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Nebuchadnezzar's dream

DANIEL.

farther illustrated. come tributary to the Babylonians, with his mother, as the Babylonian, under which he then lived, was one wives, officers of state, and chief military commanders, of these monarchies, and was shortly to be absorbed princes, and mighty men of valour, to the amount of by the Medo-Persian, which was to succeed it, he ten thousand; and all the artificers, smiths, &c., to made Nebuchadnezzar, the then reigning monarch, by the number of one thousand, with all that were fit for means of a most singular dream, the particulars of war, he carried captives to Babylon ; leaving only the which he had forgotten, the instrument that appeared poorest of the people behind, under the government of, to give birth to a prediction, in which the ruin of his Mattaniah, son of the late king Josiah, and uncle to own empire was foretold ; as well as other mighty Jehoiachin ; and, having changed his name to Zede- changes which should take place in the political state kiah, gave him a nominal authority as king over the. of the world, for at least the term of one thousand wretched remains of the people. Zedekiah, after ha- years next ensuing. Nor did the prophetic Spirit in ving reigned nine years, rebelled against Nebuchad- this eminent man limit his predictions to these ; but nezzar, who, coming against Jerusalem with all his showed at the same time the origin and nature of that forces, besieged it; and having reduced it to the last FIFTH monarchy, which, under the great King of kings, extremity by famine, and made a breach in the walls, should be administered and prevail to the end of time. took the city, pillaged and destroyed the temple by fire, The dream itself, with its interpretation, and the slew the sons of Zedekiah before his face, then put out exaet and impressive manner in which the predictions his eyes, and carried him bound in brazen fetters to relative to the four great monarchies have been fulBabylon, 2 Kings, chap. xxiv. and xxv. Thus, the filled, and those which regard the fifth monarchy are temple of God, the most glorious building ever laid on in the course of being accomplished, are the subjects the face of the earth, was profaned, pillaged, and to which I wish to call the reader's most serious and burnt, with the king's palace, and all the houses of the deliberate attention. Jewish nobility, in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, This image, so circumstantially described from the the nineteenth of. Nebuchadnezzar:--the first of the thirty-eighth to the forty-fourth verse, was, as we learn forty-eighth Olympiad, the one hundred and sixtieth from the prophet's general solution, intended to point current year of the era of Nabonassar,-four hundred out the rise and fall of four different empires and and twenty-four years, three months, and eight days states; and the final prevalence and establishment of -from the time in which Solomon laid its foundation stone! a fifth empire, that shall never have an end, and which

In the same month in which the city was taken, shall commence in the last days, ver. 28; a phrase and the temple burnt, Nebuzar-adan, commander in commonly used in the prophets to signify the times of chief of the Babylonish forces, carried off the spoils of the Messiah, and in the New Testament, his adveni to the temple, with the Jewish treasures, and the princi-judge the world. pal part of the residue of the people; and brought Before we proceed to particular parts, we may them also to Babylon. And thus Judah was carried remark in general, that the whole account strongly away out of her own land, four hundred and sixty- indicates : eight years after David began to reign over it; from 1. The especial providence of God in behalf of the the division under Rehoboam, three hundred and eighty- Jews at that time. For, although suffering grievously eight years; from the destruction of the kingdom of because of their sins, being deprived of both their poIsrael, one hundred and thirty-four years; in the year litical and personal liberty, God shows them that he of the world, three thousand four hundred and sixteen; has not abandoned them; and the existence of a proand before the nativity of our Lord, five hundred and phet among them is a proof of his fatherly care and eighty-eight.

