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B. C. 593.
He shows the elders their
sin and ingratitude.
A. M. 3411.
not every man cast away the Ol. XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisci, 5 And say unto them, Thus abominations of their eyes, nei- Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 24.
saith the Lord God; In the day ther did they forsake the idols R. Roman., 24. when I chose Israel, and 6 lifted up mine of Egypt: then I said, I will pour out my hand unto the seed of the house of Jacob, and fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against made myself bknown unto them in the land them in the midst of the land of Egypt. of Egypt, when I lifted up mine hand unto 9. But I wrought for my name's sake, that them, saying, I am the LORD your God; it should not be polluted before the heathen, 6 In the day that I lifted up '
mine hand among whom they were, in whose sight I unto them, k to bring them forth of the land made myself known unto them, in bringing of Egypt into a land that I had espied for them forth out of the land of Egypt. them, flowing with milk and honey, 'which 10 Wherefore I 'caused them to go forth is the glory of all lands :
out of the land of Egypt, and brought them 7 Then said I unto them, Cast ye away into the wilderness. every man - the abominations of his eyes, and 11 And I gave them my statutes, and defile not yourselves with othe idols of Egypt: + showed them my judgments, a which if a I am the LORD your God.
man do, he shall even live in them.
Exod. vi. 7; Deut. vii. 6. —:0r, sware ; and so ver. 6, &c.; p Chap. vii. 8; ver. 13, 21. - See Exod. xxxii. 12; Num.
Exod. iii. 8, 17; Deut. viii. 7, 8, 9; Jer. xxxii. 22. Exod. xiv. 18. - Deut. iv. 8; Neh. ix. 13, 14; Psa. cxlvii. Psa. xlvii. 2; ver. 15; Dan. viii. 9; xi. 16, 41; Zech. vii. 14. 19, 20. Heb. made them to knoi. Lev. xviíi. 5; ver. 13, m Chap. xviii. 31.- -- 2 Chron. xv. 8. Lo Lev. xvii. 7; xviii. 21; Rom. x. 5; Gal. iii. 12. —Exod. xx. 8; xxxi. 13, &c.; 3; Deut. xxix. 16, 17, 18; Josh. xxiv. 14.
xxxv, 2; Deut. v. 12; Neh. ix. 14. bellion, and idolatry of the Jews, from the earliest Ensuing years the yellow harvest crowned, times to that day; and vindicates the sentence which The bearded blade sprang from the untilled ground, God, had pronounced against them, and which he was And laden, unrenewed, the fields were found. about to execute more fully in delivering them and the Floods were with milk, and floods with nectar filled, city into the hands of the Chaldeans.
And honey from the sweating oaks distilled. Verse 5. I chose Israel] They did not choose me In the flourishing state of Judea every mountain was for their God, till I had chosen them to be my people. cultivated as well as the valleys. Among the very · I lifted up mine hand] I bound myself in a cove rocks the vines grew luxuriantly. nant to them to continue to be their God, if they should
Verse 7. Cast ye away-the abominations) Put be faithful, and continue to be my people. Among the Jews the juror lifted up his right hand to heaven; away all your idols ; those incentives to idolatry that
ye have looked on with delight. which explains Psa. cxliv. 8: “Their right hand is a right hand of falsehood." This is a form used in nued attached to the idolatry of Egypt; so that, had
Verse 8. They did not-cast away) They conti-
I consulted my justice only, I should have consumed
God by their idolatry, after he had sent Moses and himself as having gone over different countries in order
Verse 9. But I wrought for my name's sake) I to find a comfortable residence for these people, whom bare with them and did not punish them, lest the he considered as his children.
heathen, who had known my promises made to them, Flowing with milk and honey) These were the might suppose that I had either broken them through characteristics of a happy and fruitful country, pro- some caprice, or was not able to fulfil them. dueing without intense labour all the necessaries and
Verse 10. I caused them to go forth] Though greatly comforls of life. Of the happiest state and happiest oppressed and degraded, they were not willing to leave place, a fine poet gives the following description :
their house of bondage. I was obliged to force them -Ver erat æternum, placidique tepentibus auris
away. Mulcebant Zephyri natos sine semine flores.
