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The obedient are blessed,


and the disobedient cursed

R. Roman., cir. annum 19.

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A M. cır. 3106.
B. C. cir. 598. THE word that came to Jere- tion of their evil heart : therefore 4. M. cir. 3406.
Ol. cir. XLV.3. miah from the LORD, saying, I will bring upon them all the Ol. cir. XLV.3.
Tamuinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 2 Hear ye the words of this words of this covenant, which I cir. annum 19.

covenant, and speak unto the commanded them to do; but they men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jeru- did them not. salem ;

9 And the LORD said unto me, 'A conspiracy 3 And

say thou unto them, Thus saith the is found among the men of Judah, and among LORD God of Israel ; a Cursed be the man the inhabitants of Jerusalem. that obeyeth not the words of this covenant, 10 They are turned back to m the iniquities

4 Which I commanded your fathers in the of their forefathers, which refused to hear my day that I brought them forth out of the land words; and they went after other gods to of Egypt, • from the iron furnace, saying, serve them : the house of Israel and the house

Obey my voice, and do them, according to of Judah have broken my covenant which I all which I command you : so shall ye be my made with their fathers. people, and I will be your God :

11 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, 5 That I may perform the oath which I. I will bring evil upon them, which they shall have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a not be able to escape; and though they shall land flowing with milk and honey, as it is cry unto me, I will not hearken unto them. this day. Then answered I, and said, So be 12 Then shall the cities of Judah and inhait, O LORD.

bitants of Jerusalem go, and P 6 Then the Lord said unto me, Proclaim gods unto whom they offer incense : but they all these words in the cities of Judah, and in shall not save them at all in the time of their the streets of Jerusalem, saying, Hear ye the 9 trouble. words of this covenant, fand do them.

13 For according to the number of thy 7 For I earnestly protested unto your fathers * cities were thy gods, 0 Judah; and accordin the day that I brought them up ont of the ing to the number of the streets of Jerusalem land of Egypt, even unto this day, 8 rising have .ye set up altars to that s shameful thing, early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice. even altars to burn incense unto Baal.

8 Yet they obeyed not, nor inclined their 14 Therefore ! pray not thou for this people, ear, but i walked every one in the * imagina- neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for a Deut. xxvii. 26; Gal. iii. 10.- -b Deut. iv. 20; 1 Kings viu. Ezek. xxii. 25; Hos. vi. 9.- -- Ezek. xx. 18. Heb. to

Lev. xxvi. 3, 12; chap. vii. 23.- d Deut. vii. 12, 13; go forth of. Psa. xvill. 41; Prov. i. 28; Isa. i. 15; chap. xiv. Psa. cv. 9, 10.-- Heb. Amen ; Deut. xxvii. 15–26. - Rom. 12; Ezek viii. 18; Mic. iii. 4; Zech. vii. 13. -p Deut. xxxii. 1. 13; James i. 22. % Chap. vii. 13, 25; xxxv. 15.- Ch Chap. 37, 38.

—Heb. evil. Chap. ii. 28.-~*

Heb. shame ; chap. vii. 26. Chap. iii. 17; vii. 24; ix. 14. - Or, stubborn. 11. 24; Hos. ix. 10. — - Exod. xxxii. 10; chap. vii. 16; xiv. II;

cry unto the

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1 John v. 16.


Verse 6. Proclaim all these words) Let the same Verse 1. The word that came to Jeremiah} This covenant, with the blessings and cursings, be read in discourse is supposed to have been delivered in the every city of Judah, and in all the streets of Jerusafirst year of the reign of Zedekiah. See Dahler. lem, that all the people may know their duty, their

Verse 2. Hear ye the words of this covenant} ít privileges, and their danger. is possible that the prophet caused the words of the Verse 9. A conspiracy is found] They were all covenant made with their fathers in the desert (Exod. fratres conjurali, sworn brothers, determined to cast xxiv. 4-8) to be read to them on this occasion; or, off the Divine yoke, and no longer to have God to at least, the blessings and the cursings which Moses reign over them. caused to be pronounced to the people as soon as they Verse 10. They are turned back to the iniquities had set foot in Canaan, Deut. xxvii., xxviii.

