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A. M. 3397.

B. C. 607. 01, XLIII.2.



Judgments on wicked


kings and magistrates. 25 And all the kings of Zimri, the earth; for the Lord hath "a

A. M. 3397.

B. C. 607. and all the kings of Elam, and controversy with the nations, he OI. XLIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, all the kings of the Medes, will plead with all flesh; he will Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 10.

26 P And all the kings of the give them that are wicked to the R. Roman., 10. north, far, and near, one with another, and all sword, saith the Lord. the kingdoms of the world, which are upon 32 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, Behold, the face of the earth : 9 and the king of She-evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and shach shall drink after them...

d a great whirlwind shall be raised up from 27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, the coasts of the earth. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of 33 • And the slain of the LORD shall be at Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, that day from one end of the earth even unto and fall, and rise no more, because of the the other end of the earth :they shall not be sword which I will send among you.

f lamented,' 6 neither gathered, nor buried; And it shall be, if they refuse to take the they shall be dung upon the ground. cup at thine hand. 19 drink, then shalt thou 34

34 "Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal Ye shall certainly drink.

of the flock: for the days of your slaughter 29 For, lo, 'I begin to bring evil on the and of your dispersions are accomplished; city " which 'is called by my name, and should and ye shall fall like. a pleasant vessel. ye be utterly unpunished ? Ye shall not be 35 And I the shepherds shall have no way to unpunished : for w I will call for a sword upon filee, nor the principal of the flock 10 escape. all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD 36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and of hosts.

a howling of the principal of the flock, shall 30 Therefore prophesy thou against them be heard : for the LORD hath spoiled their all these words, and say unto then, The Lord pasture. shall + roar from on high, and utter his voice 37. And the peaceable habitations are cut from y his holy habitation; he shall mightily down because of the fierce anger of the LORD. roar upon ? his habitation; he shall give "a 38 He hath forsaken m his covert, as the shout, as they that tread the grapes, against lión: for their land is a desolate because of all the inhabitants of the earth.

the fierceness of the oppressor, and because 31 A noise shall come even to the ends of of his fierce anger.

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• Chap. xlix. 34.-p Chap. 1. 9.- Chap. li. 41. Hab. b Hos, iv. l; Mic. vi. 2.- Isa. lxvi. 16 ; Joel ji. 2. ii. 16.- Isa. li. 21 ; lxin. 6. Prov. xi. 31 ; chap. xlix. 12; Chap. xxiii. 19; xxx. 23. e Isa. lxvi. 16. - Chap. xvi. 4, Ezek. ix. 6; Obad. 16; Luke xxiii. 31; 1 Pet. iv. 17. u Heb. 6.- $ Psa. lxxix. 3; chap. vili. 2; Rev. xi. 9. Chap. iv. upon which

my name is called, - Dan. ix, 18, 19,- Ezek. 8; vi. 26. - Heb. your days for slaughter.- - Heb, a vessel xxxviii. 21. - Isa. xlii. 13, Joel iii. 16; Amos i. 2.- - Psa. of desire. - Heb. flight shall perish from the shepherds, and esxi. 4 ; chap. xvii. 12. - 1 Kings ix. 3; Psa. cxxxii. 14. caping from, &c.; Amos ü. 14. in Psa. lxxvi. 2. Heb. a Isa, xvi. 9; chap. xlviii. 33.

a desolation.


Verse 25., Zimri] Descendants of Abraham, by Verse 29. The city which is called by my name]
Keturah, Gen. xxv. 2, 6.

Jerusalem, which should be first given 'up to destruc-
Elam] Called Elymais by the Greeks, was on the tion.
south frontier of Media, to the north of Susiana, not Verse 32. Evil shall go forth from nation to natim]
far from Babylon.

One nation after another shall fall before the Chaldeans. Verse 26. The kings of the north, far and near] Verse 33. From one end of the earth] From one The first may mean Syria; the latter, the Hyrcanians end of the land to the other. All Palestine shall be and Bactrians.

desolated by it. And the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.] Verse 34. Howl, ye shepherds] Ye kings and chiefs Sheshach was an ancient king of Babylon, who was of the people. deified after his death. Here it means either Babylon, Ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.) As a fall will or Nebuchadnezzar the king of it. After it has been break and utterly ruin a precious vessel of crystal, the occasion of ruin to so many other nations, Babylon agate, &c., so your overthrow will be to you irreparitself shall be destroyed by the Medo-Persians. able ruin.