Verse 11. I gave them my statutes] I showed Mox etiam fruges tellus inarata ferebat :
them what they should do in order to be safe, comfort-
Had they attended to these things, they should have
Verse 12.'I gave them my Sabbaths) The religious
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The rebellion and idolatry
of the Israelites. A. M. 3411.
to be a sign between me and 19 I am the LORD your God; B. C. 593. Ol. XLVI. 4. them, that they might know that 5 walk in my statutes, and keep OL. XLVI. 4.
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
R. Roman., 24. them.
20 h And hallow my sabbaths; 13 But the house of Israel * rebelled against and they shall be a sign between me and me in the wilderness: they walked not in my you, that ye may know that I am the LORD statutes, and they despised my judgments, your God. which if a man do, he shall even live in them; 21 Notwithstanding i the children rebelled and my sabbaths they greatly "polluted : then against me: they walked not in my statutes, I said, I would pour out my fury upon them neither kept my judgments to do them, * which in the ? wilderness, to consume them. if -a man do, he shall even live in them;
14 But I wrought for my name's sake, that they polluted my sabbaths: then I said, 'I it should not be polluted before the heathen, would pour out my fury upon them, to acin whose sight I brought them out.
complish my anger against them in the wil:15 Yet also bI lifted up my hand unto them derness. in the wilderness, that I would not bring them 22 m Nevertheless I withdrew mine hand, into the land which I had given them, flowing and a wrought for my name's sake, that it with milk and honey, a which is the glory of should not be polluted in the sight of the all lands;
heathen, in whose sight I brought them forth. 16 Because they despised- my judgments, 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in and walked not in my statutes, but polluted the wilderness, that ° I would scatter them my sabbaths : for © their heart went after their among the heathen, and disperse them through idols.
the countries ; 17 Nevertheless minc eye spared them 24 Because they had not executed my judgfrom destroying them, neither did I make an ments, but had despised my statutes, and had end of them in the wilderness.
polluted my sabbaths, and their eyes were 18 But I said unto their children in the after their fathers' idols. wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of 25. Wherefore "I gave them also statutes your fathers, neither observe their judgments, that were not good, and judgments whereby nor defile yourselves with their idols : they should not live;
w Num. xiv, 22; Psa. lxxviii. 40; xcv. 8, 9, 10.- -* Ver. 16, h Ver. 12; Jer. xvii. 22. -i Num. xxv. 1, 2; Deut. ix. 23, 24; 24; Prov. i. 25. Num. xiv. 29; xxvi. xxxi. 27.
Psa. lxxvii. 38; 65; Psa. cvi. 23, a Ver. 9, 22. b Num. xiv, 28; Psa. xcv.
Ver. 9, 14. o Lev. xxvi. 33 ; Deut. xxviii, 64; Il; cvi. 26. Ver. 6. - Ver. 13, 24.- Num. xv. 39; Psa. cvi. 27; Jer. xv. 4. -p Ver. 13, 16. -9 See chap. vi. 9. Psa. lxxviii. 37; Amos v. 25, 26; Acts vii. 42, 43.- Psa. See Psa. lxxxi. 12; ver. 39; Rom. i. 24; 2 Thess. lxxviii. 38. Deut. v. 32, 33; vi., vii., viii., x., xi, xii. observance of the Sabbath was the first statute or com- · Verse 25. I gave them also statutes that were not mand of God to men. This institution was a sign be- good] What a foolish noise-has been made about this tween God and them, to keep them in remembrance of verse by critics, believers and infidels! How is it that the creation of the world, of the rest that he designed God can be said “ to give a people statutes that were them in Canaan, and of the eternal inheritance among not good, and judgments whereby they could not live ?" the saints in light of these things the Sabbath was I answer, in their sense of the words, God never gave a type and pledge.
