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A prediction of


general judgments. A. M. cır. 3289. that Tyre shall be forgotten | of seventy years, that the LORD A. M. cir. 3299 Olymp. XVI. 2. seventy years, according to the will visit Tyre, and she shall turn Olymp. XVI. 2 Numæ Pompilii, days of one king : after the end to her hire, and shall commit Numæ Pompilii R. Roman, I.

R. Roman, 1. of seventy years shall Tyre fornication with all the kingsing as a harlot.

doins of the world upon the face of the earth. 16 Take a harp; go about the city, thou 18 And her merchandise and her hire "shall harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treamelody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be sured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall remembered.

be for them that dwell before the Lord, to 17 And it shall come to pass after the end eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing. • Heb. it shall be unto Tyre as the song of a harlot.

1 Rev. xvii. 2. Zech. xiv. 20,21.-Heb. old. These seventy years limit the duration of the Baby- “ Nor harlot minstrel sings, when the rude sound lonish monarchy. Tyre was taken by him towards the Tempts you with heavy heels to thump the ground." middle of that period; so did not serve the king of

FRANCIS. Babylon during the whole period, but only for the re

Sir John Chardin, in his MS. note on this place, maining part of it. This seems to be the meaning of

says :-C'est que les vielles prostituées,-ne font que Isaiah ; the days allotted to the one king or kingdom, chanter quand les jeunes dancent, et les animer par are seventy years; Tyre, with the rest of the conquer l'instrument et par la voix. “ The old prostitutes do ed nations, shall continue in a state of subjection and nothing but sing, while the young ones dance; and desolation to the end of that period. Not from the be- animate them both by vocal and instrumental music.” ginning and through the whole of the period ; for, by

Verse 17. After the end of seventy years) Tyre, being one of the latest conquests, the duration of that after its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar, recovered, state of subjection in regard to her, was not much more

as it is here foretold, its ancient trade, wealth, and than half of it. “All these nations,” saith Jeremiah, grandeur; as it did likewise after a second destruction xxv. 11, “shall serve the king of Babylon seventy by Alexander. It became Christian early with the rest years.' Some of them were conquered sooner, some of the neighbouring countries. St. Paul himself found later ; but the end of this period was the common term many Christians there, Acts xxi. 4.. It suffered much for the deliverance of them all.

in the Diocletian persecution. It was an archbishopric There is another way of computing the seventy years, under the patriarchate of Jerusalem, with fourteen bishfrom the year in which Tyre was actually taken to the oprics under its jurisdiction. It continued Christian nineteenth of Darius Hystaspis ; whom the Phænicians, till it was taken by the Saracens in 639 ; was recoor Tyrians, assisted against the Ionians, and probably vered by the Christians in 1124; but in 1280 was on that account might then be restored to their former conquered by the Mamelukes, and afterwards taken liberties and privileges. But I think the former the from them by the Turks in 1517. Since that time it more probable interpretation.-L.

has sunk into utter decay; is now a mere ruin, a bare Sing as a harlot] Fidicinam esse meretricum est, rock, “ a place to spread nets upon,” as the Prophet says Donatus in Terent. Eunuch, iij. 2, 4.

Ezekiel foretold it should bè, chap. xxvi. 14. See Nec meretrix tibicina, cujus

Sandy's Travels; Vitringa on the place ; Bp. Newton Ad strepitum salias. Hor. I. Epist. xiv. 25. on the Prophecies, Dissert. xi.

CHAPTER XXIV. Dreadful judgments impending over the people of God, 1-4. Particular enumeration of the horrid impieties

which provoked the Divine vengeance, 5, 6. Great political wretchedness of the transgressors, 7–12. The calamities shall be so great that only a small remnant shall be left in the land, as it were the gleanings of the vintage, 13. The rest, scattered over the different countries, spread there the knowledge of God, 14-16. Strong figures by which the great distress and long captivity of the transgressors are set forth, 17-22. Gracious promise of a redemption from captivity; and of an extension of the kingdom of God in the latter days, attended with such glorious circumstances as totally to eclipse the light and splendour of the previous dispensation, 23.

the B.C. cir. 392.2. BEHOLD, the Lord maketh | eth -abroad

inhabitants A. M. cir. 3292.

