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A. M. 3470.
B. C. 534.

B. C. 534.

Of the kings of

DANIEL.

Egypt and Syria. A. M. 3470.

and one shall certainly come, 14 And in those times there *Olymp. LXI. 3. n and overflow, and pass through : shall many stand up against the Olymp. LXI. 3. Anno Tarquinii

Anno Tarquinii Superbi,

o then shall he return, and be king of the south : also "the rob- Superbi, R. Roman., l. stirred up, P even to his fortress. bers of thy people shall exaltthem- R. Roman, 1.

11 And the king of the south shall be moved selves to establish the vision ; but they shall fall. with choler, and shall come forth and fight 15 So the king of the north shall come, and with him, even with the king of the north : cast up' a mount, and take the most fenced and he shall set forth a great multitude ; but cities : and the arms of the south shall not the multitude shall be given into his hand. withstand, neither t his chosen people, neither

12 And when he hath taken away the multi- shall there be any strength to withstand. tude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall 16 But he that cometh against him shall cast down many ten thousands : but he shall do according to his own will, and 'none shall not be strengthened by it.

stand before him: and he shall stand in the 13 For the king of the north shall return, glorious * land, which by his hand shall be and shall set forth a multitude greater than the consumed. former, and shall certainly come 9 after certain 17 He shall also y set his face to enter with years with a great army and with much riches. the strength of his whole kingdom, and - up

Isa. viii. 8; chap. ix. 26. Lo Or, then shall he be stirred up Heb. the people of his choices. - Chap. viii. 4, 7; ver. 3, 36. again. -p Ver. 7. - Heb. at the end of times, even years ; chap.

-w Or, goodly land; chap. viii. 9; ver. 41, 45. iv. 16; xii. 7.—Heb. the children of robbers. Heb. The city * Heb. the land of ornament.

— Or, much of munitions.

uprightness, or equal conditions.

Josh. i. 5.

-92 Chron. xx. 3.

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as he came even to his fortress, to the frontiers of Shall exalt themselves to establish the vision] That Egypt.

is, to build a temple like that of Jerusalem, in Egypl, Verse 11. The king of the south] Ptolemy Philo- hoping thereby to fulfil a prediction of Isaiah, chap. pater, who succeeded his father Euergetes.

xxx. 18-25, which seemed to intimate that the Jews Shall come forth and fight with him] He did come and the Egyptians should be one people. They now forth to Raphia, where he was met by Antiochus, revolted from Ptolemy, and joined Antiochus; and when a terrible battle was fought between these two this was the means of contributing greatly to the kings.

accomplishment of prophecies that foretold the calaAnd he (Antiochus, the king of the north) shall set mities that should fall upon the Jews. forth a great multitude) Amounting to sixty-two But they shall fall.] For Scopas came with a great thousand foot, six thousand horse, and one hundred army from Ptolemy; and, while Antiochus was and two elephants ; but yet the multitude was given gaged in other parts, reduced Cælesyria and Palestine, into his hand, the hand of the king of the south; for subdued the Jews, placed guards on the coasts of JeruPtolemy gained a complete victory. Raphia, and salem, and returned with great spoils to Egypt. other neighbouring towns, declared for the victor; Verse 15. So the king of the north] Antiochus and Antiochus was obliged to retreat with his scat- came to recover Judea. Scopas was sent by Ptolemy tered army to Antioch, from which he sent to solicit to oppose him; but he was defeated near the fountains a peace.

See 3 Macc. i. 1-6, and Polybius, lib. v. of Jordan, and was obliged to take refuge in Sidon Verse 12. His heart shall be lifted up] Had Ptolemy with ten thousand men. Antiochus pursued and beimproved his victory, he might have dispossessed And sieged him; and he was obliged by famine to surtiochus of his whole empire ; but giving way to pride, render at discretion, and their lives only were spared. and a criminally sensual life, he made peace on dis- Antiochus afterwards besieged several of the fenced honourable terms ;- and though he had gained a great cities, and took them ; in short, carried all before him; victory, yet his kingdom' was not strengthened by it, so that the king of the south, Ptolemy, and his chosen for his subjects were displeased, and rebelled against people, his ablest generals, were not able to oppose him. him, or at least became considerably disaffected. Verse 16. He shall stand in the glorious land]