any such, at any time, to any people. Let any man Verse 13. But the house of Israel rebelled] They produce an example of this kind if he can; or show acted in the wilderness just as they had done in Egypt'; even the fragment of such a law, sanctioned by the and he spared them there for the same reason. See ver. 9. Most High! The simple meaning of this place and
Verse 15. I lifted up my hand) Their provocations all such places is, that when they had rebelled against in the wilderness were so great, that I vowed never to the Lord, despised his statutes, and polluted his Sabbring them into the promised land. I did not consume baths-in effect cast him off, and given themselves them, but I disinherited them. See the note on ver. 5. wholly to their idols, then he abandoned them, and they
Verse 18. But I said unto their children] These abandoned themselves to the customs and ordinances I chose in their fathers' stead; and to them I purposed of the heathen. That this is the meaning of the words, to give the inheritance which their fathers by disobe requires no proof to them who are the least acquainted dience lost.
with the genius and idioms of the Hebrew language, Verse 22. I withdrew mine hand] I had just listed in which God is a thousand times said to do, what in it up to crush them as in a moment; for they also were the course of his providence or justice he only permits idolatrous, and walked in the steps of their fathers. to be done.
y Exod. xvi. 27.
Ver. 11, 13.
I Ver. 8, 13.
Notwithstanding their sins,
mercy is promised them. A. M. 3411. 26 And I polluted them in (pollute yourselves with all your
A. M. 3411. B. C. 593. 01. XLVI. 4. their own gifts, in that they caused idols, even unto this day: and Ol. XLVI: 4. Tarquinii Prisci, to pass s through the fire all that shall I be inquired of by you, Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
opencth the womb, that I might O house of Israel ? As I live, R. Roman., 24. make them desolate, to the end that they might saith the Lord God, I will not be inquired of know that I am the LORD.
27 Therefore, son of man, speak unto the 32 And that " which cometh into your mind house of Israel, and say unto them, Thus shall not be at all, that ye say, We will be as saith the Lord God; Yet in this your fathers the heathen, as the families of the countries, have v blasphemed me, in that they have to serve wood and stone. committed a trespass against me.
33 As I live, saith the Lord God, surely 28 For when I had brought them into the with a mighty hand, and with a stretchedland, for the which I lifted up mine hand to out arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule give it to them, then they saw every high over you: hill, and all the thick trees, and they offered 34. And I will bring you out from the people, there their sacrifices, and there they presented and will gather you out of the countries the provocation of their offering : there also wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, they made their 'sweet savour, and poured and with a stretched-out arm, and with fury out there their drink-offerings.
poured out. 29 Then y I said unto them, What is the " 35 And I will bring you into the wilderness high place whereunto ye go? And the name of the people, and there will I plead with thereof is called Bamah unto this day, you
face to face. 30 Wherefore say unto the house of Israel, 36 Like as I pleaded with your fathers in Thus saith the Lord God; Are ye polluted the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I after the manner of your fathers ? and commit plead with you, saith the Lord God. ye whoredom after their abominations ? 37 And I will cause you to 5 pass under the
31 For when ye offer ? your gifts, when ye rod, and I will bring you into the bond of make
your sons, to a pass through the fire, ye the covenant : $ 2 Kings xvii. 17; xxi. 6; 2 Chron. xxviii. 3 ; xxxiii. 6;: Jer. Bamah.
1-2 Kings xvi. 3; xxi. 6; xxiii. 10 xxxii. 35, chap. xvi. 20, 21. Chap. vi. 7.-- Rom. ii. 24.
Chap. xi. 5.— Jer. xxi. 5.- Jer. ii. 9, 35; *Heb. trespassed a trespass,
Isa. Ivii. 5, &c.; chap. vi. 13. chap. xvii. 20. See Num. xiv. 21, 22, 23, 28, 29. Lev. * Chap. xvi. 19.-oy Or, I told them what the high place was, or xxvii. 32; Jer. xxxiii. 13.-Or, a delivering.
