Page images


R. Roman., cir. annum 7.

cir. annum 7.

-n Eccles. ix. II. 2 Cor. x. 17.

Judgments against the


uncircumcised nations, A.M. cir. 3394. they may come; and send for and is entered into our palaces, AB.C. cor. K10. Ol. cir. XLII. 3. cunning women, that they may to cut off lihe children from with- 01. cir. XLII. 3 Tarquini Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, out, and the young men from the R. Roman., 18 And let them make haste, streets. and take up a wailing for us, that i our eyes 22 Speak, Thus saith the LORD, . Even the may run down with tears, and our eyelids gush carcasses of men shall fall mas dung upon the out with waters.

open field, and as the handful after the har19 For a voice of wailing is heard out of vestman, and none shall gather them. Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly 23 Thus saith the Lord, * Let not the wise confounded, because we have forsaken the man glory in his wisdom, neither let. the land, because our dwellings have čast us out. mighty man glory in his might, let not the

20. Yet hear the word of the Lord, O ye rich man glory in his riches : women; and let your ear receive the word of 24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, his mouth, and teach your daughters wailing, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I and every one her neighbour lamentation. am the LORD which exercise loving-kindness, 21 For death is come up into our windows, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: i Chap. xiv. 17.- Lev. xvii. 28; xx. 22. – Chap.

m Chap. viii. 2; xvi. 4.

Lol Cor. i. 31; vi. 11. of wo, but they endeavoured to join others as partners

For we have forsaken the land ; in their sorrows. This gave rise to the custom of Because they have destroyed our dwellings." hiring persons to weep at funerals, which the Phrygians

Verse 20. Teach your daughters] This is not and Greeks borrowed from the Hebrews. Women were a common dirge that shall last only. till the body generally employed on these occasions, because the ten- is consigned to the earth ; it must last longer; der passions being predominant in this sex, they suc- teach it to your children, that it may be continued ceeded better in their parts; and there were never through every generation, till God turn again your wanting persons who would let out their services to

captivity. hire on such occasions. Their lamentations were sung Verse 21. For death is come up into our windows] to the pipe as we learn from Matt. ix. 23. See the fune- Here death is personified, and represented as scaling ral ceremonies practised at the burial of Hector, as de their wall; and after having slain the playful childrin scribed by Homer :-

without, and the vigorous youth employed in the labours Οι δ' επει εισαγαγον κλυσα δωματα, τον μεν επειτα of the field, he is now come into the private houses, to Τρητοις εν λεχεεσσι θεσαν, παρά δ' είσαν αοιδους, destroy the aged and infirm ; and into the palaces, to Θρηνων εξαρχους, οι τε στονοεσσαν αοιδην

destroy the king and the princes. Οι μεν αρ' εθρηνεον, επι δε στεναχoντo γυναικες.

Verse 22. And as the handful after the harvestman) Il. lib. xxiv., ver. 719. The reapers, after having cut enough to fill their hand, “Arrived within the royal house, they stretched

threw it down; and the binders, following after, collected The breathless Hector on a sumptuous bed,

those handfuls, and bound them in sheaves. Death is

represented as having cut down the inhabitants of the And singers placed beside him, who should chant The strain funereal ; they with many a groan

land, as the reapers do the corn; but so general was the

slaughter, that there was none to bury the dead, to The dirge began ; and still at every close The female train with many a groan replied.

gather up these handfuls; so that they lay in a state

of putrescence, as dung upon the open field. Cowper.

Verse 23. Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom) St. Jerome tells us that even to his time this custom Because God is the Fountain of all good, neither wiscontinued in Judea; that women at funerals, with

dom, nor might, nor riches, nor prosperity can come dishevelled hair and naked breasts, endeavoured in a but from or through him. Nothing can be more rational modulated voice to invite others to lament with them. than that the Source of all our blessings should be The poem before us, from the seventeenth to the twenty- acknowledged. Riches cannot deliver in the day of second verse, is both an illustration and confirmation death ; strength cannot avail against him; and as a of what has been delivered on this subject, and worthy shield against him, our wisdom is foolishness. of the reader's frequent perusal, on account of its af

Verse 24. But let him that glorieth) To glory in fecting pathos, moral sentiments, and fine images, par- a thing is to depend on it as the means or cause of ticularly in the twenty-first verse, where death is described in as animated a prosopopæia as can be conceived. but in being experimentally acquainted with that God

procuring happiness. But there can be no happiness See Lowth's twenty-second Prelection, and Dodd. The who exercises loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousnineteenth verse is supposed to be the funeral song


ness in the earth. He who has God's mercy for his the women.

portion may well exult; for he need not fear the power “How are we spoiled !

of any adversary. We are greatly confounded!

