly so called in the 6, xxxii. 13, xli. 2, 3, xlii. 20, xliv. 11, xlvii. 13, xlviii. 11, British Museum, description of, Gen. I., in fine.

xlix. 5, 1. 2, li. 19, li. 15, liii. 3, liv. 8, lvi. 10, lvii. 12, Alcrandria, principally peopled with Jews in the time of the lviii. 13, lx. 4, lxii. 5, lxiii. 6, lxv. 23, lxvi. 18; Jer. xvii.

Ptolemies, Isa. xix., in principio: xxiv. 14. The Jews 13. of this city had privileges granted to them by Alexander Ancile, or sacred shield that fell from heaven in the reign of

equal to those of the Macedonians, Isa. xix., in principio. Numa Pompilius, probably an aerolith, Josh. x. 11. Alexandria on the Tanais, walls of, in what time said to have Andreas of Cæsarea, account of this commentator, General been built by Alexander, Neh. vi. 15.

Preface, p. 4. Alexandrian money, table of the, Exod. xxxvij. 24.

Aneb el dib, a name given by the Arabs to the solanum incaAlgiers, Dr. Shaw's account of the summer retreats of the num, or hoary nightshade, Isa. v., 2.

persons of quality round about this city, Amos ii. 15. Angel, its general import in the Scriptures, Gen. xxxii. 1; Aliteration, remarkable instances of, in sacred and profane Exod. iii. 2; Eccles. v. 6; Hag. i. 13. Remarkable paswriters, Gen. xlix. 19; Psa. cxxii. 6.

sage in Philo Judæus relative to the angel in whom is the Almah, iniy, its derivation and import; Gen. xxiv. 43; name of Jehovah, Exod. xxii. 20.

xxix. 9; Isa. vii. 15. This term, in its most obvious and Angelic ministry, doctrine of, defended, Gen. xxxii. 1, 2; literal acceptation, applicable to the mother of our Lord till Zech. i. 2. Remarkable passage in Hesiod respecting the

she had brought forth her first-born Son, Isa. vii. 15. ministration of angels, Gen. xxxii. 1. Almon-diblathaim, the thirty-ninth station of the Israelites in Anglo-Saxon version, some account of the, General Preface,

the wilderness, Num. xxxii. 46. Almond tree, time of its efflorescence, &c., according to Animalculæ, astonishing minuteness of some species of, inha

Pliny, Jer. i. 11. Why used as a symbol of promptitude, biting the water, Gen. i. 20. ibid.

Animals, offered to God under the Jewish dispensation, Almug tree or Algum tree, very uncertain what tree is meant thoughts concerning the, Lev. i. 2. The pagan theology by this name, i Kings x. 14.

differed widely in this respect from the law of Moses, ibid.

33.

p. 22.

Index to the Old Testament.

Animals that had been employed for agricultural purposes Roman feet, and thus prolonged for a short time the polinot offered in sacrifice by the Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, tical existence of Syracuse, Eccles. ix. 14. nor Egyptians, Num. xix. 2.

Architecture of the temple, Dr. Delaney's remarks on the Animals clean and unclean among the Jews, observations · Divine original of the, 1 Chron. xxviii. 19.

concerning, with an inquiry into the derivation of the vari- Arcturus, import of the Hebrew word so translated very unous Hebrew words by which these animals are expressed, certain, Job ix. 9. Lev. xi. Their Linnæan classification and description, Ardsheer Diraz Dest, the same with Artaxerxes Longimanus, Deut. xiv.

Ezra i. 1. Anna Perenna, a pagan feast of antiquity, how celebrated, Argonautics, citation of a passage from the, which bears a Lev. xxiii. 34.

close analogy to a part of the history of Jonah, Jonah i. 14. Anointing, ceremony of, see Unction.

Ariel, conjecture wby Jerusalem was so named, Isa. xxix. I. Anointing of stones, images, &c., to set them apart to idola- Ariopharnes, king of Thrace, anecdote respecting, 1 Kings

trous worship, common among ancients and moderns, Gen. ii. 25. xxviii. 18; Isa. lvii. 6.

Aristotle, Works of, said to contain four hundred and fortyAnomalies, instances of, which are all probably corruptions, five thousand two hundred and seventy verses ; in what Isa. i. 30, v. 1, li. 16, lxii. 2.

sense we are to understand this statement, Introduction to Ant, natural history of the, Prov. vi. 6.

Ezra. Antarah, an eminent Arabic poet, whose work is contained in Ark of Noah, its tonnage according to Arbuthnot, Gen. vi. the Moallakat, Psa. Ix., in principio.

