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The desolations and
miseries of Jerusalem. A. M. cir: 3416.
d night, and her tears are on her desolate : her priests sigh, her. 4. M. cir. 3416. B. C. cir. 588. Ol. XLVIII. 1. cheeks: e among all her lovers virgins are afflicted, and she is 01. XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., she hath none to comfort her: fin bitterness.
R. Roman., cir. annum 29. all her friends have dealt treach- 5 Her adversaries kare the
are the cir. annum 29. erously with her, they are become her enemies. chief, her enemies prosper; for the Lord hath
3 6 Judah is gone into captivity because of afflicted her for the multitude of her transaffliction, and h because of great servitude : gressions: her m children are gone into captivity i she dwelleth among the heathen, she findeth before the enemy. no rest : all her persecutors overtook her be- . 6 And from the daughter of Zion all her tween the straits,
beauty is departed : her princes are become 4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none like harts that find no pasture, and they are come to the solemn feasts : all her gates are gone without strength before the pursuer.
d Job vii. 3; Psa. vi. 6. Jer. iy. 30; xxx. 14; ver. 19. servitude. Ver. 9, 16, 17, 21. % Jer. lii. 27. Heb. for the greatness of 43, 44.—
Deut. xxviii. 64, 65; chap. ii. 9.-
All these show that it was the ancient opinion that Verse 4. The ways of Zion do mourn} A fire the Book of Lamentations was composed, not over the prosopopæia. The ways in which the people trod comdeath of Josiah, but on account of the desolations of ing to the sacred solemnities, being now no longer freIsrael and Jerusalem.
quented, are represented as shedding tears; and the The Arabic copies the Septuagint. The Syriac gates themselves. partake of the general distress. All does not acknowledge it; and the Chaldee has these poets of eminence among the Greeks and Romans have words only : “ Jeremiah the great priest and prophet recourse to this image. So Moschus, in his Epitaph said."
on Bion, ver. 1-3:-NOTES ON CHAP. I.
Αιλινα μου στοναχεισε ναπαι, και Δωριον ύδωρ Verse 1. How doth the city sit solitary] Sitting
Και ποταμοι κλαιoισε τον ίμεροεντα Βιωνα. . · down, with the elbow on the knee, and the head sup
Νυν φυτα μοι μυρεσθε, και αλσεα νυν γοαοισθε, κ.τ.λ. ported by the hand, without any company, unless an “ Ye winds, with grief your waving summits bow, oppressor near, —all these were signs of mourning and Ye Dorian fountains, murmur as ye flow; distress. The coin struck by Vespasian on the capture From weeping urns your copious sorrows shed, of Jerusalem, on the obverse of which there is a palm- And bid the rivers mourn for Bion dead. tree, the emblem of Judea, and under it a woman, the
Ye shady groves, in robes of sable hue, emblem of Jerusalem, sitting, leaning as before de
Bewail, ye plants, in pearly drops of dew; scribed, with the legend Judea capta, illustrates this
Ye drooping flowers, diffuse a languid breath, expression as well as that in Isa, xlvii. 1. See the
And die with sorrow, at sweet Bion's death.' note on Isa. iii. 26, where the subject is farther ex
FAWKES. plained. Become as a widow] Having lost her king. Cities
So Virgil, Æn. vii., ver. 759 :— are commonly described as the mothers of their inha- Te nemus Anguitiæ, vitrea te Fucinus unda bitants, the kings as husbands, and the princes as chil- Te liquidi flevere lacus. dren. When therefore they are bereaved of these, they are represented as widows, and childless.
“For thee, wide echoing, sighed th' Anguitian woods; The Hindoo widow, as well as the Jewish, is con
For thee, in murmurs, wept thy native floods." sidered the most destitute and wretched of all human And more particularly on the death of Daphnis, beings. She has her hair cut short, throws off all or- Eclog. v. ver. 24.naments, eats the coarsest food, fasts often, and is all
Non ulli pastos illis egere diebus but an outcast in the family of her late husband.
Frigida, Daphni, boves ad flumina : nulla neque Is she become tributary!] Having no longer the political form of a nation; and the remnant that is left paying tribute to a foreign and heathen conqueror.