Sometimes the ancient heathen poets uttered 'sen

cir. annum 7.

The practice of


idolatry ridiculed. A M. cir. 3394. Pfor in these things I delight, children of Ammon, and Moab, Az Mc CiT 3394. Ol. cir. XLII. 3. saith the LORD.

and all that are in the uut- Ol. cir. XLII. 3. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prişci, R Roman., 25 Behold, the days come, most corners, that dwell in the R. Roman,, cir. annum 7.

saith the Lord, that I will wilderness : .for all these napunish all them which are circumcised with tions are uncircumcised, and all the house the uncircumcised;

of Israel are uncircumcised in

the 26 Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, s and the heart. P Mic. vi. 8; vi 18. Rom. ii. 8, 9. —Heb. visit upon. of their hair polled. Chap. xxv. 23 ; xlix. 32.—Lev. xxvi. • Judith xiv. 10. - Heb. cut off into cornets, or having the corners 41; Ezek. xliv. 7; Rom. ü. 28, 29. timents of morality far beyond their dispensation. these nations were uncircumcised in that way which Witness Phocylides on this subject :

God required that rite to be practised as a sign of his

covenant; and the Israelites, that did practise it as a Μη γαυρου σοφιη, μητ' αλχη, μης' ενι πλουτω: Εις Θεος εστι σοφος, δυνατος 9' άμα, και πολυολβος. | sign of that covenant, did not attend to its spiritual mean,

ing, for they were all uncircumcised in heart. And it * If wisdom, strength, or riches be thy lot,

may be remarked, that these people were in general Boast not; but rather think thou hast them not.

confederated against the Chaldeans. One God alone from whom those gifts proceed Verse 26. All that are in the utmost corners] So Is wise, is mighty, and is rich indeed.

1785 '3:13p col ketsutsey pheah. These words have Verse 25. I will punish all them which are circum- been variously understood. The Vulgate translates ; cised with the uncircumcised] Do not imagine that Omnes qui attonsi sunt in comam; All who have you, because of your crimes, are the only objects of my their hair cut short.” The Targum, Septuagint, Sydispleasure ; the circumcised and the uncircumcised, riac, and Arabic have understood it nearly in the same the Jew and the Gentile, shall equally feel the stroke way; and so our margin. Others think that the inof my justice, their transgressions being alike, after sular or peninsular situation of the people is referred their advantages and disadvantages are duly compared. to. Dr. Blayney thinks the Arabians are meant, who In like manner, other nations also were delivered into dwelt in the great desert, between Mesopotamia and the hands of Nebuchadnezzar; these he immediately Palestine. I really think our marginal reading should enumerates ; Egypt and Edom, and the Moabites and be preferred, as expressing the sense of all the ancient the Ammonites, and the Arabians of the desert. All Versions.



cir. annum 10.

The Jews, about to be carried into captivity, are here warned against the superstition and idolatry of that

country to which they were going. Chaldea was greatly addicted to astrology, and therefore the prophet begins with warning them against it, 1, 2.' He then exposes the absurdity of idolatry in short but elegant salire; in the midst of which he turns, in a beautiful apostrophe, to the one true God, whose adorable altributes repeatedly strike in view, as he goes along, and lead him to contrast his infinite perfections with those despicable inanities which the blinded nations fear, 3-16. The prophet again denounces the Divine judgments, 17, 18; upon which Jerusalem laments her fate, and supplicates the Divine compassion in her favour, 19–25.

A. M. cir. 3397. B. X. cir6997. HEAR ye the word which the mayed at the signs of heaven ;

B. C. cir. 607. OI. XLII. 2. Lord speaketh unto you, 0 for the heathen are dismayed at 01. XLIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R Roman., house of Israel : them.