B. C. cir. 712. Olymp. XVII. 1. the earth empty, and mak- thereof.

Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii

, eth it waste, and a turneth 2 And it shall be, as with the Numæ Pompilii, R. Roman., 4. it upside down, and scatter- people, so with the priest ; e as

R. Roman., 4. a Heb. perverleth the face thereof.

Hos. iv. 9. From the thirteenth chapter to the twenty-third innounced : of Babylon, of the Philistines, Moab, Daclusive, the fate of several cities and nations is de mascus, Egypt, Tyre. After having foretold the de

b Or, prince.

cir. annum

cir. annum

cir. annum

Predictions against


the Jews and others. A M. cis. 3292. with the servant, so with his mas- 8 The mirth i of tabrets ceas. A. M. cir. 3292. B. C. cir. 712.

B. C. cir. 712. Olymp. XVII. 1. ter, as with the maid, so with eth, the noise of them that re- Olymp. XVII. 1. Numa Pompilii, her mistress ; & as with the buyer, joice endeth, the joy of the harp Numa Pompilii, R. Roman., 4.

R. Roman., so with the seller; as with the ceaseth. lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker 9. They shall not drink wine with a song; of usury, so with the giver of usury to him. strong drink shall be bitter to them that

3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and drink it. utterly spoiled: for the Lord hath spoken 10 The city of confusion is broken down : this word.


house is shut up, that no man may 4. The earth mourneth and fadeth away, come in. the world languisheth and fadeth away, the '11 There is a crying for wine in the streets; haughty people of the earth do languish. all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is

5. * The earth also is defiled under the in- gone. habitants thereof; because they have trans- 12 In the city is left desolation, and the gate gressed the laws, changed the ordinance, is smitten with destruction. broken the everlasting covenant.

13 When thus it shall be in the midst of 6 Therefore hath the curse devoured the the land among the people, there shall be as earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleantherefore the inhabitants of the earth are ing grapes when the vintage is done. burned, and few men left.

14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall 7 The new wine mourneth, the vine lan- sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall guisheth, all the merry-hearted do sigh. cry aloud from the sea. «Ezek, vii. 12, 13. Heb. the height of the people,

Gen: l i. 10, 12. i Jer. vii. 34 ; xvi. 9; xxv. 10; Ezek. xxvi. 13 ; Hos. 1. 17; Num. Xxxi. 35. Maliv. 6. Chap. xvi. 8, 9; Joel ii. 11; Rev. xviii. 22. LK Chap. xvii. 5, 6. struction of the foreign nations, enemies of Judah, the and Israel; orbis Israeliticus. See note on chap. prophet declares the judgments impending on the people xiii. 1-1. of God themselves for their wickedness and apostasy, and Verse 5. The laws" The law") min torah, -sinthe desolation that shall be brought ontheir whole country: gular: so read the Septuagint, Syriac, and Chaldee.

The twenty-fourth and the three following chapters Verse 6. Are burned" Are destroyed ”), For in seem to have been delivered about the same time : be- charu, read 137.charebu. See the Septuagint, Syriac, fore the destruction of Moab by Shalmaneser ; see Chaldee, and Symmachus. chap. xxv. 10, consequently, before the destruction of Verse 8. The mirth, &c.] INV sheon, the noise. Samaria ; probably in the beginning of Hezekiah's 1180 geon, the pride, is the reading of three of De Rosa reign. But concerning the particular subject of the si's MSS., with the Septuagint and Arabic. twenty-fourth chapter interpreters are not at all agreed : Verse 9. Strong drink-" Palm wine ") This is some refer it to the desolation caused by the invasion the proper meaning of the word 700 shechar, Orxega. of Shalmaneser; others to the invasion of Nebuchad. See note on chap. v. 11. AH enjoyment shall cease; nezzar; and others to the destruction of the city and the sweetest wine shall become bitter to their taste. nation by the Románs. Vitringa is singular in his Verse 11. All joy is darkened—“All gladness is opinion, who applies it to the persecution of Antiochus passed away ") For 7 w arebah, darkened, read ay Epiphanes. Perhaps it may have a view to all of the aberah, passed away; transposing a letter. Houbigant, three great desolations of the country, by. Shalmane- Secker. Five of Dr. Kennicott's and five of De Rose ser, by Nebuchadnezzar, and by the Romans ; espe- si's MSS., several ancient, add 4 col, all, after wins cially the last, to which some parts of it may seem mesos : the Septuagint adds the same word before it. more peculiarly applicable. However, the prophet Verse 14. They shall lift up their voice“But these chiefly employs general images; such as set forth the shall lift up their voice”] That is, they that escaped greatness and universality of the ruin and desolation out of these calamities. The great distresses brought that is to be brought upon the country by these great upon Israel and Judah drove the people away, and disrevolutions, involving all orders and degrees of men, persed them all over the neighbouring countries : they changing entirely the face of things, and destroying the filed to Egypt, to Asia Minor, to the islands and the whole polity, both religious and civil; without entering. coasts of Greece. They were to be found in great into minute circumstances, or necessarily restraining it numbers in most of the principal cities of these counby particular marks to one great event, exclusive of tries. Alexandria was in a great measure peopled by others of the same kind.-L.

