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B: C. cir. 787.

R. Alban. cir. annum 10.

cir, annum 10.

b

The final ruin of

AMOS.

Israel foretold. B: C. cir: 3287. I SAW the Lord standing upon

4 And though they go into A. M. cir. 3217. Ante U. C.34. the altar : and he said, Smite captivity before their enemies, Ante U. C. 34. Amulii Sylvii,

Amulii Sylvii, R. Alban.,

the. a lintel of the door, that 8 thence will I command the

the posts may shake:: and cut sword, and it shall slay them: • them in the head, all of them; and I and h I will set mine eyes upon them for will slay the last of them with the sword : evil, and not for good. d he that fleeth of them shall not flee away, 5 And the Lord God of hosts is he that and he that escapeth of them shall not be toucheth the land, and it shall i melt, * and all delivered.

that dwell therein shall mourn: and it shall 2 . Though they dig into hell, thence shall rise up wholly like a flood ; and shall be mine hand take them : f though they climb drowned, as by the flood of Egypt. up to heaven, thence will I bring them down: 6 It is he that buildeth his lm stories in the

3. And though they hide themselves in the heaven, and hath founded his otroop in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them earth.; he that P calleth for the waters of the out thence; and though they be hid from my sea, and poureth them out upon the face of sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I the earth : 1 The LORD is his name. command the serpent, and he shall bite them : 7 Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians

a Or, chapiter, or knop. -b Or, wound them. Psa. Ixviii 65; Ezek. v. 12.- ch Lev. xvii. 10; Jer. xliv. 11.-i Mic. i. 4. 21; Hab. i. 13. Chap. ii. 14. - Psa. cxxxix. 8, &c. "Chap. viii. 8. — Or, spheres. Heb. ascensions. - Psa. Job ux. 6;

Jer, li. 53; Obad. 4.-5 Lev. xxvi. 33; Deut. xxviii. civ. 3, 13. Or, bundle. <p Chap. v. 8. — Chap. iv. 13.

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NOTES ON CHAP. IX.

Here is still a reference to the earthquake. See the Verse 1. I saw the Lord slanding upon the allar} note, chap. viii. 8, where the same images are used. As this is a continuation of the preceding prophecy, Verse 6. Buildeth his stories in the heaven) There the allar here may be one of those either at Dan or is here an allusion to large houses, where there are Beer-sheba.

cellars, or places dug in the ground as repositories for Smite the lintel] Either the piece of timber that corn; middle apartments, or stories, for the families to binds the wall above the door, or the upper part of the live in; and the house-top for persons to take the air door frame, in which the cheeks, or side posts, are upon.

There may be here a reference to the various inserted, and which corresponds to the threshold, or systems which God has formed in illimitable space, lower part of the door frame.

Transcending each other as the planets do in our solar Ind cut them in the head] Let all the lintels of all system : and thus we find Solomon speaking when adthe doors of all those temples be thus cut, as a sign dressing the Most High: “The heavens and the heaven that the whole shall be thrown down and totally de- of heavens cannot contain thee, o'pyn 101 d'oun molished. Or this may refer to their heads-chief hashshamayim ushemey hashshamayim, 1. Kings viü. men, who were principals in these transgressions. 27. Six heavens are necessarily implied in these three Mark their temples, their priests, their prophets, and words. According to the points, the first and third their princes, for destruction.

are in the dual number, and the second is the contracted He ihal fleethshall not flee away] He shall be form of the plural. . But how many more spheres may caught before he can get out of the reach of danger. be intended who can tell ! There may be millions of

And he that escapeth (that makes good his flight) millions of stellar systems in unlimited space; and then shall not be delivered.] Captivity, famine, or sword, what are all these to the vast IMMENSITY of God! shall reach him even there.

Halh founded his troop in the earth} 1771x agudVerse 2. Though they dig into hell] Though they datho, from 718 agad, to bind or gather together, posshould get into the deepest caverns; though they sibly meaning the seas and other collections of waters climb up to heaven-get to the most inaccessible which he has gathered together and bound by his perheights ; I will drag them up from the one, and pull petual decree, that they cannot pass; yet when he them down from the other.

calleth for these very waters, as in the general deluge, Verse 3. Though they hide themselves] All these he “ poureth them out upon the face of the earth." are metaphorical expressions, to show the impossibility The Lord is his name.) This points out his infinite

But what is that essence ? and what is his Verse 4. I will set mine eyes upon them for evil] nature ? and what his immensity and eternity? What I will use that very providence against them which archangel can tell ? before worked for their good. Should they look up

Verse 7. Children of the Ethiopians] Or Cushiles. ward, they shall see nothing but the terrible lightning- Cush was the son of Ham, Gen. x. 6; and his delike eye of a sin-avenging God.

scendants inhabited a part of Arabia Petræa and Arabia Verse 5. The Lord God of hosts is he] So pow

Felix. All this stock was universally despised. See erful is he that a touch of his hand shall melt or dis- Bochart. solve the land, and cause all its inhabitants to mourn. The Philistines from Caphtor] The island of Crete,

of escape.

essence.

cir. annum 10.

