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A. M. 3411.
B. C. 593.

B. C.593.

Anno

Threatenings of God

EZEKIEL.

against Israel. 4 Seeing then that I will cut the LORD; Say, A sword, a

A. M. 3411. 01. XLVI. 4. off from thee the righteous and sword is sharpened, and also Ol. XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisci, the wicked, therefore shall my furbished :

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 24.

sword forth out of his sheath 10 It is sharpened to make a R. Roman., 24. against all flesh, a from the south to the north : sore slaughter; it is furbished that it may

5 That all flesh may know that I the LORD glitter : should we then make mirth? kit conhave drawn forth my sword out of his sheath : temneth the rod of my son, as every tree. it e shall not return any more.

11 And he hath given it to be furbished, 6 Sigh therefore, thou son of man, with the that it may be handled : this sword is sharpbreaking of 'thy, loins : and with bitterness ened, and it is furbished, to give it into the sigh before their eyes.

hand of the slayer. 7. And it shall be, when they say unto thee, 12 Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall Wherefore sighest thou ? that thou shalt be upon my people, it shall be upon all the answer, For the tidings; because it cometh : princes of Israel : m terrors by reason of the and every heart shall melt, and all hands sword shall be upon my people : smite thereshall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and fore upon thy thigh. all knees h shall be weak as water: behold, it 13 • Because it is pa trial, and what if the cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the sword contemn even the rod ? 9 it shall be no Lord God.

more, saith the Lord God. 8 Again the word of the LORD came unto 14 Thou, therefore, son of man, prophesy, me, saying,

and smite thine s hands together, and let the 9 Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith sword be doubled the third time, the sword

d Chap. xx. 47. So Isa. xlv. 23; Iv. 11.-rlsaxxii. 4. ple. - Jer. xxxi. 19.- o Or, When the trial hath been, what & Chap. vii. 17. th Heb. shall go into water. - Deut. xxxii. 41; ihen? shall they not also belong to the despising rod ?- - Job ir, ver. 15, 28. Or, it is the rod of my son, à despiseth every tree. 23 ; 2 Cor. viii. 2. Ver. 27.—Num. xxiv. 10; ver. 17; I Ver. 19. Or, they are thrust down to the sword with my peo- chap. vi. 11. - Heb. hand to hand.

whole of the Book of Ezekiel, all the prophecies of despises the power and influence of my son

onIsrael, Daniel, the bright example of Shadrach, Meshach, and the Jewish people : “Out of Egypt have I called my Abed-nego, the decrees passed in favour of the reli- son." gion of the true God by Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, Da- As every tree.] As all the stocks, kindreds, and narius, &c. And to this dispensation of God's merciful tions, over which I have already given him commisprovidence we owe the Books and example of Ezra sion. Can the rod of Israel be spared, when the trees and Nehemiah. Where then is the injustice, so loudly of Assyria, Egypt, &c., have been cut down? declaimed against, of God's thus cutting off from the Verse 11. This sword is sharpened] It is prepared land of Judea the righteous with the wicked? The for the slaughter, it is furbished; from the French, righteous were not cut off for the crimes of the wicked, fourbir, to polish, brighten. He shall have splendid (see chap. xviii.,) nor were these crimes visited upon victories every where. Some complain of corruption them; yet several of them shared in the common cala- in the original in this place ; but I think without suffmity, but none perished. Those that were removed by cient reason. a violent death, (and I believe we shall find few such,) Verse 12. Smite-upon thy thigh.] See on Jer. got a speedier entrance into eternal glory.

xxxi. 19. So Homer, Il. xv. ver. 113 :Verse 4. From the south to the north] The whole

“Ως εφαρ'· αυταρ Αρης θαλερω πεπληγεσο μηρω land shall be ravaged from one end to the other. Verse 5. It shall not return any more.) That is, till

Χερσι καταπρηνεσσ', ολοφυρομενος δε προσηυδα. all the work that I have designed for it is done. Nor

" She spake; and, with expanded arms his thighs did it ; for Nebuchadnezzar never rested till he had

Smiting, thus sorrowful the god exclaimed.” subdued all the lands from the south to the north, from

CowPER. the Euphrates to the Nile.

