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B. C. 588.

Ishmael murders Gedaliah,

JEREMIAH.

and many of his people. A. M. 3416. remnant of Judah, and that he hath sent Ishmael the son of

A. M. 3416.

B. C. 588. 01. XLVIII.1. had set over them Gedaliah the Nethaniah 'to slay thee? But 01, XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci, son of Ahikam the son of Sha- Gedaliah the son of Ahikam Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 29. phan; believed them not.

R. Roman., 29. 12 Even all the Jews returned out of all 15 Then Johanan the son of Kareah spake places whither they were driven; and came to to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly, saying, Let the land of Judah, to Gedaliah, unto Mizpah, me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael and gathered wine and summer fruits - vēry the son of Nethaniah, and no man shall know much.

it: wherefore should he slay thee, that all the :13 Moreover Johanan the son of Kareah, Jews which are gathered unto thee should be and all the captains of the forces that were in scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish? the fields, came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, 16 But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto

14 And said unto him, Dost thou certainly Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do know that 4 Baalis the king of the Ammonites this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael. 9 See chap. xli. 10.

rHeb, to strike thee in soul? with whom he appears to have taken refuge during the worst of every person and thing. A great mind aets siege. See ver. 14.

always on the contrary. Verse 14. But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed Verse 16. Thou shalt not do this thing] He cannot them not.) The account given of this man proves him be so base. to have been a person of uncommon greatness of soul. Thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.] He thought it Conscious of his own integrity and benevolence, he quite possible that the man who was capable of becomtook the portrait of others from his own mind; and ing an assassin was capable of telling a lie; and theretherefore believed evil of no man, because he felt none fore he would not credit what he said. Had he been towards

any

in his own breast. He may be reproached a little more distrustful, he would have saved his own for being too credulous and confident : but any thing life. The next chapter shows that Johanan's informaof this kind that may be justly charged against him tion was too true. So noble Gedaliah lost his life by serves only to show the greatness of his mind. A lit- not believing that evil of others of which he himself ile soul is ever suspicious, and ready to believe the was incapable.

CHAPTER XLI.

Ol. XLVIII. 1,

Anno

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Ishmael executes his conspiracy against Gedaligh the governor and his companions, and attempts to carry

away the Jews who were with him captives to the Ammonites, 1-10; but Johanan recovers them, and purposes to flee into Egypt, 11-18.

A. M. 3416. 6.12.34Now it came to pass in the whom the king of Babylon had

B. C. 588. seventh month, a that Ish-made governor over the land. OI. XLVIII. 1.Tarquinii Prisci, mael the son of Nethaniah the

3 Ishmael also slew all the Tarquini Prisci. R. Roman., 29.

R. Roman., 29. son of Elishama, of the seed Jews that were with him, even royal, and the princes of the king, even ten with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of that were found there, and the men of war. Ahikam to Mizpah ; and there they did eat 4 And it came to pass the second day after bread together in Mizpah.

he had slain Gedaliah, and no man knew it, 2. Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, 5 That there came .certain from Shechem, and the ten men that were with him, and from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore

smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son men, having their beårds shaven, and their of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with

b

C

a 2 Kings xxv. 25; chap. xl. 6, 8.

-12 Kings xxv. 25.

e Lev. xix. 27, 28; Deut. xiv. 1; Isa. xv. 2.

NOTES ON CHAP. XLI,

who ate bread with another was ever reputed a Verse 1. Now-in the seventh month] Answering friend. to the first new moon in our month of October.

Verse 2. Smote Gedaliah] See the preceding chapThere, they did eat bread together]This was ter, ver. 14. the same as making a solemn covenant; for he! Verse 5. Having their beards shaven] All these

Anno

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Johanan defeats Ishmael,

CHAP. XLI.

who makes his escape. A. M. 3416.

offerings and incense in their with him, heard of all the evil A. M. 3416. B. C. 588. 01 XLVIII. 1. hand, to bring them to d the house that Ishmael the son of Netha- 01. XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci, of the LORD.

niah had done,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 29. 6 And Ishmael the son of Ne

R. Roman., 29.

12 Then they took all the men, thaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, and went to fight with Ishmael the son of .weeping all along as he went: and it came Nethaniah, and found him by the great to pass, as he met them, he said unto them, waters that are in Gibeon. Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.

