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The sins of the people
have caused their dispersion 4. M. cir. 3417. spoken against the residue of .13 Thus saith the Lord God; A. M. cir. 3417.
01. XLVII. 2: the heathen, and against all Because they say unto you, 01. XLVIII: 2. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
Idumea, m which have appointed - Thou land devourest up men, R. Roman., cir. annum 30.
cir. annum 30. my land into their possession and hast bereaved thy nations; with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful 14 Therefore thou shalt devour men no minds, to cast it out for a prey.
more, neither '' bereave thy nations any more 6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land of saith the Lord God. Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the Neither will I cause men to hear in thee hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus the shame of the heathen any more, neither saith the Lord God; Behold, I have spoken shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any in my jealousy and in my fury, because ye more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to have a borne the shame of the heathen: fall any more, saith the Lord God.
ng Therefore thus saith the Lord God; I 16 Moreover the word of the LORD came haye • lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen unto me, saying, that are about you, they shall bear their shame. 17 Son of man, when the house of Israel
8. But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall dwelt in their own land; "they defiled it by shoot forth your branches, and yield your their own way and by their doings : their way fruit to my people of Israel ; for they are at was before me as y the uncleanness of a rehand to come.
moved woman. 9 For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn 18 Wherefore I poured my fury upon them unto you,
* for the blood that they had shed upon the 10 And I will multiply men upon you, all land, and for their idols wherewith they had the house of Israel, even all of it: and the polluted it: cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall 19 And I scattered them among the heathen, be builded :
and they were dispersed through the countries : '11 And I will multiply upon you man and according to their way and according to their beast: and they shall increase and bring fruit : doings I judged them. and I will setile you after your old estates, and 20 - And when they entered unto the heathen, will do better unto you than at your begin- whither they went, they profaned my holy nings : "and ye shall know that I am the name, when they said to them, These are the LORD.
people of the LORD, and are gone forth out of 12 Yea, I will cause men to walk upon his land. you, even my people Israel ; and they shall 21 But I had pity a for mine holy name, possess thee, and thou shalt be their inherit- which the house of Israel had profaned among ance, and thou shalt no more henceforth + be- the heathen, whither they went. reave them of men.
22 Therefore, say unto the house of Israel, m Chap. xxxv. 10, 12.-- Psa.cxxiii. 3,4; chap. xxxiv. 29; ver.
Or, cause to fall. Chap. xxxiv, 29. Chap. xx. 5.-_ p Ver. 33 ; Isa. Tyin. 12; lxi. 4; Amos Lev. xviii. 25, 27, 28; Jer. ii. 7. Lev. xv. 19, &c.— Ch.
- Jer. xxxi. 27; xxxiii. 12.- Chap. xxxv. 9; xxxvii. xvi. 36, 38; xxiii. 37. Chap. xxii. 15. - Chap. vii. 3; xviii. 6, 13. Obad. 17, &c. - See Jer. xv. 7.
30; xxxix. 24.- - Isa. lii. 5; Rom. ii. 24. La Chap. xx. 9, 14. Verse 8. For they are at hand to come.) The resto- Zerubbabel to the birth of Christ. The colouring is too ration of the Jews is so absolutely determined that you high for that period ; and the whole falls in better with may rest assured it will take place; and be as confident Gospel than with Jewish times. relative to it, as if you saw the different families enter- Verse 17. When the house of Israel dwelt in their ing into the Israelitish borders. It was near at hand own land] Had they continued faithful to me, they had in God's determination, though there were about fifty- never been removed from it: but they polluted it with eight of the seventy years unelapsed.
their crimes; and I abhorred the land on that account, Verse 9: Ye shall be tilled and sown] The land and gave both them and it up to the destroyers. shall-be cultivated as it formerly was, when best peo- Verse 20. And when they entered unto the heathen] pled and at peace.