Libavit quadrupes, nec graminis attigit herbam.
Daphni, tuum Pænos etiam ingemuisse leones Verse 2. Among all her lovers] . Her allies ;
Interitum, montesque feri, sylvæque loquuntur. friends, instead of helping her, have helped her enemies. Several who sought her friendship when she
“ The swains forgot their sheep, nor near the brink was in prosperity, in the time of David and Solomon,
Of running waters brought their herds to drink : are now among her enemies.
The thirsty cattle of themselves abstained Verse 3. Between the straits. She has been brought
From water, and their grassy fare disdained. into such difficulties, that it was impossible for her to
The death of Daphnis woods and hills deplore ; escape. Has this any reference to the circumstances
The Libyan lions hear, and hearing roar." in which Zedekiah and the princes of Judah endea
DRYDEN. voured to escape from "Jerusalem, by the way of the Verse 5. Her adversaries are the chief] They have 'gates between the two walls ? -Jer. lii. 7.
now supreme dominion over the whole land.' 402
( 26* )
cir. annum 29.
The desolations and
miseries of Jerusalem. A. M. cir. 3116. 7 Jerusalem remembered in by ? behold, and see bif there be A. M. cir
. 3416. B. C. cir. 588. 01. XLVIII. 1: the days of her affliction and of any sorrow like ynto my sorrow, pl. XLVII: 1. Taryuinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., her miseries all her pleasant which is done unto me, where- R. Roman.,
cir, annum 29. things that she had in the days with the Lord hash afflicted me of old, when her people fell into the hand of in the day of his fierce anger. the enemy, and none did help her : the adver- 13 From above hath he sent fire into my saries saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths. bones, and it prevaileth against them: he bath
8 • Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; there- spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me fore she Pis temoved : all that honoured her back : he hath made me desolate and faint all despise her, because they have seen her naked- the day. ness : yea, she sigheth, and turneth backward. 14 The yoke of my transgressions is bound
9 Her filthiness is in her skirts ; she 're- by his hand: they are wreathed, and come up membereth not her last end; therefore she upon my neck: he hath made my strength came down wonderfully: she had no com- to fall, the LORD hath delivered me forter. O LORD, behold my affliction for the their hands, from whom I am not able to enemy hath magnified himself.
10 The adversary hath spread out his hand 15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my upon * all her," pleasant things : for she hath mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called seen that the heathen entered into her sanc- an assembly against' me to crush my young tuary, whom thou didst command that they men : the Lord hath trodden f the virgin, the should not enter into thy congregation. daughter of Judah, as in a wine-press.
11 All her people sigh, * they seek bread; 16 For these things I weep; 8 mine eye, they have given their pleasant things for meat mine eye runneth down with water, because Y to relieve the soul : see, O LORD, and con- the comforter that should i relieve my soul sider ; for I am become vile.
is far from me: my children are desolate, be12 2 Is it nothing to you, all ye that a pass cause the enemy prevailed. 1 Or, desirable; ver. 10.- 0 1 Kings viii. 46.
y Or, to make the soul to come again.- - Or, It is nothing. come a removing, or wandering.- - 9 Jer. xiii. 22, 26; Ezek. xvi. a Heb. pass by the way. - Dan. ix. 12_Ezek. xii. 13; 37; xxiii. 29; Hos. ii. 10. Deut. xxxii. 29; Isa. xlvii. 7. xvii. 20.- d Deut. xxviii. 48.-e Isa. Ixiii. 3; Rev. xiv. .Ver. 2, 17, 21. Ver. 7.- -u Or, desirable. -- Jer. li. 51. 19, 20; xix. 15. - Or, the winepress of the virgin, &c. - Deut. xxiii. 3; Neh. xiii. 1. Jer. xxxviii. 9; lii. 6; chap. 6 Jer. xiii. 17; xiv. 17; chap. ii, 18. — Ver. 2, 9.- -i Heb. i. 12; iv, 4.
