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A. M, cir, 3466.

B. C. cir. 538. OI. cir. LX. 3. Servii Tullii, R. Roman., cir. annum 41.

Servii Tullii,
R. Roman.,

Daniel's prayer to God

DANIEL

for his people. IN the first year a of Darius | are near, and that are far off, 4. M. cir

. 3466. the son of Ahasuerus, of the through all the countries whither 01. cir. LX. 3. seed of the Medes, which was thou hast driven them, because

made king over the realm of the of their trespass that they have cir. annum 41. Chaldeans;

trespassed against thee. 2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel 8 O Lord, to us belongeth k confusion of face, understood by books the number of the years, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, whereof the word of the Lord'came to · Jere- because we have sinned against thee. miah the prophet, that he would accomplish 9 ?To the Lord our God belong mercies and seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against

3 . And I set my face unto the Lord God, to him; seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, 10 m Neither have we obeyed the voice of the and sackcloth, and ashes :

Lord our God, to walk in his laws, which he 4 And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and set before us by his servants the prophets. made my confession, and said, O Lord, the 11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant law, even by departing, that they might not and mercy to them that love him, and to them obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured that keep his commandments ;'

upon us, and the oath that is written in the 5 We have sinned, and have committed law of Moses the servant of God, because iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have we have sinned against him. rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts 12 And he hath P confirmed his words, which and from thy judgments :

he spake against us, and against our judges 6 & Neither have we hearkened unto thy ser- that judged us, by bringing upon us a great vants the prophets, which spake in thy name evil : 9 for under the whole heaven hath not to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem. to all the people of the land.

13 r As it is written in the law of Moses, all 7 O Lord, brighteousness i belongeth unto this evil is come upon us : syet 'made we not thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this our prayer before the Lord our God, that we day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabi- might turn from our iniquities, and understand tants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that thy truth.

a Chap. i. 21 ; v. 31 ; vi. 28.- -b Or, in which he, &c. * Ver. 7: Bar. i. 15.- Neh. ix. 17; Psa. cux. 4,7.- Ver. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 21 ; Jer. xxv. 11, 12; xxix. 10.-_ Neh. i. 4; 6.- Isa. i. 4, 5, 6; Jer. viii. 5, 10.- Lev. xxvi. 14, &c.; chap. vi. 10; Jer. xxix. 12, 13; James iv. 8, 9, 10.- Exod. Deut. xxvii. 15, &c. ; xxviii. 15, &c. ; xxix. 20, &c.; xxx. 17, xx. 6; Deut. vii. 9; Neh. i. 5; ix. 32. f 1 Kings viii. 47, 48; 18; xxxi. 17, &c.; xxxii. 19, &c. ; Lam. ii. 17. —P Zech. i. 6. Neh. i. 6, 7; ix. 33, 34 ; Psa. cvi. 6; Isa. Ixiv. 5, 6, 7; Jer. xiv. Lam. i. 12; ii. 13; Ezek, v. 9; Amos iu. 2. Lev. xvi. 14, 7; ver. 15; Bar. i. 17, 18.—62 Chron. xxxvi. 15, 16; ver. &c. ; Deut. xxviii. 15; Lam. ii. 17. — Isa. ix. 13; Jer. Ü. 30; 10. Neh. ix. 33; Bar. i. 15.-_i Or, thou hast, &c. v.3; Hos. vi. 7, 10.- - Heb. intreated we not the face of the, &c.

NOTES ON CHAP. IX.

body, and he put ashes upon his head. He uses that Verse 1. In the first year of Darius] This is the kind of prayer prescribed by Solomon in his prayer at same Darius the Mede, spoken of before, who suc- the dedication of the temple. See 1 Kings viii. 47, 48. ceeded Belshazzar, king of the Chaldeans. See chap. Verse 4. Keeping the covenant) Fidelity and truth v. 31.

are characteristics of God. He had never yet broken Verse 2. I Daniel understood by books] The pro- his engagements to his followers, and was ever showphecy referred to here is found Ser. xxv. 12 ; xxix. 10. ing mercy to men. The people must have been satisfied of the Divine in- Verse 7. All Israel, that are near, and that are far spiration of Jeremiah, or his prophecies would not off] He prays both for Judah and Israel. The latter have been so speedily collected nor so carefully pre were more dispersed, and had been much longer in served. It appears that there was a copy of them captivity. then in Daniel's hands.

