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Various ordinances


and regulations.

A. M. 3430.

B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3.


sanctuary, 5 unto the inner court, and fevery & dedicated thing in

A. M. 3430.

B. C. 574. to minister in the sanctuary, - he Israel shall be theirs.

Olymp. LI. 3.

Anno Servii Tullii, shall offer his sin-offering, saith 30. And the first i of all the Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. the Lord God. first-fruits of all things, and every

R. Roman., 5. 28 And it shall be unto them for an inherit- oblation of all, of every sort of your oblations,

, ance: I dam their inheritance :, and ye shall shall be the priest's : k ye shall also give unto give them no possession in Israel : I am their the priest the first of your dough, that he may possession.

cause the blessing to rest in thine house. 29 • They shall eat the meat-offering, and 31 The priest shall not eat of any thing that is the sin-offering, and the trespass-offering ; m dead of itself, or torn, whether it be fowlor beast.

b Ver. 17. — Lev. iv.3.- -- Num. xviii. 20; Deut. x. 9; xviii. Or, chief. i Exod. xiii. 2; xxii. 29, 30; xxiii. 19; Num. 1, 2; Josh. xiii. 14, 33. Lev. vi. 18, 29; vii. 6.-Lev. ii. 13; xviii. 12, 13. - Num. xv. 20; Neh. x. 37. Prov. xxvi. 21, 28, compared with Num. xviii. 14. + Or, devoted. iii. 9, 10; Mal. ii. 10. - Exod. xxii. 31; Lev. xxii. 8.

Hindoo now, as it formerly did a Jew; and they must sidered as the Lord's property, and these he gave to bathe to become clean again.

them; and this is always implied in the Lord's being Verse 28. I am their inheritance) Those who affect their inheritance and their possession. They had a to form their ecclesiastical matters on the model of the plentiful support. Jewish Church have with one consent left this out of. Hitherto tithes have been thought the best mode of the question. They will not live on the free-will of- paying the clergy, and providing for the poor of each ferings of the people; but must have vast revenues, parish; but these matters have undergone such alterand these secured to them by law. That every minisations since the time of their institution, that some ter of God should be supported by the altar I grant ; emendation of the system is at present absolutely nebut I think, instead of that method of paying the paro- cessary. chial clergy which I see is so much objected to, and There should be a public acknowledgment of God breeds so much dissension between the pastors and in every nation, and this should be provided for by the their focks, it would be better, on these accounts, to state in a way the least burdensome to the people, that assign them a portion of land adequate to their supply, all may rejoice in the benefit. Happy the nations that or let the state maintain them as it does its other offi- have a Bible so correct, and a Liturgy so pure, as cers.

In Israel God was their inheritance and their those in the British empire! In such cases, a religion possession ; but they had the breast and shoulder of established by the state is an unutterable blessing to all sin-offerings and trespass-offerings, and all dedicated the nation ; only keep it to the Bible, and to the Lithings were theirs; and they had a portion of all the turgy, and all, under God, will be well; but when the dough that was prepared for bread. These were con- sermon is against these, all is bad.




The several portims of land appointed for the sanctuary, 1–5, the city, 6, and the prince, 7, 8. Regula

tions concerning the weights and measures, 9-12; with ordinances respecting the provisions for the ordinary and extraordinary sacrifices, 13-25. A. M. 3430.

A. M. 3430. B. C. 574. MOREOVER, * when ye shall shall be holy in all the borders

B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. • divide by lot the land for thereof round about.

Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii,

inheritance, ye shall offer an 2 Of this there shall be for the sanc- Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.

oblation unto the Lord, a holy tuary five hundred in length, with R. Roman., 5. portion of the land : the length shall be the five hundred in breadth, square round about; and length of five and twenty thousand reeds, fifty cubits round about for the fsuburbs thereof. and the breadth shall be ten thousand. This 3 And of this measure shalt thou measure * Heb. when ye cause the land to fall.- - Chap. xlvii. 22. d Hebrew, holiness.- Chapter xlii. 20. Or, Chap. xlviii. 8.

void places. NOTES ON CHAP. XLV.

the service of the temple, the use of the priests, and Verse 1. When ye shall divide by lor] That is, the prince or governor of the people. A division of the when on your repossessing your land, every family whole land is not intended. settles according to the allotment which they formerly Verse 2. Of this there shall be for the sanctuary) had; for it is certain that the land was not divided See the plan, A. afresh by lot after the Babylonish captivity. The al- Verse 3. And of this measure] See the plan, A, lotment mentioned and described here was merely for B, C, D, E.