Verse 13. Because it is a trial] This will be a Verse 6. Sighwith the breaking of thy loins] Let trial of strength and skill between the Chaldeans and thy mourning for this sore calamity be like that of a the Jews ; and a trial of faith and patience to the woman in the pains of travail.

righteous. Verse 7. Wherefore sighest thou ?] The prophet And what if the sword, (Nebuchadnezzar,) contema was a sign unto them. His sighing and mourning even the rod ?] Overthrow Zedekiah? It will do so ; showed them how they should act.

for the regal government of Judea shall be no more. All knees shall be weak as water] See the note on Or, it is tried; that is, the sword. Nebuchadnezzar chap. vii. 17.

has already shown himself strong and skilful. Verse 10. It contemneth the rod of my son] “ It," Verse 14. Let the sword be doubled the third time) the sword of Nebuchadnezzar, “ contemneth the rod,” | The sword has been doubled, and it shall come the 482

( 31* )

*Anno

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The divination of the

CHAP. XXI.

Chaldeans by arrows. A. M. 3411.

of the slain : it is the sword of of one land : and choose thou a A. M. 3411. B. C. 593.

B. C. 593. 01. XLVI. 4. the great men that are slain, which place, choose it at the head of OI. XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisci, entereth into their privy cham- the way to the city.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 24. bers.

20. Appoint a way, that the R. Roman., 24. 15 I have set the point of the sword against sword may come to Rabbath of the Ammonall their gates, that their heart may faint, and ites, and to Judah in Jerusalem the defenced. their ruins be multiplied: ah! 'it is made 21 For the king of Babylon stood at the bright, it is w wrapped up for the slaughter. : ' parting of the way, at the head of the two

16. * Go thee one way or other, either on the ways, to use divination : he made his d arrows right hand, Yor on the left, whithersoever thy bright, he consulted with images, he looked face is set.

in the liver: 17 I will also ? smite mine hands together, 22 At his right hand was the divination for and I will cause my fury to resť: I the LORD Jerusalem, to appoint fcaptains, 's to open the have said it..

mouth in the slaughter, to h lift up the voice .18 The word of the Lord came unto me with shouting, i to appoint battering rams again, saying,

against the gates, to cast a mount, and to 19 Also, thou son of man, appoint thee two build a fort. ways, that the sword of the king of Babylon 23 And it shall be unto them as a false may come: both twain shall come forth out divination in their sight, * to them that have 11 Kings xx. 30; xxii 25.-Or, glittering, or fear.- - Ver.

c Heb. mother of the way.

- Or, knives.

Heb. teraphim. 10, 28. Or, sharpened. Chap. xiv. 17.— Heb. set thy. Or, battering rams, chap. iv. 2.—Heb. rams. h Jer. li. 14. self, take the left hand. — Ver. 14; chap. xxii. 13.- Chap. Chap. iv, 2.- * Or, for the oaths made unto them. - Chap. -b Jer. xlix. 2 ; chap. xxv.5; Amos i. 14.

xvii. 13, 15, 16, 18. third time. Nebuchadnezzar came against Judea 1. He made bright his arrows. This might be after THRICE. 1. Against Jehoiakim. 2. Against Jeconiah. the manner in which the divination is still practised 3. Against Zedekiah. The sword had already been among the Arabs. These arrow's were without head doubled; it is to come now the third time, i. e., against or wing. They took three. On one they wrote, ComZedekiah,

mand me, Lord. On the second, Forbid me, Lord. The sword of the slain) oibhn aon chereb chalalim, The third was blank. These were put in a bag, and “the sword of the soldiers," of the Chaldeans. So the querist put in his hand and took one out. If it in the next clause, Sogam berat hi chereb chalal was Command me, he set about the business immedihaggadol, “ it is the sword of that great soldier," that ately ; if it was Forbid me, he rested for a whole year ; eminent king and conqueror. This is the meaning of if it was the blank one, he drew again.

On all occathe word 550 chalal, that is so ill rendered in almost sions the Arabs consulted futurity by such arrows. See every place of its occurrence, in our Version. See D'Herbelot, under the word Acdah. Dr. Kennicolt.

