Page images

B. C. cir. 604.

cir. annuin 13.

cir. annum 13.

a fool.

x. 20.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

The prophet prays to God,

JEREMIAH. and complains of his enemies
A Mi cir: 3400 and desperately wicked: who depart from me shall be written 4 Meir. 3400.
B. C. .
OI. XLIV.I. can know it ?

in the earth, because they have Ol. XLIV. 1.
Tarquinii Prisci,
. R. Roman.,

Tarquinu Prisci, 10. I the LORD i search the forsaken the LORD, the 2 Fountain

R. Roman., heart, I

try the reins, seven to of living waters. give every man according to his ways, and 14 Heal me, O Lord, and I shall be healed; according toʻthe fruit of his doings.

save me, and I shall be saved : for a thou art '11 As the partridge • sitteth on eggs, and my praise. hatcheịh them not; so he that getteth riches, 15 Behold, they say unto me, Where is and not by right, u shall leave them in the midst the word of the LORD? let it come now. of his days, and at his end shall be v

16 As for me, I have not hastened from 12 A glorious high throne from the begin-, being a pastor d to follow thee: neither have ning is the place of our sanctuary.

I desired the woful day; thou knowest : that 13 O Lord, w the hope of Israel, * all that which came out of my lips was right before thee: forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that 17 Be not a terror unto me:

e thou art rl Sam. xvi. 7; 1 Chron. xxvui. 9; Psa. vů.9; cxxxix. 23, 24; w Chap. xiv. 8.- Psa. lxxi. 27; Isa. i. 21.-s See Luke Prov. xvi. 3; chap. xi. 20; xx. 12; Rom. xii. 27; Rev. ii. 23.

Chap. ii. 13.4 _ Deut. x. 28; Psa. cix. l; caluni. 14. Psa. Ixii. 12; chap. xxxii. 19; Rom. ii. 6. - Or, gathereth young b Isa. v. 19; Ezek. xii. 22; Amos v. 18; 2 Pet. ill. 4.

—Chap which she hath not brought forth.-, 23. — Luke xii. 20. i. 4, &c. a Heb. after thee. - Chap. xvi. 19. halleb, “the heart is supplanting-tortuous—full of And at his end shall be a fool.} Shall be reputed as windings—insidious ;" lying ever at the catch ; striving such. He was a fool all the way through; he lost his to avail itself of every favourable circumstance to soul, to get wealth, and this wealth he never enjoyed. gratify its propensities to pride, ambition, evil desire, To him also are applicable those strong words of the and corruption of all kinds.

poet : And desperately wicked] 1977 Visi veanush hu, and “O cursed lust of gold! when for thy sake is wretched, or feeble ; distressed beyond all things, in

The wretch throws up his interest in both worlds : consequence of the wickedness that is in it. I am

First starved in this, then damned in that to come.” quite of Mr. Parkhurst's opinion, that this word is here

Blair. badly translated, as Vix anash is never used in Scripture to denote wickedness of any kind. My old MS.

Verse 12. A glorious high throne) As he is cursed Bible translates thus :- Schrewid is the herte, of a He is here represented as on a throne in his temple ;

who trusts in man, so he is blessed who trusts in God. man; and unserchable : who schal knowen it: Who can know it?] It even hides itself from itself;

to him in the means of grace all should resort. . He so that its owner does not know it. A corrupt heart is the support, and a glorious support, of all them that

trust in him. is the worst enemy the fallen creature can have; it is full of evil devices,--of deceit, of folly, and abomina

Verse 13. Written in the earth] They shall never tion; and its owner knows not what is in him till it

Their names shall be written in

come to true honour. boils over, and is often past remedy before the evil is the dust ; and the first wind that blows over it shall perceived. Therefore, trust not in man, whose pur

mar every letter, and render it illegible. poşes are continually changing, and who is actuated

Verse 14. Heal meand I shall be healed] That is, only by motives of self-interest.

I shall be thoroughly healed, and effectually saved, if

thou undertake for me. Verse 10. I the Lord search the heart] The Lord is called by his apostles, Acts i. 24, Kagdoyuwosas, of salvation belongs to thee alone.