Verse 9. Mercies and forgivenesses) From God's Verse 3. I set my faceto seek by prayer] He goodness flow God's mercies ; from his mercies, forfound that the time of the promised deliverance could givenesses. not be at anỳ great distance; and as he saw nothing Verse 11. Therefore the curse is poured upon us] that indicated a speedy termination of their oppressive It is probable that he alludes here to the punishment captivity, he was very much afflicted, and earnestly of certain criminals by pouring melted metal upon besought God to put a speedy end to it; and how them; therefore he uses the word inn titlach, it is earnestly he seeks, his own words show. He prayed, poured out, like melted metal, for this is the proper he supplicaled, he fasted, he put sackcloth upon his meaning of the root 7/13 nathach.

A. M. cir. 3466.
B. C. cir. 538.

B. C. cir. 538.

cir, annum 41.

The angel Gabriel

CHAP. IX.

is sent to comfort him. 14 Therefore hath the LORD hearken and do; defer not, P for A. M. cir. 3466. 01. cir. LX. 3. ųwatched upon the evil, and thine own sake, Q my God : for Ol. cir. LX. 3. Servii Tullii,

Servii Tullii, R. Roman., brought it upon us : for the thy city and thy people are called

R. Roman., cir, annum 41. LORD our God is righteous in by thy name. all his works which he doeth: w for we obeyed 20 9 And whiles I was speaking, and pray not his voice.

ing, and confessing my sin and the sin of my 15 And now, O Lord our God, * that hast people Israel, and presenting my supplication brought thy people forth out of the land of before the LORD my God for the holy mounEgypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten tain of my God; thee ? renown, as at this day.; "we have sinned, 21 Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, we have done wickedly.

even the mạn Gabriel, whom I had seen in 16 O Lord, baccording to all thý righteous- the vision at the beginning, being caused to ness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fly #swiftly, ' touched me u about the time of fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, the evening oblation.

thy holy mountain : because for our sins, 22 And he informed me, and talked with me, d and for the iniquities of our fathers, • Jeru- and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth 'to salem and thy people are become a reproach give thee skill and understanding. to all that are about us.

23 At the beginning of thy supplications the 17 Now therefore, ( our God, hear the w commandment came forth, and - I am come prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, to show thee ; y for thou art ? greatly beloved : 8 and cause thy fáce to shine upon thy sanc- therefore a understand the matter, and consider tuary h that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. the vision.

18 kO my God, incline thine ear, and hear; 24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, people and upon thy holy city, ” to finish the and the city which is called by thy name: transgression, and « to make an end of sins, for we do not present our supplications before and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to mercies.

seal up the vision e and prophecy, 6 and to 19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, anoint the Most Holy.

