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Table of Passages of the Old Testament cited or referred to in the New.

Chap. Ver.

Chap. Ver.

n 39. Whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord. Rom. i. 13.


v. 35. Have ye offered to me sacrifices. Acts vii. 42. vi. 1. Wo to them that are at ease in Zion. Luke vi. 24. ix. 11. I will raise up ilr tabernacle of David. Acts zv. 16, 17.


i. 17. Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. Matt. xii. 40, xvi. 4; Luke xi. M. iil 4-9, The people of Nineveh repented. Matt. xii. 41; Luke xi 32.


v 2. Thou, Bethlehem Ephratah. Matt. ii. 6; John

vii. 42.

vii. 6. The son dishonoured his father. Matt. z. 21, 35, 36; Luke xii. 53, zxi. 16.

NAHUM. i. 15. Behold upon the mountains the feet. Rom. z. 15.

HABAKKUK. i. 5. Behold ye among the heathen—and wonder.

Acts mi. 41.

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viii. 16. Speak every man truth to his neighbour.

hr. 25. iz. 9. Behold thy King cometh. Matt. zzi. 5; John

xii. 16. zi. 11, 12. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces

of silver. Matt. xxvi. 15, xxvii. 9, 10. zii. 10. They shall look upon me whom they have pierced.

John xix. 34, 37; Rev. i. 7. xiii. 7. I will smite the Shepherd. Matt. xxvi. 31;

Mark xiv. 27.


i. 2, 3. I loved Jacob, and hated Esau. Rom. ix. 13. iii. 1. Behold, I send my messenger. Matt. zi. 10;

Marki. 2; Luke i. 76. vii. 27. iv. 5. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet. Matt.

xi. 14, xvii. 11; Mark ix. 11; Luke i. 17. 6. He shall turn the hearts of the fathers to the children. Luke i. 17. 827



N B. In principle refers to the observations at the beginning, and in Jau to those at the end, of the chapter

AARON, why called "God's holy one," Dcut. xxxiii. 8.
Abann, a river of Damascus; reason* for believing that the

river known in the time of Elisha by this name is a branch

of the Barrady, 2 Kings v. 19.
Abarim, mountains of, Dr. Shaw's description of the, Num.

xxvii 12. The fortieth station of the Israelites in the wil-

demess, Num. xxxiii. 47.
Abed-ncgo, derivation of the name, Dan. i. 7. How it should

be pronounced, ibid.
Aben Ezrz, account of this commentator, General Preface,

p. 3.
Abemm, fjiyyn, why weights were originally so named by the

Hebrews, Lev. xx. 36.
Aliib, constituted the first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical

year, Exod. xii. 2.
Abijah, battle of, with Jeroboam, great discordances in the

versions respecting the number of the combatants and of

the slain, 2 Chron. xiii. 3. The number of men engaged

and slain, probably only a tenth part of that stated in the

present copies of the Hebrew, ibid.

Ablutions, before offering sacrifice to the gods, evidently bor-
rowed by the heathens from the Jewish purifications, Exod.

M\. 10.

Abner, observations on David's lamentation over, 2 Sam. iii.

Aboras, where this river is situated, Ezck. i. 1.

Abrabanel or Abarbanel, (Rabbi Isaac) account of this com-
mentator, General Preface, p. 8.

Abraham, import of the name, Gen. xii. 2; xiv, 13; xvii. 6.
In what it differs from Abram, Gen. xii. 3. Extreme tri-
fling of rabbins and others upon this name, Gen. xvii. 6.
Reasons for believing that the righteous man spoken of in the
forty-first chapter of Isaiah refers to Abraham rather than
to Cyrus, Isa. xii. 2. Character of Abraham, Gen. xxv.,
in lfii>

Abraham's bosom, lying in, and to recline next to Abraham in
the kingdom of heaven, images by which the state of the
blessed is represented, Isa. Ixvi. 24. A similar imagery
employed by heathen writers, ibid.

Abrer.h, T-qk- rendered bow the knee, of doubtful signification,
Gen.'xli. 43.

Absalom, David's very pathetic lamentation on the death of, 2
Sam. xviii. 33. In what order the words were probably
pronounced, ibid.

