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The vision of
the typical waters. A. M. 3430. 2 Then brought he me out of the waters were risen, waters
A. M. 3430 B. C. 574.
B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. the way of the gate northward, to swim in, a river that could not Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, and led me about the way with be passed over.
Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
out unto the utter gate by the way 6. And he said unto me, Son of R. Roman., 5. that looketh eastward ; and, behold, there ran man, hast thou seen this ? Then he brought out waters on the right side.
me, and caused me to return to the brink of 3 And when the man that had the line in the river. his hand went forth eastward, he measured a 7 Now when I had returned, behold, at the thousand cubits, and he brought me through bank of the river were very many trees on the waters; the waters were to the ankles. the one side and on the other.
4 Again he measured a thousand, and brought 8 Then said he unto me, These waters issue me through the waters ; the waters were to the out toward the east country, and
down into knees. Again he measured a thousand, and the desert, and go into the sea : which being brought me through; the waters were to the brought forth into the sea, the waters -shall be loins.
healed. 5 Afterward he measured a thousand ; and 9 And it shall come to pass, that every thing it was a river that I could not pass over: for that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the «Chap. xl. 3. Heb. waters of the ankles.- -e Heb. waters of Ver. 12; Rev. xxii. 2.- Or, plain ; see Déut iii. 17; iv. 49; swimming. Heb. lip.
Josh. ii. 16. pipes to the place : but a foụntain producing abundance from that seed. 3. The ear out of that blade. And, of water was not there, and could not be theré, on the 4. The full corn in that ear. top of such a hill; and consequently these waters, as III. It
be applied to the discoveries a penitent well as those spoken of in Joel iii. 18, and in Zech. believer receives of the mercy of God in his salvation. xiv. 8, are to be understood spiritually or lypically ; He is—1. A little child, born of God, born from above, and indeed the whole complexion of the place here and begins to taste the bread of life, and live on the shows, that they are thus to be understood. Taken in heavenly food. 2. He grows up and increases in stathis view, I shall proceed to apply the whole of this ture and strength, and becomes a young man. . 3. He vision to the effusion of light'and salvation by the out- becomes matured in the Divine life, and has his spipouring of the Spirit of God under the Gospel dispen- ritual senses exercised so as to become a father in sation, by which the knowledge of the true God was Christ. In other words, the grace of God appears to multiplied in the earth; and have only one previous come drop by drop; it is given as it can be used; it remark to make, that the farther the waters flowed is a seed of light, and multiplies itself. The penitent from the temple, the deeper they grew.
at first can'scarcely believe the infinite goodness of his With respect to the phraseology of this chapter, it Maker ; he however ventures to follow on with the may be said that St. John had it particularly in view conducting angel, the minister of the Gospel, in his while he wrote his celebrated description of the para- descriptiðns of the plenitude of that salvation, provided dise of God, Rev., xxii. The prophet may therefore in that living Temple in which alone the well-spring be referring to the same thing which the apostle de- of life is to be found. 4. In thus following on to know scribes, viz., the grace of the Gospel, and its effects in the Lord he finds a continual increase of light and life, the world.
till at last he is carried by the streams of grace to the Verse 2. There ran out wàlers] D'ION D'ng mayim ocean of eternal mercy; then mephaccim, the waters seem to have been at first in
« Plunged in the Godhead's deepest sea, small quantity; for the words imply that they oozed
And lost in his immensity.” or dropped out. They were at first so small that they came guttatim, drop by drop; but they increased so, IV. These waters may be considered as a type of that they became a river in which one could swim. the progress which Christianity shall make in the world.
Verses 3–5. He measured a thousand cubits,—the 1. There were only a few poor fishermen. 2. Afterwaters were to the ANKLES ; a thousand more,--the wards many Jews. 3. Then the Gentiles of Asia waters were to the KNEES'; a thousand more,--they Minor and Greece. 4. The continent and isles of became a BIVER that could not be forded. The waters Europe. And, 5. Now spreading through Africa, were risen, and they were waters to swim in. Asia, and America, at present these waters are no
I. This may be applied to the gradual discoveries longer a river, but an immense sea; and the Gospel of the plan of salvation,—1. In the patriarchal ages. fishers are daily bringing multitudes of souls to Christ 2. In the giving of the law. 3. In the ministry of Verse 9. Every thing-whithersoever the rivers John the Baptist. And, 4. In the full manifestation shall come, shall live] Life and salvation shall continuof Christ by the communication of the Holy Ghost. ally accompany the preaching of the Gospel; the death
II. This vision may be applied also to the growth of sin being removed; the life of righteousness shall be of a believer in the grace and knowledge of God. brought in. There is-1. The seed of the kingdom. 2. The blade There shall be a very great multitude of fish) On
B. C. 574.
The dimensions and
limits of the land.
