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B. C. cir. 587.

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The prophecy


against Damascus. A. M. cir. 3417. 20 m Therefore hear the coun- anguish and sorrows have taken 4. M. cir. 3404.

B. C. cir. 600. Oi. XLVIII. 2. sel of the LORD, that he hath her, as a woman in travail. 01. cír. XLV. I Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,

taken against Edom; and his 25 How is the city of praise R. Roman., cir, annum 30.

cir. annum 17. purposes, that he hath purposed not left, the city of my joy! against the inhabitants of Teman : Surely the Therefore her young men shall fall in least of the flock shall draw them out: surely her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut he shall make their habitations desolate with off in that day, saith the LORD of hosts. them.

27 And I will kindle à .: fire in the wall of 21 The earth is moved at the noise of their Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in of Ben-hadad. the · Red Sea.

28 y Concerning Kedar, and 4. M. cir

. 3403.

B. C. cir. 601. 22 Behold, Phe shall come up and fly as the concerning the kingdoms of OI. XLIV. 4

Tarquinii Prisci, eagle, and spread his wings over Bozrah : and Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar

R. Roman.

cir. annum 16. at that day shall the heart of the mighty men king of Babylon shall smite, thus of Edom be as the heart of a woman in her saith the LORD; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, pangs.

and spoil 2 the men of the east. A. M. cir. 3404.

23 Concerning Damascus. 29. Their a tents and their flocks shall they B. C. cir. 600. Ol. cir. XLV.1. Hamath is confounded, and take away: they shall take to themselves their Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,

Arpad : for they have heard evil curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels, cir. annum 17.

tidings : they are faint-hearted; and they shall cry unto them, Fear is on every s there is sorrow


it cannot be side. quiet. ;

30 ° Flee, d get you far off, dwell deep, 0 ye 24 Damascus is waxed feeble, and turneth inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD; for Neherself to flee, and fear hath seized on her : buchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken coun

Chap. 1. 45.– Chap. I. 16. Heb. weedy sea.-PCh. u Isa. xiii. 8; chap. iv. 31 ; vi. 24 ; xxx. 6; xlviii. 41; ver. 22 iv. 13; xlviii. 40, 41.-11sa. xvii. 1 ; xxxvii. 13; Amos i. 3; Chap. xxxii. 9; li. 41. -w Chap. 1. 30 ; li. 4.- Amos i. 4. Zeph. ix. 1, 2. Heb. melled. Isa. lvii. 20. Or, as on y Isa. xxi, 13. - Judg. vi. 5; Job i. 3. - Psa. cxx, 5.

Chap. vi. 25; xlvi. 5. -c Ver. 8.

d Heb. flit greatly. Verse 20. The inhabitants of Teman] Taken here Hamath is confounded] This is a city of Syria, on for the whole of Idumea. These are a kind of syno- the Orontes. The Greeks called it Epiphania. nyms which prevent monotony, and give variety to the Arpad) ] Not far from Damascus. poet's versification.

Sorrow on the sea] They are like the troubled sea, Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out] that cannot rest. They shall be like timid sheep; the weakest foe shall Verse 25. How is the city of praise not lefl] Da overcome them.

mascus is so ruined that she can no more be called a Verse 21. The earth is moved] The whole state praiseworthy or happy city. is represented here as a vast building suddenly thrown Verse 27. The palaces of Ben-hadad.). Damascus down, so as to cause the earth to tremble, and the noise was a seat of the Syrian kings, and Ben-hadad was a to be heard at a great distance.

name common to several of its kings.. Verse 22. He shall come up and fly as the eagle] Verse 28. CONCERNING KEDAR, AND CONCERNING THE Nebuchadnezzar. See chap. xlviii. 40.