Verse 26. I polluted them in their own gifts] I your place, restore your captivity ; yet not in mercy, permitted them to pollute themselves by the offerings but in fury poured out ; and reserve you for sorer evils, which they made to their idols. Causing their chil
ver. 34. dren to pass through the fire was one of those pollu- Verse 35. I will bring you into the wilderness of the tions; but, did God ever give them a statute or judg- people] I will bring you out of your captivity, and ment of this kind ? No. He ever inveighs against bring you into your own land, which you will find to such things, and they incur his heaviest displeasure and be a wilderness, the consequence of your crimes. See on ver. 31.
There will I plead with you] There I will be your Verse 29. What is the high place] 7236 07 mah king, and rule you with a sovereign rule ; and the dishabbamah, “what is the high place ?" What is it good pensations of my justice and mercy shall either end 'for? Its being a high place shows it to be a place of you or mend you. idolatry. '. I called it a bamah, to mark it with in- Verse 37. I will cause you to pass under the rod} famy; but ye continue to frequent it, even while it is This alludes to the custom of tithing the sheep. I called 73 bamah, to the present day!
take it from the rabbins. The sheep were all penned ; Verse 31. Ye pollute yourselves] This shows the and the shepherd stood at the door of the fold, where sense in which God says, ver. 26, “I polluted them in only one sheep could come out at once. He had in his their own gifts.” They chose to pollute themselves, hand a rod dipped in vermillion ; and as they came out, and I permitted them to do so. See on verses 25, 26. he counted one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight,
Verse 32. And that which cometh into your mind) nine ; and as the tenth came out, he marked it with Ye wish to be itaturalized among idolaters, and make the rod, and said, “ This is the tenth ;" and that was a part of such nations. But this shall not be at all ; set apart for the Lord. you shall be preserved as a distinct people. Ye shall I will bring you into the bond of the covenant] You not be permitted to mingle yourselves with the people shall be placed under the same obligations as before, of those-countries : even they, idolaters as they are, and acknowledge yourselves bound; ye shall feel your will despise and reject you. Besides, I will change obligation, and live according to its nature.
- Ver. 26. b Ver. 3.
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B. C. 593. OL XLVI. 4.
in the latter times. 38 And i I will purge out from mine - hand to give it to your OI. XLVI. 4. among you the rebels, and them fathers. Tarquinii Prisci, that transgress against me: I will 43 And there shall ye remem- Tarquinii Prisci, R. Rornan., 24. bring them forth out of the coun- ber your ways, and all your doings, R. Roman, 24. try where they sojourn, and they shall not wherein ye have been defiled ; and "ye shall enter into the land of Israel : 1 and ye shall loathe yourselves in your own sight for all know that I am the LORD.
your evils that ye have committed. 39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith 44 ?And ye shall know that I am the LORD, the Lord God; m Go ye, serve ye every one when I have wrought with you y for my name's his idols, and hereafteralso, if ye will not sake, not according to your wicked ways, hearken unto me: n but pollute ye my holy nor according to your corrupt doings, ye name no more with your gifts, and with your house of Israel, saith the Lord God. idols.
45 Moreover, the word of the LORD came 40 For 'in mine holy mountain, in the unto me, saying, mountain of the height of Israel, saith the 46 - Son of man, set thy face toward the Lord God, there shall all the house of Israel, south, and drop thy word toward the sou th, and all of them in the land, serve me: there P will prophesy against the forest of the south field; I accept them, and there will I require your 47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear offerings, and the first-fruits of your obla- the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord tions, with all your holy things.
God; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, 41 I will accept you with your 'sweet and it shall devour bevery green tree in thee, savour, when I bring you out from the people, and every dry tree : the flaming flame shall and gather you out of the countries wherein not be quenched, and all faces e from the south ye have been scattered ; and I will be sancti- to the north shall be burned therein. fied in you before the heathen.