Absalom's hair, substance of Bochart's dissertation on the
weight of, 2 Sam. xiv. in fine. The reasoning of this great
Hebrew critic not conclusive, and another mode proposed
of removing the difficulties which exist in the present He-
brew text upon this subject, ibid.

Abu Thaher, a chief of the Carmathians, singular anecdote
respecting, Gen. xxxiv. 24.

Abyssinia, list of the monarchs of, from Maqucda, queen of
Saba, to the nativity, 1 Kings x., in fine.

Acacia ffilotica, some account of the, Exod. xxv. 5. Sup-
posed by some to be the Shittim wood of Scripture, ibid.

Acanthum Tulgare, a species of thistle extremely prolific,

Gen. iii. 18. Calculation of the number of individuals that
could proceed from a single plant in four years, ibuL

Acarus sanguisvgus, description of this animal, Exod. viii.

Ac had, -ris*- probable reason why the Jews, assembled in
synagogue, so frequently repeat, and loudly vociferate, this
word, whenever that very celebrated passage in the Penta-
teuch relative to the unity of the Divine Being occurs in
the Sabbath readings, Deut. vi. 4.

Achan, inquiry whether the sons and daughters of this man
were stoned to death and burnt as well as their father. Josh,
vii. 25.

Achashdarpeney, ijBITBniti import of this word, Ezra via.
36; Esth. iii. 12; Dan. iii. 2.

Achmetha, the same with Ecbatana? Ezra vi. 2.

Adad, a Syrian idol, supposed to have been the same with
Jupiter and the sun, Isa. Ixvi. 17. Meaning of the name,
according to Macrobius, ibid. The appellation of this idol
formed a part of the name of some Syrian kings, ibid.

Adam, meaning of this word, Gen. i. 26. The names siren
by Adam to the animals, a strong proof of the original per-
fection and excellence of man, Gen. ii. 30.

Additions in the versions to the commonly received Hebrew
text, Gen. iv. 8; xlvi. 30; Num. x. 6; Judg. iv. 9;
Neh. vii. 69; Esth. ii. 30; Psa. xiv. 3, et in fine; xxxriii.
20; cxtviii. 8; Prov. iv., in fine ; xii. 11; xix. 32; xxii. 1.

Adjuration, most solemn form of, in use among all nations,
Deut. iv. 26. r

Adonai, -;-s. its derivation and import, Gen. xv.. 8; Psa.
xcvii. 1.

Adonis, situation of this river, 1 Kings v. 9. Probable origin
of the fable concerning, Ezek. viii. 14.

Adoration, origin of the word, 1 Kings xix. 18; Job xxxi.
26; Hos. xiii. 2. The kings of Persia never admitted any
to their presence without first requiring the act of prostra-
tion, called adoration, Isa. xlix. 33. Very remarkable
example of adoration as related by Harmer, ibid.

Adrammelech, an object of idolatrous worship among the
Sepharvites. 3 Kings xvii. 31, et in fine. Meaning of the
name, ibid. Represented, according to Jarchi, under the
form of a mule, 3 Kings xvii. 31.

Adullam, where situated, Mic. i. 15.

Adultery, anciently punished by burning. Gen. xxxviii. 84.
Derivation of the word, according te Minahieu, ilrid. How
the crime of adultery was punished among the Chaldeans,
Persians, and Romans, Prov. vi. 33; Ezek. xxiii. 25.

Adulteresses, punishment of, among the ancient Germans,
Hos. ii. 3.

Adytum, tiAvrov, definition of this word by Hesyrhius, Isa.
xiv. 19.

Age or JEgea, the usual burying-place of the ancient Mace-
donian kings, Dan. viii. 5.

JEptaaat, the people that inhabited ^£ge or a pea, Dan. viii 6.

JElian, remark of, how common angelic appearances are to be
distinguished from those of the gods, Ezek. i. 7.

JEnigma, see Enigma.

Aeroliths, Izam's table respecting, showing the placet and

Index to the Old Testament.

times in which these substances fell, and the testimonies by
which these facts are supported, Josh. x. 11. Chemical
analyses of two seroljths by Fourcroy and Vanqnelin, ibid.
Hypotheses by which the falling of stones from the atmos-
phere have been accounted for, ibid:
JBtckyba, citation of a very beautiful passage from this poet

respecting.the omnipotence of the Divinity, Hab. iii. 6.
Ethiopians, conjecture concerning their origin, Gen. x. 6.
JEthiopic version, account of the. General Preface, p. 21.
JEthon, one of the horses of the sun, according to the pagan

mythology, meaning of the name, 2 Kings ii. 11.
Afpharu, singular and very interesting remark of Sir William
Jones respecting the probable origin of this people, 2 Kings
xvii. 6.
Afrnxiab, an ancient king, when and where he flourished, Job

xviii. 15.