of their forefathers) A great reformation had taken Verse 3. Cursed be the man that obeyeth not] After place under the reign of Josiah, and the public worship the reading, the prophet appears to sum up the things of idols had been abolished, and most of the high places contained in what was read to them; as if he had said, destroyed; but under the reign of his son and his suc“ Ye hear what the Lord saith unto you: remember, cessors, they had turned back again to idolatry, and the sum of it is this : The man is cursed who obeyeth were become worse than ever. It required a captivity not; and he is blessed who obeys. From these de- to cure them of this propensity; and God sent one: clarations God will not depart."

after that, there was no idolatry among the Jews. Verse 5. So be it, O Lord] Let thy promises be Verse 12. Go, and cry unto the gods] See chap. fulfilled; and let the incorrigible beware of thy threat- ii. 28. enings!

Verse 14. Therefore pray not thou for this people]

R. Roman.,

cir. annum 19.

Judgments threatened against


the men of Anathoth. A M. cir. 3406. I will not hear them in the time brought to the slaughter; and ARM cir. 3406 Ol. cir. XLV. 3. that they cry unto me for their I knew not that d they had de- 01. cir. XLV. 3. Tarquinii Prisci, u trouble.

vised devices against me, saying, R. Roman., cir. annum 19.

15 » What w hath my beloved Let us destroy the tree with the to do in mine house, seeing she hath wrought fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from lewdness with many, and the holy flesh is the land of the living, that his name may be passed from thee? 2 when thou doest evil, no more remembered. then thou a rejoicest.

20 But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest right16 The LORD called thy name, 6 A green eously, that he triest the reins and the heart, let olive tree, fair, and of goodly fruit: with the me see thy vengeance on them : for unto thee noise- of a great tumult- he hath kindled fire have I revealed my cause. upon it, and the branches of it are broken. -- 21 Therefore thus saith the Lord of the

17 For the LORD of hosts, that planted men of Anathoth, i that seek thy life, saying, thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for Prophesy not in the name of the LORD, that the evil of the house of Israel and of the house thou die not by our hand : of Judah, which they have done against them- 22 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, -selves to provoke me to anger in offering Behold, I will " punish them : the young men incense unto Baal.

shall die by the sword; their sons and their 18 And the Lord hath given me knowledge daughters shall die by famine: of it, and I know it: then thou showedst me 23 And there shall be no remnant of them : their doings.

for I will bring evil upon the men of Anathoth, 19 But I was like a lamb or an ox that is

m the

of their visitation.


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u Heb, evil.- Psa. 1. 16; Isa. i. 11, &c.- -w Heb. What Psa. lxxxii. 4. - Psa. xxvii. 13; cxvi. 9; cxlii. to my beloved in


house? -- Ezek. xvi. 25, &c. -» Hag. Sam. xvi. 7; 1 Chron. xxviii. 9; Psa. vii. 9; chap. xvii. 10; ii. 12, 13, 14; Titus i. 15. - Or, when thy evil is.-- Prov. ii. xx. 12; Rev. ii. 23. Chap. xii. 5, 6.- - Isa. xxx. 10; Amos 14 - Psa. lii. 8; Rom. xi. 17. -c Isa. v. 2; chap. ii. 21. ii. 12; vii: 13, 16; Mic. i. 6. Heb. visit upon.- Chap. Chap. xviii. 18. Heb. the slalk with his bread.

xxiii. 12; xlvi. 21; xlvii. 44; 1. 27; Luke xix. 44.

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I am determined to give them up into the hands of given him a secret warning, that he might be on his their enemies; I will neither hear thy intercession, nor guard. regard their prayers. Their measure is full.