unremitted attention to their eternal welfare. In the fourth year of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, 2. The particular interference of God to manisest A. M. 3397, B. C. 607, Nebuchadnezzar, having be- the superiority of his truth, to wean an idolatrous nasieged Jerusalem, and made its king tributary, carried tion from their vanity and superstition, and lead them away a number of eaptives; and among them was the to that God who is the fountain of truth, the revealer Prophet Daniel, then in his youth, who became, for his of secrets, and the governor of all things. wisdom, and knowledge of future events, very eminent And, 3. The direct inspiration of God immediately at Babylon; and, with some other Jewish captives, teaching his servant things which could be known only great favourites of Nebuchadnezzar the king; who to God himself, and thus showing the Babylonians made Daniel president of all the wise men of his city. that his prophets had spoken by an unerring Spirit; It was in the second year of the reign of this king, that that the Jews were the depositaries of the true relia circumstance occurred which, though at first it threat- gion ; that he was the only true God; and as he was ened the destruction of the prophet, finally issued in the omniscient, so 'he was omnipotent; and the things increase of his reputation and celebrity.

which his wisdom had predicted, his power could and As prophecy is one of the strongest proofs of the would accomplish. authenticity of what professes to be a Divine revela- The sum of the account given in this chapter is the tion, God endued this man with a large portion of his following: Spirit, so that he clearly predicted some of the most 1. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, in the second astonishing political occurrences and changes which year of his reign, about A. M. 3401, and B. C. 603, have ever taken place on the earth; no less than the l'had a remarkable dream, which, although it made a rise, distinguishing characteristics, and termination of deep impression on his mind, yet, on his awaking, he the four great monarchies or empires, which have been found it impossible to rocollect; the general impres80 celebrated in all the histories of the world. And sion only remaining.

THE DREAM.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream

CHAP. II.

farther illustrated. 2. He summoned his wise men, astrologers, &c., | begit. Hoc fuit tempus viris armisque exercitatissitold them that he had a dream or vision, which he had mum! ideo quis ADOLESCENTIAM dixerit. forgotten ; and commanded them to tell him the dream, 3. Dehinc ad Cæsarem Augustum, ducenti quinand give its interpretation.

quaginta anni, quibus totum orbem pacavit. Hic 3. They request the king to tell them the dream; jam ipsa JUVENTA Imperii, et quasi quædam robusta and promise, then, to make known the meaning. This MATURITAS. he could not do, having forgotten it; yet he insists on 4. A Cæsare Augusto in sæculum, nostrúm, sunt their compliance on pain of death.

non multo minus anni ducenti, quibus inertia Cæsarum 4. To tell the king his dream they find impossible; quasi CONSENUIT atque decoxit. L. An. Flori Proem. and a decree for the destruction of the wise men of . 1. INFANCY ; first stage-under KINGS, from RomuBabylon is issued, in which Daniel and his fellows are lus to Tarquinius Superbus ; about two hundred and included.

fifty years. 5. Daniel, hearing of it, speaks to Arioch, captain 2. Youth; second stage—under consuls, from of the king's guard or the royal executioner; desires Brutus and Collatinus to Appius Claudius and M. Fulto be brought before the king; and promises to tell vius ; about two hundred and fifty years. the dream, &c.

3. MANHOOD; third stage-the empire from the 6. He is introduced ; and immediately tells the king conquest of Italy to Cæsar Augustus ; about two hunwhat he had dreamed, and shows him its interpretation. dred and fifty years.

4. OLD AGE ; fourth stage--from Augustus, through

the twelve Cæsars, down to A. D. 200 ; about two A vast image, exceedingly luminous, of terrible hundred years. form, and composed of different substances, appears in Geographers have made similar representations. a night vision to the king, of which the following is The Germanic empire, in the totality of its dependent the description :-

states, has been represented by a map in the form of I. Its head was of fine gold.

a man; different parts being pointed out by head, II. Its breast and arms of silver.

breast, arms, belly, thighs, legs, feet, &c., according VII. Its belly and thighs of brass.

to their geographical and political relation to the emIV. Its legs of iron, and its feet and toés of iron pire in general. and clay. While gazing on this image he sees,- 3. Different metals are used to express different de

V. A stone cut out of a mountain without hands, grees of political strength, excellence, durability, &c. which smites the image on its feet, and dashes it all 4. Clay, earth, dust, are emblems of weakness, into pieces; and the gold, and silver, brass, iron, and stability, &c. clay become as small and as light as chaff.

