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A. M. 3414. · B. C. 590.




The prophet forbidden to


mourn for Jerusalem. yet neither shalt thou mourn nor shall not cover your lips, nor eat

A. M. 3414,

B. C. 590. 01. XLVII . 3. weep, neither shall ihy tears the bread of men.

OL. XLVII, 3. "Tarquinii Prisci, prun down.

23 And

tires shall be upon Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 27. 17 Forbear to cry, 'make no your heads, and your shoes upon

R. Roman., 27. mourning for the dead, : bind the tire of thine your feet : ' ye shall not mourn nor weep; but head upon thee, and put on thy shoes upon ye shall pine away for your iniquities, and thy feet, and “cover not thy ' lips, and eat not mourn one toward another.' the bread of men.

24 Thus · Ezekiel is unto you a sign : ac18 So I spake unto the people in the morn-cording to all that he hath done shall ye do: ing: and at even my wife died; and I did in and when this cometh, & ye shall know that the morning as I was commanded.

I am the Lord God. 19 And the people said unto me, "Wilt thou 25 Also, thou son of man, shall it not be in not tell us what these things are to us, that the day when I take from them their strength, thou doest so?

the joy of their glory, the desire of their eyes, 20 Then I answered them, The word of the and i that whereupon they set their minds, LORD came unto me, saying,

theit sons and their daughters, 21 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith 26 That he that escapeth in that day shall the Lord God; Behold, * I will profane my come unto thee, to crise thee to hear it with sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, thine ears? y the desire of your eyes, and a that which your 27 1 In that day shall thy mouth be opened soul pitieth ; and your sons and your daugh- to him which is escaped, and thou shalt speak, ters whom ye have left, - shall fall by the and be no more dumb : and m thou shalt be a sword.

sign unto them; and they shall know that I 22 And


shall do as I have done : ye am the LORD.


p Heb. go.—Heb. Be silent. - Jer. xvi. 5, 6, 7.- See b Jer. xvi. 6, 7; ver. 17.- Job xxvü, 15; Psa. lxxrui. Lev. x. 6 ; xxi. 10.-12 Sam. xv. 30.-u Mic. iii. 7. 64.- Lev. xxvi. 39; chap. xxxii. 10.- e Isa. xx. 3; ehap. Heb. upper lip; and so ver. 22; Lev. xii. 45. Chap. iv. 3; xii. 6, 11. f Jer. xvii. 15; John xiii. 19; xiv. 29.

xxxvii. 18.-* Jer. vii. 14; chap. vii. 20, 21, 22. Chap. vi. 7; xxv. 5.- Ver. 21. -i Heb. the lifting up of y Psa. xxvii. 4. Heb. the pity of your soul.

.-La Chapter their soul.- . Chap. iii. 21, 22.- Chap. iii. 26, 27; xxix. 21; xxii. 47.

xxxiii. 22. mm Ver. 24.

xii. 9;

griefs affect the more easily moved passions; great ones Verse 18. At even my wife died] The prophet's affect the soul itself, in its powers-of reasoning, reflect- wife was a type of the city, which was to him exceeding, comparing, recollecting, &c., when the sufferer ingly dear. The death of his wife represented the defeels all the weight of, wo.

struction of the city by the Chaldeans; see ver. 21, Neither shall thy tears run down.) .. Touro yap idov where the temple is represented to be the desire of his σων οφθαλμών εν τοις μεγαλους κακους εν μεν γας | eyes, as his wife was, ver. 16. ταις μετριαις συμφοραις αφθονως τα δακρυα καταρρει, , Verse 19. Will thou not tell us] In the following

-εν δε τους υπερβαλλουσι δεινοις φευγει και τα verses he explains and applies the whole of what he δακρυα και προδιδωσι και τους οφθαλμους: Achill. Tat. had done and said. lib. 3. c. 11. For this is the case with the eyes in Verse 27. In that day shall thy mouth be opened] great calamities : in light misfortunes tears flow freely, That is, When some one who shall have escaped from but in heavy afflictions tears fly away, and betray the eyes. Jerusalem, having arrived among the captives, shall

Verse 17. Make no mourning] As a priest, he inform them of the destruction of the city, the temple, could make no public mourning, Lev, xxi. 1, &c. the royal family, and the people at large; till then he