Verse 27. Be drunken, and spue] Why did we not Verse 38. As the lion] Leaving the banks of Joruse the word vomit, less offensive than the other, and dan when overflowed, and coming with ravening fierceyet of the same signification ?

ness to the champaign country. 322

( 21* )

A conspiracy against


the life of the prophets


B. C. 610.


Jeremiah, by the command of God, goes into the court of the Lord's house ; and foretells the destruction of

the temple and city, if not prevented by the speedy repentance of the people, 1–7. By this unwelcome prophecy his life was in great danger; although saved by the influence of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, who makes a masterly defence for the prophet, 8–18. Urijah is condemned, but escapes to Egypt; whence he is brought back by Jehoiakim, and slain, 20-23, Ahikam befriends Jeremiah, 24. A. M. 3394.

8. M. 3394. B. C. 610.

IN the beginning of the reign of people, that the priests and the OL. XLII. 3. Jehoiakim the son of Josiah prophets and all the people took , Ol. XLII. 3. Tarquinii Prisci, king of Judah came this word him, saying, Thou shalt surely Tarquinii Prisci; The Homan., .. from the Lord, saying,


R. Roman., 7; 2 Thus saith the LORD; Stand in a the 9 Why hast thou prophesied in the name of court of the LORD's house, and speak unto all the LORD, saying, This house shall be like the cities of Judah, which come to worship in Shiloh, and this city shall be desolate without the Lord's house, b all the words that I com- an inhabitant ? And all the people were mand thee to speak unto them; diminish not gathered against Jeremiah in the house of the a word:

LORD 3 If so be they will hearken, and turn 10 When the princes of Judah heard these every man from his evil way, that I may re- things, then they came up from the king's pent me of the evil, which I purpose to do unto house unto the house of the LORD, and sat them, because of the evil of their doings. down k in the entry of the new gate of the

4 And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Lord's house. the LORD; ? If ye will not hearken to me 11 Then spake the priests and the prophets to walk in my law, which I have set be- unto the princes and to all the people, saying,

? This man is worthy to die; m for he hath 5 To hearken to the words of my servants prophesied against this city, as ye have heard the prophets, 6 whom I' sent unto you, both with your ears. rising up early, and sending them, but ye have 12 Then spake Jeremiah unto all the princes not hearkened;

and to all the people, saying, The LORD sent 6 Then will I make this house like " Shiloh, me to prophesy against this house and against and will make this city ia curse to all the this city all the words that ye have heard. nations of the earth.

13 Therefore now n amend your ways and 7 So the priests and the prophets and all the your doings, and obey the voice of the LORD people heard Jeremiah speaking these words your God; and the LORD will repent him of in the house of the LORD.

the evil that he hath pronounced against you. --8 Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had 14 As for me, behold, I am in your hand; made an end of speaking all that the LORD do with me 9 as seemeth good and meet unto had commanded him to speak unto all the you.

fore you,


* Chap. xix. 14. Ezek. iii. 10; Matt. xxvui. 20.- Acts vii. 12, 14.-i Isa. Ixv. 15; chap. xxiv. 9. Or, at the door YX. 27. - Chap. xxxvi. 3. Chap. xviii. 8; Jonah iii. 8, 9. Heb. The judgment of death is for this man. Chap Ler. xxvi. 14, &c.; Deut. xxviii. 15.- -6 Chap. vii. 13, 25; xxxviii. 4.- Chap. vii. 3. Ver. 3, 19. -- Chap. xxxviii. xi. 7; xxv. 3, 4.-1 Sam. iv. 10, 11; Psa. lxxviii, 60; chap. 5. - Heb. as it is good and right in your eyes,

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Verse 10. The princes of Judah} The king's court ; Verse 1. In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim] his cabinet counsellors. As this prophecy must have been delivered in the first Verse 12. The Lord sent me to prophesy] My or second year of the reign of Jehoiakim, it is totally commission is from him, and my words are his own. out of its place here. Dr. Blayney puts it before I sought not this painful office. I did not run before I chap. xxxvi. ; and Dr. Dahler immediately after chap. was sent. ix., and before chap. xlvi.

Verse 13. Therefore, now amend your ways] If Verse 4. If ye will not hearken] This and several ye wish to escape the judgment which I have preof the following verses are nearly the same with those dicted, turn to God, and iniquity shall not be your in chap. vii. 13, &c., where see the notes.

ruin. Verse 8. And all the people] That were in com- Verse 14. As for me, behold, I am in your hand] pany with the priests and the prophets.