Verse 19. I was like a lamb or an or) Dahler Verse 15. What hath my beloved to do in mine translates, “I was like a fattened lamb that is led to house] This has been supposed to refer to Abraham, the slaughter." Blayney, “ I was like a tame lamb Moses, or such eminent servants of God, whose inter- that is led to slaughter." The word 7158 alluph, which cession was very powerful. Were even they to appear we translate ox, is taken by both as an adjective, qualias intercessors, their prayer should not be regarded. fying the noun vad kebes, a lamb. It may probably Others think that this is an endearing expression, which signify a lamb brought up in the house-fed at home, properly belonged to the Israelites. When God took (715x alluph,) instructed or nourished at home; perthem into covenant with himself, they were espoused fectly innocent and unsuspecting, while leading to the to him, and therefore his beloved; but now that they slaughter. This meaning the word will bear in Arabic, have forsaken him, and joined themselves to another, for will alaf signifies accustomed, familiar, (to or with what have they to do with his house or its ordinances, any person or thing ;) a companion, a comrade, an inwhich they wish now to frequent with vows and sacri- timale friend. I therefore think that 7:58. U kefices, when they see the evil fast coming upon them ? chebes alluph signifies, like the familiar lamb—the lamb This is probably the sense of this very obscure pas- bred up in the house, in a state of friendship with the sage. Dr. Blayney translates, “What hath my be- family. The people of Anathoth were Jeremiah's loved to do in my house whilst she practiseth wicked- townsmen ; he was born and bred among them; they ness ? Shall vows and holy flesh (sacrifices) be allowed were his familiar friends ; and now they lay wait for to come from thee? When thou art malignant, shalt his life! All the Versions understood 915 alluph as thou rejoice ?"

an epithet of wad kebes, a chosen, simple, innocent lamb. Verse 16. The Lord called thy name, A green olive Let us destroy the tree with the fruit) Let us slay the tree] That is, he made thee like a green olive—fair, prophet, and his prophecies will come to an end. The fourishing, and fruitful; but thou art degenerated, and Targum has, Let us put mortal poison in his food; and God hath given the Chaldeans permission to burn all the Versions understand it something in the same way.

Verse 20. Let me see thy vengeance on them) Verse 18. The Lord hath given me knowledge of it] Rather, I shall see (1787 ereh) thy punishment inflicted The men of Anathoth had conspired against his life, on them. because he reproved them for their sins, and denounced Verse 22. Behold, I will punish them] And the the judgments of God. against them. Of this God bad punishment is, Their young men shall die by the sword

thee up:

The prophet reasons with


God concerning his state. of the Chaldeans; and their sons and daughters-shall Verse 23. The year of their visitation.]. This pundie by the famine that shall come on the land through ishment shall-come in that year in which I shall visit the desolations occasioned by the Chaldean army. their iniquities upon them.


CHAPTER XII. This chapter is connected with the foregoing. The prophet expostulates with God concerning the ways of

Providence in permitting the wicked to prosper, 1-4. It is intimated to him that he must endure still greater trials, 5, from his false and deceitful brethren, 6; but that still heavier judgments awaited the nation for their crimes, 7–13. That God, however, would at length have compassion on them; restore them to their land ; and turn his judgments against those that oppressed them, if not prevented by their be

coming.converts to the true religion, 14-17. A. B. C. cit. 398. RIGHTEOUS à art thou, o

HTEOUS à art thou, 0j4 How long shall the land 4. M. cir. 3406. Ol. cir. XLV. 3. LORD, when I plead with mourn, and the herbs of every ol. cir. XLV. 3. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., thee : yet b let me talk with thee field wither, ? for the wicked- R. Roman., cirannum 19. of thy judgments: Wherefore ness of them that dwell therein ? cir. annum 19. doth the way of the wicked prosper? where-n the beasts are consumed, and the birds ; before are all they happy that deal very treach- cause they said, He shall not see our last end. erously?