Thou art my praise.] The whole glory of the work the Knower of the heart. · To him alone can this epithet be applied ; and it is from him alone that we can is the accomplishment of his threatenings? Thou hast

Verse 15. Where is the word of the Lord?) Where derive that instruction by which we can in any measure said that the city and the temple should both be deknow ourselves. Verse 11. As the partridge) top kore. It is

stroyed. No such events have yet taken place. But

very likely that this was a bird different from our partridge. they did take place, and every tittle of the menace was The text Dr. Blayney translates thus :

strictly fulfilled.

Verse 16. I have not hastened from being a pastor] (As) the koré that hatcheth what it doth not lay,

Dr. Blayney translates thus : “ But I have not been in (So is) he who getteth riches, and not according to haste to outrun thy guidance.”. I was obliged to utter right.

thy prediction; but I have not hastened the evil day. “ The covetous man,” says Dahler, “who heaps up for the credit of my prophecy I have not desired the riches by unjust ways, is co

ared to

bird which calamity to come spe y; I have rather pleaded for hatches the eggs of other fowls. And as the young, respite. I have followed thy steps, and proclaimed thy when hatched, and able at all to shist for themselves, truth. I did not desire to be a prophet; but thou hast abandon her who is not their mother, and leave her no- commanded, and I obeyed. thing to compensate her trouble, so the covetous man Verse 17. Be not a terror unto me) Do not comloses those unjustly-gotten treasures, and the fruit of mand me to predict miseries, and abandon me to them his labour."

and to my enemies.

B. C. cir. 611.

eir annuin 6.

B. C. cir. 611.

The due observance of


the Sabbath enforced. A. M. cir. 3400.

in my.. hope

the day B C: cir. 604.

of might nor hear, nor receive A. M. cir. 3393. OI. XLIV. 1. evil.


Ol, cir. XLII. 2. Tarqninn Prisci R. Roman., .-18 Let them be confounded 24 And it shall come to pass,

Tarquinii Prisci, if

R. Roman., cir. annum 13. that persecute me, but 8 let not ye diligently hearken , unto me, me be confounded : let them be dismayed, saith the LORD, to bring in no burden through but let not me be dismayed: bring upon them the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but the day of evil, and bdestroy i them with hallow the sabbath day, to do no work therein ; double destruction.

:: 25. Then shall there enter into the gates

of A. M. cir. 3393. 19 Thus saith the Lord unto this city kings and princes sitting upon thč 01. cir. XL!!.? - me; Go and stand in the gate of throne of David, riding in chariots and on

R. Roman.,, the children of the people, where- horses, they, and their princes, the men of cir. annum 6. by the kings of Judah come in, Füdah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem : and and by the which they go out, and in all the this city shall remain for ever. gates of Jerusalem ;

26 And they shall come from the cities of 20. And say unto them, Hear ye the word Judah, and from P the places about Jerusalem, of the LORD, ye kings of Judah, and all and from the land of Benjamin, and from 9 the Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, plain, and from the mountains, and from the that enter in by these gates :

south, bringing burnt-offerings, and sacrifices, 21 Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to and meat-offerings, and incense, and bringing yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath 'sacrifices of praise, unto the house of the LORD. day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jernsalem; 27. But if ye will not hearken unto me to 22 Neither

carry forth a burden out of your hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any burden, even entering in at the gates of Jeruwork, but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I salem on the sabbath day ; then ' will I kindle m commanded your fathers.

a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour 23 But they obeyed not, neither inclined the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they quenched. Psa. XXXV. 4; xl. 14; 1xx. 2.-Psa. xxv. 2.-

Chap, vii. 24, 26 ; xi. 10.9 Chap. xxii. 4:-p Chap. xxxii. Chap, xị. 20.. Chap. xix. 44; xxxu. 13. — Zech. vii. 7. - Zech. vii. 7.-Psa. cvi. 3; xxii. 2.- Num. xv. 32, &c,; Neh, xui, 19.

Exod. xx.