them. They had synagogues for their worship in many

places, and were greatly instrumental in propagating NOTES ON CHAP. XXIV.

the knowledge of the true God among these heathen Verse 4. The world languisheth] The world is the nations

, and preparing them for the reception of Chrissame with the land ; that is, the kingdoms of Judah tianity. This is what the prophet seems to mean by

A. M. cir. 3292.
B. C. cir. 712.

A prediction of


general judgments 15 Wherefore glorify ye the l'wo unto me! p'the treacherous 4. M. cir. 3292 Olymp. XVII. 1. Lord in the fires, even m the dealers have dealt treacherously; Olymp. XVII. 1. Numa Pompilii, name of the LORD God of Israel yea, the treacherous dealers have Numa Pompitu, R. Roman., 4. in the isles of the sea.

dealt very treacherously.

R. Roman., 4 16 From the nuttermost part of the earth 17 Fear, and the pit, and the 'snare, are have we heard songs, even glory to the right- upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth. eous. But I said, "My leanness, my leanness, 18 And it shall come to pass, that he who

10r, valleys.

Mal. i. 11.

Heb. wing. to me, or My secret to me.

Heb. Leanness P Jer. v. ll.

- See 1 Kings xix. 17; Jer. xlviii. 43, 44; Amos

v. 19. Psa. Ixix. 22.

,Vaomer לי רזי לי אוי לי בוגדים בגדו ונגד בגדים נגדו | in the distant coasts, and in the uttermost parts of the

,beummim באמים ,beharim בהרים ,biorim ביארים jecture באר beurim, a באורים ,bechorim בחורים ,beam.mtm בעמים

the celebration of the name of Jehovan in the waters, has a strange connexion of uncouth sounds : 17 2017

, , land. D's mayim, the waters ; údwp, Sept.; udara, razi li razi li, li, bogedim bagadu, ubeged bogedim Theod. ; not o'ts miyam from the sea.

bagadu. This may be equalled by the translation in Verse 15. In the isles of the sea--" In the distant my Old M$. Bible : And * Seide, mp priepe thinge coasts of the sea.

."] For D'wx3 beurim, in the valleys, to me: my pribepe thinge to me: Woo : The I suppose we ought to read o xa beiyim, in the isles, lawe brepkpnge thei breken: and in lawe brekpage which is in a great degree justified by the repetition of the oberdon thingis, thep breken the lawe. of the word in the next member of the sentence, with The treacherous dealers have dealt treacherouslythe addition of din haiyam, the sea, to vary the phrase, “ The plunderers plunder ") See note on chap. xxi. 2. exactly in the manner of the prophet. D'x iyim is a Verse 17. Fear, and the pit-" The terror, the pit "] word ehiefly applied to any distant countries, especially. If they escape one calamity, another shall overtake those lying on the Mediterranean Sea. Others con- them. , , ,

“As if a man should flee from a lion, and a bear , ,

should overtake him : bar, illustrati. --Le Clerc. Twenty-three MSS. of

Or should betake himself to his house, and lean Kennicott's, many of De Rossi's, and some of my own,

his hand on the wall, read Divx3 beorim, in the valleys. The Septuagint do not acknowledge the reading of the text, expressing