I am the messenger of God; you may do with me

B. C. 610.



Urijah prophesies against


Jerusalem, and is slain. A. M. 3394.

A: M. 3394. 15 But know ye for certain, he had pronounced against them?

B. C. 610. OI. XLII. 3. that if ye put me to death, ye shall * Thus might we procure great Ol. XLII. 3. Tarquinii Prisci, surely bring innocent blood upon evil against our souls.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 7. yourselves, and upon this city,

R. Roman., 7.

20 And there was also a man and upon the inhabitants thereof: for of a truth that prophesied in the name of the Lord, the Lord hath sent me unto you to speak all Urijah the son of Shemaiah of Kirjath-jearim, these words in your ears.

who prophesied against this city and against this 16. Then said the princes and all the people land according to all the words of Jeremiah : únto the priests and to the prophets ; This 21. And when Jehoiakim the king, with all man is not worthy to die : for he hath spoken his mighty men, and all the princes, heard his to us in the name of the Lord our God. words, the king sought to put him to death :

17 Then rose up certain of the elders of but when Urijah heard it, he was afraid, and the land, and spake to all the assembly of the fled, and went into Egypt; people, saying,

22 And Jehoiakim the king sent men into 18 Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the Egypt, namely, Elnatlian the son of Achbor, days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spake and certain men with him into Egypt. to all the people of Judah, saying, Thus saith 23 And they fetched forth Urijah out of the LORD of hosts; + Zion shall be ploughed Egypt, and brought him unto Jehoiakim the like a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, king; who slew him with the sword, and cast and the mountain of the house as the high his dead body into the graves of the common places of a forest.

people. 19 Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all 24 Nevertheless z the hand of Ahikam the Judah put him at all to death ? u did he not son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that they fear the Lord, and besought the Lord, and should not give him into the hand of the the LORD w repented him of the evil which people to put him to death. See Acts v. 34, &c. - Mic. i. 1.

.-i Mic. ini. 12.
Exod. xxxii, 14; 2 Sam. xxiv. 16.

- Heb. Chron. xxxii. 26.

—Heb. the face of the LORD. sons of the people.- - 2 Kings xxij. 12, 14; chap. xxxix. 14. what you please ;. but if you slay me, you will bring thence and slew him, and caused him to have an ignoinnocent blood upon yourselves.

minious burial, ver. 21-23. Verse 16. This man is not worthy to die] The Verse 24. The hand of. Ahikamwas with Jerewhole court acquitted him.

miah] And it was probably by his influence that JeVerse 17. Certain of the elders] This is really a remiah did not share the same fate with Urijah. The fine defence, and the argument was perfectly conclu- Ahikam mentioned here was probably the father of sive. Some think that it was Ahikam who undertook Gedaliah, who, after the capture of Jerusalem, was the prophet's defence.

appointed governor of the country by Nebuchadnezzar, Verse 18. Micah the Morasthite] The same as chap. xl. 5. Of the Prophet Urijah, whether he was stands among the prophets. Now all these prophe- true or false, we know nothing but what we learn sied as hard things against the land as Jeremiah has from this place. done ; yet they were not put to death, for the people That they should not give him into the hand of the saw that they were sent of God.

people] Though acquitted in the supreme court, he Verse 20. Urijahwho prophesied] The process was not out of danger; there was a popular preagainst Jeremiah is finished at the nineteenth verse; judice against him, and it is likely that Ahikam and the case of Urijah is next brought on, for he was was obliged to conceal him, that they might not also to be tried for his life ; but hearing of it he fled put him to death. The genuine ministers of God to Egypt. He was however condemned in his ab- have no favour to expect from those who are his sence; and the king sent to Egypt, and brought him I enemies.


- Acts v. 39.

CHAPTER XXVII. Ambassadors being come from several neighbouring nations to solicit the king' of Judah to join in a confede

racy against the king of Babylon, Jeremiah is commanded to put bands and yokes upon his neck, (the emblems of subjection and slavery,) and to send them afterwards by those ambassadors to their respective · princes ; intimaling by this significant type that God had decreed their subjection to the Babylonian empire, and that it was their wisdom to submit. It is farther declared that all the conquered nations shall remain m subjection to the Chaldeans during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, and those of his son and grandson,

.B. C. 595.