KINGDOMS OF Hazor] This is the tille of another new Verse 23. CONCERNING DAMASCUS.] This is the prophecy. head or lille of another prophecy. Damascus was one Kedar was the name of one of the sons of Ishmael of the principal cities of Syria. It was taken by Da- (Gen. xxv. 13) who settled in Arabia, and who gave vid, 2 Sam. viii. 6, was retaken in the reign of Solo- name to a powerful tribe of Arabs who used to traffic mon, 1 Kings xi. 24, &c., and regained its indepen- with the Tyrians in cattle. It appears from this prodence. Its kings were often at war with the ten tribes, phecy that Nebuchadnezzar got a commission to go and once it joined with them for the destruction of Ju- against and reduce them to great misery. dah. To defend himself against these powerful ene- Verse 29. Their tents and their flocks] This demies Ahaz made a league with the king of Assyria, scription of properly shows that they were Scenite or who besieged Damascus, took, and demolished it. From Nomad Arabs ; persons who dwell in tents, and whose that time we hear nothing of Damascus till we meet principal property was cattle, especially camels, of the with it in this prophecy. It appears to have been re- whole of which they were plundered by the Chaldeans. built and restored to some consequence.

It made an

Verse 30. Dwell deep) · Retire into the depths of obstinate resistance to Nebuchadnezzar; but was at the desert. See on ver. 8. last taken and sacked by him. At present it is both Inhabitants of Hazor] I cannot find this place. a large and populous city, with considerable com- It was no doubt in Arabia, and a place of considerable merce.

importance; but it is now no more.

the sea.

B.C. cir. 601.
OI. XLIV. 4.

B. C. cir. 598.

R. Roinan., cir. annum 16.

R. Roman., cir. annum 19.

The prophecy against

Kedar and Elam A. M. cir. 3403. sel against you, and hath con- 35 Thus saith the Lord of A. M. cir. 3406.

ceived a purpose against you. hosts ; Behold, I will break • the oi. cir. XLV. 3. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, 31 Arise, get you up unto the bow of Elam, the chief of their

wealthy nation, that dwelleth might. without care, saith the Lord, which have nei- 36 And upon Elam will I bring the four ther gates nor bars, which dwell alone. winds from the four quarters of heaven, and

32 And their camels shall be a booty, and P will scatter them toward all those winds; and the multitude of their cattle a spoil; and I will there shall-be no nation whither the outcasts h scatter into all winds i them that are kin of Elain shall not come. the utmost corners, and I will bring their 37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed calamity from all sides thereof, saith the before their enemies, and before them that seek LORD.

their life : and I will bring evil upon thein, even 33 And Hazor shall be a dwelling for my fierce anger, saith the LORD; 9 and I will dragons, and a desolation for ever: mthere send the sword after them, till I have consumed shall no man abide there, nor any son of man them : dwell in it.

38 And I will set my throne in Elam, and 34 The word of the Lord that will destroy from thence the king and the

came to Jeremiah the prophet princes, saith the LORD. ? Take oikecon Prisci, against · Elam in the beginning | 39 But it shall come to pass in the latter

of the reign of Zedekiah king of days, that I will bring again the captivity of Judah, saying,

Elam, saith the LORD.

A. M. cir. 3106.

B. C. cir. 598. OL cir. XLV. 3.

cir. annum 19.

· Ezek. ixxviii. 11. - Or, that is at ease. - Num. xxiii. 9; Deut. xxxin. 28; Mic. vii. 14. Ezek. v. 10; ver. 36. Chap. ix. 26; xxv. 23.- - Heb. cut off into corners, or that have the corners of their hair polled. Chap. ix, 11; x. 22; Mal. i. 3.

m Ver. 18. Chap. xxv. 25. - See Isa. xxii. 6. -p Ver. 32. — Chap. ix. 16; xlviii. 2.- See chap. xliii. 10.- Ch. xlviii. 47; ver. 6.

Yerse 31. The wealthy nation] 160 3 goi shèleiv, See Isa. xxii. 6. Strabo, Livy, and others speak of "the peaceable nation'

their eminence in archery. Have neither gates nor bars] The Arabs, who had Verse 36. Will I bring the four winds] Nebuchadnothing but their tents; no cities, nor even permanent nezzar and his armies, gathered out of different provillages.

vinces, and attacking this people at all points in the Verse 32. The utmost corners] Even in these ut- same time. most inaccessible recesses the sword and pillage shall There shall be no nation, fc.) They shall be scatreach them. “The utmost corners ;' insulated coasts; tered through the one hundred and twenty-seven prothe peninsula of Arabia.”Blayney.

vinces of which the Babylonish empire is composed. Verse 33. Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons). Verse 38. I will set my throne in. ElamThis is Shall be turned into a wilderness.

spoken either of Nebuchadnezzar or Cyrus. It is cerA desolation for ever] Never to be repeopled. tain that Cyrus did render himself master of Elymais

There shall no man abide there] It may occa- and Media, which are in the land of Elam. sionally be visited, but never made a permanent Verse 39. I will bring again the captivity of Elam] abode.