R. Roman.,

cir, annum 10. 2 Thus saith the LORD, a Learn 3 For the customs of the pconot the way of the heathen, and be not dis- ple are vain: for cone cuiteth a tree out of a Lev, xvii. 3 ; xx. 23.- b Heb. statutes, or ordinances, are vanity.- Isa. xl. 19, 20 ; xliv. 9, 10, &c. ; xlv. 20. NOTES ON CHAP. X.

the land of Israel, who still had the customs of the forVerse 1. Hear ye the word which the Lord speaketh mer heathen settlers before their eyes. unto you] Dr. Dahler supposes this discourse to have Be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the been delivered in the fourth year of the reign of Je- heathen are dismayed] The Chaldeans and Egyptians hoiakim. It contains an invective against idolatry; were notoriously addicted to astrology; and the Isshowing its absurdity, and that the Creator alone raelites here are cautioned against it. The signs of should be worshipped by all mankind.

the heavens may mean either the sun, moon, planets, Verse 2. Learn not the way of the heathen] These and particular stars or constellations ; or the figures or words are more particularly addressed to the ten tribes characters by which they represented these heavenly scattered among the heathen by the Assyrians, who car- bodies. ried them away captive; they may also regard those in Verse 3. The customs of the people are vain] nipo

B. C. cir. 607.

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o Dan. x. 5.

-2 Psa.

The message to the


Chaldean idolaters. A. M. cir . 3397. the forest, the work of the hands 8 But they are m altogether A M. cit. 3397.

B. C. cir. 607. 01. XLIII.2. of the workman, with the axe. n brutish and foolish: the stock Ol. XLII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinu Prisci, R. Roman., 4 They deck it with silver and is a doctrine of vanities.

R, Roman..

cir, annum 10. cir, annum 10. with gold; they d fasten it with 9 Silver spread into plates is nails and with hammers, that it move.not. brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz,

5 They are upright as the palm tree,, bụt the work of the workman, and of the hands of speak not: they must needs be f borne, be- the founder: Pblue and purple is their clothcause they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; ing: they are all 4 the work of cunning men. for 6 they cannot do evil, neither also is it in 10 But the Lord is the "true God, he is them to do good.

* the living God, and an everlasting King: 6 Forasmuch as there is none h like unto at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the na thee, O LORD; thou art great, and thy name tions shall not be able to abide his indignation. is great in might.

11 Thus shall ye say unto them, The 7. Who would not fear thee, O King of gods that have not made the heavens and the nations ? for kto thee doth it appertain: foras- earth, even they shall perish from ihe earth, much as


all the wise men of the na- and from under these heavens. tions, and in all their kingdoms, there is none 12 He y hath made the earth by his power, like unto thee.

he hath 2 established the world by his wisdom, d Isa. xli. 7; xlvi. 7. Psa. cxv. 5; cxxxv: 16; Hab. ii. 19;

-p Bar. vi. 12, 72. - Psa. cxv, 4.-Heb. 1 Cor. xii. 2. - Psa. cxv. 7; Isa. xlvi. 1, 7. *Isa. xli. 23. God of inuh ; Psa. xxxi. 5.- -s 1 Tim. vi. 17.--Heb.

Exod. xv. 11; Psa. lxxxvi. 8, 10. Rev. xv. 4. -* Or, it king of eternity. · Psa. x. 16. -- In the Chaldean language. liketh thee. Psa. lxxxix. 6.- - Heb. in one, or at once. w See Psa. xcvi. 5.- Ver. 15; Isa. ii. 18; Zech. xii. 2. n Psa. cxv.8; Isa. xli. 29; Hab. ii. 18; Zech. x. 2; Rom. i. y Gen. 1. 1, 6, 9; Psa. cxxxvi. 5, 6; chap. li. 15, &c. 21, 22.

xcui. I. chukkoth ; the statutes and principles of the science he gives life to all. He is the very Fountain whence are vain, empty, and illusory. They are founded in all life is derived. nonsense, ignorance, idolatry, and folly.

And an everlasting king] As he has made, so he One cutteth a tree out of the forest] See the notes governs, all things. His sway is felt both in the on Isa. xl. 19, and xliv. 9, &c., which are all parallel heavens and in the earth. places and where this conduct is strongly ridiculed. At his wrath the earth shall tremble)

All storms, Verse 5. They are upright as the palm tree) As tempests, tornadoes, and earthquakes are the effects straight and as stiff as the trees out of which they are of his power; and when the nations are destroyed, or hewn.

turned upside down, it is the effect of his displeasure. Verse 7. Who would not fear thee] Who would Verse 11.' Thus shall ye say unto them] This not worship thee as the Author and Giver of all good? is the message you shall deliver to the Chaldean

The fear of God is often taken for the whole of true idolaters. religion.