W

X

1 Jer. xxxi. 28; xliv. 27.— Neh. ix. 33 ; ver. 7.- Ver. . Heb. cause to fall; Jer. xxxvi. 7.—p Psa. lxxix. 9, 10; cii. 10. - Exod. vi. 1, 6; xxxii. 11; 1 Kings viii. 51; Neh. i. 10. 15, 16.- Psa. xxxii. 5; Isa. lxv. 24. Chap. viii. 16. Jer. xxxi. 21.-y Heb. made thee a name. -2 Exod. xiv. 18; * Heb. with weariness, or flight.-- Chap. viii. 18; X. 10, 16. Neh. ix. 10; Jer. xxxii. 20. Ver. 5.--Il Sam, xii. 7; Psa. u 1 Kings xviii. 36. Heb. to make thee skilful of understanding. xxxi. 1; lxxi. 2; Mic. vi. 4, 5.- -c Ver. 20; Zech. viii, 3. w Heb. word. Chap. x. 12. -y Chap. x. 1, 19.—- Heb. & Exod. xx. 5.- Lam. ii. 15, 16. - Psa. xliv. 13, 14; lxxix. a man of desires. -La Matt. xxiv: 15.-b Or, to restrain, 4. Num. vi. 25; Psa. Ixvii. 1; lxxx. 3, 7, 19.- -b Lam. v. Or, to seal up; Lam. iv. 22. a Isa. liii. 10.- -e Isa. lin. 18.-i Ver. 19; John xvi. 24.- Isa. xxxvii. 17. - Exod. 11; Jer. xxiii. 5, 6; Heb. ix. 12; Rev. xiv. 6. ni. 7; Psa. Ixxx, 14, &c. in Jer. xxv. 29. Heb. where- phet. - Psalm xlv. 7 ; Luke i. 35; John i. 41 ; Hebrews upon thy name is called.

Heb. pro

IX. 11.

Verse 14. The Lord watched upon the evil] In con- most important prophecy, and has given rise to a vasequence of our manifold rebellions he hath now riety of opinions relative to the proper mode of explawatched for an opportunity to bring these calamities nation ; but the chief difficulty, if not the only one, is upon us.

to find out the time from which these seventy weeks Verse 17. 'And cause thy face to shine]. Give us should be dated. What is here said by the angel is proof that thou art reconciled to us.

not a direct answer to Daniel's prayer. He prays to Verse 19. Thy city and thy people are called by thy know when the seventy weeks of the captivily are to name.] The holy city, the city of the great King. I end. Gabriel shows him that there are seventy weeks think it scarcely possible for any serious man to read determined relative to a redemption from another sort these impressive and pleading words without feeling a of captivity, which shall commence with the going measure of the prophet's earnestness.

forth of the edict to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, Verse 21. The man Gabriel] Or the angel Gabriel, and shall terminate with the death of Messiah the who had appeared to me as a man. D'x ish is the Prince, and the total abolition of the Jewish sacrifices. same here as person—the person Gabriel.

In the four following verses he enters into the partiBeing caused to fly swiftly] God hears with delight culars of this most important determination, and leaves such earnest, humble, urgent prayers; and sends the them with Daniel for his comfort, who has left them speediest answer. Gabriel himself was ordered on to the Church of God for the confirmation of its faith, this occasion to make more than usual speed.

and a testimony to the truth of Divine revelation. Verse 24. Seventy weeks are determined] This is a They contain the fullest confirmation of Christianity, of

The seventy weeks

DANIEL

years interpreted. A. M. cir. 3466.

25

h

Know therefore and un- seven weeks, and threescore A. M. cir. 3466. B. C. cir. 538.

B. C. cir. 536. Ol. cit. LX. 3. derstand, that from the going and two weeks : the street Ol, cir. LX. 3. Servii Tullii,

Servii Tullii, R. Roman.,

forth of the commandment kto n shall be built again, and the R. Roman., cir. annum 41. restore and to build Jerusalem wall, Peven

4 in "troublous cir. annum 41. unto I the Messiah m the Prince shall be times,

h Ver. 23; Matt. xxiv, 15.- - Ezra iv. 24; vi. 1, 15; vii. 1; 1 John i. 41; iv. 25.- m Isa. lv. 4. Neh. ii. 1, 3, 5, 6, 8.- * Or, to build again Jerusalem; as 2 Sam. be builded. Or, breach, or ditch.xv. 25; Psa. lxxi. 20.

9 Heb, in strait of times ; Neh. vi. 15.

n Heb, shall return and Neh. iv. 8, 16, 17, 18.