5. Mountains express, in Scripture, mighty emVI. A wind carries the whole away, so that no pires, kingdoms, and states.. place is found for them.

6. Stone signifies Jesus Christ, Gen. xlix. 24 VII. The stone becomes a great mountain, and fills From thence” (of the posterity of Jacob) “is the the earth.

Shepherd, the Stone of Israel.” That our blessed In order to explain this, certain data must be laid Lord, "the good shepherd,” John x. 11-17, is here down.

intended, will appear most plainly from the following 1. This image is considered a political representa- passages ; Isa. viii. 14: “And he shall be for a sanction of as many different governments, as it was com- tuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a Rock of posed of materials; and as all these materials are offence to both the houses of Israel.” Isa. xxviii. 16: successively inferior to each other, so are the govern-" Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for ments in a descending ratio.

a foundation a STONE, a tried stone, a precious corner 2. The human figure has been used, both by histo- STONE, a sure foundation ; he that believeth shall not rians and geographers, to represent the rise, progress, make haste.” i Peter ii. 4, 6, 8. Collate these with establishment, and decay of empires, as well as the re- Psa. cxviii. 22 :" The stone which the builders relative situation and importance of the different parts fused is become the head stone of the corner.

.” Matt. of the government. Thus. Florus, in the proæmium xxi. 42 ; Mark xii. 10; Luke xx. 17; Acts iv. 11; in to his Roman history, represents the Romans under which latter quotations the whole is positively applied the form of a human being, in its different stages, to Christ ; as also 1 Peter ii. 4-8: “To whom comfrom infancy to old age, viz.

ing as onto a living STONE,” &c. ; who seems to have Si quis ergo populum Romanum quasi hominem all the preceding passages in view. See also Isa. ii. 2: consideret, totamque ejus ætatem percenseat, ut cePe-“The mountain of the Lord's house shall be estaRIT, utque ADOLEVERIT, ut quasi ad quemdam JUVENTÆblished in the top of the mountains,” &c. forem pervenerit; ut postea velut CONSENUERIT, qnia

7. This stone is said to be cut out without hands, tuor gradus progressusque ejus inveniet.

Without hands signifies that which is spis 1. Prima ætas sub Regibus fuit, prope ducentos ritual. So 2 Cor. v. 1, a house not made with hands quinquaginta per annos, quibus circum ipsam matrem means a spiritual building. suam cum finitimis luctatus est. Hæc erit ejus INPANTIA.

EXPLANATION, 2. Sequens a Bruto, Collatinoque consulibus, in The Chaldean empire, called the Assyrian in its' Appium Claudium, Quinctiumque Fulvium consules, commencement, the Chaldean from the country, the ducentos quinquaginta annos habet, quibus Italiam su- | Babylonish from its chief city.

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ver. 34.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream

DANIEL.

farther illustrated.

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1. Head of GOLD. This was the first monarchy, | much as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all begun by Nimrod, A. M. 1771, B.C. 2233, and ending things; and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it with the death of Belshazzar, A. M. 3466, B. C. 538, break in pieces and bruise,” ver. 40. 1. The iron after having lasted- nearly seventeen hundred years. here not only marks the strength of these kingdoms, In the time of Nebuchadnezzar it extended over Chal- but also their violence and cruelty towards the people dea, Assyria, Arabia, Syria, and Palestine. He, Ne- of God. History is full of the miseries which the buchadnezzar, was the head of gold.