As this is to be in the latter days, probably it may Verse 34. The woRD-AGAINST ELAM] Another mean the spiritual freedom which these people would new head of prophecy. As this was delivered in the receive under the Gospel dispensation. Under Cyrus, beginning of the reign of Zedekiah, it can have no the Elamites, collected out of all quarters, were united natural nor historical connexion with the other prophe- with the Persians their neighbours, and became, with cies in this various chapter. Some think that by Elam them, masters of the east. See Calmet and Dahler. Persia is always meant; but this is not at all likely. There are still, however, difficulties on this subject. It was a part of the Babylonian empire in the time of Who the Elamites were is still a question. That which Daniel, (chap. viii. 2,) and is most probably what is appears to be nearest the truth is, that the Elamites called Elymais by the Greeks. This, with Susiana, and Persians were two distinct people, and continued Nebuchadnezzar subdued, and took from Astyages, king so till blended together under Cyrus. It is in this light of Media.

that I have considered the subject in the preceding Verse 35. I will break the bow of Elam] They notes. Neighbouring people are frequently confounded were eminent archers; and had aequired their power in history, and sometimes the name of a people is given and eminenee by their dexterity in the use of the bow. I to those who have the same character.


The prophecy


against Babylon.




This and the following chapter contain a prophecy relating to the fall of Babylon, interspersed with several

predictions relative to the restoration of Israel and Judah, who were to survive their oppressors, and, on their repentance, to be pardoned and brought to their own land. This chapter opens with a prediction of the complete destruction of all the Babylonish idols, and the utter desolation of Chaldea, through the instru. mentality of a great northern nalion, 1-3. Israel and Judah shall be reinstated in the land of their forefathers afier the total overthrow of the greal Babylonish empire, 4, 5. Very oppressive and cruel bondage of the Jewish people during the captivity, 6, 7. "The people of God are commanded io remove speedily fron Babylon, because an assembly of great nations are coming out of the north to desolate the whole land, 8–10. Babylon, the hammer of the whole earth, the great desolator of nations, shall itself become a desolation on account of its intolerable pride, and because of the iron yoke il has rejoiced to put upon a people whom a mysterious Providence had placed under ils domination, 11-34. The judgments which shall fall upon Chaldea, a country addicted to the grossest idolatry, and to every species of superstition, shall be most awful and general, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, 35–40. Character of the people appointed to erecute the Divine judgments upon the oppressors of Israel, 41-45. Great sensation among the nations at the very terrible and sudden fall of Babylon, 46. A. M. 3409. THE word that the Lord spake desolate, and none shall dwell

A. M. 3409. B. C. 595.

B. C. 595. Ol. XLVI. 2. a against Babylon and against therein : they shall remove, they 01. XLVI. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, the land of the Chaldeans b by shall depart, both man and beast. Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 22. Jeremiah the prophet.

4 In those days, and in that R. Roman., 22. 2 Declare ye among the nations, and publish, time, saith the Lord, the children of Israel and e set up a standard ; publish, and conceal shall come, they and the children of Judah not : say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confound together, 'going and weeping: they shall go, ed, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols and seek the LORD their God. are confounded, 'her images are broken in 5 They shall, ask the way to Zion with their pieces.

faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us 3 * For out of the north there cometh up & a join ourselves to the Lord in 'a perpetual conation against her, which shall make her land venant that shall not be forgotten: :a Isa. xiii, 1 ; xxi. 1 ; xlvii. 1.- Heb. by the hand of Jeremiah. Isa. xiii. 17, 18, 20; ver. 39, 40.- Hos. i. 11.

i Ezra c Heb. lift up.

i Isa. xlvi. 1; chap. li. 44.- See chap. xliii. iii. 12, 13; Psa. cxxvi. 5, 6, chap. xúxi. 9; Zech. xii. 10. 12, 13. Chap. Ii. 48.