5 If thou hast run with the footmen, and 2 Thou hast planted them, yea, they have they have wearied thee, then how canst thou taken root : d they grow, yea, they bring forth contend with horses? and if in the land of fruit : thou art near in their mouth, and far peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied from their reins.

thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling 3 But thou, O LORD, f knowest me: thou of Jordan? hast seen me, and s tried mine heart 5 toward 6 For even thy brethren, and the house thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaugh- of thy father, even they have dealt treachers ter, and prepare them for i the day of slaughter. ously with thee; yea, P'they have called a

a Psa. li. 4. -b Or, let me reason the case with thee.- - Job h Heb. with thee. James v. 5. Chap. xxiii. 10; Hos, iv. 3. tü. 6 ; xxi. 7; Psa. xxxvii. 1, 35 ; lxxiii. 3, &c.; chap. v. 28; Hab. 'Psa. cvii. 31. - Chap. iv. 25; yii. 20; ix. 10; Hos. iv. 3. i. 4; Mal. ii. 15. d Heb. they go on.--ce Isa. xxix. 13; Matt. Josh. iii. 15; 1 Chron. xii. 15; chap. xlix. 19; 1. 44.- Chap w.8; Mark vii. 6.- - Psa. xvii. 3; cxxxix. 1.- Chap. xi. 20. ix. 4; xi. 19, 21. p Or, they cried after thee fully. NOTES ON CHAP. XII.

more powerful ? Footmen may here be the symbol of Verse 1. Righteous art thou, O Lord, when I plead common evil events ; horsemen, of evils much more terwith thee] The prophet was grieved at the prosperity rible. If thou have sunk under small difficulties, what of the wicked ; and he wonders how, consistently with wilt thou do when great ones come ? God's righteousness, vice should often be in afluence, And if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst] and piety in suffering and poverty. · He knows that I believe the meaning is this, “ If in a country now God is righteous, that every thing is done well ; but he enjoying peace thou scarcely. thinkest thyself in safety, wishes to inquire how these apparently unequal and un- what wilt thou do in the swellings of Jordan? in the deserved lots take place. On this subject he wishes time when the enemy, like an overflowing torrent, shall to reason with God, that he may receive instruction. deluge every part of the land ??!

Verse 2. Thou art near in their mouth] They have The overflowing of Jordan, which generally hapno sincerity: they have something of the form of re- pened in harvest, drove the lions and other beasts of ligion, but nothing of its power.

prey from their coverts among the bushes that lined its Verse 3. But thou, O Lord, knowest me) I know banks ; who, spreading themselves through the country, that the very secrets of my heart are known to thee; made terrible havoc, slaying men, and carrying off the and I am glad of it, for thou knowest that my heart is cattle. towards thee is upright and sincere.

Perhaps by foolmen may be meant the Philistines, Verse 4. How long shall the land mourn] These Edomites, &c., whose armies were composed princihypocrites and open sinners are a curse to the coun- pally of infantry; and by the horses, the Chaldeans, try; pull them out, Lord; that the land may be deli- who had abundance of cavalry and chariots in their vered of that which is the cause of its desolation. army. But still the words are proverbial, and the above

Verse 5. If thou hast run with the footmen] If the is their meaning. smallest evils to which thou art exposed cause thee to Verse 6. For even thy brethren, and the house of make so many bitter complaints, how wilt thou feel thy father] Thou hast none to depend on but God: when, in the course of thy prophetic ministry, thou even thy brethren will betray thee when they have it shalt be exposed to much greater, from enemies much in their power.

cir. annum 19.

The wickedness of the


priests and false prophets. A. M. cir. 3406. multitude after thee : B.C. cir. 598.

4 believe land is made desolate, because 4. M. cit. 3406. Ol. cir. XLV.3. them not, though they speak dno man layeth it to heart. OL. cir. XLV. 3.

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,' fair words unto thee.

12 The spoilers are come upon R. Roman., 7. I have forsaken mine house, all high places through the wilder- cir. annum 19. I have left mine heritage ; I have given the ness : for the sword of the Lord shall devour dearly beloved of my soul into the hand of her from the one end of the land even to the other enemies.

end of the land: no flesh shall have peace. 8 Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the 13 • They have sown wheat, but shall reap forest; it crieth "out against me : therefore thorns.: they have put themselves to pain, have I hated it. ...

but shall not profit : and they shall be 9 Mine heritage is unto me as a speckled ashamed of your revenues because of the bird, the birds round about are against her; fierce anger of the LORD. come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field,

14 Thus saith the Lord against An M. cir: 3492. w come 'to devour. :

all mine evil neighbours, that 01. XLIV. 2.

