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Divine protection


promised to Jeremiah. A. M. 3375. 15 For, lo, I will call all the arise, and speak unto them all

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B. C. 629. 01. XXXVII. 4. families of the kingdoms of the that I command thee : be not 01. XXXVII

. 4. Anci Martii,

Anci Martii, R. Roman., north, saith the Lord; and they dismayed at their faces, lest I

R. Roman., shall come, and they shall - set confound thee before them. every one his throne at the entering of the 18 For, behold, I have made thee this day gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brazen thereof round about, and against all the cities walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah.

of Judah, against the princes thereof, against 16 And I will utter my judgments against the priests thereof, and against the people of them touching all their wickedness, who have the land. forsaken me, and have burned incense unto 19 And they shall fight against thee; but other gods, and worshipped the works of their they shall not prevail against thee; d for I own hands.

am with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver 17 Thou therefore * gird up thy loins, and thee. Chap. v. 15: vi. 22; x. 22; xxv. 9. Chap. xxxix. 3;

1 Pet. i. 18. Exod. iii. 12; ver. 8; Ezek. ji: 6. Or, xliii. 10. — Deut. xxviii. 20; chap. xvii

: 13.7.1 Kings break to pieces. mi. 46; 2 Kings iv. 29; ix. l; Job ixxvii. 3; Luke xii: 35;

[sa. I. 7;' chap. vi. 27; xv. 20.-Ver. 8. be opened." The door shall be thrown abroad, that suffer thee to be confounded. So Dahler, "Ne crains these calamities may pass out freely.

pas que je te confonde a leurs yeux, “Do not fear Verse 15. Shall-set every one his throne at the en- that I shall confound thee before them." It is well tering of the gates) As the gates of the cities were known that the phrase, gird up thy reins, is 'a metathe ordinary places where justice was administered, phor taken from the long robes of the Asiatics; which, so the enemies of Jerusalem are here represented as on going a journey, or performing their ordinary work, conquering the whole land, assuming the reins of go- they were obliged to truss up under their girdles, that vernment, and laying the whole country under their the motions of the body might not be impeded. own laws ; so that the Jews should no longer possess Verse 18. I have made thee this day a defenced any political power : they should be wholly subjugated city, and an iron pillar, and brazen walls] Though by their enemies.

thou shalt be exposed to persecutions and various inVerse 16. I will utter my judgments) God de- dignities, they shall not prevail against thee. To their nounced his judgments: the conquest of their cities, attacks thou shalt be as an impregnable city; as une and the destruction of the realm, were the facts to shaken as an iron pillar; and as imperishable as a which these judgments referred; and these facts prove wall of brass. None, therefore, can have less cause that the threatening was fulfilled.

to apprehend danger than thou hast: The issue proved Worshipped the works of their own hands.] Idola- the truth of this promise : he outlived all their insults; try was the source of all their wickedness, and was and saw Jerusalem destroyed, and his enemies, and the cause of their desolations. For vyn's lemaasey, the enemies of his Lord, carried into captivity. Inthe roorks, more than a hundred MSS. of Kennicott's stead of nian chomath, walls, many MSS. and editions and De Rossi's, with many editions, have noyn's le-read: non chomath, a wall, which corresponds with manseh, the work. Idolatry was their ONE great WORK, the singular nouns preceding. the business of their life, their trade.

Verse 19. They shall not prevail against thee) Verse 17. Gird up thy loins] Take courage and Because I am determined to defend and support thee be ready, lest I confound thee; take courage and be against all thy enemies. One of the ancients has said, resolute, io pen, lest by their opposition thou be terri- sou dɛMouros, xdi me Pirros ahen Ewe Thestius, fied and confounded. God is often represented as apud Theophil. ad Autolyc. lib. ii. “God protecting doing or causing to be done, what he only permits or thee, though thou wert at sea upon a twig, thou suffers to be done. Or, do not fear them, I will not shouldst be safe.”


