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prophesies falsely.


B. C. 595.


One of those pretended prophets spoken of in the preceding chapter, having contradicted and opposed Jere

miah, receives an awful declaration that, as a proof to the people of his having spoken without commission,
he should die in the then current year ; which accordingly came to pass in the seventh month, 1–17.
A. M. 3409.

ND ? it. came to pass the the Lord do so: the LORD

A. M. 3409 per

B. C. 595. OL. XLVI. 2. same year, in the beginning form thy words which thou hast Ol. XLVI. 2. Tarquinu Prisci, of the reign of Zedekiah king of prophesied, to bring again the Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 22. Judah, in the fourth year, and in vessels of the Lord's house, R. Roman., 22. the fifth month, that Hananiah the son of Azur and all that is carried away captive, from the prophet, which was of Gibeon, spake unto Babylon into this place. me in the house of the Lord, in the presence 7 Nevertheless hear thou now this word that of the priests and of all the people, saying, I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all

2 Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, the the people ; God of Israel, saying, I have broken the 8 The prophets that have been before me yoke of the king of Babylon.

and before thee of old prophesied both against 3 - Within diwo full years will I bring again many countries, and against great kingdoms, mto this place all the vessels of the Lord's of war, and of evil, and of pestilence. house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon -9 8 The prophet which prophesieth of peace, took away from this place, and carried them when the word of the prophet shall come to to Babylon :

pass, then shall the prophet be known, that 4 And I will bring again to this place Jeco- the Lord hath truly sent him. niah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, with 10 Then. Hananiah the prophet took the all the e captives of Judah, that went into yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, Babylon, saith the Lord: for I will break the and brake it. yoke of the king of Babylon.,

fi And Hananiah spake in the presence of 5 Then the prophet Jeremiah said unto the all the people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; prophet Hananiah in the presence of the Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadpriests, and in the presence of all the people nezzar king of Babylon í from the neck of all that stood in the house of the LORD,

nations within the space of two full years. 6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, “ Amen : And the prophet Jeremiah went his way. · Chap. xxvi. 1.- - Chap. xxvii. 12.- -- Chap. xxvii. 16. e Heb. captivity. Kings i. 36. Deut. xviii. 22.- de Ch. & Heb. two years of days.

-i Chap. xxvii. 7. NOTES ON CHAP. XXVIII.

Verse 8. The prophets that have been before me] Verse 1. And it came to pass the same yearthe Namely, Joel, Amos, Hosea, Micah, Zephaniah, fifth month] Which commenced with the first new Nahum, Habakkuk, and others ; all of whom demoon of August, according to our calendar. This verse nounced similar evils against a corrupt people. gives the precise date of the prophecy in the preceding Verse 9. When the word of the prophet shall come chapter; and proves that Zedekiah, not Jehoiakim, is to pass] Here is the criterion. He is a true prophet the name that should be read in the first verse of that who specifies things that he says shall happen, and also chapter.

fixes the time of the event; and the things do happen, Hananiah the son of Azur the prophet] One who and in that time. called himself a prophet ; who pretended to be in com- You say that Nebuchadnezzar shall not overthrow merce with the Lord, and to receive revelations from this city; and that in two years from tbis time, not him. He was probably a priest ; for he was of Gibeon, only the sacred vessels already taken away shall be a sacerdotal city in the tribe of Benjamin.

restored, but also that Jeconiah and all the Jewish Verse 2. . Thus speaketh the Lord] What awful captives shall be restored, and the Babylonish yoke impudence! when he knew in his conscience, that broken, see verses 2, 3, 4. Now I say that NebuGod had given him no such commission.

chadnezzar will come this year, and destroy this city, Verse 3. Within two full years] Time sufficient and lead away the rest of the people into captivity, for the Chaldeans to destroy the city, and carry away and the rest of the sacred vessels ; and that there will the rest of the sacred vessels; but he did not live to be no restoration of any kind till seventy years from see the end of this short period.

this time. , Verse 6. Amen; the Lord do soO that it might Verse 10. Then Hananiah--took the yoke--and be according to thy word! May the people find this brake it.] He endeavoured by this symbolical act to to be true!

persuade them of the truth of his prediction.

xxvii. 2.

A. M. 3409.

B. C. 595. Ol. XLVI. 2.


A M. 3409.