- Heb. is be
Verse 7. Did mock at her Sabbaths.) Anovo mish- scribed in Sabbaths to the Jews. The Sabbath is a balleha. Some contend that Sabbaths are not intended most wise and beneficent ordinance. here. The Septuagint has XATOIXETIC autns,“ her Verse 9. She remembereth not her last end] Although habitation;" the Chaldee, nizu by al tubaha,,"her evident marks of her pollution appeared about her, and good things ;” the Syriac, 9:22 si al toboroh,“ her the land was defiled by her sinfulness even to its utbreach.” The Vulgate and Arabic agree with the He- most borders, she had no thought or consideration of brew. Some of my oldest MSS.' have the word in what must be the consequence of all this at the last. the plural number, i7'nova mishbatleyha, “her Sab- -Blayney. baths." A multitude of Kennicott's MSS. have the Verse 11. They have given their pleasant things] same reading. The Jews were despised by the hea Jerusalem is compared to a woman brought into great then for keeping the Sabbath. „Juvenal mocks them straits, who parts with her jewels and trinkets in order on that account:
to purchase by them the necessaries of life. - cui septima quæque fuit lux
Verse 12. Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by ?] Ignava et partem vitæ non attigit ullam.
The desolations and distress brought upon this city and
its inhabitants had scarcely any parallel. Excessive “ To whom every seventh day was a blank, and formed abuse of God's accumulated mercies calls for singular not any part of their life.”
and exemplary punishment. St. Augustine represents Seneca as doing the same :- Verse 14. The yoke of my transgressions] I am Inutiliter id eos facere affirmans, quod septimani ferme now tied and bound by the chain of my sins; and it partem ætatis suæ perdent vacando, et multa in tem- is so wreathed, so doubled and twisted round me, that pore urgentia non agendo lædantur. “That they lost I cannot free myself. A fine representation of the the seventh part of their life in keeping their Sabbaths; miseries of a penitent soul, which feels that nothing and injured themselves by abstaining from the perform- but the pitifulness of God's mercy can loose it. ance of many necessary things in such times." He Verse 15. Called an assembly) The Chaldean ardid not consider that the Roman calendar and customs my, composed of various nations, which God commisgave them many more idle days than God had pre- sioned to destroy Jerusalem.
B. C. cir. 588.
The desolations and
miseries of Jerusalem. A. M. cir. 3416. 17 * Zion spreadeih forth her 20 Behold, O LORD; for I
A. M. cir. 3416. B. C. cir. 588. 01. XLVIII. 1. hands, and there is none to in: distress :
Ol. XLVIII. I. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
comfort her : the Lord hath com- troubled : mine heart is turned R. Roman., cir. annum 29.
cir. annum 29. manded concerning Jacob, that within me; for I have grievously his adversaries should be round about him: Je- rebelled : ' abroad the sword bereaveth, at rusalem is as a menstruous woman among them. home there is as death.
18 The LORD is righteous; for I have 21 Prebelled against his commandment: hear, I none to comfort me: all mine enemies have pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou my virgins and my young men are gone into hast done it: thou wilt bring "the day that thou captivity.
hast called, and they shall be like unto me. 19 I called for my lovers, but P they deceived 22 w Let all their wickedness come before me: my priésts and mine elders gave up the thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done ghost in the city, while they sought their unto me for all my transgressions : for my meat to relieve their souls.
sighs are many, and *. my heart is faint.
k Jer. iv. 31.- Ver. 2, 9. -m Neh. ix. 33; Dan. ix. 7, 14. chap. ii. 11; Hos. xi. 8. -- Deut. xxxii. 25; Ezek. vii. 15. *1 Sam. xii. 14, 15.- - Heb. mouth.-p Ver. 2; Jer. xxx. 14. Ver. 2.- Isa. xiii. &c.; Jer. xlvi. &c.- - Or, proclaimed 4 Ver. 1l. - Job xxx. 27; Isa. xvi. 11; Jer. iv. 19; xlviii. 36; w Psa. cix. 15. Chap. v. 17.
Verse 17. Zion spreadeth forth her hands] Ex- To cut off the infants without, tending the hands is the form in supplication.
And the young men in our streets. Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman] To whom So Silius Italicus, II. 548:none dared to approach, either to help or comfort, because of the law, Lev, xv, 19-27.