Bind the tire of thine head] This seems to refer might suppress his tears and lamentations. And we to the high priest's bonnet; or perhaps, one worn by find from chap. xxxiii. 21, that one did actually escape the ordinary priests : it might have been a black veil from the city, and informed the prophet and his brethren to cover the head.

in captivity that the city was smilten. Put on thy shoes upon thy feet). Walking barefoot Thus he was not only a prophet to foretell such was a sign of grief..

things, but he was also a sign or portent, shadowing Cover not thy lips] Mourners covered the under part them out by circumstances in his own person and of the face, from the nose to the bottom of the chin. family; and thus the prediction, agreeing so perfectly

Eat not the bread of men.) D'UN DNS lechem ana- with the event, proved that the previous information shim, “ the bread of miserable men," i. e., mourners; I was from the Lord. probably, the faneral banquet.


Heavy judgments threatened


against the Ammonites


This chapter contains threatenings of the heavy judgments of God against the Ammonites, 1–7; Moabités,

8-11; Edomites, 12-14; and Philistines, 15–17; on account of their hatred to his people, and their insulting them in the time of their distress. These prophecies were fulfilled by the instrumentality of Nebuchadnezzar, about five years after the destruction of Jerusalem. The same events were predicted by several of the other prophets, as may be seen from the citation of parallel texts in the margin.

A. M. 3414. 6. C. 390. THE word of the Lord came | thou b hast clapped thine i hands,

B. C. 590. OL, XLVII. 3. again unto me, saying, and stamped with the k feet, and 01. XLVII 3.

Anno Tarquinii Prisci,

2 Son of man, set thy face rejoiced in m heart with all thy Tarquinii Prisei, R. Roman., 27. b against the Ammonites, and despite against the land of Israel ;

R. Roman., 27. prophesy against them;

7 Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine 3 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for o

Фа word of the Lord God; Thus saith the Lord spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off God; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my from the people, and I will cause thee to sanctuary, when it was profaned ; and against perish out of the countries : I will destroy the land of Israel, when it was desolate ; and thee; and P thou shalt know that I am the against the house of Judah, when they went LORD. into captivity;

8 Thus saith the Lord God; Because that 4 Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the 4 Moab and Seir do say, Behold, the house d men of the east for a possession, and they of Judah is like unto all the heathen ; shall set their palaces in thee, and make their 9 Therefore, behold, I will open the side of dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and Moab from the cities, from his cities which are they shall drink thy milk.

on his frontiers, the glory of the country, 5 And I will make .. Rabbah fa stable for Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim, camels, and the Ammonites a couching-place 10 * Unto the men of the east " with the for flocks : 8 and ye shall know that I am the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, Lord.

that the Ammonites may not be remembered 6 For thus saith the Lord God; Because among the nations. a Chap. vi. 2; xxxv. 2. -b Jer. xlix. 1, &c.; chap. xxi. 28;

* Heb. fool.

Chap. xxxvi. 5; Zeph. ii. 8, 10.- - Heb. Amos i. 13; Zeph. ii. 9. Prov. xvii. 5 ; chap. xxvi. 2. soul. Chap. xxxv. 3.-0 Or, meal.- -- Chap. xxii. 16;

Heb. children. e Chap. xxi. 20.- Isa. xvii. 2; xxxii, 14; xxiv. 24.-)sa. xv., xvi; Jer. xlviii. 1, &c.; Amos ii. 1. Zeph. i. 14, 15. Chap. xxiv. 24 ; xxvi. 6 ; xxxv. 9.- h Job Chap. xxxv. 2, 5, 12. — * Heb. shoulder of Moab. - Ver. 4. xxvii. 23; Lam. ii. 15; Zeph. ii. 15.- -i Heb. hand.

u Or, against the children of Ammon.- - Chap. xxi. 32. NOTES ON CHAP. XXV.

sequently, that he had brought under his dominion the Verse 1. The word of the Lord] The chronological Ammonites, Moabites, and Idumeans, who were included order of this chapter is after chap. xxxiii. 21, &c. among the Philistines. See Calmet. See Abp. Newcome.