Verse 13. The king of the north shall return-after | Judea. For he reduced Palestine ; and the Jews certain years] In about fourteen years Antiochus supplied him with provisions, and assisted him to did return, Philopater being dead, and his son Pto-reduce the garrison that Scopas had left in the citadel lemy Epiphanes being then a minor. He brought a of Jerusalem. much larger army and more riches; these he had Which by his hand shall be consumed] Or, which collected in a late eastern expedition,

shall be perfected in his hand. For Antiochus showed Verse 14. Many stand up against the king of the the Jews great favour : he brought back those that south] Antiochus, and Philip king of Macedon, were dispersed, and re-established them in the land; united together to overrun Egypt.

freed the priests and Levites from all tribute, &e. Also the robbers of thy people] The Jews, who re- Verse 17. He shall also set his face to enter] Antiovolted from their religion, and joined Ptolemy, under chus purposed to have marched his army into Egypt ; Scopas,

but he thought it best to proceed by fraudulerce; and

4

A. M. 3470.

A. M. 3470.
B. C. 534.

Of the kings of

CHAP. XI.

Egypt and Syria. right ones with him; thus shall fort of his own land: but he B. C. 534. Olymp. LXI. 3. he do: and he shall give him shall stumble and fall, e and not Olymp. LXI. 3. Anno Tarquinii

Anno "Tarquinii Superbi, the daughter of women, cor- be found.

Superbi, R. Roman., 1. rupting her: but she shall not 20 Then shall stand up in his

R. Roman., 1. stand on his side, neither be for him.,. estate & a raiser of taxes in the glory of the

18 After this shall he turn his face unto the kingdom : but within few days he shall be isles, and shall take many: but a prince for destroyed, neither in hanger, nor in battle. his own behalf shall cause the reproach of- 21 And i in his estate k shall stand up a vile fered by him to cease; without his own re- person, to whom they shall not give the honour proach he shall cause it to turn upon him. of the kingdom : but he shall come in peace

19 Then he shall turn his face toward the ably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.

a Heb. 10 corrupt.

Chap. ix. 26. - Heb. for him. 8 Heb. one that causeth an eractor to pass over.--h Heb. . Heb. his reproach.- Job xx: 8; Psa. xxxvii. 36; Ezek xxvi. angers. i Or, in his place --- Chap. vii; 8;, viii. 9, 21. - Or, in his place; ver. 7.

23, 25.

therefore proposed a treaty of marriage between him Bul he shall stumble and fall] Being under the and his daughter Cleopatra, called here the daughter greatest difficulties how to raise the stipulated sums, of women, because of her great beauty and accom- he marched into his eastern provinces to exact the plishments. And this he appeared to do, having arrears of taxes; and, attempting to plunder the “ upright ones with him.” Or, as the Septuagint temple of Jupiter Belus at Elymais, he was opposed have it, xa1 sudela ravta usa' AUTOU Tonder, " and he by the populace, and he and his attendants slain. will make all things straight with him;" that is, he This is the account that Diodorus Siculus, Strabo, acted as if he were influenced by nothing but the and Justin give of his death. But it is variously most upright views. But he intended his daughter to related by others; some saying that he was assassinated be a snare to Ptolemy, and therefore purposed to cor- by some of his own people whom he had punished rupt her that she might betray her husband.

for being drunk at a feast. --So Aurelius Victor. St. But she shall not stand on his side] On the con- Jerome says he lost his life in a battle against the intrary, her husband's interests became more dear to habitants of Elymais. In short, the manner of his her than her father's; and by her means Ptolemy death is uncertain ; and perhaps even this circumwas put upon his guard against the intentions of stance is referred to by the prophet, when he says, Antiochus.

“ He shall stumble and fall, and NOT BE FOUND.' Verse 18. Shall he turn his face unto the isles] Verse 20. Then shall stand up in his estale a raiser Antiochus had fitted out a great fleet of one hundred of taxes] Seleucus Philopater succeeded his father large ships and two hundred smaller, and with this Antiochus. He sent his treasurer Heliodorus to seize fleet subdued most of the maritime places on the the money deposited in the temple of Jerusalem, coast of the Mediterranean, and took many of the which is here called the glory of the kingdom, see isles, Rhodes, Samos, Eubæa, Colophon, and others. 2 Macc. ix, 23. He was so cramped to pay the