A prophecy of Judah's


subjection to Babylon. even till the arrival of that period in which the Babylonians shall have filled up the measure of their iniquities; and that then the mighty Chaldean monarchy itself, for a certain period the paramount power of the habitable globe, shall be visited with a dreadful storm of Divine wrath, through the violence of which it shall be dashed to pieces like a potler's vessel, the fragments falling into the hands of many nations and great kings, 1-11. Zedekiah, particularly, is admonished not to join in the revolt against Nebuchadnezzar, and warned against trusting to the suggestions of false prophets, 11-18. The chapter concludes with foretelling that what still remained of the sacred vessels of the temple should be carried to Babylon, and not restored till after the destruction of the Chaldean empire, 19-22. A. M. 3409.

IN the beginning of the reign 6 5 And now have I given all B. C. 595.

A. M. 3409, OL. XLVI. 2. of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah these lands into the hand of Nebu- Ol. XLVI. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, a king of Judah came this word chadnezzar, the king of Babylon, Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman, 22.

unto Jeremiah from the Lord, my servant; and i the beasts of R. Roman., 22, saying,

the field have I given him also to serve him. 2 Thus b saith the Lord to me; Make thee ng k And all nations shall serve him, and his bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy son, and his son's son, 'until the very time of neck,

his land come : mand then many nations and 3 And send them to the king of Edom, and great kings shall serve themselves of him. to the king of Moab, and to the king of the 8 And it shall come to pass, that the nation Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to and kingdom which will not serve the same the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messen- Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that gers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Judah;

king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, 4 And command them d to say unto their saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have God of Israel ; Thus shall ye say unto your consumed them by his hand. masters;

9 Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets, 5 I have made the earth, the man and the nor to your diviners, nor to your "dreamers, beast that are upon the ground, by my great nor to your enchanters, nor to your sorcerers, power and by my outstretched arm, and have which speak unto you, saying, Ye shall. nog given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me. serve the king of Babylon :

a See ver. 3, 12, 19, 20; chap. xxviii. 1.- Or, hath the Psa. cxv. 16; Dan. iv. 17, 25, 32.- Chap. xxvii. 14, LORD said. Chap. xxviii. 10, 12; so Ezek. iv. 1 ; xn. 3; Chap. xxv. 9; xliii. 10; Ezek. xxix. 18, 20. Chap. xxvii. - Or, concerning their maslets, saying.

e Psa. 14; Dan. ü. 38.- 2 Chron. xxxvi. 20. Chap. xxv. 12; cxv. 15; cxlvi. 6; Isa. xlv. 12.

1. 27; Dan. v. 26.- Chap. xxv. 14.- - Heb. dreams. NOTES ON CHAP. XXVII.

them into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Verse 1. In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim] Babylon. It is most evident that this prophecy was delivered Verse 7. And all nations shall serve him, (Nebu about the fourth year of ZEDEKIAH, and not Jehoiakim, chadnezzar,) and his son, (Evil-merodach, chap. lii. 31,) as in the text. See chap. xxviii. 1. . Three of Ken- and his son's son, (Belshazzar, Dan. v. 11.) All which nicott's MSS. (one in the text, a second in the margin, was literally fulfilled. and the third upon a rasure) have Zedekiah ; so like- Verse 9. Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets] wise have the Syriac and the Arabic. Houbigant, Who pretend to have a revelation from heaven. Looth, Blayney, Dahler, and others declare for this Nor to your diviners] . bɔinop kosemeychem, from reading against that in the present text. And it is oop kasam, to presage or prognosticate. Persons who clear from the third and twelfth verses, where Zede- guessed at futurity by certain signs in the animate or kiah is expressly mentioned, that this is the true inanimate creation. reading.

Nor to your dreamers] do'nalny chalomotheychem, Verse 2. Make thee bonds and yokes] Probably from one chalam, to break in pieces ; hence aibn chayokes with straps, by which they were attached to the tom, a dream, because it consists of broken fragments. neck. This was a symbolical action, to show that the Dream-interpreters, who, from these broken shreds, several kings mentioned below should be brought under patch up a meaning by their own interpolations.. the dominion of the Chaldeans.

Nor to your enchanters] D'Jy meneychem, from Verse 5. I have made the earth] I am the Creator y anan, a cloud-cloud-mongers. Diviners by the and Governor of all things, and I dispose of the several flight, colour, density, rarity, and shape of clouds. kingdoms of the world as seemeth best to me.

Nor to your sorcerers] DD'Đi cashshapte/chem, -, Verse 6. And now have I given] These kingdoms from qa kashaph, to discover; the discoverers, the are at my sovereign disposal ; and at present, for the finders out of hidden things, stolen goods, &c. Perpunishment of their rulers and people, I shall give sons also who use incantations, and either by spells of

Ixiv, 3, &c.