Agate, some account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17.
Agriculture, in ancient times the principal employment, trade
and commerce being little known, 1 Sam. xi. 4. General
agreement among all nations in attributing the science of
agriculture to the inspirations of their deities, Isa. xxviii. 26.
Ahashteranim, B^iHITlBn*' 'te derivation according to Bo-
chart, Esth. viii. 10.

Ahasucrus of Ezra, thought to be the same with the Cambyses

of the Greeks, Ezra. iv. 6. The Ahasuerus of Esther the

same with Artaxerxes Longimanus, according to PrideajiX)

Esth. i. 1. i

Ahava, a river supposed to be the same with that which is

called Diaxa or Adiara, Ezra viii. 15.

Aim-, observations on the nature and structure of the sundial
of, with a diagram of its supposed form, 2 Kings xx., in

Alujah the Shilonite, author of a history of the reign of Solo-
mon long since lost, 1 Kings xi. 29. Explanation of his
symbolical prophecy respecting the division of the monarchy
of Solomon into two very unequal parts, to" form two dis-
tinct and independent kingdoms, 1 Kings xi. 31-39.
Ainnearth, (Henry) a celebrated commentator on the Penta-
teuch, Psalms, and Canticles, General Preface, p. 7. His
curious conjecture respecting the typical import of the forty-
two stations of the children of Israel. Num. xxxiii. 2.
His interesting observations on the travels of the Israelites
through the wilderness, Num. xxxiii., in fine.
Atuv, inquiry into the proper meaning of this term, Gen. xxi.

33. Whence derived, according to Aristotle, ibid.
Akrabbim, why probably so named, Judg. i. 36.
Alamoth, possible'import of this word, Psa. xlvi., in principio.
Al-cahol, Al-kahol, Alcohole, or Alcoholados, see Stibium.
Alcimu.i, a soldier in the army of Demetrius, extraordinary
weight of his panoply, according to Plutarch, 1 Sam. xvii.
7. Probably not equal to that of Goliath of Gath, ibid.
Aldebaran, longitude of this fixed star, B. C. 2337, and A.

D. 1800, Job ix., in fine.

Aleppo, duration of the vintage at, Amos ix. 13. Commence-
ment and termination of the sowing season, ibid.
Alexander's tomb, an Egyptian coffin vulgarly so called in the

British Museum, description of, Gen.T., in fine.
Alexandria, principally peopled with Jews in the time of the
Ptolemies, Isa. xix., in principio: rxiv. 14. The Jews
of this city had privileges granted to them by Alexander
equal to those of the Macedonians, Isa. sir, in principio.
Alexandria on the Tanais, walls of, in what time said to have

been built by Alexander, Neh. vi. 15.
Alexandrian money, table of the, Exod. xxxviii. 24.
Algiers, Dr. Shaw's account of the summer retreats of the

persons of quality round about this city, Amos iii. 16.
Alliteration, remarkable instances of, in sacred and profane

writers, Gen. xlix. 19; Psa. cxxii. 6.
\'::<••!,, nttbSi it* derivation and import, Gen. xxiv. 43;
xxix. 9; Isa. vii. 15. This term, in its most obvious and
literal acceptation, applicable to the mother of our Lord till
she had brought forth her first-born Son, Isa. vii. 15.
Almon-dibltUhaim, the thirty-ninth station of the Israelites in

the wilderness. Num. xxxiii. 46.

Almond tree, time of its efflorescence, &c , according to
Pliny, Jer. i. 11. Why used as a symbol of promptitude,

Almu.% tree or Algum tree, very uncertain what tree is meant
by this name, 1 Kings x. 14.