B. C. 595. Ol. XLVI. 2.


Jeremiah's letter to the


captives in Babylon. 12 Then the word of the LORD and they shall serve him: and

came unto Jeremiah the prophet, ' I have given him the beasts of Tarquinii Prisci, (after that Hananiah the prophet the field also.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 22.

had broken the yoke from off 15 Then said the prophet Jere- R. Roman., 22. the neck of the prophet Jeremiah,) saying, miah unto Hananiah the prophet, Hear now,

13 Go and tell Hananiah, saying, Thus Hananiah; The Lord hath not sent thee; but saith the LORD; Thou hast broken the yokes thou makest this people to trust in a lie. of wood; but thou shalt make for them yokes 16 Therefore thus saith the Lord; Behold, of iron.

I will cast thee from off the face of the earth : 14 For thus saith the Lord of hosts, the this year thou shalt die, because thou hast God of Israel ; k I have put a yoke of iron taught " rebellion against the Lord. upon

the neck of all these nations, that they 17 So Hananiah the prophet died the same may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon ; year in the seventh month.


Deut. xxviii. 48 ; chap. xxvii. 4, 7.—Chap. xxvii, 6.

Chap. xxix. 3); Ezek. xiii. 22.

Deuteronomy xiii. 5; chapter xxix. 32.0 Hebrew,


Verse 13. Yokes of iron.) Instead of Nebuchad- taught rebellion against the Lord, and God will cut pezzar's yoke being broken, this captivity shall be thee off; and this shall take place, not within seventy more severe than the preceding. All these nations years, or two years, but in this very year, and within shall have a yoke of iron on their neck. He shall sub- two months from this time. due them, and take all their property, even the beasts Verse 17. So Hananiah-died the same year in the of the field.

seventh month.) The prophecy was delivered in the · Verse 15. Hear now, Hananiah; the Lord hath not fifth month, (ver. 1,) and Hananiah died in the sent thee) This was a bold speech in the presence seventh month. And thus God, in mercy, gave him of those priests and people who were prejudiced in about two months, in which he might prepare to mect favour of this false prophet, who prophesied to them his Judge. Here, then, the true prophet was demonsmooth things. In such cases men wish to be strated, and the false prophet detected. The death of deceived.

Hananiah, thus predicted, was God's seal to the words Verse 16. This year thou shalt die] By this shall of his prophet; and must have gained his other prethe people know who is the true prophet. Thou hast | dictions great credit among the people,


Phis chapter contains the substance of two letters sent by the prophet to the captives in Babylon. In the first he recomiends to them patience and composure under their present circumstances, which were to endure for seventy years, 1-14; in which, however, they should fare better than their brethren who remained behind, 15-19. But, finding little credit given to this message, on account of the suggestions of the false prophets, Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and Zedekiah, the son of Maaseiah, who flattered them with the hopes of a speedy end to their captivity, he sends a second, in which he denounces heavy judgments against those false prophets that deceived them, 20-23 ; as he did afterwards against Shemaiah the Nehelamite, who had sent a letter of complaint against Jeremiah, in consequence of his message, 24–32. . . CC : 347 NOW these are the words of whom Nebuchadnezzar had "car

the letter that Jeremiah the ried away captive from Jerusalem Ol. cir. XLV. 4 Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., prophet sent from Jerusalem unto to Babylon;

Tarquinii Prisci, cir. annum 20. the residue of the à elders which 2 (After that cJeconiah the cir. annum 20. were carried away captįves, and to the priests, king and the queen, and the d eunuchs, the and to the prophets, and to all the people princes of Judah and Jerusalem, and the car:

Ol. cir. XLV. 4.

R. Roman.,

* Ezra x. 14.52 Kings xxv. 21.

-c 2 Kings xxiv. 12, &c.; chap. xxii. 26 ; xxviii. 4.

_dOr, chamberlains.


been led to believe that they were to be brought out Verse 1. Now these are the words of the letter] This of their captivity speedily. Jeremiah, fearing that transaction took place in the first or second year of this delusion might induce them to take some hasty Zedekiah. It appears that the prophet had been inform- steps, ill comporting with their present state, wrote a ed that the Jews who had already been carried into letter to them, which he entrusted to an embassy which captivity had, through the instigations of false prophets, Zedekiah had sent on some political concerns to Nebu.