But a prince for his own behalf] Or, a captain. annual tax to the Romans, that he was obliged to The consul Acilius Glabrio caused the reproach to burden his subjects with continual taxes. cease; beat and routed his army at the straits of He shall be destroyed, neither in anger-fighting Thermopylæ, and expelled him from Greece. So he against an enemy, nor in battleat the head of his obliged him to pay the tribute which he hoped to troops ; bụt basely and treacherously, by the hand impose on others; for he would grant him peace of Heliodorus his treasurer, who hoped to reign in only on condition of paying the expense of the war, his stead. fifteen thousand talents ; five hundred on the spot,- Verse 21. In his estate shall stand up a vile person] two thousand five hundred when the peace should be This was Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes—the Illusratified by the senate,—and the remaining twelve trious. They did not give him the honour of the kingthousand in twelve years, each year one thousand. dom: he was at Athens, on his way from Ronie, See. Polybius in his Legations, and Appian in the when his father died; and Heliodorus had declared Wars of Syria. And thus,

himself king, as had several others. But Antiochus Without his own reproach] Without losing a battle, came in peaceably, for he obtained the kingdom by or taking a false step, Acilius caused the reproach flaiteries. He flatlered. Eumenes, king of Pergamus, which he was bringing upon the Romans to turn upon and Attalus his brother, and got their assistance. He himself.

flattered the Romans, and sent ambassadors to court Verse 19. He shall turn his face toward the fort of their favour, and pay them the arrears of the tribute. his own land] After this shameful defeat, Antiochus He flattered the Syrians, and gained their concurfled to Sardis, thence to Apamea, and the next day rence; and as he flattered the Syrians, so they flatgot into Syria, and to Antioch, his own fort, whence tered him, giving him the epithet of Epiphanes—the he sent ambassadors to treat for peace; and was Illustrious. But that he was what the prophet here obliged to engage to pay the immense sum of money calls him, a vile person, is fully evident from what mentioned above.

Polybius says of him, from Athenæus, lib. y.: " He

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22.

Of the kings of

DANIEL

Egypt and Syria. A. M. 3470. 22 ? And with the arms of a shall a forecast his devices against

A. M. 3470. B. C. 534.

B. C. 534. Ol. LXI. 3. flood shall they be overflown from the strong holds, even for a time. Olymp. LXI. 3. Anno Tarquinii

Anno Tarquinii Superbi,

before him, and shall be broken; 25 And he shall stir up his Saperbi, R. Roman., 1.

n yea, also the prince of the power and his courage against R. Roman., 1. covenant.

the king of the south with a great army; and 23 And after the league made with him "he the king of the south shall be stirred up to shall work deceitfully : for he shall come up, battle with a very great and mighty army; but and shall become strong with a small people. he shall not stand : for they shall forecast

24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the devices against him. fattest places of the province; and he shall do 26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his that which his fathers have not done, nor his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall fathers' fathers; P he shall scatter among them overflow: and many shall fall down slain. the prey, and spoil, and riches : yea, and he 27 And both these kings' hearts shall be to I Ver. 10,- -m Chap. viii. 10, 11, 25. Chap. viii. 25.- Or, Pl Mac. iii. 28, &c. -1 Heb. think his thoughts.- -Ver. 10, into the peaceable and fat, &c.

Heb. their hearts. was every man's companion : he resorted to the He shall forecast his devices) As Eulæus and Lenæus, common shops, and prattled with the workmen : he who were the guardians of the young Egyptian king frequented the common taverns, and ate and drank Ptolemy Philometer, demanded from Antiochus the with the meanest fellows, singing debauched songs,” restitution of Cælesyria and Palestine, which he re&c., &c. On this account a contemporary writer, fused, he foresaw that he might have a war with that and others after him, instead of Epiphanes, called kingdom; and therefore he forecast devices—fixed a him Epimanes—the Madman.

variety of plans to prevent this; visited the strong Verse 22. And with the arms of a flood) The arms holds and frontier places to see that they were in a which were overflown before him were his competitors state of defence. And this he did for a time-he for the crown. They were vanquished by the forces employed some years in hostile preparations against of Eumenes and Attalus ; and were dissipated by Egypt. the arrival of Antiochus from Athens, whose presence Verse 25. He shall stir up his power] Antiochus disconcerted all their measures.

marched against Ptolemy, the king of the south, (Egypt) The prince of the covenant] This was Onias, the with a great army; and the Egyptian generals had high priest, whom he removed, and put Jason in his raised a mighty force. place, who had given him a great sum of money ; Stirred up to battle] The two armies met between and then put wicked Menelaus in his room, who had Pelusium and Mount Casius; but he (the king of the offered him a larger sum. Thus he acted deceitfully south) could not stand—the Egyptian army was dein the league made with Jason.

