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Loss of his farm.
Publication of the Eclogues and preparation of the Georgics
The Georgics composed at Naples
His death and wish to destroy the Aeneid
His personal appearance and habits
from his own works
Order and time of their composition
Imitative character of the second and third.
The fifth founded on the death and apotheosis of Julius
I. The Eclogues examined in the order of their composition 130-152
Character of the Eclogues indicated by expressions used in
Purely Theocritean character of the seventh
Elements of interest in the sixth
II. Relation of the Eclogues to the Greek Pastoral
Theocritean origin of Virgil's Eclogues
Primitive pastoral poem among the Greeks.
The love of the Cyclops for Galatea
Origin of the pastoral dialogue
Artistic form given to these primitive elements by Theocritus
Difference between the pastoral life of Sicily and rural life of
III. Truth of feeling in the Eclogues
Inferiority of the Eclogues in truth and vividness of repre-
I. Original motives of the Poem
Desire to treat of rural life in the spirit of Hesiod
Influence of Maecenas on the choice of the subject
II. Form of poetry adopted by Virgil
What forms of poetry available for Virgil's purpose?
Character of didactic poetry among the Greeks
Italian character of the subject
Connexion of the subject with national history
Materials derived by Virgil from his own life
From Greek and Roman writers on agriculture
Relation of the Georgics to the Works and Days'
Virgil's recognition of his relation to Lucretius
Identity of feeling in the two poets
Difference in position and sympathies.
Nature more fully revealed in Lucretius than in earlier poetry
Idea of the struggle of man with Nature in Lucretius
Lesson drawn by him from this idea.
Virgil's sense of the life of Nature derived from Lucretius
Idea of the struggle with Nature as ordained by Providence
Prominence thus given to the duty of labour
Lesson inculcated in the Georgics
Scientific beliefs of Lucretius as adopted or rejected by Virgil
Lucretius Virgil's chief model in technical execution
Address to Maecenas compared with address to Memmius
Eulogy of Caesar compared with eulogy of Epicurus
Meaning of their Invocation of Supernatural aid.
Varieties of religious feeling and belief in the Augustan Age
Method of science in Lucretius, of art in Virgil
Union of various modes of religious belief in the Invocation
Illustration of Virgil's subject from his sense of beauty
from his sense of the life of Nature
from his sympathy with the life of animals.
Purpose of the episodes in Lucretius and in the Georgics
Episodes at the end of Books iii. and iv.
Episode of the omens accompanying the death of Julius
The Georgics an original work of Latin genius
Technical value of the poem as an exposition of Italian hus-
Feeling of the dignity of labour an Italian sentiment
Italian feeling and representation of Nature.
Distinction between primitive and literary epic
Absence of primitive epics from Roman literature
The Roman epic originates in the imitation of the Greek epic
New character given to the Roman epic from the national
from admiration of great men
from capacity for works of massive execution
New type of Roman epic introduced by Varro Atacinus
FORM AND SUBJECT OF THE AENEID.
I. Purpose of the Aeneid and motives determining the form
Motive originating in the state of public feeling
New problem in literary art presented to Virgil
Its late reception among the Romans
Vague and composite character of the legend
Grounds on which Virgil's choice was justified
Connexion of the legend with the Homeric cycle of events
Its recognition by the State for more than two centuries
Connexion with the glory of the Julian family
Largeness of scope afforded by the vagueness of the legend.
Adaptation to a poem representative of Rome in the
II. Adaptation of the legend of Aeneas to Virgil's purpose 300-310
Adaptation of the legend of Romulus to a poem founded on