22 ; cxvi. 17- Chap. xxi. 14 ; xlix. 27; Lam. iv. Il; Amos i. 8; xxii. 12; xxxi. 13; Ezek. xx. 12.

4, 7, 10, 12; ii. 2, 5.2 Kings xxv. 9; chap. lii. 13. Verse 18. Let them be confounded} They shall be dinances of religion, and all public worship, so it neconfounded. These words are to be understood as cessarily brought with it all immorality. This breach simple predictions, rather than prayers.

of the Sabbath was that which let in upon them all the Verse 19. The gate of ihe children of the peoplej i walers of God's wrath. suppose the most public gate, is meant; that through Verse 24. If ye diligently hearken unto me). So we which there was the greatest thoroughfare.

find that though their destruction was positively threatVerse 20. Ye kings of Judah, and all Judah] This ened, yet still there was an unexpressed proviso that, last clause is wanting in eight of Kennicott's and. De if they did return to the Lord, the calamities should Rossi's MSS., in the Arabic, and some copies of the be averted, and a succession of princes would have Septuagint.

been continued on the throne of David, ver. 25, 26. Verse 21. Take heed to yourselves and bear no Verse 27. But if ye will not hearken] Then their burden] From this and the following verses we find şin lay at their own, door. How. fully were they the ruin of the Jews attributed to the breach of the warned; and how basely did they reject the counsel of Sabbath ; as this led to a neglect of sacrifice, the or- God-against themselves!

- Heb.

break them with a double breach.


The type of the potter's vessel, and its signification, 1-10. The inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem ex

horted to repentance, 11; but on their refusal, (which is represented to be as unnatural as if a man should prefer the snowy Lebanon or barren rock to a fruitful plain, or other waters to the cool stream of the fountain,) their destruction is predicted, 12-17. In consequence of these plain reproofs and warnings of Jeremiah, a conspiracy is formed against him,-18. This leads him to appeal to God for his integrity, 19, 20; who puts a most dreadful curse in the mouth of his prophet, strongly indicative of the terrible fate' of his enemies, 21-23.

A. M. cir. 3396.
B. C. cir. 608.
Ol. XLIII. 1.

B. O. cir. 608.

cir. annuun 9.

Parable of the marred


vessel of the potter. THE word which came to | 5 Then the word of the LORD A. M. cir. 3396. Jeremiah from the LORD, came to me, saying,

OI. XLIII, 1. Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., saying,

Tarquinii Prisci,

6 O house of Israel, cannot I R. Roman., cir. annum 9.

2 Arise, and go down to the do with you as this potter ? saith potter's house, and there I will cause thee to the LORD. Behold, as the clay is

e in the hear my words.

potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, 0 house 3 Then I went down to the potter's house, of Israel. and, .behold, he wrought a work on the 7 At what instant I shall speak. concerning a wheels.

a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to 'pluck 4 And the vessel bthat he made of clay was up, and to pull down, and to destroy it; marred in the hand of the potter : so he made 8 $ If that nation, against whom I have proit again another vessel, as seemed good to the nounced, turn from their evil, hI will repent of potter to make it.

the evil that I thought to do' unto them.

* Or, frames or seals.- -b Or, that he made was marred, d Isa. xlv. 9; Wisd. xv. 7; Rom. ix. 20, clay in the hand of the potter. Heb. returned and Chap. i. 10.- Ezek. xviii, 21; xxxiii. 11. made.

Jonah-iii. 10.

Isa. lxi. 8.
Chap. xxvi. 3;

[ocr errors]

three years.