Tarquini Prisci, 10 Many pastors have destroyed my s touch the inheritance which I

R. Rornan., vineyard, they have a trodden my portion under have caused my people Israel to

cir. annum 14. foot, they have made my pleasant portion a, inherit; Behold, I will h pluck them out of their desolate wilderness.

land, and pluck out the house of Judah from 11 They have made it desolate, and being among them. desolate cit mourneth unto me; the whole 15. i-And it shall come to pass, after that I

9 Prov. xxvi. 25. - Heb. good things.- Heb. the love. * Isa. lxiii. 18.—b Heb. portion of desire: 2c Ver. 4. & Isa. Or, yelleth. u Heb. giveth out his voice.- * Or, having talons. xlii. 25.- - Lev. xxvi. 16; Deut. xxviii. 38; Mic. vi. 15; Hag. w Or, cause them to come. -x Isa. lvi. 9; chap, vii:33. -$Chap. i. 6.

Zech. ū. 8. Deut. xxx. 3; chap. xxxii. vi. 3.- Isa: v. 1, 5.

37. Ezek. xxviii. 25.


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Or, ye.

Believe them not] Do not, trust to them; do not Verse 10. Many pastors have destroyed my vinecommit thyself to them; they are in-heart thy enemies, yard] My people have had many kinds of enemies and will betray thee.

which have fed ụpon their richest pastures; the PhiVerse 7. I have forsaken mine house] I have aban- listines, the Moabites, Ammonites, Assyrians, Egyp doned my temple.

tians, and now the Chaldeans. I have given the dearly beloved of my soul] The Verse 11. No man layeth it to heart.} Notwithpeople once in covenant with me, and inexpressibly standing all these desolations, from which the land dear to me while faithful.

eyery where mourns, and which are so plainly the conInto the hand of her enemies.). This was a condi- sequences of the people's crimes, no man layeth it to tion in the covenant I made with them; if they forsook heart, or considereth that these are God's judgments; me, they were to be abandoned to their enemies, and and that the only way to have them removed is to recast out of the good land I gave to their fathers. pent of their sins, and turn to God with all their hearts. Verse 8. Mine heritage is unto me as a lion] The

Verse 12. The sword of the Lord shall devour] It people are enraged against' me; they roar like a fu is the sword of the Lord that has devoured, and will rious lion against their God. They have proceeded to devour: this is what no man layeth to heart. They the most open acts of the most flagrant iniquity. think these things come in the course of events.

Verse 9. Is unto me as a speckled bird] A bird of Verse 13. They have sown wheat, but shall reap divers colours. This is a people who have corrupted thorns) All their projects shall fail : none of their the worship of the true God with heathenish rites and enterprises shall succeed. They are enemies to God, ceremonies; therefore, the different nations, (see ver. and therefore cannot have his blessing. 10,) whose gods and forms of worship they have adopt- Verse 14. Against all mine evil neighbours) AII ed, shall come and spoil thein. As far as you have the neighbouring nations who have united in desolating followed the surrounding nations in their worship, so Judea shall be desolated in their turn they also are far shall they prevail over your state. Every one shall wicked, and they shall be punished. If I make them take that which is his own; and wherever he finds his executors of mý justice, it is to them no proof of my own gods, he will consider the land consecrated to them, approbation. God often uses one wicked nation to and take it as his property, because those very gods are scourge another; and afterwards scourges the scourger the objects of his worship. The fable of the daw and by some other scourge. In some places a felon who borrowed plumes is no mean illustration of this passage. was condemned to be hanged is made the common Dahler translates the whole verse thus :

hangman for the county; he himself being still under

the sentence of death,
Birds of prey! inundate with blood my heritage.
Birds of prey! come against her from all sides. Till soon some trusty brother of the trade
Run together in crowds, ye savage beasts!

Shall do for him what he has done for others.
Come to the carnage !