kings of Egypt and Syria inflicted on the Jews. 2. II. Breasts AND ARMS OF SILVER. The Medo-Per- It is said that these legs should break in pieces and sian' empire ; which properly began under Darius the bruise.. How many generals and princes were deMede, allowing him to be the same with Cyaxares, son stroyed by Seleucus Nicalor, and by Ptolemy, son of of Astyages, and uncle to Cyrus the great, son of Cam- Lagus ! Seleucus, particularly, could not consider byses. He first fought under his uncle Cyaxares ; de himself secure on his throne till he had destroyed An. feated Neriglissar, king of the Assyrians, and Cresus, tigonus, Nicanor, and Demetrius; and Ptolemy endeaking of the Lydians; and, by the capture of Babylon, voured to secure himself by the ruin of Perdiccas, and B. C: 538, terminated the Chaldean empire. On the the rest of his enemies. 3. The dividing of the kingdeath of his father Cambyses, and his uncle Cyaxares, dom, the iron and clayey mixture of the feet, point out B. C-536, he became sole governor of the Medes and the continual divisions which prevailed in those emPersians, and thus established a potent empire on the pires; and the mixture of the good and evil qualities ruins of that of the Chaldeans.

which appeared in the successors of Seleucus and PtoIII. BELLY AND THIGHS OF BRASS. The Macedonian lemy; none of them possessing the good qualities of or Greek empire, founded by Alexander the Great. the founders of those monarchies ; neither their valour, He subdued Greece, penetrated into Asia, took Tyre, wisdom, nor prudence. 4. The efforts which these reduced Egypt, overthrew Darius Codomanus at Ar- princes made to strengthen their respective governbela, Oct. 2, A. M. 3673, B. C. 331, and thus termi- ments by alliances, which all proved not only useless nated the Persian monarchy. He crossed the Cau- but injurious; are here pointed out by their mingling casus, subdued Hyrcania, and penetrated India as far themselves with the seed of men. “ But they shall not as the Ganges; and having conquered all the countries cleave one to another,” ver. 43. Antiochus Theos, that lay between the Adriatic sea and this river, the king of Syria, married both Laodice and Berenice, Ganges, he died A. M. 3681, B. C. 323 ; and after daughters of Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt. his death his empire became divided among his gene- Antiochus Magnus, king of Syria, gave his daughter rals, Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus. Cleopatra to Ptolemy Epiphanes, king of Egypt; but CASSANDER had Macedon and Greece; LYSIMACHUS these marriages, instead of being the means of consohad Thrace, and those parts of Asia which lay on the lidating the union between those kingdoms, contributed Hellespont and Bosphorus ; Ptolemy had Egypt, Ly- more than any thing else to divide them, and excite bia, Arabia, Palestine, and Cælesyria ; Seleucus had the most bloody and destructive wars. Babylon, Media, Susiana, Persia, Assyria, Bactria, In chap. vii. 7, the prophet, having the same subHyrcania, and all other provinces, even to the Ganges. ject in view, says, “I saw in the night visions, and Thus this empire, founded on the ruin of that of the behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong Persians,“ had rule over all the earth.”

exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth : it devoured IV. LEGS OF IRON, AND FEET AND TOES OF IRON AND and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the

I think this means, in the first place, the king-feet of it;" and in chap. viii. 22 : “ Now that being dom of the LAGIDÆ, in Egypt; and the kingdom of the broken,” the horn of the rough goat, the Grecian moSELEUCIDÆ, in Syria. And, secondly, the Roman em- narchy, " whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms pire, which was properly composed of them. shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power."

1, PTOLEMY LAGUs, one of Alexander's generals, These and other declarations point out those peculiar began the new kingdom of Egypt, A. M. 3692, B. C. circumstances that distinctly mark the kingdom of the 312, which was continued through a long race of Seleucidæ, and that of the Lagidæ ; both of which rose sovereigns, till A. M. 3974, B. C. 30; when Octavius out of the Macedonian or Grecian empire, and both Cæsar took Alexandria, having in the preceding year terminated in that of the Romans. defeated Anthony and Cleopatra at the battle of Ac- 2. These two LEGS OF IRON became absorbed in the tiúm, and so Egypt became a Roman province. Thus Roman government, which also partook of the iron naended the kingdom of the Lagide, after it had lasted ture; strong, military, and extensive in its victories; two hundred and eighty-two years.