The gods that have not made the heavens and the Among all the wise men of the nations] Not even earth, even they shall perish] Both they and their worthe wisest and most cultivated of the nations have ever shippers shall be destroyed; and idolatry shall finally found out any one equal to thee; but so exalted and be destroyed from the earth; and the heavens shall holy art thou, that in all their wisdom and research look no more on so great an abomination. It is sufthey have never been able to find out the true God. fered for a while : but in the end shall be destroyed.

Verse 8. The stock is a doctrine of vanities.) Dr. This verse is written in a sort of Hebræo-SyriacoBlayney translates,-—“The wood itself is a rebuker Chaldee ; such a dialect as I suppose was spoken at of vanities." The very tree out of which the god is that time in Babylon, or during the captivity. As it hewn demonstrates the vanity and folly of the idolaters; is a message to the Babylonians, therefore, it is given for, can all the art of man maké out of a log of wood in their own language. The Chaldee makes it the an animate and intelligent being ?

beginning of the copy of the epistle which the Prophet Verse-9. Brought from Tarshish] Some suppose Jeremiah sent to the rest of the elders of the captivity this to be Tartessus in Spain, from which the Phæ- who were in Babylon. All the ancient Versions acnicians brought much silver. Uphaz, Calmet thinks knowledge this verse; and it is found in all MSS. to be the river Pison ; some think Ophir is intended. hitherto collated, except one of Dr. Kennicott's num

Blue and purple is their clothing] These were the bered 526; and he has included it between lines, as most precious dyes; very rare, and of high price. doubting its authenticity. Dr. Blayney supposes that

Verse 10. But the Lord] The original word some public teacher during the captivity, deducing it should be preserved, however we agree to pronounce by direct inference from the prophet's words, bad it it: 771 Yehovah is the true God. He is without inserted in the margin, and perhaps usually read tobeginning, and without end. This is true of no gether with this section, in the assemblies of the peobcing else.

ple, in order that they might have their answer always He is the living God] His being is underived ; and ready, whenever they were molested on the point of

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B. C. cir. 607.

The folly

of idolatry. A. M. cir. 3397, and a hath stretched out the heaB. C. cir. 607.

15 They are vanity, and the A. M. cir. 3397. OL. XLIII. 2. vens by his discretion.

work of errors: in the time of OL. XLIII.2. Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,

Tarquinii Prisci, 13 When he uttereth his their visitation they shall perish. R. Roman., eir annum 10. voice, there is a c multitude of .16 m The Portion of Jacob is

cir. annum 10. waters in the heavens, and d he causcth the not like them: for he is the former of all vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; things; and Israel is the rod of his inherithe maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth ance : • The Lord of hosts is his name. forth the wind out of his treasures.

17 p Gather up thy' wares out A. M. cir

. 3404. 14 Every man 8 is h brutish in his know- of the land, () 4 inhabitant of the Ol. cir. XLV. 1.

Tarquinii Prisci, ledge : i every founder is confounded by the fortress.

R. Roman., graven image: for his molten image is false- 18 For thus saith the LORD,

cir. annum 17. hood, and there is no breath in them. Behold, I will sling out the inhabitants of

· Job ix. 8; Psa. civ. 2; Isa. xl. 22.- Job xxxvii. 34. Psa. xvi. 5; lxxiii. 26; cxix. 57; chap. li. 19; Lam. IX. 24. Or, naise. - Psa. cxxxv. 7.- Or, for rain.

Chap. li. n Deut. xxxii. 9; Psa. Ixxiv. 2. Lo Isa. xlvii. 4; li. 15; liv. 5; * Or, is more brutish than to know.- - Prov. xxx. 2. chap. xxxi. 35; xxxii. 18; 1. 34. -P See chap. vi. 1; Ezek. xii. Isa. xlii. 17; xliv. Il; xlv. 16. Hab. i. 18.Ver. 11. 3, &c. - Heb. inhabitress.

:-1 Sam. xxv. 29; chap. xvi. 18.

17, 18.