15. Shown to have been sufficiently capacious to contain Antares, longitude of this fixed star, B. C. 2337, and A. D. every species of animal, with food for twelve months, ibid. 1800, Job ix., in fine.

Dr. Lightfoot's calculation of its draught of water, Gen. Antediluvian putriarchs, table of the great discrepances in viii. 4.

the Hebrew, Samaritan, and Septuagint copies, with respect Ark, in which were deposited the two tables of stone, its to the time they are stated to have lived before their sons' construction and dimensions, Exod. xxv. 10. Wlay the births, Gen, v. 3.

ark is called the footstool of God, Isa. Ix. 13. Anthony, immense debt contracted by this individual, the Arks of the heathens, some account respecting the, Exod.

whole of which was paid in less than a month, Esth. m. 9. XXV., in fine. Anthropopathia, a striking example of this metaphor, Isa.'i. Armour, burning of, as an offering made to the god supposed 24.

to be the giver of victory, a custom among some heathen Antigone of Sophocles, quotation from the, very similar to a nations, Isa. ix. 4. The Romans used it as an einblem of passage in Psa. cxxi. 4.

peace, ibid. Description of a medal struck by Vespasian Antimony, employed by the Asiatics in staining the eyes, 2 illustrative of this ancient custom, ibid. Kings ix. 30.

Arpach, nb, import of this memorial symbol of the rabAntiochus Epiphanes, this Syrian monarch supposed by Mar- bins, Masoretic Notes at the end of Numbers. tin to be the Goy of Ezekiel, Ezek. xxxviii. 2.

Arrack, made of the juice of the date or palm tree, Psa. xcii. Anubis, a city of Egypt, why also called Cynopolis, Exod. 12. xi. 7.

Arrous, customary among the heathens to represent any Anubis Latrator, why this Egyptian idol was so named, Exod. judgment from the gods under the notion of, Deut. qu. xi. 7.

23. Arrows, round the heads of which inflammable matApalim, by, rendered cmerods, probably mean hemor- ter was rolled and then ignited, were used by the ancients, rhoids, 1 Sam. v. 8.

and shot into towns to set thein on fire, and were discharged Apicius, an individual immensely rich, Esth. iii. 9. His tra- among the towers and wood-works of besiegers, Ps. gical end, ibid.

Ixxvi. 3. Apis, an object of Egyptian idolatry, Gen. xliii

. 32; Deut. Arsenal, for the temple, provided by David, according to Joiv. 17. Thought to have been posterior to the time of Jo- sephus, 2 Kings xi. 10. seph, ibid. The molten calf of Aaron supposed by some Arvad or Arad, where situated, Ezek. xxvii. 8. to have been an exact resemblance of this Egyptian idol, Asa, king of Judah, his very magnificent funeral, 2 Chron. Exod. xxxii. 4. For what purpose a wlnte bull was occa- xvi. 14. sionally sacrificed to Apis by the Egyptians, Lev. xvi. Asaph, a very celebrated musician who flourished in the time 10.

of David, Psa. l., in principio. Twelve of the Psalms in Apocryphal writings, that St. Paul quoted from the, accord- the sacred canon, which bear the name of Asaph, thought

ing to the opinion of some, utterly incredible, Isa. Ixiv. 4. by some to have been written by him, ibid. The style of Apollo, whence this heathen divinity had his name, according David and Asaph compared, ibid. to Plutarch, Exod. iii., in fine. Worshipped under the Ashchenaz, where situated, Jer. li. 27. form of a crow by the ancient Egyptians, Exod. viii. 26. Asher, why so named, Gen. xxx. 13. Whence the fable of Apollo or the sun being seated in a Asherah, Da, rendered grore, more probably signifies an blazing chariot, drawn by horses which breathed and snorted idol of some description; perhaps the same with the Venus fire, originated, according to some, 2 Kings ii. 11.

of the pagan myt

gy, 2 Kings xxi., in fine. A Touvios, why this epithet was applied to Jupiter, Exod. viii. Ashes upon the head, a sign of sorrow and great distress 24.

among many nations, 1 Sam. iv. 12. Aponius, a commentator on Solomon's Song, General Pre-Ashima, an ancient object of idolatrous worship, 2 Kings face, p. 4.

xvii., in fine. Aquila, a translator of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, Ashtoreth, an idol of the Sidonians, 1 Kings xi. 5; 2 Kings General Preface, p. 21.

xxiii. 13. Arabic version of the Old Testament, some account of the, Ashummed Jugg, of the Hindoos, particular description of General Preface, p. 22 ; Isa. Ixvi., in fine.

the, with an explanation of the mystic ceremonies, as given Arabon,

,

rendered pledge, inquiry into its import, Gen. by the commentators upon their original scriptures, Lev. Xxxviii. 17.

xvi. 10. А

very
close
copy

of the Jewish scape-goat, idad. Arabs, their independent condition from the remotest anti- Asiatic bow, description of the, Psa. lxxviii. 57. Figure of

quity, an irrefragable proof of the Divine origin of the Pen- its form in its quiescent state, and when ready to discharge tateuch, Gen. xvi. 12. Dr. Shaw's account of the manne the arrow or missile, ibid; Zech. ix. 14. in which the Arabs entertain strangers, Judg. vi. 19. Vol- Asiatic idols, description of several in the author's possession, ney's description of their personal appearance, Job v. 5. Ezek. i. 10. Various tribes of Arabs, Isa. xlii. 11.