And a serpent should bite him." Amos v. 19. here only the word o'n iyim, ev sais mnooisin the “ For," as our Saviour expressed it in a like parabolical islands, and that not repeated. But MSS. Pachom. manner, "wheresqever the carcass is, there shall the and 1. D. 11. supply in this place the defect in the other eagles be gathered together,” Matt. xxiv. 28. The copies of the Septuagint thus, Aid Souto in doğa Kuo images are taken from the different methods of huntριου εσται εν ταις νησοις της θαλασσης: εν ταις νησοις ing and taking, wild beasts, which were anciently in το ονομα του Κυριου Θεου Ισραηλ ενδοξον εσται· «There- use. . The terror was a line strung with feathers of fore the glory of the Lord shall be in the isles of the all colours, which futtering in the air scared and frightsea : in the islands shall the name of the Lord God of ened the beasts into the toils, or into the pit which was Israel be glorified.” Kimchi says, that by b'risbeu- prepared for them. Nec est mirum, cum maximos ferim, in the valleys, is meant the cities, because they rarum greges linea pennis distincta contineat, et in inwere generally built in valleys. The Vulgate has in sidias agat, ab ipso effectu dicta formido. Seneca de doctrinis, and so my old MS., in techingis. Cover- Ira, ii. 12, The pit or pitfall, fovea; digged deep in dale translates, Praise the name of the Lord God of the ground, and covered over with green boughs, turf, Israel in the valleys and in the floodis. It should not &c., in order to deceive them, that they might fall into be rendered in the fires; none of the ancient Versions it unawares. The snare, or toils, indago; a series of understood it thus. According to which the Septua- nets, inclosing at first a great space of ground, in which gint had in their Hebrew copy O'Ra beiyim, repeated the wild beasts were known to be ; and then drawn in afterwards, not o'n beurim.

by degrees into a narrower compass, till they were at Verse 16. But I said] The prophet speaks in the last closely shut up, and entangled in them.-L. person of the inhabitants of the land still remaining

For boog mikkol, a MS. reads 'Do mippeney, as it is there, who should be pursued by Divine vengeance, and in Jer. xlviii. 44, and so the Vulgate and Chaldee. But suffer repeated distresses from the inroads and depre- perhaps it is only, like the latter, a Hebraism, and means dations of their powerful enemies. Agreeably to what no more than the simple preposition mem. See Psa. he said before in a general denunciation of these ca- cii. 6. For it does not appear that the terror was inlamities :

tended to scare the wild beasts by its noise. “ Though there be a tenth part remaining in it ;

ronomasia is very reinarkable ; yo pachad, mno paEven this shall undergo a repeated destruction.”

chath, 70 pach: and that it was a common proverbial Chap. vi. 13. See the note there.-L.

form, appears from Jeremiah's repeating it in the same

words, chap. xlvii. 43, 44. My leanness, my leanness--Or, my secret; so the Verse 18. Out of the midst of the pit "From the Vulgate, Montanus, and my old MS. in razan has pit ") For tirio mittoch, from the midst of, a MS. this meaning in Chaldee; but in Hebrew it signifies to reads in min, from, as it is in Jer. xlviii. 44; and so make lean, to waste. This sentence in the Hebrew I likewise the Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate. 114

( 8* )

The pa

Jer. iv, 23.


Generul judgments on the


Jews and other people. A. M. cir. 3292. fleeth from the noise of the fear

21 And it shall come to pass B.C. cir. 712.

A. M. cir. 3292. B. C. cir. 712. Olymp. XVII. 1. shall-fall into the pit; and he that in that day, that the LORD shall Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii

, cometh up out of the midst of " punish the host of the high Numæ Pompilii, R. Roman., 4.

R. Roman., 4. the pit shall be taken in the snare: ones that are on high, * and the for the windows from on high are open, and kings of the earth upon the earth. the foundations of the earth do shake. 22 And they shall be gathered together,

19 - The earth is utterly broken down, they as prisoners are gathered in the 'pit, and earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved shall be shut up in the prison, and after many exceedingly.

days shall they be visited. 20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a 23 Then the moon shall be confounded, drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts and the transgression thereof shall be heavy shall reign din Mount Zion, and in Jerusaupon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again. lem, and • before his ancients gloriously. . Gen. vii. 11.-Psa. xviii. 7.