13 Now it came to pass thut when all the 7 And it was so, when they came into the people which were with Ishmael saw Johanan midst of the city, that Ishmael the son of the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the Nethaniah slew them, and cast them into the forces that were with him, then they were glad. midst of the pit, he, and the men that were 14 So all the people that Ishmael had carried with him.

away captive from Mizpah cast about and re8 But ten men were found among them that turned, and went unto Johanan the son of said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have Kareah. treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, 15 But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and from Johanan with eight men, and went to the slew them not among their brethren.

Ammonites. 9 Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all 16 Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, the dead bodies of the men, whom he had and all the captains of the forces that were with slain 8 because hof Gedaliah, was it i which him, all the remnant of the people whom he Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha had recovered from Ishmael the son of Netha-. king of Israel: and Ishmael the son of Ne- niah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Ge thaniah filled it with them that were slain. daliah the son of Ahikam, even mighty men

10 Then Ishmael carried away captive all of war, and the women, and the children, and the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from k even the king's daughters, and all the people Gibeon : that remained in Mizpah, 'whom Nebuzar- 17 And they departed, and dwelt in the habitaadan the captain of the guard had committed tion of - Chimham, which is by Beth-lehem, to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam : and Ishmael to go to enter into Egypt, the son of Nethaniah carried them away cap- 18 Because of the Chaldeans: for they were tive, and departed to go over to m the Am- afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of monites.

Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahi11 But when Johanan the son of Kareah, kam, I whom the king of Babylon made and all the captains of the forces that were governor in the land.

. See 2 Kings xxv. 9; 1 Sam. i. 7. Heb. in going and i 1 Kings xv. 22; 2 Chron. xvi. 6.- -- Chap. xliii. 6. Chap. weeping: Soi Mac, vii. 19.-Or, near Gedaliah.

Chap. xl. 14. Chap. xl. 7, 8, 13. L02 Sam. i. 13. by the hand, or by the side of Gedaliah.

P2 Sam. xix. 37, 38.-4 Chap. xl. 5. were signs of deep mourning, probably on account of them as he had served their companions. Grain is the destruction of the city.

preserved to the present day in subterranean pits, called Verse 6. Weeping all along as he went] This fe- mattamores, in different parts of the east. lonious hypocrite pretended that he also was deeply Verse 9. Now the pit--was it which Asa the king afflicted, and wished to bear them company in their had made for fear of Baasha] See 1 Kings xv. 22. Sorrow.

Asa made this cistern as a reservoir for water for the Come to Gedaliah] He will appoint you vineyards supply of the place ; for he built and fortified Mizpah at and fields.

the time that he was at war with Baasha, king of Israel. Verse 7. Slew them! He kept the murder of Ge- Verse 10. Carried away captive] He took all these daliah secret, and no doubt had a band of his assassins that he might sell them for slaves among the Ammonites. lodged in Mizpah ; and he decoyed these fourscore men Verse 14. Went unto Johanan] They were weary thither that he might have strength to slay them. He of the tyranny of Ishmael, and were glad of an opkept ten alive because they told him they had treasures portunity to abandon him. hidden in a field, which they would show him. Whether Verse 16. The women, children, and the eunuchs] be kept his word with them is not recorded. He could These were all, most probably, persons who belonged do nothing good or great; and it is likely that, when to the palace and harem of Zedekiah : some of them he had possessed himself of those treasures, he served his own concubines, and their children.

c

- Heb. xl. 7.

Johanan consults the prophet, JEREMIAH.

but rejects his counsel. Verse 17. Dwelt in the habitation of Chimham] as a resting-place; as he designed to carry all into The estate that David gave Chimham, the son of Bar- Egypt, fearing the Chaldeans, who would endeavour to zillai. See 2 Sam. xix. 37, &c. He took this merely revenge the death of Gedaliah.

CHAPTER XLII.

A. M. 3416.
B. C. 588.

B. C. 588.

Anno

d

bold us :)

many, as thine

eyes

Johanan and the remnant of the people desire Jeremiah to ask counsel of God what they should do, 1-3. The prophet assures them of safety in Judea, but destruction in Egypt, 4-18; and reproves their hypocrisy in asking counsel with which they had no intention to comply, 19-22.