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men.

and a complete refutation of the Jewish cavils and four thousand seven hundred and forty-sixth year of blasphemies on this subject.

the Julian period. Four hundred and ninety years, Of all the writers I have consulted on this most reckoned baek from the above year, leads us directly noble prophecy, Dean Prideaux appears to me the most to the month Nisan in the four thousand two hundred clear and satisfactory. I shall therefore follow his me- and fifty-sixth year of the same period ; the very month thod in my explanation, and often borrow his words. and year in which Ezra had his commission from Ar

Seventy weeks are determined—The Jews had Sab- taxerxes Longimanus, king of Egypt, (see Ezra vii. 9,) balic years, Lev. xxv. 8, by which their years were to restore and rebuild Jerusalem. See the commission divided into weeks of years, as in this important pro- in Ezra, chap. vii. 11-26, and Prideaux's Connexions, phecy, each' week containing seven years. The se- vol. ii. p. 380. venty weeks therefore here spoken of amount to four The above seventy weeks, or four hundred and hundred and ninety years.

ninety years, are divided, in ver. 25, into three distinct In ver. 24 there are six events mentioned which periods, to each of which particular events are asshould be the consequences of the incarnation of our signed. The three periods are, Lord :

1. Seven weeks, that is, forty-nine-years. 1. To finish (x535 lechalle, to restrain) the trans- II. Sixty-two weeks, that is, four hundred and gression ; which was effected by the preaching of the thirty-four years. Gospel, and pouring out of the Holy Ghost among III. One week, that is, seven years.

To the first period of seven weeks the restoration II. To make an end of sins ; rather nion only and repairing of Jerusalem are referred; and so long ulehathem chalaoth, to make an end of sin-offerings;" were Ezra and Nehemiah employed in restoring the which our Lord did when he offered his spotless soul sacred constitutions and civil establishments of the and body on the cross once for all.

Jews, for this work lasted forty-nine years after the IH. To make reconciliation (1996, ulechapper, " to commission was given by Artaxerxes. make atonement or expiation") for iniquity ; which he From the above seven weeks the second period of did by the once offering up of himself.

sixty-two weeks, or four hundred and thirty-four IV. To bring in everlasting righteousness, opply.p78 years more, commences, at the end of which the protsedek olamim, that is, “ the righteousness, or right- phecy says, Messiah the Prince should come, that is, eous One, of ages;" that person who had been the seven weeks, or forty-nine years, should be allowed for object of the faith of mankind, and the subject of the the restoration of the Jewish state ; from which time predictions of the prophets through all the ages of till the public entrance of the Messiah on the work of the world.

the ministry should be sixty-two weeks, or four hunV. To seal up (onnbi velachtom,“ to finish or com- dred and thirty-four years, in all four hundred and plete") the vision and prophecy ; that is, to pụt an eighty-three years. end to the necessity of any farther revelations, by From the coming of our Lord, the third period is to completing the canon of Scripture, and fulfilling the be dated, viz., “He shall confirm the covenant with prophecies which related to his person, sacrifice, and many for one week,” that is, seven years, ver. 27. the glory that should follow.

This confirmation of the covenant must take in the VI, And to anoint the Most Holy, ovip apkodesh ministry of John the Baptist with that of our Lord, kodashim, “the Holy of holies.” non' mashach, to comprehending the term of seven years, during the anoint, (from which comes t'u mashiach, the Mes- whole of which he might be well said to confirm or siah, the anointed one,) signifies in general, to conse- ratify the new covenant with mankind. Our Lord crate or appoint to some special office. Here it means says, “The law was until John ;" but from his first the consecration or appointment of our blessed Lord, public preaching the kingdom of God, or Gospel disthe Holy One of Israel, to be the Prophet, Priest, and pensation, commenced. King of mankind.