not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump Verse 1. The word which came to Jeremiah) This to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto disdiscourse is supposed to have been delivered some time honour ?" To this every sensible and pious man will in the reign of Jehoiakim, probably within the first answer, Undoubtedly he has. But would any potter

make an exceedingly fair and good vessel on purpose Verse 2. Go down to the potter's house] By this to dash it to pieces when he had done? Surely no! similitude God shows the absolute state of dependence And would, or could, the God of infinite perfection and on himself in which he has placed mankind. They love make, millions of immortal souls on purpose for are as clay in the hands of the potter; and in reference eternal perdition, as the horrible decree of reprobation to every thing here below, he can shape their destinies states ? No! This is a lie against all the attributes as he pleases.. Again ; though while under the pro- of God. But does not the text state that he can, out vidential care of God they may go morally astray, and of the same lump, the same mass of human nature, pervert themselves, yet they can be reclaimed by the make one vessel to honour, and another to dishonour ! almighty and all-wise Operator, and become such ves- Yes. But the text does not say, what the horrible sels as seemeth good for him to make. In considering decree says, that he makes one part, and indeed the this pårable we must take heed that in running, paral- greater, for eternal perdition. But what then is the lels we do not destroy the free agency of man, nor dis- meaning of the text ? Why evidently this: As out of grace the goodness and supremacy of God.

the same mass of clay a potter may make a flagon for Verse 3. He wrought a work on the wheels.] by the table and a certain utensil for the chamber, the D'JIN7 al haabnayim, upon the stones, the potter's. one for a more honourable, the other for a less honourwheel being usually made of such; the spindle of the able use, though both equally necessary to the owner; moving-stone being placed on a stone below, on which so God, out of the same flesh and blood, may make the it turned, and supported the stone above, on which the tiller of the field and the prophet of the Most High; vessel was manufactured, and which alone had a rota- the one in a more honourable, the other in a less tory motion. The potter's wheel in the present day honourable employ ; yet both equally necessary in the seems to differ very little from that which was in use world, and equally capable of bringing glory to God in between two and three thousand years ago.

their respective placęs. But if the vessel be marred Verse 4. The vessel- was marred in the hands of in his hand, under his providential and gracious dealthe potter). It did not stand in the working; it got outings, he may' reject it as he did the Jews; and make of shape ; or some gravel or small stone having been another vessel, such as he is pleased with, of the Genincorporated with the mass of clay, made a breach in tiles; yet even these marred vessels, the reprobate that part where it was found, so that the potter was Jews, are not finally rejected; for all Israel shall be obliged to knead up the clay afresh, place it on the saved in (through) the Lord, i. e., Jesus Christ. And wheel, and form it anew; and then it was such a ves should the Gentiles act as the Jews have done, then sel as seemed good ta the potter to make it.

they also shall be cut off, and God will call his Church Verse 6. Cannot I do with you as this potler ?] by another name. See on Rom. ix. 22, and below. Have I not a right to do with a people whom I have Verses 7–10. At what instant I shall speak concreated as reason and justice may require ? If they cerning a nation, &c.If that nation, against whom, do not answer my intentions, may I not reject and &e. And at what instant, &c.If it do evil, &c.] destroy them; and act as this potter, make a new vessel These verses contain what may be called God's decree out of that which at first did not succeed in his hands? by which the whole of his conduct towards man is · It is generally supposed that St. Paul has made a regulated. "If he purpose destruction against an offendvery different use of this similitude from that mentioned ing person, if that person repent and turn to God, he above. See Rom. ix. 20, &c. His words are, “ Hath / shall live and not die.

eir. annum 9.

Plots are laid for


the life of Jeremiah. A. M. cir. 3396.

9 And at what instant I shall 17 + I will scalfer them was with A. M. cir. 3396. B. C. cir. 608.

B. C. cir. 608. OL XLIII. I. speak concerning a nation, and an east wind before the enemy; OI. XLIII. 1. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci R. Roman., concerning a kingdom, to build I will show them the back, and

R. Roman., cir. annum 9. and to plant it;

not the face, in the day of their 10 If it do evil in my sight, that it obey not calamity. my voice, then I will repent of the good, 18 Then said they, " Come, and let us devise wherewith I said I would benefit them. devices against Jeremiah ; * for the law shall

11 Now therefore go to, speak to the men of not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come; saying, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I and let us smite him with the tongue, and frame evil against you, and devise a device let us not give heed to any of his words. against you: i return ye now, every one from 19 Give, heed to me, O LORD, and hearken his evil way, and make your ways and your to the voice of them that contend with me. doings good.