feated. The next campaign he had greater success; Verse 23. He shall come up] From Rome, where he routed the Egyptian army, took Memphis, and he had been a hostage for the payment of the tax made himself master of all Egypt, except Alexandria, laid on his father.

see 1 Macc. i. 16–19. And all these advantages he Shall become strong with a small people.) At first gained by forecasting devices ; probably by corrupting he had but few to espouse his cause when he arrived his ministers and captains. · Ptolemy. Macron gave at Antioch, the people having been greatly divided up Cyprus to Antiochus ; and the Alexandrians were by the many claimants of the crown; but being sup- led to renounce their allegiance to Ptolemy Philoported by Eumenes and Attalus, his few people in- meter, and took Euergetes, or Physcon Iris younger creased, and he became strong.

brother, and made him king in his stead. All this Verse 24. He shall enter peaceably even upon the was doubtless by the corruptions of Antiochus. See fattest places) The very richest provinces-Colesyria below. and Palestine.

Verse 26. Yea, they that feed of the portion of his He shall do that which his fathers have not done, meat) This is the proof of what has been last noted, nòr his fathers' fathers] He became profuse in his that the intrigues of Antiochus, corrupting the minisliberalities, and scattered among them the prey of his ters and officers of Ptolemy, were the cause of all the enemies, the spoil of temples, and the riches of his disasters that fell on the Egyptian king. They that friends, as well as his own revenues. He spent much fed of the portion of his meat—who were in his conin public shows, and bestowed largesses among the fidence and pay, and possessed the secrets of the people. We are told in 1 Macc. iii. 30, that “in the state, betrayed him; and these were the means of liberal giving of gifts he abounded above all the destroying him and his army, so that he was defeated, kings that went before him.” These are nearly the as was before observed. words of the prophet'; and perhaps without any Verse 27. And both these kings' hearts shall be to design to copy them on the part of the apocryphal do mischief ] That is, Antiochus, and Ptolemy Phiwriter. He would sometimes go into the streets, lometer, who was nephew to the former, and whose and throw about a handful of money, crying out, interest he now pretended to have much at heart, “Let him take it, to whom Fortune sends it." since the Alexandrians had renounced their allegiance

B. C. 534.

of the interposition :

CHAP. XI.

of the Romans A. M. 3470. do mischief, and they shall speak 29 At the time appointed he

A. M. 3470. B. C. 534. Olymp. LXI. 3: lies at one table; but it shall shall return, and come toward Olymp. LXI. 3. Anno Tarquinii

Anno Tarquinii Superbi, not prosper : for yet the end the south ; w but it shall not be as

Superbi, R. Roman., 1. shall be at the time appointed. the former, *or as the latter.

R. Roman., 1. 28 Then shall he return into his land u with 30 y For the ships of Chittim shall come great riches; and his heart shall be against against him : therefore he shall be grieved, the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return, and have indignation against the and return to his own land.

holy covenant : so shall he do ; he shall even + Ver. 29, 35, 40; chap. viii. 19.

-ul Mac. i. 19. - Ver. 22; - Ver. 25. —y Num. xxiv. 24 ; Jer. ii. 10. - Ver. 28; 1 Mac. i Mac. i. 20, &c.; 2 Mac. v. 11, 14, &c. Ver. 23.

i. 30, 44, &c.; 2 Mac. v. 24, &c.

come.

to him, and set his younger brother Euergetes upon ter:" he had not the same success as the former, when the throne. When Antiochus came to Memphis, he he overthrew the Egyptian army at Pelusium; nor as and Philometer had frequent conferences at the same the latter, when he took Memphis, and subdued all table; and at these times they spoke lies to each Egypt, except Alexandria. See the reason. other, Antiochus professing great friendship to his Verse 30. For the ships of Chittim shall come nephew and concern for his interests, yet in his against him] Chittim is well known to mean the Roheart designing to ruin the kingdom, by fomenting man empire. Antiochus, being now in full march to the discords which already subsisted between the besiege Alexandria, and within seven miles of that city, two brothers. On the other hand, Philometer pro- heard that ships were arrived there from Rome, with fessed much gratitude to his uncle for the interest he legates from the senate. He went to salute them. took in his affairs, and laid the blame of the war They delivered to him the letters of the senate, in upon his minister Eulæus; while at the same time he which he was commanded, on pain of the displeasure spoke lies, determining as soon as possible to accom- of the Roman people, to put an end to the war against modate matters with his brother, and join all their his nephews. Antiochus said he would go and constrength-against their deceitful uncle.