48 And all flesh shall see that I the LORD 42 · And ye shall know that I am the Lord, have kindled it: it shall not be quenched. u when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, 49 Then said I, Ah Lord God! they say of into the country for the which I lifted up me, Doth he not speak parables ?
Chap. xxxiv. 17, 20; Matt. xxv. 32, 33.— Jer. xliv. 14. • Eph. v. 2; Phil. iv. 18. - Ver. 38, 44; chap. xxxvi. 23; Chap. vi. 7; xv. 7; xxiii. 49.-M Judg. x. 14; Psa. lxxxi. 12; xxxviii. 23. Chapter xi. 17; xxiv. 13; xxvi. 24. Amos iv. 4.- Isa. i. 13; chap. xxiu. 38, 39.—_ Isa. ii, 2, Chap. xvi. 61. Lev, xxvi. 39 ; chap. vi. 9 ; Hos. . 3; chap. xvii. 23; Mic. ir: 1. —p Isa. Ivi. 7; 1x. 7; Zech. viii.
-- Ver. 38 ; chap. xxiv. 24. - Chap. xxxvi. 22. 20, &c.;. Mal. iii. 4; Rom. xii. 1.- Or, chief.- Heb. sa- * Chap. vi, 2; axi. 2. Jer. xxi. 14. Deut. xi. 2; Luke vou of rest.
- Chap. xxi. 4.
Verse 38. I will purge out from among you the there accept, for they will give me thanks for my unrebels] The incorrigibly wicked I will destroy; those speakable gift. who will not receive him whom I have appointed for Verse 42. And ye shall know] Shall acknowledge this purpose as the Saviour of Israel, And I will that I am Jehovah. gather you who believe out of all the countries where Verse 43. And there shall ye remember your ways) you sojourn, and bring you into your own land; but Ye shall be ashamed of your past conduct, and of your those of you who will not believe-will not receive the long opposition to the Gospel of your salvation, Son of David to reign over you, shall never enter into These promises may, in a certain limited sense, be the land of Israel, but die in your dispersions. This applied to the restoration from the Babylonish captiis what the contradicting and blaspheming Jews of the vity ; but they must have their proper fulfilment when present day have to expect. And thus, both of you the Jews shall accept Jesus as their Saviour, and in shall know that he is Jehovah, fulfilling his threatenings consequence be brought back from all their dispersions against the one, and his promises to the other. to their own land.
Verse 39. Go ye, serve ye every one his idols] Thus, Verse 46. Set thy face toward the south] Towards God
gave them statutes that were not good, and judg- Judea, which lay south from Babylon, or Mesopotamia, ments whereby they could not live, by thus permitting where the prophet then dwelt. them to take their own way, serve their gods, and fol- The forest of the south field] The city of Jerusalem, low the maxims and rites of that abominable worship. as full of inhabitants as the forest is of trees. Verse 40. For in mine holy mountain] The days
Verse 47. I will kindle a fire] I will send war, shall come in which all true ISRAELITES shall receive " and it shall devour every green tree,” the most emihim whom I have sent to be the true sacrifice for the nent and substantial of the inhabitants; and every dry life of the world ; and shall bring to Jerusalem—the tree, the lowest and meanest also. pure Christian Church, their offerings, which I will The flaming flame shall not be quenched] The fierce
הלא ממשל משלים הוא [? Dath he not speak parables
against Israel. ravages of Nebuchadnezzar and the Chaldeans shall not
?) be stopped till the whole land is ruined.
'halo memashshel meshalim hu, “Is not he à maker of AU faces from the south to the north shall be burned] parables ?” Is it not his custom to deal in enigmas ? From the one end of the land to the other there shall His figures are not to be understood; we should not be nothing but fear, dismay, terror, and confusion, oc- trouble ourselves with them. We are not obliged to casioned by the wide-wasting violence of the Chal- fathom his meaning ;. and perhaps after all it does not deans. Judea lay in length from north to south. refer to us, or will not be accomplished in our time,
Verse 48. All flesh] All the people shall see that if it even respect the land. Thus they turned aside this war is a judgment of the Lord.
what might have done them good, and rejected the It shall not be quenched.) Till the whole land shall counsel of God against themselves, be utterly ruined.