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multitude of fish, because these the fruit thereof shall be for meat, Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
R. Roman., 5. waters shall come thither : for and the leaf thereof 9 for 'medicine. they shall be healed; and every thing shall | 13. Thus saith the Lord God; This shall be live whither the river cometh.
the border, whereby ye shall inherit the land 10 And it shall come to pass, that the fish- according to the twelve tribes of Israel : * Joers shall stand upon it from En-gedi even unto seph shall have two portions. En-eglaim; they shall be a place to spread 14 And ye shall inherit it, one as well as forth nets; their fish shall be according to their another : concerning the which I + lifted up kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding mine hand to give it unto your fathers : and many.
this land shall 'fall unto you for inheritance. 11 But the miry places thereof and the 15 And this shall be the border of the land marshes thereof Ishall not be healed; they toward the north side, from the great sea, w the shall be given to salt.
way of Hethlon, as men go to * Zedad ;
i Heb. two rivers. - Num. Oxxiv. 6; Josh. xxiii. 4; chap. * Gen. xlviii. 5; 1 Chron. v, 1; chap. xlviii. 4, 5.-
Chap. p Or, principal. -9 Or, for bruises sores. Rev. xlviii. 1. - Num. xxxiv..8.-y Num. xxxiv. 8.-:2 Sain. xxii. 2.
viii. . - Or, the middle village. the above plan this must refer to genuine converts to Verse 12. Shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf the Christian faith ; true believers, who have got life shall not fade] A description that suits the righteous, and salvation by the streams of God's grace. The who are still producing-1. The fruits of faith. 2. apostles were fishers of men; converts were the fish The fruits of the Spirit. 3. The fruits of love to God, caught. See below. As the waters flow into the DEĄD obedience to his holy will, and love to all men. BeneSea, where no fish, it is said, can live, its waters must volence, mercy, charity, kindness, &c. be healed, that is, made capable of preserving life; and The leaf thereof for medicine.) See Rev. xxii. 1-5. so its nature be thus far most surprisingly altered. Even the leaves, the holy profession of the righteous,
Verse 10. The fishers shall stand upon it] On the is a spiritual medicine. Righteousness is thus encouabove plan of interpretation these must mean-1. The raged in the world. The profession points out the apostles of our Lord Jesus. 2. The preachers of the salvation, as it shows the nature and sufficiency of that everlasting Gospel. See Matt. iv, 19.
salvation ; for a just creed contains all the articles of From En-gedi] At the southern extremity of the the Christian faith. Dead Sea..
Verse 13. Joseph shall have two portions.) That Unto En-eglaim] At the northern extremity of the is, In Ephraim and Manasseh, his two sons, who each same.
had a separate inheritance. Their fish shall be according to their kinds] Every Verse 15. The way of Héthlon, as men go to Zedad.] kind of fish, and the fish all excellent of their kinds. Probably Hethlon is the same as Cuthlon, a city of All nations, and kindreds, and people shall be called by Syria, between Antioch, and Laodicea, according to the Gospel ; it shall not be an excluding system like that Antoninus. Some of these places are not known; but of Judaism, for its Author tasted death for every man. see the same kind of division, Num. xxxiv. 7-12.
Verse 11. The miry places) “Point out,” says Cal- Verse 16. Hamath] Emesa or Amesa, in Syria.-met, “ the schismatics and heretics who do not live by Calmet. the Spirit of Jesus Christ, but separate from his Church; Berothah) Berytus, now Baruth or Beeroth, which and the evil Christians who dishonour that Church, of David took from Hadarezer, king of Syria, 2 Sam. viii. which they are corrupt members.” A description ap- 8; but these things are very uncertain. plicable to the Roman Catholic Church, that is both Sibraim] Sabarim or Sepharvaim, according to the schismatic and heretic from the Church of Jesus Christ, Syriac, bet een Hamath and Damascus.“ which is bnilt on the foundation of the prophets and Hazar-hatticon] The middle Hazar; or middle vilapostles, Jesus himself being the chief corner stone ; lage, as the margin. for the Church of Rome, leaving this foundation, is now Hauran.) The city Aurana, and the district built on the foundation of councils and traditions, and Auranitis, are in the north-east limit of the Holy lying miracles ; the popes in their succession being its Land. only corner stones.