B. C. cir. 597. Ol, cir. XLV. 4.

R. Roman., cir. annuin 20.

R. Roman., cir. annum 20.

Jeremiah's letter to the


captives in Babylon. B.C. cir: 397.* penters, and the smiths, were dreams which ye cause to be A. M. cir. 3407. Ol. cir. XLV. 4. departed from Jerusalem ;) dreamed. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, 3 By the hand of Elasah the 9 h For they prophesy i falsely

son- of Shaphan, and Gemariah unto you in my name: I have the son of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of not sent them, saith the Lord. Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar 10 For thus saith the LORD, That after king of Babylon) saying,

kseventy years be accomplished at Babylon I 4 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of will visit you, and perform my good word toIsrael, unto all that are carried away captives, ward you, in causing you to return to this whom I have caused to be carried away from place. Jerusalem unto Babylon;

11 For I know the thoughts that I think tó5. Build ye houses, and dwell in them, and ward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them; and not of evil, to give you an expect

6. Take ye wives, and beget sons and daugh- ed end. ters; and take wives for your sons, and give 12 Then - shall ye m call upon me, and ye your daughters to husbands, that they may shall go and pray unto me, and I will hearken bear sons and daughters; that ye may be in- unto you. creased there, and not diminished.

13 And ye shall seek me, and find me, when 7 And seek the peace of the city whither I ye shall search for me with all your heart. have caused you to be carried away captives, 14 And P I will be found of you, saith the fand pray unto the Lord for it: for in the LORD and I will turn away your captivity, peace thereof shall ye have peace.

and I will gather you from all the nations, 8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the and from all the places whither I have driven God of Israel; Let not your prophets and you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you your diviners, that be in the midst of again into the place whence I caused you to you, 6 deceive you, neither hearken to your be carried away captive.

• Ver. 28.- Ezra vi. 10; 1 Mac. xii. 11 ; 1 Tim. ii. 2. Heb. end and expectation. _m Dan. ix. 3, &c. - Lev. xxvi. . Chap. xiv. 14; xxiii. 21 ; xxvii. 14, 15; Eph. v. 6. Ver. 31. 39, 40, &c. ; Deut. xxx. 1, &c.- • Chap. xxiv, 7.-p Deut. iv. i Heb. in a lie.2 Chron. xxxvi. 21, 22 ; Ezra i. l; chap. xxv. 7; Psa. xxxii. 6; xlvi. l; Isa. lv. 6.- - Chap. xxiii. 3, 8; XXX.. 12; xxvii. 22; Dan. ix. 2.

3; xxxii. 37.

or act.

chadnezzar. The letter was directed to the elders, Verse 8. Neither hearken to your dreams) Rather, priests, prophets, and people who had been carried away dreamers; for it appears there was a class of such persons, captives to Babylon.

who not only had acquired a facility of dreaming themVerse 4. Thus saith the Lord of hosts] : This was selves, but who undertook to interpret the dreams of the commencement of the letter.

others. Verse 5. Build ye houses) Prepare for a long con- | Verse 10. For thus saith the Lord] It has been tinuance in your present captivity. Provide yourselves supposed that a very serious transposition of verses has with the necessaries of life, and multiply in the land, that taken place here; and it has been proposed to read ye may become a powerful people.

after ver. 9 the sixteenth to the nineteenth inclusive ; Verse 7. Seek the peace of ihe city] Endeavour to then the tenth, and on to the fourteenth inclusive ; promote, as far as you can, the prosperity of the places then the twentieth, the fifteenth, the twenty-first, and in which ye sojourn. Let no disaffection appear in word the rest regularly to the end.

Nothing can be more reasonable than this. That after seventy years be accomplished] nebo oh Wherever a man lives and has his ñourishment and lephi meloth, "at the mouth of the accomplishment,' support, that is his country as long as he resides in it. or “fill to the mouth.” Seventy years is the measure If things go well with that country, his interest is pro- which must be filled ;-fill this to the brim ;-commoted by the general prosperity, he lives at compara- plete this measure, and then you shall be visited and tive ease, and has the necessaries of life cheaper; and released. The whole seventy must be completed ; unless he is in a state of cruel servitude, which does expect no enlargement before that time. not appear to have been the case with those Israelites Verse 11. Thoughts of peace] Here God gives them to whom the prophet writes, (those of the first captiv- to understand, 1. That his love was moved towards them. ity,) they must be nearly, if not altogether, in as good 2. That he would perform his good word, his promises a state as if they had been in the country that gave often repeated, to them. 3. That for the fulfilment. them birth. . And in this case they were much better off of these they must pray, seek, and search. •4. That he than their brethren now in Judea, who had to contend would hearken, and they should find him ; provided, 5. with famine and war, and scarcely any thing before They sought him with their whole hearl, ver. 10-13. them but God's curse and extermination.

Verse 14. I will gather you from all the nations] A

cir. annum 20.

Judgments denounced


against false prophets. A. M. cir. 3407.