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A. M. 3430.
B. C. 574



Various ordinances


and regulations. A. M. 3430.

the length of five and twenty take away your "exactions from
B. C. 574.
Olymp. LI. 3. thousand, and the breadth of ten my people, saith the Lord Olymp. LI. 3.
Servii Tullii,
thousand : 8 and in it shall be the God.'

Servi Tullii,
R. Roman., 5.

sanctuary and the most holy place. 10 Ye shall have just " balances, R. Roman., 5.
4 The holy portion of the land shall be for and a just ephah, and a just bath.
the priests the ministers of the sanctuary, 11 The ephah and the bath shall be of one
which shall come near to minister unto the measure, that the bath may contain the tenth
Lord: and it shall be a place for their part of an homer, and the ephah the tenth
houses, and a holy place for the sanctuary. part of an homer : the measure thereof shall

5 i And the five and twenty thousand of length, be after the homer.
and the ten thousand of breadth, shall also | 12 And the shekel shall be twenty gerahs :
the Levites, the ministers of the house, have twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen
for themselves, for a possession for k twenty shekels shall be your maneh.

13 This is the oblation that ye shall offer:
6 And ye shall appoint the possession of the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of
the city five thousand broad, and five and wheat, and ye shall give the sixth part of an
twenty thousand long, over against the obla- ephah of an homer of barley :
tion of the holy portion : it shall be for the 14 Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath
whole house of Israel.

of oil, ye shall offer the tenth part of a bath 7 m And a portion shall be for the prince on out of the cor, which is an homer of ten baths; the one side and on the other side of the obla. for ten bạths are an homer : tion of the holy portion, and of the possession 15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of of the city, before the oblation of the holy two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; portion, and before the possession of the city, for a meat-offering, and for a burnt-offering, from the west side westward, and from the and for peace-offerings, to make reconeast side eastward : and the length shall be ciliation for them, saith the Lord God. over against one of the portions, from the west 16. All the people of the land w shall give border unto the east border.

this oblation for the prince in Israel. 8 In the land shall be his possession in Israel: | 17. And it shall be the prince's part to give and my princes shall no more oppress my burnt-offerings, and meat-offerings, and drinkpeople ; and the rest of the land shall they offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, give to the house of Israel according to their and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the tribes.

house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin9 Thus saith the Lord God;. • Let it suffice offering, and the meat-offering, and the burntyou, O princes of Israel : ” remove violence offering, and the 'peace-offerings, to make reand spoil

, and execute judgment and justice, conciliation for the house of Israel.
6 Chap. xlviii. 10.Ver. 1; chap. xlviii. 10, &c.

1 Heb. espulsions. -- Lev. xix. 35, 36 ; Prov. xi. I.
- See chap. xl. 17.- Chap. xlviii. 15.-mCh. xxx. 13; Lev. xxvii. 25; Num. ui. 47.-! Or, kid.
Chap. xlvi. 18; see Jer. xxii. 17; chap. xxii. 27. thank-nfferings.

Heb, shall be for.-
• Chap. xliv. 6.- Jer. xxii. 3.

with. y Or, thank-offerings. Verse 4. The holy portion) See the plan, A. Verse 9. Take away your exactions from my peo

Verse 5. And the five and twenty thoù sand] See ple] This is the voice of Godto all the rulers of the the plan, B.

earth. Verse 6. Ye shall appoint! See the plan, FF. Take away your exactions ; do not oppress the peo

Verse 7. A portion shall be for the prince)' **ple; they are mine. Abolish all oppressive taxes. nasi, he who had the authority of chief magistrate ; for Verse 10. Ye shall have just balances] This apprethere was neither king nor prince among the Jews after ciation of weights, measures, and money was intended the Babylonish captivity. For these allotments and to show them that they must not introduce those to divisions, see the plan, EE, FF, GG.

which they had been accustomed in the captivity, but Verse 8. My princes shall no more oppress my those which God had prescribed to their forefathers. people] By exorbitant taxes to maintain profligate See the notes on the parallel places. courts, or subsidize other powers to help to keep up Verse 16. Allthis oblation for the prince) A a system of tyranny in the earth. The former princes present or offering to the prince. even robbed the temple of God to give subsidies to Verse. 18. Thou shalt take a young bullock-and other states.

cleanse the sanctuary.) There is nothing of this in

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w Chap

xlviii. 13.
xlviii. 21.