כזאת האמרו להם האלהים אשר לאעשו השמים והארץ camoth tomer יאבדו מן הארץ ומן תחת השמים אלה

religion, or importuned to join the idolatrous worship This verse and the three following are the same in of the Chaldeans.

substance, and nearly in words, as chap. li. 16, and Dahler has left it entirely out of the text, and in- following. troduces it in a note thus :"After ver. 10 the He- Verse 14. Every man is brutish] 3 nibar, is a brew text is interrupted by a verse written in the boor, acts as a brute, who may suppose that a stock Chaldean or Babylonish tongue. It is thus expressed :- of a tree, formed like a man, may be an intellectual

being; and therefore shuns the form as though it had Ye shall say unto them, Let the gods perish!

life. See Isa. xliv.. 10, 11. Of which verses, by Who have not made the heavens and the earth.

the way, Dr. Blayney gives the following version to Let them be banished from above the earth, and

correct that of Bishop Louth : from under the heavens. This verse can be considered only as a foreign inser Verse 10. Who hath formed a god ? tion, not only on account of the difference of the lan

Or set up a graven image that profiteth not? guage, but also because it interrupts the natural course

11. Behold, all that are connected with it shall

be ashamed, of the ideas, and of the connexion of the tenth and twelfth verses."

And the artificers, they above all men! :: As a curiosity I shall insert it in Hebrew, which the

They shall assemble all of them; they shall

stand forth; reader may compare with the Chaldee text, which I also subjoin.

They shall fear; they shall be ashamed at

the same time.

" tomeru “ That is, while they stand before the image they lahem; haelohim asher lo asu hashshamayim vehaarets, have set up, and worship it with a religious dread, the yobedu min haarets, umin tachath hashshamayim elleh. glaring absurdity of their conduct shall lead to their

:05* nuov'nino 771 nynx9 17343 kidna temerun le- learned man, I think this interpretation too refined. hon; elahaiya di shemaiya vearka la abadu, yebadu Verse 16. The Portion of Jacob is noị like them) meara umin lechoth shemaiya elleh.

Every nation had its tutelary god; this was its porThe Hebrew is the translation of Leusden ; the tion; in reference to this God says Deut. iv. 19 : Chaldee is that of the common text. Had not all the “ He has divided the sun, moon, and stars, to all the ancient Versions acknowledged it, I also, principally nations under the heaven.” And the Lord had taken on account of the strangeness of the language, as being the Israelites to be his portion; for “the Lord's porneither Chaldee nor Syriac, should have doubted its tion is his people,” Deut. xxxii. 9, and David says, authenticity.

“ The Lord is the portion of mine inheritance," Psa. Verse 13. When he ultereth his voice, there is a xvi. 5; cxix: 57. And hence Isaiah terms the smooth multitude of waters) This is a plain allusion to a stones of the brook, to which Divine honours were storm of thunder and lightning, and the abundance paid, the portion of those idolaters, chap. Ivii. 6. But of rain which is the consequence. Water is composed in the text he says, “ The Portion, i. e, the God of Jaof two gases, hydrogen and oxygen : the electric or cob is not like them ; for he is the former of all things," galvanic spark decomposes them, and they become air; and they are formed by their foolish worshippers. when recomposed, they form water. The lightning Verse 17. Gather up thy wares] Pack up your acts upon the hydrogen and oxygen, which are found goods, or what necessaries of life your enemies will in the atmospheric air: they are decomposed, and permit you to carry away; for, jwater or rain is the consequence; which, being heavier Verse 18. I will sling out the inhabitants of the than the air falls down in the form of rain.

land] I will project you with violence from your

B. C. cir. 600.

C. cir. 600.

R. Roman.,

cir. annum 17.

Prayerless families


shall be punished. A. M. cir. 3404. the land at this once, and will 22 Behold, the noise of the bruit A. M. eir. 3404. Ol. cir. XLV. 1. distress them, s that they may is come, and a great commotion 01. cir. XLV. 1. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., find it so.

out of the * north country, to 19 • Wo is me for my hurt! make the cities of Judah deso- cir. annum 17. my wound is grievous : but I said, a Truly late, and a den of dragons. this is a grief, and I must bear it.

