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The glory of the Lord
returns to the temple. and, as the building was square, the area must have j was that in which men, women, Gentiles, pure or imbeen nearly thirteen thousand paces. No wonder this pure, might be admitted. Josephus says, War, lib. vi., was called a city. See chap. xl. 2.
c., 14, that in his time there was a wall built before Verse 20. It had a wall round about to make a the entrance three cubits high, on which there were separation between the sanctuary and the profane place.) posts fixed at certain distances, with inscriptions on The holy place was that which was consecrated to the them in Latin and Greek, containing the laws which Lord; into which no heathen, nor stranger, nor any in enjoined purity on those that entered ; and forbidding a state of impurity, might enter. The profane place all strangers to enter, on pain of death. See Calmet.
B. C. 574.
The glory of the Lord is represented as returning to the temple, 1-6; where God promises to fir his resi
dence, if the people repent and forsake those sins which caused him to depart from them, 7-12. Then the measures of the altar, and the ordinances relating to it, are set down, 13–27.
A. M. 3430. 8. M. 392. AFTERWARD he brought me house by the way of the gate Olymp. LI. 3.
to the gate, even the gate whose prospect is toward the east. Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii,
a that looketh toward the east : 5 So the spirit took me up, Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
2- And, behold, the glory of the and brought me into the inner R. Roman., 5. God of Israel came from the way of the east : court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD and « his voice was like a noise of many wa- filled the house. ters: d and the earth shined with his glory, 6 And I heard him speaking unto me out of
3 And it was according to the appearance the house ; and m the man stood by me. of the vision which I saw, even according to 7. And he said unto me, Son of man, - the the vision that I saw f. when I came s to de- place of my throne, and the place of the soles stroy the city: and the visions were like the of my feet, p where I will dwell in the midst vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy I fell upon my face.
name shall the house of Israel - a no more 4 · And the glory of the LORD came into the defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their
a Chap. x. 19; xliv. 1 ; xlvi. I:- -b Chap. xi. 23. Chap. i. i See chap. x. 19; xliv. 2. Lk Chap. iii. 12, 14 ; vui, 3. 24 ; Rev. i. 154 xiv. 2; xix. 1, 6., d Chap. x. 4; Rev. xvii. 1.!! Kings viii. 10, 11; chap. xliv. 4. m Chap. xl. 3.-Psa. e Chap. i. 4, 28; viii. 4.- - Or, when I came to prophesy that xcix. 1. ol Chron. xxviii. 2; Psa. xcix. 5. Exod. Ixir. the city should be destroyed ; see chap. ix. 1, 5.- So Jer. i. 10. 45; Psa. Ixvii. 16; cxxxii. 14; Joel ii. 17; John i. 14; 2 Cor. + Chap. i. 3; iï. 23.
vi. 16, -9 Chap. xxxix. 7.
NOTES ON CHAP. XLIII.
unsearchable riches of Christ! . What spiritual temVerse 2. The glory of the God of Israel came from ples have been raised, beautified, and filled with the the way of the east) This was the chariot of cherubim, glory of God! And this light is shining and burning wheels, &c., which he saw at the river Chebar. And more and more unto the perfect day, when the whole this glory, coming from the east, is going to enter into earth shall be filled with the glory of God! the eastern gate of the temple, and thence to shine out Verse 7. Son of man, the place of my throne] The upon the whole earth. Is there not a mystery here? throne refers to his majesty; the soles of his feet, to his All knowledge, all religion, and all arts and sciences, condescension in dwelling among men. have travelled, according to the course of the sun, FROM Where I will dwell in the midst of the children of EAST TO west! From that quarter the Divine glory Israel] The tabernacle and temple were types of the at first came ; and thence the rays of Divine light con- incarnation of Jesus Christ : '“ Destroy THIS TEMPLE, tinue to diffuse themselves over the face of the earth, and after three days I will raise it úp ;-but this he From thence came the Bible, and through that the new spake of the temple of his body;" John ü. 19, 21. covenant. From thence came the prophets, the apos- And in THÁT TEMPLE " dwelt all the fulness of the tles, and the first missionaries, that brought the know-Godhead bodily." Into this immaculate humanity did ledge of God to Europe, to the isles of the sea, and the glory of the Supreme God enter; and thus, “God to the west first, and afterwards to these northern re- was, in Christ 'reconciling the world unto himself." gions.