Mors graditur, vasto pandens cava guttura rietu, Verse 19. I called for my lovers] My allies ; the Casuroque inhians populo. Egyptians and others.
“Death stalks along, and opens his hideous throat to Verse 20. Abroad the sword bereaveth] War' is
gulp down the people.” through the country; and at home death ; the pestilence and famine rage in the city ; calamity in every Verse 21. They have heard that I sigh] My afflic. shape is fallen upon me.
tion is public enough ; but no one comes to comfort me. Virgil represents the calamities of Troy under the They are glad that thou hast done it] · On the consame image :
trary, they exult in my misery ; and they see that THOU Nec soli pænas dant sanguine Teucri ;'
hast done what they were incapable of performing. Quondam etiam victis redit in præcordia virtus ;
Thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and Victoresque cadunt Danai. Crudelis ubique i
they shall be like unto me.] Babylon shall be visited Luctus, ubique Pavor, et plurima mortis imago.
in her turn; and thy judgments poured out upon her Æneid. lib. ii. 366.
shall equal her state with my own. See the last six
chapters of the preceding prophecy for the accomplish“ Not only Trojans fall; but, in their turn,
ment of this prediction. The vanquished triumph, and the victors mourn. Verse 22. Let all their wickedness come before thee) Ours take new courage from despair and night; That is, Thou wilt call their crimes also into rememConfused the fortune is, confused the fight. brance; and thou wilt do unto them by siege, sword, All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and fears ; | famine, and captivity, what thou hast done to me. And grisly death in sundry shapes appears.' Though thy judgments, because of thy long-suffering,
are slow; yet, because of thy righteousness, they are So Milton Despair
For my sighs are many] My desolations continue; Tended the sick, busiest from couch to couch;
and my heart is faint-my political and physical And over them triumphant Death his dart
strength almost totally destroyed. Shook.". Par. Lost, B. xi. 489.
Imprecations in the sacred writings are generally to
be understood as declarative of the evils they indicate; Jeremiah, chap. ix. 21, uses the same image :
or, that such evils will take place. No prophet of Death is come up into our windows :
God ever wished desolation on those against whom he He hath entered our palaces,
was directed to prophesy. 404
The enemies of Jerusalem
exult over her affliction.
cir, annum 29.
The prophet shows the dire effects of the Divine anger in the miseries brought on his country; the unparal
leled calamities of which he charges, in a great measure, on the false prophets, 1-14. In this desperate condition, the astonishment and by-word of all who see her, Jerusalem is directed to sue earnestly for mercy
and pardon, 15-22. A. M. cir. 3416. B. C. cir. 588.
HOW hath the Lord covered swallowed up Israel, . " he hath 4.M. cir. 3416. OI. XLVIII. I. the daughter of Zion with a swallowed up all her palaces: 01. XLVIII. i. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., cloud in his anger, . and cast he hath destroyed his strong. R. Roman.,
cir. annum 29. down from heaven unto the earth holds, and hath increased in the o the beauty of Israel, and remembered not daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. e his footstool in the day of his anger! 6 And he hath violently • taken away his
2 The Lord hath swallowed up all the P tabernacle, 9 as if it were of a garden : he habitations of Jacob, d and hath not pitied: hath destroyed his places of the assembly: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strong " the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and holds of the daughter of Judah ; he hath sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath • brought them down to the ground : f he hath despised in the indignation of his anger the polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. king and the priest.
3 He hath cut off in his fierce. anger all the 7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath hom of Israel : she hath drawn back his right abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up hand from before the enemy, and he burned into the hand of the enemy the walls of her against Jacob - like a flaming fire, which de-palaces; they have made a noise in the house voureth round about.
of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast. *4 He hath bent his bow like an enemy : 8 The Lord hath purposed to destroy the he stood with his right hand as an adversary, wall of the daughter of Zion: u he hath and' slew kall' that were pleasant to the eye stretched out a line, he hath not withdrawn in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he his hand from destroying : therefore he made poured out his fury like fire.
the 'rampart and the wall to lament; they 5 - The Lord was as an enemy: he hath languished together.
a Matt. xi. 23.-2 Sam. i. 19. el Chron. xxviii. 2; I Ezek. xxiv. 25. - Ver. 4; Jer. xxx. 14.—2 Kings xxv. Psa. xcix. 5; çxxxii. 7.—d Ver. 17, 21 ; chap. 111. 43. - Heb. 9; Jer. lii. 13. --- Psa. lxxx. 12; lxxxix. 40.; Isa. v. 5. -p Or, < Psa. Ixxxix. 39.