These seven years, added to the four hundred and Verse 25. From the going forth of the command | eighty-three, complete the four hundred and ninety ment to restore and to build Jerusalem] The fore- years, or seventy prophetic weeks ; so that the whole going events being all accomplished by Jesus Christ, of this prophecy, from the times and corresponding they of course determine the prophecy to him. And events, has been fulfilled to the very letter. if we reckon back four hundred and ninety years, we Some imagine that the half of the last seven years shall find the time of the going forth of this command. is to be referred to the total destruction of the Jews

Most learned men agree that the death of Christ by Titus, when the daily sacrifice for ever ceased to happened at the passover in the month Nisan, in the l be offered ; and that the intermediate space of thirtyThe seventy weeks

CHAP. IX.

of years interpreted. A. M. cir. 3466.

26 And after threescore and 27 And he shall confirm bthe A. M. cir. 3466. - B. C. eir. 538.

B. C. cir. 538. Ol. cir. LX.3. two weeks I shall Messiah be cut covenant with a

many for one

Ol. cir. LX. 3. Servii Tullii,

Servii Tullii, R. Roman.,

off, s but + not for himself: " and week: and in the midst of the R. Roman., cir. annum 41.

cir. annım 41. the people of the prince that week he shall cause the sacrifice shall come w shall destroy the city * and the and the oblation to cease,

e and for the oversanctuary; Y and the end thereof shall be spreading of fabominations he shall make it z with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolate, & even until the consummation, and that a desolations are determined.

determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

e

the

r Isa. lui. 8; Mark ix. 12; Luke xxiv. 26, 46.- 81 Pet. ii. 21; a Or, it shall be cut off by desolations. Or, a. Isa. xlii. üi. 18. — Or, and shall have nothing ; John xiv. 30. u Or, 6; lv. 3; Jer. xxxi. 31; Ezek. xvi. 60, 61, 62. ud Isa. hui. 11; and (the Jews) they shall be no more his people ; chap. xi. 17, or, Matt. xxvi. 28; Rom. v. 15, 19; Heb. ix. 28. Or, and

upon and the Prince's [Messiah's, ver. 25] future people.- Matt. xxii. batilements shall be the idols of the desolator.- Matt. xxiv. 15; 7.—Luke xix. 44. - Matt. xxiv. 2. - Matt. xxiv. 6, 14. Mark xui. 14; Luke xxi. 20. - See Isa. x. 22, 23 ; xxviii. 22; * Isa. viii. 7, 8; chap. xi. 10, 22; Nah. i. 8.

chap. xi. 36; Luke xxi. 24 ; Rom. xi. 26.— Or, upon the desolator. seven years, from our Lord's death till the destruction The Septuagint, Και επι το ιερον βδελυγμα των of the city, is passed over as being of no account in spruwo Ewv, “And upon the temple there shall be the relation to the prophecy, and that it was on this ac- abomination of desolation." count that the last seven years are divided. But The Arabic, “And upon the sanctuary there shall Dean Prideaur thinks that the whole refers to our be the abomination of ruin." Lord's preaching connected with that of the Baptist. The above reading is celebrated by J. D. Michaelis, '8771 vachatsi, says he, signifies in the half part of the Epist. De Ebdom. Dan., p. 120 : Vix insignius exemweek; that is, in the latter three years and a half in plum reperiri posse autumem, ostensuro in codicibus which he exercised himself in the public ministry, he Hebræis latere lectiones dignissimas quæ eruantur, caused, by the sacrifice of himself, all other sacrifices &c. “A more illustrious example can, I think, hardly and oblations to cease, which were instituted to sig- be found, to show that various readings lie hid in Henify his.

brew MSS., which are most worthy of being exhiIn the latter parts of ver. 26 and 27 we find the bited."' Fid. Bıb. Heb. KENNICOTT, Dis. Gen. THIRD PART of this great prophecy, which refers to I have only to add that this mode of reckoning what should be done after the completion of these se- years and periods by weeks is not solely Jewish. renty weeks.