Alnajab, an Ethiopian tribe who perform the rite of cm-urn-

cision with knives made of stone, Josh. v. 2.
Altar, derivation and import of the term, Gen. viii. 20.
Deemed sacrilege to molest a man who had taken refuge
there, 1 Kings i. 50; ii. 30. The altar no asylum for a
presumptuous murderer, 1 Kings ii. 30.
Al-timrlnt. import of this term, Psa. Ivii., in prmeipio.
Ailing'» ingenious method of reconciling the discrepances in
the sacred text with respect to the number of captives that
returned from Babylon, Ezra ii. 2.
Alukah, ---;;. rendered "horseleech," probably a proper

name, Prov. xxx. 14.
Aluph, ah, wnat it imports, Gen. xxxvi. 15; Exod. Xt.

15; 'Jo. xi. 19.
Ahem, the ninth station of the Israelites in the wilderness,

Num. xxxiii. 13.
Ambidexter, to be an, in high repute among the ancients,

Judg. iii. 15. Quotations from Homer and Aristotle in

illustration of this circumstance, ibid.
Amen, very whimsical rabbinical derivation of this word,

Num. v. 22.
American Indians, singular opinion of the author of a work

entitled The Star in the West, respecting the origin of

these people, Hos. ix. 17.
Americans, the Gog of Ezekiel, according to Mede, Ezek.

xxxviii. 2.

Amethyst, account of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. 17.
Amorilei, where formerly situated, Josh. iii. 10. A name

often given to the Canaanites in general, 2 Sam. xxi. 2.
Amos, short biographical sketch of, Introduction to Amos.

Observations of Jerome, Lowth, and Newcome, on the style

of this prophet, ibid.
At/frioltais, an Arabic poet, whose works are in the Moalk-

kat, Psa. Ir is principio.

Amru, an eminent Arabian poet, Psa. Ix., in principle.
Amygdalus commums, or common almond tree, description

of the, Num. vii. 8.
Anammeleck, an object of idolatrous worship among the

Sepharvites, 2 Kings xvii. 31. Meaning of the name, ibid.

Represented under the form of a horse, according to Jarchi,

ibid. Probably the same with the Moloch of the Ammon-
ites, ibid.
Anathoth, situation of, according to Euscbras, Jerome, and

Josephus, Isar. x. 28.
Anav, -Qy, rendered meek, what it properly imports. Num.

xii. 3.
Anaximander, supposed by the Greeks to have been the

inventor of the division of the day into hours, Dan. iii. 6.
Anaximenes, singular anecdote concerning, Eccles. ix. 14.
Ancient versions, readings in the, confirmed by Hebrew

manuscripts, Gen. xxv. 8, xlix. 25; Judg. iii. 7; Job v.

15, ix. 33, xxi. 13; Psa. ix., in principio, xvi. 10, xxiv.

6, xxv. 5, xxxiv. 10, liii. 4, Ivii. 8, lix. 9, Irxxix. 17, xc. 1,

17, dr. 1, 3, 6, 7, crv., in principio; Prov. viii. 15; Isa.

i. 29, ii. 10, iii. 6, xiv. 3, xviii. 4, Xtv. 2, xxix. 3, II. xxx.

6, xxxii. 13, xli. 2, 3, xlii. 20, xliv. 11, xlvii. 13, xlviii. 11,

xlix. 5,1. 2, Ii. 19, Iii. 15, liii. 3, liv. 8, hri. 10, Ivii. 12,

Iviii. 13, Ix. 4, Ixii. 5, Ixiii. 6, Ixv. 23, Ixri. 18; Jer. xviii.

Ancile, or sacred shield that fell from heaven in the reign of

Numa Pompilins, probably an aerolith. Josh. x. 11.
Andreas of, account of this commentator, General

Preface, p. 4.
Anei el dib, a name given by the Arabs to the suhnium inca-

mtm, or Hoary nightshade, Isa. v. 2.
Angel, its general import in the Scriptures, Gen. xxxii. 1;

Exod. iii. 2; Eccles. v. 6; Hag. i. 13. Remarkable pas-
sage in Philo Judsus relative to the angel in whom is the

name of Jehovah, Exod. xxiii. 20.
Angelic ministry, doctrine of, defended, Gen. xxxii. 1,2;

Zech. i. 2. Remarkable passage in Hesiod respecting the

ministration of angels, Gen. xxxii. 1.
Anglo-Saxon version, some account of the, General Preface,

p. 22.