Asiatic proverbs, collection of, Prov. xxxi., in fine. Aram Maharaim, the same with Mesopotamia, Amos ix. 7. Asmoneans, observations on the motto said to have been upon Arbiter bibendi, among the Romans, who were the, Esth. i. 8. their ensigns, Exod. xv. 11. Arbor infelix, the tree on which criminals were hanged so Asnapper, very uncertain who, Ezra iv. 10.

named among the Romans, Josh. viii. 29; Esth. vii. 8. Asp, a very small serpent peculiar to Egypt and Libya, Ps. Archimedes, how this celebrated mathematician destroyed the xci. 13.' No remedy for the bite of an asp, ibid. Singular

ערבון.

Inder to the Old Testament.

effect of the venom upon the animal system, ibid. Why cal writings for the deliverance of the people of God from Cleopatra, the celebrated queen of Egypt, chose to die by the power of evil under the Gospel dispensation, Isa. xl. the bite of this animal, ibid.

6-8. Asphallites, Lake of, exceedingly salt, Josh. xv. 62. Babylonian embassy to Hezekiah, observations on the, 2 Ass's head, in the Holy of Holies, probable origin of the story Kings xxi., in fine.

of the heathens, that the Jews had a figure of this descrip- Babylonians, singular custom among these people of selling tion to which they paid religious worship, 2 Kings xvü., in all their marriageable virgins by public auction, Gen. xxix. fine.

20. In what the dress of this people consisted, according Assembly of Divines, account of their notes upon the Scrip- to Herodotus, Dan. ii. 21. tures, General Preface, p. 7.

Babylonish robes, some account of the, Josh. vii. 21. Assyrians, their origin, Gen. xxv. 18. The same people with Bacchus, some portions of the fable concerning, very similar

the Babylonians, according to Herodotus and Strabo, Isa. to what is related of Moses, Exod. iv. 17. This idol worxlv. 25.

shipped under the form of a goat by the ancient Egyptians, Astrology, Judicial, demonstrated to be vain, unfounded, Exod. vii. 26. absurd, and wicked, 1 Sam. vi., in fine.

Backbite and Backbiter, words of Anglo-Saxon origin, Psa. Asuppim, the house of, why so named, i Chron. xxvi. 15. xv. 3. Intended to convey the treble sense of knatishness, Asyla of the Greeks and Romans, for what purpose erected, cowardice, and brutality, ibid. Num. xxxy. 11.

Bacon's (Friar) method of restoring and strengthening the Atlas, fable of, whence it originated, Job xxvi. 11.

natural heat, 1 Kings i., in fine. Atmosphere, enumeration of some of the great benefits derived Badad, 72, import of this word when employed by the

from the, Job xxviii., in fine. Calculation of its pressure Jews as a memorial symbol, Masoretic notes at the end of upon the whole terraqueous globe, 1 Sam. ii., in fine; Job Numbers. xxxviii., in fine. Observations on its refractive nature, 2 Badgers' skins, the Hebrew words so translated of very unKings xx., in fine. In what sense the atmosphere may be certain import, Exod. xxv. 5. termed the belt or girdle of the earth, ibid.

Bueshah, wx, various conjectures respecting the meaning Alonement or expiation for sin, tradition concerning, strongly of this word, Job xxxi. 40.

and universally retained among the heathens, 2 Kings xvii., Bagad, 79 x3, import of this phrase when employed by the in fine.

Jews as a memorial symbol, Masoretic Notes at the end of Attic moneys, tables of the, Exod. xxxvi. 24.

Leviticus. Augustine, some account of this celebrated commentator, Baking in the East, manner of, with an account of the instruGeneral Preface, p. 4.

ments employed in the process, Lev. ii. 7. Aur, 778, generally translated light, has various imports in Balaam, character of this prophet of the Most High God, different parts of the Old Testament, Gen. i. 3.