2. As to the images, the Hebrew calls them d'or Verse 15. Wrapped up] It is not a blunt sword, it teraphim. See the note on Gen. xxxi. 19. is carefully sharpened and preserved for the slaughter. 3. And as to the liver, I believe it was only in

Verse 16. Go thee one way or other] Thou shalt specied to see whether the animal offered in sacrifice prosper, O sword, whithersoever thou turnést ; against were sound and healthy, of which the state of the liver Ammon, or Judea, or Egypt.

is the most especial indication. When the liver is Verse 19. Appoint thee two ways] Set off from sound, the animal is healthy ; and it would have been Babylon, and lay down two ways, either of which thou a bad omen to any who offered sacrifice, to find that mayest take ; that to the right, which leads to Jeru- the animal they had offered to their gods was diseased ; salem ; or that to the left, which leads to Rabbath of as, in that case, they would have taken for granted the Ammonites, ver. 20. But why against the Am- that the sacrifice was not accepted. monites ? Because both they and the Moabites were Verse 22. At his right hand was the divination for united with Zedekiah against the Chaldeans, (see Jer. Jerusalem) He had probably written on two arrows ; xxvii. 3,) though they afterwards fought against Jadea, one, Jerusalem; the other, Rihlath; the third, left chap. xii. 6.

blank. He drew, and that on which Jerusalem was Verse 21. For the king of Babylon stood at the written came to his hand ; in consequence of which parting of the way] He was in doubt which way he he marched immediately against that city. It was ripe should first take ; whether to humble the Ammonites for destruction ; and had he marched before or after, by taking their metropolis, Riblath, or go at once it would have fallen ; but he never considered himself against Jerusalem.

In this case of uncertainty, he as sure of the conquest till now. made use of divination. And this was of three kinds : Verse 23. To them that have sworn oaths] To 1. By arroos. 2. By images or talismans. 3. By Zedekiah and his ministers, who had bound themselves inspecting the entrails of a sacrifice offered on the by the oath of the Lord to be faithful to the Chaloccasion.

deans, and to pay them the promised tribute. The

B. C. 593.

Anno

Anno

The destruction of

EZEKIEL.

the Ammonites foretold, A. M. 3411.

A. M. 3411, sworn oathis : but he will call to Ammonites, and concerning

B. C. 593. 01. XLVI. 4. remembrance the iniquity, that their reproach ; even say thou, OL XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisei, they may be taken.

• The sword, the sword 'is Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 24.

24 Therefore thus saith the drawn : for the slaughter it is R. Roman, 24. Lord God; Because ye have made your ini- furbished, to consume because of the glitquity to be remembered, in that your trans- tering: gressions are discovered, so that in all your 29 Whiles they see vanity unto thee, whiles doings your sins do appear; because, I say, they divine a lie unto thee, to bring thee that ye are come to remembrance, ye shall be upon the necks of them that are slain, of taken with the hand.

the wicked, "whose day is come, when their 25 And thou profane wicked prince of iniquity shall have an end. Israel, " whose day is come, when iniquity 30 Shall w I cause it to return into his shall have an end,

sheath? will judge thee in the place where 26 Thus saith the Lord God; Remove the thou wast created, y in the land of thy nativity. diadem, and take off the crown : this shall 31 And I will ? pour out mine indignation not be the same : o exalt him that is low, and upon thee, I will a blow against thee in the abase him that is high.

fire of my wrath, and deliver thee into the 27 PI will overturn, overturn, overturn it : hand of brutish men, and skilful to destroy. 9 and it shall be no more, until he come whose 32 Thou shalt be for fuel to the fire ; thy right it is; and I will give it him.

blood shall be in the midst of the land ; • thou 28 And thou, son of man, prophesy and say, shalt be no more remembered: for I the LORD - Thus saith the Lord God 'concerning the have spoken it.

m 2 Chron. xxxvi. 13; Jer. lii. 2; chap. xvii. 19. — Ver. 29 ; Ver. 9, 10.- – Chap. xii. 24; xxi. 28. - Ver. 25; Job chap. xxxv.5.0 Cháp. xvii. 24; Luke i. 52. p Heb. perverl. xviii. 20; Psa. xxxvii. 13. Or, Cause it to return. —W Jer. ed, perverted, perverted will I make it.-Gen. xlix. 10; ver. 13; xlvii. 6, 7. - Gen. xv. 14; chap. xvi. 38.—Chap. xvi. 3. Luke i. 32, 33; John i. 49.— Jer. xlix. 1 ; chap. xxv. 2, 3, 6; 2 Chap. vii. 8; xiv. 19; xxii. 22. Chap. xxii 20, 21. - Or, Zeph. ii. 8, 9, 10.