Animalcule, astonishing minuteness of some species of, inha-
biting the water, Gen. i. 20.
Animals, offered to God under the Jewish dispensation,

thoughts concerning the, Lev. i. 2. The pagan theology

differed widely in this respect from the law of Moses, ibid.

Index to the Old Testament.

Animals that had been employed for agricultural purposes
not offered in sacrifice by the Hebrews, Greeks, llomans,
nor Egyptians, Num. xix. 2.

Ammali clean and unclean among the Jews, observations
concerning, with an inquiry into the derivation of the vari-
ous Hebrew words by which these animals arc expressed,
Lev. xi. Their Linnaean classification and description,
Deut. xiv.

Anna Pcrcnna, a pagan feast of antiquity, how celebrated,
Lev. xxiii. 34.

Anointing, ceremony of, sec Unction.

Anointing of stones, images, &c., to set them apart to idola-
trous worship, common among ancients and moderns, Gen.
xxviii. 18; Isa. Ivii. 6.

Anomalies, instances of, which are all probably corruptions,
Isa. i. 30, v. 1, li. 16, Ixiii. 2.

Ant, natural history of the, Prov. vi. 6.

Antarah, an eminent Arabic poet, whose work is contained in
the Moalliikat, Psa. lx., in principio.

Antarcs, longitude of this fixed star, B. C. 2337, and A. D.
1800, Job ix., in fate.

Antediluvian patriarchs, table of the great discrepances in
the Hebrew, Samaritan, and Scptuagint copies, with respect
to the time they arc stated to have lived before their sons'
births, Gen. v. 3.

Anthony, immense debt contracted by this individual, the
whole of which was pftid in less than a month, Esth. iii.^9.

Anthropopathia, a striking example of this metaphor, Isa.' i.

Antigone of Sophocles, quotation from the, very similar to a
passage in Psa. cxxi. 4.

Antimony, employed by the Asiatics in staining the eyes, 2
Kings ix. 30.

Antiochus Eyiphancs, this Syrian monarch supposed by Mar-
tin to be the Gog of Ezekiel, Ezek. xxxviii. 2.

Anubis, a city of Egypt, why also called Cynopolis, Exod.
xi. 7.

Anubis LaJrator, why this Egyptian idol was so named, Exod.
xi. 7.

Apnlim, Bi^es, rendered emcroth, probably mean hemor-
rhoids, 1 Sain. v. 8.

Apicius, an individual immensely rich, Esth. iii. 9. His tra-
gical end, ibid.

Apis, an object of Egyptian idolatry, Gen. xliii. 32; Deut.
iv. 17. Thought to have been posterior to the time of Jo-
seph, ibid. The molten calf of Aaron supposed by some
to have been an exact resemblance of this Egyptian idol,
Exod. xxxii. 4. For what purpose a white bull was occa-
sionally sacrificed to Apis by the Egyptians, Lev. xvi.

Apocryphal icritings, that St. Paul quoted from the, accord-
ing to the opinion of some, utterly incredible, Isa. Ixiv. 4.

ApoUo, whence this heathen divinity had his name, according
to Plutarch, Exod. iii., in fine. Worshipped under the
form of a crow by the ancient Egyptians, Exod. viii. 26.
Whence the fable of Apollo or the sun being seated in a
blazing chariot, drawn by horses which breathed and snorted
fire, originated, according to some, 2 Kings ii. 11.

As-ouiuoc, why this epithet was applied to Jupiter, Exod. viii.

Aponius, a commentator on Solomon's Song, General Pre-
face, p. 4.

Aijui/a, a translator of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek,
General Preface, p. 21.

Aral/ic version of the Old Testament, some account of the,
General Preface, p. 22; Isa. Ixvi., in fine.

ArtJion, •ymj, rendered pledge, inquiry into its import, Gen.
xxxviii. 17.

Arabs, their independent condition from the remotest anti-
quity, an irrefragable proof of the Divine origin of the Pen-
tateuch, Gen. xvi. 12. Dr. Shaw's account of the manner
in which the Arabs entertain strangers; Judg. vi. 19. Vol-
ncy's description of their personal appearance, Job v. 5.
Various tribes of Arabs, Isa. xlii. 11.

Aram Naharaim, the same with Mesopotamia, Amos ix. 7.