Macrobius, in his book on Scipio's dream, has these Verse 26. And the people of the prince that shall remarkable words : Sed a sexta usque ad septimam come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary] By the septimanam fit quidem diminutio, sed occulta, et quæ “ prince" Titus, the son of Vespasian, is plainly in- detrimentum suum aperta defectione non prodat : ideo tended ; and “ the people of that prince" are no other nonnullarum rerumpublicarum hic mos est, ut post than th Romans, who, according to prophecy, sextam militiam nemo cogatur ; Somn. Scip., lib. i. destroyed the sanctuary, vipo hakkodesh, the holy c. vi., in fine. “From the sixth to the seventh week, place or temple, and, as a flood, swept away all, till there is a diminution of strength; but it is hidden, and the total destruction of that obstinate people finished does not manifest itself by any outward defect. Hence the war.

it was the custom in some republics not to oblige a Verse 27. And for the overspreading of abominations man to go to the wars after the sixth week, i. e., after he shall make it desolate) This clause is remarkably forty-two years of age.” .

Having now gone through the whole of this immem, “ And upon the wing of abominations causing portant prophecy, and given that interpretation which amazement." This is a literal translation of the the original seemed best to warrant, I shall next proplace; but still there is no determinate sense. A He- ceed to notice the principal various readings found in brew MS., written in the thirteenth century, has pre- the Collections of Kennicott and De Rossi, with those served a very remarkable reading here, which frees the from my own MSS., which the reader may collate place from all embarrassment. Instead of the above with the words of the common printed text. reading, this valuable MS. has rupu nom 43031 ubeheychal yihyey shikkuts ; that 'is, “ And in the temple (of the Lord) there shall be abomination." This makes the passage plain, and is strictly conformable to the facts themselves, for the temple was pro

! faned; and it agrees with the prediction of our Lord,

) who said that the abomination that maketh desolate

Verse 25. should stand in the holy place, Matt. xxiv. 15, and quotes the words as spoken δια Δανιηλ σου φροφησου, , by Daniel the prophet. That the above reading gives the true sense, there can be little doubt, because it is countenanced by the most eminent ancient versions.

: The Vulgale reads, Et erit in templo abominatio,

Verse 86. “And in the temple there shall be abomination."

שבעים שבעים נחתך על עמך יעל עיר קדשך .24 Verse לכלא הפשע ולחתם חטאות ולכפר עון ולהביא צרק עלמים לחתם חזון ונביא ולמשח קדש קדשים : ותדע ותשכל מן מצא דבר להשיב ולבנות ירושלס ער משיח נגיד שבעים שבעה ושבעים ששים ושנים חשוב ונבנתה רחוב וחרוץ ובצוק העתים ואחרי השבעים ששים ושנים יכרת משיח ואין לו.

-text I have inserted Houbigant's dots, or marks of dis | והעיר והקרש ישחית עם נגיד הבא .tinction between the different members of the verses | וקצו בשטף. ועד קץ מלחמה נחרצת שממות : weeks written full, so as to שבועים ,שבעים .24 verse והגביר ברית לרבים שבוע אחר.

והצי השבוע ישבית זבח ומנחה. ועל כנף שקוצים משכם.

more ,ולחתום to make an end." :One reads * ולהתם

my MSS.

ונביא

משיה

Various readings relative

DANIEL.

to the seventy weeks. ,

. s

VARIOUS READINGS. Verse 27. . , ,

prevent mistakes, in thirteen of Kennicott's, four of

De Rossi's, and one ancient of my own. : Dow you yon 780013 obama d'yav Seventy-one of Kennicott's, and one of De Ros

si's, have Dyiv “ weeks, weeks, weeks;" that is, Of the whole passage Houbigant gives the following

many weeks :". but this is a mere mistake. translation:

sebab a to restrain.” obab" to consume,” is the readVerse 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy

ing of twenty-nine of Kennicott's, thirteen of De people, and the city of thy sanctuary :

Rossi's, and one ancient of my own. That sin may be restrained, and transgressions have

onnbo "and to seal up.” Forty-three of Kennicott's, an end;

twelve of De Rossi's, and one of my own, have That iniquity may be expiated, and an everlasting

“ .” , righteousness brought in ;

full. That visions and prophecies may be sealed up, and the

Nixon “sins.” Oxun “sin,” in the singular, is the Holy of holies anointed. Verse 25. Know therefore and understand :

reading of twenty-six of De Rossi's ; and so, in

the second instance where this word occurs, two of From the edict which shall be promulgated, to return and rebuild Jerusalem, there shall be seven weeks.