burning- Chap. xxv. 10. oaths may refer, farther, to the alliances formed with the The 17w avah, which we translate overturn, is thrice Egyptians, Ammonites, and others. They will not believe repeated here ; to point out, say the rabbins, the three that Nebuchadnezzar shall succeed against them, while conquests of Jerusalem, in which Jehoiakim, Jeconiah, they expect the powerful assistance of the Egyptians. and Zedekiah were overthrown.

Verse 25. And thou profane wicked prince of Israel] Verse 28. Concerning the Ammonites] They had Zedekiah, called here profane, because he had broken reproached and insulted Judea in its low estate, see his oath ; and wicked, because of his opposition to chap. xxv. This prophecy against them was fulfilled God and his prophet.

about five years after the taking of Jerusalem. See Whose day is come] Who in a short time shalt be Joseph. Ant. lib. x. c. 11; and Jer. xxvii., xlviii., xlix.; delivered into the hands of thy enemies.

Ezek. xxv. Verse 26. Exall him that is low] Give Gedaliah Verse 30. I will judge thee) This seems to refer the government of Judea.

to Nebuchadnezzar, who, after his return from JerusaAbase him that is high.) Depose Zedekiah-remove lem, became insane, and lived like a beast for seren his diadem, and take off his crown.

years; but was afterwards restored, and acknowledged Verse 27. I will overturn] I will utterly destroy the the Lord. Jewish government. Perverted will I make it. See Verse 32. Thou shall be no more remembered] The the margin.

empire of the Chaldeans was destroyed, and the power Until he come whoseis) pour mishpat, the judg- transferred to the Persians ; the Persian empire was ment; i. e., till the coming of the son of David, the destroyed, and given to the Greeks ; the Grecian emLord Jesus; who, in a mystic and spiritual sense, shall pire was destroyed, and given to the Mohammedans ; have the throne of Israel, and whose right it is. See and the destruction of the Mohammedans is at no great the famous prophecy, Gen. xlix. 10, and Luke i. 32. | distance.

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CHAPTER XXII.

This chapter contains a recital of the sins of Jerusalem, 1-12; for which God threatens it wilh severe judg.

ments, 13-16, in order to purify it from the dross, 17-22. And as the corruption is general, perrading prophets, priests, princes, and people ; so, it is declared, shall be the punishment, 23-31.

cir. annum 24.

The dreadful catalogue

CHAP. XXII.

of the sins of Israel 13.c. cir. 392.. MOREOVER the word of the blood : "and in thee they eat AB.Mc.clr. 343..

Ol. XLVI. 4. LORD came unto me, saying, upon the mountains : in the OI. XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 2 Now, thou son of man, * wilt midst of thee they commit lewd

R. Roman., cir. annum 24. thou judge, wilt thou judge • the ness. d bloody city ? yea, thou shalt • show her all 10 In thee have they discovered their father's her abominations.

nakedness : in thee have they humbled her 3 Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord God; that was " set apart for pollution. The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, 11 And one hath committed abomination that her time may come, and maketh idols with his neighbour's wife; and another against herself to defile herself.

y hath ? lewdly defiled his daughter-in-law : 4 Thou art become guilty in thy blood that and another in thee hath humbled his a sister, thou hast fshed, and hast defiled thyself in his father's daughter. thine idols which thou hast made; and thou 12 In thee have they taken gifts to shed hast caused thy days to draw near, and art blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, come even unto thy years : & therefore have I and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighmade thee a reproach unto the heathen, and a bours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, mocking to all countries.

saith the Lord God. 5 Those that be near, and those that be far 13 Behold, therefore, I have • smitten mine from thee, shall mock thee, which art hinfamous hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast and much vexed.

made, and at thy blood which hath been in 6 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one the midst of thee. were in thee to their power to shed blood. 14 ? Can thine heart endure, or can thine