By dividing the word with our neighbour we often Verse 49. Ah Lord God!] O my God, consider lose the benefit both of threatenings and promises. my situation ; who will believe what I shall say? They voluntarily shut their own eyes; and then God, They put the evil day far from them.
in judgment, sealed them up in darkness.
B. C. 593.
CHAPTER XXI. The prophet goes on to denounce the sale of Jerusalem and Judea ; using signs of vehement grief, to denote
the greatness of the calamily, 2-7. He then changes the emblem to that of a sharp and bright sword, still denoting the same sad event, 8–17; and, becoming yet more explicil, he represents the king of Babylon, who was to be employed by God in this work, as setting out to take vengeance on both the Jews and the Ammonites, for joining with Egypt in a confederacy against him. He is described as standing at the parting of the roads leading to the respective capitals of the Jews and Ammonites ; and doubting which to allack first, he commits the decision of the matter to his arts of divination, performed by mingling arrows inscribed with the names of the different nations or cities, and then marching against that whose name was written on the arrow first drawn from the quiver. In this case the name Jerusalem comes forward ; and therefore he proceeds against it, 18-24. History itself could scarcely be more explicit than this prophecy. The profane prince Zedekiah is then declared to be given up by God, and his kingdom devoted to utter destruction, for thai breach of oath of which the prophet foretells he should be guilty, 25–27. maining verses form a distinct prophecy relating to the destruction of the Ammonites, which was fulfilled about five years after the destruction of Jerusalem, 28–32. 4. M. 3411.
A. M. 3411.
3 And say to the land of Israel, B. C. 593.
AND the word of the Lord Ol. XLVI. 4. came unto me, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, Ol. XLVI. 4. Tarquinii Prisci, 2 . Son of man, set thy face I am against thee, and will draw Tarquinii Prisci,
R. Roman., 24. toward Jerusalem, and drop thy forth my sword out of his sheath, R. Roman., 24. word toward the holy places, and prophesy and will cut off from thee - the righteous and against the land of Israel,
by miracle, when there was no bread; nor was their Verse 2. Set thy face toward Jerusalem] This is a perishing for want any loss to them, because the Lord continuation of the preceding prophecy; and in this would take them straight to his glory. And however chapter the prophet sets before them, in the plainest men in general are unwilling to die, yet there is no language, what the foregoing metaphors meant, so that instance, nor can there be, of any man's complaint they could not complain of his parables.
that he got to heaven too soon. Again, if God had Verse 3. Behold, I am against thee) Dismal news! permitted none to be carried off captive but the wicked, When God is against us, who can be for us ? the case of these would be utterly hopeless, as there And will draw forth my sword] War.
would be none to set a good example, to preach reAnd will cut off from thee] The land of Judea. pentance, to reprove sin, or to show God's willingness
The righteous and the wicked.] All shall be removed to forgive sinners. But God, in his mercy, permitted from thee. Some shall be cut off-removed by the many of the righteous to be carried off also, that the sword; shall be slain in battle, or by the pestilence; wicked might not be totally abandoned, or put beyond and some shall be cut off—die by the famine ; and the reach of being saved. Hence, both Ezekiel and some shall be cut off-removed from the land by cap- Daniel, and indeed several others, prophets and right-' tivity. Now, among the two latter classes there might eous men, were thus cut off from the land, and carried be many righteous as well as wicked. And when all into captivity. And how much was God's glory and the provisions were consumed, so that there was no the good of men promoted by this! What a seed of more bread in the city, during the siege by Nebuchad- salvation was sown, even in the heathen countries, by nezzar, the righteous must have suffered as well as thus cutting off the righteous with the wicked! To the wieked; for they could not be preserved alive, but this we owe, under God, many of the Psalms, the