Verse 4. Will deliver thee to the men of the east) Verse 2. Set thy face against the Ammonites] We Probably the Scenite Arabs, Ishmaelites, and people have already seen, chap. xxi. 19, &c., that when Ne- of Kedar, who seized upon the provinces of the vanbuchadnezzar left Babylon, he was in doubt whether quished Ammonites, &c. The following description he should besiege Riblath, the capital of the Ammon- suits this people only, living on fruits, the milk of their ites, or Jerusalem, the capital of the Jews, first : and flocks, using camels, &c. Some think the people of having used his divination, he was determined, by the the east mean the Chaldeans.. result, to attack Jerusalem the first. He did so; and Verse 7. I will cause thee to perish] Except in histhe Ammonites, seeing the success of his arms, made tory, the name of the Ammonites does not now exist. friends with him, and exulted in the ruin of the Jews. Verse 8. Moab and Seir do say] Seir means the God resents this, and predicts their downfall with that Idumeans. It appears that both these, with the Amof Edom, Moab, and the Philistines. The fulfilment monites, had made a league with Zedekiah, Jer. xxvii. of this prediction is not noted in Scripture : but Jose- 3, which they did not keep; and it is supposed that phus tells us, that about five years after the taking of they even joined with the Chaldeans. Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar turned his arms against the Verse 9. I will open the side) ano 'ketheph, the Ammonites and Moabites, and afterwards against Egypt; shoulder, the strongest frontier place. Beth-jeshimoth, and having subdued those nations, he returned to Baby- Baal-mean, and Kiriathaim were strong frontier towns lon. Joseph. Antiq., l. x., c. ii. Berosus states, as of Moab. quoted by Josephus, contra App., that Nebuchadnezzar Verse 10. That the Ammonites] The Syriac has, subdued Syria, Arabia, Phænicia, and Egypt : and con- «That Rabbah of the sons of Ammon be not remembered.”

B. C. 590.



Prophecies against Ammon,


Moab, Edom, fc.
A. M. 3414.

A. M. 3414.
11 And I will execute judg- fanger and according to my fury;
B. C. 590.
Ol. XLVII. 3. ments upon Moab; and they and they shall know my ven- OL. XLVII. 3.
Tarquinii Prisci, shall know that I am the Lord. geance, saith the Lord God.

Tarquinii Prisci,
R. Roman., 27.
12 Thus saith the Lord God; 15 Thus saith the Lord God;

R. Roman., 27. w Because that Edom hath dealt against the * Because the Philistines have dealt by rehouse of Judah by taking vengeance, and venge, and have taken vengeance with a hath greatly offended, and revenged himself despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old upon them;

hatred; 13 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; I 16 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Bewill also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and hold, d I will stretch out mine hand upon the will cut off man and beast from it; and I will Philistines, and I will cut off the e Cherethims, make it desolate from Teman; and y they of * and destroy the remnant of the 5 sea coasts. Dedan shall fall by the sword.

17 And I will hexecute great ' vengeance 14 And ? I will lay my vengeance upon upon them with furious rebukes ; ? and they Edom by the hand of my people Israel : and shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall they shall do in Edom according to mine lay my vengeance upon them.

w2 Chron. xxviii. 17; Psa. cxxxvii. 7; Jer. xlix. 7, 8, &c.; Amos i. 6. 52 Chron. xxviii. 18. - Or, with perpetual ha. chap. xxxv. 2, &c.; Amos i. 11; Obad. 10, &c.; 1 Esd. iv. 45. tred. d Zeph. ii. 4, &c.

Jer, xlvii. » Heb. by revenging revengement. Or, they shall fall by the 4. -Or, haven of the sea. Chap. v. 15.

.-i Heb. vengtar. sword unto Dedan.- - See Isa. xi. 14; Jer. xlix. 2; 1 Mac. v.3; ces.-kl Chron. xii. 17; Psa. lxviii. 30; Isa. ii. 4; xvii. 13; 2 Mac. x. 16, 17. a Jer. xxv. 20; xlvii, 1, &c.; Joel iii. 4, &c.; Mic. iv. 3 ; Mal, üi. 11. - Psa. ix. 16.