Verse 17. The border from the sea] The north bor
The portions of
the different tribes. A. M. 3430. Hazar-enan, the border of Da- Hamath. This is the west
A. M. 3430. B. C. 574.
B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. mascus, and the north northward, side.
Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii,
and the border of Hamath. And 21 So shall ye divide this land Servii Tulli, R. Roman., 5. this is the north side.
R. Roman., 5.
unto you according to the tribes 18 And the east side ye shall measure · from of Israel.Hauran, and from Damascus, and from Gilead, 22 And it shall come to pass,
that shall and from the land of Israel by Jordan, from the divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you, border unto the east sea. And this is the east and to the strangers that sojourn among you, side.
which shall beget children among you: and 19 And the south side southward, from Ta- they shall be unto you as born in the country mar even to a the waters of strife in Kadesh, among the children of Israel ; they shall have the f river to the great sea. And this is the inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel. south side 8 southward.
23 And it shall come to pass, that in what 20 The west side also shall be the great sea tribe the stranger sojourneth, there shall ye from the border, till a man come over against give him his inheritance, saith the Lord God.
Num. xxxiv. 9; chap. xlviii. 1. -c Heb. from between. Or, valley. -8 Or, toward Teman. —o Num. xiii. 21; d Num. xx. 13;, Deut. xxxii. 51; Psa. lxxxi. 7; chap. xlviii. 28. xxxiv. 8; Josh. xiii. 5. - See Eph. iii. 6; Rev, vii. 9, 10. e Or, Meribah.
Rom. x. 12; Gal. ii. 28 ; Col. ii. 11. der eastward is ascertained ver. 15, 16; here it is From the border] The southern border, mentioned shown how far it extends itself northward.
ver. 19. Hazar-enan] The village of Enan, Num. xxxiv. 9, Verse 22. And to the strangers that sojourn] In placed to the north of Cæsarea Philippi. Ziphron, see former divisions of the land, no place was given to Num. xxxiv. 9, called Zaphion by the Syriac. strangers ; but in this division, (which seems to have
Verse 18. The east sea] The same as the Dead Sea. no other reference than to the Gospel, for literally such
Verse 19. Tamār] Called Hazazon Tamar, or En- a division never took place,) the strangers are to have gedi, 2 Chron. xx. 2.
an inheritance ; intimating the calling of the Gentiles The river] Besor, which runs into the sea near into the Church of Christ, to an inheritance that is inGaza.
corruptible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away. Glory Verse 20. The great sea] The Mediterranean. be to God for his unspeakable gift! Amen. Amen.
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5. This chapter contains a description of the several portions of the land belonging to each tribe, together with
the portion allotted to the sanctuary, city, suburb, and prince, 1-29; as also the measure and gates of the new city, 30–35.
NOW these are the names of east side unto the west side, a Olymp. LI. 3. the tribes. From the north portion for Manasseh.
Olymp. LI. 3. Servü Tullii,
end to the coast of the way of 5 And by the border of Manas- Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
Hethlon, as one goeth to Hamath, seh, from the east side unto the
2 And by the border of Dan, from the east Reuben.
3 And by the border of Asher, from the east east side unto the west side, a portion for
8 And by the border of Judah, from the east 4 And by the border of Naphtali, from the side unto the west side, shall be the offering a Chap. xlvii. 15, &c. b Heb. one portion.
Chap. xlv. 1-6.
Verse 9. The oblation] This was a portion of land-twen-
tined for the use of the priests, the Levites, and the prince.
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B. C. 574.