Or, -Or,

- Lev. i. 4.

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A, M. 3430.
B. C. 574.

A. M. 3430,
B. C. 574.



R. Roman., 5.

R. Roman., 5.

Ordinances for the prince,


and for the people, 18 Thus saith the Lord God: 22 And upon that day shall Olymp. LI. 3. In the first month, in the first the prince prepare for himself Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, day of the month, thou shalt take and for all the people of the land Servii Tullii,

a young bullock without blemish, d a bullock for a sin-offering. and cleanse the sanctuary.

23 And • seven days of the feast he shall 19 . And the priest shall take of the blood prepare a burnt-offering to the Lord, seven of the sin-offering, and put it upon the posts bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily of the house, and upon the four corners of the the seven days; fand a kid of the goats daily settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the for a sin-offering. gate of the inner court.

24 & And he shall prepare a meat-offering of 20 And so thou shalt do the seventh day of an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a the month b for every one that erreth, and for ram, and a hin of oil for an ephałı. him that is simple : so shall ye reconcile the 25 In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day house.

of the month, shall he do the like in the h feast 21 ° In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the seven days, according to the sinof the month, ye shall have the passover, a offering, according to the burnt-offering, and feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall according to the meat-offering, and according be eaten.

to the oil.

Lev. xvi. 16. Chap. xliii. 20.- Lev. iv. 27. d Lev. iv. 14. -e Lev. xxiii. 8. See Num. xxviii. 15, 22, € Exod. xii. 18; Lev. xxiii. 5, 6; Num. ix. 2, 3; xxviii. 16, 17; 30; xxix. 5, 11, 16, 19, &c. * Chap. xlvi. 5, 7.

h Lev. xxill. Deut. xvi. I, &c.

33; Num. xxix. 12; Deut. xvi. 13.

the Mosaic law; it seems to have been a new cere- the feast of tabernacles the same things that he was mony. An annual purification of the sanctuary may desired to do on the passover. The prince should be intended.

offer the same number of victims, of the same quality, Verse 20. For him that is simple) That wants ún- and with the same ceremonies, as during the above derstanding to conduct himself properly.

seven days. The offerings were, sin-offerings, burntVerse 25. In the seventh month] He shall do at offerings, and peace-offerings.''


A. M. 3430
B. C. 574.



Ordinances of worship prescribed for the prince and for the people, 1-15; and the gifts he may bestow on his sons and servants, 16–18. A description of the courts appointed for boiling of baking any part of the holy oblations, 19–24. 13. M. 3430 THUS saith the Lord God; of the gate; then he shall go Olymp. LI. 3.

The gate of the inner court forth : but the gate shall not be Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, that looketh toward the east shall shut until the evening.

Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.

be shut the six working days.; 3 Likewise the people of the R. Roman., 5. but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in land shall worship at the door of this gate the day of the new moon it shall be opened. before the Lord in the sabbaths and in the 2 . And the prince shall enter by the way

of new moons.. the porch of that gate without, and shall stand 4. And the burnt-offering that the prince by the post of the gate, and the priest shall shall offer unto the Lord in the sabbath day prepare · his burnt-offering and his peaee- shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold without blemish. a Chap. xliv. 3 ;.ver. 8.

Chap. xlv. 17.

not. acknowledge God in all his ways. Verse 4. The burnt-offering that the prince shall |' wonder that those lands mourn, where neither the offer] The chief magistrate was always obliged to at- established priest nor the civil magistrate either tend the public worship of God, as well as the priest, fear or love God. Ungodly priests and profligate to show that the civil and ecclesiastical states were magistrates are a curse to any land. In no country both under the same government of the Lord; and that have I found both so exemplary for uprightness, as in no one was capable of being prince or priest, who did | Britain.

It is no B. C. 574.