—Psa. Ixxiv. 11. - Psa. heilge.- 4 Isa. i. 8. - Chap. i. 4; Zeph. ii. 18.- Heb. lxxxix. 46. Isa. Ixii. 10; ver. 5.- Heb. all the desirable shut up.- - Psa. Ixxiv. 4. cu 2 Kings xxi. 13 ; Isa. xxxiv. 11.
Heb. swallowing up.
strength. It is a metaphor taken from cattle, whose Verse 1. How hath the Lord covered the daughter principal strength lies in their horns. of Zion with a cloud] The women in the eastern Hath drawn back his right hand] He did not supcountries wear veils, and often very costly ones. Here, port us when our enemies came against us. Zion is represented as being veiled by the hand of Verse 4. He hath bent his bow-he stood with his God's judgment. And what is the veil ? A ark right hand] This is the attitude of the archer. He cloud, by which she is entirely obscured:
first bends his bow; then sets his arrow upon the string; Instead of 1978 Adonai, lord, twenty-four of Dr. Tand, lastly, placing his right hand on the lower end of Kennicott's MSS., and some of the most ancient of the arrow, in connexion with the string, takes his aim, my own, read 27107Yehovah, Lord, as in ver. 2. and prepares to let fly. The beauty of Israei] His Temple.
Verse 6. As if it were of a garden) “ As it were His footstool] The ark of the covenant, often so the garden of his own hedging.”— Blayney. called. . The rendering of my old MS. Bible is cu- The Lord hath caused the solemn feasts] By derious :-And record not of his litil steging-stole of livering us up into the hands of the enemy our religious bis feet, in the dai of his woodnesse. To be wood worship is not only suspended, but all Divine ordinances signifies, in our ancient language, to be mad.
are destroyed. Verse 2. The Lord hath swallowed up] It is a Verse 7. They have made a noise in the house of strange figure when thus applied: but Jehovah is the Lord] Instead of the silver trumpets of the sanchere represented as having swallowed down Jerusalem tuary, nothing but the sounds of warlike instruments and all the cities and fortifications in the land : that are to be heard. is, he has permitted them to be destroyed. See Verse 8. He hath stretched out a line] The line of ver. 5.
devastation ; marking what was to be pulled down and Verse 3. The horn of Israel] His power and demolished.
made to touch.
B. O. cir. 588.
The enemies of Jerusalem LAMENTATIONS.
exult over her affliction. A. M. cir. 3416.
9 Her gates are sunk into the daughter of Zion? for thy breach 4. M. cir. 3416. 01. XLVIII. 1. ground; he hath destroyed and is great like the sea : who can pl. XLVIII. 1, Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,
w broken her bars : her king heal thee? cir. annum 29.
cir. annum 29. and her princes are among the - 14 Thy #prophets have seen Gentiles : y the law is no more ; her ? prophets vain and foolish things for thee: and they have also find no vision from the Lord.
not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away 10 The elders of the daughter of Zion a sit thy captivity; but have seen for thee false upon the ground, and keep silence : they have burdens and causes of banishment. cast up dust upon their heads; they have 15 m All that pass n by clap their hands at e girded themselves with sackcloth: the virgins thee; they hiss P and wag their head at the of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the ground.