and by its various conquests united to and amalga. 2. Seleucus Nicator, another of Alexander's ge-mated with itself various nations, some strong; and nerals, began the new kingdom of Syria, A. M. 3692, some weak, so as to be fitly represented in the symboB.C. 312, which continued through a long race of lical image by feet and toes, partly of iron and partly sovereigns, till A. M: 3939, B. C. 65, when Pompey, of clay. Thus, as the Lagide and Seleucida arose dethroned Antiochus Asiaticus, and Syria became a out of the wreck of the Grecian empire ; so the Roman Roman province after it had lasted two hundred and empire arose out of their ruin. But the empire became forty-seven years.

weakened by its conquests; and although, by mingling That the two legs of iron meant the kingdom of the themselves with the seed of men, that is, by strong Lagida and that of the Seleucida, seems strongly in- leagues, and matrimonial alliances, as mentioned above, timated by the characters given in the text, " And they endeavoured to secure a perpetual sovereignty, the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron. Foras- yet they did not cleave to each other, and they also

, CLAY.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream

CHAP. II.

farther illustrated. were swallowed up by the barbarous northern nations ; | force were employed; for it was not by might nor and thus terminated those four most powerful mo- power, but by the Spirit of the Lord of hosts. narchies.

Two things may be here distinguished : 1. The goV. “A stone cut out of the mountain without vernment or kingdom of the stoNE.

2. The governhands."

ment or kingdom of the MOUNTAIN. 1. That Jesus Christ has been represented by a 1. The kingdom of the STONE smiles, breaks to stone, we have already seen ; but this stone refers pieces, and destroys all the other kingdoms, till no chiefly to his Church, which is represented as a spi- vestige of them remains, and till the whole earth is ritual building, which he supports as a foundation subdued by it. stone, connects and strengthens as a corner stone, and 2. The kingdom of the MOUNTAIN fills, and continues finishes and adorns as a top stone. He is called a to govern, all that has been thus subdued, maintaining stone also in reference to the prejudice conceived endless peace and righteousness in the earth. against him by his countrymen. Because he did not First, The stone began to strike the image, when come in worldly pomp they therefore refused to re- the apostles went out into every part of the Roman ceive him; and to them he is represented as a stone empire, pulling down idolatry, and founding Christian of stumbling, and rock of offence.

Churches. 2. But here he is represented under another notion, Secondly, But the great blow was given to the hea. viz., that of a stone projected from a catapult, or some then Roman empire by the conversion of Constantine, military engine, which smote the image on its feet ; just at the time when it was an epitome of the four that is, it smote the then existing government at its great monarchies, being under the government of foundation, or principles of support; and by destroy- FOUR EMPERORS at once, A. D. 308 : ConstantiUS, ing these, brought the whole into ruin,

who governed Gaul, Spain, and Britain ; GALERIUS, 3. By this stroke the clay, the iron, the brass, the who had Ilyricum, Thrace, and Asia; SEVERUS, who silver, and the gold were broken to pieces, and became had Italy and Africa ; and Maximin, who had the like chaff which the wind carried away. Now we East and Egypt. have already seen that the Roman empire, which had1. The conversion of Constantine took place while absorbed the kingdoms of the Lagida and Seleucida, he was in Gaul, A. D. 312, by the appearance of a was represented by the legs of iron, and feet and toes luminous cross in the sky above the sun, a little after of iron and clay ; but as we find that not only the noon-day, with this inscription, Ev TOUTW vixa, “ By iron and clay, but also the brass, silver, and gold were this conquer ;" Euseb. De Vit. Const. lib. i. cap. 28. confounded and destroyed by that stroke, it follows In A. D. 324 he totally defeated Licinius, who had that there was then remaining in and compacted with shared the empire with him, and became sole emperor. the Roman government, something of the distinguish. He terminated the reign of idolatry in A. D. 331, by ing marks and principles of all the preceding empires ; an edict ordering the destruction of all the heathen not only as to their territorial possessions, but also as temples. This made CHRISTIANITY the religion of the to their distinctive characteristics. There were at the empire. time here referred to in the Roman empire, the splen- 2. The stroke which thus destroyed idolatry in the dour of the CHALDEANS, the riches of the Persians, Roman empire is continual in its effects; and must the discipline of the Greeks, and the strength of the be so till idolatry be destroyed over the face of the EGYPTIAN and Syrian governments, mingled with the earth, and the universe filled with the knowledge of incoherence and imbecility of those empires, kingdoms, Christ. and states which the Romans had subdued. In short, 3. This smiting has been continued by all the means with every political excellence, it contains the prin- which God in his providence and mercy has used for ciples of its own destruction, and its persecution of the the dissemination of Christianity, from the time of Church of Christ accelerated its ruin,