Promises of the

CHAP. IX.

restoration of Israel. A. M. cir. 3217: unto me, children of Israel ? | corn is sifted in a sieve, yet B: AC. Cor. 3787. B. C. cir. 787. Ante U. C. 34. saith the LORD. Have not I shall not the least * grain fall Ante H. C. 34. Amulii Sylvii,

Amulii Sylvii, R. Alban., brought up Israel out of the land upon the earth.

R. Alban., of Egypt ? and the Philistines

cir. annum 10.

10. All the sinners of my peofrom Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir? ple shall die by the sword, y which

say,

The 8 Behold, u the eyes of the Lord God are evil shall not overtake nor prevent us. upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy 11 z In that day will I raise up the taberit frorn off the face of the earth ; saving that nacle of David" that is fallen, and a close up I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his saith the LORD.

ruins, and I will build it as in the days of 9 For, lo, I will command, and I will w sift old : the house of Israel among all nations, like as 12 • That they may possess the remnant of Jer. xlvii. 4-Deut. ii. 23; Jer. xlvii. 4. —Chap, i. 5. w Heb. cause to move.

Heb. 'stone.

-ỳ Chap. vi. 3. Ver. 4. -* Jer. xix. Il ; xxxi. 35, 36; Obad. 16, 17.

2 Acts xv. 16, 17.- Heb. hedge, or wall. - Obad. 19. the people of which were the Cherethim. See 1 Sam. of the Israelites that were left by the Assyrians became xxx. 14; Ezek. xxv. 16; Zeph. ii. 5.

united to the kingdom of Judah ; and of the others, The Syrians from Kir ?) Perhaps a city of the many afterwards joined them: but this comparatively Medes, Isa. xxii. 6. Aram, from whom Syria had its short prosperity and respite, previously to the Babyname, was the son of Shem, Gen. x. 22. Part of his lonish captivity, could not be that, as Calmet justly descendants settled in this city, and part in Aram observes, which is mentioned here. · This could not be Naharaim, " Syria of the two rivers,” vizi, Mesopo- called closing up the breaches, raising up the ruins, tamia, included between the Tigris and the Euphrates. and building it as in the days of old; nor has any

The meaning of the verse is this : Do not presume state of this kind taken place since; and, consequently, on my having brought you out of the land of Egypt the prophecy remains to be fulfilled. It must therefore and house of bondage, into a land flowing with milk refer to their restoration under the Gospel, when they and honey. I have brought other nations, and some shall receive the Lord Jesus as their Messiah, and be of your neighbours, who are your enemies, from com- by him restored to their own land. See these words paratively barren countries, into fruitful territories ; quoted by James, Acts xv. 17. Then indeed it is such, for instance, as the Philistines from Caphtor, and likely that they shall possess the remnant of Edom, the Syrians from Kir.

and have the whole length and breadth of Immanuel's Verse 8. The eyes of the Lord God are upon the land, ver. 12. Nor can it be supposed that the vicsinful kingdom] The kingdom of Israel, peculiarly tories gained by the Asmoneans could be that intended sinful; and therefore to be signally destroyed by the by the prophet; and which he describes in such lofty Assyrians.

terms. These victories procured only a short respite, I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob). The and a very imperfect re-establishment of the tabernacle race shall not become extinct: I will reserve them as of David ; and could not warrant the terms of the monuments of my justice, and finally of my mercy.

prediction in these verses. Verse 9. I will sift the house of Israel among all

Verse 12. That they may possess the remnant of nations] I will disperse them over the face of the Edom] Bp. Newcome translates this clause as folearth ; and yet I will so order it that the good shall | lows: "That the residue of men may seek Jehovah, not be lost; for, though they shall be mixed among and all the heathen who are called by my name. Here, distant nations, yet there shall be a general restoration instead of pigs Edom, he reads 078 Adam, men or of them to their own land.