A. M. 3416. THEN all the captains of the we will obey the voice of the Ol. XLVII. 1. forces, a and Johanan the son Lord our God, to whom we send ol. XLVIII. 1, Tarquinii Prisci, of Kareah, and Jezaniah the son thee; i that it may be well with Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 29. of Hoshaiah, and all the people, us, when we obey the voice of R. Roman., 29. from the least even unto the greatest, came the Lord our God. near,

17 And it came to pass after ten days, that 2 And said unto Jeremiah the prophet, Let, the word of the Lord came unto Jeremiah, we beseech thee, our supplication be accepted 8. Then called he Johanan the son of Kabefore thee, and « pray for us unto the Lord reah, and all the captains of the forces wbich thy God, even for all this remnant; (for we are were with him, and all the people from the left but a few of

do be- least even to the greatest,

9 And said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, 3 That the Lord thy God may show us the God of Israel, unto whom ye sent me to e the way wherein we may walk, and the thing present your supplication before him; that we may do.

10 If

ye

will still abide in this land, then 4 Then Jeremiah the prophet said unto them, will I build you, and not pull you down; I have heard you ; behold, I will pray unto the and I will plant you, and not pluck you up : Lord your God according to your words ; and for ' I repent me of the evil that I have done it shall come to pass, that whatsoever thing the unto you. Lord shall answer you, I will declare it unto 11 Be not afraid of the king of Babylon, you ; I will keep nothing back from you. of whom ye are afraid ; be not afraid of him,

5 Then they said to Jeremiah, • The Lord saith the LORD : m for I am with you to save be a true and faithful Witness between us, if

you, and to deliver

you from his hand. we do not even according to all things for the 12 And I will show mercies unto you, that which the Lord thy God shall send thee to us. he may have mercy upon you, and cause you 6 Whether it be good, or whether it be evil, to return to your own land.

Chap. xl. 8, 13; xli. 11. Or, Let our supplication fall $1 Sam. iii. 18; Acts xx. 20. di Gen. xxxi. 50. Deut. vi. before thee. -ó ] Sam. vii. 8; xii. 19; Isa. xxxvii. 4 ; James 3 ; chap. vii. 23.- Chap. xxiv. 6 ; xxxi. 28 ; xxxiii. 7.d Lev. xxvi. 22.- Le Ezra viii. 21.- f1 Kings xxxii.36; chap. xviii.8. Isa. xliii.5; Rom. viii. 31.

cvi. 45, 46. -NOTES ON CHAP. XLII.

Verse 7. After ten days] All this time he was Verse 1. The captains of the forces] The different waiting upon God; for it is evident the prophets could leaders of the small bands or companies, collected from not prophesy when they pleased, any more than the different parts of the land. The principal are those disciples of our Lord could work miracles when they here named.

wished. The gift of prophecy and the gift of miracles Verse, 3. That the Lord thy God may show us] were both dependent on the will of the Most High, and They all thought there was no safety in Jerusalem or each of them was given only for the moment; and in Judea, and therefore determined to leave the land : when the necessity was over, the influence ceased. but they did not know which might be the safest di- Verse 10. For I repent me of the evil] The meanrection to take ; for though they inclined to Egypt, yet ing is, As I have punished you only because you conthey wished to know the mind of God on that point. tinued to be rebellious, I will arrest this punishment as

Verse 5. The Lord be a true and faithful Witness] soon as you become obedient to my word. You need The Lord is such; and as ye have bound yourselves not fear the king of Babylon if you have me for your to obey his voice, he will register the covenant, and helper; and I will so show mercy to you that he shall bless or curse according as ye shall conduct yourselves see it, and cease from afficting you, as he shall see in this matter.

that I am on your side.

- Deut.

Psa.

V. 16.

xxii. 14.

The prophet reproves the

CHAP. XLIII.

people for their hypocrisy. A. M. 3416. 13 But if ye say, We will not God of Israel ; As mine anger and

A. M. 3416. B. C. 588

B. C. 588. 1. XLVIII. 1. dwell in this fand, neither obey my fury hath been w poured 01. XLVIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci, the voice of the LORD your forth upon the inhabitants of Jeru- Tarquinii Prisci. R. Roman., 29. God,

salem; so shall my fury be poured R. Roman., 29. 14 Saying, No; but we will go into the forth upon you, when ye shall enter into land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, Egypt: and ye shall be an execration, and nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor have an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; hunger of bread; and there will we dwell: and ye shall see this place no more.