7 In thee have they 'set light by father and hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal mother: in the midst of thee have they m dealt with thee ? & I the Lord have spoken it, and by noppression with the stranger: in thee have will do it. they vexed the fatherless and the widow. 15 And I will scatter thee among the

8 Thou hast" despised mine holy things, heathen, and disperse thee in the countries, and hast P profaned my sabbaths.

and i will consume thy filthiness out of thee. 9 In thee are 9 men "that carry tales to shed 16 And thou shalt take thine inheritance

Chap. xx. 4; xxiii. 36. b Or, plead for.. Chap. xxiv. 6,9; u Lev. xviii. 19; xx. 18; chap. xviii. 6. - Or, every one. Nah. ii. 1. -d Heb. city of bloode. Heb. make her know; w Lev. xviii. 20; xx. 10; Deut. xxii. 22; Jer. v. 8; chap. xviii. chap. xvi. 2. 1 2 Kings xxi. 16. -. Deut. xxviii. 37; 1 Kings 11.- Or, every one. --y Lev. xviii. 15; xx. 12.

-z Or, by ix. 7; chap. v. 14; Dan. ix. 16.- h Heb. polluted of name, much lewdness, - Lev. xviii. 9; xx. 17. . Exod. xxiii. 8; Deut. in vexation. -i Isa. i. 23; Mic. iii. 1, 2, 3; Zeph. iii. 3. xvi. 19; xxvii. 25. „¢ Exod. xxii. 25; Lev. xxv. 36; Deut. k Heb.arm.

u Deut. xxvii. 16. -m Exod. xxii. 21, 22. -n Or, xxiii. 19; chap. xviii. 13.- - Deut. xxxii. 18; Jer. iii. 21 ; chap. deceit.—o Ver. 26.- -P Lev. xix. 30; chap. xxiii. 38. - Heb. xxiii. 35. Chap. xxi. 17. See chap. xxi. 7. -g Chap. men of slanders. - Exod. xxiii. 1; Lev. xix. 16. Chap. | xvii. 24. -h Deut. iv. 27; xxviii. 25, 64 ; chap. xii. 14, 15. xviii. 6, 11. - Lev. xviii. 7, 8; xx. Il; I Cor. v. I.

i Chap. xxiii. 27, 48. Or, shall be profaned. NOTES ON CHAP. XXII.

do not reverence their parents. Parental affection and Verse 2. Will thou judge the bloody city] Pro- filial respect do not exist among you.

The stranger is nounce the sentence of death against the murderers. not only not succoured, but he is oppressed. The wi

Show her all her abominations.] And a most revolt- dows and fatherless are vered by wrongs and exactions. ing and dreadful catalogue of these is in consequence Verse 8. Thou hast despised] All my ordinances exhibited.

are not only neglected, but treated with contempt; and Verse 3. Her time may come] Till now, it was my my Sabbaths profaned. There is not only no power of long-suffering; she has fulfilled her days—completed godliness among you, but there is no form. the time of her probation ; has not mended, but is daily Verse 9. In thee are men that carry tales) Witworse; therefore her judgment can linger no longer. nesses that will swear any thing, even where life is

Verse 4. Thou art become guilty in thy blood] Thou concerned. art guilty of blood,

They eat upon the mountains) Sacrifice to idols, and Verse 5. Those that be near] Both distant as well celebrate their festivals. as neighbouring provinces consider thee the most aban- Verse 10. In thee have they discovered] They are doned of characters; and through thee many have been guilty of the most abominable incest and unnatural lust. involved in distress and ruin,

In thee have they humbled] In their unholy and unVerse 6. Behold, the princes) Ye are a vile and natural connexions, they have not abstained from those murderous people, and your princes have been of the set apart because of their infirmities. The catalogue of same character. Like people, like prince.

crimes that follow is too plain to require comment. Verse 7. In thee have they set light) The children Verse 16. Thou shalt know that I am the Lord.)

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C. . Ol. XLVI. 4.

OI. XLVI. 4.

cir. annum 24.