Chap. a Or, found wanting: - - Chap. xiii. 10; lx. 19; Ezek. xxxii. xix. 14. - Heb. visit upon. -1 Psa. lxxvi. 12.- - Heb. with 7; Joel ii. 31 ; mi. 15. Rev. xix. 4, 6.- d Heb. xii. 22. the gathering of prisoners.- - Or, dungeon.

e Or, there shall be glory before his ancients. Verse 19. The earth—"The land"] pia haarets, cordingly the whole world natural, consisting of heaven forte delendum , he, ut ex præcedente ortum. Vid. and earth, signifies the whole world politic, consisting seqq.- Secker. “Probably the 77 he, in yox haarets, 1 of thrones and people ; or so much of it as is consishould be blotted out, as having arisen from the pre- dered in prophecy : and the things in that world sigceding."

nify the analogous things in this. For the heavens and Verse 20. Like a cottage Like a lodge for a the things therein signify thrones and dignities, and night”] See note on chap. i. 8.

those who enjoy them; and the earth with the things Verse 21. On high--upon the earth.] That is, the thereon, the inferior people ; and the lowest parts of ecclesiastical and civil polity of the Jews, which shall the earth, called hades or hell, the lowest or most mibe destroyed. The nation shall continue in a state of serable part of them. Great earthquakes, and the depression and dereliction for a long time. The image shaking of heaven and earth, are put for the shaking seems to be taken from the practice of the great mon- of kingdoms; so as to distract and overthrow them; the archs of that time ; who, when they had thrown their creating a new heaven and earth, and the passing away wretched captives into a dungeon, never gave them- of an old one, or the beginning and end of a world, selves the trouble of inquiring about them; but let them for the rise and ruin of a body politic signified therelie a long time in that miserable condition, wholly des- by. The sun, for the whole species and race of kings, titute of relief, and disregarded. God shall at length in the kingdoms of the world politic; the moon, for the revisit and restore his people in the last age : and then body of the common people, considered as the king's the kingdom of God shall be established in such per- wife; the stars, for subordinate princes and great men; fection, as wholly to obscure and eclipse the glory of or for bishops and rulers of the people of God, when the temporary, typical, preparative kingdom now sub- the sun is Christ : setting of the sun, moon, and stars, sisting.

darkening the sun, turning the moon into blood, and Verse 23. Before his ancients gloriously] En the falling of the stars, for the ceasing of a kingdom." sigt of their olde men be schal ben gloristed.. Old Sir 1. Newton's Observations on the Prophecies, Part MS. BIBLE.

I., chap. 2. * The figurative language of the prophets is taken These observations are of great consequence from the analogy between the world natural and an em- and use, in explaining the phraseology of the propire or kingdom considered as a world politic. - Ac- phets.


The short glance which the prophet gave at the promised restoration of the people of God and the Messiah's

kingdom, in the close of the preceding chapter, makes him break out into a rapturous song of praise in this,

where, although he alludes to temporal mercies, such as the destruction of the cities which had been at war : with Zion, the ruin of Moab, and other signal interpositions of Divine Providence in behalf of the Jews ;

yet he is evidently impressed with a more lively sense of future and much higher blessings under the Gospel dispensation, in the plenitude of its revelation, of which the temporal deliverances vouchsafed at various times to the primitive kingdoms of Israel and Judah were the prototypes, 1-5. These blessings are described under the figure of a feast made for all nations, 6; the removing of a veil from their faces, 7; the total extinction of the empire of death by the resurrection from the dead, the exclusion of all sorrow, and the final overthrow of all the enemies of the people of God, 8–12.

cir. annum

Thanksgiving for


approaching deliverance, B. C. cir. 322. O LORD, thou art my God; •I fuge from the storm, a shadow 4. M. cir. 3292. Olymp. XVII. 1. will exalt thee, I will praise from the heat, when the blast of Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii, thy name ; b for thou hast done the terrible ones is as a storm Numa Pompilii, R. Roman., 4. wonderful things; thy counsels against the wall.

R. Roman., 4. of old are faithfulness and truth.

5 Thou shalt bring down the noise of 2 For thou hast made d of a city a heap; strangers, as the heat in a dry place'; even the of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers heat with the shadow of a cloud : the branch to be no city; it shall never be built. of the terrible ones shall be brought low.

3 Therefore shall the strong people e glorify . 6 And in 8 this mountain shall h the LORD' thee, the city of the terrible nations shall fear of hosts make unto : all people a feast of fat thee.

things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat 4. For thou hast been a strength to the poor, things full of marrow, of wines on the lees a strength to the needy in his distress, ' a re-well refined. Exod. xv. 2; Psa. cxviii. 28. Psa. xcviii. l. - Num. Rev. xi. 13.- Chap. iv. 6. - Chap. ii. 2, 3. h Prov. ix. xxiii. 19.-- Chap. xxi. 9; xxiii. 13; Jer. li. 37.