mankind, which is the reading of the abic, and some The least grain] 773 tseror, little stone, pebble, MSS. of the Syriac, and of Acts xv. 17. or gravel. Not one of them, howsoever little or con

The. Pachomian MS. of the Septuagint adds here, temptible, when the time comes, shall be left behind. ÓTWS EKSNTNOWOl je, that they may seek me. And the All shall be collected in Christ, and brought into their Arabic has 4S the Lord; and instead of 19 own land.

yireshu, “they shall possess,” the learned bishop seems Verse 10. All the sinners of my people) Those to have read 1977' yidreshu, “ they may seek;" and who are the boldest and most incredulous; especially thus the text resembles the quotation by St. James, they who despise my warnings, and say the evil day Acts xv. 17, “ That the residue of men might seek shall not overtake nor prevent us; they shall die by the after the Lord.” It is strange that not one of the sword. It is no evidence of a man's safety that he is MSS. collated by Kennicott and De Rossi, nor any of presumptuously fearless. There is a blessing to him my own, favours or countenances any of these alterawho trembles at God's word.

tions. I am of opinion, therefore, that we must dismiss Verse 11. Will I raise up the tabernacle of David] all these conjectural emendations, and take the Hebrew It is well known that the kingdom of Israel, the most text as we find it. That it speaks of the conversion profane and idolatrous, fell first, and that the kingdom of the Jews.in Gospel times, we have the authority of of Judah continued long after, and enjoyed considerable the New Testament as above to prove; and if we prosperity under Hezekiah and Josiah. The remnant I cannot make the words, as they stand there, entirely

h

Blessings of the

AMOS.

Gospel dispensation A. A M. cir: 3217. c Edom, and of all the heathen, my people of Israel, and they ARM cir: 3317 Ante U. C. 34. d which are called by my name, shall build the waste cities, and Ante !!. C. 31. Amulii Sylvii,

Amulii Sylvi, R. Alban.,

saith the LORD that doeth this. inhabit - them; and they shall R. Alban., cir. annum 10.

13 Behold -e the days come, plant vineyards, and drink the cir. annum 10. saith the Lord, that the ploughman shall over- wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, take the reaper, and the treader of grapes him and eat the fruit of them. that f soweth seed ; & and the mountains shall 15 And I will plant them upon their land, drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall and 'they shall no more be pulled up out of melt.

their land which I have given them, saith the 14 i And I will bring again the captivity of LORD thy God.

c Num. xxiv. 18. d Heb. upon whom my name is called. i Jer. xxx. 3. k Isa. Ixi. 4; Ixv. 21; Ezek. Xxxvi. 33–36. • Lex xxvi. 5.- - Heb. draweth forth. - Joel üi. 18. ' Isaiah lx. 21;, Jeremiah xxxii. 41; Ezekiel xxxiv. 28; d'Or, new wine.

Joel iii. 20. to agree with the words here, the subject is not affected Verse 14. They shall plant vineyards, and drink by it. The Jews shall be converted and restored, and the wine] When threatened with great evils, chap. this text in both covenants is a proof of it. .

v. 11, it is said, “ They shall plant pleasant vineyards, Verse 13. The ploughman shall overtake the reaper) but shall not drink the wine of them.” PreviousAll the seasons shall succeed in due and natural order: iy to their restoration, they shall labour for olhers; but the crops shall be so copious in the fields and in after their restoration, they shall labour for them. the vineyards, that a long time shall be employed in selres. gathering and disposing of them ; so that the seasons Verse 15. I will plant them upon their land] of ploughing, sowing, gathering the grapes, treading the They shall receive a permanent establishment wine-press, &c., shall press on the heels of each other; there. 80 vast will be the abundance, and so long the time And they shall no more be pulled up] Most certainly necessary to gather and cure the grain and fruits. this prophecy has never yet been fulfilled. They were We are informed by travellers in the Holy Land, Bar- pulled out by the Assyrian captựvity, and by that of bary, &c., that the vintage at Aleppo lasts from the Babylon. Many were planted in again, and again fifteenth of September to the middle of November ; pulled out by the Roman. conquest and captivity, and and that the sowing season begins at the close of Oc- were never since planted in, but are now scattered tober, and lasts through all November. Here, then, among all the nations of the earth. I conclude, as the the ploughman, sower, grape-gatherer, and operator at word of God cannot fail, and this has not yet been the wine-press, not only succeed each other, but have fulfilled, it therefore follows that it will and must be parts of these operations going on at the same time. fulfilled to the fulness of its spirit and intention. And But great fertility in the land, abundance in the crops, this is established by the conclusion : “Saith the Lord and regularity of the seasons, seem to be the things thy God.” He is JEHOVAH, and cannot fail; he is which the prophet especially predicts. These are all thy God, and will do it. He can do it, because he is poetical and prophetical images, by which happy times Jehovah; and he will do it, because he is thy God. are pointed out,

Amen. 694

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Chronological Notes relative to this book, upon the supposition that it was written about five

hundred and eighty-seven years before the commencement of the Christian era.