Division of the land
among the tribes. which ye shall offer of five and the north side four thousand and
A. M. 3430. Olymp. Ll. 3. twenty thousand reeds in breadth, five hundred, and the south side Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, and in length as one of the other four thousand and five hundred, Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
R. Roman., 5. parts, from the east side unto the and on the east side four thousand west side : and the sanctuary shall be in the and five hundred, and the west side four thoumidst of it.
sand and five hundred. 9 The oblation that ye shall offer unto the 17 And the suburbs of the city shall be LORD shall be of five and twenty thousand in toward the north two hundred and fifty, and length, and of ten thousand in breadth. toward the south two hundred and fifty, and
10 And for them, even for the priests, shall toward the east two hundred and fifty, and be this holy oblation ; toward the north five toward the west two hundred and fifty. and twenty thousand in length, and toward the 18 And the residue in length over against west ten thousand in breadth, and toward the the oblation of the holy portion shall be ten east ten thousand in breadth, and toward the thousand eastward, and ten thousand westward : south five and twenty thousand in length: and it shall be over against the oblation of the and the sanctuary of the LORD shall be in the holy portion; and the increase thereof shall midst thereof.
be for food unto them that serve the city. 11 d It shall be for the priests that are 19 And they that serve the city shall serve sanctified of the sons of Zadok; which have it out of all the tribes of Israel. kept my f charge, which went not astray when 20 All the oblation shall be five and twenty the children of Israel went astray, 6 as the thousand by five and twenty thousand : ye Levites went astray.
shall offer the holy oblation foursquare, with 12 And this oblation of the land that is offered the possession of the city. shall be unto them a thing most holy by the 21 m And the residue shall be for the prince, border of the Levites.
on the one side and on the other of the holy 13 And over against the border of the priests oblation, and of the possession of the city, the Levites shall have five and twenty thousand over against the five and twenty thousand of in length, and ten thousand in breadth : all the the oblation toward the east border, and westlength shall be five and twenty thousand, and ward over against the five and twenty thousand the breadth ten thousand.
toward the west border, over against the por14 b And they shall not sell of it, neither ex- tions for the prince : and it shall be the holy change nor alienate the first-fruits of the land : oblation ; 'n and the sanctuary of the house for it is holy unto the LORD.
shall be in the midst thereof. 15 i And the five thousand that are left in the 22 Moreover from the possession of the breadth over against the five and twenty thou- Levites, and from the possession of the city sand, shall be ka profane place for the city, for being in the midst of that which is the prince's, dwelling, and for suburbs : and the city shall between the border of Judah and the border be in the midst thereof.
of Benjamin, shall be for the prince. 16 And these shall be the measures thereof; 23 As for the rest of the tribes from the Chap. xliv. 15. Or, The sanctified portion shall be for the Exod. xxii. 29; Lev. xxvii. 10, 28, 33.- Chap. xlv. 6. priests. - Or, ward, or ordinance. -- Chap. xliv. 10..
kChap. xlii. 20.-. Chap. xlv. 6.—M Chap. xlv.7.- Ver. 8, 10. Verse 15. And the five thousand that are left] The for fields and gardens appointed for the support of those territory of the Levites was twenty-five thousand square lay servants. On which we may remark, there was no cubits, ver. 20. But their city was only four thousand cultivated land between the portion of the Levites and five hundred square cubits, see ver. 13 and 16; there that of the prince, but only on the east and west sides. remained, therefore, ten thousand cubits square to be See chap. xlv. 6, and the map FF. divided, of which five thousand cubits in breadth, by · Verse 21. And the residue—for the prince] His twenty-five thousand in length, on the east and west portion was alongside that of the Levites, from west sides, were reserved for a sort of second city; or for to east ; these were on each-side twenty-five thousand suburbs where laymen might dwell who were employed cubits in length, from the east to the west, by twelve by those priests and Levites who lodged in the temple thousand five hundred cubits in breadth from north to and in the city, ver. 18. And another space of one south. The space both above and below was equal, thousand cubits in breadth, by twenty-five thousand in between the tribe of Judah and that of Benjamin to length, which extended only from north to south, was north and south; and the portion of the Levites, which
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Conclusion of the
description of the temple. east side unto the west side, Ben-I on the north side, four thousand Olymp. LI. 3. jamin shall have a portion. and five hundred measures. Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii,
24 And by the border of Benja- 31 • And the gates of the city Servii Tullit, R. Roman., 5, min, from the east side unto the shall be after the names of the
R. Roman., 5. west side, Simeon shall have a portion. . tribes of Israel : three gates northward; one
25 And by the border of Simeon, from the gate of Reuben, one gate of Judah, one gate east side unto the west side, Issachar a portion of Levi.
26 And by the border of Issachar, from the 32 And at the east side four thousand and five east side unto the west side, Zebulun a portion. hundred: and three gates; and one gate of
27 And by the border of Zebulun, from the Joseph, one gate of Benjamin, one gate of Dan. east side unto the west side, Gad a portion. 33 And at the south side four thousand and
28 And by the border of Gad, at the south five hundred measures : and three gates; one side southward, the border shall be even from gate of Simeon, one gate of Issachar, one gate Tamar unto P the waters of a strife in Kadesh, of Zebulun. and to the river toward the great sea.