23 O LORD, I know that the 2 way of man My tabernacle is spoiled, and all my is not in himself: it is not in man that walkcords are broken: my children are gone forth eth to direct his steps. of me, and they are not: there is none to 24 O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; stretch forth my tent any more, and to set up not in thine anger, lest thou bring me to nothing. my curtains.

25 « Pour out thy fury upon the heathen 21 For the pastors are become brutish, and á that know thee not, and upon the families that have not sought the LORD: therefore they call not on thy name : for they have eaten up shall not prosper, and all their flocks shall be Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, scattered,

and have made his habitation desolate.

20 W

& Ezek. vi. 10. + Chap. iv. 19; viii. 21; ix. 1.-u Psa. a Psa. vi. 1 ; xxxviii. l; chap. xxx. 11. Heb. diminish me. lxxvii. 10.- Mic. vii. 9. Chap. iv. 20.- - Chap. i. 15; c Psa. Lxxix. 6. _d Job xvii. 21; 1 Thess. iv. 5; 2 Thess. i. 8. iv. 6; v. 15; vi. 22.--- Chap. ix, 11.- - Prov. xvi. 1; xx. 24. Chap. viii. 16. country. I will send you all into captivity. This dis- Verse 24. Correct me, but with judgment] Let not course, from ver. 17, is supposed to have been de- the punishment be to the uttermost of the demerit of liverod in the eleventh year of Jehoiakim.

the offence; else we shall be brought to nothing-toVerse 19. This is a grief, and I must bear it.] Op- tally and irrecoverably ruined. pressive' as it is, I have deserved it, and worse ; but Verse 25. Pour out thy fury upon the heathen) even in this judgment God remembers mercy. Even those who are now the executors of thy justice

Verse 20. My tabernacle is spoiled] The city is upon us will, in their turn, feel its scourge; for if taken, and all our villages ruined and desolated. judgment begins at us, who have been called thy house

Verse 21. The pastors are become brutish] The king and thy people, shall they who have not acknowledged and his counsellors, who, by refusing to pay the promised thee escape ? . It is impossible. The families and tribute to Nebuchadnezzar, had kindled a new war. tribes which invoke thee not shall have thy fury poured

Verse 22. The noise of the bruit is come) How out upon them, and especially they who " have eaten this silly French word bruit, which signifies noise, got up Jacob and consumed him, and have made his habiin here, I cannot imagine. The simple translation is tation desolate.” This was fulfilled in the Chaldeans. this : “ The voice of the report! behold, it is come; Nebuchadnezzar was punished with madness, his son yea, great commotion from the land of the north ; was slain in his revels, and the city was taken and (Chaldea ;) to make the cities of Judea a desolation, sacked by Cyrus; and the Babylonish empire was finally a habitation of wild beasts.” . That is, the report we destroyed! This verse has been often quoted against had heard of the projected invasion of Judea by Nebu- those ungodly families who set not up the worship of chadnezzar is confirmed. He has entered the land ; God in their houses. These are spiritual Chaldeans, the Chaldeans are at the doors, and the total desola- worse indeed than the Chaldeans ever were : they action of Judea is their sołe object:

knowledge God and his Christ; and yet neither worVerse 23. O Lord, I know that the way of man is ship nor serve him. How can that family expect the not in himself ] I will not pretend to dispute with blessing of God, where the worship of God is not thee; thou dost every thing wisely and justly; we daily performed ? No wonder their servants are have sinned, and thou hast a right to punish; and to wicked, their children profligate, and their goods choose that sort of punishment thou thinkest will best cursed! What an awful reckoning shall such heads answer the ends of justice. We cannot choose ; thou of families have with the Judge in the great day, who hast appointed us to captivity; we must not re- have refused to petition for that mercy which they pine : yet,

might have had for the asking.

CHAPTER XI. The prophet proclaims the tenor of God's covenant with the Jews of old, 1–5; and then reproves them for

their hereditary disobedience, 6–19. In consequence of this the Almighty is introduced, declaring he will show them no pity, 11-13; forbidding Jeremiah to intercede, 14; rejecting their sacrifices, 15 ; and in a word, condemning this fair but unfruitful tree to the fire, 16, 17.. In what remains of the chapter the

Let us," prophet predicts evil to his neighbours of Analhoth, who had conspired against him, 18-23. said they, destroy this tree, with the fruit thereof,&c., alluding to what Jeremiah had said in the site teenth verse.

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