2; Matt. xxii. 4. -i Dan. vii. 14; Matt. viii. 1). It does not appear to me that this chapter has any 14, in the Septuagint; and Psa. liv. 5, where the Chalclose and particular connexion with the chapter imme- dee reads Digi zedim, compared with Psa. lxxxvi. »16. diately preceding, taken separately, and by itself, The Verse 4. As a storm against the wall ---Like a subject of that was the desolation of the land of Israel winter-storm."} For np. kir, read np. kor: or, as ty ir and Judah, by the just judgment of God, for the wick- from 77 arar, so wp.kir from 99p karar.--Capellus. edness and disobedience of the people : which, taken Verse 5. Of strangers—“Of the proud”] The same by itself, seems not with any propriety to introduce a mistake here as in ver. 2 : see the note there. Here hymn of thanksgiving to God for his mercies to his 0'77 zedim the proud, is parallel to Diy W aritsim, the people in delivering them from their enemies. But formidable : as in Psa. liv. 5, and lxxxvi: 14. taking the whole course of prophecies, from the thir. The heat with the shadow of a cloud =" As the teenth to the twenty-fourth chapter inclusive, in which heat by a thick cloud") For an choreb, the Syriac, the prophet foretells the destruction of several cities Chaldee, Vulgate, and two MSS. read and kechoreb; and nations, enemies to the Jews, and of the land of which is a repetition of the beginning of the foregoing Judah itself, yet with intimations of a remnant to be parallel line; and the verse taken out of the parallel saved, and a restoration to be at length effected by a form, and more fully expressed, would run thus : "As glorious establishment of the kingdom of God: with a thick cloud interposing tempers the heat of the sun a view to this extensive scene of God's providence in on the burnt soil; so shalt thou, by the interposition all its parts, and in all its consequences, the prophet of thy power, bring low and abate the tumult of the may well be supposed to break out into this song of proud, and the triumph of the formidable.” praise ; in which his mind seems to be more possessed Verse 6. In this mountain] Zion, at Jerusalem. with the prospect of future mercies than with the re- In his Church. collection of the past.-L.

Shall the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast]

Salvation by Jesus Christ. A feast is a proper and

usual expression of joy in consequence of victory, or Verse 1. Thy counsels of old are faithfulness and any other great success. The feast here spoken of is truth.] That is, All thy past declarations by the pro- to be celebrated on Mount Sion; and all people, withphets shall be fulfilled in their proper time.

out distinction, are to be invited to it. This can be Verse 2. A city—“The city"] Nineveh, Babylon, no other than the celebration of the establishment of Ar, Moab, or any other strong fortress possessed by the Christ's kingdom, which is frequently represented in enemies of the people of God.

the Gospel under the image of a feast; “where many For the first wyn meir, of a city, the Syriac and shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down Vulgate read nyo hair, the city ; the Septuagint and at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the king, Chaldee read d'hy arim, cities, in the plural, transposing dom of heaven;" Matt. vi. 11. See also Luke xiv. the letters. After the second rys meir, á MS. adds | 16 ; xxiv. 29, 30. This sense is fully confirmed by bab lagol, for a heap.

the concomitants of this feast expressed in the next A palace of strangers—" The palace of the proud verse; the removing of the veil from the face of the ones"] For D'hi zarim, strangers, MS. Bodl. and nations, and the abolition of death : the first of which another read o'n zedim, the proud : so likewise the is obviously and clearly explained of the preaching of Septuagint ; for they render it agsßww here, and in the Gospel; and the second must mean the blessing ver. 5, as they do in some other places : see Deut. of immortality procured for us by Christ, “who hath xviii. 20, 22. Another MS. reads o'ng tsarim, adver- abolished death, and through death hath destroyed him saries; which also makes a good sense. But on that had the power of death.” zarim, strangers, and o'ni zedim, the proud, are often Of wines on the lees" Of old wines"] Heb. lees; confounded by the great similitude of the letters 7 da- that is, of wines kept long on the lees.. The word leth and resh. See Mal, iii. 15, iv. 1 ; Psa. xix. I used to express the lees in the original signifies the

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