city that men call 9 The perfection of beauty, 11 Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels The joy of the whole carth? are troubled, my liver is poured upon the 16 All thine enemies have opened their earth, for the destruction of the daughter of mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the my people; because 5 the children and the teeth : they say, • We have swallowed her up: sucklings swoon in the streets of the city, certainly this is the day that we looked for;
12 They say to their mothers, Where is we have found, we have seen it. corn and wine? when they swooned as the 17 The Lord hath done that which he had wounded in the streets of the city, when their devised; he hath fulfilled his word that he soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom. had commanded in the days of old : " he hath
13 What thing shall I take to witness for thrown down, and hath not pitied: and he thee? i what thing shall I liken to thee; O hath caused thine enemy to w rejoice over thee, daughter of Jerusalem ? what shall I equal to he hath set up the horn of thine adversaries. thee, that I may comfort thee, o virgin 18 Their heart cried unto the Lord, o
w Jer. li. 30. Deut. xxviii, 36 ; 2 Kings xxiv. 15; xxv. 7; k Jer. ii. 8; v. 31; xiv. 14; xxiii. 16; xxvii. 14; xxix. 8, 9; chap. i. 3; iv. 20.-y2 Chron. xv.3. - Psa. Ixxiv. 9; Ezek. Ezek. xiii. 2.- Isa. Iviii. 1. in Kings ix. 8; Jer. xvii. vii. 26.-Job ii. 13; Isa. iii. 26; chap. iii. 28.- Job i. 16 ; Nah. iii. 19; Ecclus. xii. 18.-n Heb. by the way. 12.- Isa. xv. 3; Ezek. vii. 18; xxvii. 31. d Psa. vi. 7; o Ezek. xxv. 6. -P2 Kings xix. 21 ; Psa. xliv. 14.- 4 Psa. chap. ii. 48, &c. - Chap i. 20. Job xvi. 13; Psa. xxii. xlviii. 2; 1. 2:- -- Job xvi. 9, 10; Psa. xxii. 13; chap. ul. 46. 14.
-Ver. 19; chap. iv. 4. + Or, faint. - Chap. i. 12; 1 Psa. lvi. 2. - Psa. xxxv. 21. Lu Lev. xxvi. 16, &c. ; Deut. Dan. ix. 12.
xxviii. 15, &c. - Ver. 2.-" Psa. xxxviii. 16; lxxix. 42.
Verse 9. Her gates are sunk into the ground The They did not reprove for sin; they flattered them in consequence of their being long thrown down and ne- their transgressions; and instead of turning away thy glected. From this it appears that the captivity had captivity, by turning thee from thy sins, they have prealready lasted a considerable time.
tended visions of good in thy favour, and false burdens Her king and her princes are among the Gentiles) for thy enemies. Zedekiah and many of the princes were then prisoners. Verse 15. The perfection of beauty] This probably in Babylon, another proof that the captivity had en- only applied to the temple. Jerusalem never was a fine, dured some time; unless all this be spoken propheti- or splendid city; but the temple was most assuredly cally, of what should be done.
the most splendid building in the world. Verse 10. Sit upon the ground) See the note on Verse 16. This is the day that we looked for] Jechap. i. 1.
rusalem was the envy of the surrounding nations : Keep silence] No words can express their sorrows : they longed for its destruction, and rejoiced when it small griefs are eloquent, great ones dumb.
took place. Verse 11. Swoon in the streets of the city.] Through Verse 17. The Lord hath done that] This and the the excess of the famine:
sixteenth verse should be interchanged, to follow the Verse 12. When their soul was poured out into their order of the letters in the Hebrew alphabet ; as the sirmothers' bosom.] When, in endeavouring to draw nou-teenth has a phe for its acrostic letter, and the sevenrishment from the breasts of their exhausted mothers, teenth has y gin, which should precede the other in they breathed their last in their bosoms! How dread the order of the alphabet. fully afflicting was this!
Verse 18. O wall of the daughter of Zion) noin Verse 13. What thing shall I take] Or, rather, as 118 na chomath bath isiyon, wall of the daughter of Dr. Blayney, “What shall I urge to thee?" : How Zion. These words are probably those of the passenshall I comfort thee?
gers, who appear to be affected by the desolations of Thy breach is great like the sea] Thou hast a flood the land ; and they address the people, and urge them of afflictions, a sea of troubles, an ocean of miseries. to plead with God day and night for their restoration. Verse 14. They have not discovered thine iniquity) | But what is the meaning of wall of the daughter of