And this Jesus is Immanuel, God with us. In him Verse 5. The spirit took me up] And, to follow we find united the ineffable majesty of God, with the this thought for a moment, how many men has this abjectness of man. He humbled himself in human heavenly Spirit taken up; filled them with his own in- nature, not only to bear the form of a servant, but to fluence, and sent them to every country, and nation, suffer death upon the cross as a malefactor slave! But and tongue, and people, to testify the Gospel of the by these means he has purchased eternal redemption grace of God, and 10 preach among the Gentiles the) for us; and the spiritual Israel, who find redemption
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to the people. A. M. 3430.
whoredom, nor by the carcasses may keep the whole form thereof, A. M. 3430 B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. of their kings in their high places. and all the ordinances thereof, and Olymp. LI. 3.
Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. threshold by my thresholds, and 12 This is the law of the house;
R. Roman., 5. their post by my posts, and the wall between Upon the top of the mountain the whole limit me and them, they have even defiled my holy thereof round about shall be most holy. Bename by their abominations that they have com- hold, this is the law of the house. mitted : wherefore I have consumed them in 13 And these are the measures of the altar mine anger.
after the cubits; 2 The cubit is a cubit and a 9 Now let them put away their whoredom, hand breadth; even the bottom shall be a and the carcasses of their kings, far from me, cubit, and the breadth a cubit, and the border and I will dwell in the midst of them for thereof by the edge thereof 'round about
shall be a span: and this shall be the higher 10 Thou son of man, show the house to the place of the altar. house of Israel, that they may be ashamed 14 And from the bottom upon the ground of their iniquities : and let them measure the even to the lower settle shall be two cubits, pattern.
and the breadth one cubit; and from the lesser 11 And if they be ashamed of all that they settle even to the greater settle shall be four have done, show them the form of the house, cubits, and the breadth one cubit. and the fashion thereof, and the goings out 15 So the altar shall be four cubits; and thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all from the altar and upward shall be four horns. the forms thereof, and all the ordinances there- 16 And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, of, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws twelve broad, square in the four squares thereof. thereof: and write it in their sight, that they 17 And the settle shall be fourteen cubits
Lev. xxvi. 30 ; Jer. xvi. 18.- -s See 2 Kings xvi. 14; xxi. > Or, sum, or number. — *y Chap. xl. 2.- Chap. xl. 5; xli. 4, 5, 7; chap. viii. 3; xxiii. 39; xliv. 7. Or, for there was 8.—Heb. bosom.- b Heb. lip. Heb. Harel, that is, the but a wall between me and them.- Lu Ver. 7.- Ver. 7. mountain of God.- -a Heb. Ariel, that is, the lion of God; Isa. * Chap. xl. 4. in his blood, shall be raised up wherever his holy name vertheless, let them measure the pattern, let them see shall be proclaimed; and shall not, like the old apos- | the rule by which they should have walked, and let tạte Israel, defile that great name by idolatry or a life them measure themselves by this standard, and walk of wickedness, but they shall show forth the virtues of accordingly, Him who has called them from darkness into his mar- Verse 11. And if they be ashamed] If, in a spirit of vellous light.
true repentance, they acknowledge their past transgresVerse 8. In their setting of their threshold] They. sions, and purpose in his help never more to offend their had even gone so far as to set up their idol altars by God, then teach them every thing that concerns my those of Jehovah ; so that their abominable idols were worship, and their profiting by it. found in the very house of God! therefore," he con- Verse 12. This is the law of the house] From the sumed them in his anger."
top of the mountain on which it stands, to the bottom, Verse 9. Now let them put arvay their whoredom) all round about, all shall be holy; no buildings shall Their idolatry.
be erected in any part, nor place nor spot be appropriAnd the carcasses of their kings] It appears that ated to a common use; all shall be considered as being God was displeased with their bringing their kings so most holy. near his temple. David was buried in the city of Da- Verse 13. The cubit is a cubit and a hand breadth] vid, which was on Mount Zion, near to the temple ; It is the same cubit by which all the previous admeaand so were almost all the kings of Judah; but God surements were made, and was a hand breadth or four requires that the place of his temple and its vicinity inches longer than the Babylonian cubit. shall be kept unpolluted; and when they put away Verse 15. So the altar] 581777 haharel,“ the mount all kinds of defilemènt; then will he dwell among of God." them.