15 And now therefore hear the word of the 19 The LORD hath said concerning you, O LORD, ye remnant of Judah, Thus saith the ye remnant of Judah; Go ye not into Egypt: LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; If ye P wholly know certainly that I have ? admonished you set your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to this day. sojourn there;

20 For "ye dissembled in your hearts, when 16 Then it shall come to pass, that the sword, ye sent me unto the Lord your God, saying, 'which ye feared, shall overtake you there in Pray for us unto the Lord our God: and the land of Egypt, and the famine, whereof ye according unto all that the Lord our God shall were afraid, shall follow close after you there say, so declare unto us, and we will do it. in Egypt; and there ye shall die.

21. And now I have this day declared it to 17 So shall it be with all the men that set you; but ye have not obeyed the voice of the their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; LORD your God, nor any thing for the which they shall die u by the sword, by the famine, he hath sent me unto you. and by the pestilence : and none of them 22 Now therefore know certainly that ye shall remain or escape from the evil that I shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by will bring upon them.

the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire 18 For thus saith the Lord of hosts, the I to go and to sojourn.

Chap. xliv. 16.—p Deut. xvii. 16; chap. xliv. 12, 13, 14. Chap. xviii. 16; xxiv. 9; xxvi. 6; xxix. 18, 22; xliv. 12; 9 Luke ix. 51. Ezek. xi. 8 - Heb. shall cleave after you. Zech. viii. 13. Deut. xvij. 16. — Heb. testified against you. 1 Heb. So shall all the men be. Chap. xxiv. 10; ver. 22. a Or, ye have used deceit against your souls. Ver. 2. Ver. See chap. xliv. 14, 28. Chap. vii. 20.

17; Ezek. vi. 11. La Or, to go to sojourn. Verse 15. If ye-set your faces to enter into Egypt, Verse 21. Ye have not obeyed the voice] Though fc.] Every evil that ye dreaded by staying in your ye have requested to have this particular revelation of own land shall come upon you in Egypt.

the Divine will, and promised obedience, yet have ye Verse 16. The swordand the famine-shall follow not done one thing for which ye sent me to inquire of close after you] Shall be at your heels; shall over the Lord. take and destroy you; for there ye shall die.

Verse 22. Now therefore know certainly] As ye Verse 19. Go ye not into Egypt] Why? Because have determined to disobey, God has determined to God knew, such was their miserable propensity to idol- punish. Ye may now follow the full bent of your atry, that they would there adopt the worship of the wicked devices, and I will follow the requisitions of country, and serve idols,

my justice,

Ye shall die by the sword, by the pestiVerse 20. For ye dissembled in your hearts] What lence, and by the famine, in the place whither ye a most miserable and incorrigible people! Ingratitude, desire to go to sojourn, Thus was their doom hypocrisy, rebellion, and cruelty seem to have been en- sealed. throned in their hearts! And what are they still? With such dispositions and with such rebellion of Just what their fathers were, except in the mere arti- heart, it is strange that they should put themselves to cle of idolatry; and that they do not practise because any trouble to inquire of the Lord relative to their futhey are indifferent to their own religion and to that of ture operations. They did not intend to obey; but as all others. Examine their devotions and their lives, a matter of curiosity they would inquire to hear what and see whether Charity herself. can say they believe the prophet might say; and if according to their own in the God of Abraham!

inclination, they would obey.

CHAPTER XLIII. The leading men, discrediling Jeremiah's prophecy, carry the people into Egypt, 1-7. Jeremiah, by a type,

foretells the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, 8–13. This mode of conveying instruction by actions was very erpressive, and frequently practised by the prophets. The image of Nebuchadnezzar arraying

A. M. 3416.
B. C. 588.

B. C. 588.

Anno

The factious determine

JEREMIAH.

to go to Egypt. himself with Egypt, as a shepherd puts on his garment, is very noble. Egypt at this time contended with Babylon for the empire of the east ; yet this mighty kingdom, when God appoints the revolution, shifts ils owner with as much ease as a shepherd removes his tent or garment, which the new proprietor has only to spread over him. See ver. 12.