B. C. 574.

Ordinances for the prince,


and for the people. A. M. 3430. 5 e And the meat-offering shall voluntarily unto the Lord, hone

A. M. 3430. Olymp. LI. 3. an ephah for a ram, and the shall then open him the gate that Olymp. LI. 3. Servu Tullii, meat-offering for the lambs das looketh toward the east, and he Servii Tullii, K. Roman., 5. he shall be able to give, and a shall prepare his burnt-offering

R. Roman., 5. hin of oil to an ephah.

and his peace-offerings, as he did on the 6 And in the day of the new moon it shall sabbath day: then he shall go forth; and be a young bullock without blemish, and six after his going forth one shall shut the gate. lambs, and a ram : they shall be without 13 i Thou shalt daily prepare a burnt-offering blemish.

unfo the Lord of a lamb of the first year 7 And he shall prepare a meat-offering, an without blemish : thou shalt prepare it 'every ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for 'a ram, morning. and for the lambs according as his hand shall 14 And thou shalt prepare a meat-offering attain unto, and a hin of oil to an ephah. for it every morning, the sixth part of an

8 e And when the prince - shall enter, he ephah, and the third part of a hin of oil, to shall go in by the way of the porch of that temper with the fine flour; a meat-offering gate, and he shall go forth by the way thereof. continually by a perpetual ordinance unto

9 But when the people of the land 'shall the LORD. come before the Lord in the solemn feasts, 15 Thus shall they prepare the lamb; and the he that entereth in by the way of the north meat-offering, and the oil, every morning for gate to worship shall go out by the way of a continual burnt-offering. the south gâte; and he that entereth by the 16 Thus saith the Lord God; If the prince way of the south gate shall go forth by the give a gift unto any of his sons, the inheritance way of the north gate : he shall not return by thereof shall be his sons'; it shall be their the way of the gate whereby he came in, but possession by inheritance. shall go forth over against it.

17 But if he give a gift of his inheritance 10 And the prince in the midst of them, to one of his servants, then it shall be his to when they go in, shall go in; and when they r the year of liberty; after it shall return to go forth, shall go forth.

the prince; but his inheritance shall be his 11 And in the feasts and in the solemnities sons' for them. 8 the meat-offering shall be an ephah to a bul- 18 Moreover the prince shall not take of lock, and an ephah to a ram, and to the lambs the people's inheritance by oppression, to as he is able to give, and a hin of oil to an thrust them out of their possession ; 'but he ephah.

shall give his sons' inheritance out of his own 12 Now when the prince shall prepare a possession : that my people be not scattered voluntary burnt-offering or 'peace-offerings every man from his possession.

c Chap. xlv. 29; ver. 7, 11.- d Heb. the gift of his hand ; Chap. xliv. 3; ver. 2. Exod. xxix. 38; Num. xxviii. 3. Deut. xvi. 17.Exod. xxiii. 14-17; Deut. xvi. Heb. a son of his Heb. morning by morning.- a Lev.

xxv. 10. Chap. xlv. 8. Verse 7. According as his hand shall attain unto] great deal of confusion, where so many people must According to his ability, to what the providence of God have jostled each other, in their meetings in different has put in his hand, i. e., his power. This proportion parts of this space. of offerings is different from that prescribed by the Mo- 'Verse 10. And the prince in the midst of them) Even saic law, Num. xv. 4-12..

he shall act in the same way: he must also go straight Verse 9. He that entereth in by the way of the north, forward, and never turn his back to go out at the same fc.) As the north and the south gates were opposite gate by which he entered. The prince and the people to each other, he. that came in at the north must go were to begin and end their worship at the same time. out at the south ; he that came in at the south must Verse 13. Thou shalt prepare it every morning.) go out at the north. No person was to come in at The evening offering is entirely omitted, which makes the east gate, because there was no gate at the west ; an important difference between this and the old laws. and the people were not permitted to turn round and See Exod. xxix. 31–46. go out at the same place by which they came in ; for Verse 17. To the year of liberty) That is, to the this was like turning their backs on God, and the de- year of jubilee, called the year of liberty, because corum and reverence with which public worship was there was then a general release. All servants had to be conducted would not admit of this. Besides, their liberty, and all alienated estates returned to their returning by the same way must have occasioned a former owners.

e Ver. 2.