* Hos. iii. 5.-Chap. xxxi. 31, &c.; xxxij. 40. NOTES ON CHAP., L.

are broken to pieces; even the form of them no longer Verse 1. THE WORD THAT THE LORD SPAKE appears. AGAINST BABYLON) This is also a new head of dis- Verse 3. Out of the north there cometh up a nation]

The Medes, who formed the chief part of the army of The prophecy contaiņed in this and the following Cyrus, lay to the north or north-east of Babylon.. chapter was sent to the captives in Babylon in the Shall make her land desolate] This war, and the fourth year of the reign of Zedekiah. They are very consequent taking of the city, began those disasters important; they predict the total destruction of the that brought Babylon in process of time to complete Babylonish empire, and the return of the Jews from desolation; so that now it is not known where it stood, their captivity. These chapters were probably com- the whole country being a total solitude. posed, with several additions, out of the book that was Verse 4. In those days, and in that time] In the then sent by Jeremiah to the captives by the hand of times in which Babylon shall be opposed by the Medes Seraiah. See chap. li. 59-64.

and Persians, both Israel and Judah, seeing the comVerse 2. Declare ye among the nations) · God's de- mencement of the fulfilling of the prophecies, shall betermination relative to this empire.

gin to seek the Lord with much prayer, and broken and Set up a standard] Show the people where they contrite hearts. When the decree of Cyrus comes, are to assemble.

they shall be ready to set off for their own country, Şay, Babylon is taken] It is a thing so firmly de- deploring their offences, yet rejoicing in the mercy of termined, that it is as good as already done. - God which has given them this reviving in their bondage.

Bel] The tutelar deity of Babylon is, confounded, Verse 5. Let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perbecause it cannot save its own city.

petual covenant) All our former covenants have been Merodach] 'Another of their idols, is broken to broken ; let us now make one that stalHast for ever. pieces; it was not able to save itself, much less the He shall be the LORD our God, and we will no more whole empire.

worship idols. This covenant they have kept to the Her idols are confounded] It is a reproach to have present day; whatever their present moral and spiritual acknowledged them.

state may be, they are no idolaters, in the gross sense Her images] Great and small, golden and wooden, of the term.


B. C. 595.





The utter desolation

of Babylon A. M. 3409.

A. M. 3409. 6 My people hath been m lost go forth out of the land of the B. C. 595. OL XLVI. 2. sheep: their shepherds have Chaldeans, and be as the he-goats OL. XLVI. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, caused them to go astray, they before the flocks.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman, have turned them away on

9 For, lo, I will raise and R. Roman., 22. mountains: they have gone from mountain to cause to come up against Babylon an assembly hill, they have forgotten their resting place. of great nations from the north country: and

7 All that found them have devoured them : they shall set themselves in array against and a their adversaries said, "We offend not, her; from thence she shall be taken : their because they have sinned against the Lord, arrows shall be as of a mighty * expert man; *the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the v none shall return in vain. Hope of their fathers.

10 And Chaldea shall be a spoil : ? all that 8 u Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and spoil her shall be satisfied, saith the LORD. m Isa. liii. 6; ver. 17; 1 Pet. ii. 25.—Chap. ii. 20; iii. 6, 23. Psa. xxii. 4. -u Isa. xlviii. 20 ; chap. li. 6, 45; Zech ii. 6, 7: Heb. place to lie down in. Psa. lxxix. 7. - Chap. xl. 2, 3; Rev. xviii. 4.—- Chap. xv. 14; li. 27; ver. 3.41.- Ver.14, 29. Zech. xi. 5. - See chap. ii. 3 ; Dan. ix. 16.-Psa. xc. 1; xci.d. Or, destroyer. -2 Sam. i. 22.- Rev. xvii. 16.