God erpresses his continued regard for his people, long since chosen, 1-3. He then expostulates with them

on their ungrateful and worse than heathen return to his regard, 4-11; at which even the inanimate creation must be aslonished, 12, 13. - After this their guilt is declared to be the sole cause of the calamities which their enemies had power to inflict on them, 14-17. They are upbraided for their alliances with idolatrous countries, 18, 19; and for their strong propensity to idolatry, notwithstanding all the care and lender mercy of God, 20–29. Even the chastenings of the Almighty have produced in this people no repentance, 30. The chapter concludes with compassionately remonstrating against their folly and ingratitude in revolting so deeply from God, and with warning them of the fearful consequences, 31-37.



Li Isa.

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The Lord's controversy

with his people. A. M. 3375.

A.-M. 3375, MOREOVER the word of the that i brought us up out of the B. C. 629.

B. C. 629. Ol. XXXVII. 4. Lord came to me, saying, land of Egypt, that led us through 01. XXXVII. 4 Anci Martii,

Anci Martii, R. Roman.,

2 Go and cry in the ears of the wilderness, through a land R. Roman.,

Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the of deserts and of pits, through a LORD; I remember a thee, the kindness of thy land of drought, and of the shadow of death, b youth, the love of thine espousals, c when through a land that no man passed through, thou wentest after 'me in the wilderness, in a and where no-man dwelt? land that was not sown.

7 And I brought you into 'a m plentiful coun3 a Israel was holiness unto the Lord, and try, to eat the fruit thereof and the goodness e the first-fruits of his increase : fall that de- thereof; but when ye entered, ye defiled my vour bim shall offend; evil' shall come upon land, and made mine heritage an abomination. them, saith the LORD.

8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? 4 Hear ye the word of the LORD, O house and they that handle the ° law knew me not : of Jacob, and all the families of the house of the pastors also transgressed against me, Pand Israel :

the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked 5. Thus - saith the LORD, & What iniquity after things that not profit. have your fathers found in me, that they are 9 Wherefore I will yet plead with yon, saith gone far from me, hand have walked after the Lord, and with your children's children vanity, and are become vain?

will I plead. 6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD 10 For pass over the isles of Chiitim, and a Or, for thy sake. — Ezek xvi. 8, 32, 60; xxiii. 3, 8, 19; m Num. xii. 27; xiv. 7, 8; Deut. viii. 7, 8, 9.- Ler. Hos. ii. 15. <c Deut. ii. 7. Exod. xix, 5, 6. - James xvii. 25, 27, 28; Num. xxxy. 33, 34; Psa. lxxvii. 58, 59; i. 18; Rev. xiv. 4. Chap. xi. 14 ; see chap. I. 7.- * Isa. cvi, 38; chap. iii. 1; xvi. 18. Lo Mal. ji. 6, 7; Rom. ii. 20. v. 4; Mic. vi. 3.2 Kings xvii. 15; Jonah ji. 8.

p Chap. xxiii. 13.- Ver. ll; Hab. ii. 18.- Ezek. xx. 35, lxii. 9, 11, 13; Hos. xiii. 4.- * Deut. viii, 15; xxxii. 10. 36; Mic. vi. 2. Exod. xx. 5; Lev. XX. 5. Or, 10r, the land of Carmel. NOTES ON CHAP. II.

just, oppressive in my laws ? Any thing unkind or Verse 2. I remember thee) The youth here refers tyrannical in my government ? Why then have they to their infant political state when they came out of become idolaters ? Egypt; they just then began to be a people. Their Verse 6. Through the wilderness) Egypt was the espousals refer to their receiving the law at Mount house of their bondage : the desert through which they Sinai, which they solemnly accepted, Exod. xxiv. 6-8, passed after they came out of Egypt, was a place and which acceptance was compared to a betrothing where the means of life were not to be found; where or espousal. Previously to this, they were no people, no one family could subsist, much less a company of for they had no constitution nor form of government. 600,000 men.' God mentions these things to show When they received the law, and an establishment in that it was by the bounty of an especial providence the Promised Land, then they became a people and a that they were fed and preserved alive. Previously nation.

to this, it was a land through which no man passed, Wentest after me] Receivedst my law, and wert and in which no man dwelt. And why? because it obedient to it; confiding thyself wholly. to my guid- did not produce the means of life; it was the shadow ance, and being conscientiously 'attached to my wor- of death in its appearance, and the grave to those who ship. The kindness was that which God showed committed themselves to it. them by taking them to be his people, 'not their kind- Verse 7. And I brought you into a plentiful counness to him.