Verse 12. Because that Edom hath deall] The them to receive circumcision, Joseph. Antiq. 1. xiii., e. Edomites were the most inveterate enemies of the Jews 17; i Macc. v, 65; 2 Macc. X. 16. from the very earliest times, and ever did all that they Verse 15. Because the Philistines] They were as could to annoy them.

inimical to the Jews as the Ammonites, &c., were. Verse 13. I will make it desolate from Teman] Nebuchadnezzar punished them because they had asTeman and Dedan were both cities of the Moabites, sisted the Tyrians during the time he was besieging and apparently at each extremity of the land.

their city. Verse 14. I will lay my vengeance upon Edom] I will cut off the Cherethims] See the note on 2 God will not allow men to insult those whom he has Sam. viii. 18. cast down. His judgment is sufficient; to add more The remnant of the sea coasts.] The different is an insult to God.

seignories of the Philistines inhabited the coast of the By the hand of my people Israel] This was fulfilled Mediterranean from Judea to Egypt. For other by the Maccabees, who not only defeated them and matters relative to these prophecies, see the passages brought them under complete subjection, but obliged in the margin.

el Sam. xxx. 14,

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This prophecy, beginning here and ending in the twentieth verse of the twenty-eighth chapter, is a declara

tion of the judgments of God against Tyre, a very famous commercial city of antiquity, which was taken by Nebuchadnezzar after an arduous siege of thirteen years. The prophet begins with introducing Tyre insulting Jerusalem, and congratulating herself on the prospect of accession to her commerce now that this city was no more, 1, 2. Upon which God denounces utter destruction to Tyre, and the cities depending on her, 3-6. We have then a particular account of the person-raised up in the course of the Divine providence to accomplish this work. We see, as it were, his mighty hosts, (which are likened to the waves of the sea for their multitude,) raising the mounds, setting the engines, and shaking the walls ; we hear the noise of the horsemen, and the sound of their cars; we see the clouds of smoke and dust ; we see the sword bathed in blood, and hear the groans of the dying. Tyre, (whose buildings were very splendid and magnificent, and whose walls were one hundred and fifty feet in height, with a proportionable breadth,) immediately disappears ; her strong (and as she thought impregnable) towers are thrown down ; and her dery

dust is buried in the sea. Nothing remains bút the bare rock, 7–14. The scene is then varied.

The isles and adjacent regions, by a very strong and beautiful figure, are represented to be shaken, as with a mighty earthquake by violent concussion occasioned by the fall of Tyre. The groans of the dying reach the ears of the people inhabiting these regions. Their princes, alarmed for themselves and grieved for Tyre, descend from their thrones, lay aside their robes, and clothe themselves with—-sackcloth ?-no, but with trembling! Arrayed in this astonishing attire, the prophet introduces them as a chorus of mourners, lamenting Tyre in a funeral song or dirge, as customary on the death of renowned personages. And pursuing the same image still farther, in the person of God, he performs the last sad office for her. She is brought

B. C. 588.


The prophecy

against Tyre. forth from her place in solemn pomp ; the pit is dug for her; and she is buried, to rise no more, 15–21. Such is the prophecy concerning Tyre, comprehending both the city on the continent and that on the island, and most punctually fulfilled in regard to both. That on the continent was razed to the ground by Nebuchadnezzar, B. C. 572, and that on the island by Alexander the Great, B. C. 332. And at présent, and for ages past, this ancient and renowned city, once the emporium of the world, and by her great naval superiority the centre of a powerful monarchy, is literally what the prophet has repeatedly foretold it should - be, and what in his time was, humanly speaking, so highly improbablea BĄRE rock, a place to spread nets on! A. M, 3416.

ND it came to pass in the

6 And her daughters which are

Å. M. 3416. B. C. 588. Ol. XLVIII. 1. eleventh year, in the first in the field shall be slain by the Ol. XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci, day of the month, that the word sword; and they shall know Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 29. of the LORD came unto me, that I am the LORD.