The description that is here given of the state of nest; I trust I shall be in earnest about the salvation this people, their feelings and their conduct, finely ex- of my soul; it is very proper I should be so ;" and such hibit the state of real penitents, who are fervently seek- like, show an irresolute soul. Such persons are ever ing the salvation of their souls.

learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of 1. In those days, when Jesus Christ is manifested the truth. in the flesh; and in that time, when through him is Let us therefore bind ourselves. We have trifled too preached the remission of sins, and the people who hear long; been indecisive too long; have halted too long are pricked in their conscience.

between two opinions. We know now that Jehovah is 2. The children of Israel and the children of Judah God; let us, therefore, enter into a covenant with him. together.- No distinctions being then felt or attended Let this covenant be a perpetual one : let us not make to; for all feel themselves sinners, who have come short it for a day, for any particular time, but for ever; and of the glory of God. Even national distinctions and let it never be broken. Let our part be kept inviolareligious differences, which bind men fastest, and hold ble : we are and WILL BE thy people ; and God's part them longest, are absorbed in the deep and overpower- will never fail, I am and will be your God. ing concern they feel for their eternal interests.

The covenant requires a sacrifice.--Hence na be3. Going and weeping shall they go.—Religious sor- rith signifies both. Christ crucified is the great coverow does not preclude activity and diligence. While nant sacrifice. By him God becomes united to us, and they are weeping for their sins, they are going on in through him we become united to God. the path of duty, seeking the Lord while he may be Verse 6. My people hath been lost sheep) He pities found, and calling upon him while he is near. them; for their pastors, kings, and prophets have caused

4. They shall ask the way to Zion.-Real penilents them to err. are the most inquisitive of all mortals ; but their in- They have gone from mountain to hill] In all high quiries are limited to one object, they ask the way to places they have practised idolatry. Zion. What shall we do to be saved ? How shall Verse 7. Their adversaries said, We offend not] we shun the perdition of ungodly men, &c.

God has abandoned them; we are only fulfilling his 5. With their faces thitherward.-- They have turned designs in plaguing them. FROM sin, and turned to God. They have left the Verse 8. Remove out of the midst of Babylon] The paths of the destroyer, and their hearts are towards sentence of destruction is gone out against it; preGod, and the remembrance of his name. Thus they pare for your flight, that ye be not overwhelmed in are profiting by that light which has convinced them its ruin. of sin, righteousness, and judgment.

Be as the he-goats before the flocks.) Who always 6. Come, and let us join ourselves to the Lord.- run to the head of the flock, giving the example for Religion is a social principle, and begets a social feel- others to follow. This may be addressed to the elders ing in the soul. No man who feels his own sore, and and persons of authority among the people. the plague of his heart, wishes to venture alone in the Verse 9. An assembly of great nations] The army way to heaven. He feels he wants counsel, support, of Cyrus was composed of Medes, Persians, Armecomfort, and the company of those who will watch over nians, Caducians, Sacæ, &c. Though all these did him in love. Like David, the true penitent is a com- not come from the north; yet they were arranged unpanion of all those who fear the Lord. These heavenly der the Medes, who did come from the north, in refefeelings come from one and the same Spirit, and lead rence to Babylon. to the same end ; hence they say,

Their arrows] They are such expert archers, that 7. Let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual they shall never miss their mark. covenant. It is said, that to be undecided, is to be de- Verse 10. Chaldea shall be a spoil] She has been cided. They who are not determined to go to heaven, a spoiler, and she shall be spoiled. They had destroyed will never reach it. If the heart be not laid under Judea, God's heritage ; and now God shall cause her obligation, it will do nothing. “I hope I am in ear- 1 to be destroyed.




The fall of Babylon.


Israel's restoration. A. M. 3409. 11 a Because ye were glad, be- shall turn every one to his peo

A. M. 3409. B. C. 595.

B. C. 595. Ol. XLVI. 2. cause ye rejoiced, O ye destroy- ple, and they shall flee every one Ol. XLVI. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, ers of mine heritage, because ye to his own land.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 22. are grown ofat c as the heifer at

R. Roman., 22.

17 Israel is Pa scattered sheep; grass, and a bellow as bulls ;

9 the lions have driven him away: first the 12 Your mother shall be sore confounded ; king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last she that bare you shall be ashamed : behold, this * Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilder- broken his bones. ness, a dry land, and a desert.

.18 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, 13 Because of the wrath of the Lord it the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the shall not be inhabited, e but it shall be wholly king of Babylon and his land, as I have desolate : f every one that goeth by Baby- punished the king of Assyria. lon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her 19 · And I will bring Israel again to his plagues.

habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and 14. Put yourselves in array against Babylon Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon round about : all ye h that bend the bow, shoot Mount Ephraim and Gilead. at her, spare no arrows : for she hath sinned 20 In those days, and in that time, saith the against the LORD.