Diply everlasting." Two of my oldest MSS. read Then it shall be fully rebuilt, with anxiety, in difficult

Diphv, and so in the next instance. times.

) * and the prophet.” The conjunction is omitted Thence, to the Prince Messiah, there shall be sixty

by two of Kennicott's. two weeks. Verse 26. And after sixty-two weeks the Messiah Verse 25. Nyid ja “ from the publication.” One MS.

sowni" and understand.” One of my MSS. has begoni. shall be slain, and have no justice.

of De Rossi's omits the ys " from," and instead of Afterwards he shall waste the city and the sanctuary,

either, one of my oldest MSS. has xvip“ to the by the prince that is to come. And his end shall be in straits; and to the end of the

publication.”

« Messiah.” Nine MSS. read the word with the war desolation is appointed.

point sheva, which makes it read, in regimine, " the Verse 27. And for one week he shall confirm a covenant with many ;

anointed of the prince." But this is evidently the

effect of carelessness, or rather design. And in the middle of the week he shall abrogate sacrifice and offering ;

ny2u “seven." Two MSS. add the conjunction vau,

" and." And in the temple there shall be the abomination of naby and to build.” One of mine omits the condesolation,

junction. Until the ruin which is decreed rush on after the de

seven weeks." One of Kennicott's has solation.

JU D'YIV" seventy years." In this translation there are some peculiarities. D'yavi " and weeks.” One of Kennicott's has vin

Instead of “the street shall be built again, and the " and a week.” wall,” ver. 25, he translates por aing (with the d'uw “ sixty.”. A few add the conjunction 1 vau," and prefix ) beth instead of 1 vau in the latter word,)“ it sixty;" and another has nuo " six;" and another shall be fully (the city and all its walls) rebuilt with b'yov “ seventy." Wherever this word signifies anxiety.”

weeks, two of my oldest MSS. write it full, D'YIV. : Instead of 15 1989 “ but not for himself,” he trans

. lates, “ Nor shall justice be done him;" supposing that in the text, but added by a later hand in the 7'7 "justice” was originally in the verse.

margin. Instead of the people of the prince," ver. 26, he pins and the ditch.” One MS. has 799 " the city." translates “by the prince,” using by im as a preposi- And for 2777" street," one of mine has 2107 of the tion, instead of by am, “ the people.".

same meaning, but more full. Instead of " and for the overspreading,” he trans- pixar." and in straits," or anxiety. One MS. without lates qua Syn" in the temple;" following the Septua- and, as the Vulgate and Septuagint. gint, xos sati to lepov. This rendering is at least as Verse 26. vips and the holy place or sanctuary." good as ours : but see the marginal readings here, and But two of my most ancient MSS., and four of Kenthe preceding notes.

nicott's, leave out the 1 vau, and read Houbigant contends also that the arrangement of "and the holy city,” or “city of holiness," instead the several members in these passages is confused. of “the city and sanctuary.” “In one MS. i is He proposes one alteration, which is important, viz.,

. From the promulgation of the decree to rebuild Jeru- 1371 " and its end." One MS. omits the conjunction salem shall be seven weeks; and unto Messiah the '1 and; one omits the following rp “the end ;** prince, sixty-two weeks. All these alterations he vin- reading thus : “and unto the war? !" But a more dicates in his notes at the end of this chapter. In the singular reading is that of one of my own MSS

שבעים שבעה

are omitted השבועים ששים .In one of my MSS

והעיר הקדש

.והעיר omitted in

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