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THE SCIENCE OF DISCOURSE.

THE ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE.

THE SUBJECT-MATTER BOUNDED. The science of discourse, or rhetoric, is one of a large group of language studies ; some of which are orthography, orthoëpy, lexicography, grammar, composition, reading, linguistics, and literature. In a general way these all have the same subject matter — language; but each is restricted to a given view or phase of it.

Yes, view or phase, since each subject is not restricted to a part; for each study covers the entire extent of language. Either spelling, pronunciation, or definition of words extends to the whole of language. Grammar is the grammar of the whole; and all language is composed, and is supposed to be read. Linguistics includes the entire organized framework of language as an instrument of expressing thought ; and literature the whole of thought which animates such organized framework.

Thus the entire territory of language is claimed by each language study. Rhetoric has no corner which it can call its own ; but must work the whole field over in its own way. What way?

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