And from the altar] buxhoi umihaariel, “and. Verse 10. Show the house to the house of Israel] from the lion of God.” Perhaps the first was a name Show them this holy house where the holy God dwells, given to the altar when elevated to the honour of God, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities. Their and on which the victims were offered to him; and the name, their profession, their temple, their religious ser- second, the lion of God, may mean the hearth, which vices, all bound them to a holy life; all within them, might have been thus called, because it devoured and all without them, should have been holiness unto the conşumed the burnt-offerings, as a lion does his prey. Lord. But alas ! they have been bound by no ties, See on Isa. xxix. 1. and they have sinned against all their obligations ; ne- Verse 17. And the settle] The ledge on which the
B. C. 574.
Hors the temple was
to be hallowed. A. M. 3430. long and fourteen broad in the four! 22 And on the second day thou
A. M. 3430 B, C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. squares thereof; and the border shalt offer a kid of the goats Olymp. Ll. 3. Servii Tullii, about it shall be half a cubit; and without blemish for a sin-offer
Servii Tulli, R. Roman., 5.
the bottom thereof shall be a cubit ing; and they shall cleanse the R. Roman, 5. about ; and his stairs shall look toward the altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock east.
23 When thou hast made an end of cleansing 18 And he said unto me, Son of man, thus it, thou shalt offer a young bullock without saith the Lord God; These are the ordi- blemish, and à ram out of the flock without nances of the altar in the day when they shall blemish. make it, to offer burnt-offerings thereon, and 24 And thou shalt offer them before the LORD, to ' sprinkle blood thereon.
I and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and 19 And thou shalt give to the priests the they shall offer them up for a burnt-offering Levites that be of the seed of Zadok, which unto the LORD. approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith 25 Seven days shalt thou prepare every day the Lord God, ha young bullock for a sin- a goat for a sin-offering: they shall also preoffering.
pare a young bullock, and a ram out of the 20 And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, flock, without blemish. and put it on the four horns of it, and on 26 Seven days shall they purge the altar and the four corners of the settle, and upon the purify it; and they shall - consecrate themborder round about : thus shalt thou cleanse selyes. and purge it.
27 And when these days are expired, it shall 21 Thou shalt take the bullock also of the be, that upon the eighth day, and so forward, sin-offering, and he i shall burn it in the ap- the priests shall make your burnt-offerings upon pointed place of the house, without the sanc- the altar, and your peace-offerings, and I tuary.
will 4 accept you, saith the Lord God. • See Exod. XX. 26. Lev. i. 5. - Chap. xliv. 15. xxix. 35, 36; Lev. viii. 33.—Heb. fill their hands; Exod. m. h Exod. xxix. 10, 12; Lev. viii. 14, 15; chap. xlv. 18, 19. 24. Lev. ix. 1.-p Or, thank-offerings.- Job xli. 8; Exod. xxix. 14. - Heb. xii. 11.-Lev. ii. 13. Exod. chap. xx. 40, 41; xliii. 27; Rom. xi. 1; 1 Pet. ü. 5, 20.
priests walked round the altar, see ver. 14. By these Add a cubit on each side for the lower ledge, settles or ledges the altar was narrowed towards the ver. 14, former part
2 top. “ The ascent shall look toward the east ;" this Add a cubit on each side for the base, ver. 13, 3 escent was an inclined plane. But these settles, or more properly ledges, as Bp. Newcome translates, may
20 be thus computed. The altar itself was ten feet high
The altar of burnt-offerings, described Exod. xxvii. and twenty broad ; the same as that of Solomon, 2 Chron. iv. 1.
1, xxxviii. 1, was smaller than this, because it was to
be removed from place to place with the tabernacle. for the base, ver. 13, is in height.
This was designed for a permanent temple. See. Bp. 1
Newcome on this chapter. From the surface of the base to the first ledge,
Verse 19. The priests--that be of the seed of Zadok) vor. 14, is:
1 From the lower ledge to the upper, ver. 14,
It was this 'Zadok that was put in the place of Abiaare
thar, by Solomon, 1 Kings ii. 35, in whose family, the From the upper lodge to the ariel or hearth,
priesthood had continued ever since.
Verse 25. Seven days shalt thou prepare) These vor. 15, are
are, in general, ordinances of the Law; and may be In all
seen by consulting the parallel passages. All these 10
directions are given that they might follow them, when And as to the breadth, the upper ledge, ver. 17, they should be put in possession of their own land. was
14 For in several cases the prophet enters into particuAdd a cubit on each side for the higher ledge, lars, as if he had supposed that the book of the law vor. 14, latter part
had perished. 544
Various ordinances and
services of the house.
This chapter gives an account of the glory of God having returned to the temple, 1-4. The Jews reproved
for suffering idolatrous priests to pollute it with their ministrations, 5-8. Ordinances respecting the conduct of the priests, and the maintenance due to them, 9–31.