LORD, u the iniquity of Israel shall be sought 15 Shout against her round about : she hath for, and there shall be none; and the sins of given her hand : her foundations are fallen, Judah, and they shall not be found : for I will k her walls are thrown down : for lit is the pardon them whom I reserve. vengeance of the LORD: -take vengeance upon 21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, her; as she hath done, do unto her.

even against it, and against the inhabitants of 16 Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him * Pekod : 8 waste and utterly destroy after that handleth the " sickle in the time of har- them, saith the LORD, and do z according to vest : for fear of the oppressing sword • they all that I have commanded thee.

a Isa. xlvii. 6.- Heb. big, or corpulent. -c Hos. x. 11. • Isa. xiii. 14; chap. li. 9.-P Ver. 6.- -4 Chap. ii. 15. + Or, neigh as steeds.- Chap. xxv. 12. Chap. xlix. 17. r2 Kings xvi. 6. - 2 Kings xxiv, 10, 14. Isa. lxv. 10; «Ver. 9; chap. li. 2. Chap. xlix. 35; ver. 29. 1 Chron. chap. xxxiji. 12; Ezek. xxxiv. 13, 14.- Chap. xxxi, 34. xxix. 24; 2 Chron. xxx. 8; Lam. v. 6; Ezek. xvii. 18.- Ch. Isa. i.9.— * Or, of the rebels. Ezek. xxiii. 23. — Or, vis. li. 58. — Chap. li. 6, 11.- m Psa. cxxxvii. 8; ver. 29; Rev. itation. - See 2 Sam. xvi. 11; 2 Kings xviu. 25; 2 Chron. xviii. 6. Or, scythe.

xxxvi. 23; Isa. x. 6; xliv. 28; xlviii. 14; chap. xxxiv. 22. Verse 11. As the heifer at grass] Ye were wanton the land, and carried the princes and people into capin the desolations ye brought upon Judea.

tivity. Verse 12. Your mother] Speaking to the Chal- Verse 19. I will bring Israel again) This seems deans : Babylon, the metropolis, or mother city, shall to refer wholly to the ten tribes ; for Carmel, Bashan, be a wilderness, a dry land, a desert, neither fit for man Mount Ephraim, and Gilead, were in their territories. nor beast.

Verse 20. In those days and in that time] This Verse 15. Shout against her round about] Encom- phrase appears to take in the whole of an epoch, from pass her with lines and with troops ; lete none go in its commencement to its end. See vet. 4. with relief, none come out to escape from her ruin. I will pardon them] So as to deliver them from

Verse 16. Cut off the sower] Destroy the gardens their captivity, and exact no more punishment from them and the fields, that there may be neither fruits nor whom I reserve ; namely, the remnant left in the Babytillage.

lonish captivity. Verse 17. Israel] All the descendants of Jacob Verse 21. Go up against the land of Merathaimhave been harassed and spoiled, first by the Assyrians, and against the inhabitants of Pekod] No such places and afterwards by the Chaldeans. They acted towards as these are to be found any where else; and it is not them as a lion to a sheep which he has caught; first likely that places are at all meant. The ancient Ver. he devours all the flesh, next he breaks all the bones sions agree in rendering the first as an appellative, and to extract the marrow.

the last as a verb, except the Chaldee, which has PeVerse 18. As I have punished the king of Assyria.) kod as a proper name. Dr. Blayney translates :The Assyrians were overthrown by the Medes and the “ Against the land of bitternesses, go up : Chaldeans. The king is here taken for all their kings,

Upon it, and upon its inhabitants, visit, О sword!" generals, &c., Tiglath-pileser, Shalmaneser, Sennache

Dr. Dahler renders thus : rib, Esar-haddon, &c. To them succeeded the Chaldean or Babylonish kings. Nebuchadnezzar came

“ March against the country doubly rebellious, against Judea several times; and at last took the city

And against its inhabitants worthy of punishment." and burnt it, profaned and demolished the temple, wasted The latter of these two versions I take to be the inost 386

( 25* )


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