try] The land of Canaan. Verse 3. Israel was holiness unto the Lord] Fully My land] The particular property of God, which consecrated to his service.

he gave to them as an inheritance, they being his peThe first fruits of his increase) They were as culiar people. wholly the Lord's, as the first fruits were the property Verse 8. They that handle the law) vani vethopheof the priests according to the law, Num. xviii. 13. shey, they that draw out the law; they whose office it These the priests alone had a right to devote to their is to explain it, draw out its spiritual meanings, and

show to what its testimonies refer. All that devour him shall offend} As they were be- The pastors also] Kings, political and .civil rulers. trothed to the Lord, they were considered his especial Prophesied by Baal] Became his prophets, and property; they therefore who injured them were con- were inspired with the words of lying spirits. sidered as laying violent hands on the property of God. Verse 9. I will yet plead with you] 'W arib, I will They who persecute. God's children have a grievous maintain my process, vindicate my own conduct, and burden to bear, an awful account to give.

prove the wickedness of yours. Verse 5. What iniquity have your fathers found in Verse 10. The isles of Chittim] This is the island me] Have they ever discovered any thing cruel, un- 1 of Cyprus, according to Josephus. In 1 Maccabees, 258


own use,




The Lord's controversy


with his people. A. M. 3375. see; and send unto Kedar, and 16 Also the children of Noph

A. M. 3376. B. C. 629.

B. C. 629. 01. XXXVII. 4. consider diligently, and see if and · Tahapanes, "have broken 01, XXXVII. 4.

Anci Martii, R. Roman, there be such a thing: the crown of thy head.

R. Roman., 11 Hath a nation changed 17 Hast thou not procured this their gods, which are yet no gods ? w but my unto thyself, in that thou hast forsaken the people have changed their glory for that which LORD thy God, when .h he led thee by the doth not profit.

12 y. Be astonished, Oye heavens, at this, and '18 And now what hast thou to do i in the be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? the LORD.

or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria 13 For my people have committed two evils; to drink the waters of the river ? they have forsaken me the 2 Fountain of living 19 Thine own' wickedness shall correct waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee : cisterns that can hold no water.

know therefore and see that it is an evil thing 14 Is Israel a a. servant ? is he a home-born and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD slave? why is he spoiled ?

thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, 15 • The young lions roared upon him, and saith the Lord God of hosts. - yelled, and they made his land waste : his 20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, cities are burned without inhabitant.

and burst thy bands; and a thou saidst, I will Mic. iv. 5. _* Psa. cxv. 4; Isa. xxxvii. 19; chap. xvi. 20; d Heb. gave out their voice.-- Chap. xliii. 7, 8, 9. — ror, Psa. cri. 20; Rom. i. 23. — Ver. 8. — Isa. i. 2; chap. vi. feed on thy crown ; Deut. xxxiii. 20 ; Isa. viii. 8.

Chap. iv. 19.- Psa. xxxvi. 9; chap. xvii. 13; xviii. 14; John iv. 14. 18.—Deut. xxxii. 10.-- Isa. xxx. 1, 2.- Josh. xii. 3. • See Exod. ix. 22.-Heb. become a spoil? Isa. i. 7; Isa. iii. 9; Hos. v. 5. m Exod. xix. 8; Josh. xxiv. 18; Judg. chap. iv. 7.

x. 16; 1 Sam. xi. 10. chap. vii. 5, it is taken for Macedonia. Besides this, Verse 15. The young lions roared upon him] The how they (the Romans) had discomfited in battle Philip Assyrians, who have sacked and destroyed the kingand Perseus, king of the Chittims. Chittime was the dom of Israel, with a fierceness like that of pouncing grandson of Japhet ; and Bochart has made it appear upon their prey. that the countries inhabited by the Chittim were Italy Verse 16. The children of Noph and Tahapanes) and the adjacent provinces of Europe, lying along the Noph and Tahapanes were two cities of Egypt, othercoast of the Mediterranean Sea; and probably this is wise called Memphis and Daphni. It is well known, the prophet's meaning.

that the good king was defeated by the Egyptians, Send unto Kedar) The name of an Arabian tribe. and slain in battle. Thus was the crown of Judah's See if nations either near or 'remote, cultivated or head broken. stupid, have acted with such fickleness and ingratitude Verse 18. What hast thou to do in the way of Egypt] as you have done! They have retained their gods to Why dost thou make alliances with Egypt? whom they had no obligation; ye have abandoned To drink the waters of Sihor ?] This means the your God, to whom ye owe your life, breath, and all Nile. See on Isa. xxiii. 3. things!