20 - Shall evil be recompensed for good ? for 12 And they said, “ There is no hope : but a they have digged a pit for my soul. Rewe will walk after our own devices, and we member that I stood before thee to speak good will every one do the imagination of his evil heart. for them, and to turn away thy wrath froin

13 Therefore thus saith the LORD; 'Ask ye them. now among the heathen, who hath heard such 21 Therefore deliver up their children to things : the virgin of Israel hath done a very the famine, and pour out their blood by the horrible thing.

force of the sword; and let their wives be 14 Will a man leave n the snow of Lebanon bereaved of their children, and be widows ; which cometh from the rock of the field ? or and let their men be put to death ; let their shall the cold flowing waters that come from young men be slain by the sword in battle. another place be forsaken?

22 Let a cry be heard from their houses, 15 Because my people hath forgotten o me, when thou shalt bring a troop suddenly upon they have burned incense to P vanity, and they them: for d they have digged a.pit to take have caused them to stumble in their ways me, and hid snares for my

feet. from the ? ancient paths, to walk in paths, in 23 Yet, Lord, thou knowest all their couna way not cast up;

sel against me to slay me: f forgive not their 16 To make their land desolate, and a per- iniquity, neither blot out their sin from thy petual " hissing; every one that passeth thereby sight, but let them be overthrown before thee; shall be astonished, and wag his head. deal thus with them in the time of thine anger:

2 Kings xxvii. 13; chap. vii. 3; xxv. 5; xxvi. 13 ; xxxv. 15. 81 Kings ix. 8; Lam. ii. 15; Mic. vi. 16. -Chap. xiii. 24. Chap. ii. 25. — Chap. ii. 10; I Cor. v. 1. um Chap. v. 30. u Psa. xlviii. 7. - See chap. ii. 27. -w Chap. xi, 19. - Lev. Or, my fields for a rock, or for the snow of Lebanon ? shall the run- x. 11; Mal. ii. 7;, John vii. 48, 49.- Or, for the tongue. ning ratets be forsaken for the strange cold waters? Chap. ii. z Psa. cix. 4, 5.- Psa. xxxv. 7; lvii. 6; ver. 22. - Psa. cix. 13, 32; wu. 21; xii. 25; xvii. 13. - Chap. x. 15; xvi. 19. 9, 10.- Heb. pour them out. --- Ver. 20. - Heb. for death. Chap. vi. 16.-I Chap. xix, 8; xlix. 13; 1. 13.

(Psa. xxxv. 4: cix. 14; chap. xi. 20; xv. 15. If he purpose peace and salvation to him that walk- Verse 17. I will scatter them as with an east wind) eth uprightly, if he turn from God to the world and sin, It is the property of this wind, almost every where, tơ he shall die and not live.

parch up, blast, and destroy grain and trees, and eveni Verse 12. There is no hope) See chap. ii. 25. cattle and men suffer from it. Hence the old metrical

Verse 13. The virgin of Israel] Instead of bore proverb :Yisrael, three of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS., " When the wind blows from the east, with the Alexandrian copy of the Septuagint, have 'Tis good for neither man nor beast." ountYerushalem, Jerusalem.

Verse 18. Come, and let us devise devices) Let us Verse 14. Will a man leave the snow of Lebanon) form a conspiracy against him, accuse him of being a Lebanon was the highest mountain in Judea. Would false prophet, and a contradicter of the words of God, any man in his senses abandon a farm that was al- for God has promised us protection, and he says we ways watered by the melted snows of Lebanon, and shall be destroyed, and that God will forsake his people. take a barren rock in its place? How stupid therefore Let us smite him with the tongue] On the tongue; and absurd are my people, who abandon the everlast- so it should be rendered. Lying and false testimony ing God for the worship of idols !

are punished in the eastern countries, to the present Verse 16. A perpetual hissings niporu sherikoth, a day, by smiting the person on the mouth with a strong shrieking, hissing; an expression of contempt. piece of leather like the sole of a shoe. Sometimes

[ocr errors]

Parable of the

earthen vessel. a bodkin is run through the tongue. Blasphemy, Verse 21. Therefore deliver up their children] The calumny, and cursing of parents, are usually punished execrations in these verses should be considered as simin that way among the Chinese.

ply prophetic declarations of the judgments which God Verse 20. They have digged a pit for my soul.] For was about to pour out on them. my life; this they wish to take away.