R. Roman., 29. saying,

7 For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I 2 Son of man, because that Tyrus hath will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, that was the gates of the people : she is with horses, and with chariots, and with turned unto me: I shall be replenished, now horsemen, and companies, and much people. she is laid wasté :

8 He shall slay with the sword thy daugh3 Therefore, thus saith the Lord God: Be- ters in the field : and he shall 5 make a fort hold, I am against thee, O Tyrus, and will against thee, and h cast a mount against thee, cause many nations to come up against thee, and lift up the buckler against thee. as the sea causeth his waves to come up. 9 And he shall set engines of war against

4 And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, thy walls, and with his axes he shall break and break down her towers: I will also scrape down thy towers. her dust from her, and make her like the top 10 By reason of the abundance of his horses of a rock,

their dust shall cover thee : thy, walls shall 5 It shall be a place for the spreading of shake at the noise of the horsemen, and of nets, d in the midst of the sea : for I have the wheels, and of the chariots, when he shall spoken it, saith the Lord God: and it shall enter into thy gates, i as men enter into a city become a spoil 10 the nations.

wherein is made a breach.

* Isa. xxiii.; Jer. xxv. 22; xlvii. 4; Amos i. 9; Zech. ix. 2. Chap. xxv. 3; xxxvi. 2. — Ver. 14. Chap. xxvii. 32. Chap. xxv. 5.

Ezra vii. 12; Dan. ii. 37. — Chap. xxi. 22. Or, pour out the engine of shot.- i Heb. according to the enterings of a city

broken up.


Verse 4. I will also scrape her dust from her] I Verse 1. The eleventh year] This was the year in will totally destroy her fortifications, and leave, her nowhich Jerusalem was taken ; the eleventh of the cap- thing but a barren rock, as she was before. · This cantivity of Jeconiah, and the eleventh of the reign of not refer to the capture of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar. Zedekiah. What month we are not told, though the day It flourished long after his time. is mentioned. There have been many conjectures about Verse 5. A place for the spreading of nets) A place this, which are not of sufficient consequence to be detailed. for the habitation of some poor fishermen, who spent

Verse 2. Tyrus hath said] From this it would ap- the fishing season there, and were accustomed to dry pear that Jerusalem had been taken, which was on the their nets upon the rocks. See on ver. 11. fourth month of this year; but it is possible that the Verse 6. And her daughters] The places depenprophet speaks of the event beforehand.

dent on Tyre. As there were two places called Tyre, She is broken that was the gates of the people) Jeru- one on the main land, and the other on a rock in the salem, a general emporium.

sea, opposite to that on the main land, sometimes the I shall be replenished] The merchandise that went one seems to be spoken of, and sometimes the other. to Jerusalem will come to me, (to Tyre.)

That on the land, Palætyre, was soon taken; but that Verse 3. Will cause many nations to come up against in the sea cost Nebuchadnezzar thirteen years of siege thee We have already seen that the empire of the and blockade. The two formed only one city, and one Chaldeans was composed of many different provinces, state. and that Nebuchadnezzar's army was composed of sol- Verse 7. Nebuchadrezzar_king of kings] An diers from different nations: these may be the people ancient title among those proud Asiatic despots meant; but I doubt whether this may not refer to the skind lan slow shahinshah and padshah, titles still different nations which in successive ages fought against in use. Tyre. It was at last finally destroyed in the sixteenth Verse 8. Thy daughters in the field] This seems century of the Christian era.

to be spoken of Palætyre, or Tyre on the main land;

B. C. 588.

B. C. 588.

The destruction of


Tyre foretold. A. M. 3416. 11 With the hoofs of his horses and shall tremble at every mo

A. M. 3416. 01. XLVIII. 1. shall he tread down all thy streets : ment, and u be astonished at thee. O1 XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci, he shall slay thy people by the 17. And they shall take up a Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 29. sword, and thy strong garrisons lamentation for thee, and say

R. Roman., 29 shall

down to the ground.

to thee, How art thou destroyed, that wast 12 And they shall make a spoil of thy inhabited w of seafaring men, the renowned riches, and make a prey of thy merchandise : city, which wast ? strong in the sea, she and and they shall break down thy walls, and de- her inhabitants, which cause their terror to be stroy kthy pleasant houses : and they shall on all that haunt it! lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in 18 Now shall , the isles tremble in the day the midst of the water.

of thy fall; yea, the isles that are in the sea 13 1 And I will cause the noise of m thy songs shall be troubled at thy departure. to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall be 19 For thụs saith the Lord God; When I shall no more heard.