Arbiter bibcndi, among the Romans, who were the, Esth. i. 8.

Arbor infelix, the tree on which criminals were hanged so
named among the Romans, Josh. viii. 29; Esth vii. 8.

Archimedes, how this celebrated mathematician destroyed the

Roman fleet, and thus prolonged for a short time the poh-
tical existence of Syracuse, Eccles. ix. 14.
Architecture of the temple, Dr. Delaney's remarks on ibc
Divine original of the, 1 Chron. xxviii. !'.'

Arctuna, import of the Hebrew word so translated very un-
certain, Job ix. 9.

Ardsheer Diraz Dat, the same with Artaxerxes Longimaniu,

Ezra i. 1. , ."

Argonautics, citation of a passage from the, which bears a

close analogy to a part of the history of Jonah, Jonah i. 14.

Ariel, conjecture why Jerusalem was so named, Isa. ixix. 1.

Ariopharncs, king 01 Thrace, anecdote respecting, 1 Kings
iii. 25.

Aristotle, Works of, said to contain four hundred and forty-
five thousand two hundred and seventy veraea; in what
sense we are to understand this statement, Introduction to

Ark of Noah, its tonnage according to Arbuthnot, Gen. Tj.
15. Shown to have been sufficiently capacious to contain
every species of animal, with food for twelve months, tiirf.
Dr. Lightfoot's calculation of its draught of watervGen.
viii. 4.

Ark, in which were/ deposited the two tables-of stone, its
construction and dimensions, Exod. xxv. 10. Why the
ark is called the footstool of God, Isa. lx. 13.

Arks of the heathens, some account respecting the, Exod.
xxv., in. fine. ^

Armour, burning of, as an offering made to the god supposed
to be the giver of victory, a custom among some heathen
nations, Isa. ix. 4. The Romans used it as an emblem of
peace, ibid. Description of a medal struck by Vespasian
illustrative of this ancient custom, ibid.

Arpach, ntnx- import of this memorial symbol of the rab-
bins, Masoretic Notes at the end of Numbers.

Arrack, made of th» juice of the date, or palm bee, Psa. zeii.

Arrows, customary among the heathens to represent any
judgment from the gods under the notion of, Dent, xxxii.
23. Arrows, round the heads, of which inflammable mat-
ter was rolled and then ignited, were used by the ancients,
and shot into towns to set them on fire, and were discharged
among the lowers and wood-works •of besiegers, Psa,
Ixxvi. 3.

Arsenal, for the temple, provided by David, according to Jo-
sephus, 2 Kings xi. 10.

Anad or Arad, where situated, Ezek. rxvii. 8.

Asa, king of Judah, his very magnificent funeral, 3 Chron.
xvi. 14.

Asaph, a very celebrated musician who flourished in the time
of David, Psa. L, in principio. Twelve of the Psalms in
the sacred canon, which bear the name of Ataph, thought
by some to have been written by him, ibid. The style of
David and Asa^h compared, ibid.

Ashchcnaz-, where situated,'Jcr. li. 27.

Ashcr, why so named. Gen. xxx. 13.

Aslierah, n"lBH> rendered grme, more probably signifies in
idol of some description; perhaps the same with toe Venus
of the pagan mythology, 2 Kings xxi., in fine.

Ashes upon the head, a sign of sorrow and great distress
among many nations, 1 Sam. iv. 12.

Ashima, an ancient object of idolatrous worship, 2 Kixg*
xvii., in fine.

Ashloreth, an idol of the Sidonians, 1 Kings xi. 5; 2 Kings
xxiii. 13.

Ashummed Jugg, of the Hindoos, particular description of
the, with an explanation of the mystic ceremonies, as given
by the commentators upon their original scriptures, Lev.
xvi. 10. A very close copy of the Jewish scape-goat, tbtd.

Aiiatic laic, description of the, Psa. Ixxviii. 57. Figure of
its form in its quiescent state, and when ready to discharge
the arrow or missile, ibid; Zech. ix. 14.

Asiatic idols, description of several in the author's possession,
Ezck. i. 10.

Asiatic proverbs, collection of, Prov. xxxi., w fote.

Asmoneans, observations on the motto said to have been upon
their ensigns, Exod. xv. 11.

Asnapper, very uncertain who, Ezra iv. 10.