Year from the Creation, according to Archbishop Usher, 3417.-Year of the Jewish era of the world, 3174.

-Year since the Flood, 1761.-Year from the vocation of Abram, 1335.-Year from the foundation of Solomon's temple, 425. Year since the division of Solomon's monarchy into the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, 389.—Year of the era of Iphitus, 298.–Second year of the forty-eighth Olympiad.—Year from the building of Rome, according to the Varronian or generally received computation, 167.-Year from the building of Rome, according to the Fasti Consulares, 166.—

Year from the building of Rome, according to Polybius the historian, 165.—Year from the building of Rome, according to Fabius Pictor, 161.-Year since the overthrow of the kingdom of Israel by' Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, 135.-Year since the destruction of the kingdom of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, 2. — Year of the Julian Period, 4127.-Year of the era of Nabonassar, 1611-Year before the birth of Christ, 583.--Year before the vulgar era of Christ's nativity, 587. -Cycle of the Sun, 11.-Cycle of the Moon, 4.=Thirtieth year of Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of the Romans.—Thirty-ninth year of Cyaraxes or Cyaxares, the fourth' king of Media.—Nineteenth year of Agasiclés, king of Lacedæmon, of the family of the Proclide. Twenty-first year of Leon, king of Lacedæmon, of the family of the Eurysthenidæ.--Thirty-third year of Alyattes II., king of Lydia.-Sixteenth year of Æropas, the seventh king of Macedon.-Eighth year of A pries, king of Egypt; the same with the celebrated Pharaoh-hophrah.-Ninth year of Baal, king of the Tyrians.-Twentieth year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.

OBADIAH

an

God is here represented as summoning the nations against Edom, and declaring that his strongholds should

not save him, 1-4; that not a remnant, not a gleaning, should be left of him, 5; that the enemy would search out his people, and totally subdue them; and that none of their allies should stand by them, 6-9 He then enlarges on their particular offence, and threatens them with a speedy recompense, 10-16.

The Babylonians accordingly subdued the Edomites, and expelled them from Arabia Petræa, of which they never afterwards recovered possession. The remaining verses contain a prophecy of the restoration of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, and of their victory over all their enemies, 17-21. Some commentators think that these last verses were fulfilled by the conquests of the Maccabees over the Edomites.

See 1 Macc. v. 3–5, 65, &c. A. M. cir. 3117. vision of Obadiah. / and ambassador is

A. M. cir. 3417.

sent B. C. cir. 587.

B. C. cir. 587. OI. XLVIII. 2. Thus saith the Lord God among the heathen, Arise ye, Ol. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., concerning Edom; b We have and let us rise up against her in R. Roman.,

cir. annum 30. cir, annum 30. heard a rumour from the LORD, batile.

* Isa. xxi. 11 ; xxxiv.5; Ezek. xxv. 12, 13, 14; Joel ii. 19; Mal, i. 3. • Jer. xlix. 14, &c. Who was this prophet? where born ? of what coun- of recording. There is a multitude of opinions contry? at what time did he prophesy ? who were his cerning these points; and their multitude and discreparents ? when and where did he die? 'áre questions pancy are the strongest proofs of their uncertainty. which have been asked from the remotest antiquity; All that seems probable is, that, as he prophesied and which, to this day, have received no answer worthy concerning the destruction of Edom, he flourished a

695

A. M. cir. 3417.
B. C. cir. 587.
OL. XLVIII. 2.

R. Roman., cir. annum 30.

cir. annum. 30.

The prophecy

OBADIAH.

against Edom. 2 Behold, I have made thee have stolen till they had enough ? A. M. cir. 3417.

small among the heathen : thou if the grape-gatherers came 10 01.-XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii.Prisci

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., art greatly despised,

thee, would they not leave 3 The pride of thine heart hathi some grapes ? deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts 6 How are the things of Esau searched out! c of the rock, whose habitation is high ; d that how are his hidden things sought up! saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down 7 All the men of thy confederacy have to the ground ?

brought thee even to the border: the 'men 4. Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, that were at peace with thee have deceived and though thou f set thy nest among the stars, thee, and prevailed against thee; n they thence will bring thee down, saith the Lord. that eat thy bread have laid a wound under

5 If & thieves came to thee, if robbers by thee : .n there is none understanding in night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not him.