A. M. 3430. 6. C. 34,30 THEN he brought me back GoD; O ye house of Israel, 5 let
B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. the way of the gate of the it suffice you of all your abomi- Olymp. LL. 3. Servii Tullii, outward sanctuary a which look- nations.
Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. eth toward the east; and it was 7 In that ye have brought into
R. Roman., 5. shut.
my sanctuary strangers," ° uncircumcised in 2 Then said the Lord unto me; This gate heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house, when man shall enter in by it; because the LORD, ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, and they have broken my covenant because therefore it shall be shut.
of all your abominations. 3 It is for the prince; the princé, he shall 8 And ye have not 'kept the charge of mine sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; d he holy things; but ye have set keepers of my shall enter by the way of the porch of that charge in my sanctuary for yourselves. gate, and shall go out by the way of the 9 Thus saith the Lord God; • No stranger, same.
uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in 4 Then brought he ine the way of the north flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary, of any gate before the house : and I looked, and, stranger that is among the children of Israel. • behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house 10 a And the Levites that are gone away of the LORD : fand I fell upon my face. far from me, when Israel went astray, which
5 And the LORD said unto me, Son of man, went astray away from me after their idols; * mark well, and behold with thine eyes, and they shall even bear their iniquity. hear with thine ears all that I say unto thee 11 Yet they shall be ministers in my sancconcerning all the ordinances of the house of tuary,'having charge at the gates of the house, the LORD, and all the laws thereof; and mark and ministering to the house : "they shall slay well the entering in of the house, with every the burnt-offering and the sacrifice for the going forth of the sanctuary.
people, and they shall stand before them to 6 And thou shalt say to the i rebellious, even minister unto them. to the house of Israel, , Thus saith the Lord 12 Because they ministered unto them before
· Chap. xliii. 1.—Chap. xliii. 4. -c Gen. xxxi. 54; 1 Cor. • Lev. xxvi. 41; Deut. x. 16; Acts vii. 51. —p Lev. xxi. 6, x. 18. Chap. xlvi. 2, 8.— Chap. iii. 23 ; xliii. 5. 8, 17, 21. Lev. ii. 16; xvii
. 11.- - Lev. xxii. 2, &c. (Chap. i. 28. Chap. xl. 4.- " Heb. set thine heart. - Ch. Or, ward, or ordinance ; and so ver. 14, 16; chap. xl. 45.
*Chap. xlv. 9; 1 Pet. iv. 3. Chap. xliii. 8; ver. 9; Ver. 7.- CuSee 2 Kings xxiii. 8, &c.; 2 Chron. xxix. 4, 5; Acts xxi. 28. m Heb. children of a stranger.- -- Lev. chap. xlvii. 11:11 Chron. xxvi. I.- w 2 Chron. xxix. 34; xxii. 25. NOTES ON CHAP. XLIV.
able to give the most minute information to the chilVerse 1. The outward sanctuary] In opposition to dren of Israel. the temple itself, which was the inner sanctuary. Verse 7. The fat and the blood] These never
Verse. 2. This gate shall be shut] It was not to be went into common use; they were wholly offered opened on ordinary occasions, nor at all on the week to God. The blood was poured out; the fal condays : but only on the Sabbaths and the new moons. sumed. See the account of the gates (4) in the explanation of Because of all your abominations.) Several MSS. the plan.
of Kennicott's and De Rossi's read their abominations, This verse has been adduced by the Roman Catho- referring to the strangers mentioned before. lics to prove the perpetual virginity of the mother of Verse 10. And the Levites that are gone away far our Lord; and it may be allowed to be as much to the fronn me] This refers to the schism of Jeroboam, purpose as any other that has been brought to prove who, when he set up a new worship, got as many of this very precarious point, on which no stress should the priests and Levites to join him in his idolatry as ever be laid by any man. Mary was a virgin when he could. These, on the return from the captivity, she brought forth Jesus.
should not be permitted to perform the functions of Verse 5. Mark well, and behold) Take notice of priests in the new temple ; but they might be conevery thing; register all so fully that thou shalt betinued as keepers of all the charge of the house—be
* Num. xvi. 9.