The way of Assyria] Why make alliances with the Verse 12. Be astonished, 0-ye heavens] Or, the Assyrians ? All such connexions will only expedite heavens are astonished. The original will admit either thy ruin.

The conduct of this people was so altogether To drink the waters of the river ?] The Euphrates, bad, that among all the iniquities of mankind, neither as 773 nahar or 77707 hannahar always means Euheaven nor earth had witnessed any thing so exces- phrates, the country between the Tigris and Euphrates, sively sinful and profligate.

is termed to this day Maher alnahar, Verse 13. Two evils) First, they forsook God; the beyond the river," i. e., Mesopotamia. Fountain of life, light, prosperity, and happiness. Instead of cleaving to the Lord, they joined affinity Secondly, they hewed out broken cisterns; they join- and made alliances with those two nations, who were ed themselves to idols, from whom they could receive ever jealous of them, and sought their ruin. Egypt neither temporal nor spiritual good! Their conduct was to them a broken reed instead of a staff; Assywas the excess of folly and blindness. What we call ria was a leaky cistern, from which they could derive here broken cisterns, means more properly such ves- no help. sels as were ill made, not staunch, ill put together, so Verse 20. Of old time I have broken thy yoke] It that the water leaked through them.

is thought by able critics tha the verbs should be read Verse 14. Is Israel a servant ?] Is he a slave pur- in the second person singular, thou hast broken thy chased with money, or a servant born in the family? yoke, thou hast burst, thy bonds; and thus the SepHe is a son himself. If so, then, why is he spoiled ? tuagint, OUVET Solas tou Guyov pou, “ thou hast broken Not because God has not shown' him love and kind- thy yoke.” And the Vulgate, Confregisti jugum meum, ness; but because he forsook God, turned to and is rupisti vincula mea; “ Thou hast broken my yoke ; joined with idols.

thou 'hast burst my bonds ;" and so the Arabic.



* the country

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God's mercy to Israel,


and their ingratitude. not," transgress, when o


24 * A y wild ass ? used to the 01. XXXVII

. 4. every high hill and under every wilderness, that snuffeth up the 01. XXXVII. 4. Anci Martii,

Anci Martii, green

tree thou wanderest, wind at a her pleasure ; in her R. Roman., P playing the harlot.

occasion who can, turn her 21 Yet I had a planted thee a noble vine, away? all they that seek her will not weary wholly a right seed : how then art thou turned themselves ; in her

her month they shall into the degenerate plant of a strange vine find her. unto me?

25 Withhold thy foot from being unshod, and 22 For though thou Swash thee with nitre, thy throat from thirst: but thou saidst, and take thee much soap, yet t thine iniquity There is no hope ; no; for I have loved is marked before me, saith the Lord God. • strangers, and after them will I go.

23 How canst thou say, I am not polluted, 26 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, I have not gone after Baalim ? see thy way so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their in the valley, know what thou hast done : kings, their princes, and their priests, and w thou art a swift dromedary traversing her ways; their prophets,

» Or, serve. __o Deut. xii. 2; Isa. lvii. 5, 7; chap. u. 6. u Prov. xxx. 12. — Chap. vii. 31.- Or, ( swift dromeda. p Exod. xxxiv. 15, 16. - Exod. xv. 17; Psa. xliv. 2; 1xxx. 8; ry. - Job xxxix. 5, &c.; chap. xiv. 6.-y Or, O wild ass, &c. Isa. v. 1, &c.; Ix. 21; Matt xxi. 33; Mark xii. 1; Luke xx. 9. 2 Heb. laught.- Heb. the desire of her heart.- Or, reverse * Deut. xxxii. 32; Isa. i. 21 ; v. 4.- *Job ix. 30. - Deut. i. Chap. xviii. 12.—d Or, is the case desperate ?- Deut. xxxi]; 34; Job xiv. 17; Hos. xii. 12.

xxxii. 16; chap. iii. 13.