If we consider them in their grammatical meaning, Stood before thee to speak good for them] I was then they are not directions to us, to whom our Lawtheir continual intercessor.

giver has said, “ Love your enemies."


A. M. cir. 3397.

B. C. eir. 607.

B. C. cir. 607.

By the significant type of breaking a potter's vessel, Jeremiah is directed to predict the utter desolation

of Judah and Jerusalem, 1-15. The prophets taught frequently by symbolic actions as well as by words.

THUS saith the Lord, Go and 6 Therefore, behold; the days 4. M. cir. 3397 Ol. XLIII. 2. get a potter's earthen bottle, come, saith the LORD, that this Ol. XLIII.2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., and take of the ancients of the place shall no more be called

R. Roman., cir. annum 10.

cir. annum 10. people, and of the ancients of Tophet, nor i The valley of the priests;

the son of Hinnom, but The valley of 2 And go forth unto a the valley of the son slaughter. of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the 7 And I will make void the counsel of Jueast gate, and proclaim there the words that dah 'and Jerusalem in this place; and I will I shall tell thee,

cause them to fall by the sword before their 3 c And say, Hear ye the word of the LORD, enemies, and by the hands of them that seek O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jeru- their lives : and their carcasses will I give salem; Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for God of Israel ; Behold, I will bring evil upon the beasts of the earth. this place, the which whosoever heareth, his 8 And I will make this city m desolate, and ears shall d tingle.

a hissing: every one that passeth thereby 4 Because they have forsaken me, and have shall be astonished and hiss because of all estranged this place, and have burned incense the plagues thereof. in it unto other gods, whom neither they nor 9 And I will cause them to eat the n flesh of their fathers have known, nor the kings of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, Judah, and have filled this place with the and they shall eat every one the flesh of his blood of innocents;

friend in the siege and straitness, wherewith 5 They have built also the high places of their enemies, and they that seek their lives, Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt- shall straiten them. offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, 10 • Then shalt thou break the bottle in the nor spake it, neither came it into


mind : sight of the men that go with thee,

a Josh. xv. 8; 2 Kings xxiii. 10; chap. vii. 31.

—Heb. the bLev. xviii. 21.-i Josh. xv. 8. — Lev. xxvi. 17; Deut. sun gate.

Chap. xvii. 20. d1 Sam. ii. 11;. 2 Kings xxi. xxviii. 25. Psa. lxxix. 2; chap. vii. 33; xvi. 4; xxxiv. W. 12.- Deut. xxviii. 20; Isa. Ixv. Il; chap. ii. 13, 17, 19; xv. Chap. xviii. 16; xlix. 13; 1. 13. _n Lev. xxvi. 29; Deut. G; xvii. 13.-12 Kings xxi. 16; chap. ii. 34. Chap. vii. xxviii. 53 ; Isa. ix. 20 ; Lam. iv. 10. — So chap. li. 31, 32; xxxii. 35.

63, 64.


my temple to a widely different purpose from that for Verse 1. Go and get a potter's earthen bottle) This which it was erected. discourse was also delivered some time in the reign Verse 5. Offerings unto Baal] A general name of Jehoiakim.

Under the type of breaking a potter's for all the popular idols; Baal, Moloch, Ashtaearthen bottle or jug, Jeremiah shows his enemies that roth, &c. the word of the Lord should stand, that Jerusalem Verse 7. I will make void the counsel of Judah] should be taken and sacked, and they all carried into Probably this refers to some determination made to captivity.

proclaim themselves independent, and pay no more Ancients of the priests) The chiefs of the twenty- tribute to the Chaldeans. four classes which David had established, See 1 To be meat for the fowls] See on chap. vii. 33. Chron. xxiv. 4.

Verse 9. I will cause them to eat the flesh of their Verse 4. Estranged this place] Ye have devoted sons] This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was 306

( 20* )

« PreviousContinue »