Axp, a very small serpent peculiar to Egypt and Libya, Psa.
xci. 13. No remedy for the bite of an up, iAjrf. Singular

Indeto to the Old Testament.

effect of the venom upon the animal system, ibid. Why
Cleopatra, the celebrated queen of Egypt, chose to die by
the bite of this animal, ibid.

Asphaltites, Lake of, exceedingly salt, Josh. Xt. 62.

Ass's head, in the Holy of Holies, probable origin of the story
of the heathens, that the Jews had a figure of this descrip-
tion to which they paid religious worship, 3 Kings zvii., in

Assembly of Divines, account of their notes upon the Scrip-
tures, General Preface, p. 7.

Assyrians, their origin, Gen. xxv. 18. The same people with
the Babylonians, according to Herodotus and Strabo, Isa.
xlv. 25.

Astrology, Judicial, demonstrated to be vain, unfounded,
absurd, and wicked, 1 Sam. vi., in fine.

Asuppim, the house of, why so named, 1 Chron. xxvi. 15.

Asula of the Greeks and Romans, for what purpose erected,
Num. xxxv. 11.

Atlas, fable of, whence it originated, Job xxvk 11.

Atmosphere, enumeration of some of-the great benefits derived
from the, Job xxviti., in fate. Calculation of its pressure
upon the whole terraqueous globe, 1 Sam. ii., in fine; Job
xxxvui., in fine. Observations on its refractive nature, 2
Kings xx., in fine. In what sense the atmosphere may be
termed the belt or girdle of the earth, ibid.

Atonement or expiation for sin, tradition concerning, strongly
and universally retained among the heathens, 2 Kings xvii.,
in fine.

Attic moneys, tables of the, Exod. xxxvi. 24.

Avifuxline, some account of this celebrated commentator,
General Preface, p. 4.

Aur, «fljj, generally translated light, has various imports in
different parts of the Old Testament, Gen. i. 3.

Aurum Regina: or Queen Gold, what, Esth. ii. 18.

Authorized version, detailed account of the, General Preface,
p. 14, &c.

Autumnal rams, in the East, Dr. Shaw's account of the, with
their accompaniments. Pea. cxxjtv. 7.

Avarice, very nervous saying of an English poet concerning,
Jcr. xvii. 11.

Aren or On, the famous Heliopolis, Ezek. xxx. 17.

Aven, Plain of, the same with Baal-Bck, according to Calrnet,
Amos i. 5.

Acilet, very uncertain-who these people were, 2 Kings xvii.,
in fine. Conjecture of Grotius respecting them, ibid.

Ayal, Jn^, Dr. Shaw's opinion relative to the meaning of this
Hebrew word, Deut. xii. 15.

Azariah, import of this name, Dan. i. 7.

Azubah, wife of Caleb, why so named, according to the Tar-
gum, 1 Chron. ii. 18.


Baal, what this term imports, Judg. ii. II.

Baal-bek, the ancient Aven or Heliopolis, Amos i. 5.

Baal-hatturim, (Rabin Jacoli) account of this commentator,
General Preface, p. 2.

Baal-pear, probably the Priapus of the Moabitcs, and wor-
shipped with the same obscene and abominable rites, Num
xxiii. 28; Deut. iii. 29.

Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, why so named, Exod. iii. 24:
2 Kings i. 2.

BaiU-zephon, probably an idol temple, Exod. xiv. 2.

Babel, derivation and import of this name, Gen. xi. 9.

Babel, lotccr of, heathen testimonies concerning, Gen. xi. 4
Various conjectures relative to the purpose for which this
tower was built, Gen. xi. 9.

Baliet or Baby, conjecture respecting the origin of this word
Zech. ii 8.

Babylon, its great naval power before the time of Cyrus, Isa
xliii. 14. Semiramis, the foundress of this part of the Ba-
bylonian greatness, ibid. Manner of the taking of Babylo:
by Cyrus, Isa. xxi. 1, xliv. 27, xlv. 2; Jer. 1. 24. Polic,
of the Persian monarchs in destroying the naval importance
of Babylon, Isa. xliii. 14. Some particulars of the great
ness of Babylon, Isa. xiii. 19, xlv. 2. Notation of the
several steps by which the remarkable prophecies agains
this great city were ultimately accomplished in its total ruin
ibid. The annihilation of its walls accounted for, ibid
Uelivcnmce from Babylon a frequent figure in the propheti

cal writings for the deliverance of the people of God from
the power of evil under the Gospel dispensation, Isa. xl.
Babylonian embassy to Hezckiah, observations on the, 2

lungs xxi., in fine.