Verse 15. I will return, and have compassion on

( 19* )

B. C. oir

B. C. . 603
OI. XLIV. 2.

The prophet's vision


of the linen girdle. A M. cir

. 3191. have plucked them out I will re- swear by my name, The LORD A M. cir. 3494 01. XLIV. 2. turn, and have compassion on liveth ; (as they taught my people Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinji Prisci, them, k and will bring them again, to swear by Baal;) then shall they R Roman.,

every man to his heritage, and be in built in the midst of my people. cir. annum 14: every man to his land.

17 But if they will not 'n obey, I will utterly - 16 And it shall come to pass, if they will pluck up and destroy that nation, saith the diligently learn the ways of my people, "to LORD.

R. Roman., cir, annum 14.

& Amos ix. 14.—Chap. iv. 2.

Eph. ii. 20, 21; 1 Pet. ii. 5.

Isa. lx. 12.

them! This is a promise of restoration from the cap them did not obey, and are destroyed. Of the Moabtivity, and an intimation also that some of their ene- ites, Ammonites, and Chaldeans, not one, vestige remies would turn to the true God with them; learn the mains. The sixteenth verse is supposed to be a proways of his people; that is, would abjure idols, and mise of the conversion of the Gentiles. See Eph. Ü. take Jehovah for their God; and be built in the midst 13-22. of his people, that is, Jew and Gentile forming one From the thirteenth verse to the end is a different Church of the Most High.

discourse, and Dahler supposes it to have been delivered Verse 17. I will--destroy that nation] . Several of in the seventh or eighth year of the reign of Jehoiakim.


This chapter, contains an entire prophecy. The symbol of the linen girdle, left to rot for a considerable times

was a type of the manner in which the glory of the Jews should be marred during the course of their long captivity, 1-11. The scene of hiding the girdle being laid near the Euphrates, intimated that the scene of the nation's distress should be Chaldea, which that river waters. The next three verses, by another emblem frequently used to represent the judgments of God, are designed to show that the calamities threatened should be extended to every rank and denomination, 12-14. This leads the prophet to a most affec-' tionate exhortation to repentance, 15–17. But God, knowing that this happy consequence would not ensue, sends him with an awful message to the royal family particularly, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem in general, declaring the approaching judgments in plain terms, 18–27. The ardent desire for the reformation of Jerusalem, with which the chapter, concludes, beautifully displays the compassion and tender

mercy of God. A. M. cir. 3405. B. C. cir . 390. THUS saith the Lord unto me,

4 Take the girdle that thou A. M. cir. 3405. Ol. cir. XLV.2. Go and get thee aa linen hast got, which is upon thy loins, ol. cir. XLV. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,' girdle, and put

girdle, and put it upon thy loins, and arise, go to Euphrates, and R. Roman., cir. annum 18. and put it not in water.

hide it there in a hole of the rock. cir. annum 18. 2 So I got a girdle according to the word 5 So I went and hid it by Euphrates, as the of the Lord, and put it on my bloins.

LORD commanded me. 3 And the word of the LORD came unto 6 And it came to pass after many days, that me the second time, saying,

the LORD said unto me, Arise, go to Euphrates,

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a vision, or God simply describes the thing in order Verse 1. Thus saith the Lord unto me) This dis- that the prophet might use it in the way of illustracourse is supposed to have been delivered under the tion. reign of Jeconiah, the son and successor of Jehoiakim, Put it not in water.] After having worn it, let it who came to the throne in the eighteenth year of his not be washed, that it may more properly represent age; when the Chaldean generals had encamped hear the uncleanness of the Israelites; for they were repreto Jerusalem, but did not besiege it in form till Nebu- sented by the girdle ; for “as the girdle cleaveth to chadnezzar came up with the great body of the army. the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave unto In these ciroumstances the prophet predicts the capti- me the whole house of Israel, and the whole house of vity; and, by a symbolicăl representation of a rotten Judah.” And as a girdle is as well for ornament as girdle, shows the people their totally corrupt state ; use ; God took them for a name, and for a praise, and and by another of botlles filled with wine, shows the for a glory, ver. 11. destruction and madness of their counsels, and the con- Verse 4. Go to Euphrates, and hide it there] Infusion that must ensue.

tending to point out, by this distant place, the country Go and get thee a linen girdle] | This was either | into which they were to be carried away captive.

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