15 Because ye have said, The sent from Jerusalem to Baby- A.M. cir. 3497 B. C. cir. 597. 01. cir. XLV. 4. Lord hath raised us up prophets lon:

Ol, eir. XLV. 4. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., in Babylon; 21 Thus saith the LORD of

R. Roman., 16 Know that thus saith the hosts, the God of Israel, of Ahab cit. annum 20. LORD of the king that sitteth upon the throne the son of Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of David, and of all the people that dwelleth of Maaseiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in this city, and of your brethren that are not in my name; Behold, I will deliver them into gone forth with you into captivity;

the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; 17 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Behold, and he shall slay them before your eyes; I will send upon them the "sword, the famine, | 22 And of them shall be taken up a curse and the pestilence, and will make them like by all the captivity of Judah which are in s vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil. Babylon, saying, The LORD makė thee like

18 And I will persecute them with the sword, Zedekiah, and like Ahab, whom the king of with the famine, and with the pestilence, and Babylon roasted in the fire; t will deliver them to be removed to all the 23 Because z they have committed villany in kingdoms of the earth, " to be a curse, and an Israel, and have committed adultery with their astonishment, and a hissing, and a reproach, neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words among all the nations whither I have driven in my name, which I have not commanded them ;

them; even I know, and am a Witness, saith 19 Because they have not hearkened to my the Lord. words, saith the LORD, which w I sent unto 24 Thus shalt thou also speak to Shemaiah them by my servants the prophets, rising up the’ a Nehelamite, saying, early and sending them; but ye would not 25 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the hear, saith the LORD.

God of Israel, saying; Because thou hast sent 20 Hear. ye therefore the word of the letters in thy name unto all the people that LORD, all ye of the captivity, whom I hàve are at Jerusalem, b.and to Zephaniah the son

Chap. xxiv. 10. Chap. xxiv. 8.-i Deut. xxviii. 25; Chap. xxv. 4; xxxii. 33. - See Gen. xlviii. 20; Isa. Ixv. 2 Chron. xxix. 8, chap. xv. 4 ; xxiv. 9 ; xxxiv. 17.- Heb. for 15. – Dạn. iii. 6. 2 Chap. xxiii. 14. - Or, dreamer. Chap. xxvi. 6; chap. xlii. 18.

62 Kings xxv. 18; chap, xxi. 1. tation from Deut. xxx. 3, and see also Deut. letter, beginning with the fifteenth verse, and going on iv. 7.

with the twenty-first, &c., in which he denounces God's Verse 15. Because ye have said) The Septuagint judgments on three of the chief of those, Ahab, Zedevery properly insert this verse between the twentieth kiah, and Shemaiah and the twenty-first, and thus the connexion here is not Verse 21. He shall slay them before your eyes.] disturbed, and the connexion below completed. Nebuchadnezzar would be led by political reasons to

Verse 17. Behold, I will send upon them the sword] punish these pretended prophets, as their prediétions Do not envy the state of Zedekiah who sits on the tended to make his Israelitish subjects uneasy and throne of David, nor that of the people who are now disaffected, and might excite them to rebellion. He in the land whence ye have been carried captive, therefore slew them; two of them, it appears, he burnt (ver. 16,) for “ I will send the sword, the pestilence, alive, viz., Ahab and Zedekiah, who are supposed by and the famine upon them;" and afterwards shall the rabbins to be the two elders who endeavoured to cause them to be carried into a miserable captivity in seduce Susanna, see ver. 23. Burning alive was a all nations, (ver. 18 ;) but ye see the worst of your Chaldean punishment, Dan. iii 6, and Amos ii. 1. own case, and you have God's promise of enlargement From them other nations borrowed it. when the proper time is come. The reader will not Verse 23. Have committed adultery with their forget that the prophet is addressing the captives in neighbours' wives] This is supposed to refer to the Babylon.

case of Susanna. See above. Verse 20. Hear ye therefore the word] Dr. Blayney Verse 24. Speak to Shemaiah] Zephaniah was the thinks there were two letters written by the prophet to second priest, sagan, or chief priest's deputy, and Sethe captives in Babylon, and that the first ends with raiah, high priest, when Jerusalem was taken. See this verse. That having heard, on the return of the chap. lii. 24. Shemaiah directs his letter to the forembassy, (Elasah and Gemariah, whom Zedekiah had mer, and tells him that God had appointed him to supsent to Babylon, and to whom the prophet entrusted ply the place of the high priest, who was probably then the above letter, ver. 3,) that the captives had not re- absent. His name was either Azariah or Seraiah his ceived his advices favourably, because they were de- son, but called Jehoiada from the remarkable zeal and ceived by false prophets among them, who promised courage of that pontiff. See the passages in the marthem a speedier deliverance, he therefore wrote a second gin. -Dodd. After the taking of Jerusalem, Zepha


a curse.