A. M. 3430.
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Directions to the
priests, Levites, fc. their idols, and y caused ? the 19 And when they go forth into Olymp. LI. 3. house of Israel to fall into ini- the utter court, even into the utter Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, quity; therefore have I « lifted court of the people, P they shall Servi Tullii, Roman., 5.
up mine hand against them, saith put off their garments wherein R. Roman.. 5. the Lord God, and they shall bear their iniquity. they ministered, and lay them in the holy
13 And they shall not come near unto me, chambers, and they shall put on other garto do the office of a priest unto me, nor to ments; and they shall ? not sanctify the people come near to any of my holy things, in the with their garments. most holy place : bụt they shall • bear their 20 Neither shall they shave their heads, shame, and their abominations which they nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall have committed.
only poll their heads. 14 But I will make them a keepers of the 21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, charge of the house, for all the service thereof, when they enter into the inner court. and for all that shall be done therein.
22 Neither shall they take for their wives a 15 • But the priests the Levites, “the sons of widow, nor her that is " put away: but they Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary shall take maidens of the seed of the house of E. when the children of Israel went astray from Israel, or a widow that had a priest before. me, they shall come near to me to minister 23 And w they shall teach 'my people the unto me, and they h shall stand before me to difference between the holy and profane, and offer unto me i the fat and the blood, sạith the cause them to discern between the unclean Lord God:
and the clean... 16 They shall enter into my sanctuary, and 24 And * in controversy they shall stand in they shall come near to k my table, to minister judgment; and they shall judge it according unto me, and they shall keep my charge. to my judgments; and they shall keep my
17 And it shall come to pass, that when laws and my statutes in all mine assemblies; they enter in at the gates of the inner court, Y and they shall hallow my sabbaths. I they shall be clothed with linen garments ; 25 And they shall come at no dead person and no wool shall come upon them, whiles to defile themselves : but for father, or for they minister in the gates of the inner court, mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, and within.
or for sister that hath had no husband, they 18 m They shall have linen bonnets upon may defile themselves. their heads, and shall have linen breeches 26 And a after he is cleansed, they shall upon their loins; they shall not gird them- reckon unto him seven days. selves " with any thing that causeth sweat. 27 And in the day that he goeth into the
y Isa. ix. 16; Mal. ii. 8. - Heb. were for a stumbling block n Or, in sweating places.- Lo Heb. in, or with sueat. Char. of iniquity unto, &c.; chap. xiv. 3, 4. a Psa. cvi. 26. -52 xlii. 14. -9 Chap. xlvi. 20; see Exod. xxix. 37; xxx. 29; Lev. Kings xxii. 9; Num. xviii. 3. Chap. xxxii. 30; xxxvi. 7. vi. 27; Matt. xxiii. 17, 19. Lev. xxi. 5. - Lev. X. 9. d Num. xviii. 4; 1 Chron, xxiii. 28, 32. Chap. xl. 46; xliii. Lev. xxi. 7, 13, 14.- -u Heb. thrust forth. -- Heb. from a 19.-] Sam. ii. 35.-- Ver. 10. -h Deut. x. 8. Ver. 7. priest. - Lev. x. 10, 11; chap. xxii. 26; Mal. 11.7.- Deut. Chap. xli. 22. - Exod. xxviii. 39, 40, 43; xxxix. 27, 28. xvii. 8, &c.; Chron. xix. 8, 10. - See chap. xxii. 26. m Exod. xxviii. 40, 42 ; xxxix. 28.
z Lev. xxi. 1, &c. - Num. vi. 10; xix. 11, &c.
treasurers, guards of the temple, porters, &c.; see ver. feet. The Mohammedans never write the Koran upon 11-15. The whole of these passages refer to the pe- vellum or skin of any kind, as they would consider that riod of time when the second temple was built. as a defilement.
Verse 16. Come near to my table] To place the Verse 20. Neither shall they shave their heads] shew-bread there, and to burn incense on the golden The priests of Isis shaved their heads close to the altar in the holy of holies.
skin ; the priests of Budhoo do so still; their ordiVerse 17. No wool shall come upon them) The nances oblige them to shave their heads every tenth reason is plain ; wool is more apt than linen to con- day. To let the hair grow long would have been imtract dirt and breed insects ; linen breeds none; be- proper; therefore the Lord commands them to pollsides, this is a vegetable, and the other an animal cut the hair short, but not to shave. substance. It was an ancient maxim, that whatever Verse 22. Neither shall they take for their wives a was taken from a dead body was impure in matters of widow) This was prohibited to the high priest only, religion, and should not be permitted to enter into the by Moses, Lev. xxi. 13, 14. temple. The Egyptian priests always wore linen on Verse 25. And they shall come at no dead person their bodies, and shoes of matting or rushes on their to defile themselves] Touching the dead defiles a 546
( 35* )