So bad were they, and so deeply fallen, that they proVerse 11. I will multiply upon you man and beast) faned the Lord's name among the heathen; and, on The agriculturist and the beast of burden.
their account, the true God was blasphemed. These, And will do.better unto you than at your beginnings) say they, are the people of Jehovah ! O what an aboI agree with Calmet, that it would be difficult to show minable people are these and what a being must that the literal fulfilment of this prophecy from the days of God be who can have and own such for his people!
u Num. xiii. 32.
15. ix. 14.
cir. annum 30.
cir. annum 30.
The great promise of a
CHAP. XXXVI. new heart and a new spirit. A. M. cir. 3417. Thus saith the Lord God; I do and will bring you into your 4. C. CI 1587. B. C. cir. 587. 01. XLVIII. 2. not this for your sakes, O house own land. ,'
OI. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinji Prisci, R. Roman.,
of Israel, but for mine holy 25 · Then will I sprinkle clean R. Roman.,
name's sake, which ye have pro- water upon you, and ye shall be faned among the heathen, whither ye. went. clean :
* from all your filthiness, and from all 23 And I will sanctify my great name, which your idols, will I cleanse you. was profaned among the heathen, which ye 26 A ?new heart also will I give you, and have profaned in the midst of-them; and the a new spirit will I put within you : and I will heathen shall know that I am the LORD, saith take away the stony heart out of your flesh, the Lord God, when I shall be f sanctifịed in and I will give you a heart of flesh. you before s their eyes.
27 And I will put my m Spirit within you, 24 For "I will take you from among the and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye heathen, and gather you out of all countries, shall keep my judgments, and do them. e Psa. cvi. 8. - Chap. xx. 41; xxviii. 22.8 Or, your. Isa. lii. 15; Heb. x. 22.- k Jer. xxxiii. 8. -1 Jer. xxxii. 39; Chap. xxxiv. 13 ; xxxvii. 21.
chap. xi. 19. Chap. xi. 19; xxxvii. 14. Verse 23. I will sanctify my great name) By Spirit, the great principle of light, life, and love, within changing your hearts and your conduct, I shall show you, to actuate the new spirit, and to influence the new my hatred to vice, and my love to holiness : but it is affections and passions; that the animal spirit may not not for your sakes, but for my holy name's sake, that become brutish, that the mental powers become not I shall do you good in your latter days.
foolish. I will put my Spirit within you, so that as the Verse 24. I will take you fròm among the healhen) new spirit may influence the new heart, so will my This does not relate to the restoration from Babylon Spirit influence your new spirit, that each may have merely. The Jews are at this day scattered in all a proper mover; and then all will be pure, regular, and Heathen, Mohammedan, and Christian countries. From harmonious, when passion is influenced by reason, and these they are to be gathered, and brought to repossess reason by the Holy Ghost. their own land.
And the cause shall be evidenced by the effects; for. Verse 25. Then-at the time of this great restora- I will cause you to walk in my statutes-not only to tion—will I sprinkle clean water upon you—the truly believe and reverence my appointments relative to what cleansing water ; the influences of the Holy SPIRIT I command you to perform; but ye shall walk in them, typified by water, whose property it is to cleanse, whiten, your conduct shall be regulated by them. “And ye purify, refresh, render healthy and fruitful.
shall keep my judgments;" whatsoever I enjoin you to From all your filthiness) From every sort of exter- avoid. And ye shall do them—ye shall not only avoid nal and internal abomination and pollution.
every appearance of evil, but keep all my ordinances And from all your idols] False gods, false worship, and, commandments unblamably. false opinions, and false hopes.
Here is the salvation that God promises to give to Will I cleanse you.) Entirely separate you. restored Israel ; and here is the salvation that is the
Verse 26. A new heart also will I give you] I will birthright of every Christian believer: the complete dechange the whole of your infected nature ; and give struction of all sin in the soul, and the complete renewal you new appetites, new passions ; or, at least, the old of the heart; no sin having any place within, and no ones purified and refined. The heart is generally un- unrighteousness having any place without. derstood to mean all the affections and passions. “But where are they that are thus saved ?" Ans. And a new spirit will I put within you] I will renew Wherever true Christians are to be found.