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the Chaldee gives it a meaning which removes the ney translates, “ A fleet dromedary that hath taken to difficulty : “I have broken the yoke of the people company with her." from thy neck; I have cut your bonds asunder.” Dr. Dahler rather paraphrases, thus And when this was done, they did promise fair ; for Semblable a une dromedaire en chaleur, “thov saidst, I will not transgress ;" but still they

Qui court d'une cote a l'autre. played the harlot-committed idolatrous acts in the high places, where the heathen had built their altars,

“ Like to a dromedary in her desire for the male, pretending that elevation of this kind assisted their

Which runs hither and thither." devotion.

This is an energetic comparison; and shows the Verse 21. I had planted thee a noble vine) I gave unbridled attachment of those bad people to idolatry, thee the fullest instruction, the purest ordinances, the and the abominable practices by which it was 'usually highest privileges; and reason would that I should accompanied. expect thee to live suitably to such advantages ; but Verse 24. A wild ass used to the wilderness) Aninstead of this thou art become degenerate; the tree other comparison to express the same thing. is deteriorated, and the fruit is bad. Instead of be- Snuffeth up the wind). In a high fever from the ining true worshippers, and of a holy life and conversa- ward heat felt at such times, these animals open their tion, ye are become idolaters of the most corrupt and mouths and nostrils as wide as possible, to take in profligate kind. See Isa. v.1, &c., where the same large draughts of fresh air, in order to cool them. image is used.

In her month they shall find her.) The meaning is, Verse 22. For though thou wash thee with nitre) that although such animals are exceedingly fierce and It should be rendered natar or natron, a substance to- dangerous when they are in this state ; yet, as soon tally different from our nitre. It comes from the root as they have found the male, the desire is satisfied, hnathar, to dissolve, loosen, because a solution of and they become quiet and governable as before. But it in water is abstersive, taking out spots; &c., from it was not so with this idolatrous people : their desires clothes. It is still used in the east for the purpose of were ever fierce and furious ; they were never satiated, washing. If vinegar be poured on it, Dr. Shaw says, one indulgence always leading to another. The brute a strong effervescence is the immediate consequence, beasts had only a short season in which this appetite which illustrates Prov. xxv. 20: “ The singing of prevailed; but they acted without restraint or limit. songs to a heavy heart is like vinegar - upon natron;" Verse 25. Withhold thy foot from being unshod) that is, there is no affinity between them ; opposition When it was said to them, “ Cease from discovering and strife are occasioned by any attempt to unite thy feet; prostitute thyself no more to thy idols.” them.

And thy throat from thirst] Drink no more of Thine iniquity is marked before me] No washing their libations, nor use those potions which tend only will take out thy spots; the marks of thy idolatry and to increase thy appetite for pollution. Thou didst say, corruption are too deeply rooted to be extracted by | There is no hope : it is useless to advise me thus; I any human means.

am determined ; I have loved these strange gods, and Verse 23. See thy way in the valley) The valley to them will I cleave. of Hinnom, where they offered their own children to Verse 36. As the thief is ashamed] As the pilferer Moloch, an idol of the Ammonites.

is confounded when he is caught in the fact; so shalt A swift dromedary traversing her ways] Dr. Blay- thou, thy kings, princes, priests, and prophets, be con

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Anci Martii,
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The gross absurdity


of their idolatry, 27 Saying to a stock, Thou art| 32 Can a maid forget her ornaB. C. 629. 01. XXXVII

. 4. my father; and to a stone, Thou ments, or a bride her attire ? yet 01. XXXVII. 4. R. Roman.,

hast brought me forth : for they my people w have forgotten me

have twned 8 their back unto me, days without number. and not their face: but in the time of their 33. Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? btrouble they will say, Arise, and save us. therefore hast thou also taught the wicked

28. But i where are thy gods that thou hast ones thy ways. made thee? let them arise, if they can save

03 34 Also in thy skirts is foạnd the blood of thee in the time of thy.' trouble: for maccord- the souls of the poor innocents : I have not ing to the number of thy cities are thy gods, found it by secret search, but upon all these. . O Judah.