sult his friends; on which Popilius, one of the legates, But it shall not prosper] Neither succeeded in his took his staff, and instantly drew a circle round Antiobject; for the end of the appointed time was not yet ochus on the sand where he stood, and commanded

him not to pass that circle till he had given a definiVerse 28. Then shall he relurn into his land with tive answer. Antiochus, intimidated, said, he would great riches] Antiochus did return, laden with riches, do whatever the senate enjoined ; and in a few days from the spoils that he took in Egypt; see 1 Mace. i. after began his march, and returned to Syria. This 19, 20. And hearing that there had been a report is confirmed by Polybius, Livy, Velleius, Paterculus, of his death, at which the citizens of Jerusalem had Valerius Maximus, and Justin. made great rejoicings,

Therefore he shall be grieved] “Grieving and His heart shall be against the holy covenant] He groaning,” says Polybius; both mortified, humbled, and was determined to take a severe revenge, and he had disappointed. an ostensible pretext for it; for Jason, who had been Have indignation against the holy covenant] For deprived of the high priesthood, hearing the report of he vented his rage against the Jews ; and he sent his the death of Antiochus, raised forces, marched against general, Apollonius, with twenty-two thousand men Jerusalem, took it, and obliged Menelaus, the high against Jerusalem, plundered and set fire to the city, priest, to shut himself up in the castle. Antiochus pulled down the houses round about it, slew much of brought a great army against Jerusalem; took it by the people, and built a castle on an eminence that comstorm; slew forty thousand of the inhabitants ; sold manded the temple, and slew multitudes of the poor as many more for slaves ; boiled swine's flesh, and people who had come up to worship, polluted every sprinkled the temple and the altar with the broth; broke place, so that the temple service was totally abandoned, into the holy of holies; took away the golden vessels and all the people fled from the city. And when he and other sacred treasures, to the value of one thousand returned to Antioch he published a decree that all eight hundred talents ; restored Menelaus to his office; should conform to the Grecian worship; and the Jewand made one Philip, a Phrygian, governor of Judea, ish worship was totally abrogated, and the temple 1 Mace. i. 24 ; 2 Macc. v. 21. Prideaux and New- itself consecrated to Jupiter Olympius. How great ton. These are what we term exploits ; which having must the wickedness of the people have been when finished, he returned to his own land.

God could tolerate this! Verse 29. At the time appointed he shall return) In the transacting of these matters he had intelliFinding that his treachery was detected, and that the genee with them that forsake the holy covenant ; with two brothers had united their counsel and rength for wicked Menelaus the high priest ; and the apostate their mutual support, he threw off the mask ; and ha- Jews united with him, who gave from time to time ving collected a great army early in the spring, he such information to Antiochus as excited him against passed through Cælesyria; entered Egypt; and the Jerusalem, the temple, and the people. See 1 Macc. inhabitants of Memphis having submitted to him, he i. 41, 62; 2 Macc. vi. 1-9; confirmed by Josephus, came by easy marches to Alexandria. But, says the War, book i. chap. 1, s. 1. The concluding reflection prophet, “it shall not be as the former or as the lat- of Bp. Newton here is excellent :

A. M. 3470.
B. C. 534.

A. M. 3470.
B. C. 534.

Of the antichristian

DANIEL.

power in the Church. return, and have intelligence the people that do know their God Olymp. LXI. 3. with them that forsake the holy shall be strong, and do exploits. Olymp: LXI. 3: Anno Tarquinii

Anno Tarquinii Superbi, covenant. 33 h And they that understand

Superbi, R. Roman., 1.