“ But I your minds, also enlighten your understanding, correct know many true Christians that have not this salvation, your judgment, and refine your will ; so that you shall but daily mourn over their evil hearts ?" Ans. They have a new spirit to actuate your new heart. may be sincere, but they are not true Christians ; i. e.,
I will take away the stony heart] That heart that is such as are saved from their sins; the true Christians hard, impenetrable, and cold ; the affections and pas- are those who are filled with the nature and Spirit of sions that are unyielding, frozen to good, unaffected by Christ. But I will ask a question in my turn :- “ Do heavenly things; that are slow to credit the words of those you mention think it a virtue to be always mournGod. I will entirely remove this heart: it is the oppo- ing over their impurities ?” Most certainly. Then it site to that which I have promised you ; and you can- is a pity they were not better instructed,
It is right not have the new heart and the old heart at the same they should mourn while they feel an impure heart ; time.
but why do they not apply to that blood which cleanses And I will give you a heart of flesh.) One that from all unrighteousness, and to that Spirit which can feel, and that can enjoy; that can feel love to cleanses the very thoughts of the heart by his inspiraGod and to all men, and be a proper habitation for the tion ? Many employ that time in brooding and mourn-' living God.
ing over their impure hearts, which should be 'spent in Verse 27. And I will put my Spirit within you) prayer and faith before God, that their impurities might To keep the heart of flesh alive, the feeling heart still be washed away. In what a state of nonage are many sensible, the loving heart still happy. I will put my members of the Christian Church!
B. C. cir. 557.
Gracious promises to
the house of Israel. A. M. cir. 3417.
28 " And ye shall dwell in the cities, w and the wastes shall be A. M. cir. 3417. B. C. cir. 587. OL XLVIII. 2. land that I gave to your fathers; builded.
Ol. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci R. Roman., • and ye shall be my people, and 34 And the desolate land shall
R. Roman.. cir. annum 30. I will be your God.
be tilled, whereas it lay desolate cir. annum 30 29 I will also save you from all your un- in the sight of all that passed by. cleannesses : and I will call for the
and 35 And they shall say, This land that was will increase it, and "lay no famine upon you. desolate is become like the garden of Eden;
30 . And I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the waste and desolate and ruined cities and the increase of the field, that ye shall re- are become fenced, and are inhabited. ceive no more reproach of famine among
the 36 Then 'the heathen that are left round. heathen.
about you shall know that I the LORD build 31 Then shall ye remember your own evil the ruined places, and plant that that was deways, and your doings that were not good, solate: » I the Lord have spoken it, and I will and "shall loathe yourselves in your own sight do it. for your iniquities and for your abominations. 37 Thus saith the Lord God; ? I will yet
32 Not for your sakes do I this, saith the for this be inquired of by the house of Israel, Lord God, be it known unto you : be ashamed to do it for them; I will a increase them with and confounded for your own ways, 0 house men like a flock. of Israel.
38 As the holy flock, as the flock of Jeru33 Thus saith the Lord God; In the day salem in her solemn feasts; so shall the waste that I shall have cleansed you from all your cities be filled with flocks of men: and they iniquities I will also cause you to dwell in the shall know that I am the LORD.
Chap. xxviii. 25; xxxvii. 25. Jer. xxx. 22; chap. xi. 20; » Deut. ix. 5; ver. 22. W Ver. 10.-* Isa. li. 3, chap. uru. xxxvii. 27. — Matt. j. 21; Rom. xi. 26. - See Psa. cx. 16. 13; Joel i. 3. -Chap. xvii. 24 ; xxii. 14 ; xxxv. 14. — See Chap. xxxiv. 29. Chap. xxxiv. 27. Chap. xvi. 61, 63. chap. xiv. 3; XX. 3, 31.- Ver. 10.