A. M. 3416 AND it came to pass, that with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam 01. XLVIII. 1. when Jeremiah had made the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah 01. XLVIII. I. Tarquinii Prisci, an end of speaking unto all the the prophet, and Baruch the son Tarquinii Prisci R. Roman., 29.

R. Roman., 29. people all the words of the Lord of Neriah. their God, for which the LORD their God had 9 So they came into the land of Egypt: for sent him to them, even all these words,' they obeyed not the voice of the Lord: thus

2 a Then spake Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, came they even 10 e Tahpanhes. and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the 8 Then came the word of the A. M. cir. 34 17.

B. C. cir. 587. proud men, saying unto Jeremiah, 'Thou speak- Lord unto Jeremiah in Tah- 01. XLVIII. 2.

Tarquinu Prisci, est falsely: the Lord our God hath not sent panhes, saying,

R. Roman., thee to say, Go not into Egypt to sojourn 9 Take great stones in thine cir. annum 30. there :

hand, and hide them in the clay in the brick3 But Baruch the son of Neriah setteth thee kiln, which is at the entry of Pharaoh's house on against us, for to deliver us into the hand in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of of the Chaldeans, that they might put us to Judah ; death, and carry us away captives into Babylon. 10 And say unto them, Thus saith the LORD

4 So Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will captains of the forces, and all the people, obeyed send and take Nebuchadrezzar the king of not the voice of the LORD, to dwell in the land Babylon, fmy servant, and will set his throne of Judah.

upon these stones that I have hid; and he 5 But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the shall spread his royal pavilion over them. captains of the forces, took all the remnant 11 And when he cometh, he shall smite of Judah, that were returned from all nations, the land of Egypt, and deliver a such as are whither they had been driven to dwell in the for death to death ; and such as are for capland of Judah;

tivity to captivity; and such as are for the 6. Even

women, and children, and sword to the sword. the king's daughters, and every person that 12 And I will kindle a fire in the houses of Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had left i the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them a Ch. xlii.l. b Ch. xl. 11,12. -c Ch. xli. 10. d Ch. xxxix, Chap. xxv.9; xxvii. 6; see Ezek. xxix. 18, 20.

3 Chap. xliv. 10; xl. 7.

Le Ch. ii. 16; xliv. 1, called Hanes ; Isa. xxx. 4. 13; xlvi. 13. Chap. xv. 2; Zech. xi. 9. - Chap. xlvi. 25.
NOTES ON CHAP. XLIII.

these rebellious wretches; for whose welfare he had Verse 2. Thou speakest falsely] They had no other watched, prayed, gone through many indignities, and colour for their rebellion than flatly to deny that God suffered every kind of hardship. And now he sealed had spoken what the prophet related.

the truth of his Divine mission with his blood. Verse 6. Men, and women, and children, and the Verse 9. Take great stones] This discourse seems king's daughters) See the note on chap. xli. 10. It to have been delivered about a year after the destrucis truly surprising that the Chaldeans should have left tion of Jerusalem. They pretended that they dared behind any of the royal family of Judah! But, i. not stay in Judea for fear of the Chaldeans. The proPerhaps they knew not there were any, -2. If they phet here assures them that Nebuchadnezzar shall come did know, they might think, being children of concu- to Egypt, extend his conquests in that kingdom, and bines, they could not inherit. Or, 3. That being fe- place his tent over the very place where these stones males, they were not eligible. And they had taken were laid up, and destroy them. How these prophecare to seize all Zedekiah's sons, and stay them before cies were fulfilled, see at the end of chap. xliv.

Verse 11. Such as are for death to death] See the Verse 7. Came they even to Tahpanhes) This city note on chap. xv. 2. was called Daphne by the Greeks, and was situated at Verse 12. He shall burn them, and carry them the extremity of Lower Egypt, near to Heliopolis It away captives] Some of these gods, such as were of was called Daphne Pelusiaca. They halted at this wood, he will burn ; those of metal he will carry away. place, most probably for the purpose of obtaining the Some of them were of gold. See below. king's permission to penetrate farther into Egypt. It Şhall array himself with the land of Egypt] Shall was at this place that, according to St. Jerome, tradi- take all its wealth, and all its grandeur ; shall take all tion says the faithful Jeremiah was stoned to death by its spoils.

men, and

his eyes.

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