make thee a desolate city, like the cities that are 14 And I will make thee like the top of a not inhabited; when I shall bring up the deep rock: thou shalt be a place to spread nets upon thee, and great waters shall cover thee; upon; thou shalt be built no more: for I the 20 When I shall bring thee down ? with Lord have spoken it, saith the Lord God. them that descend into the pit, with the people

15 Thus saith the Lord God to Tyrus; of old time, and shall set thee in the low Shall not the isles • shake at the sound of thy parts of the earth, in places desolate of old, fall, when the wounded cry, when the slaughter with them that go down to the pit, that thou is made in the midst of thee?

be not inhabited ; and I shall set glory bin 16 Then all the p princes of the sea shall the land of the living ;

come down from their thrones, and lay - 21 c I will make theed a terror, and thou away their robes, and put off their broidered shalt be no more: though thou be sought garments : they shall clothe themselves with for, yet shalt thou never be found again, saith

trembling; they shall sit upon the ground, the Lord God. k Heb. houses of thy desire. | Isa. xiv. Il; xxiv. 8; Jer. Jer. vii. 29; chap. xix. 1; xxvii. 2, 32; xxviii. 12 ; xxn. vii. 34 ; xvi. 9; xxv. 10.--mIsa. xxiii. 16; chap. xxviii. 13; 2; Rev. xviii. 9. — Heb. of the seas.- *Isa. xxÑ. 4. Rev. xviii. 22. -n Ver. 1, 5.— Jer. xlix. 21; ver. 18; chap. y Ver. 15.- -z Chap. xxxii. 18, 24. a Job Hi. 14; Psa. eix. xxvii, 28; xxxi. 16. p Isa. xxii. 8.-—– Jonah ini. 6. 10; Isa. xlix. 19; lix, 10; Amos vii. 9. Chap. xxxi. 23, 26, Heb. tremblings. Job ii. 13.- Chap. xxxii. 10.- Ch. 27, 32. Chap. xxvii. 36 ; xxviii. 19.-a Heb. terrors. xxvii. 35.

e Psa. xxxvii. 36. for forts, mounts, engines of war, horses, and chariots Divine Providence as a visible argument how God has could not be brought to act against the other.

fulfilled his word concerning Tyre, that it should be the Verse 12. And they shall lay thy stones and thy top of a rock, a place for fishers to dry their nets on." timber and thy dust in the midst of the water.] This Verse 15. The isles shake at the sound of thy fall answers to the taking of Tyre by Alexander ; he ac- All those which had traded with this city, which was tually took the timbers, stones, rubbish, &c. of old the grand mart, and on which they all depended. Her Tyre, and filled up the space between it and new Tyre, ruin involved them all, and caused general wailing. and thus connected the latter with the main land; and Verse 16. The princes of the sea] The chief mathis he was obliged to do before he could take it. ritime states, such as Leptis, Utica, Carthage, Gades,

Verse 14. Thou shalt be built no more] If this re- &c. See Calmet. fer to Nebuchadnezzar's capture of the city, old Tyre Verse 17. Wast strong in the sea] The strength must be intended : that was destroyed by him, and of Tyre was so great, that Alexander despaired of being never rebuilt.

But I doubt whether the whole of this able to reduce it unless he could fill up that arm of the prophecy do not refer to the taking of Tyre by Alex- sea that ran between it and the main land. And this ander, three hundred years after its capture by Nebu- work cost his army seven months of labour. chadnezzar. Indeed it may include more recent con- Verse 20.' And I shall set glory in the land of the quests of this important city. It went through a living.) Judea so called, the land of the living God. variety of vicissitudes till 1289, when it and the neigh- Verse 21. Yel shalt thou never be found again} bouring towns were sacked and ravaged by the Mame. This is literally true; there is not the smallest vestige lukes. Mr. Maundrell, who visited this place, says, of the ancient Tyre, that which was erected on the " it is a Babel of broken walls, pillars, vaults, &c., main land. Even the ground seems to have been there being not so much as one entire house left! Its washed away, and the new Tyre is in nearly a simipresent inhabitants are only a few poor wretches, har- lar state. i think this prophecy must be extended to bouring themselves in the vaults, and subsisting chiefly the whole duration of Tyre. If it now be found to be on fishing; who seem to be preserved in this place by in the state here described, it is sufficient to show the

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