—Heb. flock of Lev. xxvi. 39; chap. vi. 9; XX. 43.
holy things. Verse 28. Ye shall be my people] Wholly given up the - sustaining hand of God, because the works are to me in body, soul, and spirit.
finished! Learn this, that as it requires the same And I will be your God.) To fill you with love, joy, power to sustain creation as to produce it, so it requires peace, meekness, gentleness, long-suffering, fidelity, the same Jesus who cleansed to keep clean. They feel and goodness, to occupy your whole soul, and gralify that it is only through his continued indwelling, that your every des
they are kept holy, and happy, and useful. Were he Verse 29. I will also sare you from all your unclean- to leave them the original darkness and kingdom of nesses] I repeat it; “I will save you from all your sins." death would soon be restored.
Verse 30. Ye shall receive no more reproach of fa- Verse 35. This land that was desolate by sin, is bemine) Ye shall be daily and hourly fed with the bread come like the garden of Eden by righteousness.--Sathat endures unto eternal life. “But will not those get tan's blast is removed ; God's blessing has taken place. proud, who are thus saved, if there be any such ? and Verse 36. Then the heathen)- They shall see how will they not undervalue the blood of the covenant, for powerful Jehovah is, and how fully he saves those who then they shall not need it ?” Ans. Hear what the come unto and worship him. Lord saith,
Verse 37. Thus saith the Lord God] In answer to Verse 31. Then shall ye remember your own evil the question, "Who shall have such blessings ?" we ways] Ye shall never forget that yè were once slaves say, they that pray, that seek earnestly, that strive to of sin, and sold under sin ; children of the wicked one ; enter in at the strait gate. “ Thus saith the Lord, heirs to all God's curses, with no hope beyond hell. I will yet for this be inquired of by the house of IsSuch cleansed people never forget the horrible pit and rael.” Neither Jew nor Gentile shall be thus saved the miry clay out of which they have been brought. who do not earnestly pray to God; and for this thing; And can they then be proud ? No: they loathe them for this complete salvation ; this setting up of the kingselves in their own sight. They never forgive them- dom of Christ upon earth, and particularly in their own selves for having sinned against so good a God, and so souls. loving a Saviour. And can they undervalue him by Verse 38. As the holy flock] The Church of Christ, whose blood they were bought, and by whose blood without spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing. they were cleansed! No! That is impossible : they The flock of Jerusalem] The Jerusalem that is from novo see Jesus as they ought to see him; they see him above, the city of the living God, the place where his in his splendour, because they feel him in his victory Majesty dwells. As they came in ancient times to the and triumph over sin. To them that thus believe he is solemn national feasts, so shall they come when they precious, and he was never so precious as now. As to have fully returned unto the Lord, and received his sal. their not needing him when thus saved from their sins, vation by Christ Jesus. we may as well say, as soon may the creation not need I do not ask my reader's pardon for having considered
The vision of the
dry bones revivea. this most beautiful chapter as relating, not to the re- ftian have any fellowship with them in their opposition storation from the Babylonish captivity, but to the re- to this Almighty Saviour. Let none be indifferenl to demption under the new covenant by Jesus Christ. his salvation ; let all plead his promises; and let the There is no period of the Jewish history from that messengers of the Churches proclaim to the Christian time until now, to which it can be applied. It mast world a FREE, a FULL, and a PRESENT SALVATION! And belong to the Gospel dispensation ; and if the Jews may great grace rest upon themselves, and apon all will still refuse, contradict, and blaspheme, let no Chris- I their flocks!
This chapter treats of the same subject with the preceding, in a beautiful and significant vision. Under the
emblem of the open valley being thickly strewed with very dry bones is represented the hopeless state of the Jews when dispersed throughout the provinces of the Chaldean empire. But God, contrary to every human probability, restores these bones to life, thereby prefiguring the restoration of that people from the Babylonish captivity, and their resettlement in the land of their forefathers, 1-14. The prophet then makes an easy and elegant transition to the blessedness of the people of God under the Gospel dispensation, in the plenitude of its manifestation ; when the genuine converts to Christianity, the spiritual Israel, shall be no longer under the domination of heathen and anti-christian rulers, but shall be collected together into one visible kingdom, ånd constitute but one flock under one Shepherd, 15-28. The vision of the dry bones re
viving is considered by some as having a remote view to the general resurrection. A. M. cir. 3417. B. C. cir. 587.