Constantine to the present : and particularly now, by 4. As the stone represents Christ and his govern- means of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and ing influence, it is here said to be a kingdom, that is, its countless ramifications, and by the numerous misa state of prevailing rule and government ; and was to sionaries sent by Christian societies to almost every arise in the days of those kings or kingdoms, ver. 44. part of the globe. Thus far the kingdom of the stone. And this is literally true; for its rise was when the In ver. 44, the kingdom of the stone, grown into a Roman government, partaking of all the characteristics great mountain and filling the whole earth, is particuof the preceding empires, was at its zenith of imperial larly described by various characters. splendour, military glory, legislative authority, and lite- 1. It is a kingdom which the God of heaven sets up. rary eminence. It took place a few years after the That this means the whole dispensation of the Gospel, battle of Actium, and when Rome was at peace with and the moral effects produced by it in the souls of the whole world, September 2, B. C. 31.

men and in the world, needs little proof; for our Lord, 5. This stone or government was cut out of the referring to this and other prophecies in this book, mountain, arose in and under man government, calls its influence and his Gospel the kingdom of God, Judea being, at the time of the birth of Christ, a Ro- and the kingdom of heaven ; showing thereby that it man province.

iş a kingdom not of this worldnot raised by human 6. It was cut out without hands ; probably alluding ambition, the lust of rule, or military conquest; but a to the miraculous birth of our Lord, but particularly spiritual kingdom, raised and maintained by the grace to the spiritual nature of his kingdom and government, of God himself, in which he himself lives and rules, in which no worldly policy, human maxims, or military governing by his own laws, influencing and directing Nebuchadnezzar's dream

DANIEL.

farther illustrated by his own Spirit ; producing, not wars and conten- s so loved the world that he gave his only-begotten Son, tions, but glory to God in the highest, and on earth that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but peace and good will among men.

have everlasting life for the Son of man is not come 2. This is called the kingdom of heaven, because it to destroy men's lives, but to save." is to be a counterpart of the kingdom of glory. The For his own cause, God fights in the course of his kingdom of God, says the apostle, is righteousness, providence. He depresses one, and exalts another ; peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, (Rom. xiv. 17,;) but permits not his own people to join with him in righteousness, without any sin ; peace, without inward the infliction of judgments. It is by his own Spirit disturbance; joy, without any mental unhappiness. and energy that his kingdom is propagated and mainAn eternity of righteousness, peace, and spiritual joy tained in the world ; and by the same his enemies are constitutes Heaven; nor can we conceive in that state confounded. All false religions, as well as falsified any thing higher or more excellent than these, and corrupted systems of Christianity, have had re