31 And arms shall stand on his among the people shall instruct R. Roman., 1. part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of many : yet they shall fall by the sword, and by strength, and shall take away the daily sacri- flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days. fice, and they shall place the abomination 34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be that d maketh desolate.

holpen with a little help: 1 but many shall 32 . And such as do wickedly against the cleave to them with flatteries. covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: 6 but 35. And some of them of understanding shall

a] Mac. i. 43, 52; 2 Mac. v. 15, 23. Chap. viii. 11; xii. "Or, cause to dissemble. - 1 Mac. i. 62 ; ii. 41, 42, 43; 2 Mae. 11; 1 Mac. i. 37, 39, 41, 45, 46.- el Mac. i. 54, 59; iv. v. 27; vi. 19, 20; vii. I, &c. Mal. ii. 7. - Heb. xi. 35, 38. Or, astonisheth. 1 Mac. i. 43, 52; 2 Mac. iv. 13, &c.kl Mac. iii. 2; 2 Mac. viii. 1. 12 Mac. xii. 40; 14; v. 15.

xiii. 21.

" It may be proper to stand a little here, and reflect of the war, A. D. 136, were banished Judea on pain how particular and circumstantial this prophecy is, of death ; and thenceforth the land became desolate. concerning Egypt and Syria, from the death of Alex- See Observations on Daniel, and Bp. Newton on the ander to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes. There is Prophecies. not so concise, comprehensive, and regular an account Verse 32. Such as do wickedly against the covenant] of their kings and affairs to be found in any authors This is understood of the Christian Jews; for the of those times. The prophecy is really more perfect New had now succeeded to the OLD, the whole of the than any history, and is so wonderfully exact, not only Jewish ritual having been abolished, and Jerusalem to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, but likewise filled with heathen temples. And hethe Roman equally, so beyond that time, that we may conclude in power, did all he could by flatteries, as well as threats, the words of the inspired writer, · No one could thus to corrupt the Christians, and cause them to sacrifice declare the times and seasons, but he who hath them to the statues of the emperors. in his own power."."

But the people that do know their God] The genuine Verse 31. And arms shall stand on his part] After Christians. Antiochus, arms, that is, the Romans, shall stand up: Shall be strong] Shall be strengthened by his grace for arms in this prophecy every where denote military and Spirit. power; and standing up, the power in activity and And do exploits.] Continue steadfast in all tempconquering. Both Sir Isaac Newton and Bp. Newton tations, hold fast their faith, and enjoy a good conagree, that what follows is spoken of the Romans, science, Hitherto Daniel has described the actions of the kings Verse 33. And they that understand] The apostles of the north and of the south, that of the kings of Sy- and primitive Christians in general, who understood ria and Egypt ; but, upon the conquest of Macedon by from the prophets, and his own actions, that Jesus was the Romans, he has left off_describing the actions of the true Messiah. the Greeks, and begun to describe those of the Romans Instruct many] Preach the Gospel every where, in Greece, who conquered Macedon, Illyricum, and and convert multitudes to the faith. Epirus, in the year of the era of Nabonassar, 580. Yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by Thirty-five years after, by the will of Attalus, they captivity, and by spoil, many days.] They were exinherited all Asia westward of Mount Taurus ; sixty- posed to the malice and fury of their enemies, during five years after they conquered the kingdom of Syria, TEN STATE PERSECUTIONS, and suffered all kinds of torand reduced it into a province; and thirty-four years tures, with but little intermission, for three hundred after they did the same to Egypt. By all these steps years.—Newlon. the Roman arms stood up over the Greeks; and after Verse 34. Now when they shall fall). When the ninety-five years more, by making war upon the Jews, storm of the tenth persecution under Diocletian, which they polluted the sanctuary of strength, the temple, lasted ten years, fell upon them, they were sorely op(so called by reason of its fortifications,) and took pressed. away the daily sacrifice and placed the abomination They shall be holpen with a little help] By Conthat maketh desolate, or of the desolator ; for that this stantine ; who, while he removed all persecution, and abomination was thus placed after the time of Christ, promoted the temporal prosperity of the Christian appears from Matt. xxiv, 15.

Church, yet added little to its spiritual perfection In the sixteenth year of the Emperor Adrian, A. D. and strength. For many, now seeing the Christians 132, they placed this abomination by building a temple in prosperity, to Jupiter Capitolinus, where the temple of God in Cleave to them with flatteries.] Became Christians Jerusalem stood ; upon which the Jews, under Bar- BECAUSE the EMPEROR was such. chocab, rose up against the Romans. But in this war Verse 35. And some of them of understanding) Disthey had fifty cities demolished, nine hundred and putes on certain points of religion soon agitated the fifty of their best towns destroyed, and eighty thou- Christian Church ; and now, having no outward per. sand men were slain by the sword; and in the end secution, they began to persecute each other. And

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