The corrupt-sțate of the people, EZEKIEL and their consequent punishment. AB. M. cirr. 393. in thyself in the sight of the the prey: they * have devoured A: Mi cir. 3411.

heathen, and thou shalt know souls: they have taken the Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquini Prisci, R. Roman., that I am the LORD.

treasure and precious things : R. Roman., cir, annum 24. 17 And the word of the LORD they have made her many

widows came unto me, saying,

in the midst thereof. 18 Son of man,

m the house of Israel is to 26 Her priests have 'violated my law, and me become dross : all they are brass, and have w profaned mine holy things; they have cin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the put no * difference between the holy and profurnace; they are even the dross of silver. fane, neither have they showed difference

19 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; between the unclean and the clean, and have Because ye are all become dross, behold, hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am therefore I will gather you into the midst of profaned among them. Jerusalem.

27 y Her princes in the midst thereof are like 20.o As they gather silver, and brass, and wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain. furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; 28 And ? her prophets have daubed them so will I gather you in mine anger and in with untempered mortar, * seeing vanity, and my fury, and I will leave you there, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith

the Lord God, when the LORD hath not 21 Yea, I will gather you, and P blow upon spoken. you in the fire of my wrath, and ye shall be 29 The people of the land have used . opmelted in the midst thereof.

pression, and exercised robbery, and have 22 As silver is melted in the midst of the vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst oppressed the stranger wrongfully. thereof: and ye shall know that I the LORD 30 f And I sought for a man among them, have 4 poured out my fury upon you. that should & make up the hedge, and stand in

23 And the word of the LORD came unto me, the gap before me for the land, that I should saying,

not destroy it: but I found none. 24. Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the 31 Therefore have I poured out mine inland that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in dignation upon them; I have consumed them the day of indignation.

with the fire of my wrath : ktheir own way have 25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in I recompensed upon their heads, saith the the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening Lord God.

melt you.

1 Psa. ix. 16; chap. vi. 7.--mIsa. i. 22; Jer. vi. 28, &c.; y Isa. i, 23 ; chap. xxii. 6; Mic. iii. 2, 3, 9, 10, 11; Zeph. ii. 3. see Psa. cxix. 119. n Heb. drosses. Heb. according to the - Chap. xiii. 10. Chap. xiii. 6, 7; xxi. 29.- Jer. v. 26, gathering: -- Chap. xxii. 20, 21, 22. - Chap. xx. 8, 33; ver. 3). 27, 28; chap. xviii. 12. - Or, deceit. d Exod. xxii. 21; wii. Hoş. vi. 9. Matt. xxiii. 14. -1 Mic. ii. 11; Zeph. iii. 3, 4. 9; Lev. xix. 33, chap. xxii. 7.—Heb. without right.- Jer. u Mal. i. 8. -v Heb, offered violence to.- -w Lev. xxii. 2, &c.; v. 1.

Chap. xiii. 5. to Psa. cvi. 23. -Ver. 22.

- Ch. 1 Sam. ii. 29. -Lev. x. 10; Jer. xv. 19; chap. xliv. 23. ix. 10; xi. 21 ; xvi. 43.

I shall so deal with and punish thee, that thou shalt bé Verse 25. There is a conspiracy] The false proobliged to own the vindictive hand of a sin-avenging God. phets have united together to say and support the samo

Verse 18. The house of Israel is to me become dross) things; and have been the cause of the destruction of They are all like base metal-brass, tin, iron, and lead souls, and the death of many, so that widows, through alloyed together with silver. Ye must be put in the their means, are multiplied in thèe. furnace, and subjected to the most intense fire, till your Verse 26. Her priests] Even they whose lips should impurities are consumed away. No ordinary means will preserve knowledge, have not instructed the people : avail any thing; the most violent must be resorted to. they have violated my law, not only in their private

Verse 19. I will gather you] . Jerusalem is repre- conduct, but in their careless and corrupt manner of sented here as the fining poi; all the people are to be serving in my temple. gathered together in it, and the Chaldean fire is to melt Verse 27. Her princes] Are as bad as her priests; the whole. And God will increase thy sufferings : as they are rapacious, and grievously oppress the people the refiner blows the fire with his bellows, so God will by unjust impositions in order to increase their reveblow upon you with the fire of his wrath, ver. 21.

Verse 24. Thou art the land that is not cleansed] Verse 28. Her prophets] Even those who profess Thou art like a country where there is no rain, either themselves to be my prophets, have been unfaithful in to cleanse the garments, or fertilize the ground. the discharge of their office; have soothed the people

nues.

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