3. This kingdom shall never be destroyed : it is the course to the sword, because they were conscious everlasting Gospel, and the work of the everlasting they had no God, no influence but what was merely God. As it neither originates in nor is dependent on human. the passions of men, it cannot be destroyed. All other 6. The kingdom of Christ breaks in pieces and congovernments, from the imperfection of their nature, sumes all other kingdoms ; that is, it destroys every contain in them the seeds of their own destruction. thing in every earthly government where it is received, Kings die, ministers change, subjects are not perma- that is opposed to the glory of God and the peace and - nent; new relations arise, and with them new mea- happiness of men, and yet in such a way as to leare sures, new passions, and new projects ;- and these pro- all political governments unchanged. No law or prinduce political changes, and often political ruin. But ciple in Christianity is directed against the political this government, being the government of God, cannot code of any country. Britain is Christian without the be affected by the changes and chances to which mor- alteration of her Magna Charla or her constitution. tal things are exposed.

All the other empires, kingdoms, and states on the 4. This: kingdom shall not be left to other people. face of the earth, may become Christian and preserve Every dispensation of God, prior to Christianity, sup- their characteristic forms of political government. If posed another by which it was to be succeeded. 1. there be in them any thing hostile to Christianity, and Holy patriarchs and their families were the first peo- the peace and happiness of the subject, the Wind of ple among whom the kingdom of God was found. 2. God—the Divine Spiril, will fan or winnow it away, Hebrews, in Egypt and in the wilderness, were the so that no more place shall be found for it. But this nert. 3. Jews, in the promised land, were a third he will do in the way of his ordinary providence; and denomination. 4. And after the division of the king- by his influence on their hearts, dispose truly Chrisdoms, captivity, and dispersion of the Jews, the Israel tianized rulers to alter or abrogate whatever their laws of God became a fourth denomination. 5. Under the contain inimical to the mild sway of the sceptre of Gospel, CHRISTIAN is the name of the people of this Christ. kingdom. Every thing in the construction of the Gos- 7. And it shall stand for ever. This is its final pel system, as well as its own declarations, shows that characteristic. It shall prevail over the whole world; it is not to be succeeded by any other dispensation : it shall pervade every government; it shall be the baits name can never be changed; and Christian will be sis of every code of laws ; 'it shall be professed by every the only denomination of the people of God while sun people of the earth : “ The Gentiles shall come to its and moon endure. All former empires have changed, light, and kings to the brightness of its rising." The and the very names of the people have changed with whole earth shall be subdued by its influence, and the them. The Assyrians were lost in the Chaldeans and whole earth filled with its glory, Babylonians; the Babylonians were lost in the Medes ; 8. The actual constitution, establishment, and mainthe Medes in the Persians; the Persians in the Greeks; tenance of this kingdom belong to the LORD; yet he and the Greeks in the Syrians and Egyptians ; these will use human means in the whole administration of in the Romans; and the Romans in the Goths, and a his government. His WORD must be distributed, and variety of other nations. Nor does the name of those that word must be PREACHED. Hence, under God, ancient governments, nor the people who lived under Bibles and missIONARIES are the grand means to be them, remain on the face of the earth in the présent employed in things concerning his kingdom. BiBles day! They are only found in the page of hislory. This must be printed, sent out, and dispersed ; MISSIONARIES, spiritual kingdom shall never be transferred, and the called of God to the work, and filled with the Divine name of its subjects shall never be changed.

Spirit, must be equipped, sent out, and maintained; 5. It shall break in pieces and consume all these therefore erpenses must necessarily be incurred. Here kingdoms, that is, the preaching and influence of the people now of the kingdom must be helpers. It is Christianity shall destroy idolatry universally. They the duty, therefore, of every soal professing Chrisdid so in the Roman empire, which was the epitome tianity to lend a helping hand to send forth the Bible; of all the rest. But this was not done by the sword; and wherever the Bible is sent, to send a missionary, nor by any secular influence. Christians wage. no full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, to enforce its wars for the propagation of Christianity ; for the reli- truths. gion of Christ breathes nothing but love to God, and 9. The duration of the kingdom of the mountain peace and good will to all mankind. The sum of the upon earth. The world has now lasted nearly sis Gospel is contained in these words of Christ : “God thousand years, and a very ancient tradition has pre

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