* hand of the LORD was Behold, I will cause breath to A. M. cir. 3117.
THE OI. XLVIII. 2. upon me, and carried me out enter into you, and ye shall 01. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., bin the spirit of the Lord, and live : cir. annum 30. set me down in the midst of the
6 And I will lay sinews upon valley which was full of bones,
you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and 2 And caused me to pass by them round cover you with skin, and put breath in you, about: and, behold, there were very many in and ye shall live; fand ye shall know that I the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry. am the LORD.
3 And he said unto me, Son of man, can 7 So I prophesied as I was commanded : these bones live? And I answered, O Lord and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and God, d thou knowest.
behold a shaking, and the bones came together, 4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon bone to his bone. these bones, and say unto them, Oye dry 8. And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the bones, hear the word of the Lord.
flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered 5 Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones; them above: but there was no breath in them.
R. Roman., cir, annum 30.
Chap. i. 3. - Chap. iii. 14; viii. 3; xi. 24; Luke iv. 1. Rom. iv. 17; 2 Cor. i. 9. Psa: civ. 30; ver. 9. - Chap. • Or, champaign. - Deut. xxxii. 36; 1 Sam. ii. 6; John v. 21; vi. 7; xxxv. 12; Joel ï. 27; ii. 17.
NOTES, ON CHAP. XXXVII.
vision, where it refers to the bones : “ I will cause the Verse 1. The hand of the Lord was upon me] The soul to enter into you,” prophetic influence was communicated.
Verse 6. I will lay sinews upon you] . Observe the And carried me out in the spirit] Or, And the Lord progress : 1. Here are the bones. 2. The ligaments, brought me out in the spirit; that is, a spiritual vision, called here sinews, are to be added in order to unite in which all these things were doubtless transacted. the bones, that the skeleton might be complete. 3.
The valley which was full of bones), This vision of The flesh (the whole muscular system, the subjacent the dry bones was designed, first, as an emblem of the and superjacent muscles, including the arterial and vethen wretched state of the Jews; secondly, of the nous system) clothes this skeleton. 4. The skin (the general resurrection of the body.
dermis and epidermis, or cutis and cuticle) envelopes Verse 3. Can these bones live?] Is it possible that the whole of these muscles or flesh; and now these the persons whose bones these are can return to life? | bodies are in the state that the body of Adam was be
Verse 4. Prophesy upon these bones] Declare to fore it received the animal and intellectual principle your miserable countryinen the gracious designs of the from God. 5. There was no breath in them--they had Lord; show them that their state, however deplorable, not yet received their souls. 6. The wind, nii ruach, is not hopeless.
the soul, came into them. They were endued with Verse 5. Behold, I will cause breath] nit ruach animal and intellectual life ; and they arose and evisignifies both soul, breath, and wind; and sometimes denced a complete restoration to life, and began to perthe Spirit of God. Soul is its proper meaning in this form its functions, ver. 10.
'The vision of the
dry bones revived. A. M. cir. 3417. 9 Then said he unto me, Pro-Ito come up out of your graves, B.C. cit. 387.
A. M. cir. 3417. B. C. cir. 587. 01. XLVIII. 2 phesy unto the swind, prophesy, and bring you into the land of 01. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
Tarquinii Prisci, man, and say to the wind, Israel.
R. Roman, cir. annum 30. Thus saith the Lord God;" Come
13 And ye shall know that I cir. annum 30. from the four winds, O breath, and breathe am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, upon these slain, that they may live. O my people, and brought you up out of your
10 So I prophesied as he commanded me,' and graves, , the breath came into them, and they lived, and 14 And shall put my Spirit in you, and ye stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army. shall live, and I shall place you in your own
11 Then he said unto me, Son of man, these land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have bones are the whole house of Israel : behold, spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD. they say, * Our bones are dried, and our hope 15 The word of the LORD came again unto is lost : we are cut off for our parts.
me, saying, - 12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, 16 Moreover, thou son of man, take thee Thus saith the Lord God; Behold,my one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and people, I will open your graves, and cause you for p the children of Israel his companions : & Or, breath. wh Psa. civ. 30; ver. 5.- Rev. xi. 11. - Psa.