Num. xxiv., in fine. Observations on his famous prophecy Aurum Regina or Queen Gold, what, Esth. ii. 18.

concerning a star to spring out of Jacob, Num. xxiv. 6. Authorized version, detailed account of the, General Preface, Balance, trial by the, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos, p. 14, &c.

Num. V., in fine. Autumnal rains, in the East, Dr. Shaw's account of the, with Banditti, hordes of, frequent in Arabia to the present day, their accompaniments, Psa. cxxxv. 7.

Job i. 15. Avarice, very nervous saying of an English poet concerning, Banner, giving the, very ingenious illustration of, by Mr. Jer. xvii. 11.

Harmer, Psa. Ix. 4, et in fine. Aven or On, the famous Heliopolis, Ezek. xxx. 17.

Barach, generally rendered to bless, very extensive imAven, Plain of, the same with Baal-Bek, according to Calmet, port of the original word, Gen. i. 3; 1 Kings xxi. 9. Amos i. 5.

Barbary, Dr. Shaw's account of the chocolate-coloured potAvites, very uncertain who these people were, 2 Kings xvii., tage made by the inhabitants of, Gen. xiv. 29.

in fine. Conjecture of Grotius respecting them, ibid. Bards, among the ancient Druids, who, Num. xxi. 27. Ayal, 3-2, Dr. Shaw's opinion relative to the meaning of this Barley harvest, time of its commencement in Palestine, Ruth Hebrew word, Deut. xii. 15.

i. 22. Azariah, import of this name, Dan. i. 7.

Barrady, Maundrell's account of this river, 2 Kings v. 12. Azubah, wife of Caleb, why so named, according to the Tar- Barrows or Tumuli, in England, what, 2 Sam. xviii

. 17. gum, 1 Chron. ii. 18.

Bars of the pit, what probably meant by this phrase among

the ancients, Job xvii. 16. B.

Batanim, baba, its import uncertain, Gen. xlii. 11, Baal, what this term imports, Judg. ii. 11.

Bath, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity, Baal-bek, the ancient Aven or Heliopolis, Amos i. 5.

Exod. xvi. 16; Ezra vi. 22. Baal-hatturim, (Rabbi Jacob) account of this commentator, Battering-ram, description of the, Ezek. v. 2. This machine General Preface, p. 2.

unknown in the time of Homer, ibid. Baal-peor, probably the Priapus of the Moabites, and wor- Battle, trial by, when and where supposed to have had its

shipped with the same obscene and abominable rites, Num. origin, Num. v., in fine. xxu. 28; Deut. ij. 29.

Baxter, (Richard) a commentator on the New Testament, Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, why so named, Exod. iii. 24; General Preface, p. 7. 2 Kings i. 2.

Beards, held in high respect in the East, the possessor conBaul-zephon, probably an idol temple, Exod. xiv. 2.

sidering it his greatest ornament, often swearing by it, and Babel, derivation and import of this name, Gen. xi. 9.

in matters of great importance pledging it, 2 Sam. x. 4; Babel, tower of, Heathen testimonies concerning, Gen. xi. 4. Song v. 13; Isa. vii. 20. Never cut off but in mourning or

Various conjectures relative to the purpose for which this as a mark of slavery, ibid. ; Jer. xli. 5. Considered by the tower was built, Gen. xi. 9.

Turks a great affront to take a man by his beard, unless it Babet or Baby, conjecture respecting the origin of this word, be to kiss it, Isa. vii. 20. Beards of the Macedonians Zech. ji 8.

ordered by Alexander to be shaved off, and the singular Babylon, its great naval power before the time of Cyrus, Isa. reason given by this king for the mandate, 2 Sam. ii. 16.

xliii. 14. Semiramis, the foundress of this part of the Ba- Bedaui or Beduui, a people of Arabia, Isa. xlii. 11. bylonian greatness, ibid. Manner of the taking of Babylon Bede, account of this cominentator, General Preface, p.

4. by Cyrus, Isa. xxi. 1, xliv. 27, xlv. 2; Jer. 1. 24. Policy Bedoloch, 77373, translated bdellium, Bochart's opinion reof the Persian monarchs in destroying the naval importance specting the meaning of this word, Gen. ii. 12. of Babylon, Isa. xliii. 14. Some particulars of the great-Bedouin, Volney's description of the, Job v. 5. ness of Babylon, Isa. xiii

. 19, xlv. 2. Notation of the Beds of inory, what, Amos vi. 4. several steps by which the remarkable prophecies against Becch iree, juice of the, used for drink in the northern parts this great city were ultimately accomplished in its total ruin, of Europe, Job xxx. 4. ibid. The annihilation of its walls accounted for, ibid. Bees, Homer's very nervous description of a great swarm of, Deliverance from Babylon a frequent figure in the propheti- Psa. cxviii. 12.

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