Babylonians, singular custom among these people of selling
all their marriageable virgins by public auction, Gen. xxix.
20. In what the dress of this people consisted, according
to Herodotus, Dan. iii. 21.

Babylonish robes, some account of the, Josh. vii. 81.

Bacchus, some portions of the fable concerning, very similar

• to what is related of Moses, E.xod. iv. 17. This idol wor-
shipped under the form of a goat by the ancient Egyptians,
Exod. vui. 26.

Backbite and Backbiter, words of Anglo-Saxon origin, Psa.
xv. 3. Intended to convey the treble sense of knavishncss,
cowardice, and brutality, ibid.

Bacon's (Friar) method of restoring and strengthening the
natural heat, 1 Kings i., in fine.

Badad, "na, import of this word when employed by the
Jews as a memorial symbol, Masorctic notes at the end of

Badgers' skins, the Hebrew words so translated of very un-
certain import, Exod. xxv. 8.

Baeshah, nEKl various conjectures respecting the meaning
of this word, Job xxxi. 40.

Bmgad, ^3 5^2, import of this phrase when employed by the
Jews as a memorial symbol, Masorctic Notes at the end of

Baking in the East, manner of, with an account of the instru-
ments employed in the process, Lev. ii. 7.

Balaam, character of this prophet of the Most High God,
Num. xxiv., in fine. Observations on his famous prophecy
concerning a star to spring out of Jacob, Num. xxiv. 6.

Balance, trial by the, a species of ordeal among the Hindoos,
Num. V., in fine.

Banditti, hordes of, frequent in Arabia to the present day,
Job i. 15.

Banner, giving the, very ingenious illustration of, by Mr.
Harmer, Psa. Ix. 4, et in fine.

Barach, "pa> generally rendered to bless, very extensive im-
port of'the original word, Gen. ii. 3; 1 Kings xxi. 9.

Barbary, Dr. Shaw's account of the chocolate-coloured pot-
tage made by the inhabitants of, Gen. xsv. 29.

Bards, among the ancient Druids, who, Num. xxi. 27.

Barley harvest, time of its commencement in Palestine, Ruth
i. 22.

Barrady, Maundrcll's account of this river, 2 Kings v. 12.

Barrows or Tumuli, in England, what, 3 Sam. xviii. 17.

Bars of the pit, what probably meant by this phrase among
the ancients, Job xvii. 16.

Batanim, 013^3, its import uncertain, Gen. xliii. 11,.

Balh, some account of this Hebrew measure of capacity,
Exod. xvi. 16; Ezra vii. 22.

Battering-ram, description of the, Ezek. v. 2. This machine
unknown in the tune of Homer, ibid.

Battle, trial by, when and where supposed to have had its
origin, Num. v., in fine.

Baxter, (Richard) a commentator on the New Testament,
General Preface, p. 7.

Beards, held in high respect in the East, the possessor con-
sidering it his greatest ornament, often swearing by it, and
in matters of great importance pledging it, 2 Sam. x. 4;
Song v. 13; Isa. vii. 20. Never cut off but in mourning or
as a mark of slavery, ibid.; Jer. xii. 5. Considered by the
Turks a great affront to take a man by his beard, unless it
be to kiss it, Isa. vii. 20. Beards of the Macedonians
ordered by Alexander to be shaved off, and the singular
reason given by this king for the mandate, 2 Sam. ii. 16.

Bcdaui or Beduvi, a people of Arabia, Isa. xlii. 11.

Bede, account of this commentator, General Preface, p. 4.

Bcdolaeh, nbl3> translated bdellium, Bochart's opinion re-
specting the meaning of this word, Gen. ii. 12.

Bedouin, Volney's description of the, Job v. 5.

Beds of ivory, what, Amos vi. 4.

Beech tree, juice of the, used for drink in the northern parts
of Enrope^Job xxx. 4.

Bees, Homer's very nervous description of a great swum of,
Psa. cxviii. 12.

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