A. M. 3409.
B. C. 595.

A. M. 3409.

B. C. 595. OI. XLVI. 2.


lie unto you.


Zedekiah warned against


trusting in false prophets. 10. For they prophesy a lies of the Lord's house shall now

unto you, to Premove you far shortly be brought again from ol. XLVI. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, from your land; and that I Babylon : for they prophesy a Tarquini Prisci, R. Roman., 22. should drive you out, and

R. Roman., 22.

ye should perish.

17 Hearken not unto them; serve the king 11 But the nations that bring their neck of Babylon, and live : wherefore should this under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and city be laid waste ? serve him, those will. I let'remain still in their 18 But if they be prophets, and if the word own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till of the Lord be with them, let them now it, and dwell therein.

make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that 12 I spake also to i Zedekiah king of Judah the vessels which are left in the house of the according to all these words, saying, Bring LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, your necks under the yoke of the king of Ba- and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon. bylon, and serve him and his people, and live. 19 For thus saith the LORD of hosts v

13 Why will ye die, thou and thy people, cerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pes- and concerning the bases, and concerning tilence, as the Lord hath spoken against the the residue of the vessels that remain in nation that will not serve the king of Babylon? this city,

14 Therefore hearken not unto the words 20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, took not, when he carried away w captive Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon : for Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah they prophesy sa lie unto you.

from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles 15 For I have not sent them, saith the of Judah and Jerusalem; LORD, yet they prophesy t a lie in my name; 21 Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the that I may drive you out, and that ye might. God of Israel, concerning the vessels that reperish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy main in the house of the Lord, and in the unto you.

house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem; 16 Also I spake to the priests and to all this 22. They shall be ? carried to Babylon, and people, saying, Thus sąith the LORD.; Hearken there shall they be until the day that I y visit not to the words of your prophets that pro- them, saith the LORD; then ? will I bring phesy unto you, saying, Behold, u the vessels them up, and restore them to this place.

. Ver. 14.- Chap. xxxii. 31; Deut. xxviii. 25; Ezek. i. 2. -- 2 Kings xxv 13, &c.; chap. lī. 17, 20, 21.- :-*2 Kings xii. 3. Chap. xxviii. 1; xxxviii. 17. -- Ezek. xviii. xxiv. 14, 15; chap. xxiv. 1. _*2 Kings xxv. 13; 2 Chron. 31. Chap. xiv. 14; xxiii. 21 ; xxix. 8, 9.- - Heb. in a lie, xxxvi. 18. -y 2 Chron. xxxvi. 21 ; chap. xxix. 10; xxi. 5. ør lyingly.- -42 Chron. xxxvi. 7, 10; chap. xxviii. 3; Dan. 2 Ezra i. 7; vii. 19.

drugs pretend to find out mysteries, or produce super- which was after the captivity, when they were sent back natural effects. Every nation in the world had persons by Cyrus, the Lord inclining his heart to do it, Ezra i. who pretended to find out hidden things, or foretell future 7, and vii. 19. events; and sạch were gladly encouraged by the igno- Verse 19. Concerning the pillars) Two brazen rant multitude ; and many of them were mere apes of columns placed by Solomon in the pronaos or portico the prophets of God. Man knows that he is short-sighted, of the temple, eighteen cubits high, and twelve in circumfeels pain at the uncertainty of futurity, and wishes to ference, 1 Kings vii. 15–22 ; Jer. lii. 11. have his doubts resolved by such persons as the above, The sea] The brazen sea, ten cubits in diameter, and to put an end to his uncertainty.

thirty in circumference. It contained wateş for different Verse 13. Why will ye die] If ye resist the king washings in the Divine worship, and was supported on of Babylon, to whom I have given a commission twelve brazen oxen. Perhaps these are what are called against you, ye shall be destroyed by the sword and the bases here. See the parallel places in the margin, by famine ; but if ye submit, ye shall escape all these and the notes on them. evils.

Verse 22. They shall be carried to Babylon) Far Verse 16. The vessels of the Lord's house] Which from those already taken being brought back, those had been carried away by Nebuchadnezzar under which now remain shall be carried thither, unless ye the reigns of Jehoiakim and Jeconiah, 2 Chron. submit to the Chaldeans. They did not subinit, Xxxvi. 7-10.

and the prophecy was literally fulfilled; see chap. lii. Shall now shortly be brought again} This is a lie. 17–23 ; 2 Kings xxv. 13, and the other places in They shall not be restored till I bring them up, ver. 32, the margin,

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