Chap. xxxvi. 24; ver. 25. Chap. xxxvi. 27. cxli. 7; Isa. xlix. 14.- Isa. xxvi. 19; Hos. xii. 14.
Num. xvii. 2.P 2 Chron. xi. 12, 13, 16; XV. 9; Xxx. 11, 18. Verse 9. Prophesy unto the wind] nn ruach. 1. There was a noise, which was followed by a Address thyself to the soul, and command it to enter general shaking, during which the bones became arinto these well-organized bodies, that they may live. ranged and united.
Come from the four winds) Souls, come from all 2. The flesh and skin came upon them, so that the parts where 'ye are scattered; and reanimate these dry bones were no longer seen. bodies from which ye have been so long separated. 3. The spirit or soul came into them, and they stood The four winds signify all parts--in every direction. up perfectly vivified. Literally it is, “ Souls, come from the four souls ;"" Perhaps these might be illustrated by three periods “ Breath, come from the four breaths ;" or, " Wind, of time, which marked the regeneration of the Jewish come from the four winds.” But here inn ruach has polity. both of its most general meanings, wind or breath, and 1. The publication of the edict of Cyrus in behalf soul,
of the Jews, which caused a general shaking or stir Verse 11. These bones are the whole house of Israel] among the people, so that the several families began That is, their state is represented by these bones ; and to approach each other, and prepare for their return to their restoration to their own land is represented by Judea, Ezra i. 2, 3. ' But though partially restored, the revivification of these bones.
they were obliged to discontinue the rebuilding of Verse 12. I will open your graves] Here is a their temple. pointed allusion to the general resurrection ; a doctrine 2. The edict published by Darius in the second properly crèdited and understood by the Jews, and to year of his reign, Ezra iv. 23, 24, which removed the which our Lord resers, John v. 25, 28, 29:: “ The impediments thrown in the way of the Jews. Ezra hour is coming when they that are in their graves shall vi. 6, 7, &c. hear his voice, and come forth."
3. The mission of Nehemiah, with orders from ArAnd cause you to come up out of your graves) 1 taxerxes to complete the building of the temple and the am determined that ye shall be restored ; so that were city, Neh. ii. 7, &c. Then the Jews became a great ye even in your graves, as mankind at the general re- army, and found themselves in sufficient force to defend surrection, yet my all-powerful voice shall call you forth. themselves and city against all their enemies.
Verse 13. When I have opened your graves] When As to the spiritual uses of this curious vision, I I shall have done for you what was beyond your hope, must leave them to preachers. I have given the liteand deemed impossible, then shall ye know that I am ral meaning, and what the different parts refer to'; and Jehovah.
if they found their observations on these, they may Verse 14. And shall put my Spiril] 1719 ruchi. profit their hearers. Here niin ruach is taken for the Holy Ghost. They Verse 16. Son of man, take thee one stick] The were living souls, animal and intellectual beings, when two sticks mentioned in this symbolical transaction rethey had received their souls, as mentioned above : but presented, as the text declares, the two kingdoms of they could only become spiritual, holy, and obedient Israel and Judah, which were formed in the days of creatures by the Spirit of God actuating their spirits. Rehoboam, and continued distinct till the time of the See the notes on chap. xxxvi. 25, 26, 27.
captivity. The kingdom of Judah was composed of THREE degrees or processes have been remarked in the tribes of Judah and Benjamın, with the Levites; this mystic vision. When the prophet was commanded all the rest went off in the schism with Jeroboam, and to prophesy-to foretell, on the authority of God, that formed the kingdom of Israel. Though some out of there should be a restoration to their own land, those tribes did rejoin themselves to Judah, yet no