Ver. 5.

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B. C. 574.



The vision of

the holy waters. A. M. 3430.

19 After he brought me through ners of the court; and, behold, Olymp. LI. 3. the entry, which was at the side in every corner of the court Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, of the gate, into the holy cham- there was a court.

Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. bers of the priests, which looked 22 In the four corners of the

R. Koman., 5. toward the north : and, þehold, there was a court there were courts s joined of forty cubits place on the two sides westward.

long and thirty broad : these four ' corners were 20 Then said he unto me, This is the place of one measure. where the priests shall boil the trespass- 23 And there was a row of building round offering and the sin-offering, where they shall about in them, round about them four, and it Pbake the meat-offering; that they bear them was made with boiling places under the rows not out into the utter court, 9 tó, sanctify the round about. people.

24 Then said he unto me, These are the 21 Then he brought me forth into the utter places of them that boil, where the ministers of court, and caused me to pass by the four cor- the house shall u boil the sacrifice of the people.

02 Chron. xxxv. 13. p Lev. ii. 4, 5, 7.--Chap. xliv. 19. s Or, made with chimneys.- - Heb. cornered. See ver. 20; · Heb. a court in a corner of a court, and a court in a corner of a court. Lev. vin. 31; 1 Kings xix. 21 ; 2 Kings vi. 29.

Verse 19. He brought me through the entry) The ferings for sins of commission and ignorance, and the prophet had entered by the north gate of the court of offerings of flour with which they were accompanied. the priests, where he had seen, a little before, the glory Verse 20. The trespass-offering] Part of this, and of the Lord, and where he had received all those di- of the sin-offering, and the flour-offering, was the porrections from chap. xliv. 4, 5, to this chapter. From tion of the priests. See Num. xviii. 9, 10. that gate, (see plan Q,) he entered the vestibule by a Verse 23. It was made with boiling places] These gate which was by the side of the apartments of the were uncovered apartments, where they kept fires for priests, which were along this aisle, (see S,) to the dressing those parts of the peace-offerings, which right of the vestibule towards the west. At the ex- were made in the temple by individuals through a tremity of a row of chambers, he remarked, at the principle of devotion. On these their families and west, the place where they boiled the flesh of the sin- their friends feasted; and portions were sent to the offerings, (see T.) They did not boil there the flesh poor, the widows, and the orphans. And thus the of all sorts of victims, there were other kitchens ap- spirit of devotion was the means of preserving the pointed for that, (see PP :) but that only which could spirit of mercy, charity, and benevolence in the land. not be eaten but in the outer court, and by the priests How true is that word, “Godliness is profitable for which were sanctified; such were the parts of the of all things !"


The vision of the holy waters issuing out of the temple, and their virtue; an emblem of the power of God's

grace under the Gospel, capable of healing all but the incorrigibly impenitent, represented by the marshy ground that cannot be healed, 1-12. Also a description of the several divisions of the Holy Land indiscriminately shared betwixt Jews and proselytes ; to denote that in after times the privileges now enjoyed by the Jews should be also extended to the Gentiles, 13-23.


FTERWARD he brought me of the house stood toward the Olymp. LI. 3.

again unto the door of the east, and the waters came down 'Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tulli; house; and, behold, a waters is- from under from the right side Servis Tullii, R. Roman., 5.

sued out from under the b thresh-'|of the house, at the south side of R. Roman., 5. old of the house eastward : for the fore front the altar.

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B. C. 574.


a Joel ii. 18; Zech. xiii. 1; xiv. 8; Rev. xxii. I.

b Psa. lxxxiv. 10, in the margin..

south of the altar of burnt-offerings on the right of the Verse 1. Behold, waters issued out from under the temple, ran from the west to the east, that they might threshold] Ezekiel, after having made the whole com- fall into the brook Kidron, and thence be carried into pass of the court of the people, is brought back by the the Dead Sea, Literally, no such waters were eveç in north gate into the courts of the priests; and, having the temple; and because there were none, Solomon had reached the gate of the temple, he saw waters which what is called the brazen sea made, which held water had their spring under the threshold of that gate, that for the use of the temple. It is true that the water, looked towards the east; and which, passing to the which supplied this sea might have been brought by


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