• 2 Kings xiv. 7.- d Isa. xiv. 13, 14, 15; Rev. xviii. 7. b Deut. xxiv. 21; Isa. xvii. 6; xxiv. 13. Or, gleanings. e Job. xx. 6; Jer. xlix. 16; li. 53; Amos ix. 2.- Isa. xiv. 13; 1 * Heb. the men of thy peace.- Jer. xxxvii. 22. m Heb. ibe Nah. iii. 16; Hab. ii. 9.- - Jer. xlix, 9.

men of thy bread. na Isa. xix. 11, 12. Or, of il.

little before, or a little after, the taking of Jerusalem ranean dwellings similar to orens. Here they are said by Nebuchadnezzar, which happened about five hundred to dwell in the clefts of the rock, in reference to the and eighty-eight years before Christ; and the destruc- caverns above mentioned. In these they conceived tion of Idumea by the same monarch, which took place themselves to be safe, and thought that no power a short time after ; probably between 588 B. C. and brought against them could dislodge them froin those 575 B. C,, in the interval of the thirteen years which fastnesses... Some think that by who sela, rock, Petra, Nebuchadnezzar employed in the siege of Tyre, which the capital of Idumea, is intended, he undertook immediately after the capture of Jerusalem. Verse 4. Though thou exall thyself as the eagle]

Obadiah foretells the subduction of the Idumeans by Though like this bird thou get into the highest cliff of the Chaldeans, and finally by the Jews, whom they had the highest rock, it will not avail thee. To defend used most cruelly when brought low by other enemies. thee, when Jehovah has determined thy destruction, These prophecies have been literally fulfilled; for the thy deepest caves and highest rocks will be equally Idumeans, as a nation, are totally extinct.

useless. See Jer, xlix. 16. Whoever will be at the trouble to collate this short

Verse 5. If thieves came to thee). That is, if thieves prophecy with the forty-ninth chapter of Jeremiah, entered thy dwellings, they would not have taken every will find a remarkable similarity, not only in the seria thing; they would have laid hold on thy wealth ; and timents and words, but also in whole verses.

In the carried off as much as they could escape with conveabove chapter Jeremiah predicts the destruction of the niently; if grape-gatherers entered thy vineyards

, they Idumeans. Whether he copied Obadiah, or Obadiah would not have taken every bunch; some gleanings

But the Chaldeans have stripcopied him, cannot be determined; but it would be would have been left. very strange if two prophets, unacquainted with each ped thee bare ; they have searched out all thy hidden other, should speak of the same event precisely in the things, ver. 6, they have left thee nothing. How art same terms. See the parallel texts in the margin, and thou cut off!. Thou art totally and irretrievably the notes on Jer. xlix. 1, &c.

ruined !. The prophet speaks of this desolation as if

it had already taken place. NOTES ON THE BOOK OF OBADIAH: Verse- 7. All the men of thy confederacy) The

Chaldeans are here intended, to whom the Idumeans Verse 1. We have heard a rumour] See Jer. xlix. were attached, and whose agents they became in ex14, where the same expressions are found. The pro-ercising cruelties upon the Jews. phet shows that the enemies of Idumea had confede

Have brought thee even to the border] Hare hemrated against it, and that Jehovah is now summoning med thee in on every side, and reduced thee to distress. them to march directly against it.

Or, they have driven thee to thy border; cast thee out Verse 2. I have made thee small among the heathen) of thy own land into the hands of thine enemies. God ever attributes to himself the rise and fall of The men that were at peace with thee) The men of nalions. If they be great and prosperous, it is by thy covenant, with whom thou hadst made a league. God's providence ; if they be low and depressed, it is That eat thy bread) That professed to be thy firmby his justice. Compared with the Assyrians, Chal- | est friends, have all joined together to destroy thee. deans, Egyptians, Syrians, Arabs, and other neigh- Have laid a wound) Placed a snare or trap under bouring nations, thé Idumeans were a small people. thee. See Newcome.

Verse 3. The pride of thine heart] St. Jerome There is none understanding in him.) Private observes that all the southern part of Palestine, from counsels and public plans are all in operation against Eleutheropolis to Petra and Aialath, was full of caverns thee ; and yet thou art so foolish and infatuated as not hewn out of the rocks, and that the people had subter-Ito discern thy own danger,

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