35 Yet thou sayest, Because I am innocent, 29 - Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all surely his anger shall turn from me. Behold, have transgressed against me, saith the LORD. I will plead with thee, ? because thou sayest,

30 In vain have lo smitten your children ; they I have not sinned. received no correction : your own sword hath 36 * Why gaddest thou about so much to o devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion. change thy way?' bthou also shalt be ashamed

31 O generation, see ye the word of the of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria. LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? 37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, and d thine hands upon thine head: for the ? We s are lords ;- 'we will come no more LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou unto thee?

shalt not prosper in them.

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Or, begolion me. - Heb. the hinder part of the neck. Heb. We have dominion. Psa. xii. 4. - Deut. xxxii. Judg. 1. 10; Psa. lxxvii. 34 ; Isa. xxvi. 16.- - Deut. xxxii.

15.- -u Psa. cvi. 21; chap. xii. 25; Hos. viii. 14. - Psa. 37; Judg, x,'14. - Isa. xlv. 20. Heb. evil.- Chap. xi. cvi 38; chap, xix, 4.2 -w Heb. digging: - Ver. 23, 29.

Ver. 23, 35.- Isa. i. 5; ix. 13; chap. v. 3.—-P2 y Ver. 9.- -z Prov. xxviii, 13; 1 John i. 8, 10.a Ver. 18; Chron. xxxvi, 16; Neh. ix. 26 ; Matt. xxiii. 29, &c; Acts vii. chap, xxxi 22; Hos. v. 13; xii. l. -b Isa. xxx. 3; chap. xxxvii. 52; 1 Thess. ii. 15.- Ver. 5.

7 _€ 2 Chron. xxỳiii. 16, 20, 21. 0 2 Sam. xvi. 19.


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founded, when God shall arrest thee in thy idolatries, females have to their dress and ornaments. They and deliver thee into the hands of thine enemies. never forget them; and even when arrived at old age,

Verse 27. Thou art my father] By thee we have look with pleasure on the dress and ornaments which been produced, and by thee we are sustained. This they have worn in their youth. was the property of the true God; for he is the Author Days without number.] That is, for many years; and Supporter of being. How deeply fallen and bru- during the whole reign of 'Manasses, which was fiftytishly ignorant must they be when they could attribute five years, the land was deluged with idolatry, from this to the stock of a tree !

which the reform by good King Josiah his grandson Verse 28. According to the number of thy cities had not yet purified it. are thy gods] Among heathen nations every city had Verse 33. Why Irimmest thou thy way] Ye have its tutelary deity. Judah, far sunk in idolatry, had used a multitude of artifices to gain alliances with the adopted this custom. The Church of Rome has re- neighbouring idolatrous nations. fined it a little : every city has its tutelary saint, and Hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.] this saint has a procession and worship peculiar to Ye have made éven these idolaters worse than they himself. So here; not mạch of the old idolatry is lost. were before. Dr. Blayney translates, “ Therefore

Verse 31. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel?] have I taught calamity thy ways.” A prosopopæia : Have I ever withheld from you any of the blessings "I have instructed calamity where to find thee.” Thou necessary for your support?

shalt not escape punishment.. A land of darkness] Have you, since you passed Verse 34. The blood of the souls of the poor innothrough the wilderness, and came out of the darkness cents] We find from the sacred history that Manasseh of Egypt,' ever been brought into similar circum- had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; see 2 Kings stances ? You have had food and all the necessaries xxi. 16, and Ezek. xxxiv. 10. of life for your bodies; and my ordinances and word I have not found it by secret search, but upon all to enlighten and cheer your souls. I have neither these.) Such deeds of darkness and profligacy are been a wilderness nor a land of darkness to you. found only in Israel: Dr. Blayney translates, “I

· We are lords] We wish to be our own masters ; have not found it in a digged hole, but upon every we will neither brook religious nor civil restraint'; we oak.” Others cover the blood that it may not appear; will regard no laws, human or Divine. It was this but ye have shed it openly, and sprinkled it upon your disposition that caused them to fall in so fully with the consecrated oaks, and gloried in it. whole system of idolatry.

Verse 35. Because I am innocent] They continued Verse 32. Can a maid forget her ornaments] This to assert their innocence, and therefore expected that people has not so much åttachment to me as young God's judgments would be speedily removed!

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