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B. C. cir. 597 Ol. cir. XLV. 4.

R. Roman., eir. annum 20.

R. Roman., cir. annum 20.

The punishment of


Shemaiah the Nehelamite. A M. cir. 3407 of Maaseiah the priest, and to all in the ears of Jeremiah the 4M. cir. 3407. 01. eir. XLV. 4: the priests, saying,

prophet. Tarquini Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, 26 The Lord hath made thee 30 Then came the word of the

priest in the stead of Jehoiada LORD unto Jeremiah, saying, the priest, that ye should be officers in the 31 Send to all them of the captivity, sayhouse of the LORD, for every man that is ing, Thus saith the Lord concerning Shed mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that maiah the Nehelamite; Because that Shethou shouldest put him in prison, and in the maiah hath prophesied unto you, 6 and I stocks.

sent him not, and he caused you to trust in 27 Now therefore why hast thou not reproved a lie: Jeremiah of Anathoth, which maketh himself 32. Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold a prophet to you ?

I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and 28 For therefore he sent unto us in Babylon, his seed : he shall not have a man to dwell saying, This captivity is long: build ye among this people: neither shall he behold the houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, good that I will do for my people, saith the and eat the fruit of them.

LORD; because he hath taught i rebellion 29 And Zephaniah the priest read this letter against the LORD.

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niah was put to death by Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah ; have no posterity to succeed him. 2. His family, see chap. xxxvii. 3. The history of Jehoiada may be i. e., relations, &c., shall not be found among those seen 2 Kings xi. 3, &c.

whom I shall bring back from captivity. 3. Nor Verse 26. For every man that is mad, and maketh shall he himself see the good that I shall do for my himself a prophet) Mad, vivo meshugga, in ecstatic people. And all this shall come upon him and his rapture ; such as appeared in the prophets, whether true because he hath taught rebellion against the Lord. He or false, when under the influence, the one of God, the excited the people to reject Jeremiah, and to receiveother of a demon. See 2 Kings ix. 11; Hos. ix. 7. the lying words of the false prophets ; and these led

Verse 32. I will punish Shemaiah] 1. He shall them to rebel.


This and the following chapter must relate to a still future restoration of the posterity of Jacob from their

several dispersions, as no deliverance hitherto afforded them comes up to the terms of it; for, after the return from Babylon, they were again enslaved by the Greeks and Romans, contrary to the prediction in the eighth verse; in every papistical country they have laboured under great civil disabilities, and in some of them have been horribly persecuted ; upon the ancient people has this mystic Babylon very heavily laid her yoke ; and in no place in the world are they at present their own masters ; so that this prophecy remains to be fulfilled in the reign of David, i. e., the Messiah; the type, according to the general structure of the prophetical writings, being put for the antitype. The prophecy opens by an easy transition from the temporal deliverance spoken of before, and describes the mighty revolutions that shall precede the restoration of the descendants of Israel, 1-9, who are encouraged to trust in the promises of God, 10, 11, They are, however, to expect corrections ; which shall have a happy issue in a future period, 12–17. The great blessings of Messiah's reign are enumerated, 18–22 ; and the wicked and impenitent declared to

have no share in them, 23, 24. A. M, cir. 3417 B.C. cir. 5877 THE word that came to Jere-| the words that I have spoken 4. M. cir

. 3417.

B. C. cir. 587. OI. XLVIII. 2. miah from the Lord, saying, unto thee in a book.

01. XLVIII. 2. Tarquini Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 2 Thus speaketh the Lord God 3 For, lo, the days come,


R. Roman., cir. annum 30.

cir. annum 30. of Israel, saying, Write thee all the Lord, that a I will bring again

a Ver. 18; chap. xxxii. 44; Ezek. xxxix. 25; Amos ix. 14, 15. NOTES ON CHAP. XXX.

future restoration of both Jews and Israelites in the Verse 1. The word that came to Jeremiah froin the times of the Gospel ; though also touching at the reLord] This prophecy was delivered about a year after storation from the Babylonish captivily, at the end of the taking of Jerusalem ; so Dahler. Dr. Blayney seventy years. Supposing these two chapters to be supposes it and the following chapter to refer to the penned after the taking of Jerusalem, which appears

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