34 At the west side four thousand and five 29 This is the land which ye shall divide hundred, with their three gates; one gate of by lot, unto the tribes of Israel for inheritance, Gad, one gate of Asher, one gate of Naphtali. and these are their portions, saith the Lord 35 It was round about eighteen thousand God.
measures : t and the name of the city from 30 And these are the goings out of the city that day shall be, « The Lord is there.
• Heb. one portion.- pChap. xlvii. 19. — - Heb. Meribah-ka. u Heb. Jehovah-shammah ; see Exod. xvii. 15; Judg, ri. 24. desh. -- Chap. xlvii. 14, 21, 22.- Rev. xxi. 12, &c. - Jer. Psa. ii. 6; ix. Il ; lxxvi. 2 ; xcix. 2; Jer. ii, 17; Joel u. 21; xxxiii. 16.
Zech. ii. 10; Rev. xxi. 3 ; xxii. 3.
See the map.
had Judah and Benjamin to the north and south, and worship. I. The Holy Land, as described chap. xlvi. the portion of the prince to the east and to the west, and xlviii., according to the original grant, being about
two hundred and fifty miles long, north and south, and Verse 28. From Tamar-in Kadesh] · The former about one hundred and fifty miles wide, is divided, by was on the south of the Dead Sea; and the latter, or parallel lines east and west, to the twelve tribes, each Kadesh-Barnea, was still farther south, and at the ex- of them having a portion twenty miles wide. Only tremity of the portion of Gad, which was the most between Judah and Benjamin, there is a holy portion southern tribe, as Dan was the most northern. near ten miles wide; in the middle of which is the
Verse 30. These are the goings out] Each of the holy oblation, twenty-five thousand cubits; that is, about four sides of the city was four thousand five hundred ten miles square for the priests, Levites, city, and temcubits long. There were three gates on each side, as ple, chap. xlv. 1 ; xlviii. 8; the two ends are for the mentioned below; and the whole circumference of the prince, chap. xlv. 7, &c. II. The holy oblation, lying city was-eighteen-thousand cubits. See the map, plan in the middle of the holy portion, is twenty-five thouB. dddd.
sand cubits square, which is near ten miles; of which - The rector of New Haven College, in New England, ten thousand cubits, or four miles, are taken off from supposes the preceding representations to refer to the the north side for a habitation for the priests, and as happy state of the Church in whạt is called the Mil- much for the Levites on the south side, chap. xlv. 4, lennium. Leaving this period out of the question, the 5, and xlviii. 20; and five thousand cubits in the midfollowing observations are worthy of notice :
dle for the city portion, chap. xlv. 6; in the middle of “The Jews, for whom this vision was intended, which is the city, four thousand five hundred cubits would conceive their country to be divided to the twelve square, which is nearly two miles, chap. xlvii. 15, 16. tribes, in lots of a regular and mathematical form ; and Round about this is left two hundred and fifly cubits, not confused or intermixed, as in Joshua's time. Their near thirty rods, for suburbs, ver. 17. The remaining city laid out larger than before ; and exactly four-square, ten thousand cubits on the east side, and the len thouwith regular suburbs; the temple and appendages much sand cubits on the west side, are for the profit of those more commodious for their sacrifices, and the habita- who serve the city, out of all the tribes, ver. 18, 19. tions of the priests and Levites regularly formed round The sanctuary is in the inidst of the city, chap. xlvini. about the temple. So that this whole plan of the di- 8. Ill. The sanctuary or temple, and its appendages, vision of the country, laying out of the city, temple, were entirely surrounded with a wall sir cubits high and all the appendages, appears to be perfectly regular and six cubits thick, chap. xl. 5; and five hundred cuand uniform, as if it were drawn all at one time, and bits long on each side, chap. xlii. 15, &c., and xlv. 2. by one hand, who had power to effect it; and therefore in the middle square stands the temple, which was surconveyed to the Jews the most complete idea they were rounded by a wall one hundred cubits long on each side, capable of conceiving of the most perfect church, com- chap. xli. 13, and six cubits thick, chap. xli. 6. The monwealth, city, temple, and conveniences, for Divine side-chambers on the outside four cubits, ver. 6. The